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OTHER SCRIPTS: Пловдив (Bulgarian), Пло(в)дївь (Old Bulgarian)
Meaning & History
"Plovdiv" is the British English form of the city's original Greek name: Philippopolis, which means "the city of Phillip". It is also the Bulgarian evolution of one of the city's names: Pulpudeva. The city has undergone many name changes due to the different groups of people who occupied the area. It has gone from Kendrisia (from the Thracian tribe) to Eumolpias Vetus, Evmolpia, and Evmolpeida (from a Thracian king) to Philippoupolis, Philippopolis (Greek), Pulpudeva ("lake city" in Thracian), Odryssia & Odriuza (Odrysae), Tiberias (after the Roman emperor Tiberius), Phillibe (by the Ottomans), Prineople, Sinople, Phinepople (by the Crusaders), and Calybe (named after a Thracian nymph). Plovdiv also has several nicknames such as Poneropolis meaning "adulterers' city". Today, Plovdiv is Bulgaria's second largest city after the capital, Sofia.