Region Place Names

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ABILENE (Region) Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Probably from Hebrew אָבֵל ('avel) meaning "meadow, grassy place". This is the name of a place briefly mentioned in the New Testament.
ÁFRICA (Region) Spanish
Spanish form of AFRICA.
AFRICA (Region) English, Ancient Roman
Of Latin origin, possibly from the Afri people who lived near Carthage in North Africa.
ALBANIA (Region & Country) Late Roman, English, Spanish, Italian
Medieval Latin name for the region that was once occupied by the Illyrian tribe called Albanoi. This is the name of a country in the Balkans.
ALEMANNIA (Region) Ancient Roman
Latin name for the lands where the Alemanni lived. The Alemanni were a confederation of Germanic tribes who lived around the upper Rhine River in the time of the Roman Empire.
AMÉRICA (Region) Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of AMERICA, used to refer to the continents.
AMERICA (Region & Country) English, Italian, Romanian, Late Roman
From the name of the explorer AMERIGO Vespucci (1451-1512). This is the name of two continents (North and South America). As well, it is commonly used to refer to the United States of America.
AMERİKA (Region & Country) Turkish
Turkish form of AMERICA.
AMERIKA (Region & Country) German, Dutch, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish, Russian, Croatian, Serbian, Hungarian
Form of AMERICA, used to refer to the continents and sometimes to the United States of America.
AMÉRIQUE (Region & Country) French
French form of AMERICA.
AMERYKA (Region & Country) Polish, Ukrainian
Polish and Ukrainian form of AMERICA, used to refer to the continents and the United States of America.
ANATOLIA (Region) Ancient Greek
From Greek ανατολη (anatole) meaning "sunrise", a term used by the Greeks to refer to the peninsula to the east (modern Turkey).
ANGEL (Region) Danish
Possibly derived from Germanic roots meaning "narrow, tight, tapering" or "hook". This is the name of a peninsula in northern Germany near Denmark, the original home of the Germanic tribe the Angles.
ANGELN (Region) German
German form of ANGEL.
ANGLIA (Country & Region) Late Roman, Polish, Hungarian, Romanian
Late Latin form of ENGLAND (and also of ANGEL).
ÅSGARD (Region) Norse Mythology
Norwegian form of ASGARD.
ASGÅRD (Region) Norse Mythology
Swedish and Danish form of ASGARD.
ASGARD (Region) Norse Mythology (Anglicized)
English form of Old Norse Ásgarðr meaning "enclosure of the Æsir", composed of Old Norse áss meaning "god, Æsir" and garðr meaning "enclosure, stronghold". This is the name of the home of the Æsir gods in Norse Mythology.
ÁSGARÐR (Region) Norse Mythology
Old Norse form of ASGARD.
ÁSGARÐUR (Region) Norse Mythology
Icelandic form of ASGARD.
ASHUR (Settlement & Region) English, Arabic, Persian, Akkadian
From Akkadian 𒀸𒋩 (Assur), meaning unknown. This was the capital city of the Assyrian Empire, supposedly named for the god Ashur, though the god was in fact probably named for the city. The empire, Assyria, was also named for it. The city was destroyed in the 14th century by the forces of Tamerlane.... [more]
ASHURAYU (Region) Akkadian
Akkadian form of ASSYRIA.
ASIA (Region) English, Italian, Ancient Greek
Perhaps derived from Akkadian asu, meaning "east".
ASSIRIA (Region) Italian
Italian form of ASSYRIA.
ASSYRIA (Region) English, Ancient Roman, Ancient Greek
From Greek Ασσυρια (Assyria), derived from Akkadian Ashurayu, itself from the name of the empire's capital city ASHUR. This was the name of an ancient Mesopotamian kingdom and empire.
ASSYRIE (Region) French
French form of ASSYRIA.
ATTICA (Region) English, Ancient Roman
From Greek Αττικη (Attike), derived from the name of the city of Αθηναι (see ATHENS). This is the name of the peninsula where Athens is located.
ATTIKE (Region) Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek form of ATTICA.
ATTIKI (Region) Greek
Modern Greek form of ATTICA.
AUSTRÁLIA (Region & Country) Portuguese, Slovak
Portuguese and Slovak form of AUSTRALIA.
AUSTRALIA (Region & Country) English, Italian, Spanish, Norwegian, Finnish, Polish
Derived from Latin australis meaning "southern". It was formally adopted as the name of the continent (and later country) by the British administrators of the region in 1824.
AUSTRÁLIE (Region & Country) Czech
Czech form of AUSTRALIA.
AUSTRALIE (Region & Country) French
French form of AUSTRALIA.
AUSTRALIË (Region & Country) Dutch
Dutch form of AUSTRALIA.
AUSTRALIEN (Region & Country) German, Swedish, Danish
German, Swedish and Danish form of AUSTRALIA.
BELGICA (Region & Political Subdivision) Ancient Roman
Derived from the Belgae, a Celtic-Germanic confederation of tribes that inhabited northern Gaul (modern Belgium). Their name is probably derived from a Celtic root meaning "to swell with anger".
BOHÊME (Region) French
French form of BOHEMIA.
BOHEMIA (Region) English, Spanish, Late Roman
From Latin Boiohaemum, from the name of the Gaulish tribe the Boii combined with Germanic heim "home". This is the name of a historical region within the Czech Republic. The region is called Čechy in Czech, while the country is called Česko.
BÖHMEN (Region) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of BOHEMIA.
BOIOHAEMUM (Region) Ancient Roman
Latin form of BOHEMIA (mentioned in Tacitus' 1st-century book Germania).
BREIZH (Region) Breton
Breton form of BRITAIN and BRITTANY. Great Britain is called Breizh-Veur in Breton.
BRETAGNA (Region) Italian
Italian form of BRITAIN and BRITTANY. Great Britain is called Gran Bretagna in Italian.
BRETAGNE (Region) French, German
French form of Britannia (see BRITAIN). In French this typically refers to the region known as Brittany in France, while Great Britain is called Grande-Bretagne.
BRETAIGNE (Region) Medieval French
Old French form of Britannia (see BRITAIN).
BRETAÑA (Region) Spanish
Spanish form of BRITAIN and BRITTANY. Great Britain is called Gran Bretaña in Spanish.
BRITAIN (Region) English
From Britannia, the Latin name for the island of Great Britain, the land of the Britons. It derives from the name of the Britons, recorded in Greek in the 4th century BC as Πρεττανικη (Prettanike), and reconstructed as Proto-Brythonic *Priteni, possibly meaning "tattooed people".
BRITANNIA (Region) Ancient Roman
Latin form of BRITAIN.
BRITANNIEN (Region) German
German form of BRITAIN.
BRITTANY (Region) English
From Britannia (see BRITAIN). This is the name of a region in northwestern France, so called because many Britons settled there after the fall of the Western Roman Empire. It had earlier been called Armorica. In the Middle Ages it was sometimes called Britannia Minor to distinguish it from the island of Great Britain. In French, both the island and the region are called Bretagne.
CANTIUM (Region) Ancient Roman
Latin form of KENT.
CARPATES (Region) Ancient Roman
Latin form of CARPATHIANS.
CARPATHIANS (Region) English
From Latin Carpates, possibly related to the Dacian tribe of the Capri, maybe derived from an Indo-European root meaning "rock, cliff". This is the name of a mountain range in eastern Europe stretching from Slovakia to Romania.
CARPAȚI (Region) Romanian
Romanian form of CARPATHIANS.
CASTELA (Region) Portuguese
Portuguese form of CASTILE.
CASTILE (Region) English
From Spanish Castilla, ultimately from Late Latin castellum meaning "castle". This was the name of a medieval kingdom in Spain.
CASTILLA (Region) Spanish
Spanish form of CASTILE.
CASTILLE (Region) French
French form of CASTILE.
CATALOGNA (Region) Italian
Italian form of CATALONIA.
CATALOGNE (Region) French
French form of CATALONIA.
CATALONIA (Region) English
From Catalan Catalunya, of uncertain meaning, possibly from Latin castellum "castle" or Gauthia Launia "land of the Goths". This is the name of a region in eastern Spain.
CATALUÑA (Region) Spanish
Spanish form of CATALONIA.
CATALUNYA (Region) Catalan
Catalan form of CATALONIA.
ČECHY (Region) Czech, Slovak
From the name of the Slavic tribe of the Czechs, probably derived from the Slavic root čelo meaning "family, tribe". This is the Czech name of Bohemia, while the Czech Republic is called Česko.
CENT (Region) Anglo-Saxon
Old English form of KENT.
CESTRESCIR (Region) Anglo-Saxon
Old English form of CHESHIRE.
CHESHIRE (Region & Political Subdivision) English
Shortened form of Chestershire, a combination of CHESTER and shire.
CHOSUN (Region & Country) Korean
Alternate transcription of Korean Hangul 조선 (see JOSEON).
CHŪGOKU (Country & Region) Japanese
Japanese form of ZHONGGUO, used to refer to China. It is also the name of a region in western Japan.
CHUUGOKU (Country & Region) Japanese
Alternate transcription of Japanese Kanji 中国 (see CHŪGOKU).
COLUMBIA (Region, Settlement, Political Subdivision & River) English, Italian, Spanish
Named after the explorer Christopher Columbus, called Cristoforo Colombo in Italian (see the surname COLOMBO). This is the name of several cities in the Americas (including the District of Columbia, also called Washington D.C.), and a river in Canada and the United States. It is also a name used historically to refer to the New World.
CZECHY (Region & Country) Polish
Polish form of ČECHY, used to refer both to the region of Bohemia and the larger Czech Republic.
'EDEN (Region) Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of EDEN.
EDEN (Region) Hebrew, Biblical
Possibly from Hebrew עֵדֶן ('eden) meaning "pleasure, delight", or perhaps derived from Sumerian 𒂔 (edin) meaning "plain". According to the Old Testament the Garden of Eden was the place where the first people, Adam and Eve, lived before they were expelled.
FLANDERS (Region) English
From Middle Dutch Vlander, from a Germanic root meaning "waterlogged", referring to the marshy landscape of Flanders. This is the name of the northern portion of Belgium.
FLANDRE (Region) French
French form of FLANDERS.
FORUM IULII (Settlement & Region) Ancient Roman
Latin form of FRIULI, the name of both the region and the town.
FRANCONIA (Region) Late Roman, English, Italian, Spanish
Latin name derived from Frank, the name of a Germanic tribe. This is the name of a region in southern Germany.
FRANKEN (Region) German, Dutch, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish
German form of FRANCONIA.
FRIULI (Region) Italian, English, Spanish
From the name of the Roman town of Forum Iulii (now called Cividale del Friuli) meaning "forum of Julius". This is the name of a region in northeast Italy.
FURLANIJA (Region) Slovene
Slovene form of FRIULI.
GETHSEMANE (Region) Biblical
From Γεθσημανι (Gethsemani), the Greek form of an Aramaic place name meaning "oil press". In the New Testament this is the name of the garden where Jesus was arrested, located on the Mount of Olives near Jerusalem.
GETHSEMANI (Region) Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Form of GETHSEMANE used in the Greek and Latin Bibles.
GORYEO (Region) Korean
Possibly means "walled city" or "center" in Korean. This was the name of a kingdom that ruled most of the Korean Peninsula. The name Korea is based on it.
GUINÉ (Region, Country & Island) Portuguese
Portuguese form of GUINEA.
GUINEA (Region, Country & Island) English, Italian, Spanish, German
From Portuguese Guiné, which is of unknown meaning, possibly of Berber origin. This name was used by the Portuguese to refer to a portion of western Africa. It was also applied by westerners to the island of New Guinea starting in the 16th century. It is now the name or part of the name of the countries of Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Equatorial Guinea and Papua New Guinea.
GUINÉE (Region, Country & Island) French
French form of GUINEA.
HANGUK (Region) Korean
From Sino-Korean (han) meaning "Korea" and (guk) meaning "country, land". This is the term used in South Korea to refer to South Korea or the entire Korean Peninsula.
HOLSTEEN (Political Subdivision & Region) Low German
Low German form of HOLSTEIN.
HOLSTEIN (Political Subdivision & Region) German, English, Dutch
From the name of a Saxon tribe, derived from Old Saxon holt meaning "wood" and sat meaning "inhabitant". This is the name of a historical region in Germany, near the Danish border. It forms part of the name of the modern German state of Schleswig-Holstein.
HOLSTEN (Political Subdivision & Region) Danish
Danish form of HOLSTEIN.
JOSEON (Region & Country) Korean
This was the name of two kingdoms in the history of Korea. The first was conquered by the Han Empire in the 2nd century BC. The second ruled Korea from the 14th century until the 19th century. The name of these kingdoms was written using the Sino-Korean characters (jo) meaning "dynasty" and (seon) meaning "new", though the actual origin is assumed to be Korean. This name is now used in North Korea to refer to the country of North Korea.
KARPATI (Region) Serbian, Croatian
Serbian and Croatian form of CARPATHIANS.
KÁRPÁTOK (Region) Hungarian
Hungarian form of CARPATHIANS.
KARPATY (Region) Polish, Slovak, Czech
Polish, Slovak and Czech form of CARPATHIANS.
KORDESTAN (Region) Persian
Persian form of KURDISTAN.
KÜRDİSTAN (Region) Turkish
Turkish form of KURDISTAN.
KURDISTAN (Region) Kurdish, Arabic, English, French, German, Russian
From Kurdish کوردستان (Kurdistan), from the Persian ethnic name کرد (Kord) meaning "Kurd" combined with the Persian suffix ستان (stan) meaning "land of". This is the name of the region in the midst of Iran, Iraq and Turkey that is primarily inhabited by the Kurdish people.
LATHARN (Region) Scottish
Scottish Gaelic form of LORNE.
LECHI (Region) Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of LEHI.
LEHI (Region) Biblical
Means "jawbone" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of the site where the hero Samson killed 1,000 men using only a donkey's jawbone.
LENNOX (Region) Scottish
From Gaelic Leamhnachd, possibly meaning "lace of elms". This is the name of a district in Scotland.
LESSELYN (Region) Medieval Scottish
Probably from Gaelic leas celyn meaning "garden of holly". This was the name of a location in Aberdeenshire.
LINDSEY (Region) English
Means "LINCOLN island" in Old English. This is the name of a region and historical kingdom in Lincolnshire.
LORNE (Region) English
Possibly from the name of the legendary king of Dál Riata, Loarn mac Eirc. This is the name of a region in western Scotland.
LYDIA (Region) Ancient Greek, English
An ancient region on the west coast of Asia Minor, said to be named for the legendary king LYDOS.
MAGHREB (Region) English
English form of MAGHRIB (the region).
MAGHRIB (Region & Country) Arabic
From Arabic المغرب (al-Maghrib) meaning "the place of the sunset, the west". This is the Arabic name of Morocco as well as the entire region of western North Africa (known as the Maghreb in English). In Arabic the name is usually written with the definite article: المغرب (al-Maghrib).
MENGGU (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) Chinese
Chinese form of MONGOLIA.
MŌKO (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) Japanese
Japanese form of MONGOLIA.
MONGGO (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) Korean
Korean form of MONGOLIA.
MONGHOLIYA (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) Kazakh
Kazakh form of MONGOLIA.
MONGOL (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) Mongolian
Mongolian form of MONGOLIA.
MONGOLEI (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) German
German form of MONGOLIA.
MONGÓLIA (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) Portuguese
Portuguese form of MONGOLIA.
MONGOLIA (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) English, Spanish, Italian
From Mongolian монгол (mongol), the name for the Mongolian people, possibly from монг (mong) meaning "brave". This the name of a region in eastern Asia, now divided between the country of Mongolia (historically called Outer Mongolia) and the Chinese region of Inner Mongolia.
MONGOLIE (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) French
French form of MONGOLIA.
MONGOLIË (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) Dutch
Dutch form of MONGOLIA.
MONGOLIYA (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) Russian, Bulgarian
Russian and Bulgarian form of MONGOLIA.
MONHOLIYA (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) Ukrainian
Ukrainian form of MONGOLIA.
MORAY (Region & Political Subdivision) Scottish
From Gaelic Muireb meaning "seaboard settlement". This is the name of a historical region in Scotland, as well as a modern council area.
MOUKO (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) Japanese
Alternate transcription of Japanese Kanji 蒙古 (see MŌKO).
NUBIA (Region) English, Late Roman
Possibly derives from the Egyptian word nbw meaning "gold". This was the name of an ancient region and kingdom in Africa, south of Egypt.
NYSA (Region) Greek Mythology
Possibly from an archaic Greek word meaning "tree". In Greek mythology Nysa was the mountainous region where young Dionysos was raised.
PORTUGALE (Region) Late Roman
Later form of PORTUS CALE, referring to the area around the city.
PROVENÇA (Region) Provençal
Provençal form of PROVENCE.
PROVENCE (Region) French, English, German
From Latin provincia meaning "province", a Roman territorial division. This is the name a region in southern France, originally acquiring its name because it was the first Roman province beyond the Alps.
PROVENZA (Region) Italian, Spanish
Italian and Spanish form of PROVENCE.
ROES (Region) Dutch
Dutch form of RUS.
ROMAGNA (Region & Political Subdivision) Italian, English, German
From Latin ROMANIA, in this case the name of a historic region on the Adriatic coast of Italy (part of the modern administrative region of Emilia-Romagna).
ROMAGNE (Region & Political Subdivision) French
French form of ROMAGNA.
ROMAÑA (Region & Political Subdivision) Spanish
Spanish form of ROMAGNA.
ROMANIA (Country & Region) English, Italian, Ancient Roman
From Latin meaning "land of the Romans" (see ROME). This is the name of a country in eastern Europe, so named in the 16th century because of its historic and linguistic connections to the Roman Empire.... [more]
ROSS (Region & Settlement) Scottish
From Scottish Gaelic ros meaning "promontory". This is the name of a historic region in northern Scotland, as well as towns in Scotland and northern England.
RUS (Region) Russian, Ukrainian, English, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
Possibly of Old Norse origin meaning "rowers". This was the name of a medieval Slavic state of eastern Europe.
RUS' (Region) Belarusian
Belarusian form of RUS.
RUŚ (Region) Polish
Polish form of RUS.
SACHSEN (Region & Political Subdivision) German
German form of SAXONY.
SÁRKÖZ (Region) Hungarian
Derived from Hungarian sár "mud" and köz "margin, lane". This is the name of a region in Hungary.
SAXONY (Region & Political Subdivision) English
From the name of the Germanic tribe of the Saxons, ultimately derived from Germanic sahs meaning "knife". This is the name of a historical region in Germany, and appears in the names of the German states of Saxony, Lower Saxony and Saxony-Anhalt.
SCHLESIEN (Region) German
German form of SILESIA.
SHARON (Region) Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Means "plain" in Hebrew, referring to the fertile plain near the coast of Israel.
SILESIA (Region) English, Spanish, Ancient Roman
From Mount ŚLĘŻA or the River ŚLĘZA. This is the name of a historical region in southern Poland, with portions in the Czech Republic and Germany.
SILÉSIE (Region) French
French form of SILESIA.
ŚLĄSK (Region) Polish
Polish form of SILESIA.
SLEZSKO (Region) Czech
Czech form of SILESIA.
SYRIA (Country & Region) English, Polish, Ancient Roman, Ancient Greek
From Greek Συρια (Syria), which was probably a variant of ASSYRIA, used in an expanded sense to refer to the northern Levant. This was the name of a province of the Roman Empire. It is now the name of a country in western Asia, having gained independence from the Ottoman Empire early in the 20th century.
SZABOLCS (Settlement & Region) Hungarian
From the given name SZABOLCS. This is the name of a town and a region in Hungary.
URAL (Region & River) Russian, English, German, Turkish, Bashkir
Meaning unknown, possibly from Turkic aral meaning "island, boundary". This is the name of a mountain range and a river in western Russia.
VALENCE (Settlement & Region) French
French form of VALENCIA.
VALÈNCIA (Settlement & Region) Catalan
Catalan (Valencian) form of VALENCIA.
VALENCIA (Settlement & Region) Spanish, Italian, English, German
The name of a city and surrounding region in eastern Spain, originally named in Latin Valentia (Edetanorum) meaning "strength (of the Edetani people)", and derived from Latin valentius "strength, vigour", from valens "strong, vigorous". Besides the city in Spain, this is also the name of a city in Venezuala.
VALENTIA (Settlement & Region) Ancient Roman
Latin form of VALENCIA.
VLAANDEREN (Region) Dutch
Dutch form of FLANDERS.
VLANDER (Region) Medieval Dutch
Middle Dutch form of FLANDERS.