Ancient Celtic Origin Place Names

This is a list of place names in which the origin is Ancient Celtic.
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BREIZH (Region) Breton
Breton form of BRITAIN and BRITTANY. Great Britain is called Breizh-Veur in Breton.
BRETAGNA (Region) Italian
Italian form of BRITAIN and BRITTANY. Great Britain is called Gran Bretagna in Italian.
BRETAGNE (Region) French, German
French form of Britannia (see BRITAIN). In French this typically refers to the region known as Brittany in France, while Great Britain is called Grande-Bretagne.
BRETAIGNE (Region) Medieval French
Old French form of Britannia (see BRITAIN).
BRETAÑA (Region) Spanish
Spanish form of BRITAIN and BRITTANY. Great Britain is called Gran Bretaña in Spanish.
BRITAIN (Region) English
From Britannia, the Latin name for the island of Great Britain, the land of the Britons. It derives from the name of the Britons, recorded in Greek in the 4th century BC as Πρεττανικη (Prettanike), and reconstructed as Proto-Brythonic *Priteni, possibly meaning "tattooed people".
BRITANNIA (Region) Ancient Roman
Latin form of BRITAIN.
BRITANNIEN (Region) German, Swedish, Danish
German, Swedish and Danish form of BRITAIN.
BRITTANY (Region) English
From Britannia (see BRITAIN). This is the name of a region in northwestern France, so called because many Britons settled there after the fall of the Western Roman Empire. It had earlier been called Armorica. In the Middle Ages it was sometimes called Britannia Minor to distinguish it from the island of Great Britain. In French, both the island and the region are called Bretagne.
CANTIUM (Region) Ancient Roman
Latin form of KENT.
CARLISLE (Settlement) English
Originally called by the Romans Luguvalium meaning "stronghold of LUGUS". Later the Brythonic element ker "fort" was appended to the name of the city. This is the name of a city in Cumbria in northern England.
CENT (Region) Anglo-Saxon
Old English form of KENT.
EBORACUM (Settlement) Ancient Celtic (Latinized)
Latinized form of YORK.
ÉIRE (Country & Island) Irish
Possibly means "abundant land" in Old Irish. This is the Irish name of the country and island of Ireland. According to legend the island was named for the goddess ÉRIU, though in fact it was she who was named for the island.
ÉRIU (Country & Island) Ancient Irish
Old Irish form of ÉIRE.
FOULDEN (Settlement) English
From Old English fugol meaning "bird" and dun meaning "hill". This is the name of a town in Norfolk.
HAMILTON (Settlement) English
Means "crooked hill" from Old English hamel "crooked, mutilated" and dun "hill". This was the name of a town in Leicestershire, England (which no longer exists). After the town name became a surname, it was used for several other cities, including ones in Scotland, Canada, Australia and the United States.
IRELAND (Country & Island) English
Derived from Irish Gaelic ÉIRE and English land.
KENDAL (Settlement) English
From the name of the river KENT combined with Old English dæl meaning "valley, dale". This is the name of a town in Cumbria.
KENT (Political Subdivision & River) English
Possibly from a Brythonic element meaning "border, edge, coast". This is the name of a historic kingdom and modern county in southeastern England, called Cent in Old English, Cantium in Latin. It is also the name of a river in Cumbria, northwestern England.
LIONE (Settlement) Italian
Italian form of LYON.
LUGDUNUM (Settlement) Ancient Roman
Latin form of LYON.
LUGODUNON (Settlement) Ancient Celtic
Gaulish form of LYON.
LUGUVALIUM (Settlement) Ancient Roman
Older Roman name of CARLISLE.
LYNDON (Settlement) English
From Old English lind "linden tree" and dun meaning "hill". This is the name of a few towns in the United Kingdom.
LYON (Settlement) French, English, German
From Latin Lugdunum, derived from the name of the Celtic god LUGUS combined with Gaulish dunon meaning "hill fort, citadel". This is the name of a city in central France.
LYONS (Settlement) English
Variant of LYON.
SHANNON (River) Irish
Probably from Old Irish sen meaning "old, ancient". This is the name of a river in Ireland. It is personified by the goddess Sionann.
SIONAINN (River) Irish
Irish form of SHANNON.
SLANE (Settlement) Irish
From the given name SLÁINE. This is the name of a town in Ireland, said to be named for the legendary high king Sláine.
YORK (Settlement & Political Subdivision) English
From Eboracum, the Latinized form of a Brythonic name like Eburacon meaning "yew". It was altered by association with Old English Eoforwic meaning "pig farm". This is the name of a city in northern England. The American city and state of New York were named after the Duke of York (James II of England).