ALBANIA(Region & Country)Late Roman, English, Spanish, Italian
Medieval Latin name for the region which was once occupied by the Illyrian tribe called Albanoi. This is the name of a country in the Balkans.
Latin name for the lands where the Alemanni lived. The Alemanni were a confederation of Germanic tribes who lived around the upper Rhine river in the time of the Roman Empire.
AMERICA(Region & Country)English, Italian, Romanian, Late Roman
From the name of the explorer AMERIGO
Vespucci (1451-1512). This is the name of two continents (North and South America). As well, it is commonly used to refer to the United States of America.
AMERYKA(Region & Country)Polish
Polish form of AMERICA
, used to refer to the continents and the United States of America.
Possibly derived from Germanic roots meaning "narrow, tight, tapering" or "hook". This is the name of a peninsula in northern Germany near Denmark, the original home of the Germanic tribe the Angles.
AUSTRALIA(Region & Country)English, Italian, Spanish
Derived from Latin australis
meaning "southern". It was formally adopted as the name of the continent (and later country) by the British administrators of the region in 1824.
BOHEMIA(Region)English, Spanish, Late Roman
From Latin Boiohaemum
, from the name of the Gaulish tribe the Boii
combined with Germanic heim
"home". This is the name of a historical region within the Czech Republic. The region is called Čechy
in Czech, while the country is called Česko
French form of Britannia
). In French this typically refers to the region known as Brittany in France, while Great Britain is called Grande-Bretagne
, the Latin name for the island of Great Britain, the land of the Britons. It derives from the name of the Britons, recorded in Greek in the 4th century BC as Πρεττανικη (Prettanike)
, and reconstructed as Proto-Brythonic *Priteni
, possibly meaning "tattooed people".
). This is the name of a region in northwestern France, so called because many Britons settled there after the fall of the Western Roman Empire. It had earlier been called Armorica
. In the Middle Ages it was sometimes called Britannia Minor
to distinguish it from the island of Great Britain. In French, both the island and the region are called Bretagne
From Spanish Castilla
, ultimately from Late Latin castellum
meaning "castle". This was the name of a medieval kingdom in Spain.
From Catalan Catalunya
, of uncertain meaning, possibly from Latin castellum
"castle" or Gauthia Launia
"land of the Goths". This is the name of a region in eastern Spain.
From the name of the Slavic tribe of the Czechs, probably derived from the Slavic root čelo
meaning "family, tribe". This is the Czech name of Bohemia
, while the Czech Republic is called Česko
CHESHIRE(Region & Political Subdivision)English
Shortened form of Chestershire
, a combination of CHESTER
COLUMBIA(Region, Settlement, Political Subdivision & River)English, Italian, Spanish
Named after the explorer Christopher Columbus, called Cristoforo Colombo
in Italian (see the surname COLOMBO
). This is the name of several cities in the Americas (including the District of Columbia, also called Washington D.C.), and a river in Canada and the United States. It is also a name used historically to refer to the New World.
CZECHY(Region & Country)Polish
Polish form of ČECHY
, used to refer both to the region of Bohemia
and the larger Czech Republic.
Means "place of pleasure" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament the Garden of Eden was the place where the first people, Adam and Eve, lived before they were expelled.
From Middle Dutch Vlander
, from a Germanic root meaning "waterlogged", referring to the marshy landscape of Flanders. This is the name of the northern portion of Belgium.
FRIULI(Region)Italian, English, Spanish
From the name of the Roman town of Forum Iulii (now called Cividale del Friuli
) meaning "forum of Julius". This is the name of a region in northeast Italy.
From Γεθσημανι (Gethsemani)
, the Greek form of an Aramaic place name meaning "oil press". In the New Testament this is the name of the garden where Jesus
was arrested, located on the Mount of Olives near Jerusalem.
Possibly means "walled city" or "center" in Korean. This was the name of a kingdom which ruled most of the Korean Peninsula. The name Korea
is based on it.
GUINEA(Region, Country & Island)English, Italian, Spanish, German
From Portuguese Guiné
, which is of unknown meaning, possibly of Berber origin. This name was used by the Portuguese to refer to a portion of western Africa. It was also applied by westerners to the island of New Guinea starting in the 16th century. It is now the name or part of the name of the countries of Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Equatorial Guinea and Papua New Guinea.
From Sino-Korean 韓 (han)
meaning "Korea" and 國 (guk)
meaning "country, land". This is the term used in South Korea to refer to South Korea
or the entire Korean Peninsula.
HOLSTEIN(Political Subdivision & Region)German, English, Dutch
From the name of a Saxon tribe, derived from Old Saxon holt
meaning "wood" and sat
meaning "inhabitant". This is the name of a historical region in Germany, near the Danish border. It forms part of the name of the modern German state of Schleswig-Holstein.
JOSEON(Region & Country)Korean
This was the name of two kingdoms in the history of Korea. The first was conquered by the Han Empire in the 2nd century BC. The second ruled Korea from the 14th century until the 19th century. The name of these kingdoms was written using the Sino-Korean characters 朝 (jo)
meaning "dynasty" and 鮮 (seon)
meaning "new", though the actual origin is assumed to be Korean. This name is now used in North Korea to refer to the country of North Korea
KONGO(Region, River & Country)Central African, Kongo, German, Dutch, Swedish, Finnish, Polish, Russian, Croatian, Serbian
Form of CONGO
Means "jawbone" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of the site where the hero Samson
killed 1,000 men using only a donkey's jawbone.
From Gaelic Leamhnachd
, possibly meaning "place of elms". This is the name of a district in Scotland.
island" in Old English. This is the name of a region and historical kingdom in Lincolnshire.
Possibly from the name of the legendary king of Dál Riata, Loarn mac Eirc. This is the name of a region in western Scotland.
MAGHRIB(Region & Country)Arabic
From Arabic المغرب (al-Maghrib)
meaning "the place of the sunset, the west". This is the Arabic name of Morocco
as well as the entire region of western North Africa (known as the Maghreb
in English). In Arabic the name is usually written with the definite article: المغرب (al-Maghrib)
MORAY(Region & Political Subdivision)Scottish
From Gaelic Muireb
meaning "seaboard settlement". This is the name of a historical region in Scotland, as well as a modern council area.
NUBIA(Region)English, Late Roman
Possibly derives from the Egyptian word nbw
meaning "gold". This was the name of an ancient region and kingdom in Africa, south of Egypt.
Possibly from an archaic Greek word meaning "tree". In Greek mythology Nysa was the mountainous region where young Dionysos
ROSS(Region & Settlement)Scottish
From Scottish Gaelic ros
meaning "promontory". This is the name of a historic region in northern Scotland, as well as towns in Scotland and northern England.
Derived from Hungarian sár
"mud" and köz
"margin, lane". This is the name of a region in Hungary.
SAXONY(Region & Political Subdivision)English
From the name of the Germanic tribe of the Saxons, ultimately derived from Germanic sahs
meaning "knife". This is the name of a historical region in Germany, and appears int he names of the German states of Saxony, Lower Saxony and Saxony-Anhalt.
URAL(Region & River)Russian, English, German, Turkish, Bashkir
Meaning unknown, possibly from Turkic aral
meaning "island, boundary". This is the name of a mountain range and a river in western Russia.
VALENCIA(Settlement & Region)Spanish, Italian, English, German
The name of a city and surrounding region in eastern Spain, originally named in Latin Valentia (Edetanorum)
meaning "strength (of the Edetani people)", and derived from Latin valentius
"strength, vigour", from valens
"strong, vigourous". Besides the city in Spain, this is also the name of a city in Venezuala.