Region Place Names

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ÁFRICA   (Region)   Spanish
Spanish form of AFRICA.
AFRICA   (Region)   English, Ancient Roman
Of Latin origin, possibly from the Afri people who lived near Carthage in North Africa.
ALBANIA   (Region & Country)   Late Roman, English, Spanish, Italian
Medieval Latin name for the region which was once occupied by the Illyrian tribe called Albanoi. This is the name of a country in the Balkans.
ALEMANNIA   (Region)   Ancient Roman
Latin name for the lands where the Alemanni lived. The Alemanni were a confederation of Germanic tribes who lived around the upper Rhine river in the time of the Roman Empire.
AMÉRICA   (Region)   Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of AMERICA, used to refer to the continents.
AMERICA   (Region & Country)   English, Italian, Late Roman
From the name of the explorer AMERIGO Vespucci (1451-1512). This is the name of two continents (North and South America) and is also commonly used to refer to the United States of America.
AMERIKA   (Region & Country)   German, Dutch
German and Dutch form of AMERICA, used to refer to the continents and sometimes to the United States of America.
ANATOLIA   (Region)   Ancient Greek
From Greek ανατολη (anatole) meaning "sunrise", a term used by the Greeks to refer to the peninsula to the east (modern Turkey).
ANGEL   (Region)   Danish
Possibly derived from Germanic roots meaning "narrow, tight, tapering" or "hook". This is the name of a peninsula in northern Germany near Denmark, the original home of the Germanic tribe the Angles.
ANGELN   (Region)   German
German form of ANGEL.
ANGLIA   (Country & Region)   Late Roman
Late Latin form of ENGLAND (and also of ANGEL).
ASIA   (Region)   English, Italian, Ancient Greek
Perhaps derived from Akkadian asu, meaning "east".
AUSTRÁLIA   (Region & Country)   Portuguese
Portuguese form of AUSTRALIA.
AUSTRALIA   (Region & Country)   English, Italian, Spanish
Derived from Latin australis meaning "southern". It was formally adopted as the name of the continent (and later country) by the British administrators of the region in 1824.
AUSTRALIE   (Region & Country)   French
French form of AUSTRALIA.
AUSTRALIEN   (Region & Country)   German
German form of AUSTRALIA.
BOHÊME   (Region)   French
French form of BOHEMIA.
BOHEMIA   (Region)   English, Spanish, Late Roman
From Latin Boiohaemum, from the name of the Gaulish tribe the Boii combined with Germanic heim "home". This is the name of a historical region within the Czech Republic. The region is called Čechy in Czech, while the country is called Česko.
BÖHMEN   (Region)   German
German form of BOHEMIA.
BOIOHAEMUM   (Region)   Ancient Roman
Latin form of BOHEMIA (mentioned in Tacitus' 1st-century book 'Germania').
BREIZH   (Region)   Breton
Breton form of BRITAIN and BRITTANY. Great Britain is called Breizh-Veur in Breton.
BRETAGNA   (Region)   Italian
Italian form of BRITAIN and BRITTANY. Great Britain is called Gran Bretagna in Italian.
BRETAGNE   (Region)   French, German
French form of Britannia (see BRITAIN). In French this typically refers to the region known as Brittany in France, while Great Britain is called Grande-Bretagne.
BRETAIGNE   (Region)   Medieval French
Old French form of Britannia (see BRITAIN).
BRETAÑA   (Region)   Spanish
Spanish form of BRITAIN and BRITTANY. Great Britain is called Gran Bretaña in Spanish.
BRITAIN   (Region)   English
From Britannia, the Latin name for the island of Great Britain, the land of the Britons. It derives from the name of the Britons, recorded in Greek in the 4th century BC as Πρεττανικη (Prettanike), and reconstructed as Proto-Brythonic *Priteni, possibly meaning "tattooed people".
BRITANNIA   (Region)   Ancient Roman
Latin form of BRITAIN.
BRITANNIEN   (Region)   German
German form of BRITAIN.
BRITTANY   (Region)   English
From Britannia (see BRITAIN). This is the name of a region in northwestern France, so called because many Britons settled there after the fall of the Western Roman Empire. It had earlier been called Armorica. In the Middle Ages it was sometimes called Britannia Minor to distinguish it from the island of Great Britain. In French, both the island and the region are called Bretagne.
CASTELA   (Region)   Portuguese
Portuguese form of CASTILE.
CASTILE   (Region)   English
From Spanish Castilla, ultimately from Late Latin castellum meaning "castle". This was the name of a medieval kingdom in Spain.
CASTILLA   (Region)   Spanish
Spanish form of CASTILE.
CASTILLE   (Region)   French
French form of CASTILE.
CATALOGNA   (Region)   Italian
Italian form of CATALONIA.
CATALOGNE   (Region)   French
French form of CATALONIA.
CATALONIA   (Region)   English
From Catalan Catalunya, of uncertain meaning, possibly from Latin castellum "castle" or Gauthia Launia "land of the Goths". This is the name of a region in eastern Spain.
CATALUÑA   (Region)   Spanish
Spanish form of CATALONIA.
CATALUNYA   (Region)   Catalan
Catalan form of CATALONIA.
ČECHY   (Region)   Czech, Slovak
From the name of the Slavic tribe of the Czechs, probably derived from the Slavic root čelo meaning "family, tribe". This is the Czech name of Bohemia, while the Czech Republic is called Česko.
CESTRESCIR   (Region)   Anglo-Saxon
Old English form of CHESHIRE.
CHESHIRE   (Region & Political Subdivision)   English
Shortened form of Chestershire, a combination of CHESTER and shire.
CHOSUN   (Region & Country)   Korean
Variant transcription of JOSEON.
CZECHY   (Region & Country)   Polish
Polish form of ČECHY, used to refer both to the region of Bohemia and the larger Czech Republic.
'EDEN   (Region)   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of EDEN.
EDEN   (Region)   Biblical
Means "place of pleasure" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament the Garden of Eden was the place where the first people, Adam and Eve, lived before they were expelled.
GORYEO   (Region)   Korean
Possibly means "walled city" or "center" in Korean. This was the name of a kingdom which ruled most of the Korean Peninsula. The name Korea is based on it.
HANGUK   (Region)   Korean
From Sino-Korean (han) meaning "Korea" and (guk) meaning "country, land". This is the term used in South Korea to refer to South Korea or the entire Korean Peninsula.
JOSEON   (Region & Country)   Korean
This was the name of two kingdoms in the history of Korea. The first was conquered by the Han Empire in the 2nd century BC. The second ruled Korea from the 14th century until the 19th century. The name of these kingdoms was written using the Sino-Korean characters (jo) meaning "dynasty" and (seon) meaning "new", though the actual origin is assumed to be Korean. This name is now used in North Korea to refer to the country of North Korea.
KONGO   (Region, River & Country)   Central African, Kongo, German, Dutch
Kikongo, German and Dutch form of CONGO.
LATHARN   (Region)   Scottish
Scottish Gaelic form of LORNE.
LENNOX   (Region)   Scottish
From Gaelic Leamhnachd, possibly meaning "place of elms". This is the name of a district in Scotland.
LINDSEY   (Region)   English
Means "LINCOLN island" in Old English. This is the name of a region and historical kingdom in Lincolnshire.
LORNE   (Region)   English
Possibly from the name of the legendary king of Dál Riata, Loarn mac Eirc. This is the name of a region in western Scotland.
LYDIA   (Region)   Ancient Greek, English
An ancient region on the west coast of Asia Minor, said to be named for the legendary king LYDOS.
MORAY   (Region & Political Subdivision)   Scottish
From Gaelic Muireb meaning "seaboard settlement". This is the name of a historical region in Scotland, as well as a modern council area.
NUBIA   (Region)   English, Late Roman
Possibly derives from the Egyptian word nbw meaning "gold". This was the name of an ancient region and kingdom in Africa, south of Egypt.
NYSA   (Region)   Greek Mythology
Possibly from an archaic Greek word meaning "tree". In Greek mythology Nysa was the mountainous region where young Dionysos was raised.
PORTUGALE   (Region)   Late Roman
Later form of PORTUS CALE, referring to the area around the city.
ROES   (Region)   Dutch
Dutch form of RUS.
ROSS   (Region & Settlement)   Scottish
From Scottish Gaelic ros meaning "promontory". This is the name of a historic region in northern Scotland, as well as towns in Scotland and northern England.
RUS   (Region)   Russian, Ukrainian, English, German
Possibly of Old Norse origin meaning "rowers". This was the name of a medieval Slavic state of eastern Europe.
SHARON   (Region)   Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Means "plain" in Hebrew, referring to the fertile plain near the coast of Israel.
URAL   (Region & River)   Russian, English, German, Turkish, Bashkir
Meaning unknown, possibly from Turkic aral meaning "island, boundary". This is the name of a mountain range and a river in western Russia.
VALENCE   (Settlement & Region)   French
French form of VALENCIA.
VALÈNCIA   (Settlement & Region)   Catalan
Catalan (Valencian) form of VALENCIA.
VALENCIA   (Settlement & Region)   Spanish, Italian, English, German
The name of a city and surrounding region in eastern Spain, originally named in Latin Valentia (Edetanorum) meaning "strength (of the Edetani people)", and derived from Latin valentius "strength, vigour", from valens "strong, vigourous". Besides the city in Spain, this is also the name of a city in Venezuala.
VALENTIA   (Settlement & Region)   Ancient Roman
Latin form of VALENCIA.
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