Finnish Submitted Place Names

Finnish names are used in the country of Finland in northern Europe.
type
usage
Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
Aachen (Settlement) English, Danish, Finnish, German, Greek, Hungarian, Norwegian, Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Turkish
From Old High German aha or its Latin counterpart aquae, referring to the sacred springs associated with Granus, a Celtic god, from which the Latin form Aquisgranum derives. This is the name of a city in western Germany.
Abhasia (Country) Finnish
Finnish form of Abkhazia.
Aden (Settlement & Body of Water) English, Armenian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Hebrew, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Polish, Russian, Serbian, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian
From Akkadian edinu, "plain, lowland", itself loaned from Sumerian eden ("plain, open country"). This is the name of a city and a gulf in Yemen.
Afrikka (Region) Finnish
Finnish form of Africa.
Alpit (Mountain) Finnish
Finnish form of Alps.
Amerikka (Country & Region) Finnish
Finnish form of America.
Andorra (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Catalan, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Greek, Hungarian, Icelandic, Italian, Luxembourgish, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian
The name of the country of Andorra, whose name is possibly derived from a Basque word andurrial (“shrub-covered land”), but it may come from Arabic الدرا (“the forest”) or Spanish andar (“to walk”).
Antananarivo (Settlement) English, Catalan, Esperanto, Finnish, Galician, Hungarian, Italian, Macedonian, Malagasy, Portuguese, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Spanish, Yiddish
Means "City of the Thousand" in Malagasy, in honor of Merina king Andrianjaka, whose garrison of a thousand soldiers seized and guarded the area... [more]
Arabia (Political Subdivision & Region) Ancient Greek, Ancient Roman, Basque, English, Finnish, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Spanish
Of Semitic origin, but the precise meaning is uncertain, as the root word has many possible meanings in the Semitic languages.... [more]
Aruba (Political Subdivision & Island) Afrikaans, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Italian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian
An island in the Caribbean Sea that is part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
Ašgabat (Settlement) Croatian, Finnish
Croatian and Finnish form of Ashgabat.
Ateena (Settlement) Estonian, Finnish
Estonian and Finnish form of Athens.
Azerbaidžan (Country) Finnish, Veps
Finnish and Veps form of Azerbaijan.
Azorit (Political Subdivision & Region) Finnish
Finnish form of Azores.
Bahrain (Country) Arabic, Catalan, Danish, English, Finnish, German, Indonesian, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian, Swedish, Tagalog
Means "two seas" in Arabic, derived from بحر (bahr) meaning "sea" combined with the pluralising suffix ـين (ayni). In Arabic it is properly written with the definite article as البحرين (al-Bahrain)... [more]
Bangladesh (Country) Bengali, Armenian, Basque, Breton, Bulgarian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Hebrew, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Swahili, Swedish, Uzbek
From Bengali বাংলাদেশ (Bangladeś) meaning "land of the Bengalis", from the name of the Bengali people and Sanskrit देश (deśá) meaning "country, kingdom, land, state"... [more]
Bari (Settlement) Italian, English, Armenian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Greek, Hungarian, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Sicilian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
From Latin Barium, itself of uncertain origin, possibly from Messapic *baur or *bur, meaning "house", ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bhreu ("to grow, to be"). This is the name of the capital city of Apulia, in southern Italy.
Bhutan (Country) English, Bengali, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, German, Indian, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Nepali, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Urdu
Probably from བོད (bod), the Tibetan name for the region of Tibet, derived from Sanskrit भोट-अन्त (bhoṭa-anta) meaning "end of Tibet" (referring to the country's geographical location in southern extremity of the Tibetan plateau)... [more]
Bonaire (Political Subdivision & Island) Afrikaans, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Latvian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
An island in the Caribbean Sea that is a special municipality of the Netherlands.
Brasilia (Country) Finnish
Finnish form of Brazil.
Brunei (Country) Malay, Albanian, Basque, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Luxembourgish, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Ukrainian
Probably derived from the name of the island of Borneo, which in turn is most likely from Sanskrit वरुण (váruṇa) meaning "ocean, water". A local legend suggests that the name may be derived from the phrase baru nah meaning "there!" or "that's it!", which was supposedly declared by Muhammad Shah, Brunei's first sultan... [more]
Bryssel (Settlement) Finnish, Swedish
Finnish and Swedish form of Brussels.
Burjatia (Political Subdivision) Danish, Finnish, Norwegian
Danish, Finnish, and Norwegian form of Buryatia.
Burundi (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Breton, Bulgarian, Burmese, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Faroese, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian
The name of the Country in East Africa. Burundi, officially the Republic of Burundi, is a landlocked country in the African Great Lakes region of East Africa, bordered by Rwanda to the north, Tanzania to the east and south, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west.
Calabria (Political Subdivision) Italian, English, Finnish, Galician, Spanish
From Ancient Greek Καλαβρία (Kalabría), itself derived from the name of a local Oscan tribe. This is the name of a region in southern Italy.
Caracas (Settlement) English, Catalan, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Polish, Portuguese, Portuguese (Brazilian), Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish
From the earlier name Santiago de León de Caracas. The name Caracas is most likely derived from the name of a tribe that used to live in the area. This is the name of the capital city of Venezuela.
Costa Rica (Country) Spanish, Afrikaans, Basque, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Swedish
The name of the Country in Central America. Costa Rica is a rugged, rainforested Central American country with coastlines on the Caribbean and Pacific. Though its capital, San Jose, is home to cultural institutions like the Pre-Columbian Gold Museum, Costa Rica is known for its beaches, volcanoes, and biodiversity... [more]
Dacca (Settlement) Finnish, French, Italian, Romanian
Form of Dhaka.
Dominica (Country & Island) Afrikaans, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish
Derived from Latin dominica meaning "lordly" or "Sunday", named by explorer Christopher Columbus for his sighting of the island on a Sunday. This is the name of an island country in the Caribbean.
Dortmund (Settlement) English, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Italian, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Swedish
First mentioned in the 9th century AD as Throtmanni, of uncertain origin and meaning, the form Dortmunde first appeared in the 13th century. This is the name of a city in western Germany.
Emilia (Region) Italian, English, Finnish, Polish, Spanish
From the Via Aemilia, itself from Marcus Aemilius Lepidus, the Roman consul who planned the road. This is the name of a traditional region of northern Italy, now contained in the modern political region of Emilia-romagna.
Englanti (Country) Finnish
Finnish form of England.
Espoo (Settlement) Finnish
Derived from Esbo, a combination of Swedish asp "aspen" (or possibly äspe "aspen forest") and å "river, stream". Espoo is the second largest city (and urban area) in Finland.
Euraasia (Region) Estonian, Finnish
Estonian and Finnish form of Eurasia.
Eurooppa (Region) Finnish
Finnish form of Europa (see Europe).
Filippiinit (Country) Finnish
Finnish form of Philippines.
Firenze (Settlement) Italian, Danish, Finnish, Hungarian
Italian form of Florence.
Gabon (Country) Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Turkish
Derived from Portuguese gabão meaning "cloak, overcoat", used to refer to the shape of the estuary of the Komo River by Libreville. This is the name of a country in Central Africa along the Atlantic coast.
Gallia (Region & Country) Ancient Roman, Estonian, Finnish, Greek, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian
Ancient Roman name for the historical region of Gaul, which some modern countries have adopted as their name for that region.... [more]
Ganges (River) Afrikaans, Armenian, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Icelandic, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
From Ancient Greek Γάγγης (Gángēs) from Sanskrit गङ्गा (gáṅgā) meaning "swift-goer", ultimately from गच्छति (gacchati) meaning "to go". This is the name of a river in South Asia that flows through India and Bangladesh.
Gran Canaria (Island) Spanish, English, Esperanto, Dutch, Welsh, Breton, Asturian, Aragonese, German, Estonian, Faroese, Galician, Croatian, Italian, Hungarian, Norwegian, Serbo-Croatian, Finnish, Swedish, Turkish, Icelandic, Czech, Polish, Romanian, Scots, Slovene
From Spanish gran "grande, great" and Canaria referring to the Canary Islands. Gran Canaria is the third largest and second most populous island of the Canary Islands.
Grenada (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, Georgian, German, Greek, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Uzbek
Probably from Granada, the name of a city in Andalusia, Spain, which is derived from Arabic غَرْنَاطَة‎ (ḡarnāṭa) possibly meaning "hill of strangers". This is the name of an island country in the Caribbean.
Groznyi (Settlement) Finnish
Finnish form of Grozny.
Guam (Political Subdivision & Island) Afrikaans, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
The name of the Territory. Guam is a U.S. island territory in Micronesia, in the Western Pacific. It's distinguished by tropical beaches, Chamorro villages and ancient latte-stone pillars. Guam’s WWII significance is on view at the War in the Pacific National Historical Park, whose sites include Asan Beach, a former battlefield... [more]
Helsinki (Settlement) Finnish
The first settlers of the modern Helsinki area came from Hälsingland, Sweden. A parish called Helsinge parish was founded in the 14th century and was later developed into a town called Helsinge fors "the Helsinge rapids"... [more]
Ingušia (Political Subdivision) Finnish
Finnish form of Ingushetia.
Irlanti (Country & Island) Finnish
Finnish form of Ireland
Islanti (Country & Island) Finnish
Finnish form of Iceland
Istanbul (Settlement) Arabic, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, English, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Urdu, Uyghur, Uzbek
From Turkish İstanbul, which comes from a misinterpretation of the Medieval Greek phrase εἰς τὴν Πόλιν (eis tḗn pólin) meaning "to the City", a colloquial name for the city of Constantinople (reflecting its status as the only major city in the vicinity)... [more]
Itämeri (Body of Water) Finnish
Means "east sea" in Finnish. This is the Finnish form of the Baltic Sea, even though the sea is located to the west of Finland... [more]
Itävalta (Country) Finnish
Finnish calque of Österrike. This is the Finnish form of Austria
Japani (Country) Finnish, Icelandic, Swahili
Finnish, Icelandic and Swahili form of Japan
Jukkasjärvi (Settlement) Swedish, Finnish
Originally from Northern Sami Čohkkirasjávri meaning "lake of assembly". It was later changed to the much more Finnish-sounding name Jukkasjärvi. This probably changed the meaning of the name as the first element jukkas is of uncertain origin (but it coincides with the Finnish given name Jukka)... [more]
Juudea (Region) Finnish
Finnish form of Iudaea (see Judea).
Jyväskylä (Settlement) Finnish
Possibly a combination of Finnish jyvä "grain" and kylä "village". Jyväskylä is the 7th largest city in Finland.
Kabul (Settlement) Arabic, Armenian, Belarusian, Bengali, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Korean, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Ukrainian
From Pashto کابل (Kabal) which may have been derived from Kambuja or Kamboja, the name of an ancient Indo-Iranian tribe and kingdom. The name is of uncertain meaning, possibly from Sanskrit काम (kama) meaning "love, desire" and भुज् (bhuj) meaning "use, possess, rule"... [more]
Kaledonia (Region) Finnish, Polish
Finnish and Polish form of Caledonia.
Kalmukia (Political Subdivision) Asturian, Finnish, Spanish
Asturian, Finnish, and Spanish form of Kalmykia.
Kap Verde (Country & Island) Danish, Finnish, German, Swedish
Danish, Finnish, German and Swedish form of Cape Verde.
Karibia (Region) Finnish, Indonesian, Norwegian
Finnish, Indonesian, and Norwegian form of Caribbean.
Karjala (Political Subdivision) Finnish
Finnish form of Karelia.
Karpaatit (Mountain) Finnish
Finnish form of Carpathians.
Katalonia (Political Subdivision & Region) Albanian, Armenian, Finnish, Georgian, Greek, Polish
Form of Catalonia.
Kaukasia (Region) Finnish, Norwegian
Finnish and Norwegian form of Caucasia, which is an alternative name for the Caucasus geographical region.
Kazbek (Mountain) Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bashkir, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tajik, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From Russian Казбек (Kazbek) which is from Arabic قَاضِي (qāḍī) meaning "judge, arbiter" combined with the Turkish military title beg meaning "chieftain, master"... [more]
Khartum (Settlement) Bengali, Catalan, Finnish, German, Italian, Mongolian, Yiddish, Russian
Form of Khartoum used in several languages.
Kiina (Country) Finnish
Finnish form of China.
Kirgisia (Country) Finnish
Finnish form of Kyrgyzstan via its Russian name Kirgiziya.
Konstantinopoli (Settlement) Finnish, Georgian
Finnish and Georgian form of Constantinople.
Kööpenhamina (Settlement) Finnish
Finnish form of Copenhagen derived from the Swedish form Köpenhamn.
Kosovo (Country) Afrikaans, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Indonesian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Ukrainian
From Albanian Kosova or Kosovë, which is derived from Serbian кос (kos) meaning "blackbird", an ellipsis of Косово Поље (Kosovo Polje) meaning "blackbird field"... [more]
Krim (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) Afrikaans, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, German, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Norwegian, Serbian, Swedish
Form of Crimea.
Kuopio (Settlement) Finnish
Meaning uncertain. Possibly derived from the Karelian given name Prokopij.
Kuwait (Country) Arabic, Danish, English, Finnish, German, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
Of uncertain meaning, possibly from the alleged Arabic root ك و ت (k-w-t) or from a word meaning "fortress built near water". This is the name of a country in Western Asia, usually written with the definite article: الكويت (al-Kuwait) in Arabic.
Lahti (Settlement) Finnish
Taken directly from Finnish lahti "bay". Lahti is the name of several places in Finland, including the 8th largest city.
Lanao (Political Subdivision & Body of Water) Filipino, Cebuano, Tagalog, Ilocano, Pampangan, Chinese, Czech, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Russian, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian
From Maranao ranaw meaning "lake, body of water". This is the name of a lake and two provinces in the southern Philippines.
Latina (Settlement) Italian, English, Finnish, French
Derived from the former name Latinia, itself adopted in 1944 to replace the name Littoria, which had been chosen by the Fascist government upon the inauguration of the city in 1932... [more]
Lausitz (Region) German, Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, Icelandic, Norwegian, Swedish
German form of Lusatia, which some countries have adopted as their name for the Central European region.
Libya (Country) Northern African, Berber, English, Faroese, Finnish, Hausa, Indonesian, Malay, Norwegian, Swahili, Tagalog, Turkish
From Arabic ليبيا‎ (Lībiyā) from Ancient Greek Λιβύη (Libúē), which is derived from Libu, the name of an ancient Berber tribe (attested as rbw in Egyptian)... [more]
Livorno (Settlement) Italian, English, Bulgarian, Czech, Dutch, Esperanto, Finnish, German, Greek, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Ukrainian
From Old Italian Ligorno, itself from Latin Liburnus, derived from the tribe of the Liburnians (in Latin Liburni). This is the name of a port city in north-central Italy.
Loviisa (Settlement) Finnish
Loviisa is a town in the south of Finland named after Swedish queen Lovisa Ulrika.
Lusaka (Political Subdivision & Settlement) English, Chewa, Chinese, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Hebrew, Italian, Russian, Slovak, Spanish
From Lusaaka, the name of a local Lenje chief. This is the name of the capital city of Zambia, as well as the district and the province in which the city is located.
Madrid (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Spanish, Afrikaans, Arabic, Armenian, Asturian, Azerbaijani, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Galician, German, Hebrew, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Turkmen, Uzbek
From the older name Magerit, which is of uncertain meaning and origin. It may be derived from Arabic اَلْمَجْرِيط‎ (al-majrīṭ) meaning "source of water", from Latin matrix meaning "mother, source, origin (of rivers)", or from Celtic mageto ritu meaning "great bridge"... [more]
Malakka (Country, Political Subdivision, Settlement & Body of Water) Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Czech, Dutch, Finnish, German, Greek, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Luxembourgish, Norwegian, Polish, Russian, Turkish, Ukrainian
Form of Malacca.
Malesia (Country) Finnish, Italian, Thai
Finnish, Italian, and Thai form of Malaysia.
Mali (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Burmese, Catalan, Chinese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Lao, Latvian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Tatar, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From the name of the Mali Empire, which was derived from Mandinka or Bambara mali meaning "hippopotamus" or "the place where the king lives". This is the name of a landlocked country in West Africa.
Mauritania (Country) Albanian, English, Finnish, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian, Spanish, Filipino, Tagalog
From Latin Maurītānia, itself from Maurus meaning "Moor", a historical name for the Muslims that inhabited Northern Africa and the Iberian Peninsula during the Middle Ages. This is the name of a country in West Africa.
Moldova (Country) Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Danish, English, Estonian, Finnish, Georgian, Hungarian, Indonesian, Latvian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Romanian, Turkish, Ukrainian
From the name of the Moldova River in eastern Romania, which is of uncertain origin and meaning. It may be from Slavic mold- meaning "spruce, fir" or *moldu meaning "tender, soft, young", from Old German molde meaning "open-pit mine", or Gothic Mulda meaning "dust, dirt"... [more]
Molukit (Region) Finnish
Finnish form of Moluccas, which is a common alternative name for the Maluku Islands.
Montenegro (Country) Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Indonesian, Italian, Kurdish, Luxembourgish, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish
Means "black mountain" in Venetian, originally a calque of the Montenegrin name Црна Гора (Crna Gora) referring to Mount Lovćen... [more]
Nairobi (Settlement & River) English (British), English (American), Danish, Finnish, French, Hebrew, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese (Brazilian), Slovak, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish
From Maasai enkare nyrobi, which means "cold water" or "cold river". This is the name of a river and the capital city of Kenya.
Namibia (Country) Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Danish, English, Finnish, Georgian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Romanian, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, Urdu
From the name of the Namib Desert, derived from Khoekhoe namib meaning "desert" or "vast place". This is the name of a country in southern Africa.
Niamey (Settlement) English, Armenian, Danish, Finnish, French, Italian, Slovak, Spanish
Of uncertain origin; there are several theories on the origin of the name. It may be derived from a combination of Zarma words nia ("tree") and me ("shore where water is drawn"), or from the phrase "Wa niammané" ("take this city"), reportedly said by a Kalle clan chief... [more]
Niili (River) Finnish
Finnish form of Nile.
Oman (Country) Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bengali, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Burmese, Catalan, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kazakh, Korean, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Uyghur
From Arabic عمان‎ (ʿUmān), which is of disputed etymology. It may be from Arabic عُمَانَة (ʿumāna), a byname for the historical city of Sohar (presently located in Al Batinah North Governorate, Oman), which is probably derived from the root ع م ن‎ (ʿ-m-n) meaning "to settle, to remain, to dwell"... [more]
Ouagadougou (Settlement) English, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, French, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Luxembourgish, Mossi, Norwegian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Welsh
From Mossi Wogodogo, meaning "where honor and respect are received". This is the name of the capital city of Burkina Faso
Oulu (Settlement) Finnish
From the name of the Oulu River (Finnish: Oulujoki). Oulu is probably taken directly from the Finnish dialectal word oulu meaning "flood water". Oulu is a city in Northern Finland.
Panama (Country) Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Belarusian, Bengali, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Burmese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Irish, Italian, Japanese, Kazakh, Khmer, Korean, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Lao, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek
From Spanish Panamá of uncertain meaning. It may be derived from the name of a tree commonly found in the area (genus Sterculia), from an indigenous word meaning "many butterflies", from Kuna bannaba meaning "distant, far away", or from a Guaraní word meaning "place of many fish"... [more]
Pariisi (Settlement) Finnish
Finnish form of Paris.
Penang (Political Subdivision & Island) Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Spanish, Turkish
From Malay Pulau Pinang meaning "betel palm island", from pinang meaning "betel nut" or "betel palm" (a type of tree). This is the name of an island and state in Malaysia.
Pjongjang (Settlement) Afrikaans, Bosnian, Croatian, Dutch, Finnish, Icelandic, Macedonian, Polish, Serbian, Slovene
Form of Pyongyang. In Belgium and the Netherlands, this spelling is technically considered dated but still used regularly there (especially in Belgium)... [more]
Polynesia (Region) English, Finnish, Norwegian, Filipino, Tagalog
From Ancient Greek πολύς (polys) meaning "much, many" and νῆσος (nesos) meaning "island". This is the name of a subregion in Oceania.
Pori (Settlement) Finnish
Derived from Swedish borg "castle, fortress".
Puerto Rico (Political Subdivision) Spanish, Afrikaans, Basque, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hungarian, Luxembourgish, Norwegian, Romanian, Swedish
Means "rich port" in Spanish. Puerto Rico is a Caribbean island and unincorporated U.S. territory with a landscape of mountains, waterfalls and the El Yunque tropical rainforest. In San Juan, the capital and largest city, the Isla Verde area is known for its hotel strip, beach bars and casinos... [more]
Pyreneet (Mountain) Finnish
Finnish form of Pyrenees.
Qatar (Country) Arabic, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Persian, Romanian, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Urdu, Uyghur, Uzbek
From Catharrei, the name given to the inhabitants of region by Roman writer Pliny the Elder, which may have been based on the name of a local settlement. The name Catara was later used by Greek astronomer Ptolemy to refer to the peninsula, which was eventually transmitted into Arabic... [more]
Quito (Settlement) English, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Polish, Portuguese, Slovak, Spanish
From the Quitu tribe, whose name is derived from the combination of the Tsafiki words quitso ("center") and to ("world"). This is the name of the capital city of Ecuador.
Rein (River) Estonian, Finnish
Estonian and Finnish form of Rhine.
Riad (Settlement) Basque, Catalan, Finnish, Galician, German, Italian, Portuguese, Slovene, Spanish
Form of Riyadh used in several languages.
Riika (Settlement) Finnish
Finnish form of Riga.
Ruotsi (Country) Finnish
Derived from Roslagen, a region in Uppland, Sweden, whose name ultimately was derived from Old Swedish *roþs- "rowing"... [more]
Saariselkä (Settlement) Finnish
From Northern Sami suoločielgi meaning literally "islandback". Saariselkä is a village in Northern Finland.
Sahara (Country & Region) Afrikaans, Armenian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Faroese, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kannada, Korean, Kurdish, Macedonian, Malay, Malayalam, Marathi, Nepali, Norwegian, Polish, Punjabi, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish, Tagalog, Telugu, Thai, Turkmen, Yiddish
Derived from Arabic صَحَارَى‎ (ṣaḥārā) meaning "deserts", the plural of صَحْرَاء (ṣaḥrāʾ) meaning "desert". This is the name of a desert in Northern Africa as well as a disputed territory and semi-independent state (Western Sahara).
Sardinia (Region & Island) Basque, English, Finnish, Georgian, Greek, Indonesian, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian
An island which is also one of the 20 regions of Italy.
Savo (Political Subdivision) Finnish, Dutch, Estonian, German, Italian, Russian
Finnish form of Savonia, which some countries have adopted as their name for the Finnish historical province.
Seychellit (Country) Finnish
Finnish form of Seychelles.
Siam (Country) Afrikaans, Armenian, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Khmer, Korean, Kyrgyz, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From Portuguese Sciam, which was derived from Thai สยาม (sayam) of debated origin. The name may have come from Pali suvaṇṇabhūmi meaning "land of gold", Sanskrit श्याम (shyama) meaning "dark, black, blue" or Mon ရာမည (ramanya) meaning "stranger"... [more]
Siinai (Region & Mountain) Estonian, Finnish
Estonian and Finnish form of Sinai.
Singapore (Country, Settlement & Island) Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, Italian, Norwegian, Romanian, Swedish, Filipino, Tagalog
From Malay Singapura meaning "lion city", derived from Sanskrit सिंह (sinha) meaning "lion" and पुर (pura) meaning "city"... [more]
Sinkiang (Political Subdivision & Region) Albanian, Finnish, Portuguese, Spanish
Albanian, Finnish, Portuguese, and Spanish form of Xinjiang.
Siperia (Region) Finnish
Finnish form of Siberia.
Sisilia (Political Subdivision & Island) Finnish, Indonesian
Finnish and Indonesian form of Sicily.
Sparta (Settlement) English, Czech, Danish, Finnish, German, Icelandic, Manx, Polish, Ancient Greek, Ancient Roman, History
From Doric Greek Σπάρτα (Sparta) and Attic Greek Σπάρτη (Spartē), which is of uncertain origin but possibly derived from σπάρτον (sparton) meaning "rope, cable" - a reference to the cords laid as the city’s foundation boundaries, though this could be just a folk etymology.... [more]
Sri Lanka (Country & Island) Afrikaans, Albanian, Basque, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
From Sinhalese ශ්‍රී ලංකාව (ś‍rī laṁkāva) meaning "holy island", derived from Sanskrit श्री (śrī) meaning "holy, sacred" and लङ्का (laṅkā) meaning "island"... [more]
Steiermark (Political Subdivision & Region) German, Danish, Finnish, Icelandic, Luxembourgish, Norwegian, Swedish
German form of Styria, which some countries have adopted as their name for both the Austrian state and the Austro-Slovenian region.
Sudeetit (Mountain) Finnish
Finnish form of Sudetes.
Sulu (Political Subdivision, Region & Body of Water) Filipino, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Arabic, Azerbaijani, Chinese, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek
From Suluk, the Malay name for the Tausug people, in turn derived from Tausug Tau Sūg meaning "people of the current", from tau meaning "man, person" and sūg meaning "(sea) current, flow of water"... [more]
Tampere (Settlement) Finnish
From Tammerkoski, the name of the rapids that flow through the city. The first element tammer is of uncertain etymology. The second element is koski "rapids"... [more]
Taranto (Settlement) Italian, English, Armenian, Bulgarian, Finnish, Georgian, Romanian, Russian
From Latin Tarentum, itself from Ancient Greek Τάρᾱς (Tárās), itself probably derived from Illyrian *darandos, meaning "oak". This is the name of a city in southern Italy.
Thaimaa (Country) Finnish
From Finnish thai meaning "Thai" and maa meaning "land, country", used as the Finnish name for Thailand.
Tiibet (Region) Estonian, Finnish
Estonian and Finnish form of Tibet.
Togo (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Burmese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Korean, Latvian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Means "land where lagoons lie" from Ewe to meaning "water" and go meaning "shore". Togo, officially the Togolese Republic, is a country in West Africa bordered by Ghana to the west, Benin to the east and Burkina Faso to the north.
Tonava (River) Finnish
Finnish form of Danube.
Transdanubia (Region) English, Finnish, Norwegian, Romanian, Spanish
Means "beyond the river Danube", derived from Latin trans meaning "across, beyond" combined with the Latin noun Danubius meaning "the river Danube".... [more]
Transkaukasia (Region) Basque, Finnish, Norwegian
Basque, Finnish and Norwegian form of Transcaucasia.
Transnistria (Political Subdivision & Region) Basque, English, Estonian, Finnish, Italian, Norwegian, Romanian, Spanish
Means "beyond the river Dniester", derived from Latin trans meaning "across, beyond" combined with the Romanian noun Nistru meaning "the river Dniester".... [more]
Troija (Settlement) Finnish
Finnish form of Troy.
Tšad (Country) Finnish
Finnish form of Chad.
Tšekki (Country) Finnish
Finnish form of Čechy, used as a name for the Czech Republic.
Tšerkessia (Region) Finnish
Finnish form of Circassia.
Tšetšenia (Political Subdivision) Finnish
Finnish form of Chechnya.
Tunis (Country & Settlement) Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hebrew, Hindi, Indonesian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Russian, Serbian, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uyghur, Uzbek
Meaning uncertain, possibly from the Tamazight root ens meaning "to lie down, to pass the night" or from the name of the Phoenician goddess Tanith... [more]
Tunisia (Country) Basque, English, Finnish, Galician, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian, Swahili, Thai
The name of a country in North Africa, named after its capital city Tunis.
Turkmenistan (Country) Afrikaans, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Faroese, Finnish, German, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovene, Swedish, Filipino, Tagalog, Ukrainian
From Turkmen Türkmenistan, which is from the name of the Turkmen people combined with the Persian suffix ستان (stan) meaning "land of". The ethnic name is believed by some to mean "resembling a Turk" or "co-Turk", from the name of the Turkic peoples combined with the Sogdian suffix -myn or -men... [more]
Turku (Settlement) Finnish
From Old East Slavic търгъ (tǔrgǔ) meaning "market place". Turku is the 3rd largest urban area in Finland.
Ulan Bator (Settlement) Armenian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Danish, English, Finnish, Hebrew, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Serbian, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog
Form of Ulaanbaatar used in various languages as well as an English variant of the name.
Unkari (Country) Finnish
Finnish form of Hungary.
Välimeri (Body of Water) Finnish
Combination of Finnish väli "gap, space" and meri "sea". This is the Finnish name for the Mediterranean Sea.
Valko-venäjä (Country) Finnish
Means "White Russia" in Finnish. This is a Finnish calque of Belarus
Vantaa (Settlement) Finnish
From the name of the Vantaa River. Vantaa is the 4th largest urban area in Finland.
Vatikaani (Country) Finnish
Finnish form of Vatican City
Vilna (Settlement) Finnish, Italian, Slovene, Spanish
Form of Vilnius.
Vogeesit (Mountain) Finnish
Finnish form of Vosges.
Wales (Country) English, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Malay, Norwegian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Filipino, Tagalog
From Old English Wealas, the plural of wealh meaning "foreigner, Celt". This is the name of a country (part of the United Kingdom) in the western part of the island of Great Britain... [more]
Yaoundé (Settlement) English, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Welsh, Yoruba
From the outpost of Jaundo, founded between 1887 and 1889 by German explorers Lt. Richard Kund and Hans Tappenbeck and named so after the local Ewondo people, also known as Yaunde. The name could also have been a German rendition of the Ewondo expression mia wondo ("peanut farmers")... [more]