Ancient Near Eastern Place Names

These names were used in the ancient Near East. That is, by the Sumerians, Akkadians, Babylonians, Canaanites, Phoenicians and others. Listed separately are Ancient Egyptian names and Ancient Persian names.
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ARARAT(Mountain)Armenian, Biblical, Biblical Hebrew, Ancient Near Eastern
From the name of the ancient kingdom of Urartu. This is the name of a mountain in Turkey (formerly part of Armenia).
ASHUR(Settlement & Region)English, Arabic, Persian, Akkadian
From Akkadian 𒀸𒋩 (Assur), meaning unknown. This was the capital city of the Assyrian Empire, supposedly named for the god Ashur, though the god was in fact probably named for the city. The empire, Assyria, was also named for it. The city was destroyed in the 14th century by the forces of Tamerlane.... [more]
ASHURAYU(Region)Akkadian
Akkadian form of ASSYRIA.
BABILI(Settlement)Akkadian
Akkadian form of BABYLON.
ESHARRA(Other)Ancient Assyrian
From Sumerian 𒂍 (e) meaning "temple, house" and 𒊹 (shar) meaning "totality, world". This was the name of the main temple dedicated to the god Ashur in the city of Ashur.
NATZRAT(Settlement)Ancient Hebrew, Hebrew
Hebrew form of NAZARETH.
NINUA(Settlement)Akkadian
Akkadian form of NINEVEH.