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Type Settlement
Pronounced Pron. JOY-LEHT(American English)
  [key]

Meaning & History

It was renamed in 1845 for Louis Jolliet, the French Canadian explorer who visited the site in 1673. Joliet was once known as “Stone City” for its limestone, which was used throughout the Midwest (e.g., in the Rock Island Arsenal, the Illinois State House, and the Lincoln Monument in Springfield).Joliet (/ˈdʒoʊliɛt, dʒoʊliˈɛt/) is a city in Will and Kendall Counties in the U.S. state of Illinois, 30 miles (48 km) southwest of Chicago. It is the county seat of Will County. At the 2010 census, the city was the fourth-largest in Illinois, with a population of 147,433.A population estimate in 2019 put Joliet's population at 147,344, which would make it the third-largest city in Illinois if accurate.Joliet was once known as “Stone City” for its limestone, which was used throughout the Midwest (e.g., in the Rock Island Arsenal, the Illinois State House, and the Lincoln Monument in Springfield). The opening of the Illinois and Michigan Canal (1848), the arrival of the Rock Island Railroad (1852), and the completion of the Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal (1900) contributed to the city’s expansion as an industrial and agricultural centre and provided outlets for its farm products, manufactures (notably steel and wire), and coal. By the early 1980s the decline of industry had greatly affected the city.Joliet’s economy is based on casino gambling on the river, tourism in nearby state recreation areas (including Channahon State Park, the Illinois and Michigan Canal National Heritage Corridor the first such corridor designated by the U.S. Congress, and the Des Plaines Fish and Wildlife Area), and manufacturing (including petroleum products, steel products, wire, paper products, heavy machinery, and chemicals). Joliet is also a shipping and transportation centre. Notable attractions include the 40-room Jacob Henry Mansion (1876), with a foundation made of limestone; the Rialto Square Theatre (1926), on the National Register of Historic Places; and the post office (1903), made of light-coloured limestone. Joliet features a historical museum (opened 2002) and is the site of Chicagoland Speedway and Route 66 Raceway.The city is the seat of Joliet Junior College (1901) and the University of St. Francis (1920). Lewis University (1932) and Isle a la Cache (“Island of the Hiding Place”) Museum, with exhibits on the French fur trade and the area’s Native American heritage, are in nearby Romeoville. The city was formerly the site of a large state prison, the Joliet Correctional Center (1858–2002). Stateville Correctional Center, a maximum security prison, is just north of the city. Inc. 1852. Pop. (2000) 106,221; Chicago-Joliet-Naperville Metro Division, 7,628,412; Chicago-Joliet-Naperville Metro Area, 9,098,316; (2010) 147,433; Chicago-Joliet-Naperville Metro Division, 7,883,147; Chicago-Joliet-Naperville Metro Area, 9,461,105.Joliet’s economy is based on casino gambling on the river, tourism in nearby state recreation areas (including Channahon State Park, the Illinois and Michigan Canal National Heritage Corridor the first such corridor designated by the U.S. Congress, and the Des Plaines Fish and Wildlife Area), and manufacturing (including petroleum products, steel products, wire, paper products, heavy machinery, and chemicals). Joliet is also a shipping and transportation centre. Notable attractions include the 40-room Jacob Henry Mansion (1876), with a foundation made of limestone; the Rialto Square Theatre (1926), on the National Register of Historic Places; and the post office (1903), made of light-coloured limestone. Joliet features a historical museum (opened 2002) and is the site of Chicagoland Speedway and Route 66 Raceway. The city is the seat of Joliet Junior College (1901) and the University of St. Francis (1920). Lewis University (1932) and Isle a la Cache (“Island of the Hiding Place”) Museum, with exhibits on the French fur trade and the area’s Native American heritage, are in nearby Romeoville. The city was formerly the site of a large state prison, the Joliet Correctional Center (1858–2002). Stateville Correctional Center, a maximum security prison, is just north of the city. Inc. 1852. Pop. (2000) 106,221; Chicago-Joliet-Naperville Metro Division, 7,628,412; Chicago-Joliet-Naperville Metro Area, 9,098,316; (2010) 147,433; Chicago-Joliet-Naperville Metro Division, 7,883,147; Chicago-Joliet-Naperville Metro Area, 9,461,105.
Added 5/24/2021 by ROYALOAKMICHIGAN
Edited 5/24/2021 by ROYALOAKMICHIGAN