Region Place Names

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ABILENE(Region)Biblical, Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Probably from Hebrew אָבֵל ('avel) meaning "meadow, grassy place". This is the name of a place briefly mentioned in the New Testament.
Spanish form of AFRICA.
AFRICA(Region)English, Ancient Roman
Of Latin origin, possibly from the Afri people who lived near Carthage in North Africa.
ALBANIA(Region & Country)Late Roman, English, Spanish, Italian
Medieval Latin name for the region which was once occupied by the Illyrian tribe called Albanoi. This is the name of a country in the Balkans.
ALEMANNIA(Region)Ancient Roman
Latin name for the lands where the Alemanni lived. The Alemanni were a confederation of Germanic tribes who lived around the upper Rhine river in the time of the Roman Empire.
AMÉRICA(Region)Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of AMERICA, used to refer to the continents.
AMERICA(Region & Country)English, Italian, Romanian, Late Roman
From the name of the explorer AMERIGO Vespucci (1451-1512). This is the name of two continents (North and South America). As well, it is commonly used to refer to the United States of America.
AMERİKA(Region & Country)Turkish
Turkish form of AMERICA.
AMERIKA(Region & Country)German, Dutch, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish, Russian, Croatian, Serbian
Form of AMERICA, used to refer to the continents and sometimes to the United States of America.
AMÉRIQUE(Region & Country)French
French form of AMERICA.
AMERYKA(Region & Country)Polish
Polish form of AMERICA, used to refer to the continents and the United States of America.
ANATOLIA(Region)Ancient Greek
From Greek ανατολη (anatole) meaning "sunrise", a term used by the Greeks to refer to the peninsula to the east (modern Turkey).
Possibly derived from Germanic roots meaning "narrow, tight, tapering" or "hook". This is the name of a peninsula in northern Germany near Denmark, the original home of the Germanic tribe the Angles.
German form of ANGEL.
ANGLIA(Country & Region)Late Roman, Polish, Hungarian, Romanian
Late Latin form of ENGLAND (and also of ANGEL).
ASHUR(Settlement & Region)English, Arabic, Persian, Akkadian
From Akkadian 𒀸𒋩 (Assur), meaning unknown. This was the capital city of the Assyrian Empire, supposedly named for the god Ashur, though the god was in fact probably named for the city. The empire, Assyria, was also named for it. The city was destroyed in the 14th century by the forces of Tamerlane.... [more]
Akkadian form of ASSYRIA.
ASIA(Region)English, Italian, Ancient Greek
Perhaps derived from Akkadian asu, meaning "east".
Italian form of ASSYRIA.
ASSYRIA(Region)English, Ancient Roman, Ancient Greek
From Greek Ασσυρια (Assyria), derived from Akkadian Ashurayu, itself from the name of the empire's capital city ASHUR. This was the name of an ancient Mesopotamian kingdom and empire.
French form of ASSYRIA.
AUSTRÁLIA(Region & Country)Portuguese
Portuguese form of AUSTRALIA.
AUSTRALIA(Region & Country)English, Italian, Spanish
Derived from Latin australis meaning "southern". It was formally adopted as the name of the continent (and later country) by the British administrators of the region in 1824.
AUSTRALIE(Region & Country)French
French form of AUSTRALIA.
AUSTRALIEN(Region & Country)German
German form of AUSTRALIA.
French form of BOHEMIA.
BOHEMIA(Region)English, Spanish, Late Roman
From Latin Boiohaemum, from the name of the Gaulish tribe the Boii combined with Germanic heim "home". This is the name of a historical region within the Czech Republic. The region is called Čechy in Czech, while the country is called Česko.
BÖHMEN(Region)German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of BOHEMIA.
BOIOHAEMUM(Region)Ancient Roman
Latin form of BOHEMIA (mentioned in Tacitus' 1st-century book 'Germania').
Breton form of BRITAIN and BRITTANY. Great Britain is called Breizh-Veur in Breton.
Italian form of BRITAIN and BRITTANY. Great Britain is called Gran Bretagna in Italian.
BRETAGNE(Region)French, German
French form of Britannia (see BRITAIN). In French this typically refers to the region known as Brittany in France, while Great Britain is called Grande-Bretagne.
BRETAIGNE(Region)Medieval French
Old French form of Britannia (see BRITAIN).
Spanish form of BRITAIN and BRITTANY. Great Britain is called Gran Bretaña in Spanish.
From Britannia, the Latin name for the island of Great Britain, the land of the Britons. It derives from the name of the Britons, recorded in Greek in the 4th century BC as Πρεττανικη (Prettanike), and reconstructed as Proto-Brythonic *Priteni, possibly meaning "tattooed people".
BRITANNIA(Region)Ancient Roman
Latin form of BRITAIN.
German form of BRITAIN.
From Britannia (see BRITAIN). This is the name of a region in northwestern France, so called because many Britons settled there after the fall of the Western Roman Empire. It had earlier been called Armorica. In the Middle Ages it was sometimes called Britannia Minor to distinguish it from the island of Great Britain. In French, both the island and the region are called Bretagne.
Portuguese form of CASTILE.
From Spanish Castilla, ultimately from Late Latin castellum meaning "castle". This was the name of a medieval kingdom in Spain.
Spanish form of CASTILE.
French form of CASTILE.
Italian form of CATALONIA.
French form of CATALONIA.
From Catalan Catalunya, of uncertain meaning, possibly from Latin castellum "castle" or Gauthia Launia "land of the Goths". This is the name of a region in eastern Spain.
Spanish form of CATALONIA.
Catalan form of CATALONIA.
ČECHY(Region)Czech, Slovak
From the name of the Slavic tribe of the Czechs, probably derived from the Slavic root čelo meaning "family, tribe". This is the Czech name of Bohemia, while the Czech Republic is called Česko.
Old English form of CHESHIRE.
CHESHIRE(Region & Political Subdivision)English
Shortened form of Chestershire, a combination of CHESTER and shire.
CHOSUN(Region & Country)Korean
Variant transcription of JOSEON.
CHUUGOKU(Country & Region)Japanese
Japanese form of ZHONGGUO, used to refer to China. It is also the name of a region in western Japan.
COLUMBIA(Region, Settlement, Political Subdivision & River)English, Italian, Spanish
Named after the explorer Christopher Columbus, called Cristoforo Colombo in Italian (see the surname COLOMBO). This is the name of several cities in the Americas (including the District of Columbia, also called Washington D.C.), and a river in Canada and the United States. It is also a name used historically to refer to the New World.
CZECHY(Region & Country)Polish
Polish form of ČECHY, used to refer both to the region of Bohemia and the larger Czech Republic.
'EDEN(Region)Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of EDEN.
Means "place of pleasure" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament the Garden of Eden was the place where the first people, Adam and Eve, lived before they were expelled.
From Middle Dutch Vlander, from a Germanic root meaning "waterlogged", referring to the marshy landscape of Flanders. This is the name of the northern portion of Belgium.
French form of FLANDERS.
FORUM IULII(Settlement & Region)Ancient Roman
Latin form of FRIULI, the name of both the region and the town.
FRANCONIA(Region)Late Roman, English, Italian, Spanish
Latin name derived from Frank, the name of a Germanic tribe. This is the name of a region in southern Germany.
FRIULI(Region)Italian, English, Spanish
From the name of the Roman town of Forum Iulii (now called Cividale del Friuli) meaning "forum of Julius". This is the name of a region in northeast Italy.
Slovene form of FRIULI.
From Γεθσημανι (Gethsemani), the Greek form of an Aramaic place name meaning "oil press". In the New Testament this is the name of the garden where Jesus was arrested, located on the Mount of Olives near Jerusalem.
GETHSEMANI(Region)Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Form of GETHSEMANE used in the Greek and Latin Bibles.
Possibly means "walled city" or "center" in Korean. This was the name of a kingdom which ruled most of the Korean Peninsula. The name Korea is based on it.
GUINÉ(Region, Country & Island)Portuguese
Portuguese form of GUINEA.
GUINEA(Region, Country & Island)English, Italian, Spanish, German
From Portuguese Guiné, which is of unknown meaning, possibly of Berber origin. This name was used by the Portuguese to refer to a portion of western Africa. It was also applied by westerners to the island of New Guinea starting in the 16th century. It is now the name or part of the name of the countries of Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Equatorial Guinea and Papua New Guinea.
GUINÉE(Region, Country & Island)French
French form of GUINEA.
From Sino-Korean (han) meaning "Korea" and (guk) meaning "country, land". This is the term used in South Korea to refer to South Korea or the entire Korean Peninsula.
HOLSTEEN(Political Subdivision & Region)Low German
Low German form of HOLSTEIN.
HOLSTEIN(Political Subdivision & Region)German, English, Dutch
From the name of a Saxon tribe, derived from Old Saxon holt meaning "wood" and sat meaning "inhabitant". This is the name of a historical region in Germany, near the Danish border. It forms part of the name of the modern German state of Schleswig-Holstein.
HOLSTEN(Political Subdivision & Region)Danish
Danish form of HOLSTEIN.
JOSEON(Region & Country)Korean
This was the name of two kingdoms in the history of Korea. The first was conquered by the Han Empire in the 2nd century BC. The second ruled Korea from the 14th century until the 19th century. The name of these kingdoms was written using the Sino-Korean characters (jo) meaning "dynasty" and (seon) meaning "new", though the actual origin is assumed to be Korean. This name is now used in North Korea to refer to the country of North Korea.
Scottish Gaelic form of LORNE.
Means "jawbone" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of the site where the hero Samson killed 1,000 men using only a donkey's jawbone.
From Gaelic Leamhnachd, possibly meaning "place of elms". This is the name of a district in Scotland.
Means "LINCOLN island" in Old English. This is the name of a region and historical kingdom in Lincolnshire.
Possibly from the name of the legendary king of Dál Riata, Loarn mac Eirc. This is the name of a region in western Scotland.
LYDIA(Region)Ancient Greek, English
An ancient region on the west coast of Asia Minor, said to be named for the legendary king LYDOS.
English form of MAGHRIB (the region).
MAGHRIB(Region & Country)Arabic
From Arabic المغرب (al-Maghrib) meaning "the place of the sunset, the west". This is the Arabic name of Morocco as well as the entire region of western North Africa (known as the Maghreb in English). In Arabic the name is usually written with the definite article: المغرب (al-Maghrib).
MORAY(Region & Political Subdivision)Scottish
From Gaelic Muireb meaning "seaboard settlement". This is the name of a historical region in Scotland, as well as a modern council area.
NUBIA(Region)English, Late Roman
Possibly derives from the Egyptian word nbw meaning "gold". This was the name of an ancient region and kingdom in Africa, south of Egypt.
NYSA(Region)Greek Mythology
Possibly from an archaic Greek word meaning "tree". In Greek mythology Nysa was the mountainous region where young Dionysos was raised.
PORTUGALE(Region)Late Roman
Later form of PORTUS CALE, referring to the area around the city.
Dutch form of RUS.
ROMAGNA(Region & Political Subdivision)Italian, English, German
From Latin ROMANIA, in this case the name of a historic region on the Adriatic coast of Italy (part of the modern administrative region of Emilia-Romagna).
ROMAGNE(Region & Political Subdivision)French
French form of ROMAGNA.
ROMAÑA(Region & Political Subdivision)Spanish
Spanish form of ROMAGNA.
ROMANIA(Country & Region)English, Italian, Ancient Roman
From Latin meaning "land of the Romans" (see ROME). This is the name of a country in eastern Europe, so named in the 16th century because of its historic and linguistic connections to the Roman Empire.... [more]
ROSS(Region & Settlement)Scottish
From Scottish Gaelic ros meaning "promontory". This is the name of a historic region in northern Scotland, as well as towns in Scotland and northern England.
RUS(Region)Russian, Ukrainian, English, German
Possibly of Old Norse origin meaning "rowers". This was the name of a medieval Slavic state of eastern Europe.
Polish form of RUS.
SACHSEN(Region & Political Subdivision)German
German form of SAXONY.
Derived from Hungarian sár "mud" and köz "margin, lane". This is the name of a region in Hungary.
SAXONY(Region & Political Subdivision)English
From the name of the Germanic tribe of the Saxons, ultimately derived from Germanic sahs meaning "knife". This is the name of a historical region in Germany, and appears int he names of the German states of Saxony, Lower Saxony and Saxony-Anhalt.
German form of SILESIA.
SHARON(Region)Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Means "plain" in Hebrew, referring to the fertile plain near the coast of Israel.
SILESIA(Region)English, Spanish, Ancient Roman
From Mount ŚLĘŻA or the River ŚLĘZA. This is the name of a historical region in southern Poland, with portions in the Czech Republic and Germany.
French form of SILESIA.
Polish form of SILESIA.
Czech form of SILESIA.
SYRIA(Country & Region)English, Polish, Ancient Roman, Ancient Greek
From Greek Συρια (Syria), which was probably a variant of ASSYRIA, used in an expanded sense to refer to the northern Levant. This was the name of a province of the Roman Empire. It is now the name of a country in western Asia, having gained independence from the Ottoman Empire early in the 20th century.
SZABOLCS(Settlement & Region)Hungarian
From the given name SZABOLCS. This is the name of a town and a region in Hungary.
URAL(Region & River)Russian, English, German, Turkish, Bashkir
Meaning unknown, possibly from Turkic aral meaning "island, boundary". This is the name of a mountain range and a river in western Russia.
VALENCE(Settlement & Region)French
French form of VALENCIA.
VALÈNCIA(Settlement & Region)Catalan
Catalan (Valencian) form of VALENCIA.
VALENCIA(Settlement & Region)Spanish, Italian, English, German
The name of a city and surrounding region in eastern Spain, originally named in Latin Valentia (Edetanorum) meaning "strength (of the Edetani people)", and derived from Latin valentius "strength, vigour", from valens "strong, vigourous". Besides the city in Spain, this is also the name of a city in Venezuala.
VALENTIA(Settlement & Region)Ancient Roman
Latin form of VALENCIA.
Dutch form of FLANDERS.
VLANDER(Region)Medieval Dutch
Middle Dutch form of FLANDERS.