Pronunciation Guide

This site uses two systems for name pronunciations: basic, which is a rough guide, and IPA, which is more exact. IPA (International Phonetic Alphabet) pronunciations can be identified by the /slashes/ surrounding them.

As of yet, most names do not have IPA pronunciations. The pronunciations listed at a name's entry can be clicked for more details. User-submitted names may or may not adhere to these standards.

Basic Pronunciations

Dashes are used to separate syllables. Stressed syllables are written in CAPITALS.

Bas in bed
CHas in cheek (tsh)
Das in dam
DHas in then
Fas in fake
Gas in give
GHas in Scottish laghail
Has in hen
Jas in jump (dzh)
Kas in cat
KHas in Scottish loch
Las in lamp
Mas in maze
Nas in not
NGas in fling, sink
Pas in pain
Ras in right *
Sas in side
SHas in shine
Tas in top
THas in thin
Vas in very
Was in water
Yas in yeti
Zas in zebra
ZHas in azure, vision
Aas in bat, can
AHas in pot, con **
AWas in bought, sawn **
AYas in bait, cane
E, EHas in bet, care
EEas in beet, keen
Ias in bit, kin
IEas in bite, kind
Oas in boat, cone
OIas in boy, coin
OOas in boot, soon
OWas in bout, gown
Uas in but, sun
UIas in Dutch huis
UUas in French feu
UWas in put, took
UYas in French rue
əas in about
Other symbols
:preceding vowel is long (drawn out)
guttural fricative
glottal stop
Hpreceding consonant is aspirated
Npreceding vowel is nasalized
Tepenthetic t
Ypreceding sound is palatalized
əfollowing consonant is syllabic

* R is used to represent several different r-like sounds. For further clarification the following may be used: guttural RH (as in French riche); trilled RR (as in Spanish rojo); or tapped (as in Spanish caro).

** Many English speakers pronounce AH and AW the same

IPA Pronunciations

These pronunciations are surrounded by /slashes/. Periods are used to separate syllables. Stressed syllables are preceded by a ˈ symbol.

bvoiced bilabial stop
cvoiceless palatal stop
çvoiceless palatal fricative
dvoiced alveolar stop
fvoiceless labiodental fricative
gvoiced velar stop
hvoiceless glottal fricative
jvoiced palatal approximant
kvoiceless velar stop
lalveolar lateral approximant
mbilabial nasal
nalveolar nasal
pvoiceless bilabial stop
qvoiceless uvular stop
ralveolar trill
svoiceless alveolar sibilant
tvoiceless alveolar stop
vvoiced labiodental fricative
wvoiced labio-velar approximant
xvoiceless velar fricative
zvoiced alveolar sibilant
ðvoiced dental fricative
ħvoiceless pharyngeal fricative
ŋvoiced velar nasal
ɓvoiced bilabial implosive
ɖvoiced retroflex plosive
ɗvoiced alveolar implosive
ɠvoiced velar implosive
ɣvoiced velar fricative
ɲpalatal nasal
ʀuvular trill
ʃvoiceless postalveolar fricative
ʈvoiceless retroflex plosive
ʋlabiodental approximant
ʒvoiced postalveolar fricative
ɕvoiceless alveolo-palatal fricative
ɟvoiced palatal plosive
ɡvoiced velar plosive
ɢvoiced uvular plosive
ɥlabial-palatal approximant
ɦvoiced glottal fricative
ɧvoiceless multiple-place fricative
ɫvelarized alveolar lateral approximant
ɬvoiceless alveolar lateral fricative
ɭretroflex lateral approximant
ɮvoiced alveolar lateral fricative
ɰvelar approximant
ɱlabiodental nasal
ɳretroflex nasal
ɴuvular nasal
ɸvoiceless bilabial fricative
ɹalveolar approximant
ɺalveolar lateral flap
ɻretroflex approximant
ɽretroflex flap
ɾalveolar tap
ʁvoiced uvular fricative
ʂvoiceless retroflex fricative
ʄvoiced palatal implosive
ʍvoiceless labiovelar approximant
ʎpalatal lateral approximant
ʐvoiced retroflex fricative
ʑvoiced alveolo-palatal fricative
ʔglottal stop
ʕvoiced pharyngeal fricative
ʝvoiced palatal fricative
βvoiced bilabial fricative
θvoiceless dental fricative
χvoiceless uvular fricative
aopen front unrounded vowel
eclose-mid front unrounded vowel
iclose front unrounded vowel
oclose-mid back rounded vowel
uclose back rounded vowel
yclose front rounded vowel
æraised open front unrounded vowel
øfront close-mid rounded vowel
œfront open-mid rounded vowel
ɔopen-mid back rounded vowel
əmid central vowel
ɛopen-mid front unrounded vowel
ɨclose central unrounded vowel
ɯclose back unrounded vowel
ɵclose-mid central rounded vowel
ʊnear-close near-back vowel
ɐnear-open central vowel
ɑopen back unrounded vowel
ɒopen back rounded vowel
ɘclose-mid central unrounded vowel
ɚrhotacized mid central vowel
ɜopen-mid central unrounded vowel
ɝrhotacized open-mid central unrounded vowel
ɞopen-mid central rounded vowel
ɤclose-mid back unrounded vowel
ɪnear-close near-front unrounded vowel
ɶopen front rounded vowel
ʉclose central rounded vowel
ʌopen-mid back unrounded vowel
ʏnear-close near-front rounded vowel
mid central vowel
near-close central unrounded vowel
Symbols and Modifiers
'primary stress
.syllable break
|minor (foot) break
ˌsecondary stress
ːlength mark
ˑhalf-length mark
linking (absence of a break)
òlow tone
óhigh tone
ôfalling tone
ōmid tone
őextra high tone
ǒrising tone
ȍextra low tone
voiceless (use if character has descender)
not audibly released
less rounded
creaky voiced
velarized or pharyngealized
labial spreading
²Swedish tone 2
¹Swedish tone 1
ˀglottal stop
ˤpharyngealized mark
˥extra high tone
˦high tone
˧mid tone
˨low tone
˩extra low tone
˪yin departing tone
˫yang departing tone
compressed rounding
◌᷄᷄macron-acute tone
◌᷅grave-macron tone
◌᷆macron-grave tone
◌᷇acute-macron tone