Settlement Place Names

 more filters...
AALST (Settlement) Dutch
Possibly from Germanic alhust meaning "living place". This is the name of various towns in Belgium and the Netherlands.
AARLE (Settlement) Dutch
Meaning unknown. This is the name of various towns in the Netherlands.
ABNEY (Settlement) English
From the Old English given name Abba combined with eg "island". This is the name of a town in Derbyshire.
ACHTERBERG (Settlement) Low German
The name of various villages and estates in the Netherlands and Germany, derived from Low German achter "behind" and berg "mountain, hill".
ACHTHOVEN (Settlement) Dutch
Means "eight gardens" in Dutch. This is the name of various towns in the Netherlands.
ADRICHEM (Settlement) Dutch
Means "Adrik's home". This was the name of an estate and castle (demolished in 1812) that was formerly in North Holland, the Netherlands.
ALEXANDREIA (Settlement) Ancient Greek
Greek form of ALEXANDRIA.
ALEXANDRIA (Settlement) English, Ancient Roman, Ancient Greek (Latinized)
From the Greek given name Αλεξανδρος (see ALEXANDER), bestowed by Alexander the Great upon the cities he founded or conquered. This is the name of many cities throughout the world, notably in Egypt.
ALGER (Settlement) French, Romanian
French and Romanian form of ALGIERS.
ALGERI (Settlement) Italian
Italian form of ALGIERS.
ALGIER (Settlement) German
German form of ALGIERS.
ALGIERS (Settlement) English
From Arabic الجزائر (al-Jaza'ir) meaning "the islands". This is the name of the capital city of Algeria, so named because of the islands in its bay.
ALTENA (Settlement) Dutch
Possibly means "close, near" in Dutch. This is the name of a town in the Netherlands.
AMERSFOORT (Settlement) Dutch
Means "ford of the Amer (Eem) River" in Dutch. This is the name of a city in Utrecht, the Netherlands.
AMSTERDAM (Settlement) Dutch, English, German, Swedish, Danish, Norwegian, French, Polish
Means "dam on the AMSTEL" in Dutch. This is the name of the capital city of the Netherlands, first mentioned with this name in the 13th century.
ANDEL (Settlement) Dutch
Possibly means "upper forest" in Old Dutch. This is the name of a town in North Brabant in the Netherlands.
ANNESLEY (Settlement) English
From Old English anne "alone, solitary" and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of a town in Nottinghamshire.
ANSLEY (Settlement) English
From Old English ansetl "hermitage" and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of a town in Warwickshire.
ANTWERP (Settlement) English
From Dutch Antwerpen, meaning uncertain, perhaps from Dutch werf meaning "wharf". This is the name of a city in Belgium.
ANTWERPEN (Settlement) Dutch, German, Luxembourgish, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Finnish, Hungarian, Slovene, Croatian, Bosnian
Dutch form of ANTWERP, as well as the form in several other languages.
ANVERS (Settlement) French
French form of ANTWERP.
APELDOORN (Settlement) Dutch
Means "apple tree" in Dutch. This is the name of a city in the Netherlands.
APPLEBY (Settlement) English
Derived from Old English æppel "apple" and Old Norse býr "farm, settlement". This is the name of towns in England.
APPLETON (Settlement) English
Derived from Old English æppeltun "orchard". This is the name of towns in England.
AQUINO (Settlement) Italian
Derived from Latin aqua meaning "water". This is the name of a town in Italy.
ARENDONK (Settlement) Dutch
Derived from Dutch arend "eagle" and donk "hill". This is the name of a city in northern Belgium.
ARGEL (Settlement) Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of ALGIERS.
ARIHA (Settlement) Arabic
Arabic form of JERICHO.
ARIMATHAEA (Settlement) Biblical Latin
Latin form of ARIMATHEA.
ARIMATHEA (Settlement) Biblical
From Greek ‘Αριμαθαια (Harimathaia), of unknown meaning. In the New Testament this is the home town of Joseph of Arimathea. The town has not been positively identified, though רָמָתַיִם (Ramatayim) or רָמָה (Ramah) near Jerusalem has been proposed.
ASCH (Settlement) Dutch
From Old Dutch aska meaning "ash tree". This is the name of a town in the Netherlands.
ASHLEY (Settlement) English
From Old English æsc "ash tree" and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of various towns in England.
ASHUR (Settlement & Region) English, Arabic, Persian, Akkadian
From Akkadian 𒀸𒋩 (Assur), meaning unknown. This was the capital city of the Assyrian Empire, supposedly named for the god Ashur, though the god was in fact probably named for the city. The empire, Assyria, was also named for it. The city was destroyed in the 14th century by the forces of Tamerlane.... [more]
ASHWORTH (Settlement) English
From Old English æsc "ash tree" and worþ "enclosure". This was the name of a town in Lancashire.
ASÍS (Settlement) Spanish
Spanish form of ASSISI.
ASISIUM (Settlement) Ancient Roman
Latin form of ASSISI.
ASSENDORP (Settlement) Dutch
From Dutch es meaning "ash tree" (plural essen) and dorp meaning "village". This is the name of a city in the Netherlands.
ASSISE (Settlement) French
French form of ASSISI.
ASSISI (Settlement) Italian, English, German
From Latin Asisium, which is of unknown, possibly pre-Latin, origin. This is the name of a city in central Italy.
ASTNIDE (Settlement) Old High German (Latinized)
Old German (Latinized) form of ESSEN.
ASTON (Settlement) English
From Old English east "east" and tun "enclosure, yard, town". This is the name of many towns in England.
ATENAS (Settlement) Spanish
Spanish form of ATHENS.
ATENE (Settlement) Italian
Italian form of ATHENS.
ATHEN (Settlement) German
German form of ATHENS.
ATHENAE (Settlement) Ancient Roman
Latin form of ATHENS.
ATHENAI (Settlement) Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek form of ATHENS.
ATHÈNES (Settlement) French
French form of ATHENS.
ATHENS (Settlement) English
From Ancient Greek Αθηναι (Athenai), meaning unknown, probably from a pre-Greek language. The Greek goddess ATHENA was probably named for the city, not vice versa. Athens is a city in eastern Greece, emerging as a powerful city-state in the classical period. It has been the capital of the modern country of Greece since 1834.
ATHINA (Settlement) Greek
Modern Greek form of ATHENS.
ATİNA (Settlement) Turkish
Turkish form of ATHENS.
ATINA (Settlement) Bulgarian
Bulgarian form of ATHENS.
AUBIGNY (Settlement) French
From the Gallo-Roman given name ALBINUS. This is the name of several French communes.
AUDLEY (Settlement) English
Means "EALDGYÐ's clearing" in Old English. This is the name of a village in Staffordshire, England.
AURELIANA (Settlement) Ancient Roman
Means "of AURELIUS" in Latin. This was the name of some Roman towns and estates.
AURELIANUM (Settlement) Ancient Roman
Means "of AURELIANUS" in Latin. This was the name of a city in Gaul (modern Orléans, France), which was renamed in honour of the 3rd-century Roman emperor Aurelian.
AYTON (Settlement) English
Derived from Old English ea "river" or eg "island" combined with tun "enclosure, yard, town". This is the name of towns in Berwickshire and North Yorkshire.
BAARD (Settlement) Frisian
Possibly from a given name that was a variant of BERT. This is the name of a town in Frisia in the Netherlands.
BABILI (Settlement) Akkadian
Akkadian form of BABYLON.
BABILÓNIA (Settlement) Portuguese
Portuguese form of BABYLON.
BABILONIA (Settlement) Italian, Spanish
Italian and Spanish form of BABYLON.
BABYLON (Settlement) English, German, Dutch, Biblical, Ancient Roman, Biblical Latin, Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek
Greek form of Akkadian 𒆍𒀭𒊏𒆠 (Babili), which appears to mean "gateway of God", from Akkadian 𒆍 (babu) meaning "gate" and 𒀭 (ilu) meaning "God", though it may in fact derive from a non-Semitic language. This was the name of a major city in ancient Mesopotamia, the capital of the Babylonian Empire. It was located in present-day Iraq.
BABYLONE (Settlement) French
French form of BABYLON.
BADALOCUM (Settlement) Ancient Roman
Latin form of BAGGIO.
BAGGIO (Settlement) Italian
From Latin Badalocum meaning "watch place". This is the name of an Italian town, now a district of Milan.
BAGLEY (Settlement) English
From Old English bagga "bag, badger" and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of various towns in England.
BARDSLEY (Settlement) English
From the Old English name BEORNRÆD and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of a village near Manchester.
BATRA (Settlement) Arabic
Arabic form of PETRA. In Arabic it is properly written with the definite article: البتراء (al-Batra).
BAYT LAHM (Settlement) Arabic
Arabic form of BETHLEHEM. The Arabic word لحم (lahm) meaning "meat" is cognate with Hebrew לֶחֶם (lechem) meaning "bread".
BECSKE (Settlement) Hungarian
Possibly derived from the Hungarian given name BENEDEK. This is the name of a small town in Hungary.
BEERS (Settlement) Dutch
Possibly from Dutch baar meaning "bar". This is the name of a town in the Netherlands (plus a smaller one in Frisia).
BEESLEY (Settlement) English
From Old English beos "bent grass" and leah "woodland, clearing". This was the name of a hamlet or farm in Lancashire, England.
BEGBIE (Settlement) Scottish
Derived from the Old Norse name BAGGI and býr meaning "farm, settlement". This is the name of a small town in East Lothian, Scotland.
BEIJING (Settlement) Chinese, English
From Chinese (běi) meaning "north" and (jīng) meaning "capital city". This is the name of the capital of China.
BEIT-'EL (Settlement) Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of BETHEL.
BEIT-LECHEM (Settlement) Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of BETHLEHEM.
BELÉN (Settlement) Spanish, Biblical Spanish
Spanish form of BETHLEHEM.
BENTLEY (Settlement) English
From Old English beonet "bent grass" and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of several English towns.
BENTON (Settlement) English
From Old English beonet "bent grass" and tun "enclosure". This is the name of towns in England.
BERGAMO (Settlement) Italian, English
From Latin Bergomum, possibly from a Celtic word meaning "mountain". This is the name of a city in northern Italy.
BERGOMUM (Settlement) Ancient Roman
Latin form of BERGAMO.
BERLIN (Settlement) German, English, French, Polish, Hungarian, Croatian, Serbian
City in Germany, the name of which is of uncertain meaning. It is possibly derived from an Old Slavic stem berl- meaning "swamp".
BETÂNIA (Settlement) Biblical Portuguese
Portuguese form of BETHANY.
BETANIA (Settlement) Biblical Spanish, Biblical Italian
Spanish and Italian form of BETHANY.
BETHANIA (Settlement) Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Form of BETHANY used in the Greek and Latin New Testament.
BETHANY (Settlement) Biblical
From Greek Βηθανια (Bethania), which is of uncertain meaning. The first part of the name is derived from Hebrew/Aramaic בַּיִת (bayit) meaning "house". Suggestions for the second part of the name include עָנָה ('anah) leading to "house of affliction" or תְּאֵנָה (te'enah) leading to "house of figs". In the New Testament the town of Bethany is the home of Lazarus and his sisters Mary and Martha.
BETHEL (Settlement) Biblical
Means "house of God" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is a town north of Jerusalem, where Jacob saw his vision of the stairway.
BETHLÉEM (Settlement) French
French form of BETHLEHEM.
BETHLEEM (Settlement) Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Form of BETHLEHEM used in the Greek and Latin Bibles.
BETHLEHEM (Settlement) English, German, Dutch, Biblical
Means "house of bread" in Hebrew, from the roots בַּיִת (bayit) meaning "house" and לֶחֶם (lechem) meaning "bread". This is the name of a city in Palestine. It appears in the both the Old Testament and the New Testament, notably as the town where Jesus is born.
BETLEHEM (Settlement) Slovak
Slovak form of BETHLEHEM.
BETLÉM (Settlement) Czech
Czech form of BETHLEHEM.
BETLEMME (Settlement) Italian
Italian form of BETHLEHEM.
BEVERLEY (Settlement) English
From Old English beofor "beaver" and (possibly) licc "stream". This is the name of a city in eastern England.
BLACKBURN (Settlement) English
From Old English blæc "black" and burna "stream". This is the name of a city in Lancashire, England.
BLAKESLEY (Settlement) English
From the Old English byname Blæcwulf "black wolf" combined with leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of a city in Northamptonshire.
BLIDWORTH (Settlement) English
From the Old English byname Blīþa "happy, blithe" and worþ "enclosure". This is the name of a town in Nottinghamshire, England.
BLOXHAM (Settlement) English
From the Old English byname Blocca and ham meaning "home, homestead". This is the name of a town in Oxfordshire.
BOHON (Settlement) French
Meaning unknown. This is the name of a town in Manche, France.
BOLL (Settlement) German
From Middle High German meaning "hill". This is the name of several towns in Germany.
BOLOGNA (Settlement) Italian, English, German
From Latin Bononia, possibly derived from a Celtic word meaning "settlement". This is the name of a city in northern Italy.
BOLOGNE (Settlement) French
French form of BOLOGNA.
BOLONIA (Settlement) Spanish
Spanish form of BOLOGNA.
BONONIA (Settlement) Ancient Roman
Latin form of BOLOGNA.
BORJA (Settlement) Spanish
From Arabic بُرْج (burj) meaning "tower". This is the name of a town in Aragon, Spain.
BRACKENRIG (Settlement) Scots
From Middle English braken meaning "bracken" (via Old Norse brækni) and rigg meaning "ridge" (via Old Norse hryggr). This is the name of several Scottish towns.
BRADFORD (Settlement) English
From Old English brad "broad" and ford "ford, river crossing". This is the name of a city in West Yorkshire, as well as several other towns.
BRADLEY (Settlement) English
From Old English brad "broad" and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of several towns in England.
BRISTOL (Settlement) English
Name of a city in southwest England, derived from Old English Brycgstow meaning "the site of the bridge".
BRODIE (Settlement) English
Probably from Gaelic broth meaning "ditch, mire". This is the name of an estate and castle in Moray, Scotland.
BROOKLYN (Settlement) English
Name of a borough of New York City, originally derived from the Dutch town of Breukelen meaning either "broken land" (from Dutch breuk) or "marsh land" (from Dutch broek).
BUCKLEY (Settlement) English
From Old English bucc "buck, male deer" and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of a few minor towns in England.
BUDA (Settlement) Hungarian
Possibly from the given name BLEDA (which belonged to the brother of Attila the Hun). This was the name of a Hungarian city on the west bank of the Danube. Today it is a part of Budapest, having merged with Pest in 1873.
BUDAPEST (Settlement) Hungarian, English, German, French, Italian, Spanish
Combination of BUDA and PEST, two cities that merged in 1873. This is the name of the capital city of Hungary.
BUREN (Settlement) Dutch
From Old Dutch bur "house, dwelling". This is a small town on the island of Ameland in the north of the Netherlands, as well as a small city in Gelderland.
BURNHAM (Settlement) English
From Old English burna "stream, spring" and ham "home". This is the name of several towns in England.
BURTON (Settlement) English
From Old English burg "fortress, castle" and tun "enclosure". This is the name of several English towns.
BUSTILLO (Settlement) Spanish
From a diminutive of Late Latin bustum meaning "ox pasture". This is the name of towns in Spain.
BUSTO (Settlement) Spanish, Italian
From Late Latin bustum meaning "ox pasture". This is the name of several towns in Spain and Italy.
CAIATIA (Settlement) Ancient Roman
Latin form of CAIAZZO.
CAIAZZO (Settlement) Italian
From Latin Caiatia, a derivative of the given name CAIUS. This is the name of a city near Naples.
CAIRO (Settlement) English
From Arabic القاهرة (al-Qahirah) meaning "the victorious", in honour of the conquering Fatimid caliph al-Mu'izz li Din Allah (932-975). This is the name of the capital city of Egypt.
CAIVANO (Settlement) Italian
From Latin Calvianum, a derivative of the cognomen CALVUS. This is the name of a city near Naples.
CALE (Settlement) Ancient Roman
Possibly from Celtic gall meaning "Gaul, Celt". This was the name of an ancient town in what is now Portugal, near the modern city of Porto.
CALVIANUM (Settlement) Ancient Roman
Latin form of CAIVANO.
CARLISLE (Settlement) English
Originally called by the Romans Luguvalium meaning "stronghold of LUGUS". Later the Brythonic element ker "fort" was appended to the name of the city. This is the name of a city in Cumbria in northern England.
CAWSTON (Settlement) English
From the Old Norse given name KÁLFR combined with Old English tun meaning "enclosure, yard, town". This is the name of towns in Norfolk and Warwickshire.
CEASTER (Settlement) Anglo-Saxon
Old English form of CHESTER.
CHADWICK (Settlement) English
Means "village belonging to CHAD" in Old English. This is the name of towns in Lancashire and Warwickshire.
CHAVES (Settlement) Portuguese, Spanish
From the Roman name FLAVIUS. This is the name of a Portuguese city, which was originally named for the Roman emperor Vespasian, whose family name was Flavius.
CHELSEA (Settlement) English
Originally derived from Old English and meaning "landing place for chalk or limestone". This is a district in London.
CHESTER (Settlement) English
From Latin castrum meaning "camp, fortress". This is the name of a city in Cheshire, England.
COCKBURN (Settlement) English
From Old English cocc "rooster" and burna "stream". This was the name of a town in Berwickshire, Scotland.
COLOGNE (Settlement) French, English
French form of Latin Colonia, shortened from Colonia Agrippina meaning "colony of Agrippina", named after the wife of Emperor Claudius. This is the name of a city in western Germany.
COLONIA (Settlement) Ancient Roman, Italian, Spanish
Latin form of COLOGNE, as well as the Italian and Spanish form.
COLTON (Settlement) English
Means "COLA's town" in Old English. This is the name of several English towns.
COLUMBIA (Region, Settlement, Political Subdivision & River) English, Italian, Spanish
Named after the explorer Christopher Columbus, called Cristoforo Colombo in Italian (see the surname COLOMBO). This is the name of several cities in the Americas (including the District of Columbia, also called Washington D.C.), and a river in Canada and the United States. It is also a name used historically to refer to the New World.
COURTENAY (Settlement) French
From the Gallo-Roman given name Curtenus, derived from Latin curtus "short". This is the name of a few French communes.
CRACOVIE (Settlement) French
French form of KRAKÓW.
CRACOW (Settlement) English
English form of KRAKÓW.
CRAWFORD (Settlement) English
From Old English crawe "crow" and ford "ford, river crossing". This is the name various small towns in England.
CREMA (Settlement) Italian
Meaning uncertain, possibly from a Lombardic word meaning "hill". This is the name of a city in Cremona (to which the name is unrelated) in northern Italy.
CREMONA (Settlement & Political Subdivision) Italian
Probably from the name of the Celtic tribe the Cenomani, or possibly from a pre-Latin word meaning "stone". This is the name of a city and province in northern Italy.
CUINCHY (Settlement) French
From older Quintiacum, derived from the personal name QUINTIUS plus the local suffix -acum. This is the name of a village in France.
CZAJKÓW (Settlement) Polish
Derived from Polish czajka meaning "lapwing (bird)". This is the name of several towns in Poland.
DAMAS (Settlement) French
French form of DAMASCUS.
DAMASCO (Settlement) Italian, Spanish, Portuguese
Italian, Spanish and Portuguese form of DAMASCUS.
DAMASCUS (Settlement) Ancient Roman, Biblical Latin, English
Meaning unknown, probably of Semitic origin. It is first mentioned in Egyptian records from the 15th century BC under the name Tmsq. It is now the capital city of Syria.
DAMASKOS (Settlement) Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek
Greek form of DAMASCUS.
DAMESHQ (Settlement) Persian
Persian form of DAMASCUS.
DAMMESEQ (Settlement) Ancient Aramaic, Biblical Hebrew, Hebrew
Aramaic and Hebrew form of DAMASCUS.
DEBENHAM (Settlement) English
From the Old English river name DEBEN combined with ham meaning "home, homestead". This is the name of a town in Suffolk, on the River Deben.
DELHI (Settlement) English
From Sanskrit दिल्ली (Dilli), possibly from देहली (dehali) meaning "threshold", or possibly from the name of a 1st-century BC king. This is the name of a large city in northern India, which includes the district of New Delhi, the Indian capital.
DELPHI (Settlement) Ancient Roman, English
Latinized form of Greek Δελφοι (Delphoi), from δελφυς (delphys) meaning "womb". This was the name of an ancient Greek city, the site of an oracle of Apollo.
DELPHOI (Settlement) Ancient Greek
Greek form of DELPHI.
DERBY (Settlement) English
Means "deer farm" in Old Norse. This is the name of a city in England.
DILLI (Settlement) Indian, Hindi, Sanskrit
Sanskrit and Hindi form of DELHI.
DIMASHQ (Settlement) Arabic
Arabic form of DAMASCUS.
DONGGYEONG (Settlement) Korean
Korean form of TOKYO.
DONGJING (Settlement) Chinese
Chinese form of TOKYO.
DUDLEY (Settlement) English
Means "DUDDA's clearing" in Old English. This is the name of a city in the West Midlands, England.
EATON (Settlement) English
Derived from Old English ea "river" and tun "enclosure, yard, town". This is the name of several English towns.
EBORACUM (Settlement) Ancient Celtic (Latinized)
Latinized form of YORK.
ERECH (Settlement) Biblical
Form of URUK used in the English Old Testament.
EREKH (Settlement) Biblical Hebrew
Form of URUK used in the Hebrew Bible.
ESSEN (Settlement) German, English
From older Astnide, possibly a derivative of Old High German asc meaning "ash tree". This is the name of a city in Germany, founded in the 9th century.
ESTOCOLMO (Settlement) Spanish
Spanish form of STOCKHOLM.
ETXEBERRIA (Settlement) Basque
Means "the new house", from Basque etxe "house" and berri "new". This was the name of a village (and castle) in Navarre where the saint Francis Xavier was born.
EWART (Settlement) English
From Old English ea "river" and worþ "enclosure". This is the name of a town in Northumberland, England.
FARNHAM (Settlement) English
From Old English fearn "fern" and ham "home" or ham "water meadow, enclosure". This is the name of several towns in England, notably in Surrey.
FÁTIMA (Settlement) Portuguese
Derived from the Arabic feminine name FATIMAH, apparently after a Moorish princess who converted to Christianity during the Reconquista. This is the name of a town in Portugal, which became an important Christian pilgrimage center after 1917 when three local children reported witnessing repeated apparitions of the Virgin Mary.
FILADELFIA (Settlement) Spanish
Spanish form of PHILADELPHIA.
FILIPÓW (Settlement) Polish
Derived from the given name FILIP. This is the name of a town in Poland.
FORUM IULII (Settlement & Region) Ancient Roman
Latin form of FRIULI, the name of both the region and the town.
FOULDEN (Settlement) English
From Old English fugol meaning "bird" and dun meaning "hill". This is the name of a town in Norfolk.
GARY (Settlement) English
City in Indiana that was named after businessman Elbert Henry GARY (1846-1927), the founder of U.S. Steel.
GÊNES (Settlement) French
French form of GENOA.
GENOA (Settlement) English
From Latin Genua, probably derived from genu meaning "knee". This is the name of a port city in northwestern Italy. It is called Genova in Italian.
GÉNOVA (Settlement) Spanish
Spanish form of GENOA.
GENOVA (Settlement) Italian
Italian form of GENOA.
GENUA (Settlement) Ancient Roman, German, Dutch
Latin, German and Dutch form of GENOA.
GERUSALEMME (Settlement) Italian
Italian form of JERUSALEM.
GLYMPTON (Settlement) English
Derived from the name of the river GLYME and Old English tun "enclosure, yard, town". This is the name of small town in Oxfordshire, England.
GÓRKA (Settlement) Polish
From Polish góra meaning "mountain". This is the name of various towns in Poland.
GRAINVILLE (Settlement) French
Means "GUARIN's town" in Old French. This is the name of various towns in Normandy.
GRANTHAM (Settlement) English
From Old English grand meaning "gravel" and ham meaning "home, estate, settlement". This is the name of a town in Lincolnshire.
HAANRADE (Settlement) Dutch
From Dutch haan "rooster" and raad "advice". This is the name of a small village in the south of the province of Limburg in the Netherlands.
HAILEY (Settlement) English
From Old English heg "hay" and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of a town in Oxfordshire, England.
HAMILTON (Settlement) English
Means "crooked hill" from Old English hamel "crooked, mutilated" and dun "hill". This was the name of a town in Leicestershire, England (which no longer exists). After the town name became a surname, it was used for several other cities, including ones in Scotland, Canada, Australia and the United States.
HARDEN (Settlement) English
From Old English hara "hare" and denu "valley". This is the name of a town in West Yorkshire.
HARFORD (Settlement) English
From Old English heort "hart, male deer" or here "army" combined with ford "ford, river crossing". This is the name of towns in England.
HARIMATHAIA (Settlement) Biblical Greek
Greek form of ARIMATHEA.
HARLEY (Settlement) English
From Old English hara "hare" and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of towns in England.
HIEROUSALEM (Settlement) Biblical Greek
Biblical Greek form of JERUSALEM.
HIERUSALEM (Settlement) Biblical Latin
Biblical Latin form of JERUSALEM.
HOFWEGEN (Settlement) Dutch
From Dutch hof meaning "garden, courtyard" and weg meaning "way, path, road". This is the name of a town in the Netherlands.
HOLLAND (2) (Settlement) English
From Old English hoh "point of land, heel" and land "land". This is the name of several towns in England.
HOŘOVICE (Settlement) Czech
From Czech hora meaning "mountain". This is the name of a town in the Czech Republic.
HOROWITZ (Settlement) German
German form of HOŘOVICE.
HOUSTON (Settlement) Scottish, English
Means "Hugh's town", from the given name HUGH and Old English tun meaning "enclosure, town". This is the name of a town in Scotland. The American city of Houston is named after the Texas governor Sam Houston, whose surname is derived from the Scottish town.
HUNNACOTT (Settlement) English
From Old English hunig "honey" or the given name Huna combined with cot "cottage". This is the name of a small town in Devon, England.
HUXLEY (Settlement) English
From Old English hux "insult, scorn" (possibly) and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of a town in Cheshire, England.
IBARRA (Settlement) Basque, Spanish
Derived from Basque ibar meaning "meadow". This is the name of a few Basque towns.
IEROUSALIM (Settlement) Greek
Modern Greek form of JERUSALEM.
IRVINE (River & Settlement) Scottish
Derived from Old Celtic meaning "green water". This is a river and city in North Ayrshire, Scotland.
ISKANDARIYAH (Settlement) Arabic
Arabic form of ALEXANDRIA, usually written with the definite article: الإسكندرية (al-Iskandariyah).
JANKÓW (Settlement) Polish
From the given name JANEK. This is the name of several Polish towns.
JANKOWO (Settlement) Polish
From the given name JANEK. This is the name of several towns in Poland.
JANÓW (Settlement) Polish
From the given name JAN (1). This is the name of several towns in Poland.
JANOWICE (Settlement) Polish
From the given name JAN (1). This is the name of a number of towns in Poland.
JANOWO (Settlement) Polish
From the given name JAN (1). This is the name of several towns in Poland.
JASKÓŁKI (Settlement) Polish
Derived from Polish jaskółka meaning "swallow (bird)". This is the name of multiple Polish towns.
JAVIER (Settlement) Spanish
Spanish form of ETXEBERRIA.
JAZA'IR (Settlement & Country) Arabic
Arabic form of ALGIERS and ALGERIA, usually written with the definite article: الجزائر (al-Jaza'ir).
JERICHO (Settlement) English, Biblical
Meaning uncertain, possibly related to the Hebrew word יָרֵחַ (yareach) meaning "moon", or otherwise to the Hebrew word רֵיחַ (reyach) meaning "fragrant". This is the name of a city in Palestine, mentioned several times in the Old Testament.
JEROZOLIMA (Settlement) Polish
Polish form of JERUSALEM.
JÉRUSALEM (Settlement) French
French form of JERUSALEM.
JERUSALÉM (Settlement) Portuguese
Portuguese form of JERUSALEM.
JERUSALEM (Settlement) English, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Luxembourgish, Southern African, Afrikaans, Catalan, Bosnian, Biblical
From Hebrew יְרוּשָׁלַיִם (Yerushalayim), from an earlier Canaanite form like Urushalim, probably meaning "established by (the god) SHALIM". This is the name of a city in Israel and Palestine. Originally a Canaanite city, it was conquered by the Israelites under King David at the beginning of the 10th century BC. It is now regarded as a holy city by Jews, Christians and Muslims.
JERUSALÉN (Settlement) Spanish
Spanish form of JERUSALEM.
JERUSALIM (Settlement) Serbian
Serbian form of JERUSALEM.
JERUZALEM (Settlement) Dutch, Slovak, Slovene, Croatian
Dutch, Slovak, Slovene and Croatian form of JERUSALEM.
KANNE (Settlement) Dutch
Meaning unknown. This is the name of a town in the province of Limburg in Belgium.
KASHI (Settlement) Indian, Hindi, Telugu, Tamil, Sanskrit
From Sanskrit काशि (kashi) meaning "shining". This is the name of a holy city in India, also called Varanasi.
KENDAL (Settlement) English
From the name of the river KENT combined with Old English dæl meaning "valley, dale". This is the name of a town in Cumbria.
KIMBERLEY (1) (Settlement) English
Means either "CYNEBURGA's field", "CYNEBALD's field" or "CYNEMÆR's field". This is the name of towns in Warwickshire, Nottinghamshire and Norfolk.
KIMBERLEY (2) (Settlement) English
City in South Africa that was named after John Wodehouse, 1st Earl of Kimberley (1826-1902). His title was taken from the name of the town of KIMBERLEY (1) in Norfolk.
KŌBE (Settlement) Japanese
Possibly means "shrine supporters", in reference to the families who tended the local Ikuta Shrine. This is the name of a city in Japan.
KOBE (Settlement) Japanese
Alternate transcription of Japanese Kanji 神戸 (see KŌBE).
KÖLN (Settlement) German
German form of COLOGNE.
KOUBE (Settlement) Japanese
Alternate transcription of Japanese Kanji 神戸 (see KŌBE).
KOZŁÓW (Settlement) Polish
From Polish kozioł meaning "male goat". This is the name of several Polish towns.
KOZŁOWO (Settlement) Polish
From Polish kozioł meaning "male goat". This is the name of several towns in Poland.
KRAKAU (Settlement) German, Dutch
German and Dutch form of KRAKÓW.
KRAKOV (Settlement) Czech, Slovak, Russian, Croatian, Serbian
Form of KRAKÓW.
KRAKÓW (Settlement) Polish
From the name of the city's legendary founder Krak, of uncertain meaning. This is a city in southern Poland.
KRAKOW (Settlement) English
English form of KRAKÓW.
KUDÜS (Settlement) Turkish
Turkish form of QUDS, referring to Jerusalem.
KYNASTON (Settlement) English
Means "CYNEFRITH's town" in Old English. This is the name of hamlets in Herefordshire and Shropshire.
LA MARE (Settlement) Medieval French
Means "the pool" in Old French. This was the name of a town in Normandy.
LANDAU (Settlement) German
From Old High German lant meaning "land" and auwa meaning "damp valley". This is the name of a town in the Palatinate region of Germany.
LANGLEY (Settlement) English
From Old English lang "long" and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of numerous towns in the United Kingdom and North America.
LASSY (Settlement) French
Derived from Lascius, a Gallo-Roman name of unknown meaning. This is the name of a commune in Calvados, France.
LAURETUM (Settlement) Ancient Roman
Latin form of LORETO.
LAYTON (Settlement) English
From Old English leac "leek, herb" and tun "enclosure, yard, town". This is the name of towns in England.
LECCE (Settlement & Political Subdivision) Italian
From Latin Licea or Litium, earlier Lupiae. This is the name of a city in southern Italy, as well as a province named for it.
LEIGHTON (Settlement) English
Variant of LAYTON. This is the name of several English towns.
LEITZKAU (Settlement) German
Possibly of Slavic origin. This is the name of a town in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
LINCOLN (Settlement) English
Derived from Brythonic lindo "lake, pool" and Latin colonia "colony". This is a city in eastern England, called Lindum Colonia by the Romans.
LINTON (Settlement) English
From Old English lind "linden tree" or lin "flax" combined with tun meaning "enclosure, yard, town". This is the name of several towns in the United Kingdom.
LINWOOD (Settlement) English
From Old English lind "linden tree" and wudu meaning "wood, forest". This is the name of a few English towns.
LIONE (Settlement) Italian
Italian form of LYON.
LIVET (Settlement) French
Possibly of Gaulish origin. This is the name of several communes in France (especially Normandy).
LOIOLA (Settlement) Basque
Basque form of LOYOLA.
LONDEN (Settlement) Dutch
Dutch form of LONDON.
LONDINIUM (Settlement) Ancient Roman
Latin form of LONDON.
LONDON (Settlement) English, German, Danish, Swedish, Norwegian, Russian, Croatian, Serbian, Slovene
From Latin Londinium, of unknown meaning. This is the capital city of the United Kingdom.
LONDRA (Settlement) Italian
Italian form of LONDON.
LONDRES (Settlement) French, Spanish, Portuguese
French, Spanish and Portuguese form of LONDON.
LONDÝN (Settlement) Czech, Slovak
Czech and Slovak form of LONDON.
LONDYN (Settlement) Polish
Polish form of LONDON.
LORETO (Settlement) Italian, Spanish
From Latin Lauretum meaning "laurel grove". This is the name of a town in eastern Italy.
LOYOLA (Settlement) Spanish
From Basque Loiola, from loi meaning "mud". This is the name of a place near the town of Azpeitia in the Basque Country of Spain.
LUGDUNUM (Settlement) Ancient Roman
Latin form of LYON.
LUGODUNON (Settlement) Ancient Celtic
Gaulish form of LYON.
LUGUVALIUM (Settlement) Ancient Roman
Older Roman name of CARLISLE.
LYNDON (Settlement) English
From Old English lind "linden tree" and dun meaning "hill". This is the name of a few towns in the United Kingdom.
LYON (Settlement) French, English, German
From Latin Lugdunum, derived from the name of the Celtic god LUGUS combined with Gaulish dunon meaning "hill fort, citadel". This is the name of a city in central France.
LYONS (Settlement) English
Variant of LYON.
MACARENA (Settlement) Spanish
Barrio (district) in Seville, which got its name from a temple that may have been named for a person Macarius (see MACARIO).
MADINAH (Settlement) Arabic
Arabic form of MEDINA, usually written with the definite article: المدينة (al-Madinah).
MALLEVILLE (Settlement) French
Means "bad town" in Norman French. This is the name of communes in Normandy, France.
MANFREDONIA (Settlement) Italian
From the given name MANFREDI, referring to a 13th-century king of Sicily. This is the name of a town in Apulia, Italy, founded by King Manfred on the site of the Roman city of Sipontum.
MARLOW (Settlement) English
Means "remnants of a lake" in Old English, from mere "lake" and lafe "remnants, remains". This is the name of a town in Buckinghamshire, England.
MARRAKECH (Settlement) French, Italian, Spanish, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish, Finnish
Form of MARRAKESH in various languages.
MARRAKESCH (Settlement) German
German form of MARRAKESH.
MARRAKESH (Settlement) English, Dutch
From Arabic مرّاكش (Marrakush), possibly from Berber Murt n Akush meaning "land of God". This is the name of a city in Morocco.
MARRAKUSH (Settlement) Arabic
Arabic form of MARRAKESH.
MASSY (Settlement) French
Derived from Maccius, a Gallo-Roman name of unknown meaning. This is the name of several communes in France.
MAXWELL (Settlement) Scottish
Means "Mack's stream", from the name Mack, a short form of the Scandinavian name MAGNUS, combined with Old English well "well stream". This is the name of a place in Roxburghshire, Scotland.
MAYLIS (Settlement) French
Possibly derived from Occitan mair "mother" and French lys "lily". This is the name of a commune in southern France.
MEDINA (Settlement) English, Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, German, Dutch, Croatian, Serbian
Form of Arabic المدينة (al-Madinah) meaning "the city". This is the name of a city in Saudi Arabia, considered a holy site in Islam because the Prophet Muhammad was based there for a period.
MÉDINE (Settlement) French
French form of MEDINA.
MEDIOLANUM (Settlement) Ancient Roman
Latin form of MILAN.
MEDYNA (Settlement) Polish
Polish form of MEDINA.
MEHXICO (Country & Settlement) Aztec
Nahuatl form of MEXICO.
MEIßEN (Settlement) German
Probably of Slavic origin. This is the name of a town in eastern Germany.
MEISSEN (Settlement) German, English, French
Form of MEIßEN.
MEKSYK (Country & Settlement) Polish
Polish form of MEXICO.
MEMPHIS (Settlement) English, Ancient Egyptian (Hellenized)
Greek form of Egyptian Mn-nfr meaning "enduring beauty". This was the name of an important city in Lower Egypt, serving as the capital during the Old Kingdom period. It acquired its current name in the New Kingdom period from a nearby pyramid of Pepi I. This is also the name of a city in Tennessee.
MENDOZA (Settlement) Basque
From Basque mendi "mountain" and hotz "cold". This is the name of a town in Álava, Spain.
MESSICO (Country & Settlement) Italian
Italian form of MEXICO.
MÉXICO (Country & Settlement) Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish (and Portuguese) form of MEXICO.
MEXICO (Country & Settlement) English, French
From Spanish México, itself derived from Nahuatl Mehxico. There are many theories regarding the ultimate origin, including Nahuatl metztli meaning "moon" combined with xictli meaning "navel". This is the name of a country in North America, as well as its capital city (the country is named after the city). In French Mexico is the name of the capital city, while the country is called Mexique.
MEXIKO (Country & Settlement) German
German form of MEXICO.
MILAN (Settlement) English, French
From Latin Mediolanum, perhaps derived from Celtic elements meaning "middle of the plain". This is the name of a major city in Italy.
MILANO (Settlement) Italian
Italian form of MILAN.
MONTGOMERY (Settlement) French
Means "GUMARICH's mountain" in Norman French. This is the name of communes in Calvados, France.
NAGGIO (Settlement) Italian
Meaning uncertain, the name of a small town in Lombardy.
NAPLES (Settlement) English
From Latin Neapolis, from Greek Νεαπολις (Neapolis) meaning "new city". This is the name of a city in southern Italy, originally founded as a Greek colony.
NAPOLI (Settlement) Italian
Italian form of NAPLES.