All Place Names

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AALST (Settlement) Dutch
Possibly from Germanic alhust meaning "living place". This is the name of various towns in Belgium and the Netherlands.
AARLE (Settlement) Dutch
Meaning unknown. This is the name of various towns in the Netherlands.
ABILENE (Region) Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Probably from Hebrew אָבֵל ('avel) meaning "meadow, grassy place". This is the name of a place briefly mentioned in the New Testament.
ABNEY (Settlement) English
From the Old English given name Abba combined with eg "island". This is the name of a town in Derbyshire.
ACHTERBERG (Settlement) Low German
The name of various villages and estates in the Netherlands and Germany, derived from Low German achter "behind" and berg "mountain, hill".
ACHTHOVEN (Settlement) Dutch
Means "eight gardens" in Dutch. This is the name of various towns in the Netherlands.
ADRICHEM (Settlement) Dutch
Means "Adrik's home". This was the name of an estate and castle (demolished in 1812) that was formerly in North Holland, the Netherlands.
AFEGANISTÃO (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of AFGHANISTAN.
AFGANISTÁN (Country) Spanish
Spanish form of AFGHANISTAN.
AFGANISTAN (Country) Russian, Croatian, Serbian, Polish
Russian, Croatian, Serbian and Polish form of AFGHANISTAN.
AFGHANESTAN (Country) Persian
Persian form of AFGHANISTAN.
AFGHANISTAN (Country) Pashto, Arabic, Urdu, Indian, Hindi, English, German, Dutch, French, Italian
From Pashto افغانستان (Afghanistan), from the Persian ethnic name افغان (Afkhan) meaning "Afghan, Pashtun" combined with the Persian suffix ستان (stan) meaning "land of". This is the name of a country in central Asia.
ÁFRICA (Region) Spanish
Spanish form of AFRICA.
AFRICA (Region) English, Ancient Roman
Of Latin origin, possibly from the Afri people who lived near Carthage in North Africa.
AITHIOPIA (Country) Ancient Greek
Greek form of ETHIOPIA.
ALANKOMAAT (Country) Finnish
From Finnish alanko "lowland" and maat "lands". This is the Finnish name for the Netherlands (for which it is also a translation).
ALBANIA (Region & Country) Late Roman, English, Spanish, Italian
Medieval Latin name for the region that was once occupied by the Illyrian tribe called Albanoi. This is the name of a country in the Balkans.
ALBANIE (Country) French
French form of ALBANIA.
ALBANIEN (Country) German
German form of ALBANIA.
ALBANIJA (Country) Serbian, Croatian
Serbian and Croatian form of ALBANIA.
ALEMANHA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of ALEMANNIA, used as the Portuguese name of Germany.
ALEMANIA (Country) Spanish
Spanish form of ALEMANNIA, used as the Spanish name of Germany.
ALEMANNIA (Region) Ancient Roman
Latin name for the lands where the Alemanni lived. The Alemanni were a confederation of Germanic tribes who lived around the upper Rhine River in the time of the Roman Empire.
ALEXANDREIA (Settlement) Ancient Greek
Greek form of ALEXANDRIA.
ALEXANDRIA (Settlement) English, Ancient Roman, Ancient Greek (Latinized)
From the Greek given name Αλεξανδρος (see ALEXANDER), bestowed by Alexander the Great upon the cities he founded or conquered. This is the name of many cities throughout the world, notably in Egypt.
ALGER (Settlement) French, Romanian
French and Romanian form of ALGIERS.
ALGERI (Settlement) Italian
Italian form of ALGIERS.
ALGERIA (Country) English, Italian, Romanian
The name of a country in North Africa, named after its capital city ALGIERS.
ALGÉRIE (Country) French
French form of ALGERIA.
ALGERIEN (Country) German
German form of ALGERIA.
ALGIER (Settlement) German
German form of ALGIERS.
ALGIERS (Settlement) English
From Arabic الجزائر (al-Jaza'ir) meaning "the islands". This is the name of the capital city of Algeria, so named because of the islands in its bay.
ALLEMAGNE (Country) French
French form of ALEMANNIA, used as the French name of Germany.
ALTENA (Settlement) Dutch
Possibly means "close, near" in Dutch. This is the name of a town in the Netherlands.
AMÉRICA (Region) Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of AMERICA, used to refer to the continents.
AMERICA (Region & Country) English, Italian, Romanian, Late Roman
From the name of the explorer AMERIGO Vespucci (1451-1512). This is the name of two continents (North and South America). As well, it is commonly used to refer to the United States of America.
AMERİKA (Region & Country) Turkish
Turkish form of AMERICA.
AMERIKA (Region & Country) German, Dutch, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish, Russian, Croatian, Serbian, Hungarian
Form of AMERICA, used to refer to the continents and sometimes to the United States of America.
AMÉRIQUE (Region & Country) French
French form of AMERICA.
AMERSFOORT (Settlement) Dutch
Means "ford of the Amer (Eem) River" in Dutch. This is the name of a city in Utrecht, the Netherlands.
AMERYKA (Region & Country) Polish, Ukrainian
Polish and Ukrainian form of AMERICA, used to refer to the continents and the United States of America.
AMSTEL (River) Dutch
Means "water place" in Dutch. This is the name of a river in the Netherlands, which lent its name to Amsterdam.
AMSTERDAM (Settlement) Dutch, English, German, Swedish, Danish, Norwegian, French, Polish
Means "dam on the AMSTEL" in Dutch. This is the name of the capital city of the Netherlands, first mentioned with this name in the 13th century.
ANATOLIA (Region) Ancient Greek
From Greek ανατολη (anatole) meaning "sunrise", a term used by the Greeks to refer to the peninsula to the east (modern Turkey).
ANDEL (Settlement) Dutch
Possibly means "upper forest" in Old Dutch. This is the name of a town in North Brabant in the Netherlands.
ANGEL (Region) Danish
Possibly derived from Germanic roots meaning "narrow, tight, tapering" or "hook". This is the name of a peninsula in northern Germany near Denmark, the original home of the Germanic tribe the Angles.
ANGELN (Region) German
German form of ANGEL.
ANGLAE TERRA (Country) Late Roman
Late Latin form of ENGLAND (a translation, meaning "land of the Angles").
ANGLETERRE (Country) French
French form of ANGLAE TERRA, used as the French name of England.
ANGLIA (Country & Region) Late Roman, Polish, Hungarian, Romanian
Late Latin form of ENGLAND (and also of ANGEL).
ANGLIYA (Country) Russian, Bulgarian
Russian and Bulgarian form of ENGLAND.
ANGOLA (Country) Portuguese, English, Spanish, French, Italian, German, Dutch, Polish, Croatian, Serbian
Portuguese form of Ngola, the royal title of the kings of Ndongo, an African kingdom that was conquered by the Portuguese in the 17th-century. It was a Portuguese colony until 1975, when it became an independent country.
ANNESLEY (Settlement) English
From Old English anne "alone, solitary" and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of a town in Nottinghamshire.
ANSLEY (Settlement) English
From Old English ansetl "hermitage" and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of a town in Warwickshire.
ANTWERP (Settlement) English
From Dutch Antwerpen, meaning uncertain, perhaps from Dutch werf meaning "wharf". This is the name of a city in Belgium.
ANTWERPEN (Settlement) Dutch, German, Luxembourgish, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Finnish, Hungarian, Slovene, Croatian, Bosnian
Dutch form of ANTWERP, as well as the form in several other languages.
ANVERS (Settlement) French
French form of ANTWERP.
APELDOORN (Settlement) Dutch
Means "apple tree" in Dutch. This is the name of a city in the Netherlands.
APPLEBY (Settlement) English
Derived from Old English æppel "apple" and Old Norse býr "farm, settlement". This is the name of towns in England.
APPLETON (Settlement) English
Derived from Old English æppeltun "orchard". This is the name of towns in England.
AQUINO (Settlement) Italian
Derived from Latin aqua meaning "water". This is the name of a town in Italy.
ARARAT (Mountain) Armenian, Biblical, Biblical Hebrew, Ancient Near Eastern
From the name of the ancient kingdom of Urartu. This is the name of a mountain in Turkey (formerly part of Armenia).
ARBËNIA (Country) Albanian (Archaic)
Albanian form of ALBANIA. This is no longer used as the official Albanian name of the country, which is now Shqipëri.
ARENDONK (Settlement) Dutch
Derived from Dutch arend "eagle" and donk "hill". This is the name of a city in northern Belgium.
ARGEL (Settlement) Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of ALGIERS.
ARGÉLIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of ALGERIA.
ARGELIA (Country) Spanish
Spanish form of ALGERIA.
ARGENTINA (Country) Spanish, English, Portuguese, Italian, Russian, Czech, Croatian, Serbian, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
From Latin argentinus meaning "silvery", a derivative of argentum meaning "silver". This is the name of a country in South America, arising from a Latinized form of Spanish Río de la Plata meaning "river of silver".
ARGENTINE (Country) French
French form of ARGENTINA.
ARGENTINIË (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of ARGENTINA.
ARGENTINIEN (Country) German
German form of ARGENTINA.
ARGENTYNA (Country) Polish
Polish form of ARGENTINA.
ARIHA (Settlement) Arabic
Arabic form of JERICHO.
ARIMATHAEA (Settlement) Biblical Latin
Latin form of ARIMATHEA.
ARIMATHEA (Settlement) Biblical
From Greek ‘Αριμαθαια (Harimathaia), of unknown meaning. In the New Testament this is the home town of Joseph of Arimathea. The town has not been positively identified, though רָמָתַיִם (Ramatayim) or רָמָה (Ramah) near Jerusalem has been proposed.
ARMENIA (Country) English, Spanish, Italian, Romanian, Greek, Norwegian, Ancient Roman, Ancient Greek, Ancient Persian
From Greek Αρμενια (Armenia), which was from Old Persian Armina, which is itself probably of Armenia origin. This is the name of a country in the Caucasus region, called Hayastan in Armenian.
ARMÉNIE (Country) French
French form of ARMENIA.
ARMENIË (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of ARMENIA.
ARMENIEN (Country) German, Swedish, Danish
German, Swedish and Danish form of ARMENIA.
ARMENIYA (Country) Russian
Russian form of ARMENIA.
ASCH (Settlement) Dutch
From Old Dutch aska meaning "ash tree". This is the name of a town in the Netherlands.
ÅSGARD (Region) Norse Mythology
Norwegian form of ASGARD.
ASGÅRD (Region) Norse Mythology
Swedish and Danish form of ASGARD.
ASGARD (Region) Norse Mythology (Anglicized)
English form of Old Norse Ásgarðr meaning "enclosure of the Æsir", composed of Old Norse áss meaning "god, Æsir" and garðr meaning "enclosure, stronghold". This is the name of the home of the Æsir gods in Norse Mythology.
ÁSGARÐR (Region) Norse Mythology
Old Norse form of ASGARD.
ÁSGARÐUR (Region) Norse Mythology
Icelandic form of ASGARD.
ASHLEY (Settlement) English
From Old English æsc "ash tree" and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of various towns in England.
ASHUR (Settlement & Region) English, Arabic, Persian, Akkadian
From Akkadian 𒀸𒋩 (Assur), meaning unknown. This was the capital city of the Assyrian Empire, supposedly named for the god Ashur, though the god was in fact probably named for the city. The empire, Assyria, was also named for it. The city was destroyed in the 14th century by the forces of Tamerlane.... [more]
ASHURAYU (Region) Akkadian
Akkadian form of ASSYRIA.
ASHWORTH (Settlement) English
From Old English æsc "ash tree" and worþ "enclosure". This was the name of a town in Lancashire.
ASIA (Region) English, Italian, Ancient Greek
Perhaps derived from Akkadian asu, meaning "east".
ASÍS (Settlement) Spanish
Spanish form of ASSISI.
ASISIUM (Settlement) Ancient Roman
Latin form of ASSISI.
ASSENDORP (Settlement) Dutch
From Dutch es meaning "ash tree" (plural essen) and dorp meaning "village". This is the name of a city in the Netherlands.
ASSIRIA (Region) Italian
Italian form of ASSYRIA.
ASSISE (Settlement) French
French form of ASSISI.
ASSISI (Settlement) Italian, English, German
From Latin Asisium, which is of unknown, possibly pre-Latin, origin. This is the name of a city in central Italy.
ASSYRIA (Region) English, Ancient Roman, Ancient Greek
From Greek Ασσυρια (Assyria), derived from Akkadian Ashurayu, itself from the name of the empire's capital city ASHUR. This was the name of an ancient Mesopotamian kingdom and empire.
ASSYRIE (Region) French
French form of ASSYRIA.
ASTNIDE (Settlement) Old High German (Latinized)
Old German (Latinized) form of ESSEN.
ASTON (Settlement) English
From Old English east "east" and tun "enclosure, yard, town". This is the name of many towns in England.
ASTURIAS (Political Subdivision) Spanish
Possibly derived from Basque asta "rock" and ur "water". This was the name of an 8th to 10th-century kingdom of northern Iberia. It is now the name of a Spanish province.
ATENAS (Settlement) Spanish
Spanish form of ATHENS.
ATENE (Settlement) Italian
Italian form of ATHENS.
ATHEN (Settlement) German
German form of ATHENS.
ATHENAE (Settlement) Ancient Roman
Latin form of ATHENS.
ATHENAI (Settlement) Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek form of ATHENS.
ATHÈNES (Settlement) French
French form of ATHENS.
ATHENS (Settlement) English
From Ancient Greek Αθηναι (Athenai), meaning unknown, probably from a pre-Greek language. The Greek goddess ATHENA was probably named for the city, not vice versa. Athens is a city in eastern Greece, emerging as a powerful city-state in the classical period. It has been the capital of the modern country of Greece since 1834.
ATHINA (Settlement) Greek
Modern Greek form of ATHENS.
ÄTHIOPIEN (Country) German
German form of ETHIOPIA.
ATİNA (Settlement) Turkish
Turkish form of ATHENS.
ATINA (Settlement) Bulgarian
Bulgarian form of ATHENS.
ATTICA (Region) English, Ancient Roman
From Greek Αττικη (Attike), derived from the name of the city of Αθηναι (see ATHENS). This is the name of the peninsula where Athens is located.
ATTIKE (Region) Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek form of ATTICA.
ATTIKI (Region) Greek
Modern Greek form of ATTICA.
AUBIGNY (Settlement) French
From the Gallo-Roman given name ALBINUS. This is the name of several French communes.
AUDLEY (Settlement) English
Means "EALDGYÐ's clearing" in Old English. This is the name of a village in Staffordshire, England.
AURELIANA (Settlement) Ancient Roman
Means "of AURELIUS" in Latin. This was the name of some Roman towns and estates.
AURELIANUM (Settlement) Ancient Roman
Means "of AURELIANUS" in Latin. This was the name of a city in Gaul (modern Orléans, France), which was renamed in honour of the 3rd-century Roman emperor Aurelian.
AUSTRÁLIA (Region & Country) Portuguese, Slovak
Portuguese and Slovak form of AUSTRALIA.
AUSTRALIA (Region & Country) English, Italian, Spanish, Norwegian, Finnish, Polish
Derived from Latin australis meaning "southern". It was formally adopted as the name of the continent (and later country) by the British administrators of the region in 1824.
AUSTRÁLIE (Region & Country) Czech
Czech form of AUSTRALIA.
AUSTRALIE (Region & Country) French
French form of AUSTRALIA.
AUSTRALIË (Region & Country) Dutch
Dutch form of AUSTRALIA.
AUSTRALIEN (Region & Country) German, Swedish, Danish
German, Swedish and Danish form of AUSTRALIA.
AYTON (Settlement) English
Derived from Old English ea "river" or eg "island" combined with tun "enclosure, yard, town". This is the name of towns in Berwickshire and North Yorkshire.
BAARD (Settlement) Frisian
Possibly from a given name that was a variant of BERT. This is the name of a town in Frisia in the Netherlands.
BABILI (Settlement) Akkadian
Akkadian form of BABYLON.
BABILÓNIA (Settlement) Portuguese
Portuguese form of BABYLON.
BABILONIA (Settlement) Italian, Spanish
Italian and Spanish form of BABYLON.
BABYLON (Settlement) English, German, Dutch, Biblical, Ancient Roman, Biblical Latin, Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek
Greek form of Akkadian 𒆍𒀭𒊏𒆠 (Babili), which appears to mean "gateway of God", from Akkadian 𒆍 (babu) meaning "gate" and 𒀭 (ilu) meaning "God", though it may in fact derive from a non-Semitic language. This was the name of a major city in ancient Mesopotamia, the capital of the Babylonian Empire. It was located in present-day Iraq.
BABYLONE (Settlement) French
French form of BABYLON.
BADALOCUM (Settlement) Ancient Roman
Latin form of BAGGIO.
BAGGIO (Settlement) Italian
From Latin Badalocum meaning "watch place". This is the name of an Italian town, now a district of Milan.
BAGLEY (Settlement) English
From Old English bagga "bag, badger" and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of various towns in England.
BALGARIYA (Country) Bulgarian
Bulgarian form of BULGARIA.
BAMA (Country) Burmese
Burmese variant of မြန်မာ (see MYANMAR).
BARDSLEY (Settlement) English
From the Old English name BEORNRÆD and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of a village near Manchester.
BATRA (Settlement) Arabic
Arabic form of PETRA. In Arabic it is properly written with the definite article: البتراء (al-Batra).
BAVARIA (Political Subdivision) English, Late Roman
From Late Latin Baiovarii, the name of a Germanic tribe, named after an earlier Gaulish tribe the Boii. This is the name of a state in Germany (called Bayern in German).
BAVIERA (Political Subdivision) Spanish, Portuguese, Italian
Spanish, Portuguese and Italian form of BAVARIA.
BAYERN (Political Subdivision) German
German form of BAVARIA.
BAYT LAHM (Settlement) Arabic
Arabic form of BETHLEHEM. The Arabic word لحم (lahm) meaning "meat" is cognate with Hebrew לֶחֶם (lechem) meaning "bread".
BECSKE (Settlement) Hungarian
Possibly derived from the Hungarian given name BENEDEK. This is the name of a small town in Hungary.
BEERS (Settlement) Dutch
Possibly from Dutch baar meaning "bar". This is the name of a town in the Netherlands (plus a smaller one in Frisia).
BEESLEY (Settlement) English
From Old English beos "bent grass" and leah "woodland, clearing". This was the name of a hamlet or farm in Lancashire, England.
BEGBIE (Settlement) Scottish
Derived from the Old Norse name BAGGI and býr meaning "farm, settlement". This is the name of a small town in East Lothian, Scotland.
BEIJING (Settlement) Chinese, English
From Chinese (běi) meaning "north" and (jīng) meaning "capital city". This is the name of the capital of China.
BEIT-'EL (Settlement) Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of BETHEL.
BEIT-LECHEM (Settlement) Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of BETHLEHEM.
BÉLARUS (Country) French
French form of BELARUS.
BELARÚS (Country) Spanish
Spanish form of BELARUS.
BELARUS (Country) Belarusian, Russian, English, Portuguese
Means "white Russia", from the Slavic root белъ (belu) meaning "white" and RUS. This is the name of a country in eastern Europe. Many languages use a translation of "white Russia" to refer to the country, for example German Weißrussland and Swedish Vitryssland.
BELARUS' (Country) Belarusian
Alternate transcription of Belarusian Беларусь (see BELARUS).
BELÉN (Settlement) Spanish, Biblical Spanish
Spanish form of BETHLEHEM.
BELGIA (Country) Finnish, Romanian, Norwegian, Polish
Finnish, Romanian, Norwegian and Polish form of BELGIUM.
BÉLGICA (Country) Spanish
Spanish form of BELGIUM.
BELGICA (Region & Political Subdivision) Ancient Roman
Derived from the Belgae, a Celtic-Germanic confederation of tribes that inhabited northern Gaul (modern Belgium). Their name is probably derived from a Celtic root meaning "to swell with anger".
BELGICKO (Country) Slovak
Slovak form of BELGIUM.
BELGIE (Country) Czech
Czech form of BELGIUM.
BELGIË (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of BELGIUM.
BELGIEN (Country) German, Swedish, Danish
German, Swedish and Danish form of BELGIUM.
BELGIO (Country) Italian
Italian form of BELGIUM.
BELGIQUE (Country) French
French form of BELGIUM.
BELGIUM (Country) English
From Latin BELGICA, a province in the Roman Empire. Since 1830 this is the name of a country in western Europe. Dutch and French are the main spoken languages.
BELGIYA (Country) Russian, Bulgarian
Russian and Bulgarian form of BELGIUM.
BELICE (Country & River) Spanish
Spanish form of BELIZE.
BELIZE (Country & River) English, Italian, Portuguese, German, Dutch
From Spanish Belice, earlier Balis, from the name of the Belize River, which may itself be from Mayan beliz meaning "muddy water". This is the name of a country on the Atlantic coast of Central America.
BELORUSIJA (Country) Serbian
Serbian form of BELARUS.
BELORUSSIYA (Country) Russian
Russian variant of BELARUS.
BENTLEY (Settlement) English
From Old English beonet "bent grass" and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of several English towns.
BENTON (Settlement) English
From Old English beonet "bent grass" and tun "enclosure". This is the name of towns in England.
BERGAMO (Settlement) Italian, English
From Latin Bergomum, possibly from a Celtic word meaning "mountain". This is the name of a city in northern Italy.
BERGOMUM (Settlement) Ancient Roman
Latin form of BERGAMO.
BERLIN (Settlement) German, English, French, Polish, Hungarian, Croatian, Serbian
City in Germany, the name of which is of uncertain meaning. It is possibly derived from an Old Slavic stem berl- meaning "swamp".
BETÂNIA (Settlement) Biblical Portuguese
Portuguese form of BETHANY.
BETANIA (Settlement) Biblical Spanish, Biblical Italian
Spanish and Italian form of BETHANY.
BETHANIA (Settlement) Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Form of BETHANY used in the Greek and Latin New Testament.
BETHANY (Settlement) Biblical
From Greek Βηθανια (Bethania), which is of uncertain meaning. The first part of the name is derived from Hebrew/Aramaic בַּיִת (bayit) meaning "house". Suggestions for the second part of the name include עָנָה ('anah) leading to "house of affliction" or תְּאֵנָה (te'enah) leading to "house of figs". In the New Testament the town of Bethany is the home of Lazarus and his sisters Mary and Martha.
BETHEL (Settlement) Biblical
Means "house of God" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is a town north of Jerusalem, where Jacob saw his vision of the stairway.
BETHLÉEM (Settlement) French
French form of BETHLEHEM.
BETHLEEM (Settlement) Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Form of BETHLEHEM used in the Greek and Latin Bibles.
BETHLEHEM (Settlement) English, German, Dutch, Biblical
Means "house of bread" in Hebrew, from the roots בַּיִת (bayit) meaning "house" and לֶחֶם (lechem) meaning "bread". This is the name of a city in Palestine. It appears in the both the Old Testament and the New Testament, notably as the town where Jesus is born.
BETLEHEM (Settlement) Slovak
Slovak form of BETHLEHEM.
BETLÉM (Settlement) Czech
Czech form of BETHLEHEM.
BETLEMME (Settlement) Italian
Italian form of BETHLEHEM.
BEVERLEY (Settlement) English
From Old English beofor "beaver" and (possibly) licc "stream". This is the name of a city in eastern England.
BHARAT (Country) Indian, Hindi, Marathi, Bengali, Gujarati, Assamese
From the name of the mythological king BHARATA. This is the endonym for India in many of the languages of northern India.
BHARATA (Country) Sanskrit
Sanskrit form of BHARAT.
BHAROT (Country) Bengali
Alternate transcription of Bengali ভারত (see BHARAT).
BIAŁORUŚ (Country) Polish
Polish form of BELARUS.
BIELORRÚSSIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese variant of BELARUS.
BIELORUSSIA (Country) Italian
Italian form of BELARUS.
BILORUS (Country) Ukrainian
Ukrainian form of BELARUS.
BIRMA (Country) German
German form of BURMA.
BIRMÂNIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of BURMA.
BIRMANIA (Country) Spanish, Italian
Spanish and Italian form of BURMA.
BIRMANIE (Country) French
French form of BURMA.
BJELORUSIJA (Country) Croatian
Croatian form of BELARUS.
BLACKBURN (Settlement) English
From Old English blæc "black" and burna "stream". This is the name of a city in Lancashire, England.
BLAKESLEY (Settlement) English
From the Old English byname Blæcwulf "black wolf" combined with leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of a city in Northamptonshire.
BLIDWORTH (Settlement) English
From the Old English byname Blīþa "happy, blithe" and worþ "enclosure". This is the name of a town in Nottinghamshire, England.
BLOXHAM (Settlement) English
From the Old English byname Blocca and ham meaning "home, homestead". This is the name of a town in Oxfordshire.
BOHÊME (Region) French
French form of BOHEMIA.
BOHEMIA (Region) English, Spanish, Late Roman
From Latin Boiohaemum, from the name of the Gaulish tribe the Boii combined with Germanic heim "home". This is the name of a historical region within the Czech Republic. The region is called Čechy in Czech, while the country is called Česko.
BÖHMEN (Region) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of BOHEMIA.
BOHON (Settlement) French
Meaning unknown. This is the name of a town in Manche, France.
BOIOHAEMUM (Region) Ancient Roman
Latin form of BOHEMIA (mentioned in Tacitus' 1st-century book Germania).
BOLGARIYA (Country) Russian
Russian form of BULGARIA.
BOLÍVIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of BOLIVIA.
BOLIVIA (Country) Spanish, English, Italian
From the surname BOLÍVAR, in honour of the revolutionary Simón Bolívar. This is the name of a country in South America.
BOLIVIE (Country) French
French form of BOLIVIA.
BOLIVIEN (Country) German
German form of BOLIVIA.
BOLL (Settlement) German
From Middle High German meaning "hill". This is the name of several towns in Germany.
BOLOGNA (Settlement) Italian, English, German
From Latin Bononia, possibly derived from a Celtic word meaning "settlement". This is the name of a city in northern Italy.
BOLOGNE (Settlement) French
French form of BOLOGNA.
BOLONIA (Settlement) Spanish
Spanish form of BOLOGNA.
BONONIA (Settlement) Ancient Roman
Latin form of BOLOGNA.
BORJA (Settlement) Spanish
From Arabic بُرْج (burj) meaning "tower". This is the name of a town in Aragon, Spain.
BRACKENRIG (Settlement) Scots
From Middle English braken meaning "bracken" (via Old Norse brækni) and rigg meaning "ridge" (via Old Norse hryggr). This is the name of several Scottish towns.
BRADFORD (Settlement) English
From Old English brad "broad" and ford "ford, river crossing". This is the name of a city in West Yorkshire, as well as several other towns.
BRADLEY (Settlement) English
From Old English brad "broad" and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of several towns in England.
BRASIL (Country) Portuguese, Spanish, Norwegian
Portuguese, Spanish and Norwegian form of BRAZIL.
BRASILE (Country) Italian
Italian form of BRAZIL.
BRASILIEN (Country) German, Swedish, Danish
German, Swedish and Danish form of BRAZIL.
BRAZIL (Country) English, Croatian, Serbian
From the name of a type of tree, called pau-brasil in Portuguese (brazilwood in English). It may ultimately derive from Portuguese brasa meaning "ember". This is the name of a country in South America.
BRAZILIË (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of BRAZIL.
BRAZILIYA (Country) Russian, Bulgarian
Russian and Bulgarian form of BRAZIL.
BREIZH (Region) Breton
Breton form of BRITAIN and BRITTANY. Great Britain is called Breizh-Veur in Breton.
BRÉSIL (Country) French
French form of BRAZIL.
BRETAGNA (Region) Italian
Italian form of BRITAIN and BRITTANY. Great Britain is called Gran Bretagna in Italian.
BRETAGNE (Region) French, German
French form of Britannia (see BRITAIN). In French this typically refers to the region known as Brittany in France, while Great Britain is called Grande-Bretagne.
BRETAIGNE (Region) Medieval French
Old French form of Britannia (see BRITAIN).
BRETAÑA (Region) Spanish
Spanish form of BRITAIN and BRITTANY. Great Britain is called Gran Bretaña in Spanish.
BRISTOL (Settlement) English
Name of a city in southwest England, derived from Old English Brycgstow meaning "the site of the bridge".
BRITAIN (Region) English
From Britannia, the Latin name for the island of Great Britain, the land of the Britons. It derives from the name of the Britons, recorded in Greek in the 4th century BC as Πρεττανικη (Prettanike), and reconstructed as Proto-Brythonic *Priteni, possibly meaning "tattooed people".
BRITANNIA (Region) Ancient Roman
Latin form of BRITAIN.
BRITANNIEN (Region) German, Swedish, Danish
German, Swedish and Danish form of BRITAIN.
BRITTANY (Region) English
From Britannia (see BRITAIN). This is the name of a region in northwestern France, so called because many Britons settled there after the fall of the Western Roman Empire. It had earlier been called Armorica. In the Middle Ages it was sometimes called Britannia Minor to distinguish it from the island of Great Britain. In French, both the island and the region are called Bretagne.
BRODIE (Settlement) English
Probably from Gaelic broth meaning "ditch, mire". This is the name of an estate and castle in Moray, Scotland.
BROOKLYN (Settlement) English
Name of a borough of New York City, originally derived from the Dutch town of Breukelen meaning either "broken land" (from Dutch breuk) or "marsh land" (from Dutch broek).
BUCKLEY (Settlement) English
From Old English bucc "buck, male deer" and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of a few minor towns in England.
BUDA (Settlement) Hungarian
Possibly from the given name BLEDA (which belonged to the brother of Attila the Hun). This was the name of a Hungarian city on the west bank of the Danube. Today it is a part of Budapest, having merged with Pest in 1873.
BUDAPEST (Settlement) Hungarian, English, German, French, Italian, Spanish
Combination of BUDA and PEST, two cities that merged in 1873. This is the name of the capital city of Hungary.
BULGARIA (Country) Late Roman, English, Spanish, Italian
From the name of the Turkic tribe of the Bulgars, possibly from a Turkic root meaning "mixed". This is the name of a country in southeastern Europe.
BULGARIE (Country) French
French form of BULGARIA.
BULGARIEN (Country) German
German form of BULGARIA.
BUREN (Settlement) Dutch
From Old Dutch bur "house, dwelling". This is a small town on the island of Ameland in the north of the Netherlands, as well as a small city in Gelderland.
BURMA (Country) English
From Burmese ဗမာ (Bama), a variant of မြန်မာ (see MYANMAR). This is an older name for Myanmar.
BURNHAM (Settlement) English
From Old English burna "stream, spring" and ham "home". This is the name of several towns in England.
BURTON (Settlement) English
From Old English burg "fortress, castle" and tun "enclosure". This is the name of several English towns.
BUSTILLO (Settlement) Spanish
From a diminutive of Late Latin bustum meaning "ox pasture". This is the name of towns in Spain.
BUSTO (Settlement) Spanish, Italian
From Late Latin bustum meaning "ox pasture". This is the name of several towns in Spain and Italy.
ČAD (Body of Water & Country) Czech, Slovak, Serbian, Croatian, Slovene
Czech, Slovak, Serbian, Croatian and Slovene form of CHAD.
CAIATIA (Settlement) Ancient Roman
Latin form of CAIAZZO.
CAIAZZO (Settlement) Italian
From Latin Caiatia, a derivative of the given name CAIUS. This is the name of a city near Naples.
CAIRO (Settlement) English
From Arabic القاهرة (al-Qahirah) meaning "the victorious", in honour of the conquering Fatimid caliph al-Mu'izz li Din Allah (932-975). This is the name of the capital city of Egypt.
CAIVANO (Settlement) Italian
From Latin Calvianum, a derivative of the cognomen CALVUS. This is the name of a city near Naples.
CALE (Settlement) Ancient Roman
Possibly from Celtic gall meaning "Gaul, Celt". This was the name of an ancient town in what is now Portugal, near the modern city of Porto.
CALVIANUM (Settlement) Ancient Roman
Latin form of CAIVANO.
CANADA (Country) English, French, Italian, Dutch, Danish, Norwegian
Derived from the Iroquoian word kanata meaning "village". This word was used by Native Americans to direct French explorer Jacques Cartier to Stadacona. Cartier used the word to refer to the region.
CANADÁ (Country) Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of CANADA.
CANTIUM (Region) Ancient Roman
Latin form of KENT.
CARLISLE (Settlement) English
Originally called by the Romans Luguvalium meaning "stronghold of LUGUS". Later the Brythonic element ker "fort" was appended to the name of the city. This is the name of a city in Cumbria in northern England.
CARMEL (Mountain) Biblical, Biblical Latin
Form of KARMEL used in the Latin and English Bibles.
CARPATES (Region) Ancient Roman
Latin form of CARPATHIANS.
CARPATHIANS (Region) English
From Latin Carpates, possibly related to the Dacian tribe of the Capri, maybe derived from an Indo-European root meaning "rock, cliff". This is the name of a mountain range in eastern Europe stretching from Slovakia to Romania.
CARPAȚI (Region) Romanian
Romanian form of CARPATHIANS.
CASTELA (Region) Portuguese
Portuguese form of CASTILE.
CASTILE (Region) English
From Spanish Castilla, ultimately from Late Latin castellum meaning "castle". This was the name of a medieval kingdom in Spain.
CASTILLA (Region) Spanish
Spanish form of CASTILE.
CASTILLE (Region) French
French form of CASTILE.
CATALOGNA (Region & Political Subdivision) Italian
Italian form of CATALONIA.
CATALOGNE (Region & Political Subdivision) French
French form of CATALONIA.
CATALONIA (Region & Political Subdivision) English
From Catalan Catalunya, of uncertain meaning, possibly from Latin castellum "castle" or Gauthia Launia "land of the Goths". This is the name of a region in eastern Spain.
CATALUÑA (Region) Spanish
Spanish form of CATALONIA.
CATALUNYA (Region & Political Subdivision) Catalan
Catalan form of CATALONIA.
CATHAY (Country) English
From Old Turkic Khitai, the name of a people who ruled northern China as the Liao dynasty from the 10th to 12th century, also called the Khitan people. This is an archaic English synonym for China.
CAVAN (Political Subdivision) Irish
Derived from Irish cabhán meaning "hollow". This is the name of an Irish country.
CAWSTON (Settlement) English
From the Old Norse given name KÁLFR combined with Old English tun meaning "enclosure, yard, town". This is the name of towns in Norfolk and Warwickshire.
CEASTER (Settlement) Anglo-Saxon
Old English form of CHESTER.
CECHIA (Country) Italian
Italian form of ČECHY, used as a name for the Czech Republic.
ČECHY (Region) Czech, Slovak
From the name of the Slavic tribe of the Czechs, probably derived from the Slavic root čelo meaning "family, tribe". This is the Czech name of Bohemia, while the Czech Republic is called Česko.
CENT (Region) Anglo-Saxon
Old English form of KENT.
ČESKO (Country) Czech, Slovak
From the name of the Slavic tribe of the Czechs (see ČECHY). This is the Czech name for the Czech Republic.
ČESKOSLOVENSKO (Country) Czech, Slovak
Czech and Slovak form of CZECHOSLOVAKIA.
CESTRESCIR (Region) Anglo-Saxon
Old English form of CHESHIRE.
CHAD (Body of Water & Country) English, Spanish
From Arabic تشاد (Tshad), derived from a Kanuri word meaning "lake, large expanse of water". This is the name of a lake in central Africa, as well as the country that is named after it. The lake also borders Niger, Nigeria and Cameroon.
CHADE (Body of Water & Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of CHAD.
CHADWICK (Settlement) English
Means "village belonging to CHAD" in Old English. This is the name of towns in Lancashire and Warwickshire.
CHAOXIAN (Country) Chinese
Chinese form of JOSEON, used in mainland China to refer to Korea.
CHAVES (Settlement) Portuguese, Spanish
From the Roman name FLAVIUS. This is the name of a Portuguese city, which was originally named for the Roman emperor Vespasian, whose family name was Flavius.
CHELSEA (Settlement) English
Originally derived from Old English and meaning "landing place for chalk or limestone". This is a district in London.
CHESHIRE (Region & Political Subdivision) English
Shortened form of Chestershire, a combination of CHESTER and shire.
CHESTER (Settlement) English
From Latin castrum meaning "camp, fortress". This is the name of a city in Cheshire, England.
CHIN (Country) Indian, Hindi, Persian
Hindi and Persian form of CHINA.
CHINA (Country) English, German, Dutch, Spanish, Portuguese, Romanian, Sanskrit
From Persian چین (Chin), probably derived via Sanskrit चीन (China) from Qin, the name of a dynasty that ruled in China in the 3rd century BC. In China the name Zhongguo is used to refer to the country.
CHINE (Country) French
French form of CHINA.
CHINY (Country) Polish
Polish form of CHINA.