Settlement Place Names

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NINEVE (Settlement) Biblical Latin
Biblical Latin form of NINEVEH.
NINEVEH (Settlement) English, Biblical
From Akkadian 𒉌𒉡𒀀 (Ninua), possibly related to 𒄩 (nūnu) meaning "fish". When written, the name is usually prefixed with 𒌷 indicating a city. This may have referred to an aspect of Ishtar, as from an early time the city was a center of worship of the goddess. The cuneiform symbols used to represent the city's name depict a fish within a house.... [more]
NINEWEH (Settlement) Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of NINEVEH.
NÍNIVE (Settlement) Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of NINEVEH.
NINIVE (Settlement) French, Italian, German
French, Italian and German form of NINEVEH.
NINUA (Settlement) Akkadian
Akkadian form of NINEVEH.
NØRUP (Settlement) Danish
Meaning unknown. This is the name of towns in Denmark.
OCHTRUP (Settlement) German
The name of a town in Germany, of uncertain meaning.
ODESSA (Settlement) Russian
Meaning unknown. This is the name of a Ukrainian city that sits on the north coast of the Black Sea.
OIRSCHOT (Settlement) Dutch
Possibly from Dutch oeros meaning "aurochs" and schoot meaning "projection (of land)". This is the name of a town in the province of Noord-Brabant in the Netherlands.
ORELLANA (Settlement) Spanish
Probably from Latin AURELIANA. This is the name of towns in Badajoz, Spain.
ORLÉANS (Settlement) French
French form of AURELIANUM, the name of a city in central France. The city in Louisiana, La Nouvelle-Orléans or New Orleans, was named after Philippe II, the Duke of Orléans.
ORLEANS (Settlement) English
English form of ORLÉANS. This is the name of several towns in the Americas, notably the city of New Orleans in Louisiana.
PADOUE (Settlement) French
French form of PADUA.
PÀDOVA (Settlement) Venetian
Venetian form of PADUA.
PADOVA (Settlement) Italian, Romanian, Croatian, Serbian
Italian, Romanian, Croatian and Serbian form of PADUA.
PADUA (Settlement) English, German, Spanish, Dutch
From Italian Padova, Latin Patavium, of unknown meaning. This is the name of a city in northern Italy.
PAPIA (Settlement) Late Roman
Late Latin form of PAVIA.
PARIGI (Settlement) Italian
Italian form of PARIS.
PARÍS (Settlement) Spanish
Spanish form of PARIS.
PARIS (Settlement) French, English, German
From the ancient Celtic tribe known as the Parisii. This is the capital city of France.
PATAVIUM (Settlement) Ancient Roman
Latin form of PADUA.
PAVÍA (Settlement) Spanish
Spanish form of PAVIA.
PAVIA (Settlement) Italian, English
From Late Latin Papia, of unknown meaning. This is the name of a city in northern Italy. In classical Latin it was called Ticinum.
PECHINO (Settlement) Italian
Italian form of BEIJING.
PÉKIN (Settlement) French
French form of BEIJING.
PEKÍN (Settlement) Spanish
Spanish form of BEIJING.
PEKIN (Settlement) Japanese
Japanese form of BEIJING.
PEKING (Settlement) German, Dutch, Czech, English (Archaic)
German, Dutch and Czech form of BEIJING, as well as an older English form.
PENZIG (Settlement) German
German form of PIEŃSK.
PEQUIM (Settlement) Portuguese
Portuguese form of BEIJING.
PESARO (Settlement) Italian, English
From Latin Pisaurum, of uncertain meaning. This is the name of a city in central Italy.
PEST (Settlement) Hungarian
Possibly from a Slavic word meaning "cave". This was the name of a city on the east bank of the Danube in Hungary. After a bridge was built across the river in 1849, Pest merged with Buda to form Budapest in 1873.
PETRA (Settlement) Ancient Greek, English
From Greek πετρα (petra) meaning "rock". This was the Greek name of the capital city of the Nabataeans, which may have been known as Raqmu to its Semitic inhabitants. Its ruins lie in Jordan.
PEY (Settlement) Dutch
Meaning unknown. This is the name of a town in Limburg in the Netherlands.
PEYTON (Settlement) English
Means "PÆGA's town". This is the name of a town in Sussex.
PHILADELPHIA (Settlement) Biblical, English
Means "brotherly love" from Greek φιλεω (phileo) meaning "to love" and αδελφος (adelphos) meaning "brother". This was the name of a city in Asia Minor mentioned in Revelation in the New Testament. It is now known as Alaşehir (in Turkey). It is also the name of a city in the United States.
PIEŃSK (Settlement) Polish
Derived from Polish pień meaning "stump, tree trunk". This is the name of a town in Silesia in Poland.
PISAURUM (Settlement) Ancient Roman
Latin form of PESARO.
POIX (Settlement) French
Possibly from Old French peis meaning "fish". This is the name of a town in Picardy, France.
PONTECORVO (Settlement) Italian
From Italian ponte "bridge" and curvo "curved". This is the name of a town in central Italy.
PORTO (Settlement) Portuguese, English
Modern form of PORTUS CALE. This is the name of a city in Portugal.
PORTUS CALE (Settlement) Ancient Roman
Means "port of CALE" in Latin. This was the name of the city now known as Porto. The name of the city was later applied to the entire region of Portugal.
PRAAG (Settlement) Dutch
Dutch form of Praha (see PRAGUE).
PRAG (Settlement) German, Swedish, Danish, Icelandic, Luxembourgish, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Turkish
German, Swedish, Danish, Icelandic, Luxembourgish, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian and Turkish form of Praha (see PRAGUE).
PRAGA (Settlement) Italian, Romanian, Polish, Russian
Italian, Romanian, Polish and Russian form of Praha (see PRAGUE).
PRAGUE (Settlement) English, French
From Czech Praha, possibly from the Slavic root práh meaning "ford". This is the name of the capital city of the Czech Republic.
PRAHA (Settlement) Czech, Slovak, Norwegian, Finnish
Czech form of PRAGUE.
PRETORIA (Settlement) Southern African, Afrikaans, Dutch, English
From the surname PRETORIUS. This is the name of a city in South Africa, named after the 19th-century Boer leader Andries Pretorius.
PRIESTLEY (Settlement) English
From Old English preost "priest" and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of a few small towns in England.
QAHIRAH (Settlement) Arabic
Arabic form of CAIRO, usually written with the definite article: القاهرة (al-Qahirah).
QUDS (Settlement) Arabic
Means "holy" in Arabic. This is the Arabic name for Jerusalem, usually written with the definite article: القُدْس (al-Quds).
QUÉBEC (Settlement & Political Subdivision) French
French form of QUEBEC.
QUEBEC (Settlement & Political Subdivision) English
English form of French Québec, derived from the Algonquin word kepec meaning "narrows", referring to the Saint Lawrence River near Quebec city. This is the name of a Canadian province and also the capital city of that province.
RAMSEY (Settlement) English
Means "garlic island", derived from Old English hramsa "garlic" and eg "island". This is the name of villages in England.
RAVENNA (Settlement) Italian
Meaning unknown, probably of Etruscan origin. This is the name of a city in Italy.
RAYNE (Settlement) English
Possibly from an Old English word meaning "shelter". This is the name of a town in Essex.
RENNES (Settlement) French, English
From Latin Condate Riedonum, derived from the name of the Gaulish tribe of the Redones. This is the name of a town in Brittany, France.
ROM (Settlement) German
German form of ROME.
ROMA (Settlement) Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Catalan, Romanian, Ancient Roman
Latinate form of ROME.
ROME (Settlement) English, French, Dutch
Meaning uncertain, from Latin Roma. This is the name of the capital city of Italy, formerly the capital of the Roman Kingdom, Republic and Empire. According to legend the city was named for ROMULUS.
ROMILEY (Settlement) English
From Old English rum "roomy, spacious" and leah "woodland, clearing". This was the name of a town that is now part of Greater Manchester.
ROMILLY (Settlement) French
From the Latin name Romilius, a derivative of ROMULUS. This is the name of several communes in northern France.
ROSS (Region & Settlement) Scottish
From Scottish Gaelic ros meaning "promontory". This is the name of a historic region in northern Scotland, as well as towns in Scotland and northern England.
ROSSUM (Settlement) Dutch
From the older Rotheheim, derived from Dutch rothe "cleared area in a forest" and heim "home". This is the name of a town in Gelderland in the Netherlands.
ROYSTON (Settlement) English
Means "Royse's town" in Old English. The given name Royse was a medieval variant of ROSE. This is the name of a town in Hertfordshire.
RUTHERFORD (Settlement) Scottish
From Old English hryðer "cattle" and ford "ford, river crossing". This was the name of a town in southern Scotland.
RYLEY (Settlement) English
From Old English ryge "rye" and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of a town in Lancashire, England.
SAINT CLAIR (Settlement) French
Name commemorating Saint CLAIR. This is the name of several communes in France.
SAINT DENIS (Settlement) French
Name commemorating Saint DENIS. This is the name of several communes in France.
SAINT MARTIN (Settlement) French
Name commemorating Saint MARTIN. This is the name of several communes in France.
SAINT MAUR (Settlement) French
Name commemorating Saint MAURUS. This is the name of several communes in France.
SAINT PIERRE (Settlement & Island) French
Name commemorating Saint PETER. This is the name of several communes in France as well as a French island near Newfoundland.
SAMARA (Settlement & River) Russian, English, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, French, German
Meaning unknown, possibly of Kyrgyz origin. This is the name of a city in Russia, founded in the 16th century, as well as the river on which it is situated.
SAMARRA (Settlement) Arabic, English, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, French, German
This is the name of a city in Iraq, the capital of the Abbasid Caliphate in the 9th century. It was possibly built at the site of the ancient Assyrian city of Surmarrati, which is of uncertain meaning.
SANDFORD (Settlement) English
From Old English sand "sand" and ford "ford, river crossing". This is the name of several towns in England.
SAN NICOLÁS (Settlement) Spanish
The name of several places in the Spanish-speaking world, in honour of Saint NICHOLAS.
SANTA ANA (Settlement) Spanish
The name of several places in the Spanish-speaking world, in honour of Saint ANNA.
SANTANA (Settlement) Portuguese
The name of several places in the Portuguese-speaking world, in honour of Saint ANNA.
SANTIAGO (Settlement) Spanish, Portuguese
This is the name of several cities in Spain and Portugal, so-named for Saint JAMES (see the given name SANTIAGO for more information). It is also used for many other cities in the Spanish and Portuguese-speaking worlds, notably the capital city of Chile.
SCHOORL (Settlement) Dutch
From older Scoronlo, meaning "forest by the shore" in Dutch. This is the name of a town in the province of Noord-Holland in the Netherlands.
SCHWYTZ (Settlement & Political Subdivision) French
French form of SCHWYZ.
SCHWYZ (Settlement & Political Subdivision) German, English, Spanish
Meaning uncertain, possibly related to Old High German suedan "to burn" or possibly of Celtic origin. This is the name of a town (and a canton named for it) in central Switzerland.
SCIACCA (Settlement) Italian
Meaning uncertain, perhaps of Arabic origin. This is the name of a town on Sicily.
SEABROOK (Settlement) English
From the old name of a river combined with Old English broc "stream". This is the name of a town in Buckinghamshire, England.
SELA (Settlement) Biblical
Means "rock" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of a city, the capital of Edom. In the Greek and Latin Old Testament the name is translated as Petra, though it may be distinct from the Nabataean city.
SELA' (Settlement) Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of SELA.
SELBY (Settlement) English
From Old Norse selja "willow, sallow" and býr "farm, settlement". This is the name of a city near York in England.
SHERBORNE (Settlement) English
From Old English scir "bright" and burna "spring, fountain, stream". This is the name of several towns in England.
SHERBURN (Settlement) English
Variant of SHERBORNE, also the name of several English towns.
SHIRAZ (Settlement) Persian
Meaning unknown. The name is recorded in Elamite as Tiraziš. This is the name of a city in southern Iran.
SLANE (Settlement) Irish
From the given name SLÁINE. This is the name of a town in Ireland, said to be named for the legendary high king Sláine.
STIRLING (Settlement) English
Meaning unknown. This is the name of a city in Scotland.
ST JOHN (Settlement) English
Name commemorating Saint JOHN. This is the name of several towns in England.
STOCCOLMA (Settlement) Italian
Italian form of STOCKHOLM.
STOCKHOLM (Settlement) Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, English, German, Dutch, French
From Swedish stock "log" and holme "islet". The islet probably referred to Helgeandsholmen in central Stockholm. This is the name of the capital city of Sweden. The first written mention of the name occurs in 1252.
STOKGOLM (Settlement) Russian
Russian form of STOCKHOLM.
SVITTO (Settlement & Political Subdivision) Italian
Italian form of SCHWYZ.
SWITZ (Settlement) Medieval German
Medieval German form of SCHWYZ.
SYDNEY (Settlement) English
City in Australia that was named after Thomas Townshend, 1st Viscount Sydney (1733-1800). His title originally came from the name of its first holder, Robert SIDNEY (1563-1626).
SZABOLCS (Settlement & Region) Hungarian
From the given name SZABOLCS. This is the name of a town and a region in Hungary.
TAHRAN (Settlement) Arabic
Arabic form of TEHRAN.
TARAH (Settlement) Biblical
A place name (an encampment) used in some versions of the Old Testament. It is identical to the personal name TERAH.
TATHAM (Settlement) English
From the Old English given name TATA combined with ham meaning "homestead". This is the name of a town in Lancashire.
TATTON (Settlement) English
From the Old English given name TATA combined with tun meaning "enclosure, yard, town". This is the name of a town in Cheshire.
TÉHÉRAN (Settlement) French
French form of TEHRAN.
TEHERAN (Settlement) German, Italian
German and Italian form of TEHRAN.
TEHRAN (Settlement) Persian, English
From Persian تهران (Tehran), meaning unknown. This is the name of the capital city of Iran.
TEMAN (Settlement) Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Means "right hand" or "south" in Hebrew. This is an Edomite town in the Old Testament, supposedly named for a grandson of Esau.
TERACH (Settlement) Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of TARAH.
THORNLEY (Settlement) English
From Old English þorn "thorn" and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of several towns in England and Scotland.
THORNTON (Settlement) English
From Old English þorn "thorn" and tun "enclosure, yard, town". This is the name of several English towns.
TIMBUKTU (Settlement) English, Arabic, Central African, Bamileke
Meaning uncertain. It could be derived from Songhai meaning "hollow, hole", or from Berber meaning "place of small dunes". This is the name of a city in central Mali. Descriptions of the city's wealth and remoteness first reached Europe from the 16th-century Berber author Leo Africanus. Since then the city has been used in Western Culture as a symbol for a distant, mysterious place.
TŌKYŌ (Settlement) Japanese
Japanese form of TOKYO.
TOKYO (Settlement) Japanese, English, French
From Japanese () meaning "east" and (kyō) meaning "capital city". This is the name of the capital of Japan.
TOMBOUCTOU (Settlement) French
French form of TIMBUKTU.
TOMBUCTÚ (Settlement) Spanish
Spanish form of TIMBUKTU.
TÓQUIO (Settlement) Portuguese
Portuguese form of TOKYO.
TRACY (Settlement) French
Derived from the given name THRACIUS. This is the name of communes in Calvados, France.
TREFOR (Settlement) Welsh
Means "big village" from Welsh tref "village" and mawr "large". This is the name of a town in Gwynedd, Wales.
TRENT (2) (Settlement) English
English form of TRENTO.
TRENTO (Settlement) Italian
Derived from Latin Tridentum meaning "three teeth", a reference to three surrounding hills. This is the name of a city in Trentino, Italy.
TRENTON (Settlement) English
Means "TRENT's town". This is the name of a New Jersey city established in the 17th century by William Trent.
TUKHOLMA (Settlement) Finnish
Finnish form of STOCKHOLM.
TUMBUTU (Settlement) Northern African, Koyra Chiini
Koyra Chiini form of TIMBUKTU.
UPTON (Settlement) English
From Old English upp "up" and tun "enclosure, yard, town". This is the name of various towns in England.
URUK (Settlement) Akkadian, English
From Sumerian 𒌷 (uru) meaning "city". This was the name of a city-state of ancient Sumer (later Akkad and Babylonia). It was inhabited until the time of the Islamic conquest of the area.
VALENCE (Settlement & Region) French
French form of VALENCIA.
VALÈNCIA (Settlement & Region) Catalan
Catalan (Valencian) form of VALENCIA.
VALENCIA (Settlement & Region) Spanish, Italian, English, German
The name of a city and surrounding region in eastern Spain, originally named in Latin Valentia (Edetanorum) meaning "strength (of the Edetani people)", and derived from Latin valentius "strength, vigour", from valens "strong, vigorous". Besides the city in Spain, this is also the name of a city in Venezuala.
VALENTIA (Settlement & Region) Ancient Roman
Latin form of VALENCIA.
VARŠAVA (Settlement) Czech, Slovak, Croatian, Serbian, Slovene
Czech, Slovak, Croatian, Serbian and Slovene form of Warszawa (see WARSAW).
VERONA (Settlement) Italian, Spanish, English, Ancient Roman
Meaning unknown, possibly of Latin, Gallic or Etruscan origin. This is the name of a city in northern Italy.
VÉRONE (Settlement) French
French form of VERONA.
VICTORIA (Political Subdivision, Settlement & Body of Water) English
From the given name VICTORIA. It has generally been bestowed in honour of Queen Victoria (1819-1901). This is the name of many places in the former British Empire, including an Australian state and a Canadian city.
WAKEFIELD (Settlement) English
From Old English wacu "wake, vigil" and feld "field". This is the name of a city in England.
WALMERSLEY (Settlement) English
Meaning uncertain. The final element is Old English leah "woodland, clearing". The first element may be a given name such as WEALDMÆR or WEALHMÆR. This is the name of a town near Manchester.
WARSAW (Settlement) English
From Polish Warszawa, derived from the given name Warsz, a short form of WARCISŁAW. This is the name of the capital city of Poland.
WARSCHAU (Settlement) German
German form of Warszawa (see WARSAW).
WARSZAWA (Settlement) Polish
Polish form of WARSAW.
WARWICK (Settlement) English
From Old English wer "weir, dam" and wíc "village, town". This is the name of a town in England.
WASHINGTON (Settlement & Political Subdivision) English
Means "settlement belonging to Wassa's people", from the given name WASSA and Old English tun meaning "enclosure, yard, town". This is the name of a town in northern England. It is also the name of the capital city and a state in the United States, both named after the president George Washington (1732-1799), whose surname was derived from the name of the English town.
WEMBLEY (Settlement) English
Means "WEMBA's clearing" in Old English. This was the name of a town that is now part of Greater London.
WESTCOTT (Settlement) English
From Old English west "west" and cot "cottage". This is the name of several towns in England.
WESTLEY (Settlement) English
From Old English west "west" and leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of a few small English towns.
WHITNEY (Settlement) English
Probably from Old English hwit "white" and eg "island". This is the name of a small town in Herefordshire.
WICKHAM (Settlement) English
From Old English wíc "village, town" (of Latin origin) and ham "home, settlement". This is the name of a few towns in England.
WIEREN (Settlement) Dutch
Means "seaweed" in Dutch. This is the name of towns in Frisia and other parts of the Netherlands.
WILLEY (Settlement) English
From Old English wilig "willow" or weoh "idol, image" combined with leah "woodland, clearing". This is the name of a few towns in England.
WILLOUGHBY (Settlement) English
From Old English wilig meaning "willow" and Old Norse býr "farm, settlement". This is the name of several towns in England.
WILTON (Settlement) English
From Old English wilig meaning "willow", well meaning "well, spring, water hole", or the name of the River WYLYE, combined with tun "enclosure, yard, town". This is the name of various towns in England.
WINCHESTER (Settlement) English
Derived from Venta, of Celtic origin, and Latin castrum meaning "camp, fortress". This is the name of a city in southern England.
WINSLOW (Settlement) English
Means "WINE's hill" in Old English. This is the name of a town in Buckinghamshire.
WINTHROPE (1) (Settlement) English
Means "Wine's village", from the given name WINE and Old English þrop "village". This is the name of a town in Lincolnshire.
WINTHROPE (2) (Settlement) English
Means "Wigmund's village", from the given name WIGMUND and Old English þrop "village". This is the name of a town in Nottinghamshire.
WINTON (Settlement) English
Means "WINE's enclosure" in Old English. This is the name of various towns in England.
WORTHAM (Settlement) English
From Old English worþ "enclosure" and ham "home, settlement". This is the name of a town in Suffolk.
WYMONDHAM (Settlement) English
From the given name WIGMUND combined with Old English ham "home, settlement". This is the name of a town in Norfolk.
WYRZYKI (Settlement) Polish
Meaning uncertain, possibly from the Polish prefix wy "away from" and rzek "river". This is the name of a few small Polish towns.
XABIER (Settlement) Basque
Modern form of ETXEBERRIA.
YERICHO (Settlement) Biblical Hebrew
Hebrew form of JERICHO.
YORK (Settlement & Political Subdivision) English
From Eboracum, the Latinized form of a Brythonic name like Eburacon meaning "yew". It was altered by association with Old English Eoforwic meaning "pig farm". This is the name of a city in northern England. The American city and state of New York were named after the Duke of York (James II of England).
YOXALL (Settlement) English
Derived from Old English geoc "oxen yoke" and halh "nook, recess". This is the name of a town in Staffordshire.
ZABALA (Settlement) Basque
From Basque zabal meaning "large, wide". This is the name of a district within the city of Bilbao in Spain.