Icelandic Submitted Place Names

Icelandic names are used on the island nation of Iceland. See also about Scandinavian names.
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Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
ABKASÍA (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of ABKHAZIA.
ABUJA (Settlement) Western African, Hausa, Igbo, Yoruba, Afrikaans, Arabic, Armenian, Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Urdu
From Abu-Ja, a nickname of 19th-century monarch Abubakar Jatau (sometimes referred to as "Abu"), who founded what is now the city of Abuja in 1828. By some accounts, he was described as having fair skin, which possibly earned him the nickname Ja meaning "red" in Hausa... [more]
ACEH (Political Subdivision) Indonesian, Buginese, Malay, Minangkabau, Danish, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Icelandic, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
From Acehnese Acèh, meaning uncertain. A popular backronym states that it is derived from Indonesian Arab, Cina, Eropa, Hindia meaning "Arab, China, Europe, Indies" referring to the groups and regions that have historically influenced the people of Aceh... [more]
AFRÍKA (Region) Icelandic
Icelandic form of AFRICA.
AKUREYRI (Settlement) Icelandic
Combination of Icelandic akur "field" and eyri "sandbank". Akureyri is a town in the north of Iceland.
ALBANÍA (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of ALBANIA.
ALMATY (Settlement) Kazakh, Albanian, Belarusian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkmen, Ukrainian
Meaning uncertain, possibly from Kazakh алма (alma) meaning "apple". This is the name of the largest city in Kazakhstan.
ALSÍR (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of ALGERIA.
ANDORRA (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Catalan, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Greek, Hungarian, Icelandic, Italian, Luxembourgish, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian
The name of the country of Andorra, whose name is possibly derived from a Basque word andurrial (“shrub-covered land”), but it may come from Arabic الدرا (“the forest”) or Spanish andar (“to walk”).
ARABÍA (Political Subdivision & Region) Icelandic
Icelandic form of ARABIA.
ASÍA (Region) Icelandic
Icelandic form of ASIA.
ÁSTRALÍA (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of AUSTRALIA.
AÞENA (Settlement) Icelandic
Icelandic form of ATHENS.
AUSTURRÍKI (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of AUSTRIA.
AUSTUR-TÍMOR (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of EAST TIMOR.
AYUTTHAYA (Country & Settlement) Thai, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Derived from Sanskrit अयुध्य (ayudhya) meaning "invincible, unconquerable". This was the name of a kingdom (as well as one of its capital cities) that reigned from 1350 to 1767, considered the precursor of modern Thailand.
BAKÚ (Settlement) Asturian, Catalan, Galician, Icelandic, Spanish
Asturian, Catalan, Galician, Icelandic, and Spanish form of BAKU.
BANDAR SERI BEGAWAN (Settlement) Malay, Indonesian, Afrikaans, Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
From Malay bandar meaning "town", seri meaning "radiance, splendour, glory", and begawan meaning "holy". The name comes from Seri Begawan, a Malay title used by Bruneian Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien III (1914-1986), which is ultimately derived from Sanskrit श्री भगवान् (śrī bhagvān) meaning "radiance of the gods"... [more]
BANGKOK (Settlement) Thai, Afrikaans, Armenian, Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Korean, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Lao, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Uzbek
Believed to be derived from Thai บาง (baang) meaning "community, village, settlement" and กอก (gòk) meaning "olive", possibly used in reference to the olive trees that grew around the area... [more]
BAREIN (Country) Burmese, Icelandic, Korean
Burmese, Icelandic, and Korean form of BAHRAIN.
BELGÍA (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of BELGIUM.
BRASILÍA (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of BRAZIL.
BRETLAND (Country) Icelandic, Faroese, Medieval English
Icelandic, Faroese and Old English form of BRITAIN (see also: UNITED KINGDOM).
BRUSSEL (Settlement) Dutch, Afrikaans, Icelandic, Norwegian
Dutch, Afrikaans, Icelandic and Norwegian form of Brussels.
BÚLGARÍA (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of BULGARIA.
BÚRMA (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of BURMA.
BUSAN (Settlement) Korean, Afrikaans, Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Serbian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
From Sino-Korean 釜山 (Busan) meaning "cauldron mountain" from 釜 (bu) meaning "cauldron, pot, kettle" and 山 (san) meaning "mountain". This is the name of a city in South Korea.
CASABLANCA (Settlement) Afrikaans, Bosnian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
Means "white house" in Spanish, from casa meaning "house" and blanca meaning "white". The name originates from a Spanish translation of the Arabic name الدَّار الْبَيْضَاء (ad-Dār al-Bayḍāʾ), which in turn was derived from a calque of the Portuguese name Casa Branca... [more]
CHONGQING (Settlement) Chinese, Afrikaans, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kurdish, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
From Chinese 重 (chóng) meaning "to double, to duplicate" and 庆 (qìng) meaning "celebration, to celebrate". This is the name of a city in China.
CURAÇAO (Political Subdivision & Island) Afrikaans, Basque, Bosnian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Swedish, Turkish
An island in the Caribbean Sea that is part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
DAGESTAN (Political Subdivision) Russian, Afrikaans, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog
Derived from Turkish dağ meaning "mountain" and the Persian suffix -ستان (-stan) meaning "land of". This is the name of a federal subject of Russia.
DJAKARTA (Settlement) Dutch (Archaic), Afrikaans, Icelandic
Archaic Dutch form of JAKARTA as well as the modern Afrikaans and Icelandic form of the name. The modern Dutch form is written exactly the same as the English form.
DJÍBÚTÍ (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of DJIBOUTI.
DNJESTR (River) Dutch, Icelandic, Danish, German, Norwegian, Swedish
Dutch and Icelandic form of DNIESTER as well as a Danish, German, Norwegian and Swedish alternative name for the river.
EFRAT (River) Bulgarian, Icelandic
Bulgarian and Icelandic form of EUPHRATES.
EGYPTALAND (Country) Icelandic, Faroese
Icelandic and Faroese form of EGYPT.
EISTLAND (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of ESTONIA.
EÞÍÓPÍA (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of ETHIOPIA.
EVRÓPA (Region) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Europa (see EUROPE).
EYJAFJALLAJÖKULL (Other) Icelandic
Means "island mountain glacier". From Icelandic eyja "island", fjall "mountain", and jökull "glacier". Eyjafjallajökull is a glacier and volcano in Iceland whose eruptions in 2010 caused a great air travel disruption in Europe.
FÆREYJAR (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic cognate of FØROYAR.
FÍDJÍEYJAR (Country) Icelandic
Combination of Fidji "Fiji" and eyjar "islands". This is the Icelandic name for FIJI.
FÍLABEINSSTRÖNDIN (Country) Icelandic
Combination of Icelandic fílabein "ivory" and strönd "coast", making this an Icelandic calque of CÔTE D'IVOIRE.
FILIPPSEYJAR (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of the PHILIPPINES.
FRAKKLAND (Country) Icelandic, Ancient Scandinavian
Ultimately from Old Norse frakkar "Franks" and land "land". This is the Icelandic and Old Norse form of FRANCE.
GABON (Country) Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Turkish
Derived from Portuguese gabão meaning "cloak, overcoat", used to refer to the shape of the estuary of the Komo River by Libreville. This is the name of a country in Central Africa along the Atlantic coast.
GALÍLEA (Region) Icelandic
Icelandic form of GALILEE.
GAMBÍA (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of GAMBIA.
GANGES (River) Afrikaans, Armenian, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Icelandic, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
From Ancient Greek Γάγγης (Gángēs) from Sanskrit गङ्गा (gáṅgā) meaning "swift-goer", ultimately from गच्छति (gacchati) meaning "to go". This is the name of a river in South Asia that flows through India and Bangladesh.
GÍNEA (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of GUINEA.
GÍNEA-BISSÁ (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Guinea-Bissau.
GRÆNHÖFÐAEYJAR (Country) Icelandic
Combination of Icelandic grænn "green", höfði "headland, promontory", and eyjur "islands". This is the Icelandic name for CAPE VERDE.
GRAN CANARIA (Island) Spanish, English, Esperanto, Dutch, Welsh, Breton, Asturian, Aragonese, German, Estonian, Faroese, Galician, Croatian, Italian, Hungarian, Norwegian, Serbo-Croatian, Finnish, Swedish, Turkish, Icelandic, Czech, Polish, Romanian, Scots, Slovene
From Spanish gran "grande, great" and Canaria referring to the CANARY ISLANDS. Gran Canaria is the third largest and second most populous island of the Canary Islands.
GRENADA (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, Georgian, German, Greek, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Uzbek
Probably from Granada, the name of a city in Andalusia, Spain, which is derived from Arabic غَرْنَاطَة‎ (ḡarnāṭa) possibly meaning "hill of strangers". This is the name of an island country in the Caribbean.
GRIKKLAND (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of GREECE.
GVAM (Political Subdivision & Island) Icelandic, Serbian, Slovene
Icelandic, Serbian and Slovenian form of GUAM.
HAFNARFJÖRÐUR (Settlement) Icelandic
Combination of Icelandic höfn "harbour, port" and fjörður "fjord". Hafnarfjörður is the third largest city in Iceland.
HAVANA (Settlement) Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Czech, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Georgian, Hindi, Icelandic, Indonesian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu
From Spanish Habana, which is derived from Habaguanex, the name of a Taíno chief who controlled the area. This is the name of the capital city of Cuba.
HVÍTA-RÚSSLAND (Country) Icelandic
Means "white Russia", an Icelandic calque of BELARUS.
INDLAND (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of INDIA.
INDÓNESÍA (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of INDONESIA.
ÍRAK (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of IRAQ.
ÍRAN (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of IRAN.
ÍSAFJÖRÐUR (Settlement) Icelandic
Means "ice fjord" from Icelandic ís meaning "ice" and fjörður meaning "fjord". This is the name of a town in Iceland.
ISLAMABAD (Settlement) Afrikaans, Armenian, Belarusian, Bengali, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Ukrainian, Uyghur
From Urdu اسلام آباد (Islām ābād) meaning "city of Islam" from the name of the religion of Islam and Urdu آباد (ābād) meaning "inhabited place, city". This is the name of the capital city of Pakistan.
ÍSRAEL (Country) Icelandic, Faroese
Icelandic and Faroese form of ISRAEL.
ÍTALÍA (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of ITALY.
JAVA (Political Subdivision & Island) Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Icelandic, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Mongolian, Nepali, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Serbian, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik
From Indonesian Jawa, which is of uncertain origin. It is most likely derived from Sanskrit यव-द्वीप (yava-dvīpa) meaning "island of barley", though it may have come from Javanese ꦗꦸꦮꦮꦸꦠ꧀ (juwawut) meaning "foxtail millet (a type of plant)" or Malay jauh meaning "far, distant"... [more]
JERÚSALEM (Settlement) Icelandic
Icelandic form of JERUSALEM.
JÓRDANÍA (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of JORDAN.
JÓRVÍK (Settlement) Ancient Scandinavian, Icelandic
Icelandic and Old Norse form of YORK. It is believed to be derived from Old English Eoforwic, itself believed to be derived from Latin Eboracum possibly meaning "place of the yew trees".
KABÚL (Settlement) Icelandic
Icelandic form of KABUL.
KÁKASUS (Region & Mountain) Icelandic
Icelandic form of CAUCASUS.
KALIMANTAN (Political Subdivision, Island & Region) Indonesian, Acehnese, Balinese, Banjar, Buginese, Javanese, Malay, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Czech, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hindi, Icelandic, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Turkish, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Means "burning weather (island)" from Sanskrit काल (kālá) meaning "time, season" and क्वथन (kvathana) meaning "boiling, churning". This is the name of the Indonesian portion of the island of Borneo, though it is used to refer to the entire island in Indonesian... [more]
KAMBÓDÍA (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of CAMBODIA.
KARÞAGÓ (Settlement) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Carthage.
KASAKSTAN (Country) Afrikaans, Icelandic, Faroese
Afrikaans, Icelandic and Faroese form of KAZAKHSTAN.
KATALÓNÍA (Political Subdivision & Region) Icelandic
Icelandic form of CATALONIA.
KATMANDÚ (Settlement) Asturian, Catalan, Galician, Icelandic, Spanish
Asturian, Catalan, Galician, Icelandic, and Spanish form of KATHMANDU.
KÍNA (Country) Icelandic, Hungarian
Icelandic and Hungarian form of CHINA.
KÓPAVOGUR (Settlement) Icelandic
Combination of Icelandic kópur "seal" and vogur "bay". Kópavogur is the second largest city in Iceland.
KÓRINÞA (Settlement) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Corinthus (see CORINTH).
KRÓATÍA (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of CROATIA.
KÝPUR (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of CYPRUS.
LAGOS (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Western African, Hausa, Igbo, Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Turkmen, Uzbek
From Portuguese lagos meaning "lakes". This is the name of a city in Nigeria as well as a state of the same name.
LAOS (Country) Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dhivehi, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hindi, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Nepali, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Coined by the French when they united the three historical Lao kingdoms into French Indochina, a former group of colonial territories in Southeast Asia. The name comes from Lao ລາວ (lāo), the ethnic name of Lao people, who were the dominant group in the region... [more]
LAUSITZ (Region) German, Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, Icelandic, Norwegian, Swedish
German form of Lusatia, which some countries have adopted as their name for the Central European region.
LESÓTÓ (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of LESOTHO.
LETTLAND (Country) Faroese, German, Icelandic, Swedish
Cognate of LATVIA.
LÍBANON (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of LEBANON.
LITHÁEN (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of LITHUANIA.
LÚSITANÍA (Political Subdivision & Region) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Lusitania.
LÚXEMBORG (Country & Settlement) Icelandic
Icelandic form of LUXEMBOURG. This is the name of both the country and its capital.
MAKEDÓNÍA (Region) Icelandic
Icelandic form of MACEDONIA.
MALASÍA (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of MALAYSIA.
MALÍ (Country) Icelandic, Spanish
Icelandic and Spanish form of MALI.
MALTA (Country & Island) Afrikaans, Albanian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, Georgian, German, Greek, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kurdish, Latvian, Lithuanian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Origin uncertain, possibly derived from Greek μέλι (meli) meaning "honey". This is the name of an island nation in southern Europe.
MÁRITANÍA (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of MAURITANIA.
MAROKKÓ (Country) Hungarian, Icelandic
Hungarian and Icelandic form of MOROCCO.
MEXÍKÓ (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of MEXICO.
MINDANAO (Island) Filipino, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kazakh, Korean, Kyrgyz, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From a Spanish corruption of Magindanaw, the endonym of the Maguindanao people. The ethnic name means "people of the flood plains" or "people of the lake" from Maguindanao danao meaning "lake"... [more]
MIÐBAUGS-GÍNEA (Country) Icelandic
Combination of Icelandic miðbaugur "equator" and GÍNEA. This is the Icelandic name for Equatorial Guinea.
MIÐJARÐARHAFIÐ (Body of Water) Icelandic
Combination of Icelandic mið/ur "middle", jarðar (the genitive singular form of jörð) "earth" and haf "sea". This is the Icelandic name for the MEDITERRANEAN Sea.
MOLDÓVA (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of MOLDOVA.
MÓNAKÓ (Country & Settlement) Icelandic
Icelandic form of MONACO.
MONGÓLÍA (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) Icelandic
Icelandic form of MONGOLIA.
MÓSAMBÍK (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of MOZAMBIQUE.
NAYPYIDAW (Settlement) Afrikaans, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
From Burmese နေပြည်တော် (ne-pranytau) meaning "abode of the king", from နေပြည် (ne-prany) meaning "abode" and တော် (tau) meaning "royal, sacred"... [more]
NIKÓSÍA (Settlement) Icelandic
Icelandic form of NICOSIA.
NOREGUR (Country) Icelandic, Faroese (Rare, Archaic)
Icelandic form of Norðvegr, the Old Norse form of NORWAY.
NORÐUR-MAKEDÓNÍA (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of NORTH MACEDONIA.
PANAMA (Country) Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Belarusian, Bengali, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Burmese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Irish, Italian, Japanese, Kazakh, Khmer, Korean, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Lao, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek
From Spanish Panamá of uncertain meaning. It may be derived from the name of a tree commonly found in the area (genus Sterculia), from an indigenous word meaning "many butterflies", from Kuna bannaba meaning "distant, far away", or from a Guaraní word meaning "place of many fish"... [more]
PARAGVÆ (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of PARAGUAY.
PARÞÍA (Region) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Parthia.
PHNOM PENH (Settlement) Afrikaans, Albanian, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
From Khmer ភ្នំពេញ (phnum pɨñ) meaning "Penh's hill", from ភ្នំ (phnum) meaning "hill, mountain" and ពេញ (pɨñ), the name of a legendary woman who supposedly founded the city in 1372... [more]
PHUKET (Political Subdivision, Settlement & Island) Thai, Albanian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Lao, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Derived from Malay bukit meaning "hill". This is the name of an island, province, and city in southern Thailand.
PJONGJANG (Settlement) Afrikaans, Bosnian, Croatian, Dutch, Finnish, Icelandic, Macedonian, Polish, Serbian, Slovene
Form of PYONGYANG. In Belgium and the Netherlands, this spelling is technically considered dated but still used regularly there (especially in Belgium)... [more]
PLOVDIV (Settlement) Bulgarian, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Uzbek
From a Thracian translation of the Latin name Pulpudeva, which is possibly derived from the given name PHILLIP and Dacian dava meaning "city, town, fortress"... [more]
PÓLLAND (Country) Faroese, Icelandic
Faroese and Icelandic form of POLAND.
PORTÚGAL (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of PORTUGAL.
RABAT (Settlement) Arabic, Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bosnian, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hebrew, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian
From Arabic الرباط (ar-rabāṭ) meaning "the ribat", referring to a type of fortification used during the Muslim conquest of the Maghreb. It is also used as a shortened form of the city's Arabic nickname, رِبَاط الفَتْح (ribāṭu l-fatḥ), which means "fortification of conquest, fortification of victory"... [more]
REYKJAVÍK (Settlement) Icelandic
Means "bay of smokes", from Old Norse reykir, plural of reykr “smoke” and vík "bay". Steam from hot springs in the region is said to have inspired Reykjavík's name.
RÍN (River) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Rhine.
RÚMENÍA (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of ROMANIA.
RÚSSLAND (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of RUSSIA.
SAHARA (Country & Region) Afrikaans, Armenian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Faroese, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kannada, Korean, Kurdish, Macedonian, Malay, Malayalam, Marathi, Nepali, Norwegian, Polish, Punjabi, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish, Tagalog, Telugu, Thai, Turkmen, Yiddish
Derived from Arabic صَحَارَى‎ (ṣaḥārā) meaning "deserts", the plural of صَحْرَاء (ṣaḥrāʾ) meaning "desert". This is the name of a desert in Northern Africa as well as a disputed territory and semi-independent state (Western Sahara).
SAN MARÍNÓ (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of San Marino.
SAPPORO (Settlement) Japanese, Afrikaans, Azerbaijani, Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hindi, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Turkish, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From Ainu サッ・ポロ・ペッ (sat poro pet) meaning "dry, great river", referring to the Toyohira River. This is the name of a city in northern Japan that serves as the capital of the Hokkaido Prefecture.
SHENZHEN (Settlement) Chinese, Afrikaans, Armenian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
From Chinese 深 (shēn) meaning "deep" and 圳 (zhèn) meaning "furrow, drainage, ditch". This is the name of a city in China.
SIAM (Country) Afrikaans, Armenian, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Khmer, Korean, Kyrgyz, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From Portuguese Sciam, which was derived from Thai สยาม (sà-yǎam) of debated origin. The name may have come from Pali suvaṇṇabhūmi meaning "land of gold", Sanskrit श्याम (śyāma) meaning "dark, black", or Mon ရာမည (rhmañña) meaning "stranger"... [more]
SÍLE (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of CHILE.
SJANGHÆ (Settlement) Icelandic
Icelandic form of SHANGHAI.
SJIMKENT (Settlement) Icelandic
Icelandic form of SHYMKENT.
SLÓVAKÍA (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of SLOVAKIA.
SLÓVENÍA (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of SLOVENIA.
SPÁNN (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of SPAIN.
SPARTA (Settlement) English, Czech, Danish, Finnish, German, Icelandic, Manx, Polish, Ancient Greek, Ancient Roman, History
From Doric Greek Σπάρτα (Sparta) and Attic Greek Σπάρτη (Spartē), which is of uncertain origin but possibly derived from σπάρτον (sparton) meaning "rope, cable" - a reference to the cords laid as the city’s foundation boundaries, though this could be just a folk etymology.... [more]
STEIERMARK (Political Subdivision & Region) German, Danish, Finnish, Icelandic, Luxembourgish, Norwegian, Swedish
German form of Styria, which some countries have adopted as their name for both the Austrian state and the Austro-Slovenian region.
STÓRA-BRETLAND (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Great Britain.
SÚMATRA (Political Subdivision & Island) Icelandic
Icelandic form of SUMATRA.
SURTSEY (Island) Icelandic
Means "SURTR's island" in Icelandic. Surtsey is an uninhabited island south of Iceland that formed in a volcanic eruption (which lasted several years) in the mid-1960s.
SVARTFJALLALAND (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of Montenegro, from Icelandic svartur "black", fjall "mountain" and land "country".
SVISS (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of SWITZERLAND.
SVÍÞJÓÐ (Country) Icelandic
Combination of Icelandic Svíi "Swede" and þjóð "a people, a nation". This is the Icelandic form of SWEDEN.
TAÍLAND (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of THAILAND.
TAÍVAN (Country & Island) Icelandic
Icelandic form of TAIWAN.
TATARSTAN (Political Subdivision) Tatar, Bashkir, Basque, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Danish, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovene, Swedish, Ukrainian
From the ethnic name татар (tatar) combined with the Persian suffix -ستان (-stan) meaning "land of". The ethnic name is of uncertain origin, though it is believed to be derived from tata, an endonym for the Mongols... [more]
TÉKKLAND (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of ČECHY, used as a name for the Czech Republic (see CZECHIA).
TÉTÉNÍA (Political Subdivision) Icelandic
Icelandic form of CHECHNYA.
ÞÝSKALAND (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic cognate of DEUTSCHLAND.
TYRKLAND (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of TURKEY.
ÚKRAÍNA (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of UKRAINE.
UNGVERJALAND (Country) Icelandic
Icelandic form of HUNGARY.
VIENTIANE (Settlement) French, Afrikaans, Albanian, Bosnian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Portuguese (Brazilian), Romanian, Slovak, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
French form of Lao ວຽງຈັນ (wīang chan) meaning "city of sandalwood" or "city of the moon" from Lao ວຽງ (wīang) meaning "city, town" and ຈັນ (chan) meaning "sandalwood" or "moon" (see WIANGCHAN)... [more]
XINJIANG (Political Subdivision & Region) Chinese, Afrikaans, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kurdish, Malay, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Swedish, Tagalog
Means "new frontier" from Chinese 新 (xīn) meaning "new" and 疆 (jiāng) meaning "boundary, border, frontier". This is the name of an autonomous region in western China as well as a historical region in Central Asia.
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