Possibly derived from Basque asta
"rock" and ur
"water". This was the name of an 8th to 10th-century kingdom of northern Iberia. It is now the name of a Spanish province.
BAVARIA(Political Subdivision)English, Late Roman
From Late Latin Baiovarii
, the name of a Germanic tribe, named after an earlier Gaulish tribe the Boii
. This is the name of a state in Germany (called Bayern
Derived from Irish cabhán
meaning "hollow". This is the name of an Irish country.
CHESHIRE(Region & Political Subdivision)English
Shortened form of Chestershire
, a combination of CHESTER
COLOMBIE(Country & Political Subdivision)French
French form of COLOMBIA
and sometimes of COLUMBIA
(for example Colombie-Britannique
for British Columbia
COLUMBIA(Region, Settlement, Political Subdivision & River)English, Italian, Spanish
Named after the explorer Christopher Columbus, called Cristoforo Colombo
in Italian (see the surname COLOMBO
). This is the name of several cities in the Americas (including the District of Columbia, also called Washington D.C.), and a river in Canada and the United States. It is also a name used historically to refer to the New World.
CREMONA(Settlement & Political Subdivision)Italian
Probably from the name of the Celtic tribe the Cenomani, or possibly from a pre-Latin word meaning "stone". This is the name of a city and province in northern Italy
From the name of the Dumnonii, a Celtic tribe. This is the name of a county in England.
HOLLAND (1)(Political Subdivision & Country)Dutch, English, German
From Old Dutch holt
"forest" and lant
"land". This is the name of two provinces (North and South Holland) in the Netherlands. It is sometimes used to refer to the entire country of the Netherlands.
HOLSTEIN(Political Subdivision & Region)German, English, Dutch
From the name of a Saxon tribe, derived from Old Saxon holt
meaning "wood" and sat
meaning "inhabitant". This is the name of a historical region in Germany, near the Danish border. It forms part of the name of the modern German state of Schleswig-Holstein.
Means "land of the Indians". This is the name of an American state.
From Irish Gaelic Ciarraí
's people". This is the name of an Irish county.
LORRAINE(Political Subdivision)French, English
Ultimately from Latin Lothari regnum
meaning "kingdom of LOTHAR
". Lothar was a Frankish king, the great-grandson of Charlemagne, whose realm was in the part of France now called Lorraine
, or in German Lothringen
Derived from Latin montanus
"mountainous". This is the name of an American state.
MORAY(Region & Political Subdivision)Scottish
From Gaelic Muireb
meaning "seaboard settlement". This is the name of a historical region in Scotland, as well as a modern council area.
QUEBEC(Settlement & Political Subdivision)English
English form of French Québec
, derived from the Algonquin word kepec
meaning "narrows", referring to the Saint Lawrence River near Quebec city. This is the name of a Canadian province and also the capital city of that province.
ROMAGNA(Region & Political Subdivision)Italian, English, German
From Latin ROMANIA
, in this case the name of a historic region on the Adriatic coast of Italy (part of the modern administrative region of Emilia-Romagna).
SAXONY(Region & Political Subdivision)English
From the name of the Germanic tribe of the Saxons, ultimately derived from Germanic sahs
meaning "knife". This is the name of a historical region in Germany, and appears int he names of the German states of Saxony, Lower Saxony and Saxony-Anhalt.
SCHWYZ(Settlement & Political Subdivision)German, English, Spanish
Meaning uncertain, possibly related to Old High German suedan
"to burn" or possibly of Celtic origin. This is the name of a town (and a canton named for it) in central Switzerland
SURİYE(Political Subdivision & Country)Turkish
Turkish form of SYRIA
. This was the name of a province of the Ottoman Empire.
From Irish Gaelic Tir Eoghain
meaning "land of EOGHAN
". This is the name of a county in Northern Ireland.
VICTORIA(Political Subdivision, Settlement & Body of Water)English
From the given name VICTORIA
. It has generally been bestowed in honour of Queen Victoria (1819-1901). This is the name of many places in the former British Empire, including an Australian state and a Canadian city.
WASHINGTON(Settlement & Political Subdivision)English
Means "settlement belonging to Wassa's people", from the given name WASSA
and Old English tun
meaning "enclosure, yard, town". This is the name of a town in northern England. It is also the name of the capital city and a state in the United States, both named after the president George Washington (1732-1799), whose surname was derived from the name of the English town.
YORK(Settlement & Political Subdivision)English
, the Latinized form of a Brythonic name like Eburacon
meaning "yew". It was altered by association with Old English Eoforwic
meaning "pig farm". This is the name of a city in northern England. The American city and state of New York were named after the Duke of York (James II of England).