ALBANIA (Region & Country) Late Roman, English, Spanish, Italian
Medieval Latin name for the region which was once occupied by the Illyrian tribe called Albanoi. This is the name of a country in the Balkans.
ALEMANNIA (Region) Ancient Roman
Latin name for the lands where the Alemanni lived. The Alemanni were a confederation of Germanic tribes who lived around the upper Rhine river in the time of the Roman Empire.
AMERICA (Region & Country) English, Italian, Romanian, Late Roman
From the name of the explorer AMERIGO
Vespucci (1451-1512). This is the name of two continents (North and South America). As well, it is commonly used to refer to the United States of America.
AMERYKA (Region & Country) Polish
Polish form of AMERICA
, used to refer to the continents and the United States of America.
ANGEL (Region) Danish
Possibly derived from Germanic roots meaning "narrow, tight, tapering" or "hook". This is the name of a peninsula in northern Germany near Denmark, the original home of the Germanic tribe the Angles.
ASHUR (Settlement & Region) English, Arabic, Persian, Akkadian
From Akkadian 𒀸𒋩 (Assur)
, meaning unknown. This was the capital city of the Assyrian Empire, supposedly named for the god Ashur
, though the god was in fact probably named for the city. The empire, Assyria, was also named for it. The city was destroyed in the 14th century by the forces of Tamerlane.... [more]
BELGICA (Region & Political Subdivision) Ancient Roman
Derived from the Belgae
, a Celtic-Germanic confederation of tribes that inhabited northern Gaul (modern Belgium
). Their name is probably derived from a Celtic root meaning "to swell with anger".
BOHEMIA (Region) English, Spanish, Late Roman
From Latin Boiohaemum
, from the name of the Gaulish tribe the Boii
combined with Germanic heim
"home". This is the name of a historical region within the Czech Republic. The region is called Čechy
in Czech, while the country is called Česko
BRETAGNE (Region) French, German
French form of Britannia
). In French this typically refers to the region known as Brittany in France, while Great Britain is called Grande-Bretagne
BRITAIN (Region) English
, the Latin name for the island of Great Britain, the land of the Britons. It derives from the name of the Britons, recorded in Greek in the 4th century BC as Πρεττανικη (Prettanike)
, and reconstructed as Proto-Brythonic *Priteni
, possibly meaning "tattooed people".
BRITTANY (Region) English
). This is the name of a region in northwestern France, so called because many Britons settled there after the fall of the Western Roman Empire. It had earlier been called Armorica
. In the Middle Ages it was sometimes called Britannia Minor
to distinguish it from the island of Great Britain. In French, both the island and the region are called Bretagne
CARPATHIANS (Region) English
From Latin Carpates
, possibly related to the Dacian tribe of the Capri
, maybe derived from an Indo-European root meaning "rock, cliff". This is the name of a mountain range in eastern Europe stretching from Slovakia
CASTILE (Region) English
From Spanish Castilla
, ultimately from Late Latin castellum
meaning "castle". This was the name of a medieval kingdom in Spain.
CATALONIA (Region) English
From Catalan Catalunya
, of uncertain meaning, possibly from Latin castellum
"castle" or Gauthia Launia
"land of the Goths". This is the name of a region in eastern Spain.
ČECHY (Region) Czech, Slovak
From the name of the Slavic tribe of the Czechs, probably derived from the Slavic root čelo
meaning "family, tribe". This is the Czech name of Bohemia
, while the Czech Republic is called Česko
CHESHIRE (Region & Political Subdivision) English
Shortened form of Chestershire
, a combination of CHESTER
COLUMBIA (Region, Settlement, Political Subdivision & River) English, Italian, Spanish
Named after the explorer Christopher Columbus, called Cristoforo Colombo
in Italian (see the surname COLOMBO
). This is the name of several cities in the Americas (including the District of Columbia, also called Washington D.C.), and a river in Canada and the United States. It is also a name used historically to refer to the New World.
CZECHY (Region & Country) Polish
Polish form of ČECHY
, used to refer both to the region of Bohemia
and the larger Czech Republic.
EDEN (Region) Hebrew, Biblical
Possibly from Hebrew עֵדֶן
('eden) meaning "pleasure, delight", or perhaps derived from Sumerian 𒂔 (edin)
meaning "plain". According to the Old Testament the Garden of Eden was the place where the first people, Adam and Eve, lived before they were expelled.
FLANDERS (Region) English
From Middle Dutch Vlander
, from a Germanic root meaning "waterlogged", referring to the marshy landscape of Flanders. This is the name of the northern portion of Belgium.
FRIULI (Region) Italian, English, Spanish
From the name of the Roman town of Forum Iulii (now called Cividale del Friuli
) meaning "forum of Julius". This is the name of a region in northeast Italy.
GETHSEMANE (Region) Biblical
From Γεθσημανι (Gethsemani)
, the Greek form of an Aramaic place name meaning "oil press". In the New Testament this is the name of the garden where Jesus
was arrested, located on the Mount of Olives near Jerusalem.
GORYEO (Region) Korean
Possibly means "walled city" or "center" in Korean. This was the name of a kingdom which ruled most of the Korean Peninsula. The name Korea
is based on it.
GUINEA (Region, Country & Island) English, Italian, Spanish, German
From Portuguese Guiné
, which is of unknown meaning, possibly of Berber origin. This name was used by the Portuguese to refer to a portion of western Africa. It was also applied by westerners to the island of New Guinea starting in the 16th century. It is now the name or part of the name of the countries of Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Equatorial Guinea and Papua New Guinea.
HANGUK (Region) Korean
From Sino-Korean 韓 (han)
meaning "Korea" and 國 (guk)
meaning "country, land". This is the term used in South Korea to refer to South Korea
or the entire Korean Peninsula.
HOLSTEIN (Political Subdivision & Region) German, English, Dutch
From the name of a Saxon tribe, derived from Old Saxon holt
meaning "wood" and sat
meaning "inhabitant". This is the name of a historical region in Germany, near the Danish border. It forms part of the name of the modern German state of Schleswig-Holstein.
JOSEON (Region & Country) Korean
This was the name of two kingdoms in the history of Korea. The first was conquered by the Han Empire in the 2nd century BC. The second ruled Korea from the 14th century until the 19th century. The name of these kingdoms was written using the Sino-Korean characters 朝 (jo)
meaning "dynasty" and 鮮 (seon)
meaning "new", though the actual origin is assumed to be Korean. This name is now used in North Korea to refer to the country of North Korea
KONGO (Region, River & Country) Central African, Kongo, German, Dutch, Swedish, Finnish, Polish, Russian, Croatian, Serbian
Form of CONGO
LEHI (Region) Biblical
Means "jawbone" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of the site where the hero Samson
killed 1,000 men using only a donkey's jawbone.
LENNOX (Region) Scottish
From Gaelic Leamhnachd
, possibly meaning "place of elms". This is the name of a district in Scotland.
LINDSEY (Region) English
island" in Old English. This is the name of a region and historical kingdom in Lincolnshire.
LORNE (Region) English
Possibly from the name of the legendary king of Dál Riata, Loarn mac Eirc. This is the name of a region in western Scotland.
MAGHRIB (Region & Country) Arabic
From Arabic المغرب (al-Maghrib)
meaning "the place of the sunset, the west". This is the Arabic name of Morocco
as well as the entire region of western North Africa (known as the Maghreb
in English). In Arabic the name is usually written with the definite article: المغرب (al-Maghrib)
MORAY (Region & Political Subdivision) Scottish
From Gaelic Muireb
meaning "seaboard settlement". This is the name of a historical region in Scotland, as well as a modern council area.
NUBIA (Region) English, Late Roman
Possibly derives from the Egyptian word nbw
meaning "gold". This was the name of an ancient region and kingdom in Africa, south of Egypt.
NYSA (Region) Greek Mythology
Possibly from an archaic Greek word meaning "tree". In Greek mythology Nysa was the mountainous region where young Dionysos
PROVENCE (Region) French, English, German
From Latin provincia
meaning "province", a Roman territorial division. This is the name a region in southern France, originally acquiring its name because it was the first Roman province beyond the Alps.
ROMAGNA (Region & Political Subdivision) Italian, English, German
From Latin ROMANIA
, in this case the name of a historic region on the Adriatic coast of Italy (part of the modern administrative region of Emilia-Romagna).
ROMANIA (Country & Region) English, Italian, Ancient Roman
From Latin meaning "land of the Romans" (see ROME
). This is the name of a country in eastern Europe, so named in the 16th century because of its historic and linguistic connections to the Roman Empire.... [more]
ROSS (Region & Settlement) Scottish
From Scottish Gaelic ros
meaning "promontory". This is the name of a historic region in northern Scotland, as well as towns in Scotland and northern England.
SÁRKÖZ (Region) Hungarian
Derived from Hungarian sár
"mud" and köz
"margin, lane". This is the name of a region in Hungary.
SAXONY (Region & Political Subdivision) English
From the name of the Germanic tribe of the Saxons, ultimately derived from Germanic sahs
meaning "knife". This is the name of a historical region in Germany, and appears in the names of the German states of Saxony, Lower Saxony and Saxony-Anhalt.
SYRIA (Country & Region) English, Polish, Ancient Roman, Ancient Greek
From Greek Συρια (Syria)
, which was probably a variant of ASSYRIA
, used in an expanded sense to refer to the northern Levant. This was the name of a province of the Roman Empire. It is now the name of a country in western Asia, having gained independence from the Ottoman Empire early in the 20th century.
URAL (Region & River) Russian, English, German, Turkish, Bashkir
Meaning unknown, possibly from Turkic aral
meaning "island, boundary". This is the name of a mountain range and a river in western Russia.
VALENCIA (Settlement & Region) Spanish, Italian, English, German
The name of a city and surrounding region in eastern Spain, originally named in Latin Valentia (Edetanorum)
meaning "strength (of the Edetani people)", and derived from Latin valentius
"strength, vigour", from valens
"strong, vigourous". Besides the city in Spain, this is also the name of a city in Venezuala.