Belgian Place Names

Belgian names are spoken in the country of Belgium in western Europe.
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AALST(Settlement)Dutch
Possibly from Germanic alhust meaning "living place". This is the name of various towns in the Netherlands and Belgium.
AARLE(Settlement)Dutch
Meaning unknown. This is the name of various towns in the Netherlands.
ACHTHOVEN(Settlement)Dutch
Means "eight gardens" in Dutch. This is the name of various towns in the Netherlands.
ADRICHEM(Settlement)Dutch
Means "Adrik's home". This was the name of an estate and castle (demolished in 1812) that was formerly in North Holland, the Netherlands.
ALBANIE(Country)French
French form of ALBANIA.
ALGER(Settlement)French
French form of ALGIERS.
ALGÉRIE(Country)French
French form of ALGERIA.
ALLEMAGNE(Country)French
French form of ALEMANNIA, used as the French name of Germany.
ALTENA(Settlement)Dutch
Possibly means "close, near" in Dutch. This is the name of a town in the Netherlands.
AMERIKA(Region & Country)German, Dutch, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish, Russian, Croatian, Serbian
Form of AMERICA, used to refer to the continents and sometimes to the United States of America.
AMERSFOORT(Settlement)Dutch
Means "ford of the Amer (Eem) River" in Dutch. This is the name of a city in Utrecht, the Netherlands.
AMSTEL(River)Dutch
Means "water place" in Dutch. This is the name of a river in the Netherlands, which lent its name to Amsterdam.
AMSTERDAM(Settlement)Dutch, English, German, Swedish, Danish, Norwegian, French, Polish
Means "dam on the AMSTEL" in Dutch. This is the name of the capital city of the Netherlands, first mentioned with this name in the 13th century.
ANDEL(Settlement)Dutch
Possibly means "upper forest" in Old Dutch. This is the name of a town in North Brabant in the Netherlands.
ANGLETERRE(Country)French
French form of ANGLAE TERRA, used as the French name of England.
ANTWERPEN(Settlement)Dutch
Dutch form of ANTWERP.
ANVERS(Settlement)French
French form of ANTWERP.
APELDOORN(Settlement)Dutch
Means "apple tree" in Dutch. This is the name of a city in the Netherlands.
ARENDONK(Settlement)Dutch
Derived from Dutch arend "eagle" and donk "hill". This is the name of a city in northern Belgium.
ASCH(Settlement)Dutch
From Old Dutch aska meaning "ash tree". This is the name of a town in the Netherlands.
ASSENDORP(Settlement)Dutch
From Dutch es meaning "ash tree" (plural essen) and dorp meaning "village". This is the name of a city in the Netherlands.
ASSISE(Settlement)French
French form of ASSISI.
AUBIGNY(Settlement)French
From the Gallo-Roman given name ALBINUS. This is the name of several French communes.
AUSTRALIE(Region & Country)French
French form of AUSTRALIA.
BABYLON(Settlement)English, German, Dutch, Biblical, Ancient Roman, Biblical Latin, Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek
Greek form of Akkadian Babili, which is of uncertain meaning. It is often explained as meaning "gateway of God", from Akkadian babu "gate" and ilu "God", though it may in fact derive from a non-Semitic language. This was the name of a major city in ancient Mesopotamia, the capital of the Babylonian Empire. It was located in present-day Iraq.
BABYLONE(Settlement)French
French form of BABYLON.
BEERS(Settlement)Dutch
Possibly from Dutch baar meaning "bar". This is the name of a town in the Netherlands (plus a smaller one in Frisia).
BERLIN(Settlement)German, English, French, Polish, Hungarian, Croatian, Serbian
City in Germany, the name of which is of uncertain meaning. It is possibly derived from an Old Slavic stem berl- meaning swamp.
BOHÊME(Region)French
French form of BOHEMIA.
BOHON(Settlement)French
Meaning unknown. This is the name of a town in Manche, France.
BOLIVIE(Country)French
French form of BOLIVIA.
BOLOGNE(Settlement)French
French form of BOLOGNA.
BRAZILIË(Country)Dutch
Dutch form of BRAZIL.
BRÉSIL(Country)French
French form of BRAZIL.
BRETAGNE(Region)French, German
French form of Britannia (see BRITAIN). In French this typically refers to the region known as Brittany in France, while Great Britain is called Grande-Bretagne.
BUDAPEST(Settlement)Hungarian, English, German, French, Italian, Spanish
Combination of BUDA and PEST, two cities that merged in 1873. This is the name of the capital city of Hungary.
BULGARIE(Country)French
French form of BULGARIA.
BUREN(Settlement)Dutch
From Old Dutch bur "house, dwelling". This is a small town on the island of Ameland in the north of the Netherlands, as well as a small city in Gelderland.
CANADA(Country)English, French, Italian, Dutch, Danish, Norwegian
Derived from the Iroquoian word kanata meaning "village". This word was used by Native Americans to direct French explorer Jacques Cartier to Stadacona. Cartier used the word to refer to the region.
CASTILLE(Region)French
French form of CASTILE.
CATALOGNE(Region)French
French form of CATALONIA.
CHINA(Country)English, German, Dutch, Spanish, Portuguese, Sanskrit
From Persian چین (Chin), probably derived via Sanskrit चीन (China) from Qin, the name of a dynasty that ruled in China in the 3rd century BC. In China the name Zhongguo is used to refer to the country.
CHINE(Country)French
French form of CHINA.
COLOGNE(Settlement)French, English
French form of Latin Colonia, shortened from Colonia Agrippina meaning "colony of Agrippina", named after the wife of Emperor Claudius. This is the name of a city in western Germany.
COLOMBIE(Country & Political Subdivision)French
French form of COLOMBIA and sometimes of COLUMBIA (for example Colombie-Britannique for British Columbia).
CONGO(River & Country)English, French, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Danish
From Kongo, of uncertain origin, the name of a kingdom in central Africa that existed from the 14th to 19th century. The Congo River (also called the Zaire River) was named after the kingdom. Belgian and French colonies were established in the 19th century, named after the river, which eventually led to two African countries, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (formerly Zaire) and the Republic of the Congo.
CORÉE(Country)French
French form of KOREA.
COURTENAY(Settlement)French
From the Gallo-Roman given name Curtenus, derived from Latin curtus "short". This is the name of a few French communes.
CROATIE(Country)French
French form of CROATIA.
CUINCHY(Settlement)French
From older Quintiacum, derived from the personal name QUINTIUS plus the local suffix -acum. This is the name of a village in France.
DANEMARK(Country)French
French form of DENMARK.
DUITSLAND(Country)Dutch
Dutch form of DEUTSCHLAND.
ESPAGNE(Country)French
French form of Hispania (see SPAIN).
ETHIOPIÉ(Country)French
French form of ETHIOPIA.
FINLAND(Country)English, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch
From Old Norse Finnr, which referred to the Finn and Sami peoples, combined with land. This is the name of a country in northern Europe, called Suomi in Finnish.
FINLANDE(Country)French
French form of FINLAND.
FLANDRE(Region)French
French form of FLANDERS.
FRANCE(Country)French, English
From Latin Francia meaning "land of the Franks". The Franks were the Germanic tribe who settled in the region in the 3rd century. They derived their tribal name from the name of a type of spear that they used.
FRANKRIJK(Country)Dutch
Dutch cognate of FRANKREICH. This is the Dutch name for France.
GRAINVILLE(Settlement)French
Means "GUARIN's town" in Old French. This is the name of various towns in Normandy.
GUINÉE(Region, Country & Island)French
French form of GUINEA.
HOFWEGEN(Settlement)Dutch
From Dutch hof meaning "garden, courtyard" and weg meaning "way, path, road". This is the name of a town in the Netherlands.
HONGRIE(Country)French
French form of HUNGARY.
INDE(Country)French
French form of INDIA.
INDIA(Country)English, Italian, Spanish, Dutch, Norwegian, Romanian, Ancient Roman, Ancient Greek
Derived from the name of the INDUS River. In many languages of India, the name Bharat is used to refer to the country.
INDONESIË(Country)Dutch
Dutch form of INDONESIA.
IRAN(Country)Persian, Arabic, English, French, German, Italian, Croatian, Serbian
Derived from Middle Persian Eran, related to Old Iranian Arya meaning "Iranian, Aryan". This is the name of a country in western Asia, formerly called Persia in the West.
ITALIE(Country)French
French form of ITALY.
JAPAN(Country)English, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Croatian, Serbian
From Portuguese Japão, which was derived from a Malay form of Riben, the Chinese reading of NIPPON.
JAPON(Country)French
French form of JAPAN.
JORDAAN(River)Dutch
Dutch form of JORDAN (the river).
JORDANIE(Country)French
French form of JORDAN (the country).
JORDANIË(Country)Dutch
Dutch form of JORDAN (the country).
JOURDAIN(River)French
French form of JORDAN (the river).
KANNE(Settlement)Dutch
Meaning unknown. This is the name of a town in the province of Limburg in Belgium.
KAZAKHSTAN(Country)English, Russian, French
From Kazakh Қазақстан (Qazaqstan), from the ethnic name қазақ (qazaq), which is probably of Turkic origin, combined with the Persian suffix ستان (stan) meaning "land of". This is the name of a country in central Asia.
KENIA(Country & Mountain)German, Dutch, Finnish, Italian, Spanish, Polish
Form of KENYA.
KENYA(Country & Mountain)English, Eastern African, Kikuyu, Swahili, French, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
The country is named for Mount Kenya, which in the Kikuyu language is called Kĩrĩnyaga meaning "the one having stripes".
KOREA(Country)English, German, Dutch, Finnish, Czech
From medieval Latin Corea, itself derived from GORYEO, the name of a kingdom which ruled most of the Korean Peninsula from the 10th to 14th centuries. This is the name of two countries, North and South Korea. Hanguk and Joseon are the Korean names for the countries.
LASSY(Settlement)French
Derived from Lascius, a Gallo-Roman name of unknown meaning. This is the name of a commune in Calvados, France.
LONDEN(Settlement)Dutch
Dutch form of LONDON.
LONDRES(Settlement)French, Spanish, Portuguese
French, Spanish and Portuguese form of LONDON.
LORRAINE(Political Subdivision)French, English
Ultimately from Latin Lothari regnum meaning "kingdom of LOTHAR". Lothar was a Frankish king, the great-grandson of Charlemagne, whose realm was in the part of France now called Lorraine, or in German Lothringen.
MALLEVILLE(Settlement)French
Means "bad town" in Norman French. This is the name of communes in Normandy, France.
MAROC(Country)French
French form of MOROCCO.
MARRAKECH(Settlement)French, Italian, Spanish
French, Italian and Spanish form of MARRAKESH.
MASSY(Settlement)French
Derived from Maccius, a Gallo-Roman name of unknown meaning. This is the name of several communes in France.
MAYLIS(Settlement)French
Possibly derived from Occitan mair "mother" and French lys "lily". This is the name of a commune in southern France.
MEXICO(Country & Settlement)English, French
From Spanish México, itself derived from Nahuatl Mehxico. There are many theories regarding the ultimate origin, including Nahuatl metztli meaning "moon" combined with xictli meaning "navel". This is the name of a country in North America, as well as its capital city (the country is named after the city). In French Mexico is the name of the capital city, while the country is called Mexique.
MEXIQUE(Country)French
French form of MEXICO (referring only to the country, not the capital city).
MILAN(Settlement)English, French
From Latin Mediolanum, perhaps derived from Celtic elements meaning "middle of the plain". This is the name of a major city in Italy.
MONTGOMERY(Settlement)French
Means "GUMARICH's mountain" in Norman French. This is the name of communes in Calvados, France.
NAZARETH(Settlement)English, French, Biblical, Biblical Latin
Possibly means "branch" in Hebrew. This is the name of a town in Galilee in Israel. It was the home town of Jesus.
NÉPAL(Country)French
French form of NEPAL.
NEPAL(Country)Nepali, Indian, Hindi, English, German, Dutch, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Polish, Sanskrit
From Sanskrit नेपाल (Nepal), of unknown meaning. This is the name of a landlocked country in south Asia.
NIFTRIK(Settlement)Dutch
Meaning unknown. This is the name of a town in the province of Gelderland in the Netherlands.
NIGER(River & Country)English, French, Italian, German, Dutch, Swedish, Croatian, Serbian, Late Roman
Meaning unknown, possibly of Berber origin, though influenced by Latin niger "black". This is the name of a river in western Africa (and a country which is named after it).
NIGERIA(Country)English, French, Italian, Spanish, German
From the name of the NIGER River, applied in the 19th century to the British colonial territory in western Africa. It continued to be used after the territory became an independent country in 1960.
NIL(River)French, German
French and German form of Nilus (see NILE).
OIRSCHOT(Settlement)Dutch
Possibly from Dutch oeros meaning "aurochs" and schoot meaning "projection (of land)". This is the name of a town in the province of Noord-Brabant in the Netherlands.
OLYMPUS(Mountain)Ancient Roman, English, Dutch
Latinized form of OLYMPOS.
PAKISTAN(Country)Urdu, Punjabi, English, Italian, French, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Polish, Slovak, Russian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Serbian
From Persian پاک (pak) meaning "pure" and the suffix ستان (stan) meaning "land of". The name was coined in 1933 by the Pakistani nationalist Choudhry Rahmat Ali who justified it as an acronym of Punjab, Afghania, Kashmir and Sindh, plus the final three letters of Baluchistan.
PARIS(Settlement)French, English
From the ancient Celtic tribe known as the Parisii. This is the capital city of France.
PÉKIN(Settlement)French
French form of BEIJING.
PEKING(Settlement)German, Dutch, Czech, English (Archaic)
German, Dutch and Czech form of BEIJING, as well as an older English form.
PERSE(Country)French
French form of PERSIA.
PERZIË(Country)Dutch
Dutch form of PERSIA.
PEY(Settlement)Dutch
Meaning unknown. This is the name of a town in Limburg in the Netherlands.
POLEN(Country)German, Dutch
German and Dutch form of POLAND.
POLOGNE(Country)French
French form of POLAND.
PORTUGAL(Country)Portuguese, English, French, Spanish, Galician, Catalan, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Croatian, Serbian
From Portugale, which was derived from PORTUS CALE, the old name of the city of Porto. The name of the city was later applied to the entire country.
PRETORIA(Settlement)Southern African, Afrikaans, Dutch, English
From the surname PRETORIUS. This is the name of a city in South Africa, named after the 19th-century Boer leader Andries Pretorius.
QUÉBEC(Settlement & Political Subdivision)French
French form of QUEBEC.
ROES(Region)Dutch
Dutch form of RUS.
ROME(Settlement)English, French
Meaning uncertain, from Latin Roma. This is the name of the capital city of Italy. According to legend the city was named for ROMULUS.
ROSSUM(Settlement)Dutch
From the older Rotheheim, derived from Dutch rothe "cleared area in a forest" and heim "home". This is the name of a town in Gelderland in the Netherlands.
RUSLAND(Country)Dutch
Dutch cognate of RUSSLAND.
SAINT CLAIR(Settlement)French
Name commemorating Saint CLAIR. This is the name of several communes in France.
SAINT DENIS(Settlement)French
Name commemorating Saint DENIS. This is the name of several communes in France.
SAINT MAUR(Settlement)French
Name commemorating Saint MAURUS. This is the name of several communes in France.
SAMARA(Settlement & River)Russian, English, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, French, German
Meaning unknown, possibly of Kyrgyz origin. This is the name of a city in Russia, founded in the 16th century, as well as the river on which it is situated.
SAMARRA(Settlement)Arabic, English, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, French, German
This is the name of a city in Iraq, the capital of the Abbasid Caliphate in the 9th century. It was possibly built at the site of the ancient Assyrian city of Surmarrati, which is of uncertain meaning.
SCHOORL(Settlement)Dutch
From older Scoronlo, meaning "forest by the shore" in Dutch. This is the name of a town in the province of Noord-Holland in the Netherlands.
SLOVAQUIE(Country)French
French form of SLOVAKIA.
SLOVÉNIE(Country)French
French form of SLOVENIA.
SPANJE(Country)Dutch
Dutch form of Hispania (see SPAIN).
STOCKHOLM(Settlement)Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, English, German, Dutch, French
From Swedish stock "log" and holme "islet". The islet probably referred to Helgeandsholmen in central Stockholm. This is the name of the capital city of Sweden. The first written mention of the name occurs in 1252.
SUÈDE(Country)French
French form of SWEDEN.
TCHAD(Body of Water & Country)French
French form of CHAD.
TCHÉCOSLOVAQUIE(Country)French
French form of CZECHOSLOVAKIA.
TCHÉQUIE(Country)French
French form of ČECHY, used as a name for the Czech Republic.
TÉHÉRAN(Settlement)French
French form of TEHRAN.
TOKYO(Settlement)Japanese, English, French
From Japanese (tou) meaning "east" and (kyou) meaning "capital city". This is the name of the capital of Japan.
TRACY(Settlement)French
Derived from the given name THRACIUS. This is the name of communes in Calvados, France.
TURQUIE(Country)French
French form of Turcia (see TURKEY).
VALENCE(Settlement & Region)French
French form of VALENCIA.
VÉRONE(Settlement)French
French form of VERONA.
VIETNAM(Country)English, French, German, Dutch, Italian, Spanish
From Việt Nam, meaning "southern Yue", derived from Sino-Vietnamese (việt), referring to the Yue people, and (nam) "south". This is the name of a country in southeastern Asia.
VLAANDEREN(Region)Dutch
Dutch form of FLANDERS.
WIEREN(Settlement)Dutch
Means "seaweed" in Dutch. This is the name of towns in Frisia and other parts of the Netherlands.
ZAIRË(River & Country)French
French form of ZAIRE.
ZWEDEN(Country)Dutch, Medieval Dutch
Dutch form of SWEDEN.
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