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ScriptsDinn Eidyn (Cumbirc)
ContributorContrib.McLeeds on 6/28/2016
Meaning & History
Edinburgh is the capital city of Scotland. It was first attested in the Cumbric form Dinn Eidyn
, meaning 'castle of Edin', hence the Gaelic name Dùn Èideann
It may also have been known as Car Eidyn
, 'Edin's fort', hence the Welsh name 'Caeredin'.
The name was altered at some point prior to the 11th century to the Anglo-Saxon translation. In c.1170, King William refered to the town as Edenesburch
, with the burch
element being related to the German burg
, 'castle, fort'.
The current form Edinburgh
was likely to have settled in the 14th century. However, other forms occasionally appeared thereafter.