BABYLON Βαβυλων (Settlement) English, German, Dutch, Biblical, Ancient Roman, Biblical Latin, Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek
Greek form of Akkadian 𒆍𒀭𒊏𒆠 (Babili)
, which appears to mean "gateway of God", from Akkadian 𒆍 (babu)
meaning "gate" and 𒀭 (ilu)
meaning "God", though it may in fact derive from a non-Semitic language. This was the name of a major city in ancient Mesopotamia, the capital of the Babylonian Empire. It was located in present-day Iraq.
BETHANY (Settlement) Biblical
From Greek Βηθανια (Bethania)
, which is of uncertain meaning. The first part of the name is derived from Hebrew/Aramaic בַּיִת (bayit)
meaning "house". Suggestions for the second part of the name include עָנָה ('anah)
leading to "house of affliction" or תְּאֵנָה (te'enah)
leading to "house of figs". In the New Testament the town of Bethany is the home of Lazarus and his sisters Mary and Martha.
BETHEL בֵּית־אֵל (Settlement) Biblical
Means "house of God" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is a town north of Jerusalem, where Jacob
saw his vision of the stairway.
BETHLEHEM בֵּית־לֶחֶם (Settlement) English, Biblical
Means "house of bread" in Hebrew, from the roots בַּיִת (bayit)
meaning "house" and לֶחֶם (lechem)
meaning "bread". This is the name of a city in Palestine. It appears in the both the Old Testament and the New Testament, notably as the town where Jesus
EDEN (Region) Hebrew, Biblical
Possibly from Hebrew עֵדֶן
('eden) meaning "pleasure, delight", or perhaps derived from Sumerian 𒂔 (edin)
meaning "plain". According to the Old Testament the Garden of Eden was the place where the first people, Adam and Eve, lived before they were expelled.
GETHSEMANE (Region) Biblical
From Γεθσημανι (Gethsemani)
, the Greek form of an Aramaic place name meaning "oil press". In the New Testament this is the name of the garden where Jesus
was arrested, located on the Mount of Olives near Jerusalem.
HAREL הַרְאֵל (Other) Biblical Hebrew
Means "altar, mountain of God" in Hebrew. In the Hebrew Old Testament this name is applied to the altar in the temple in Jerusalem (Ezekiel 43:15).
JERICHO יְרִיחוֹ (Settlement) English, Biblical
Meaning uncertain, possibly related to the Hebrew word יָרֵחַ (yareach)
meaning "moon", or otherwise to the Hebrew word רֵיחַ (reyach)
meaning "fragrant". This is the name of a city in Palestine, mentioned several times in the Old Testament.
JERUSALEM (Settlement) English, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Biblical
From Hebrew יְרוּשָׁלַיִם (Yerushalayim)
, from an earlier Canaanite form like Urushalim
, probably meaning "established by (the god) SHALIM
". This is the name of a city in Israel and Palestine. Originally a Canaanite city, it was conquered by the Israelites under King David
at the beginning of the 10th century BC. It is now regarded as a holy city by Jews, Christians and Muslims.
JORDAN יַרְדֵן (River & Country) English, Danish, Norwegian, Croatian, Serbian, German, Swedish, Finnish, Polish, Biblical
River that flows between the countries of Jordan and Israel. The river's name in Hebrew is יַרְדֵן (Yarden)
, and it is derived from יָרַד (yarad)
meaning "descend" or "flow down". The river has lent its name to the country to the east (in German, Swedish, Finnish and Polish this is only the name of the river, with the name of the country taking a different form).
KARMEL כַּרְמֶל (Mountain) Biblical Hebrew
Means "garden, vineyard" in Hebrew. This is the name of a mountain in Israel mentioned in the Old Testament.
LEHI לֶחִי (Region) Biblical
Means "jawbone" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of the site where the hero Samson
killed 1,000 men using only a donkey's jawbone.
NINEVEH (Settlement) English, Biblical
From Akkadian 𒉌𒉡𒀀 (Ninua)
, possibly related to 𒄩 (nūnu)
meaning "fish". When written, the name is usually prefixed with 𒌷
indicating a city. This may have referred to an aspect of Ishtar
, as from an early time the city was a center of worship of the goddess. The cuneiform symbols used to represent the city's name depict a fish within a house.... [more]
PHILADELPHIA Φιλαδελφεια (Settlement) Biblical, English
Means "brotherly love" from Greek φιλεω (phileo)
"to love" and αδελφος (adelphos)
"brother". This was the name of a city in Asia Minor mentioned in Revelation in the New Testament. It is now known as Alaşehir
(in Turkey). It is also the name of a city in the United States.
SELA סֶלַע (Settlement) Biblical
Means "rock" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament this is the name of a city, the capital of Edom. In the Greek and Latin Old Testament the name is translated as Petra
, though it may be distinct from the Nabataean city.
TARAH תָּרַח (Settlement) Biblical
A place name (an encampment) used in some versions of the Old Testament. It is identical to the personal name TERAH
TEMAN תֵּימָן (Settlement) Biblical, Biblical Hebrew
Means "right hand" or "south" in Hebrew. This is an Edomite town in the Old Testament, supposedly named for a grandson of Esau.