Ancient Roman Submitted Place Names

These names were used in ancient Rome and many parts of the Roman Empire. See also about Roman names.
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Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
ARABIA (Political Subdivision & Region) Ancient Greek, Ancient Roman, Basque, English, Finnish, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Spanish
Of Semitic origin, but the precise meaning is uncertain, as the root word has many possible meanings in the Semitic languages.... [more]
CHORASMIA (Region & Political Subdivision) Ancient Greek, Ancient Roman, English, Greek
Ancient Greek and Ancient Roman name for the region of Khwarazm in Central Asia. It was named after the Chorasmians, a local Iranian tribe who were known as Χωράσμιοι (Chorasmioi) to the Greeks and as Chorasmii to the Romans.... [more]
ETRURIA (Country) English, Italian, Spanish, Ancient Roman, History
Meaning unknown. This was the name of an ancient country in the Italian Peninsula (located in what is now Tuscany) inhabited by the Etruscans.... [more]
GALLIA (Region & Country) Ancient Roman, Estonian, Finnish, Greek, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian
Ancient Roman name for the historical region of GAUL, which some modern countries have adopted as their name for that region.... [more]
ISTER (River) Ancient Greek (Latinized), Ancient Roman
Latinized form of ISTROS. The Romans used this as an alternative name for the DANUBE river, which was primarily known to them under the name DANUBIUS.
IUDAEA (Region) Ancient Roman, Biblical Latin
Latin form of JUDEA.
LONDINENSI (Settlement) Ancient Roman, Biblical Latin
Latin form of LONDON, the capital city of the UNITED KINGDOM.
OLISIPO (Settlement) Ancient Roman
Ancient name of LISBOA used while the city were a part of the Roman Empire. Probably derived from the name ODYSSEUS.
POMPEII (Settlement) Ancient Roman
Possibly derived from the Oscan pompe "five", becoming the Latin second declension plural, pompeii. This may be because the community formerly consisted of five hamlets, or was perhaps settled by a family group (gens Pompeia).... [more]
SCANIA (Region & Political Subdivision) English, Italian, Ancient Roman
English, Italian and Latin form of SKÅNE.
SICILIA (Political Subdivision & Island) Ancient Roman, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian, Spanish, Tagalog
Ancient Roman (i.e. Classical Latin) form of SICILY, which some modern countries have adopted as their name for the island.
SPARTA (Settlement) English, Czech, Danish, Finnish, German, Icelandic, Manx, Polish, Ancient Greek, Ancient Roman, History
From Doric Greek Σπάρτα (Sparta) and Attic Greek Σπάρτη (Spartē), which is of uncertain origin but possibly derived from σπάρτον (sparton) meaning "rope, cable" - a reference to the cords laid as the city’s foundation boundaries, though this could be just a folk etymology.... [more]
SVECIA (Country) Ancient Roman
Latin form of SVERIGE.
TRANSOXANIA (Region) Ancient Roman
Means "beyond the river Oxus", derived from Latin trans meaning "across, beyond" combined with the Latin noun Oxus meaning "the river Oxus".... [more]
VESUVIUS (Mountain) Ancient Greek, Ancient Roman
There are three theories about the origin of the name Vesuvius:... [more]
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