Settlement Place Names

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AALST(Settlement)Dutch
Possibly from Germanic alhust meaning "living place". This is the name of various towns in the Netherlands and Belgium.
AARLE(Settlement)Dutch
Meaning unknown. This is the name of various towns in the Netherlands.
ABNEY(Settlement)English
From the Old English given name Abba combined with eg "island". This is the name of a town in Derbyshire.
ACHTERBERG(Settlement)Low German
The name of various villages and estates in the Netherlands and Germany, derived from Low German achter "behind" and berg "mountain, hill".
ACHTHOVEN(Settlement)Dutch
Means "eight gardens" in Dutch. This is the name of various towns in the Netherlands.
ADRICHEM(Settlement)Dutch
Means "Adrik's home". This was the name of an estate and castle (demolished in 1812) that was formerly in North Holland, the Netherlands.
ALEXANDREIA(Settlement)Ancient Greek
Greek form of ALEXANDRIA.
ALEXANDRIA(Settlement)English, Ancient Roman, Ancient Greek (Latinized)
From the Greek given name Αλεξανδρος (see ALEXANDER), bestowed by Alexander the Great upon the cities he founded or conquered. This is the name of many cities throughout the world, notably in Egypt.
ALGER(Settlement)French, Romanian
French and Romanian form of ALGIERS.
ALGERI(Settlement)Italian
Italian form of ALGIERS.
ALGIER(Settlement)German
German form of ALGIERS.
ALGIERS(Settlement)English
From Arabic الجزائر (al-Jaza'ir) meaning "the islands". This is the name of the capital city of Algeria, so named because of the islands in its bay.
ALTENA(Settlement)Dutch
Possibly means "close, near" in Dutch. This is the name of a town in the Netherlands.
AMERSFOORT(Settlement)Dutch
Means "ford of the Amer (Eem) River" in Dutch. This is the name of a city in Utrecht, the Netherlands.
AMSTERDAM(Settlement)Dutch, English, German, Swedish, Danish, Norwegian, French, Polish
Means "dam on the AMSTEL" in Dutch. This is the name of the capital city of the Netherlands, first mentioned with this name in the 13th century.
ANDEL(Settlement)Dutch
Possibly means "upper forest" in Old Dutch. This is the name of a town in North Brabant in the Netherlands.
ANNESLEY(Settlement)English
From Old English anne "alone, solitary" and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of a town in Nottinghamshire.
ANSLEY(Settlement)English
From Old English ansetl "hermitage" and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of a town in Warwickshire.
ANTWERP(Settlement)English
From Dutch Antwerpen, meaning uncertain, perhaps from Dutch werf meaning "wharf". This is the name of a city in Belgium.
ANTWERPEN(Settlement)Dutch
Dutch form of ANTWERP.
ANVERS(Settlement)French
French form of ANTWERP.
APELDOORN(Settlement)Dutch
Means "apple tree" in Dutch. This is the name of a city in the Netherlands.
APPLEBY(Settlement)English
Derived from Old English æppel "apple" and Old Norse býr "farm, settlement". This is the name of towns in England.
APPLETON(Settlement)English
Derived from Old English æppeltun "orchard". This is the name of towns in England.
AQUINO(Settlement)Italian
Derived from Latin aqua meaning "water". This is the name of a town in Italy.
ARENDONK(Settlement)Dutch
Derived from Dutch arend "eagle" and donk "hill". This is the name of a city in northern Belgium.
ARGEL(Settlement)Spanish
Spanish form of ALGIERS.
ARIHA(Settlement)Arabic
Arabic form of JERICHO.
ASCH(Settlement)Dutch
From Old Dutch aska meaning "ash tree". This is the name of a town in the Netherlands.
ASHLEY(Settlement)English
From Old English æsc "ash tree" and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of various towns in England.
ASHUR(Settlement & Region)English, Arabic, Persian, Akkadian
From Akkadian 𒀸𒋩 (Assur), meaning unknown. This was the capital city of the Assyrian Empire, supposedly named for the god Ashur, though the god was in fact probably named for the city. The empire, Assyria, was also named for it. The city was destroyed in the 14th century by the forces of Tamerlane.... [more]
ASHWORTH(Settlement)English
From Old English æsc "ash tree" and worþ "enclosure". This was the name of a town in Lancashire.
ASÍS(Settlement)Spanish
Spanish form of ASSISI.
ASISIUM(Settlement)Ancient Roman
Latin form of ASSISI.
ASSENDORP(Settlement)Dutch
From Dutch es meaning "ash tree" (plural essen) and dorp meaning "village". This is the name of a city in the Netherlands.
ASSISE(Settlement)French
French form of ASSISI.
ASSISI(Settlement)Italian, English, German
From Latin Asisium, which is of unknown, possibly pre-Latin, origin. This is the name of a city in central Italy.
ASTNIDE(Settlement)Old High German (Latinized)
Old German (Latinized) form of ESSEN.
ASTON(Settlement)English
From Old English east "east" and tun "enclosure, yard, town". This is the name of many towns in England.
ATENAS(Settlement)Spanish
Spanish form of ATHENS.
ATENE(Settlement)Italian
Italian form of ATHENS.
ATHEN(Settlement)German
German form of ATHENS.
ATHENAE(Settlement)Ancient Roman
Latin form of ATHENS.
ATHENAI(Settlement)Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek form of ATHENS.
ATHÈNES(Settlement)French
French form of ATHENS.
ATHENS(Settlement)English
From Ancient Greek Αθηναι (Athenai), meaning unknown, probably from a pre-Greek language. The Greek goddess ATHENA was probably named for the city, not vice versa. Athens is a city in eastern Greece, emerging as a powerful city-state in the classical period. It has been the capital of the modern country of Greece since 1834.
ATHINA(Settlement)Greek
Modern Greek form of ATHENS.
ATİNA(Settlement)Turkish
Turkish form of ATHENS.
ATINA(Settlement)Bulgarian
Bulgarian form of ATHENS.
AUBIGNY(Settlement)French
From the Gallo-Roman given name ALBINUS. This is the name of several French communes.
AUDLEY(Settlement)English
Means "EALDGYÐ's clearing" in Old English. This is the name of a village in Staffordshire, England.
AYTON(Settlement)English
Derived from Old English ea "river" or eg "island" combined with tun "enclosure, yard, town". This is the name of towns in Berwickshire and North Yorkshire.
BAARD(Settlement)Frisian
Possibly from a given name which was a variant of BERT. This is the name of a town in Frisia in the Netherlands.
BABILI(Settlement)Akkadian
Akkadian form of BABYLON.
BABILÓNIA(Settlement)Portuguese
Portuguese form of BABYLON.
BABILONIA(Settlement)Italian, Spanish
Italian and Spanish form of BABYLON.
BABYLON(Settlement)English, German, Dutch, Biblical, Ancient Roman, Biblical Latin, Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek
Greek form of Akkadian 𒆍𒀭𒊏𒆠 (Babili), which appears to mean "gateway of God", from Akkadian 𒆍 (babu) meaning "gate" and 𒀭 (ilu) meaning "God", though it may in fact derive from a non-Semitic language. This was the name of a major city in ancient Mesopotamia, the capital of the Babylonian Empire. It was located in present-day Iraq.
BABYLONE(Settlement)French
French form of BABYLON.
BADALOCUM(Settlement)Ancient Roman
Latin form of BAGGIO.
BAGGIO(Settlement)Italian
From Latin Badalocum meaning "watch place". This is the name of an Italian town, now a district of Milan.
BAGLEY(Settlement)English
From Old English bagga "bag, badger" and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of various towns in England.
BARDSLEY(Settlement)English
From the Old English name BEORNRÆD and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of a village near Manchester.
BAYT LAHM(Settlement)Arabic
Arabic form of BETHLEHEM. The Arabic word لحم (lahm) meaning "meat" is cognate with Hebrew לֶחֶם (lechem) meaning "bread".
BECSKE(Settlement)Hungarian
Possibly derived from the Hungarian given name BENEDEK. This is the name of a small town in Hungary.
BEERS(Settlement)Dutch
Possibly from Dutch baar meaning "bar". This is the name of a town in the Netherlands (plus a smaller one in Frisia).
BEESLEY(Settlement)English
From Old English beos "bent grass" and leah "woodland, clearing". This was the name of a hamlet or farm in Lancashire, England.
BEGBIE(Settlement)Scottish
Derived from the Old Norse name BAGGI and býr meaning "farm, settlement". This is the name of a small town in East Lothian, Scotland.
BEIJING(Settlement)Chinese, English
From Chinese (běi) meaning "north" and (jīng) meaning "capital city". This is the name of the capital of China.
BEIT-'EL(Settlement)Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of BETHEL.
BEIT-LECHEM(Settlement)Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of BETHLEHEM.
BELÉN(Settlement)Spanish, Biblical Spanish
Spanish form of BETHLEHEM.
BENTLEY(Settlement)English
From Old English beonet "bent grass" and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of several English towns.
BENTON(Settlement)English
From Old English beonet "bent grass" and tun "enclosure". This is the name of towns in England.
BERGAMO(Settlement)Italian, English
From Latin Bergomum, possibly from a Celtic word meaning "mountain". This is the name of a city in northern Italy.
BERGOMUM(Settlement)Ancient Roman
Latin form of BERGAMO.
BERLIN(Settlement)German, English, French, Polish, Hungarian, Croatian, Serbian
City in Germany, the name of which is of uncertain meaning. It is possibly derived from an Old Slavic stem berl- meaning swamp.
BETÂNIA(Settlement)Biblical Portuguese
Portuguese form of BETHANY.
BETANIA(Settlement)Biblical Spanish, Biblical Italian
Spanish and Italian form of BETHANY.
BETHANIA(Settlement)Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Form of BETHANY used in the Greek and Latin New Testament.
BETHANY(Settlement)Biblical
From Greek Βηθανια (Bethania), which is of uncertain meaning. The first part of the name is derived from Hebrew/Aramaic בַּיִת (bayit) meaning "house". Suggestions for the second part of the name include עָנָה ('anah) leading to "house of afflication" or תְּאֵנָה (te'enah) leading to "house of figs". In the New Testament the town of Bethany is the home of Lazarus and his sisters Mary and Martha.
BETHEL(Settlement)Biblical
Means "house of God" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is a town north of Jerusalem, where Jacob saw his vision of the stairway.
BETHLEEM(Settlement)Biblical Latin, Biblical Greek
Form of BETHLEHEM used in the Greek and Latin Bibles.
BETHLEHEM(Settlement)English, Biblical
Means "house of bread" in Hebrew, from the roots בַּיִת (bayit) meaning "house" and לֶחֶם (lechem) meaning "bread". This is the name of a city in Palestine. It appears in the both the Old Testament and the New Testament, notably as the town where Jesus is born.
BEVERLEY(Settlement)English
From Old English beofor "beaver" and (possibly) licc "stream". This is the name of a city in eastern England.
BLACKBURN(Settlement)English
From Old English blæc "black" and burna "stream". This is the name of a city in Lancashire, England.
BLAKESLEY(Settlement)English
From the Old English byname Blæcwulf "black wolf" combined with leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of a city in Northamptonshire.
BLIDWORTH(Settlement)English
From the Old English byname Blīþa "happy, blithe" and worþ "enclosure". This is the name of a town in Nottinghamshire, England.
BLOXHAM(Settlement)English
From the Old English byname Blocca and ham meaning "home, homestead". This is the name of a town in Oxfordshire.
BOHON(Settlement)French
Meaning unknown. This is the name of a town in Manche, France.
BOLL(Settlement)German
From Middle High German meaning "hill". This is the name of several towns in Germany.
BOLOGNA(Settlement)Italian, English, German
From Latin Bononia, possibly derived from a Celtic word meaning "settlement". This is the name of a city in northern italy.
BOLOGNE(Settlement)French
French form of BOLOGNA.
BOLONIA(Settlement)Spanish
Spanish form of BOLOGNA.
BONONIA(Settlement)Ancient Roman
Latin form of BOLOGNA.
BRACKENRIG(Settlement)Scots
From Middle English braken meaning "bracken" (via Old Norse brækni) and rigg meaning "ridge" (via Old Norse hryggr). This is the name of several Scottish towns.
BRADFORD(Settlement)English
From Old English brad "broad" and ford "ford, river crossing". This is the name of a city in West Yorkshire, as well as several other towns.
BRADLEY(Settlement)English
From Old English brad "broad" and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of several towns in England.
BRISTOL(Settlement)English
Name of a city in southwest England, derived from Old English Brycgstow meaning "the site of the bridge".
BRODIE(Settlement)English
Probably from Gaelic broth meaning "ditch, mire". This is the name of an estate and castle in Moray, Scotland.
BROOKLYN(Settlement)English
Name of a borough of New York City, originally derived from Dutch Breukelen meaning "broken land".
BUCKLEY(Settlement)English
From Old English bucc "buck, male deer" and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of a few minor towns in England.
BUDA(Settlement)Hungarian
Possibly from the given name BLEDA (which belonged to the brother of Attila the Hun). This was the name of a Hungarian city on the west bank of the Danube. Today it is a part of Budapest, having merged with Pest in 1873.
BUDAPEST(Settlement)Hungarian, English, German, French, Italian, Spanish
Combination of BUDA and PEST, two cities that merged in 1873. This is the name of the capital city of Hungary.
BUREN(Settlement)Dutch
From Old Dutch bur "house, dwelling". This is a small town on the island of Ameland in the north of the Netherlands, as well as a small city in Gelderland.
BURNHAM(Settlement)English
From Old English burna "stream, spring" and ham "home". This is the name of several towns in England.
BURTON(Settlement)English
From Old English burg "fortress, castle" and tun "enclosure". This is the name of several English towns.
BUSTILLO(Settlement)Spanish
From a diminutive of Late Latin bustum meaning "ox pasture". This is the name of towns in Spain.
BUSTO(Settlement)Spanish, Italian
From Late Latin bustum meaning "ox pasture". This is the name of several towns in Spain and Italy.
CAIATIA(Settlement)Ancient Roman
Latin form of CAIAZZO.
CAIAZZO(Settlement)Italian
From Latin Caiatia, a derivative of the given name CAIUS. This is the name of a city near Naples.
CAIRO(Settlement)English
From Arabic القاهرة (al-Qahirah) meaning "the victorious", in honour of the conquering Fatimid caliph al-Mu'izz li Din Allah (932-975). This is the name of the capital city of Egypt.
CAIVANO(Settlement)Italian
From Latin Calvianum, a derivative of the cognomen CALVUS. This is the name of a city near Naples.
CALE(Settlement)Ancient Roman
Possibly from Celtic gall meaning "Gaul, Celt". This was the name of an ancient town in what is now Portugal, near the modern city of Porto.
CALVIANUM(Settlement)Ancient Roman
Latin form of CAIVANO.
CARLISLE(Settlement)English
Originally called by the Romans Luguvalium meaning "stronghold of LUGUS". Later the Brythonic element ker "fort" was appended to the name of the city. This is the name of a city in Cumbria in northern England.
CEASTER(Settlement)Anglo-Saxon
Old English form of CHESTER.
CHADWICK(Settlement)English
Means "village belonging to CHAD" in Old English. This is the name of towns in Lancashire and Warwickshire.
CHAVES(Settlement)Portuguese, Spanish
From the Roman name FLAVIUS. This is the name of a Portuguese city which was originally named for the Roman emperor Vespasian, whose family name was Flavius.
CHELSEA(Settlement)English
Originally derived from Old English and meaning "landing place for chalk or limestone". This is a district in London.
CHESTER(Settlement)English
From Latin castrum meaning "camp, fortress". This is the name of a city in Cheshire, England.
COCKBURN(Settlement)English
From Old English cocc "rooster" and burna "stream". This was the name of a town in Berwickshire, Scotland.
COLOGNE(Settlement)French, English
French form of Latin Colonia, shortened from Colonia Agrippina meaning "colony of Agrippina", named after the wife of Emperor Claudius. This is the name of a city in western Germany.
COLONIA(Settlement)Ancient Roman, Italian, Spanish
Latin form of COLOGNE, as well as the Italian and Spanish form.
COLTON(Settlement)English
Means "COLA's town" in Old English. This is the name of several English towns.
COLUMBIA(Region, Settlement, Political Subdivision & River)English, Italian, Spanish
Named after the explorer Christopher Columbus, called Cristoforo Colombo in Italian (see the surname COLOMBO). This is the name of several cities in the Americas (including the District of Columbia, also called Washington D.C.), and a river in Canada and the United States. It is also a name used historically to refer to the New World.
COURTENAY(Settlement)French
From the Gallo-Roman given name Curtenus, derived from Latin curtus "short". This is the name of a few French communes.
CRAWFORD(Settlement)English
From Old English crawe "crow" and ford "ford, river crossing". This is the name various small towns in England.
CREMA(Settlement)Italian
Meaning uncertain, possibly from a Lombardic word meaning "hill". This is the name of a city in Cremona (to which the name is unrelated) in northern Italy.
CREMONA(Settlement & Political Subdivision)Italian
Probably from the name of the Celtic tribe the Cenomani, or possibly from a pre-Latin word meaning "stone". This is the name of a city and province in northern Italy.
CUINCHY(Settlement)French
From older Quintiacum, derived from the personal name QUINTIUS plus the local suffix -acum. This is the name of a village in France.
CZAJKÓW(Settlement)Polish
Derived from Polish czajka meaning "lapwing (bird)". This is the name of several towns in Poland.
DEBENHAM(Settlement)English
From the Old English river name DEBEN combined with ham meaning "home, homestead". This is the name of a town in Suffolk, on the River Deben.
DELHI(Settlement)English
From Sanskrit दिल्ली (Dilli), possibly from देहली (dehali) meaning "threshold", or possibly from the name of a 1st-century BC king. This is the name of a large city in northern India, which includes the district of New Delhi, the Indian capital.
DELPHI(Settlement)Ancient Roman, English
Latinized form of Greek Δελφοι (Delphoi), from δελφυς (delphys) "womb". This was the name of an ancient Greek city, the site of an oracle of Apollo.
DELPHOI(Settlement)Ancient Greek
Greek form of DELPHI.
DERBY(Settlement)English
Means "deer farm" in Old Norse. This is the name of a city in England.
DILLI(Settlement)Indian, Hindi, Sanskrit
Sanskrit and Hindi form of DELHI.
DONGGYEONG(Settlement)Korean
Korean form of TOKYO.
DONGJING(Settlement)Chinese
Chinese form of TOKYO.
DUDLEY(Settlement)English
Means "DUDDA's clearing" in Old English. This is the name of a city in the West Midlands, England.
EATON(Settlement)English
Derived from Old English ea "river" and tun "enclosure, yard, town". This is the name of several English towns.
EBORACUM(Settlement)Ancient Celtic (Latinized)
Latinized form of YORK.
ESSEN(Settlement)German, English
From older Astnide, possibly a derivative of Old High German asc meaning "ash tree". This is the name of a city in Germany, founded in the 9th century.
ESTOCOLMO(Settlement)Spanish
Spanish form of STOCKHOLM.
ETXEBERRIA(Settlement)Basque
Means "the new house", from Basque etxe "house" and berri "new". This was the name of a village (and castle) in Navarre where the saint Francis Xavier was born.
EWART(Settlement)English
From Old English ea "river" and worþ "enclosure". This is the name of a town in Northumberland, England.
FARNHAM(Settlement)English
From Old English fearn "fern" and ham "home" or ham "water meadow, enclosure". This is the name of several towns in England, notably in Surrey.
FÁTIMA(Settlement)Portuguese
Derived from the Arabic feminine name FATIMAH, apparently after a Moorish princess who converted to Christianity during the Reconquista. This is the name of a town in Portugal, which became an important Christian pilgrimage center after 1917 when three local children reported witnessing repeated apparitions of the Virgin Mary.
FILIPÓW(Settlement)Polish
Derived from the given name FILIP. This is the name of a town in Poland.
FORUM IULII(Settlement & Region)Ancient Roman
Latin form of FRIULI, the name of both the region and the town.
FOULDEN(Settlement)English
From Old English fugol meaning "bird" and dun meaning "hill". This is the name of a town in Norfolk.
GARY(Settlement)English
City in Indiana which was named after businessman Elbert Henry GARY (1846-1927), the founder of U.S. Steel.
GERUSALEMME(Settlement)Italian
Italian form of JERUSALEM.
GLYMPTON(Settlement)English
Derived from the name of the river GLYME and Old English tun "enclosure, yard, town". This is the name of small town in Oxfordshire, England.
GÓRKA(Settlement)Polish
From Polish góra meaning "mountain". This is the name of various towns in Poland.
GRAINVILLE(Settlement)French
Means "GUARIN's town" in Old French. This is the name of various towns in Normandy.
GRANTHAM(Settlement)English
From Old English grand meaning "gravel" and ham meaning "home, estate, settlement". This is the name of a town in Lincolnshire.
HAANRADE(Settlement)Dutch
From Dutch haan "rooster" and raad "advice". This is the name of a small village in the south of the province of Limburg in the Netherlands.
HAILEY(Settlement)English
From Old English heg "hay" and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of a town in Oxfordshire, England.
HAMILTON(Settlement)English
Means "crooked hill" from Old English hamel "crooked, mutilated" and dun "hill". This was the name of a town in Leicestershire, England (which no longer exists). After the town name became a surname, it was used for several other cities, including ones in Scotland, Canada, Australia and the United States.
HARDEN(Settlement)English
From Old English hara "hare" and denu "valley". This is the name of a town in West Yorkshire.
HARFORD(Settlement)English
From Old English heort "hart, male deer" or here "army" combined with ford "ford, river crossing". This is the name of towns in England.
HARLEY(Settlement)English
From Old English hara "hare" and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of towns in England.
HIEROUSALEM(Settlement)Biblical Greek
Biblical Greek form of JERUSALEM.
HIERUSALEM(Settlement)Biblical Latin
Biblical Latin form of JERUSALEM.
HOFWEGEN(Settlement)Dutch
From Dutch hof meaning "garden, courtyard" and weg meaning "way, path, road". This is the name of a town in the Netherlands.
HOLLAND (2)(Settlement)English
From Old English hoh "point of land, heel" and land "land". This is the name of several towns in England.
HOŘOVICE(Settlement)Czech
From Czech hora meaning "mountain". This is the name of a town in the Czech Republic.
HOROWITZ(Settlement)German
German form of HOŘOVICE.
HOUSTON(Settlement)Scottish, English
Means "Hugh's town", from the given name HUGH and Old English tun meaning "enclosure, town". This is the name of a town in Scotland. The American city of Houston is named after the Texas governor Sam Houston, whose surname is derived from the Scottish town.
HUNNACOTT(Settlement)English
From Old English hunig "honey" or the given name Huna combined with cot "cottage". This is the name of a small town in Devon, England.
HUXLEY(Settlement)English
From Old English hux "insult, scorn" (possibly) and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of a town in Cheshire, England.
IBARRA(Settlement)Basque, Spanish
Derived from Basque ibar meaning "meadow". This is the name of a few Basque towns.
IEROUSALIM(Settlement)Greek
Modern Greek form of JERUSALEM.
IRVINE(River & Settlement)Scottish
Derived from Old Celtic meaning "green water". This is a river and city in North Ayrshire, Scotland.
ISKANDARIYAH(Settlement)Arabic
Arabic form of ALEXANDRIA, usually written with the definite article: الإسكندرية (al-Iskandariyah).
JAVIER(Settlement)Spanish
Spanish form of ETXEBERRIA.
JAZA'IR(Settlement & Country)Arabic
Arabic form of ALGIERS and ALGERIA, usually written with the definite article: الجزائر (al-Jaza'ir).
JERICHO(Settlement)English, Biblical
Meaning uncertain, possibly related to the Hebrew word יָרֵחַ (yareach) meaning "moon", or otherwise to the Hebrew word רֵיחַ (reyach) meaning "fragrant". This is the name of a city in Palestine, mentioned several times in the Old Testament.
JÉRUSALEM(Settlement)French
French form of JERUSALEM.
JERUSALÉM(Settlement)Portuguese
Portuguese form of JERUSALEM.
JERUSALEM(Settlement)English, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Biblical
From Hebrew יְרוּשָׁלַיִם (Yerushalayim), from an earlier Canaanite form like Urushalim, probably meaning "established by (the god) SHALIM". This is the name of a city in Israel and Palestine. Originally a Canaanite city, it was conquered by the Israelites under King David at the beginning of the 10th century BC. It is now regarded as a holy city by Jews, Christians and Muslims.
JERUSALÉN(Settlement)Spanish
Spanish form of JERUSALEM.
JERUZALEM(Settlement)Dutch
Dutch form of JERUSALEM.
KANNE(Settlement)Dutch
Meaning unknown. This is the name of a town in the province of Limburg in Belgium.
KASHI(Settlement)Indian, Hindi, Telugu, Tamil, Sanskrit
From Sanskrit काशि (kashi) meaning "shining". This is the name of a holy city in India, also called Varanasi.
KIMBERLEY (1)(Settlement)English
Means either "CYNEBURGA's field", "CYNEBALD's field" or "CYNEMÆR's field". This is the name of towns in Warwickshire, Nottinghamshire and Norfolk.
KIMBERLEY (2)(Settlement)English
City in South Africa which was named after John Wodehouse, 1st Earl of Kimberley (1826-1902). His title was taken from the name of the town of KIMBERLEY (1) in Norfolk.
KOBE(Settlement)Japanese
Possibly means "shrine supporters", in reference to the families who tended the local Ikuta Shrine. This is the name of a city in Japan.
KÖLN(Settlement)German
German form of COLOGNE.
KOUBE(Settlement)Japanese
Variant transcription of KOBE.
KUDÜS(Settlement)Turkish
Turkish form of QUDS, referring to Jerusalem.
KYNASTON(Settlement)English
Means "CYNEFRITH's town" in Old English. This is the name of hamlets in Herefordshire and Shropshire.
LANGLEY(Settlement)English
From Old English lang "long" and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of numerous towns in the United Kingdom and North America.
LASSY(Settlement)French
Derived from Lascius, a Gallo-Roman name of unknown meaning. This is the name of a commune in Calvados, France.
LAURETUM(Settlement)Ancient Roman
Latin form of LORETO.
LINCOLN(Settlement)English
Derived from Brythonic lindo "lake, pool" and Latin colonia "colony". This is a city in eastern England, called Lindum Colonia by the Romans.
LINTON(Settlement)English
From Old English lind "linden tree" or lin "flax" combined with tun meaning "enclosure, yard, town". This is the name of several towns in the United Kingdom.
LONDEN(Settlement)Dutch
Dutch form of LONDON.
LONDINIUM(Settlement)Ancient Roman
Latin form of LONDON.
LONDON(Settlement)English, German, Danish, Swedish, Norwegian, Russian, Croatian, Serbian, Slovene
From Latin Londinium, of unknown meaning. This is the capital city of the United Kingdom.
LONDRA(Settlement)Italian
Italian form of LONDON.
LONDRES(Settlement)French, Spanish, Portuguese
French, Spanish and Portuguese form of LONDON.
LONDÝN(Settlement)Czech, Slovak
Czech and Slovak form of LONDON.
LONDYN(Settlement)Polish
Polish form of LONDON.
LORETO(Settlement)Italian, Spanish
From Latin Lauretum meaning "laurel grove". This is the name of a town in eastern Italy.
LUGUVALIUM(Settlement)Ancient Roman
Older Roman name of CARLISLE.
LYNDON(Settlement)English
From Old English lind "linden tree" and dun meaning "hill". This is the name of a few towns in the United Kingdom.
MACARENA(Settlement)Spanish
Barrio (district) in Seville, which got its name from a temple which may have been named for a person Macarius (see MACARIO).
MADINAH(Settlement)Arabic
Arabic form of MEDINA, usually written with the definite article: المدينة (al-Madinah).
MALLEVILLE(Settlement)French
Means "bad town" in Norman French. This is the name of communes in Normandy, France.
MARRAKECH(Settlement)French, Italian, Spanish
French, Italian and Spanish form of MARRAKESH.
MARRAKESCH(Settlement)German
German form of MARRAKESH.
MARRAKESH(Settlement)English
From Arabic مرّاكش (Marrakush), possibly from Berber Murt n Akush meaning "land of God". This is the name of a city in Morocco.
MARRAKUSH(Settlement)Arabic
Arabic form of MARRAKESH.
MASSY(Settlement)French
Derived from Maccius, a Gallo-Roman name of unknown meaning. This is the name of several communes in France.
MAXWELL(Settlement)Scottish
Means "Mack's stream", from the name Mack, a short form of the Scandinavian name MAGNUS, combined with Old English well "well stream". This is the name of a place in Roxburghshire, Scotland.
MAYLIS(Settlement)French
Possibly derived from Occitan mair "mother" and French lys "lily". This is the name of a commune in southern France.
MEDINA(Settlement)English
English form of Arabic المدينة (al-Madinah) meaning "the city". This is the name of a city in Saudi Arabia, considered a holy site in Islam because the Prophet Muhammad was based there for a period.
MEDIOLANUM(Settlement)Ancient Roman
Latin form of MILAN.
MEHXICO(Country & Settlement)Aztec
Nahuatl form of MEXICO.
MEKSYK(Country & Settlement)Polish
Polish form of MEXICO.
MESSICO(Country & Settlement)Italian
Italian form of MEXICO.
MÉXICO(Country & Settlement)Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish (and Portuguese) form of MEXICO.
MEXICO(Country & Settlement)English, French
From Spanish México, itself derived from Nahuatl Mehxico. There are many theories regarding the ultimate origin, including Nahuatl metztli meaning "moon" combined with xictli meaning "navel". This is the name of a country in North America, as well as its capital city (the country is named after the city). In French Mexico is the name of the capital city, while the country is called Mexique.
MEXIKO(Country & Settlement)German
German form of MEXICO.
MILAN(Settlement)English, French
From Latin Mediolanum, perhaps derived from Celtic elements meaning "middle of the plain". This is the name of a major city in Italy.
MILANO(Settlement)Italian
Italian form of MILAN.
MONTGOMERY(Settlement)French
Means "GUMARICH's mountain" in Norman French. This is the name of communes in Calvados, France.
NAPLES(Settlement)English
From Latin Neapolis, from Greek Νεαπολις (Neapolis) meaning "new city". This is the name of a city in southern Italy, originally founded as a Greek colony.
NAPOLI(Settlement)Italian
Italian form of NAPLES.
NATZRAT(Settlement)Ancient Hebrew, Hebrew
Hebrew form of NAZARETH.
NAZARET(Settlement)Spanish, Italian, German, Greek, Armenian, Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek
Spainish, Italian, German, Armenian and Greek form of NAZARETH.
NAZARETH(Settlement)English, French, Biblical, Biblical Latin
Possibly means "branch" in Hebrew. This is the name of a town in Galilee in Israel. It was the home town of Jesus.
NEAPOLIS(Settlement)Ancient Roman, Ancient Greek
Greek and Latin form of NAPLES.
NIFTRIK(Settlement)Dutch
Meaning unknown. This is the name of a town in the province of Gelderland in the Netherlands.
NINAWA(Settlement)Arabic
Arabic form of NINEVEH.
NINEUE(Settlement)Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek
Biblical Greek form of NINEVEH.
NINEVE(Settlement)Biblical Latin
Biblical Latin form of NINEVEH.
NINEVEH(Settlement)English, Biblical
From Akkadian 𒉌𒉡𒀀 (Ninua), possibly related to 𒄩 (nūnu) meaning "fish". When written, the name is usually prefixed with 𒌷 indicating a city. This may have referred to an aspect of Ishtar, as from an early time the city was a center of worship of the goddess. The cuneiform symbols used to represent the city's name depict a fish within a house.... [more]
NINEWEH(Settlement)Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of NINEVEH.
NÍNIVE(Settlement)Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of NINEVEH.
NINIVE(Settlement)French, Italian, German
French, Italian and German form of NINEVEH.
NINUA(Settlement)Akkadian
Akkadian form of NINEVEH.
OCHTRUP(Settlement)German
The name of a town in Germany, of uncertain meaning.
ODESSA(Settlement)Russian
Meaning unknown. This is the name of a Ukrainian city that sits on the north coast of the Black Sea.
OIRSCHOT(Settlement)Dutch
Possibly from Dutch oeros meaning "aurochs" and schoot meaning "projection (of land)". This is the name of a town in the province of Noord-Brabant in the Netherlands.
PARIS(Settlement)French, English
From the ancient Celtic tribe known as the Parisii. This is the capital city of France.
PECHINO(Settlement)Italian
Italian form of BEIJING.
PÉKIN(Settlement)French
French form of BEIJING.
PEKÍN(Settlement)Spanish
Spanish form of BEIJING.
PEKIN(Settlement)Japanese
Japanese form of BEIJING.
PEKING(Settlement)German, Dutch, Czech, English (Archaic)
German, Dutch and Czech form of BEIJING, as well as an older English form.
PEQUIM(Settlement)Portuguese
Portuguese form of BEIJING.
PEST(Settlement)Hungarian
Possibly from a Slavic word meaning "cave". This was the name of a city on the east bank of the Danube in Hungary. After a bridge was built across the river in 1849, Pest merged with Buda to form Budapest in 1873.
PEY(Settlement)Dutch
Meaning unknown. This is the name of a town in Limburg in the Netherlands.
PEYTON(Settlement)English
Means "PÆGA's town". This is the name of a town in Sussex.
PHILADELPHIA(Settlement)Biblical, English
Means "brotherly love" from Greek φιλεω (phileo) "to love" and αδελφος (adelphos) "brother". This was the name of a city in Asia Minor mentioned in Revelation in the New Testament. It is now known as Alaşehir (in Turkey). It is also the name of a city in the United States.
PORTO(Settlement)Portuguese, English
Modern form of PORTUS CALE. This is the name of a city in Portugal.
PORTUS CALE(Settlement)Ancient Roman
Means "port of CALE" in Latin. This was the name of the city now known as Porto. The name of the city was later applied to the entire region of Portugal.
PRETORIA(Settlement)Southern African, Afrikaans, Dutch, English
From the surname PRETORIUS. This is the name of a city in South Africa, named after the 19th-century Boer leader Andries Pretorius.
PRIESTLEY(Settlement)English
From Old English preost "priest" and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of a few small towns in England.
QAHIRAH(Settlement)Arabic
Arabic form of CAIRO, usually written with the definite article: القاهرة (al-Qahirah).
QUDS(Settlement)Arabic
Means "holy" in Arabic. This is the Arabic name for Jerusalem, usually written with the definite article: القُدْس (al-Quds).
QUÉBEC(Settlement & Political Subdivision)French
French form of QUEBEC.
QUEBEC(Settlement & Political Subdivision)English
English form of French Québec, derived from the Algonquin word kepec meaning "narrows", referring to the Saint Lawrence River near Quebec city. This is the name of a Canadian province and also the capital city of that province.
RAMSEY(Settlement)English
Means "garlic island", derived from Old English hramsa "garlic" and eg "island". This is the name of villages in England.
RAVENNA(Settlement)Italian
Means unknown, probably of Etruscan origin. This is the name of a city in Italy.
RAYNE(Settlement)English
Possibly from an Old English word meaning "shelter". This is the name of a town in Essex.
RENNES(Settlement)French, English
From Latin Condate Riedonum, derived from the name of the Gaulish tribe of the Redones. This is the name of a town in Brittany, France.
ROM(Settlement)German
German form of ROME.
ROMA(Settlement)Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Catalan, Romanian, Ancient Roman
Latinate form of ROME.
ROME(Settlement)English, French, Dutch
Meaning uncertain, from Latin Roma. This is the name of the capital city of Italy, formerly the capital of the Roman Kingdom, Republic and Empire. According to legend the city was named for ROMULUS.
ROMILEY(Settlement)English
From Old English rum "roomy, spacious" and leah "woodland, clearing". This was the name of a town that is now part of Greater Manchester.
ROMILLY(Settlement)French
From the Latin name Romilius, a derivative of ROMULUS. This is the name of several communes in northern France.
ROSS(Region & Settlement)Scottish
From Scottish Gaelic ros meaning "promontory". This is the name of a historic region in northern Scotland, as well as towns in Scotland and northern England.
ROSSUM(Settlement)Dutch
From the older Rotheheim, derived from Dutch rothe "cleared area in a forest" and heim "home". This is the name of a town in Gelderland in the Netherlands.
ROYSTON(Settlement)English
Means "Royse's town" in Old English. The given name Royse was a medieval variant of ROSE. This is the name of a town in Hertfordshire.
RUTHERFORD(Settlement)Scottish
From Old English hryðer "cattle" and ford "ford, river crossing". This was the name of a town in southern Scotland.
RYLEY(Settlement)English
From Old English ryge "rye" and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of a town in Lancashire, England.
SAINT CLAIR(Settlement)French
Name commemorating Saint CLAIR. This is the name of several communes in France.
SAINT DENIS(Settlement)French
Name commemorating Saint DENIS. This is the name of several communes in France.
SAINT MARTIN(Settlement)French
Name commemorating Saint MARTIN. This is the name of several communes in France.
SAINT MAUR(Settlement)French
Name commemorating Saint MAURUS. This is the name of several communes in France.
SAINT PIERRE(Settlement & Island)French
Name commemorating Saint PETER. This is the name of several communes in France as well as a French island near Newfoundland.
SAMARA(Settlement & River)Russian, English, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, French, German
Meaning unknown, possibly of Kyrgyz origin. This is the name of a city in Russia, founded in the 16th century, as well as the river on which it is situated.
SAMARRA(Settlement)Arabic, English, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, French, German
This is the name of a city in Iraq, the capital of the Abbasid Caliphate in the 9th century. It was possibly built at the site of the ancient Assyrian city of Surmarrati, which is of uncertain meaning.
SANDFORD(Settlement)English
From Old English sand "sand" and ford "ford, river crossing". This is the name of several towns in England.
SAN NICOLÁS(Settlement)Spanish
The name of several places in the Spanish-speaking world, in honour of Saint NICHOLAS.
SANTA ANA(Settlement)Spanish
The name of several places in the Spanish-speaking world, in honour of Saint ANNA.
SANTANA(Settlement)Portuguese
The name of several places in the Portuguese-speaking world, in honour of Saint ANNA.
SANTIAGO(Settlement)Spanish, Portuguese
This is the name of several cities in Spain and Portugal, so-named for Saint JAMES (see the given name SANTIAGO for more information). It is also used for many other cities in the Spanish and Portuguese-speaking worlds, notably the capital city of Chile.
SCHOORL(Settlement)Dutch
From older Scoronlo, meaning "forest by the shore" in Dutch. This is the name of a town in the province of Noord-Holland in the Netherlands.
SCHWYTZ(Settlement & Political Subdivision)French
French form of SCHWYZ.
SCHWYZ(Settlement & Political Subdivision)German, English, Spanish
Meaning uncertain, possibly related to Old High German suedan "to burn" or possibly of Celtic origin. This is the name of a town (and a canton named for it) in central Switzerland.
SCIACCA(Settlement)Italian
Meaning uncertain, perhaps of Arabic origin. This is the name of a town on Sicily.
SEABROOK(Settlement)English
From the old name of a river combined with Old English broc "stream". This is the name of a town in Buckinghamshire, England.
SELBY(Settlement)English
From Old Norse selja "willow, sallow" and býr "farm, settlement". This is the name of a city near York in England.
SHERBORNE(Settlement)English
From Old English scir "bright" and burna "spring, fountain, stream". This is the name of several towns in England.