Settlement Place Names

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AALST   (Settlement)   Dutch
Possibly from Germanic alhust meaning "living place". This is the name of various towns in the Netherlands and Belgium.
AARLE   (Settlement)   Dutch
Meaning unknown. This is the name of various towns in the Netherlands.
ABNEY   (Settlement)   English
From the Old English given name Abba combined with eg "island". This is the name of a town in Derbyshire.
ACHTERBERG   (Settlement)   Low German
The name of various villages and estates in the Netherlands and Germany, derived from Low German achter "behind" and berg "mountain, hill".
ACHTHOVEN   (Settlement)   Dutch
Means "eight gardens" in Dutch. This is the name of various towns in the Netherlands.
ADRICHEM   (Settlement)   Dutch
Means "Adrik's home". This was the name of an estate and castle (demolished in 1812) that was formerly in North Holland, the Netherlands.
ALEXANDREIA   (Settlement)   Ancient Greek
Greek form of ALEXANDRIA.
ALEXANDRIA   (Settlement)   English, Ancient Roman, Ancient Greek (Latinized)
From the Greek given name Αλεξανδρος (see ALEXANDER), bestowed by Alexander the Great upon the cities he founded or conquered. This is the name of many cities throughout the world, notably in Egypt.
ALTENA   (Settlement)   Dutch
Possibly means "close, near" in Dutch. This is the name of a town in the Netherlands.
AMERSFOORT   (Settlement)   Dutch
Means "ford of the Amer (Eem) River" in Dutch. This is the name of a city in Utrecht, the Netherlands.
AMSTERDAM   (Settlement)   Dutch, English, German, Swedish, Danish, Norwegian, French, Polish
Means "dam on the AMSTEL" in Dutch. This is the name of the capital city of the Netherlands, first mentioned with this name in the 13th century.
ANDEL   (Settlement)   Dutch
Possibly means "upper forest" in Old Dutch. This is the name of a town in North Brabant in the Netherlands.
ANNESLEY   (Settlement)   English
From Old English anne "alone, solitary" and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of a town in Nottinghamshire.
ANSLEY   (Settlement)   English
From Old English ansetl "hermitage" and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of a town in Warwickshire.
ANTWERP   (Settlement)   English
From Dutch Antwerpen, meaning uncertain, perhaps from Dutch werf meaning "wharf". This is the name of a city in Belgium.
ANTWERPEN   (Settlement)   Dutch
Dutch form of ANTWERP.
ANVERS   (Settlement)   French
French form of ANTWERP.
APELDOORN   (Settlement)   Dutch
Means "apple tree" in Dutch. This is the name of a city in the Netherlands.
APPLEBY   (Settlement)   English
Derived from Old English æppel "apple" and Old Norse býr "farm, settlement". This is the name of towns in England.
APPLETON   (Settlement)   English
Derived from Old English æppeltun "orchard". This is the name of towns in England.
AQUINO   (Settlement)   Italian
Derived from Latin aqua meaning "water". This is the name of a town in Italy.
ARENDONK   (Settlement)   Dutch
Derived from Dutch arend "eagle" and donk "hill". This is the name of a city in northern Belgium.
ASCH   (Settlement)   Dutch
From Old Dutch aska meaning "ash tree". This is the name of a town in the Netherlands.
ASHLEY   (Settlement)   English
From Old English æsc "ash tree" and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of various towns in England.
ASHWORTH   (Settlement)   English
From Old English æsc "ash tree" and worþ "enclosure". This was the name of a town in Lancashire.
ASÍS   (Settlement)   Spanish
Spanish form of ASSISI.
ASISIUM   (Settlement)   Ancient Roman
Latin form of ASSISI.
ASSENDORP   (Settlement)   Dutch
From Dutch es meaning "ash tree" (plural essen) and dorp meaning "village". This is the name of a city in the Netherlands.
ASSISE   (Settlement)   French
French form of ASSISI.
ASSISI   (Settlement)   Italian, English, German
From Latin Asisium, which is of unknown, possibly pre-Latin, origin. This is the name of a city in central Italy.
ASTNIDE   (Settlement)   Old High German (Latinized)
Old German (Latinized) form of ESSEN.
ASTON   (Settlement)   English
From Old English east "east" and tun "enclosure, yard, town". This is the name of many towns in England.
AUBIGNY   (Settlement)   French
From the Gallo-Roman given name ALBINUS. This is the name of several French communes.
AUDLEY   (Settlement)   English
Means "EALDGYÐ's clearing" in Old English. This is the name of a village in Staffordshire, England.
AYTON   (Settlement)   English
Derived from Old English ea "river" or eg "island" combined with tun "enclosure, yard, town". This is the name of towns in Berwickshire and North Yorkshire.
BAARD   (Settlement)   Frisian
Possibly from a given name which was a variant of BERT. This is the name of a town in Frisia in the Netherlands.
BABILI   (Settlement)   Akkadian
Akkadian form of BABYLON.
BABILÓNIA   (Settlement)   Portuguese
Portuguese form of BABYLON.
BABILONIA   (Settlement)   Italian, Spanish
Italian and Spanish form of BABYLON.
BABYLON   (Settlement)   English, German, Dutch, Biblical, Ancient Roman, Biblical Latin, Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek
Greek form of Akkadian Babili, which is of uncertain meaning. It is often explained as meaning "gateway of God", from Akkadian babu "gate" and ilu "God", though it may in fact derive from a non-Semitic language. This was the name of a major city in ancient Mesopotamia, the capital of the Babylonian Empire. It was located in present-day Iraq.
BABYLONE   (Settlement)   French
French form of BABYLON.
BADALOCUM   (Settlement)   Ancient Roman
Latin form of BAGGIO.
BAGGIO   (Settlement)   Italian
From Latin Badalocum meaning "watch place". This is the name of an Italian town, now a district of Milan.
BAGLEY   (Settlement)   English
From Old English bagga "bag, badger" and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of various towns in England.
BARDSLEY   (Settlement)   English
From the Old English name BEORNRÆD and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of a village near Manchester.
BECSKE   (Settlement)   Hungarian
Possibly derived from the Hungarian given name BENEDEK. This is the name of a small town in Hungary.
BEERS   (Settlement)   Dutch
Possibly from Dutch baar meaning "bar". This is the name of a town in the Netherlands (plus a smaller one in Frisia).
BEESLEY   (Settlement)   English
From Old English beos "bent grass" and leah "woodland, clearing". This was the name of a hamlet or farm in Lancashire, England.
BEGBIE   (Settlement)   Scottish
Derived from the Old Norse name BAGGI and býr meaning "farm, settlement". This is the name of a small town in East Lothian, Scotland.
BEIJING   (Settlement)   Chinese, English
From Chinese (běi) meaning "north" and (jīng) meaning "capital city". This is the name of the capital of China.
BENTLEY   (Settlement)   English
From Old English beonet "bent grass" and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of several English towns.
BENTON   (Settlement)   English
From Old English beonet "bent grass" and tun "enclosure". This is the name of towns in England.
BERGAMO   (Settlement)   Italian, English
From Latin Bergomum, possibly from a Celtic word meaning "mountain". This is the name of a city in northern Italy.
BERGOMUM   (Settlement)   Ancient Roman
Latin form of BERGAMO.
BERLIN   (Settlement)   German, English, French, Polish, Hungarian, Croatian, Serbian
City in Germany, the name of which is of uncertain meaning. It is possibly derived from an Old Slavic stem berl- meaning swamp.
BEVERLEY   (Settlement)   English
From Old English beofor "beaver" and (possibly) licc "stream". This is the name of a city in eastern England.
BLACKBURN   (Settlement)   English
From Old English blæc "black" and burna "stream". This is the name of a city in Lancashire, England.
BLAKESLEY   (Settlement)   English
From the Old English byname Blæcwulf "black wolf" combined with leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of a city in Northamptonshire.
BLIDWORTH   (Settlement)   English
From the Old English byname Blīþa "happy, blithe" and worþ "enclosure". This is the name of a town in Nottinghamshire, England.
BLOXHAM   (Settlement)   English
From the Old English byname Blocca and ham meaning "home, homestead". This is the name of a town in Oxfordshire.
BOHON   (Settlement)   French
Meaning unknown. This is the name of a town in Manche, France.
BOLL   (Settlement)   German
From Middle High German meaning "hill". This is the name of several towns in Germany.
BOLOGNA   (Settlement)   Italian, English, German
From Latin Bononia, possibly derived from a Celtic word meaning "settlement". This is the name of a city in northern italy.
BOLOGNE   (Settlement)   French
French form of BOLOGNA.
BOLONIA   (Settlement)   Spanish
Spanish form of BOLOGNA.
BONONIA   (Settlement)   Ancient Roman
Latin form of BOLOGNA.
BRACKENRIG   (Settlement)   Scots
From Middle English braken meaning "bracken" (via Old Norse brækni) and rigg meaning "ridge" (via Old Norse hryggr). This is the name of several Scottish towns.
BRADFORD   (Settlement)   English
From Old English brad "broad" and ford "ford, river crossing". This is the name of a city in West Yorkshire, as well as several other towns.
BRADLEY   (Settlement)   English
From Old English brad "broad" and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of several towns in England.
BRISTOL   (Settlement)   English
Name of a city in southwest England, derived from Old English Brycgstow meaning "the site of the bridge".
BRODIE   (Settlement)   English
Probably from Gaelic broth meaning "ditch, mire". This is the name of an estate and castle in Moray, Scotland.
BROOKLYN   (Settlement)   English
Name of a borough of New York City, originally derived from Dutch Breukelen meaning "broken land".
BUCKLEY   (Settlement)   English
From Old English bucc "buck, male deer" and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of a few minor towns in England.
BUDA   (Settlement)   Hungarian
Possibly from the given name BLEDA (which belonged to the brother of Attila the Hun). This was the name of a Hungarian city on the west bank of the Danube. Today it is a part of Budapest, having merged with Pest in 1873.
BUDAPEST   (Settlement)   Hungarian, English, German, French, Italian, Spanish
Combination of BUDA and PEST, two cities that merged in 1873. This is the name of the capital city of Hungary.
BUREN   (Settlement)   Dutch
From Old Dutch bur "house, dwelling". This is a small town on the island of Ameland in the north of the Netherlands, as well as a small city in Gelderland.
BURNHAM   (Settlement)   English
From Old English burna "stream, spring" and ham "home". This is the name of several towns in England.
BURTON   (Settlement)   English
From Old English burg "fortress, castle" and tun "enclosure". This is the name of several English towns.
BUSTILLO   (Settlement)   Spanish
From a diminutive of Late Latin bustum meaning "ox pasture". This is the name of towns in Spain.
BUSTO   (Settlement)   Spanish, Italian
From Late Latin bustum meaning "ox pasture". This is the name of several towns in Spain and Italy.
CAIATIA   (Settlement)   Ancient Roman
Latin form of CAIAZZO.
CAIAZZO   (Settlement)   Italian
From Latin Caiatia, a derivative of the given name CAIUS. This is the name of a city near Naples.
CAIRO   (Settlement)   English
From Arabic القاهرة (al-Qahirah) meaning "the victorious", in honour of the conquering Fatimid caliph al-Mu'izz li Din Allah (932-975). This is the name of the capital city of Egypt.
CAIVANO   (Settlement)   Italian
From Latin Calvianum, a derivative of the cognomen CALVUS. This is the name of a city near Naples.
CALE   (Settlement)   Ancient Roman
Possibly from Celtic gall meaning "Gaul, Celt". This was the name of an ancient town in what is now Portugal, near the modern city of Porto.
CALVIANUM   (Settlement)   Ancient Roman
Latin form of CAIVANO.
CARLISLE   (Settlement)   English
Originally called by the Romans Luguvalium meaning "stronghold of LUGUS". Later the Brythonic element ker "fort" was appended to the name of the city. This is the name of a city in Cumbria in northern England.
CEASTER   (Settlement)   Anglo-Saxon
Old English form of CHESTER.
CHADWICK   (Settlement)   English
Means "village belonging to CHAD" in Old English. This is the name of towns in Lancashire and Warwickshire.
CHAVES   (Settlement)   Portuguese, Spanish
From the Roman name FLAVIUS. This is the name of a Portuguese city which was originally named for the Roman emperor Vespasian, whose family name was Flavius.
CHELSEA   (Settlement)   English
Originally derived from Old English and meaning "landing place for chalk or limestone". This is a district in London.
CHESTER   (Settlement)   English
From Latin castrum meaning "camp, fortress". This is the name of a city in Cheshire, England.
COCKBURN   (Settlement)   English
From Old English cocc "rooster" and burna "stream". This was the name of a town in Berwickshire, Scotland.
COLOGNE   (Settlement)   French, English
French form of Latin Colonia, shortened from Colonia Agrippina meaning "colony of Agrippina", named after the wife of Emperor Claudius. This is the name of a city in western Germany.
COLONIA   (Settlement)   Ancient Roman, Italian, Spanish
Latin form of COLOGNE, as well as the Italian and Spanish form.
COLTON   (Settlement)   English
Means "COLA's town" in Old English. This is the name of several English towns.
COURTENAY   (Settlement)   French
From the Gallo-Roman given name Curtenus, derived from Latin curtus "short". This is the name of a few French communes.
CRAWFORD   (Settlement)   English
From Old English crawe "crow" and ford "ford, river crossing". This is the name various small towns in England.
CREMA   (Settlement)   Italian
Meaning uncertain, possibly from a Lombardic word meaning "hill". This is the name of a city in Cremona (to which the name is unrelated) in northern Italy.
CREMONA   (Settlement & Political Subdivision)   Italian
Probably from the name of the Celtic tribe the Cenomani, or possibly from a pre-Latin word meaning "stone". This is the name of a city and province in northern Italy.
CUINCHY   (Settlement)   French
From older Quintiacum, derived from the personal name QUINTIUS plus the local suffix -acum. This is the name of a village in France.
CZAJKÓW   (Settlement)   Polish
Derived from Polish czajka meaning "lapwing (bird)". This is the name of several towns in Poland.
DEBENHAM   (Settlement)   English
From the Old English river name DEBEN combined with ham meaning "home, homestead". This is the name of a town in Suffolk, on the River Deben.
DELHI   (Settlement)   English
From Sanskrit दिल्ली (Dilli), possibly from देहली (dehali) meaning "threshold", or possibly from the name of a 1st-century BC king. This is the name of a large city in northern India, which includes the district of New Delhi, the Indian capital.
DELPHI   (Settlement)   Ancient Roman, English
Latinized form of Greek Δελφοι (Delphoi), from δελφυς (delphys) "womb". This was the name of an ancient Greek city, the site of an oracle of Apollo.
DELPHOI   (Settlement)   Ancient Greek
Greek form of DELPHI.
DERBY   (Settlement)   English
Means "deer farm" in Old Norse. This is the name of a city in England.
DILLI   (Settlement)   Indian, Hindi, Sanskrit
Sanskrit and Hindi form of DELHI.
DONGGYEONG   (Settlement)   Korean
Korean form of TOKYO.
DONGJING   (Settlement)   Chinese
Chinese form of TOKYO.
DUDLEY   (Settlement)   English
Means "DUDDA's clearing" in Old English. This is the name of a city in the West Midlands, England.
EATON   (Settlement)   English
Derived from Old English ea "river" and tun "enclosure, yard, town". This is the name of several English towns.
EBORACUM   (Settlement)   Ancient Celtic (Latinized)
Latinized form of YORK.
ESSEN   (Settlement)   German, English
From older Astnide, possibly a derivative of Old High German asc meaning "ash tree". This is the name of a city in Germany, founded in the 9th century.
ESTOCOLMO   (Settlement)   Spanish
Spanish form of STOCKHOLM.
ETXEBERRIA   (Settlement)   Basque
Means "the new house", from Basque etxe "house" and berri "new". This was the name of a village (and castle) in Navarre where the saint Francis Xavier was born.
EWART   (Settlement)   English
From Old English ea "river" and worþ "enclosure". This is the name of a town in Northumberland, England.
FARNHAM   (Settlement)   English
From Old English fearn "fern" and ham "home" or ham "water meadow, enclosure". This is the name of several towns in England, notably in Surrey.
FÁTIMA   (Settlement)   Portuguese
Derived from the Arabic feminine name FATIMAH, apparently after a Moorish princess who converted to Christianity during the Reconquista. This is the name of a town in Portugal, which became an important Christian pilgrimage center after 1917 when three local children reported witnessing repeated apparitions of the Virgin Mary.
FILIPÓW   (Settlement)   Polish
Derived from the given name FILIP. This is the name of a town in Poland.
FORUM IULII   (Settlement & Region)   Ancient Roman
Latin form of FRIULI, the name of both the region and the town.
FOULDEN   (Settlement)   English
From Old English fugol meaning "bird" and dun meaning "hill". This is the name of a town in Norfolk.
GARY   (Settlement)   English
City in Indiana which was named after businessman Elbert Henry GARY (1846-1927), the founder of U.S. Steel.
GLYMPTON   (Settlement)   English
Derived from the name of the river GLYME and Old English tun "enclosure, yard, town". This is the name of small town in Oxfordshire, England.
GRAINVILLE   (Settlement)   French
Means "GUARIN's town" in Old French. This is the name of various towns in Normandy.
HAILEY   (Settlement)   English
From Old English heg "hay" and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of a town in Oxfordshire, England.
HAMILTON   (Settlement)   English
Means "crooked hill" from Old English hamel "crooked, mutilated" and dun "hill". This was the name of a town in Leicestershire, England (which no longer exists). After the town name became a surname, it was used for several other cities, including ones in Scotland, Canada, Australia and the United States.
HARLEY   (Settlement)   English
From Old English hara "hare" and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of towns in England.
HOFWEGEN   (Settlement)   Dutch
From Dutch hof meaning "garden, courtyard" and weg meaning "way, path, road". This is the name of a town in the Netherlands.
HUXLEY   (Settlement)   English
From Old English hux "insult, scorn" (possibly) and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of a town in Cheshire, England.
IBARRA   (Settlement)   Basque, Spanish
Derived from Basque ibar meaning "meadow". This is the name of a few Basque towns.
IRVINE   (River & Settlement)   Scottish
Derived from Old Celtic meaning "green water". This is a river and city in North Ayrshire, Scotland.
ISKANDARIYAH   (Settlement)   Arabic
Arabic form of ALEXANDRIA, usually written with the definite article: الإسكندرية (al-Iskandariyah).
JAVIER   (Settlement)   Spanish
Spanish form of ETXEBERRIA.
KANNE   (Settlement)   Dutch
Meaning unknown. This is the name of a town in the province of Limburg in Belgium.
KASHI   (Settlement)   Indian, Hindi, Telugu, Tamil, Sanskrit
From Sanskrit काशि (kashi) meaning "shining". This is the name of a holy city in India, also called Varanasi.
KIMBERLEY (1)   (Settlement)   English
Means either "CYNEBURGA's field", "CYNEBALD's field" or "CYNEMÆR's field". This is the name of towns in Warwickshire, Nottinghamshire and Norfolk.
KIMBERLEY (2)   (Settlement)   English
City in South Africa which was named after John Wodehouse, 1st Earl of Kimberley (1826-1902). His title was taken from the name of the town of KIMBERLEY (1) in Norfolk.
KOBE   (Settlement)   Japanese
Possibly means "shrine supporters", in reference to the families who tended the local Ikuta Shrine. This is the name of a city in Japan.
KÖLN   (Settlement)   German
German form of COLOGNE.
KOUBE   (Settlement)   Japanese
Variant transcription of KOBE.
KYNASTON   (Settlement)   English
Means "CYNEFRITH's town" in Old English. This is the name of hamlets in Herefordshire and Shropshire.
LANGLEY   (Settlement)   English
From Old English lang "long" and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of a numerous towns in the United Kingdom and North America.
LASSY   (Settlement)   French
Derived from Lascius, a Gallo-Roman name of unknown meaning. This is the name of a commune in Calvados, France.
LAURETUM   (Settlement)   Ancient Roman
Latin form of LORETO.
LINCOLN   (Settlement)   English
Derived from the Brythonic element lindo "lake, pool" and Latin colonia "colony". This is a city in eastern England.
LONDEN   (Settlement)   Dutch
Dutch form of LONDON.
LONDINIUM   (Settlement)   Ancient Roman
Latin form of LONDON.
LONDON   (Settlement)   English, German, Danish, Swedish, Norwegian, Russian, Croatian, Serbian, Slovene
From Latin Londinium, of unknown meaning. This is the capital city of the United Kingdom.
LONDRA   (Settlement)   Italian
Italian form of LONDON.
LONDRES   (Settlement)   French, Spanish, Portuguese
French, Spanish and Portuguese form of LONDON.
LONDÝN   (Settlement)   Czech, Slovak
Czech and Slovak form of LONDON.
LONDYN   (Settlement)   Polish
Polish form of LONDON.
LORETO   (Settlement)   Italian, Spanish
From Latin Lauretum meaning "laurel grove". This is the name of a town in eastern Italy.
LUGUVALIUM   (Settlement)   Ancient Roman
Older Roman name of CARLISLE.
MACARENA   (Settlement)   Spanish
Barrio (district) in Seville, which got its name from a temple which may have been named for a person Macarius (see MACARIO).
MADINAH   (Settlement)   Arabic
Arabic form of MEDINA, usually written with the definite article: المدينة (al-Madinah).
MALLEVILLE   (Settlement)   French
Means "bad town" in Norman French. This is the name of communes in Normandy, France.
MASSY   (Settlement)   French
Derived from Maccius, a Gallo-Roman name of unknown meaning. This is the name of several communes in France.
MAXWELL   (Settlement)   Scottish
Means "Mack's stream", from the name Mack, a short form of the Scandinavian name MAGNUS, combined with Old English well "well stream". This is the name of a place in Roxburghshire, Scotland.
MAYLIS   (Settlement)   French
Possibly derived from Occitan mair "mother" and French lys "lily". This is the name of a commune in southern France.
MEDINA   (Settlement)   English
English form of Arabic المدينة (al-Madinah) meaning "the city". This is the name of a city in Saudi Arabia, considered a holy site in Islam because the Prophet Muhammad was based there for a period.
MEDIOLANUM   (Settlement)   Ancient Roman
Latin form of MILAN.
MEHXICO   (Country & Settlement)   Aztec
Nahuatl form of MEXICO.
MEKSYK   (Country & Settlement)   Polish
Polish form of MEXICO.
MESSICO   (Country & Settlement)   Italian
Italian form of MEXICO.
MÉXICO   (Country & Settlement)   Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish (and Portuguese) form of MEXICO.
MEXICO   (Country & Settlement)   English, French
From Spanish México, itself derived from Nahuatl Mehxico. There are many theories regarding the ultimate origin, including Nahuatl metztli meaning "moon" combined with xictli meaning "navel". This is the name of a country in North America, as well as its capital city (the country is named after the city). In French Mexico is the name of the capital city, while the country is called Mexique.
MEXIKO   (Country & Settlement)   German
German form of MEXICO.
MILAN   (Settlement)   English, French
From Latin Mediolanum, perhaps derived from Celtic elements meaning "middle of the plain". This is the name of a major city in Italy.
MILANO   (Settlement)   Italian
Italian form of MILAN.
MONTGOMERY   (Settlement)   French
Means "GUMARICH's mountain" in Norman French. This is the name of communes in Calvados, France.
NAPLES   (Settlement)   English
From Latin Neapolis, from Greek Νεαπολις (Neapolis) meaning "new city". This is the name of a city in southern Italy, originally founded as a Greek colony.
NAPOLI   (Settlement)   Italian
Italian form of NAPLES.
NATZRAT   (Settlement)   Ancient Hebrew, Hebrew
Hebrew form of NAZARETH.
NAZARET   (Settlement)   Spanish, Italian, German, Greek, Armenian, Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek
Spainish, Italian, German, Armenian and Greek form of NAZARETH.
NAZARETH   (Settlement)   English, French, Biblical, Biblical Latin
Possibly means "branch" in Hebrew. This is the name of a town in Galilee in Israel. It was the home town of Jesus.
NEAPOLIS   (Settlement)   Ancient Roman, Ancient Greek
Greek and Latin form of NAPLES.
NIFTRIK   (Settlement)   Dutch
Meaning unknown. This is the name of a town in the province of Gelderland in the Netherlands.
OCHTRUP   (Settlement)   German
The name of a town in Germany, of uncertain meaning.
ODESSA   (Settlement)   Russian
Meaning unknown. This is the name of a Ukrainian city that sits on the north coast of the Black Sea.
OIRSCHOT   (Settlement)   Dutch
Possibly from Dutch oeros meaning "aurochs" and schoot meaning "projection (of land)". This is the name of a town in the province of Noord-Brabant in the Netherlands.
PARIS   (Settlement)   French, English
From the ancient Celtic tribe known as the Parisii. This is the capital city of France.
PECHINO   (Settlement)   Italian
Italian form of BEIJING.
PÉKIN   (Settlement)   French
French form of BEIJING.
PEKÍN   (Settlement)   Spanish
Spanish form of BEIJING.
PEKIN   (Settlement)   Japanese
Japanese form of BEIJING.
PEKING   (Settlement)   German, Dutch, Czech, English (Archaic)
German, Dutch and Czech form of BEIJING, as well as an older English form.
PEQUIM   (Settlement)   Portuguese
Portuguese form of BEIJING.
PEST   (Settlement)   Hungarian
Possibly from a Slavic word meaning "cave". This was the name of a city on the east bank of the Danube in Hungary. After a bridge was built across the river in 1849, Pest merged with Buda to form Budapest in 1873.
PEY   (Settlement)   Dutch
Meaning unknown. This is the name of a town in Limburg in the Netherlands.
PEYTON   (Settlement)   English
Means "PÆGA's town". This is the name of a town in Sussex.
PHILADELPHIA   (Settlement)   Biblical, English
Means "brotherly love" from Greek φιλεω (phileo) "to love" and αδελφος (adelphos) "brother". This was the name of a city in Asia Minor mentioned in Revelation in the New Testament. It is now known as Alaşehir (in Turkey). It is also the name of a city in the United States.
PHILADELPHIEA   (Settlement)   Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek
Greek form of PHILADELPHIA.
PORTO   (Settlement)   Portuguese, English
Modern form of PORTUS CALE. This is the name of a city in Portugal.
PORTUS CALE   (Settlement)   Ancient Roman
Means "port of CALE" in Latin. This was the name of the city now known as Porto. The name of the city was later applied to the entire region of Portugal.
PRETORIA   (Settlement)   Southern African, Afrikaans, Dutch, English
From the surname PRETORIUS. This is the name of a city in South Africa, named after the 19th-century Boer leader Andries Pretorius.
PRIESTLEY   (Settlement)   English
From Old English preost "priest" and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of a few small towns in England.
QAHIRAH   (Settlement)   Arabic
Arabic form of CAIRO, usually written with the definite article: القاهرة (al-Qahirah).
QUÉBEC   (Settlement & Political Subdivision)   French
French form of QUEBEC.
QUEBEC   (Settlement & Political Subdivision)   English
English form of French Québec, derived from the Algonquin word kepec meaning "narrows", referring to the Saint Lawrence River near Quebec city. This is the name of a Canadian province and also the capital city of that province.
RAMSEY   (Settlement)   English
Means "garlic island", derived from Old English hramsa "garlic" and eg "island". This is the name of villages in England.
RAVENNA   (Settlement)   Italian
Means unknown, probably of Etruscan origin. This is the name of a city in Italy.
ROMA   (Settlement)   Italian, Spanish, Catalan, Ancient Roman
Latinate form of ROME.
ROME   (Settlement)   English, French
Meaning uncertain, from Latin Roma. This is the name of the capital city of Italy. According to legend the city was named for ROMULUS.
ROSS   (Region & Settlement)   Scottish
From Scottish Gaelic ros meaning "promontory". This is the name of a historic region in northern Scotland, as well as towns in Scotland and northern England.
ROSSUM   (Settlement)   Dutch
From the older Rotheheim, derived from Dutch rothe "cleared area in a forest" and heim "home". This is the name of a town in Gelderland in the Netherlands.
ROYSTON   (Settlement)   English
Means "Royse's town" in Old English. The given name Royse was a medieval variant of ROSE. This is the name of a town in Hertfordshire.
SAINT CLAIR   (Settlement)   French
Name commemorating Saint CLAIR. This is the name of several communes in France.
SAINT DENIS   (Settlement)   French
Name commemorating Saint DENIS. This is the name of several communes in France.
SAINT MAUR   (Settlement)   French
Name commemorating Saint MAURUS. This is the name of several communes in France.
SANTIAGO   (Settlement)   Spanish, Portuguese
This is the name of several cities in the Spain and Portugal, so-named for Saint JAMES (see the given name SANTIAGO for more information). It is also used for many other cities in the Spanish and Portuguese-speaking worlds, notably the capital city of Chile.
SCHOORL   (Settlement)   Dutch
From older Scoronlo, meaning "forest by the shore" in Dutch. This is the name of a town in the province of Noord-Holland in the Netherlands.
SHIRAZ   (Settlement)   Persian
Meaning unknown. The name is recorded in Elamite as Tiraziš. This is the name of a city in southern Iran.
STOCCOLMA   (Settlement)   Italian
Italian form of STOCKHOLM.
STOCKHOLM   (Settlement)   Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, English, German, Dutch, French
From Swedish stock "log" and holme "islet". The islet probably referred to Helgeandsholmen in central Stockholm. This is the name of the capital city of Sweden. The first written mention of the name occurs in 1252.
STOKGOLM   (Settlement)   Russian
Russian form of STOCKHOLM.
SYDNEY   (Settlement)   English
City in Australia which was named after Thomas Townshend, 1st Viscount Sydney (1733-1800). His title originally came from the name of its first holder, Robert SIDNEY (1563-1626).
TAHRAN   (Settlement)   Arabic
Arabic form of TEHRAN.
TARAH   (Settlement)   Biblical
A place name (an encampment) used in some versions of the Old Testament. It is identical to the personal name TERAH.
TATHAM   (Settlement)   English
From the Old English given name TATA combined with ham meaning "homestead". This is the name of a town in Lancashire.
TATTON   (Settlement)   English
From the Old English given name TATA combined with tun meaning "enclosure, yard, town". This is the name of a town in Cheshire.
TÉHÉRAN   (Settlement)   French
French form of TEHRAN.
TEHERAN   (Settlement)   German, Italian
German and Italian form of TEHRAN.
TEHRAN   (Settlement)   Persian, English
From Persian تهران (Tehran), meaning unknown. This is the name of the capital city of Iran.
TEMAN   (Settlement)   Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Means "right hand" or "south" in Hebrew. This is an Edomite town in the Old Testament, supposedly named for a grandson of Esau.
TERACH   (Settlement)   Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of TARAH.
TOKYO   (Settlement)   Japanese, English, French
From Japanese (tou) meaning "east" and (kyou) meaning "capital city". This is the name of the capital of Japan.
TÓQUIO   (Settlement)   Portuguese
Portuguese form of TOKYO.
TOUKYOU   (Settlement)   Japanese
Variant transcription of TOKYO.
TRACY   (Settlement)   French
Derived from the given name THRACIUS. This is the name of communes in Calvados, France.
TREFOR   (Settlement)   Welsh
Means "big village" from Welsh tref "village" and mawr "large". This is the name of a town in Gwynedd, Wales.
TRENT (2)   (Settlement)   English
English form of TRENTO.
TRENTO   (Settlement)   Italian
Derived from Latin Tridentum meaning "three teeth", a reference to three surrounding hills. This is the name of a city in Trentino, Italy.
TRENTON   (Settlement)   English
Means "TRENT's town". This is the name of a New Jersey city established in the 17th century by William Trent.
TUKHOLMA   (Settlement)   Finnish
Finnish form of STOCKHOLM.
UPTON   (Settlement)   English
From Old English upp "up" and tun "enclosure, yard, town". This is the name of various towns in England.
VALENCE   (Settlement & Region)   French
French form of VALENCIA.
VALÈNCIA   (Settlement & Region)   Catalan
Catalan (Valencian) form of VALENCIA.
VALENCIA   (Settlement & Region)   Spanish, Italian, English, German
The name of a city and surrounding region in eastern Spain, originally named in Latin Valentia (Edetanorum) meaning "strength (of the Edetani people)", and derived from Latin valentius "strength, vigour", from valens "strong, vigourous". Besides the city in Spain, this is also the name of a city in Venezuala.
VALENTIA   (Settlement & Region)   Ancient Roman
Latin form of VALENCIA.
VARŠAVA   (Settlement)   Czech
Czech form of WARSAW.
VERONA   (Settlement)   Italian, Spanish, English, Ancient Roman
Meaning unknown, possibly of Latin, Gallic or Etruscan origin. This is the name of a city in northern Italy.
VÉRONE   (Settlement)   French
French form of VERONA.
VICTORIA   (Political Subdivision, Settlement & Body of Water)   English
From the given name VICTORIA. It has generally been bestowed in honour of Queen Victoria (1819-1901). This is the name of many places in the former British Empire, including an Australian state and a Canadian city.
WAKEFIELD   (Settlement)   English
From Old English wacu "wake, vigil" and feld "field". This is the name of a city in England.
WALMERSLEY   (Settlement)   English
Meaning uncertain. The final element is Old English leah "woodland, clearing". The first element may be a given name such as WEALDMÆR or WEALHMÆR. This is the name of a town near Manchester.
WARSAW   (Settlement)   English
From Polish Warszawa, derived from the given name Warsz, a short form of WARCISŁAW. This is the name of the capital city of Poland.
WARSCHAU   (Settlement)   German
German form of WARSAW.
WARSZAWA   (Settlement)   Polish
Polish form of WARSAW.
WARWICK   (Settlement)   English
From Old English wer "weir, dam" and wíc "village, town". This is the name of a town in England.
WASHINGTON   (Settlement & Political Subdivision)   English
Means "settlement belonging to Wassa's people", from the given name WASSA and Old English tun meaning "enclosure, yard, town". This is the name of a town in northern England. It is also the name of the capital city and a state in the United States, both named after the president George Washington (1732-1799), whose surname was derived from the name of the English town.
WEMBLEY   (Settlement)   English
Means "WEMBA's clearing" in Old English. This was the name of a town that is now part of Greater London.
WESTCOTT   (Settlement)   English
From Old English west "west" and cot "cottage". This is the name of several towns in England.
WESTLEY   (Settlement)   English
From Old English west "west" and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of a few small English towns.
WHITNEY   (Settlement)   English
Probably from Old English hwit "white" and eg "island". This is the name of a small town in Herefordshire.
WICKHAM   (Settlement)   English
From Old English wíc "village, town" (of Latin origin) and ham "home, settlement". This is the name of a few towns in England.
WIEREN   (Settlement)   Dutch
Means "seaweed" in Dutch. This is the name of towns in Frisia and other parts of the Netherlands.
WILLOUGHBY   (Settlement)   English
From Old English wilig meaning "willow" and Old Norse býr "farm, settlement". This is the name of several towns in England.
WILTON   (Settlement)   English
From Old English wilig meaning "willow", well meaning "well, spring, water hole", or the name of the River WYLYE, combined with tun "enclosure, yard, town". This is the name of various towns in England.
WINCHESTER   (Settlement)   English
Derived from Venta, of Celtic origin, and Latin castrum meaning "camp, fortress". This is the name of a city in southern England.
WINSLOW   (Settlement)   English
Means "WINE's hill" in Old English. This is the name of a town in Buckinghamshire.
WINTHROPE (1)   (Settlement)   English
Means "Wine's village", from the given name WINE and Old English þorp "village". This is the name of a town in Lincolnshire.
WINTHROPE (2)   (Settlement)   English
Means "Wigmund's village", from the given name WIGMUND and Old English þorp "village". This is the name of a town in Nottinghamshire.
WINTON   (Settlement)   English
Means "WINE's enclosure" in Old English. This is the name of various towns in England.
WORTHAM   (Settlement)   English
From Old English worþ "enclosure" and ham "home, settlement". This is the name of a town in Suffolk.
WYMONDHAM   (Settlement)   English
From the given name WIGMUND combined with Old English ham "home, settlement". This is the name of a town in Norfolk.
WYRZYKI   (Settlement)   Polish
Meaning uncertain, possibly from the Polish prefix wy "away from" and rzek "river". This is the name of a few small Polish towns.
XABIER   (Settlement)   Basque
Modern form of ETXEBERRIA.
YORK   (Settlement & Political Subdivision)   English
From Eboracum, the Latinized form of a Brythonic name like Eburacon meaning "yew". It was altered by association with Old English Eoforwic meaning "pig farm". This is the name of a city in northern England. The American city and state of New York were named after the Duke of York (James II of England).
YOXALL   (Settlement)   English
Derived from Old English geoc "oxen yoke" and halh "nook, recess". This is the name of a town in Staffordshire.
ZABALA   (Settlement)   Basque
From Basque zabal meaning "large, wide". This is the name of district within the city of Bilbao in Spain.
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