Ancient Scandinavian Submitted Place Names

These names were used by the peoples of ancient Scandinavia. See also about Germanic names.
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Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
BIRKA (Settlement) Ancient Scandinavian, Old Swedish
Possibly taken from a Latinization of Norse Bjǫrkey "Birch island", although some believe it's derived from Old Norse birk "market place". Birka was a Viking age town and an important trading and market place during the Viking Age located on the island Björkö (modern form of Bjǫrkey) in Lake MÄLAREN, outside of STOCKHOLM, SWEDEN.
GARÐARÍKI (Country) Ancient Scandinavian
Old Norse term for an area located in modern RUSSIA.
GRŒNLAND (Country) Ancient Scandinavian
Means "green land" in Old Norse. From grœnn "green" and land "land".
ÍSLAND (Country) Icelandic, Faroese, Ancient Scandinavian
Derived from Old Norse íss "ice" and land "land, country".
JORSALA (Settlement) Ancient Scandinavian
Old Norse name for JERUSALEM. The name was probably inspired by Uppsala.
JÓRVÍK (Settlement) Ancient Scandinavian, Icelandic
Icelandic and Old Norse form of YORK. It is believed to be derived from Old English Eoforwic, itself believed to be derived from Latin Eboracum possibly meaning "place of the yew trees".
LANGBARÐALAND (Country) Ancient Scandinavian
Old Norse name for ITALY.
MIKLAGARÐR (Settlement) Ancient Scandinavian
Old Norse name for ISTANBUL.
SERKLAND (Region) Ancient Scandinavian
Old Norse name for a region around the Caspian sea in the Middle East. The name is composed of Old Norse serkr "gown" and land "country"... [more]
SVÍÞJÓÐ (Country) Icelandic, Ancient Scandinavian
Icelandic and Old Norse form of SVERIGE.
VINLAND (Region) Ancient Scandinavian
Old Norse name for a place in modern Canada, named by viking Leif Eriksson c. 1000 AD. The first element of the name is uncertain, but it could be from Old Norse vín "wine" or vin "meadow".
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