Finnish Submitted Place Names

Finnish names are used in the country of Finland in northern Europe.
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Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
ACEH (Region) Indonesian, Buginese, Malay, Minangkabau, Danish, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Icelandic, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
Meaning uncertain. A popular backronym states that it is derived from Indonesian Arab, Cina, Eropa, Hindia meaning "Arab, China, Europe, Indies" referring to the groups and regions that have historically influenced the people of Aceh... [more]
AFRIKKA (Region) Finnish
Finnish form of AFRICA.
ALPIT (Mountain) Finnish
Finnish form of Alps.
AMERIKKA (Country & Region) Finnish
Finnish form of AMERICA.
ANDORRA (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Catalan, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Greek, Hungarian, Icelandic, Italian, Luxembourgish, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian
The name of the country of Andorra, whose name is possibly derived from a Basque word andurrial (“shrub-covered land”), but it may come from Arabic الدرا (“the forest”) or Spanish andar (“to walk”).
ARABIA (Political Subdivision & Region) Ancient Greek, Ancient Roman, Basque, English, Finnish, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Spanish
Of Semitic origin, but the precise meaning is uncertain, as the root word has many possible meanings in the Semitic languages.... [more]
ARUBA (Political Subdivision & Island) Afrikaans, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Italian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian
An island in the Caribbean Sea that is part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
AŠGABAT (Settlement) Croatian, Finnish
Croatian and Finnish form of ASHGABAT.
ATEENA (Settlement) Estonian, Finnish
Estonian and Finnish form of ATHENS.
AZORIT (Political Subdivision & Region) Finnish
Finnish form of AZORES.
BAHRAIN (Country) Arabic, Catalan, Danish, English, Finnish, German, Indonesian, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian, Swedish, Tagalog
Means "two seas" in Arabic, derived from بَحْر (baḥr) meaning "sea" and ـَيْنِ (ayni), a pluralising suffix. In Arabic it is typically written with the definite article as البحرين (al-Bahrain)... [more]
BAKU (Settlement) English, Russian, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Danish, Finnish, German, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Serbian, Swedish, Ukrainian
From Persian باکو (bâku) which is of uncertain meaning. One popular etymology suggests that it means "wind-pounded city" from Persian باد (bâd) meaning "wind" and کوبیدن (kubidan) meaning "to pound, to beat" (given in reference to the area's storms and high winds)... [more]
BALI (Political Subdivision & Island) Indonesian, Balinese, Acehnese, Javanese, Malay, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Chinese, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Italian, Marathi, Norwegian, Persian, Portuguese, Russian, Serbian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu
From Sanskrit बलि (bali) meaning "offering, tribute". This is the name of an island and province in Indonesia.
BANDAR SERI BEGAWAN (Settlement) Malay, English, Indonesian, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish
From Malay bandar meaning "town", seri meaning "radiance, splendour, glory", and begawan meaning "holy". The name comes from Malay Seri Begawan, a title used by Bruneian Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien III (1914-1986), ultimately derived from Sanskrit श्री भगवान् (śrī bhagvān) meaning "radiance of the gods"... [more]
BANDUNG (Settlement) Indonesian, Acehnese, Balinese, Banjar, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Armenian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Korean, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
From Indonesian bendung or bendungan meaning "dam, dike", used to refer to the area in relation to the nearby Citarum River. Local sources relate the name to the phrase Nga-Bandung-an Banda Indung, which is considered sacred in Sundanese culture... [more]
BANGKOK (Settlement) Thai, Afrikaans, Armenian, Bashkir, Bosnian, Chechen, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hebrew, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Ingush, Italian, Karakalpak, Kazakh, Korean, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Lao, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Ossetian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Tatar, Turkish, Uzbek
From Thai บางกอก (baang-gòk), believed to be derived from บาง (baang) meaning "community, village, settlement" and กอก (gòk) meaning "olive", possibly used in reference to the olive trees that grew around the area... [more]
BANGLADESH (Country) Bengali, Armenian, Basque, Breton, Bulgarian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Hebrew, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Swahili, Swedish
From Bengali বাংলাদেশ (Bangladeś) meaning "land of the Bengalis", a combination of the name of the Bengali people and Sanskrit देश (deśá) meaning "country, kingdom, land, state"... [more]
BHUTAN (Country) English, Bengali, Burmese, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, German, Gujarati, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Kannada, Malay, Marathi, Nepali, Norwegian, Polish, Punjabi, Romanian, Swedish, Tagalog, Telugu, Turkish, Urdu
Probably from བོད (bod), the Tibetan name for the region of Tibet, derived via Sanskrit भोट-अन्त (bhoṭa-anta) meaning "end of Tibet" (referring to the country's geographical location in southern extremity of the Tibetan plateau)... [more]
BONAIRE (Political Subdivision & Island) Afrikaans, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Latvian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
An island in the Caribbean Sea that is a special municipality of the Netherlands.
BRASILIA (Country) Finnish
Finnish form of BRAZIL.
BRUNEI (Country) Malay, Albanian, Basque, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Luxembourgish, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
Probably derived from Borneo, the name of an island, which in turn is most likely from Sanskrit वरुण (váruṇa) meaning "ocean, water". A local legend suggests that the name may be derived from the phrase baru nah meaning "there!" or "that's it!", which was supposedly declared by Muhammad Shah, Brunei's first sultan... [more]
BUKITTINGGI (Settlement) Indonesian, Minangkabau, Javanese, Malay, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Polish, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Means "tall hill" from Indonesian bukit "hill" and tinggi "high, tall". This is the name of a city in West Sumatra, Indonesia.
BURUNDI (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Breton, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Faroese, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian
The name of the Country in East Africa. Burundi, officially the Republic of Burundi, is a landlocked country in the African Great Lakes region of East Africa, bordered by Rwanda to the north, Tanzania to the east and south, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west.
CASABLANCA (Settlement) Afrikaans, Bosnian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
Means "white house" in Spanish, from casa meaning "house" and blanca meaning "white". The name originates from a Spanish translation of الدَّار الْبَيْضَاء (ad-Dār al-Bayḍāʾ), the Arabic name for the city, which in turn was derived from a calque of the Portuguese name Casa Branca... [more]
CHILE (Country) Czech, Danish, English, Finnish, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Luxembourgish, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish
From the name of the country in South America.... [more]
COSTA RICA (Country) Spanish, Afrikaans, Basque, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Swedish
The name of the Country in Central America. Costa Rica is a rugged, rainforested Central American country with coastlines on the Caribbean and Pacific. Though its capital, San Jose, is home to cultural institutions like the Pre-Columbian Gold Museum, Costa Rica is known for its beaches, volcanoes, and biodiversity... [more]
COTABATO (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
From Maguindanao Kutawatu meaning "stone city", from kuta meaning "city, fort" and wato meaning "stone, rock". This is the name of both a province and a city in the southern Philippines.
CURAÇAO (Political Subdivision & Island) Afrikaans, Basque, Bosnian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Swedish, Turkish
An island in the Caribbean Sea that is part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
DAGESTAN (Political Subdivision) Russian, Afrikaans, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Buryat, Chuvash, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hebrew, Icelandic, Indonesian, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Udmurt
From Russian Дагестан (Dagestan), which is from Turkish dağ meaning "mountain" combined with the Persian suffix -ستان (-stan) meaning "land of". This is the name of a republic in southern Russia.
DOMINICA (Country & Island) Afrikaans, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish
Derived from Latin dominica meaning "lordly" or "Sunday", named by explorer Christopher Columbus for his sighting of the island on a Sunday. This is the name of an island country in the Caribbean.
ESPOO (Settlement) Finnish
Derived from ESBO, a combination of Swedish asp "aspen" (or possibly äspe "aspen forest") and å "river, stream". Espoo is the second largest city (and urban area) in FINLAND.
EUROOPPA (Region) Finnish
Finnish form of Europa (see EUROPE).
GABON (Country) Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Turkish
Derived from Portuguese gabão meaning "cloak, overcoat", used to refer to the shape of the estuary of the Komo River by Libreville. This is the name of a country in Central Africa along the Atlantic coast.
GALLIA (Region & Country) Ancient Roman, Estonian, Finnish, Greek, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian
Ancient Roman name for the historical region of Gaul, which some modern countries have adopted as their name for that region.... [more]
GRAN CANARIA (Island) Spanish, English, Esperanto, Dutch, Welsh, Breton, Asturian, Aragonese, German, Estonian, Faroese, Galician, Croatian, Italian, Hungarian, Norwegian, Serbo-Croatian, Finnish, Swedish, Turkish, Icelandic, Czech, Polish, Romanian, Scots, Slovene
From Spanish gran "grande, great" and Canaria referring to the CANARY ISLANDS. Gran Canaria is the third largest and second most populous island of the Canary Islands.
GRENADA (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, Georgian, German, Greek, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
Probably from Granada, the name of a city in Andalusia, Spain, which is derived from Arabic غَرْنَاطَة‎ (ḡarnāṭa) possibly meaning "hill of strangers". This is the name of an island country in the Caribbean.
GUAM (Political Subdivision & Island) Afrikaans, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
The name of the Territory. Guam is a U.S. island territory in Micronesia, in the Western Pacific. It's distinguished by tropical beaches, Chamorro villages and ancient latte-stone pillars. Guam’s WWII significance is on view at the War in the Pacific National Historical Park, whose sites include Asan Beach, a former battlefield... [more]
HELSINKI (Settlement) Finnish
The first settlers of the modern Helsinki area came from HÄLSINGLAND, Sweden. A parish called Helsinge parish was founded in the 14th century and was later developed into a town called Helsinge fors "the Helsinge rapids"... [more]
INGUŠIA (Political Subdivision) Finnish
Finnish form of INGUSHETIA.
ISTANBUL (Settlement) Arabic, Avar, Bashkir, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Buryat, Croatian, Czech, Danish, English, Faroese, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Tatar, Tuvan, Urdu, Uzbek, Yakut
From Turkish İstanbul, which comes from a misinterpretation of the Medieval Greek phrase εἰς τὴν Πόλιν (eis tḗn pólin) meaning "to the City", a colloquial name for the city of Constantinople (reflecting its status as the only major city in the vicinity)... [more]
ITÄMERI (Body of Water) Finnish
Means "east sea" in Finnish. This is the Finnish form of the BALTIC SEA, even though the sea is located to the west of FINLAND... [more]
JAKARTA (Settlement) Indonesian, Acehnese, Balinese, Javanese, Malay, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Arabic, Armenian, Bengali, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Marathi, Mongolian, Persian, Romanian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkmen, Urdu, Uzbek
From Sanskrit जयकर्त (jayakarta) meaning "that which causes victory", from जय (jayá) "victory, triumph" and कृत (kṛtá) "done, made, accomplished". This is the name of the capital city of Indonesia.
JOHOR (Political Subdivision) Malay, English, Indonesian, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish
From Arabic جَوْهَر (jawhar) meaning "jewel, precious stone", ultimately from Persian جوهر (jowhar). This is the name of a state in southern Malaysia.
JOHOR BAHRU (Settlement) Malay, English, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish, Turkish
Means "new gem" from Arabic جَوْهَر‎ (jawhar) meaning "jewel, precious stone, gem" and Malay bahru meaning "new". This is the name of a city in Malaysia.
JUKKASJÄRVI (Settlement) Swedish, Finnish
Originally from Northern Sami Čohkkirasjávri meaning "lake of assembly". It was later changed to the much more Finnish-sounding name Jukkasjärvi. This probably changed the meaning of the name as the first element jukkas is of uncertain origin (but it coincides with the Finnish given name JUKKA)... [more]
JUUDEA (Region) Finnish
Finnish form of Iudaea (see Judea).
KALEDONIA (Region) Finnish, Polish
Finnish and Polish form of Caledonia.
KALIFORNIA (Political Subdivision) Albanian, Basque, Finnish, Greek, Hungarian, Polish, Slovak
Form of CALIFORNIA.
KALIMANTAN (Island & Region) Indonesian, Acehnese, Balinese, Banjar, Buginese, Javanese, Malay, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Arabic, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Italian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian
Means "burning weather (island)" from Sanskrit काल (kālá) meaning "time, season" and क्वथन (kvathana) meaning "boiling, churning". This is the name of the Indonesian portion of the island of Borneo, though it is used to refer to the entire island in Indonesian.
KALMUKIA (Political Subdivision) Asturian, Finnish, Spanish
Asturian, Finnish, and Spanish form of KALMYKIA.
KARIBIA (Region) Finnish, Indonesian, Norwegian
Finnish, Indonesian, and Norwegian form of CARIBBEAN.
KARJALA (Political Subdivision) Finnish
Finnish form of KARELIA.
KARPAATIT (Mountain) Finnish
Finnish form of CARPATHIANS.
KAUKASIA (Region) Finnish, Norwegian
Finnish and Norwegian form of Caucasia, which is an alternative name for the CAUCASUS geographical region.
KAZBEK (Mountain) Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bashkir, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tajik, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From Russian Казбек (Kazbek) which is from Arabic قَاضِي (qāḍī) meaning "judge, arbiter" combined with the Turkish military title beg meaning "chieftain, master"... [more]
KELANTAN (Political Subdivision) Malay, English, Bulgarian, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian
Meaning uncertain, possibly from Malay gelam hutam referring to the cajeput tree, kilatan meaning "lightning, flash", or kolam tanah meaning "dirt pool". Alternatively, it may be from கோலம் (kōlam) the Tamil name for rangoli, an art form from the Indian subcontinent... [more]
KIRGISIA (Country) Finnish
Finnish form of KYRGYZSTAN via its Russian name KIRGIZIYA.
KONSTANTINOPOLI (Settlement) Finnish, Georgian
Finnish and Georgian form of Constantinople.
KOSOVO (Country) Afrikaans, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Indonesian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Ukrainian
From Albanian Kosova or Kosovë, which is derived from Serbian кос (kos) meaning "blackbird", an ellipsis of Косово Поље (Kosovo Polje) meaning "blackbird field"... [more]
KUALA LUMPUR (Settlement) Malay, Indonesian, Acehnese, Banjar, Javanese, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Afrikaans, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Macedonian, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Turkmen, Uzbek, Yakut
Means "muddy confluence" from Malay kuala meaning "confluence" and lumpur "mud". This is the name of the capital and largest city of Malaysia.
LAOS (Country) Afrikaans, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian
Coined by the French when they united the three Lao kingdoms into French Indochina, a former group of colonial territories in Southeast Asia. The name comes from Lao ລາວ (lāo), the ethnic name of Lao people, who were the dominant ethnic group in the region... [more]
LAUSITZ (Region) German, Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, Icelandic, Norwegian, Swedish
German form of Lusatia, which some countries have adopted as their name for the Central European region.
LOVIISA (Settlement) Finnish
Loviisa is a town in the south of Finland named after Swedish queen LOVISA ULRIKA.
LUXEMBURG (Country) Afrikaans, Dutch, Finnish, German, Hungarian, Romanian, Swedish
Afrikaans, Dutch, Finnish, German, Hungarian, Romanian and Swedish form of LUXEMBOURG.
LUZON (Island) Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Afrikaans, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish
Of uncertain meaning, probably from Tagalog lusong meaning "mortar (for pounding rice)". This is the name of the largest island in the Philippines.
MADRID (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Spanish, Abkhaz, Afrikaans, Arabic, Armenian, Asturian, Avar, Azerbaijani, Bashkir, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Chechen, Chuvash, Circassian, Crimean Tatar, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Galician, German, Hebrew, Hungarian, Indonesian, Ingush, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Ossetian, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tajik, Tagalog, Tatar, Turkish, Turkmen, Uzbek, Yakut
From the older name Magerit which is of uncertain meaning and origin. It may be derived from Arabic اَلْمَجْرِيط‎ (al-majrīṭ) meaning "source of water", from Latin matrix meaning "mother, source, origin (of rivers)", or from Celtic mageto ritu meaning "great bridge"... [more]
MAGUINDANAO (Political Subdivision) Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, English, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Swedish, Turkish
From Spanish Maguindanao, a corruption of Magindanaw, the endonym of the Maguindanao people. The ethnic name means "people of the flood plains" or "people of the lake" from the word danao meaning "lake"... [more]
MALI (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Chinese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Latvian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Tatar, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From the name of the Mali Empire, which was derived from Mandinka or Bambara mali meaning "hippopotamus" or "the place where the king lives". This is the name of a landlocked country in West Africa.
MALTA (Country & Island) Afrikaans, Albanian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, Georgian, German, Greek, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kurdish, Latvian, Lithuanian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Origin uncertain, possibly derived from Greek μέλι (meli) meaning "honey". This is the name of an island nation in southern Europe.
MANILA (Settlement) Cebuano, Ilocano, Maranao, Arabic, Armenian, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Chinese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, English, Finnish, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Serbian, Spanish, Thai, Ukrainian
From Tagalog Maynila which comes from the term may-nilà meaning "where indigo is found", ultimately from Sanskrit नील (nī́la) referring to the indigo plant. This is the name of the capital city of the Philippines.
MOLDOVA (Country) Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Danish, English, Estonian, Finnish, Georgian, Hungarian, Indonesian, Latvian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Romanian, Turkish, Ukrainian
From the name of the Moldova River in eastern Romania, which is of uncertain origin and meaning. It may be from Slavic mold- meaning "spruce, fir" or *moldu meaning "tender, soft, young", from Old German molde meaning "open-pit mine", or Gothic Mulda meaning "dust, dirt"... [more]
MOLUKIT (Region) Finnish
Finnish form of Moluccas, which is a common alternative name for the Maluku Islands.
NIILI (River) Finnish
Finnish form of NILE.
OMAN (Country) Afrikaans, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Indonesian, Italian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovene, Swedish, Ukrainian
From Arabic عمان‎ (ʿUmān), which is of disputed etymology. It may be from Arabic عُمَانَة (ʿumāna), a byname for the historical city of Sohar (presently located in Al Batinah North Governorate, Oman), which is probably derived from the root ع م ن‎ (ʿ-m-n) meaning "to settle, to remain, to dwell"... [more]
OSSETIA (Region) English, Finnish, Indonesian, Malay, Norwegian
From Russian Осетия (Osetiya), from Georgian ოსეთი (oseti) derived from ოსი (osi) meaning "Ossetian". The name comes from As, the self-designation of the historic Alan people... [more]
OULU (Settlement) Finnish
From the name of the Oulu River (Finnish: Oulujoki). Oulu is probably taken directly from the Finnish dialectal word oulu meaning "flood water". Oulu is a city in Northern Finland.
PADANG (Settlement) Minangkabau, Acehnese, Balinese, Indonesian, Javanese, Malay, Sundanese, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Uzbek
Means "field, plain" in Indonesian. This is the name of a city in West Sumatra province, Indonesia.
PANAMA (Country) Afrikaans, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Irish, Italian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian
Meaning uncertain. It may be derived from the name of the Panama tree (a common species in the area), from an indigenous word meaning "many butterflies", from Kuna bannaba meaning "distant, far away", or from a Guaraní word meaning "place of many fish"... [more]
PANGASINAN (Political Subdivision) Pangasinan, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Swedish, Turkish
From the name of the Pangasinan people, which means "place of salt" or "land of salt", derived from Pangasinan pang- meaning "for", asin meaning "salt", and the place marker suffix -an... [more]
PJONGJANG (Settlement) Afrikaans, Bosnian, Croatian, Dutch, Finnish, Icelandic, Macedonian, Polish, Serbian, Slovene
Form of Pyongyang. In Belgium and the Netherlands, this spelling is technically considered dated but still used regularly there (especially in Belgium). The preferred spelling is now the same as the English one, namely Pyongyang.
PUERTO RICO (Political Subdivision) Spanish, Afrikaans, Basque, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hungarian, Luxembourgish, Norwegian, Romanian, Swedish
Means "rich port" in Spanish. Puerto Rico is a Caribbean island and unincorporated U.S. territory with a landscape of mountains, waterfalls and the El Yunque tropical rainforest. In San Juan, the capital and largest city, the Isla Verde area is known for its hotel strip, beach bars and casinos... [more]
PUNCAK JAYA (Mountain) Indonesian, Balinese, Javanese, Malay, Sundanese, Bosnian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Norwegian, Romanian, Slovak, Swedish, Turkish
Means "summit of victory" from Indonesian puncak meaning "top, summit, peak" and jaya meaning "victory". This is the name of the highest mountain in Indonesia located on the island of New Guinea, sometimes referred to as the Carstensz Pyramid.
PUNJAB (Political Subdivision & Region) English, Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, German, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Swedish, Tagalog
From Punjabi پنجاب (Paṉjāb) or ਪੰਜਾਬ (Pañjāb) which is from Persian پنجاب (panjâb) meaning "five rivers" or "five waters", derived from پنج (panj) meaning "five" and آب (âb) meaning "water, river"... [more]
PYRENEET (Mountain) Finnish
Finnish form of Pyrenees.
REIN (River) Estonian, Finnish
Estonian and Finnish form of Rhine.
RHODESIA (Country) English, Danish, Finnish, Italian, Norwegian, Romanian, Swedish
Zimbabwe was known as Rhodesia (named after British diplomat Cecil Rhodes) prior to 1980.
RUOTSI (Country) Finnish
Derived from ROSLAGEN, a region in UPPLAND, Sweden, whose name ultimately was derived from Old Swedish *roþs- "rowing"... [more]
SAHARA (Country & Region) Afrikaans, Armenian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Faroese, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kannada, Korean, Kurdish, Macedonian, Malay, Malayalam, Marathi, Nepali, Norwegian, Polish, Punjabi, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish, Tagalog, Telugu, Thai, Turkmen, Yiddish
Derived from Arabic صَحَارَى‎ (ṣaḥārā) meaning "deserts", the plural of صَحْرَاء (ṣaḥrāʾ) meaning "desert". This is the name of a desert in Northern Africa as well as a disputed territory and semi-independent state (Western Sahara).
SARAJEVO (Settlement) Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Norwegian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish
Capital city of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The name is believed to be derived from the term saray ovası meaning "the plains around the palace". The first element is derived from the Turkish word saray meaning "palace"... [more]
SARDINIA (Region & Island) Basque, English, Finnish, Georgian, Greek, Indonesian, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian
An island which is also one of the 20 regions of Italy.
SAVO (Political Subdivision) Finnish, Dutch, Estonian, German, Italian, Russian
Finnish form of Savonia, which some countries have adopted as their name for the Finnish historical province.
SIINAI (Region & Mountain) Estonian, Finnish
Estonian and Finnish form of SINAI.
SINGAPORE (Country) English, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, Italian, Norwegian, Romanian, Swedish, Tagalog
From Malay Singapura, which is derived from Sanskrit सिंह (siṃhá) meaning "lion" and पुर (pura) "city". This is the name of an island city-state in Southeast Asia.
SIPERIA (Region) Finnish
Finnish form of SIBERIA.
SISILIA (Political Subdivision & Island) Finnish
Finnish form of SICILY.
SRI LANKA (Country & Island) Afrikaans, Albanian, Basque, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
From Sinhalese ශ්‍රී ලංකාව (ś‍rī laṁkāva), itself from Sanskrit श्री (śrī) meaning "holy, sacred" and लङ्का (laṅkā) meaning "island"... [more]
STEIERMARK (Political Subdivision & Region) German, Danish, Finnish, Icelandic, Luxembourgish, Norwegian, Swedish
German form of Styria, which some countries have adopted as their name for both the Austrian state and the Austro-Slovenian region.
SUDEETIT (Mountain) Finnish
Finnish form of SUDETES.
SULAWESI (Island) Indonesian, Balinese, Banjar, Buginese, Javanese, Malay, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Afrikaans, Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, German, Italian, Norwegian, Romanian, Slovak, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, Turkish
Probably means "iron island" in an uncertain South Sulawesi language, from sula (cognate with Indonesian pulau) meaning "island" and mesi (Indonesian besi) meaning "iron"... [more]
TAMPERE (Settlement) Finnish
From Tammerkoski, the name of the rapids that flow through the city. The first element tammer is of uncertain etymology. The second element is koski "rapids"... [more]
TANSANIA (Country) Finnish, German, Luxembourgish
Finnish, German and Luxembourgish form of TANZANIA.
TATARSTAN (Political Subdivision) Tatar, Russian, Bashkir, Basque, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Danish, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Icelandic, Italian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Serbian, Slovene, Swedish, Ukrainian
From the ethnic name татар (tatar) combined with the Persian suffix -ستان (-stan) meaning "land of". The ethnic name is of uncertain origin, though it is believed to be derived from tata, an endonym for the Mongols... [more]
TERENGGANU (Political Subdivision) Malay, English, Indonesian, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Possibly from Malay terang ganu meaning "bright rainbow" or taring anu meaning "fang of something", supposedly said by a hunter when he found the tooth of an unknown animal. This is the name of a state of Malaysia.
TIIBET (Region) Estonian, Finnish
Estonian and Finnish form of TIBET.
TOGO (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Korean, Latvian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Means "land where lagoons lie" from Ewe to meaning "water" and go meaning "shore". Togo, officially the Togolese Republic, is a country in West Africa bordered by Ghana to the west, Benin to the east and Burkina Faso to the north.
TONAVA (River) Finnish
Finnish form of DANUBE.
TRANSDANUBIA (Region) English, Finnish, Norwegian, Romanian, Spanish
Means "beyond the river DANUBE", derived from Latin trans meaning "across, beyond" combined with the Latin noun Danubius meaning "the river Danube".... [more]
TRANSKAUKASIA (Region) Basque, Finnish, Norwegian
Basque, Finnish and Norwegian form of TRANSCAUCASIA.
TRANSNISTRIA (Political Subdivision & Region) Basque, English, Estonian, Finnish, Italian, Norwegian, Romanian, Spanish
Means "beyond the river DNIESTER", derived from Latin trans meaning "across, beyond" combined with the Romanian noun Nistru meaning "the river Dniester".... [more]
TROIJA (Settlement) Finnish
Finnish form of TROY.
TŠAD (Country) Finnish
Finnish form of CHAD.
TUNIS (Country & Settlement) Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hebrew, Hindi, Indonesian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Russian, Serbian, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uyghur, Uzbek
Meaning uncertain, possibly from the Tamazight root ens meaning "to lie down, to pass the night" or from the name of the Phoenician goddess TANITH... [more]
TUNISIA (Country) Basque, English, Finnish, Galician, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian
The name of a country in North Africa, named after its capital city TUNIS.
TURKMENISTAN (Country) Afrikaans, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, German, Italian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Serbian, Slovene, Swedish, Ukrainian
Means "land of the Turkmens"; a combination of Turkmen Türkmen, which is derived from Turkish Türk "Turk" and Sogdian -myn, -men "resembling, like" (in all meaning "resembling a Turk, like a Turk, co-Turk") and the Persian suffix ـستان (-stān) "land, place of", "country"... [more]
TURKU (Settlement) Finnish
From Old East Slavic търгъ (tǔrgǔ) meaning "market place". Turku is the 3rd largest urban area in FINLAND.
ULAN BATOR (Settlement) Armenian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Danish, English, Finnish, Hebrew, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Serbian, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog
Form of ULAANBAATAR used in various languages as well as an English variant of the name.
VIENTIANE (Settlement) French, Afrikaans, Bosnian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Portuguese (Brazilian), Romanian, Slovak, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
From French Vientiane, which is from Lao ວຽງຈັນ (wīang chan) (see WIANGCHAN). This is the name of the capital city of Laos.
VOGEESIT (Mountain) Finnish
Finnish form of Vosges.
XINJIANG (Political Subdivision & Region) Chinese, Afrikaans, Catalan, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kurdish, Malay, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Swedish, Tagalog
Means "new frontier" from Chinese 新 (xīn) meaning "new" and 疆 (jiāng) meaning "boundary, border, frontier". This is the name of an autonomous region in western China as well as a historical region in Central Asia.
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