Political Subdivision Place Names

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ASTURIAS (Political Subdivision) Spanish
Possibly derived from Basque asta "rock" and ur "water". This was the name of an 8th to 10th-century kingdom of northern Iberia. It is now the name of a Spanish province.
BAVARIA (Political Subdivision) English, Late Roman
From Late Latin Baiovarii, the name of a Germanic tribe, named after an earlier Gaulish tribe the Boii. This is the name of a state in Germany (called Bayern in German).
BAVIERA (Political Subdivision) Spanish, Portuguese, Italian
Spanish, Portuguese and Italian form of BAVARIA.
BAYERN (Political Subdivision) German
German form of BAVARIA.
BELGICA (Region & Political Subdivision) Ancient Roman
Derived from the Belgae, a Celtic-Germanic confederation of tribes that inhabited northern Gaul (modern Belgium). Their name is probably derived from a Celtic root meaning "to swell with anger".
CAVAN (Political Subdivision) Irish
Derived from Irish cabhán meaning "hollow". This is the name of an Irish country.
CHESHIRE (Region & Political Subdivision) English
Shortened form of Chestershire, a combination of CHESTER and shire.
CIARRAÍ (Political Subdivision) Irish
Irish Gaelic form of KERRY.
COLOMBIE (Country & Political Subdivision) French
French form of COLOMBIA and sometimes of COLUMBIA (for example Colombie-Britannique for British Columbia).
COLUMBIA (Region, Settlement, Political Subdivision & River) English, Italian, Spanish
Named after the explorer Christopher Columbus, called Cristoforo Colombo in Italian (see the surname COLOMBO). This is the name of several cities in the Americas (including the District of Columbia, also called Washington D.C.), and a river in Canada and the United States. It is also a name used historically to refer to the New World.
CREMONA (Settlement & Political Subdivision) Italian
Probably from the name of the Celtic tribe the Cenomani, or possibly from a pre-Latin word meaning "stone". This is the name of a city and province in northern Italy.
DEVON (Political Subdivision) English
From the name of the Dumnonii, a Celtic tribe. This is the name of a county in England.
DZHORDZHIYA (Political Subdivision) Russian
Russian form of GEORGIA (2), the American state.
GEÓRGIA (Country & Political Subdivision) Portuguese
Portuguese form of GEORGIA (1) and GEORGIA (2).
GEORGIA (2) (Political Subdivision) English, Spanish, Italian, German
From the given name GEORGE, named in honour of the British king George II. This was the name of an American colony, later a state.
GÉORGIE (Country & Political Subdivision) French
French form of GEORGIA (1) and GEORGIA (2).
HOLLAND (1) (Political Subdivision & Country) Dutch, English, German
From Old Dutch holt "forest" and lant "land". This is the name of two provinces (North and South Holland) in the Netherlands. It is sometimes used to refer to the entire country of the Netherlands.
HOLLANDE (Political Subdivision & Country) French
French form of HOLLAND (1), referring to the provinces and sometimes the entire country.
HOLSTEEN (Political Subdivision & Region) Low German
Low German form of HOLSTEIN.
HOLSTEIN (Political Subdivision & Region) German, English, Dutch
From the name of a Saxon tribe, derived from Old Saxon holt meaning "wood" and sat meaning "inhabitant". This is the name of a historical region in Germany, near the Danish border. It forms part of the name of the modern German state of Schleswig-Holstein.
HOLSTEN (Political Subdivision & Region) Danish
Danish form of HOLSTEIN.
INDIANA (Political Subdivision) English
Means "land of the Indians". This is the name of an American state.
KENT (Political Subdivision & River) English
Possibly from a Brythonic element meaning "border, edge, coast". This is the name of a historic kingdom and modern county in southeastern England, called Cent in Old English, Cantium in Latin. It is also the name of a river in Cumbria, northwestern England.
KERRY (Political Subdivision) Irish
From Irish Gaelic Ciarraí meaning "CIAR's people". This is the name of an Irish county.
KOLUMBIEN (Country & Political Subdivision) German
German form of COLOMBIA and sometimes of COLUMBIA (for example Britisch-Kolumbien for British Columbia).
LECCE (Settlement & Political Subdivision) Italian
From Latin Licea or Litium, earlier Lupiae. This is the name of a city in southern Italy, as well as a province named for it.
LORENA (Political Subdivision) Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, Romanian
Spanish, Portuguese, Italian and Romanian form of LORRAINE.
LORRAINE (Political Subdivision) French, English
Ultimately from Latin Lothari regnum meaning "kingdom of LOTHAR". Lothar was a Frankish king, the great-grandson of Charlemagne, whose realm was in the part of France now called Lorraine, or in German Lothringen.
LOTHARI REGNUM (Political Subdivision) Late Roman
Latin form of LORRAINE.
LOTHRINGEN (Political Subdivision) German
German form of LORRAINE.
MARCHE (Political Subdivision) Italian, English
From the plural of Late Latin marca meaning "borderland, march", of Germanic origin. This is the name of a region in central Italy, named for the March of Ancona, a frontier region in the Carolingian Empire.
MARCHES (Political Subdivision) French
French form of MARCHE.
MARKE (Political Subdivision) Croatian
Croatian form of MARCHE.
MARKEN (Political Subdivision) German
German form of MARCHE.
MENGGU (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) Chinese
Chinese form of MONGOLIA.
MONGGO (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) Korean
Korean form of MONGOLIA.
MONGHOLIYA (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) Kazakh
Kazakh form of MONGOLIA.
MONGOL (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) Mongolian
Mongolian form of MONGOLIA.
MONGOLEI (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) German
German form of MONGOLIA.
MONGÓLIA (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) Portuguese
Portuguese form of MONGOLIA.
MONGOLIA (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) English, Spanish, Italian
From Mongolian монгол (mongol), the name for the Mongolian people, possibly from монг (mong) meaning "brave". This the name of a region in eastern Asia, now divided between the country of Mongolia (historically called Outer Mongolia) and the Chinese region of Inner Mongolia.
MONGOLIE (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) French
French form of MONGOLIA.
MONGOLIË (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) Dutch
Dutch form of MONGOLIA.
MONGOLIYA (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) Russian, Bulgarian
Russian and Bulgarian form of MONGOLIA.
MONHOLIYA (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) Ukrainian
Ukrainian form of MONGOLIA.
MONTANA (Political Subdivision) English
Derived from Latin montanus "mountainous". This is the name of an American state.
MORAY (Region & Political Subdivision) Scottish
From Gaelic Muireb meaning "seaboard settlement". This is the name of a historical region in Scotland, as well as a modern council area.
MOUKO (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) Japanese
Japanese form of MONGOLIA.
OLANDA (Political Subdivision & Country) Italian
Italian form of HOLLAND (1), referring to the provinces and sometimes the entire country.
QUÉBEC (Settlement & Political Subdivision) French
French form of QUEBEC.
QUEBEC (Settlement & Political Subdivision) English
English form of French Québec, derived from the Algonquin word kepec meaning "narrows", referring to the Saint Lawrence River near Quebec city. This is the name of a Canadian province and also the capital city of that province.
ROMAGNA (Region & Political Subdivision) Italian, English, German
From Latin ROMANIA, in this case the name of a historic region on the Adriatic coast of Italy (part of the modern administrative region of Emilia-Romagna).
ROMAGNE (Region & Political Subdivision) French
French form of ROMAGNA.
ROMAÑA (Region & Political Subdivision) Spanish
Spanish form of ROMAGNA.
SACHSEN (Region & Political Subdivision) German
German form of SAXONY.
SAXONY (Region & Political Subdivision) English
From the name of the Germanic tribe of the Saxons, ultimately derived from Germanic sahs meaning "knife". This is the name of a historical region in Germany, and appears in the names of the German states of Saxony, Lower Saxony and Saxony-Anhalt.
SCHWYTZ (Settlement & Political Subdivision) French
French form of SCHWYZ.
SCHWYZ (Settlement & Political Subdivision) German, English, Spanish
Meaning uncertain, possibly related to Old High German suedan "to burn" or possibly of Celtic origin. This is the name of a town (and a canton named for it) in central Switzerland.
SURİYE (Political Subdivision & Country) Turkish
Turkish form of SYRIA. This was the name of a province of the Ottoman Empire.
SVITTO (Settlement & Political Subdivision) Italian
Italian form of SCHWYZ.
TYRONE (Political Subdivision) Irish
From Irish Gaelic Tir Eoghain meaning "land of EOGHAN". This is the name of a county in Northern Ireland.
VICTORIA (Political Subdivision, Settlement & Body of Water) English
From the given name VICTORIA. It has generally been bestowed in honour of Queen Victoria (1819-1901). This is the name of many places in the former British Empire, including an Australian state and a Canadian city.
WASHINGTON (Settlement & Political Subdivision) English
Means "settlement belonging to Wassa's people", from the given name WASSA and Old English tun meaning "enclosure, yard, town". This is the name of a town in northern England. It is also the name of the capital city and a state in the United States, both named after the president George Washington (1732-1799), whose surname was derived from the name of the English town.
YORK (Settlement & Political Subdivision) English
From Eboracum, the Latinized form of a Brythonic name like Eburacon meaning "yew". It was altered by association with Old English Eoforwic meaning "pig farm". This is the name of a city in northern England. The American city and state of New York were named after the Duke of York (James II of England).