Meaning & History
From Latin Aegyptus, itself from Greek Αιγυπτος (Aigyptos), which was probably derived from Egyptian hut-ka-Ptah, the name of the temple to the god Ptah in Memphis, meaning "the house of the soul of Ptah". Descendants of the Latin name are used in most European languages to refer to the ancient kingdom and modern country of Egypt. However, the name the ancient Egyptians used to refer to the Nile Valley was Kemet, and the Arabic speakers of modern Egypt call it Masr.
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