Portuguese Submitted Place Names

Portuguese names are used in Portugal, Brazil and other Portuguese-speaking areas. See also about Portuguese names.
type
usage
Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
ABRUZZO (Political Subdivision) Italian, English, Maltese, Portuguese
From Late Latin Aprutium, itself probably from Praetūtium, which defined the territory in which the tribe of the Praetutii lived. This is the name of a region in southern Italy.
ABUJA (Settlement) Western African, Hausa, Igbo, Yoruba, Afrikaans, Arabic, Armenian, Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Urdu
From Abu-Ja, a nickname of 19th-century monarch Abubakar Jatau (sometimes referred to as "Abu"), who founded what is now the city of Abuja in 1828. By some accounts, he was described as having fair skin, which possibly earned him the nickname Ja meaning "red" in Hausa... [more]
ACÁDIA (Country, Region & Settlement) Portuguese
Portuguese form of both Acadia and AKKAD (mostly the ancient city, but sometimes also the Akkadian Empire).
ACARNÂNIA (Region) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Acarnania.
ACHÉM (Political Subdivision) Portuguese
Portuguese form of ACEH.
AÇORES (Political Subdivision & Region) Portuguese, Catalan, French
Portuguese form of AZORES, which has been adopted into Catalan and French.
ÁFRICA DO SUL (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of South Africa
ALBÂNIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of ALBANIA
ALMATY (Settlement) Kazakh, Albanian, Belarusian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkmen, Ukrainian
Meaning uncertain, possibly from Kazakh алма (alma) meaning "apple". This is the name of the largest city in Kazakhstan.
ALPES (Mountain) French, Spanish, Portuguese
French, Spanish and Portuguese form of Alps.
ALSÁCIA (Region) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Alsace (a region of France).
ALTURA (Settlement) Portuguese
AMBRÁCIA (Settlement) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Ambracia.
ANATÓLIA (Region) Hungarian, Portuguese, Slovak
Hungarian, Portuguese and Slovak form of ANATOLIA.
ANCARA (Settlement) Galician, Portuguese
Galician and Portuguese form of ANKARA.
ANDORRA (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Catalan, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Greek, Hungarian, Icelandic, Italian, Luxembourgish, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian
The name of the country of Andorra, whose name is possibly derived from a Basque word andurrial (“shrub-covered land”), but it may come from Arabic الدرا (“the forest”) or Spanish andar (“to walk”).
ARÁBIA (Political Subdivision & Region) Hungarian, Portuguese, Slovak
Hungarian, Portuguese and Slovak form of ARABIA.
ARÁBIA SAUDITA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of SAUDI ARABIA.
ARACÓSIA (Region) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Arachosia.
ARCÁDIA (Political Subdivision & Region) Portuguese
Portuguese form of ARCADIA.
ÁRIA (Region) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Aria.
ARPITÂNIA (Region) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Arpitania.
ARUBA (Political Subdivision & Island) Afrikaans, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Italian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian
An island in the Caribbean Sea that is part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
ASTANA (Settlement) Kazakh, Afrikaans, Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Greek, Indian, Hindi, Indonesian, Kyrgyz, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Filipino, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Means "capital city" in Kazakh, ultimately from Persian آستانه (astaneh). This was the name of the capital city of Kazakhstan until 2019, when it was renamed Nur-Sultan.
ÁUSTRIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of ALBANIA
AZERBAIJÃO (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of AZERBAIJAN
BAGUIO (Settlement) Filipino, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Hispanicized form of Ibaloi bagiw meaning "moss". This is the name of a city in the Philippines.
BAKU (Settlement) Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Chinese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, English, Finnish, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Kyrgyz, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Nepali, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uyghur
From Azerbaijani Bakı from Persian باکو (baku), which is of uncertain meaning. One popular etymology suggests that it means "wind-pounded city" from Persian باد (bad) meaning "wind" and کوبیدن (kubidan) meaning "to pound, to beat" (given in reference to the area's storms and high winds)... [more]
BANDAR SERI BEGAWAN (Settlement) Malay, Indonesian, Afrikaans, Albanian, Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Filipino, Tagalog
From Malay bandar meaning "town", seri meaning "radiance, splendour, glory", and begawan meaning "holy". The name comes from Seri Begawan, a Malay title used by Bruneian Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien III (1914-1986), which is ultimately derived from Sanskrit श्री भगवान् (shri bhagvan) meaning "radiance of the gods"... [more]
BANDUNG (Settlement) Indonesian, Sundanese, Acehnese, Balinese, Banjar, Malay, Minangkabau, Albanian, Armenian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Kazakh, Korean, Kyrgyz, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, Turkish, Urdu, Uzbek
From Indonesian bendung or bendungan meaning "dam, dike", used to refer to the area in relation to the nearby Citarum River. Local sources also relate the name to the phrase Nga-Bandung-an Banda Indung, which is considered sacred in Sundanese culture... [more]
BANDUNGUE (Settlement) Portuguese
Portuguese form of BANDUNG.
BANGLADESH (Country) Bengali, Armenian, Basque, Breton, Bulgarian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Hebrew, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Swahili, Swedish, Uzbek
From Bengali বাংলাদেশ (Bangladeś) meaning "land of the Bengalis", from the name of the Bengali people and Sanskrit देश (deśá) meaning "country, kingdom, land, state"... [more]
BANGSAMORO (Political Subdivision) Filipino, Maguindanao, Maranao, Cebuano, Ilocano, Tagalog, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, French, Georgian, German, Indonesian, Italian, Korean, Malay, Portuguese, Serbian, Spanish, Turkish
From Malay bangsa meaning "nation, country, race" combined with Moro, the collective term for the thirteen predominantly Muslim ethnic groups of the Philippines, which is ultimately of Spanish origin... [more]
BARÉM (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of BAHRAIN.
BARI (Settlement) Italian, English, Armenian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Greek, Hungarian, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Sicilian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
From Latin Barium, itself of uncertain origin, possibly from Messapic *baur or *bur, meaning "house", ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bhreu ("to grow, to be"). This is the name of the capital city of Apulia, in southern Italy.
BASILICATA (Political Subdivision) Italian, English, Dutch, Spanish, Portuguese
The origin of the name is uncertain: it may come from the Greek term βασιλικός (basilikos), a title given to the Byzantine governors of the region; it may be derived from the church of Acerenza, whose bishop had jurisdiction over the territory; or it may be connected to Basil II Porphyrogenitus, Byzantine emperor from 976 to 1025.... [more]
BELÉM (Settlement) Portuguese
Portuguese form of BETHLEHEM.
BELGRADO (Settlement) Afrikaans, Dutch, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese
Afrikaans, Dutch, Italian, Spanish and Portuguese form of BELGRADE.
BEÓCIA (Political Subdivision & Region) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Boeotia.
BOGOR (Settlement) Indonesian, Sundanese, Javanese, Malay, Minangkabau, Afrikaans, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Uzbek
Means "sugar palm" (a type of tree) in Indonesian. This is the name of a city in West Java province, Indonesia.
BONAIRE (Political Subdivision & Island) Afrikaans, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Latvian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
An island in the Caribbean Sea that is a special municipality of the Netherlands.
BOTSUANA (Country) German, Portuguese, Sicilian, Spanish
German, Portuguese, Sicilian and Spanish form of BOTSWANA
BRUGES (Settlement) French, English, Italian, Luxembourgish, Portuguese, Romanian
French form of Brugge, which some countries (mostly Romance ones) have adopted as their name for the Belgian city.
BRUNEI (Country) Malay, Albanian, Basque, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Luxembourgish, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Ukrainian
Probably derived from the name of the island of Borneo, which in turn is most likely from Sanskrit वरुण (váruṇa) meaning "ocean, water". A local legend suggests that the name may be derived from the phrase baru nah meaning "there!" or "that's it!", which was supposedly declared by Muhammad Shah, Brunei's first sultan... [more]
BULGÁRIA (Country) Hungarian, Portuguese, Sami
Hungarian, Portuguese, and Sami form of BULGARIA.
BURIÁCIA (Political Subdivision) Portuguese
Portuguese form of BURYATIA.
BURQUINA FASO (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of BURKINA FASO
BURUNDI (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Breton, Bulgarian, Burmese, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Faroese, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian
The name of the Country in East Africa. Burundi, officially the Republic of Burundi, is a landlocked country in the African Great Lakes region of East Africa, bordered by Rwanda to the north, Tanzania to the east and south, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west.
BUSAN (Settlement) Korean, Afrikaans, Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Serbian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
From Sino-Korean 釜山 (Busan) meaning "cauldron mountain" from 釜 (bu) meaning "cauldron, pot, kettle" and 山 (san) meaning "mountain". This is the name of a city in South Korea.
BUTÃO (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of BHUTAN
CABO VERDE (Country) Portuguese (African), Spanish, Võro
Portuguese, Spanish and Võro form of CAPE VERDE.
CABUL (Settlement) Portuguese
Portuguese form of KABUL.
CAGLIARI (Settlement) Italian, English, Danish, French, Galician, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish
From Latin Calaris, itself from Phoenician Krly, of uncertain meaning. This is the name of the capital city of Sardinia, an island in the Mediterranean Sea and a region of ITALY.
CALEDÓNIA (Region) Portuguese (European)
European Portuguese form of Caledonia.
CALEDÔNIA (Region) Portuguese (Brazilian)
Brazilian Portuguese form of Caledonia.
CALIFÓRNIA (Political Subdivision) Portuguese
Portuguese form of CALIFORNIA.
CAMARÕES (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of CAMEROON
CAMBOJA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of CAMBODIA
CANAÃ (Region) Portuguese
Portuguese form of CANAAN.
CAÔNIA (Region) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Chaonia.
CARANTÂNIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of CARANTANIA.
CARIBE (Region) Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of CARIBBEAN.
CÁRPATOS (Mountain) Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of CARPATHIANS.
CARTAGO (Settlement) Catalan, Spanish, Portuguese
Catalan, Spanish and Portuguese form of Carthage.
CASABLANCA (Settlement) Afrikaans, Bosnian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
Means "white house" in Spanish, from casa meaning "house" and blanca meaning "white". The name originates from a Spanish translation of the Arabic name الدَّار الْبَيْضَاء (ad-Dār al-Bayḍāʾ), which in turn was derived from a calque of the Portuguese name Casa Branca... [more]
CATALUNHA (Political Subdivision & Region) Portuguese
Portuguese form of CATALONIA.
CATAR (Country) Portuguese, Spanish
Portuguese and Spanish form of QATAR.
CAUCÁSIA (Region) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Caucasia, which is an alternative name for the CAUCASUS geographical region.
CÁUCASO (Region & Mountain) Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of CAUCASUS.
CAZÃ (Settlement) Portuguese
Portuguese form of KAZAN.
CAZAQUISTÃO (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of KAZAKHSTAN.
CEBU (Political Subdivision, Settlement & Island) Filipino, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Afrikaans, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Swedish, Turkish
From Cebuano Sugbo, which is derived from Old Cebuano sibu or sibo meaning "trade", itself a shortened form of sinibuayng hingpit meaning "place for trading". This is the name of an island, province, and city (Cebu City) in the Philippines.
CHECHÉNIA (Political Subdivision) Portuguese (European)
European Portuguese form of CHECHNYA.
CHECHÊNIA (Political Subdivision) Portuguese (Brazilian)
Brazilian Portuguese form of CHECHNYA.
CHENGDU (Settlement) Chinese, Afrikaans, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Filipino, Tagalog
From Chinese 成 (chéng) meaning "completed, finished, succeeded" and 都 (dū) meaning "capital city, large city", supposedly named during the city's founding by the ninth king of the Kaiming dyntasty of the ancient state of Shu... [more]
CHILE (Country) Czech, Danish, English, Finnish, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Luxembourgish, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish
From the name of the country in South America.... [more]
CIDÓNIA (Settlement) Portuguese (European)
European Portuguese form of Cydonia.
CIDÔNIA (Settlement) Portuguese (Brazilian)
Brazilian Portuguese form of Cydonia.
CINGAPURA (Country, Island & Settlement) Portuguese (Brazilian)
Brazilian Portuguese form of SINGAPORE
CIRCÁSSIA (Country & Region) Portuguese
Portuguese form of CIRCASSIA.
CISCAUCÁSIA (Region) Portuguese
Portuguese form of CISCAUCASIA.
COLOMBO (Settlement) Afrikaans, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Luxembourgish, Malay, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
Probably from old Sinhalese kolamba meaning "ferry" or "port". It is popularly believed to be derived from Sinhalese කොලොන් තොට (kolon toṭa) meaning "port on the river Kelani" or කොල අඹ (kola am̆ba) meaning "leafy mango grove", altered with influence from the name of Italian explorer Christopher Columbus or Latin columba meaning "dove"... [more]
CONSTANTINOPLA (Settlement) Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of Constantinople.
CORÁSMIA (Political Subdivision & Region) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Khwarazm via its Greek and Latin name CHORASMIA.
COREIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of KOREA
COREIA DO NORTE (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of NORTH KOREA
COREIA DO SUL (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of SOUTH KOREA
CORÍNTIA (Political Subdivision & Region) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Corinthia.
CORINTO (Settlement) Italian, Spanish, Portuguese
Italian, Spanish and Portuguese form of Corinthus (see CORINTH).
COSTA DO MARFIM (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Ivory Coast
COSTA RICA (Country) Spanish, Afrikaans, Basque, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Swedish
The name of the Country in Central America. Costa Rica is a rugged, rainforested Central American country with coastlines on the Caribbean and Pacific. Though its capital, San Jose, is home to cultural institutions like the Pre-Columbian Gold Museum, Costa Rica is known for its beaches, volcanoes, and biodiversity... [more]
COTABATO (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Filipino, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
From Maguindanao Kutawatu meaning "stone city", from kuta meaning "city, fort" and wato meaning "stone, rock". This is the name of both a province and a city in the southern Philippines.
CRIMEIA (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) Portuguese
Portuguese form of CRIMEA.
CURAÇAO (Political Subdivision & Island) Afrikaans, Basque, Bosnian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Swedish, Turkish
An island in the Caribbean Sea that is part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
CURDISTÃO (Region) Portuguese
Portuguese form of KURDISTAN.
DACA (Settlement) Portuguese, Spanish
Portuguese and Spanish form of DHAKA.
DAGUESTÃO (Political Subdivision) Portuguese
Portuguese form of DAGESTAN.
DANÚBIO (River) Portuguese
Portuguese form of DANUBE.
DARDÂNIA (Region) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Dardania.
DNIESTRE (River) Portuguese
Portuguese form of DNIESTER.
DOMINICA (Country & Island) Afrikaans, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish
Derived from Latin dominica meaning "lordly" or "Sunday", named by explorer Christopher Columbus for his sighting of the island on a Sunday. This is the name of an island country in the Caribbean.
DORTMUND (Settlement) English, Basque, Belarusian, Breton, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, Frisian, German, Greek, Greenlandic, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Occitan, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Welsh
First mentioned in the 9th century AD as Throtmanni, of uncertain origin and meaning, the form Dortmunde first appeared in the 13th century. This is the name of a city in western Germany.
EMIRATOS ÁRABES UNIDOS (Country) Portuguese, Spanish
Portuguese and Spanish form of United Arab Emirates
EREVAN (Settlement) Armenian, Belarusian, Bulgarian, French, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Mongolian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovene, Tajik, Ukrainian
Alternate transcription of YEREVAN as well as the form used in various languages.
ERITREIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of ERITREA
ESLOVÁQUIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of SLOVAKIA
ESLOVÉNIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of SLOVENIA
ESLOVÊNIA (Country) Portuguese (Brazilian)
Brazilian Portuguese form of SLOVENIA
ESPANHA (Country) Portuguese, Occitan
Portuguese and Occitan form of Hispania (see SPAIN).
ESPARTA (Settlement) Spanish, Portuguese, Catalan, Asturian
Spanish, Portuguese, Catalan, and Asturian form of SPARTA.
ESTADOS UNIDOS (Country) Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of UNITED STATES.
ESTÓNIA (Country) Portuguese (European)
European Portuguese form of ESTONIA
ESTÔNIA (Country) Malagasy, Portuguese (Brazilian)
Malagasy and Brazilian Portuguese form of ESTONIA.
EUFRATES (River) Catalan, Spanish, Portuguese
Catalan, Spanish and Portuguese form of EUPHRATES.
EURÁSIA (Region) Portuguese
Portuguese form of EURASIA.
GABÃO (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of GABON
GALILEIA (Region) Portuguese
Portuguese form of GALILEE.
GÂMBIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of GAMBIA
GANGES (River) Afrikaans, Armenian, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Icelandic, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
From Ancient Greek Γάγγης (Gángēs) from Sanskrit गङ्गा (gáṅgā) meaning "swift-goer", ultimately from गच्छति (gacchati) meaning "to go". This is the name of a river in South Asia that flows through India and Bangladesh.
GEDRÓSIA (Region) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Gedrosia.
GUAM (Political Subdivision & Island) Afrikaans, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
The name of the Territory. Guam is a U.S. island territory in Micronesia, in the Western Pacific. It's distinguished by tropical beaches, Chamorro villages and ancient latte-stone pillars. Guam’s WWII significance is on view at the War in the Pacific National Historical Park, whose sites include Asan Beach, a former battlefield... [more]
GUINÉ-BISSAU (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of GUINEA BISSAU
GUINÉ EQUATORIAL (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Equatorial Guinea
HANÓI (Settlement) Portuguese, Spanish
Portuguese and Spanish form of HANOI.
HAT YAI (Settlement) Thai, Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
From a short form of Thai มะหาดใหญ่ (má-hàat yai) meaning "big monkey fruit" (a type of tree). This is the name of a city in southern Thailand.
HAVANA (Settlement) Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Czech, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Georgian, Hindi, Icelandic, Indonesian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu
From Spanish Habana, which is derived from Habaguanex, the name of a Taíno chief who controlled the area. This is the name of the capital city of Cuba.
HIRCÂNIA (Region) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Hyrcania.
IÉMEN (Country) Portuguese (European)
European Portuguese form of YEMEN
IÊMEN (Country) Portuguese (Brazilian)
Brazilian Portuguese form of YEMEN
INGUCHÉTIA (Political Subdivision) Portuguese
Portuguese form of INGUSHETIA.
IPOH (Settlement) Malay, Indonesian, Banjar, Bulgarian, Czech, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Italian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
From Malay ipuh meaning "upas (a type of poisonous tree)". This is the name of a city in Malaysia that serves as the capital of the state of Perak.
IRAQUE (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of IRAQ
ISLAMABAD (Settlement) Afrikaans, Armenian, Belarusian, Bengali, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Ukrainian, Uyghur
From Urdu اسلام آباد (Islām ābād) meaning "city of Islam" from the name of the religion of Islam and Urdu آباد (ābād) meaning "inhabited place, city". This is the name of the capital city of Pakistan.
ISLÂNDIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of ICELAND
ISTAMBUL (Settlement) Galician, Kabyle, Lak, Portuguese
Form of ISTANBUL.
JACARTA (Settlement) Portuguese
Portuguese form of JAKARTA.
JAMAICA (Country & Island) Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Hungarian, Malay, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish
From Taíno Xaymaca meaning "land of wood and water" or "land of springs". This is the name of an island country in the Caribbean.
JAVA (Political Subdivision & Island) Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Icelandic, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Mongolian, Nepali, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Serbian, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik
From Indonesian Jawa, which is of uncertain origin. It is most likely derived from Sanskrit यव-द्वीप (yava-dvīpa) meaning "island of barley", though it may have come from Javanese ꦗꦸꦮꦮꦸꦠ꧀ (juwawut) meaning "foxtail millet (a type of plant)" or Malay jauh meaning "far, distant"... [more]
JOHOR (Political Subdivision) Malay, Indonesian, Acehnese, Banjar, Javanese, Minangkabau, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
From Arabic جَوْهَر (jawhar) meaning "jewel, precious stone", ultimately from Persian جوهر (jowhar). This is the name of a state in southern Malaysia.
JOHOR BAHRU (Settlement) Malay, Indonesian, Banjar, Javanese, Minangkabau, Czech, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish, Tagalog, Turkish
Means "new gem" from Arabic جَوْهَر‎ (jawhar) meaning "jewel, precious stone, gem" and Malay bahru meaning "new". This is the name of a city in Malaysia.
JOLO (Settlement & Island) Filipino, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Azerbaijani, Croatian, Czech, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Swedish
Probably from Hokkien 好儂 (hó lâng) meaning "good people", named by Chinese traders to reflect how they perceived the native people of the region. This is the name of an island in the southern Philippines as well as the capital city of the province of Sulu.
JORDÂNIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of JORDAN (the country).
JORDÃO (River) Portuguese
Portuguese form of JORDAN (the river).
JUDEIA (Region) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Iudaea (see JUDEA).
KASHIWA (Settlement) Japanese, Arabic, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Malay, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Urdu
From Japanese 柏 (kashiwa) meaning "oak". This is the name of a city in Chiba Prefecture, Japan.
KAZBEK (Mountain) Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bashkir, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tajik, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From Russian Казбек (Kazbek) which is from Arabic قَاضِي (qāḍī) meaning "judge, arbiter" combined with the Turkish military title beg meaning "chieftain, master"... [more]
KELANTAN (Political Subdivision) Malay, Indonesian, Acehnese, Banjar, Javanese, Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian
Meaning uncertain, possibly from Malay gelam hutam meaning "cajeput" (a type of tree), kilatan meaning "lightning, flash" or kolam tanah meaning "dirt pool". Alternatively, it may be from Tamil கோலம் (kolam), which is another name for rangoli, an art form from the Indian subcontinent consisting of stylised designs made of powder... [more]
KOMI (Political Subdivision) Komi, Russian, Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kazakh, Korean, Kyrgyz, Latvian, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From the name of the Komi people, which is most likely derived from the Finno-Ugric word kojema meaning "man, human", but also possibly from the name of the Kama River... [more]
KOMODO (Settlement & Island) Indonesian, Banjar, Javanese, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Malay, Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Lithuanian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Ukrainian
Meaning uncertain, possibly from the name of a local ethnic group. This is the name of an island and village in eastern Indonesia.
KOTA BHARU (Settlement) Malay, Indonesian, Banjar, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Means "new city" in Malay, from kota meaning "city, town, fort" and baharu meaning "new". This is the name of a city in Malaysia that serves as the capital of Kelantan.
KRABI (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Thai, Arabic, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Tajik, Turkish, Urdu
Means "sword" in Thai. This is the name of a province and city in southern Thailand.
KUALA LUMPUR (Settlement) Malay, Indonesian, Acehnese, Banjar, Javanese, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Afrikaans, Armenian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Macedonian, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Turkmen, Uzbek
Means "muddy confluence" from Malay kuala meaning "confluence" and lumpur meaning "mud". This is the name of the capital and largest city of Malaysia.
KUCHING (Settlement) Malay, Indonesian, Banjar, Armenian, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Indian, Hindi, Hungarian, Italian, Korean, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Urdu, Uzbek
Probably either derived from Malay kucing meaning "cat" or from Cochin (or Kochi), the name of a city in India. Other theories suggest that the name comes from Malay mata kucing, the name of a type of fruit, or from Chinese 古 (gǔ) meaning "old, ancient" combined with 井 (jǐng) meaning "well, pit"... [more]
KUWAIT (Country) Arabic, Danish, English, Finnish, German, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
Of uncertain meaning, possibly from the alleged Arabic root ك و ت (k-w-t) or from a word meaning "fortress built near water". This is the name of a country in Western Asia, usually written with the definite article: الكويت (al-Kuwait) in Arabic.
LABRADOR (Political Subdivision) Portuguese, Spanish
Province in CANADA. Likely from Portuguese explorer João Fernandes Lavrador. Lavrador means "farmer" in Portuguese, as does the Spanish word 'labrador'.
LACÓNIA (Political Subdivision & Region) Portuguese (European)
European Portuguese form of LACONIA.
LACÔNIA (Political Subdivision & Region) Portuguese (Brazilian)
Brazilian Portuguese form of LACONIA.
LAGOS (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Western African, Hausa, Igbo, Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Turkmen, Uzbek
From Portuguese lagos meaning "lakes". This is the name of a city in Nigeria as well as a state of the same name.
LASSA (Settlement) Portuguese
Portuguese form of LHASA.
LETÓNIA (Country) Portuguese (European)
European Portuguese form of LATVIA via its New Latin name LETTONIA.
LETÔNIA (Country) Portuguese (Brazilian)
Brazilian Portuguese form of LATVIA via its New Latin name LETTONIA.
LÍBANO (Country) Galician, Spanish, Portuguese
Galician, Portuguese and Spanish form of LEBANON
LÍBIA (Country) Catalan, Hungarian, Portuguese
Catalan, Hungarian, and Portuguese form of LIBYA.
LIVÓNIA (Region) Portuguese (European)
European Portuguese form of LIVONIA.
LIVÔNIA (Region) Portuguese (Brazilian)
Brazilian Portuguese form of LIVONIA.
LIVORNO (Settlement) Italian, English, Bulgarian, Czech, Dutch, Esperanto, Finnish, German, Greek, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Ukrainian
From Old Italian Ligorno, itself from Latin Liburnus, derived from the tribe of the Liburnians (in Latin Liburni). This is the name of a port city in north-central Italy.
LONGYEARBYEN (Settlement) Norwegian, English, Afrikaans, Asturian, Basque, Breton, Catalan, Cebuano, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Esperanto, Estonian, Finnish, French, Galician, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Interlingua, Italian, Malay, Manx, Maori, North Frisian, Piedmontese, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Sami, Scots, Scottish Gaelic, Serbian, Silesian, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish, Turkish, Vietnamese, West Frisian
Means "The Longyear town" in Norwegian. Longyearbyen is the main settlement of the Norwegian archipelago SVALBARD in the Arctic Ocean. The town was named after American businessman John Munro LONGYEAR (1850-1922) whose company helped develop the settlement.
LUSITÂNIA (Political Subdivision & Region) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Lusitania.
LUXEMBURGO (Country) Galician, Portuguese, Spanish
Galician, Portuguese and Spanish form of LUXEMBOURG
LUZÓN (Island) Spanish, Portuguese, Asturian, Galician
Spanish, Portuguese, Asturian and Galician form of LUZON.
MACÁÇAR (Settlement) Portuguese
Portuguese form of MAKASSAR.
MADAGÁSCAR (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of MADAGASCAR
MADRID (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Spanish, Afrikaans, Arabic, Armenian, Asturian, Azerbaijani, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Galician, German, Hebrew, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Turkmen, Uzbek
From the older name Magerit, which is of uncertain meaning and origin. It may be derived from Arabic اَلْمَجْرِيط‎ (al-majrīṭ) meaning "source of water", from Latin matrix meaning "mother, source, origin (of rivers)", or from Celtic mageto ritu meaning "great bridge"... [more]
MAJAPAIT (Country & Settlement) Javanese, Portuguese
Javanese and Portuguese form of MAJAPAHIT.
MAKHATCHKALA (Settlement) French, Portuguese
French and Portuguese form of MAKHACHKALA.
MALÁSIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of MALAYSIA
MALDIVAS (Country & Island) Portuguese, Spanish
Portuguese and Spanish form of the MALDIVES
MALI (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Burmese, Catalan, Chinese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Lao, Latvian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Tatar, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From the name of the Mali Empire, which was derived from Mandinka or Bambara mali meaning "hippopotamus" or "the place where the king lives". This is the name of a landlocked country in West Africa.
MANAMA (Settlement) Arabic, Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bengali, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Greek, Hungarian, Icelandic, Italian, Japanese, Kazakh, Korean, Kyrgyz, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Tibetan, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek
Means "place of sleep, place of rest" in Arabic. This is the name of the capital city of Bahrain, usually written with the definite article: المنامة (al-Manama) in Arabic.
MANDALAI (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Arabic, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Mongolian, Portuguese, Russian
Form of MANDALAY used in various languages as well as an alternate transcription of the same name.
MANILA (Settlement) Filipino, Cebuano, Hiligaynon, Ilocano, Maranao, Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Burmese, Chinese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, English, Estonian, Finnish, Georgian, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Tajik, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek
From Tagalog Maynila derived from the term may-nilà meaning "where indigo is found", ultimately from Sanskrit नील (nī́la) referring to the indigo plant. This is the name of the capital city of the Philippines.
MAQUELÔNIA (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) Portuguese
Portuguese form of MACHELONIA.
MARAWI (Settlement) Filipino, Maranao, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Albanian, Arabic, Dutch, English, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Urdu
From Maraghui or Marahui, the name of a Maranao fort and settlement that was seiged in 1895, which is of uncertain meaning. This is the name of a city in the southern Philippines that serves as the capital of the Lanao del Sur province.
MAURITÂNIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of MAURITANIA.
MEDAN (Settlement) Indonesian, Batak, Banjar, Minangkabau, Malay, Afrikaans, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Indian, Hindi, Hungarian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Kyrgyz, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Possibly from Tamil மைதானம் (maidhāṉam) meaning "ground, field". This is the name of the capital city of the Indonesian province of North Sumatra.
MERAPI (Mountain) Indonesian, Javanese, Balinese, Banjar, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Malay, Albanian, Armenian, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Greek, Indian, Hindi, Hungarian, Italian, Kazakh, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian
From Sanskrit मेरु (Meru), the name of a legendary mountain in Buddhist and Hindu mythology, combined with Indonesian api meaning "fire". This is the name of a volcano on the island of Java in Indonesia.
MESSÉNIA (Political Subdivision & Region) Portuguese (European)
European Portuguese form of Messenia.
MESSÊNIA (Political Subdivision & Region) Portuguese (Brazilian)
Brazilian Portuguese form of Messenia.
MIDGARD (Other) English, Portuguese
Variant of MIÐGARÐR, meaning "middle yard" or "middle enclosure". This is the name for where the humans live, located between heaven and hell, in Norse mythology.
MINDANAU (Island) Portuguese
Portuguese form of MINDANAO.
MINSK (Settlement) Belarusian, Afrikaans, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Indian, Hindi, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tajik, Turkish, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek
From Old East Slavic Мѣньскъ (Měnĭskŭ), which was derived from a river named Men. This is the name of the capital city of Belarus.
MÓDENA (Settlement) Asturian, Galician, Icelandic, Portuguese, Spanish
Icelandic, Portuguese and Spanish form of MODENA.
MÓNACO (Country & Settlement) Galician, Portuguese (European), Spanish
Galician, European Portuguese and Spanish form of MONACO
MÔNACO (Country) Portuguese (Brazilian)
Brazilian Portuguese form of MONACO
MONTENEGRO (Country) Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Indonesian, Italian, Kurdish, Luxembourgish, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish
Means "black mountain" in Venetian, originally a calque of the Montenegrin name Црна Гора (Crna Gora) referring to Mount Lovćen... [more]
MOSCOU (Settlement) Catalan, French, Portuguese
Catalan, French and Portuguese form of MOSCOW
NAMÍBIA (Country) Catalan, Hungarian, Portuguese
Catalan, Hungarian, and Portuguese form of NAMIBIA.
NÁPOLES (Settlement) Portuguese, Spanish, Asturian, Galician
Portuguese, Spanish, Asturian, and Galician form of NAPLES.
NARATHIWAT (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Thai, Dutch, English, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
From Thai นร (nara) meaning "man" and อธิวาส (athiwat) meaning "residence, house". This is the name of a province and city in southern Thailand.
NAYPYIDAW (Settlement) Afrikaans, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Swedish, Filipino, Tagalog, Turkish
From Burmese နေပြည်တော် (Nepyidaw) meaning "abode of the king" or "royal abode", from နေပြည် (ne-pyi) meaning "abode" and တော် (taw) meaning "royal, sacred"... [more]
NAZARÉ (Settlement) Portuguese
Portuguese form of NAZARETH.
NAZRAN (Settlement) Russian, Arabic, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Greek, Norwegian, Ossetian, Portuguese, Persian, Romanian, Swedish, Tagalog, Tatar, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek
From Ingush Наьсаре (Nasare) possibly from Нясара (Nyasara), supposedly the name of the first person to settle in the region. This is the name of a town in Ingushetia that served as the republic's capital until 2000.
NEGERI SEMBILAN (Political Subdivision) Malay, Indonesian, Acehnese, Banjar, Javanese, Bulgarian, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Means "nine states" from Malay negeri meaning "state, country" and sembilan meaning "nine". The name refers to the nine original villages founded by Minangkabau settlers from Sumatra. This is the name of a state in Malaysia.
NICARÁGUA (Country & Body of Water) Portuguese
Portuguese form of NICARAGUA
NICÓSIA (Settlement) Portuguese
Portuguese form of NICOSIA.
NINGXIA (Political Subdivision) Chinese, Afrikaans, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Kurdish, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
From Chinese 宁 (níng) meaning "peaceful, calm, serene" and 夏 (xià) referring to the Western Xia, an empire that existed from 1038 to 1227... [more]
NOUAKCHOTT (Settlement) French, Afrikaans, Albanian, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog
From Arabic نواكشوط (Nuwākšūṭ), which is from Tamazight Nawākšūṭ meaning "place of the winds" or inua u-kshut meaning "made of wood, made of sticks". This is the name of the capital of Mauritania.
OMÃ (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of OMAN
OSSÉTIA (Region) Portuguese
Portuguese form of OSSETIA.
PADANG (Settlement) Indonesian, Minangkabau, Acehnese, Balinese, Javanese, Malay, Sundanese, Afrikaans, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Korean, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Urdu, Uzbek
Means "field, plain" in Indonesian. This is the name of the capital city of the Indonesian province of West Sumatra.
PALERMO (Settlement) Italian, English, Dutch, Esperanto, Georgian, German, Greek, Maltese, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Turkish
From Latin Panormus, itself from Ancient Greek Πάνορμος (Pánormos), composed of the words πᾰν (pan, "all") and ὅρμος (hórmos, "port"), influenced by Arabic بَلَرْم‎ (balarm)... [more]
PANAMÁ (Country) Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of PANAMA.
PÁRTIA (Region) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Parthia.
PATTANI (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Thai, Malay, Azerbaijani, Dutch, English, Finnish, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Tajik, Turkish
Most likely from Pattani Malay patani meaning "this beach" (compare standard Malay pantai ini). Alternately, it may have come from a Sanskrit word meaning "virgin nymph" or from Malay petani meaning "farmer"... [more]
PEÓNIA (Region) Portuguese (European)
European Portuguese form of Paeonia.
PEÔNIA (Region) Portuguese (Brazilian)
Brazilian Portuguese form of Paeonia.
PERAK (Political Subdivision) Malay, Indonesian, Acehnese, Banjar, Minangkabau, Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Italian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tamil, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian
Means "silver" in Malay, named in reference to the region's position as one of the world's largest sources of tin. This is the name of a state of Malaysia.
PERLIS (Political Subdivision) Malay, Indonesian, Acehnese, Banjar, Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian
Of unclear origin, possibly from the Thai phrase พร้าวลอย (práao loi) meaning "floating coconut" or "coconut washed ashore", a reference to the many coconuts once found along the shores of the region... [more]
PERRÉBIA (Region) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Perrhaebia.
PHNOM PENH (Settlement) Afrikaans, Albanian, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovene, Swedish, Filipino, Tagalog, Turkish
From Khmer ភ្នំពេញ (Phnum Pin) meaning "Penh's hill", from ភ្នំ (phnum) meaning "hill, mountain" and ពេញ (pin), the name of a legendary woman who supposedly founded the city in 1372... [more]
PHUKET (Political Subdivision, Settlement & Island) Thai, Albanian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Lao, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Derived from Malay bukit meaning "hill". This is the name of an island, province, and city in southern Thailand.
PIRENÉUS (Mountain) Portuguese (European)
European Portuguese form of Pyrenees.
PIRENEUS (Mountain) Portuguese (Brazilian)
Brazilian Portuguese form of Pyrenees.
PLOVDIV (Settlement) Bulgarian, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Uzbek
From a Thracian translation of the Latin name Pulpudeva, which is possibly derived from the given name PHILLIP and Dacian dava meaning "city, town, fortress"... [more]
POLINÉSIA (Region) Portuguese
Portuguese form of POLYNESIA.
PORTO RICO (Political Subdivision) French, Italian, Portuguese
French, Italian and Portuguese form of PUERTO RICO.
PYONGYANG (Settlement) Korean, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, French, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Kurdish, Malay, Norwegian, Portuguese, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Uyghur
From Sino-Korean 平 (pyeong) meaning "flat, level, plane" and 壤 (yang) meaning "soil, land". This is the name of the capital city of North Korea.
QUEZON (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Filipino, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Afrikaans, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Swedish, Turkish
From the surname QUEZON, named in honour of Manuel Quezon (1878-1844), the second president of the Philippines. This is the name of both a province and city in the Philippines.
QUIRGUISTÃO (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of KYRGYZSTAN.
QUIRGUÍZIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of KYRGYZSTAN via its Russian name KIRGIZIYA. This is an alternative name for the country; the standard name in Portugal is QUIRGUISTÃO.
QUIRGUIZISTÃO (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of KYRGYZSTAN
RABAT (Settlement) Arabic, Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bosnian, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hebrew, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian
Means "ribat" in Arabic, referring to a type of fortification used during the Muslim conquest of the Maghreb. It is also used as a shortened form of the city's Arabic nickname, رباط الفتح (ribatu l-fath), which means "fortification of conquest, fortification of victory"... [more]
REINO UNIDO (Country) Galician, Portuguese, Spanish
Galician, Portuguese and Spanish form of UNITED KINGDOM
RENO (River) Italian, Portuguese
Italian and Portuguese form of Rhine.
RIGA (Settlement) Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Bengali, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Faroese, French, Georgian, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kazakh, Korean, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Turkmen, Urdu, Uyghur, Uzbek
From Latvian Rīga, origin disputed. It may be derived from Livonian ringa meaning "loop", referring to an ancient harbor formed by the tributary loop of the Daugava river, from Riege, the German name of the Rīdzene (a tributary of the Daugava), or from Latvian rija meaning "threshing barn"... [more]
RODÉSIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of RHODESIA.
RORAIMA (Political Subdivision, Region & Mountain) Portuguese, Spanish, English
Of Peron origin, meaning either "parrot mountain" or "green peak," referring to Mount Roraima, located on the border between Guyana, Brazil and Venezuela. Since 1962, the name has also been used on a federal territory in north-western Brazil, which became a state in 1988.
(Other) Portuguese, Galician
Variant spelling of SAA.
SAA (Other) Portuguese, Galician
Habitational name from any of the numerous places named Saa, mainly in northern Portugal and Galicia.
SAKHA (Political Subdivision) Yakut, Russian, Arabic, Armenian, Belarusian, Danish, English, French, Georgian, Hindi, Indonesian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Malay, Mongolian, Persian, Portuguese, Tagalog, Thai, Ukrainian, Urdu
From the name of the Sakha (Yakut) people, which is derived from Turkic jaka meaning "collar, edge". This is the name of a Russian federal republic also referred to as Yakutia.
SAMARÃO (Settlement) Portuguese
Portuguese form of SEMARANG.
SAPPORO (Settlement) Japanese, Afrikaans, Azerbaijani, Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hindi, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Turkish, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From Ainu サッ・ポロ・ペッ (sat poro pet) meaning "dry, great river", referring to the Toyohira River. This is the name of a city in northern Japan that serves as the capital of the Hokkaido Prefecture.
SARAIEVO (Settlement) Italian, Portuguese
Italian and Portuguese form of SARAJEVO.
SARAJEVO (Settlement) Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Norwegian, Malay, Maltese, Portuguese, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
From Turkish saray meaning "palace, mansion, house" and ova meaning "plain, lowland" or the Slavic suffix -evo used to indicate place names. This is the name of the capital city of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
SARDENHA (Region & Island) Portuguese
Portuguese form of SARDINIA.
SATUN (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Thai, Arabic, Bulgarian, Dutch, English, French, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Lao, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Tajik, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu
Derived from Malay sentul meaning "santol" (a type of tropical fruit). This is the name of a province and city in southern Thailand.
SEICHELES (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of SEYCHELLES.
SELANGOR (Political Subdivision) Malay, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Meaning uncertain. It may be derived from Malay langau meaning "horsefly", from the name Salang Ur meaning "Salang village" (from the name of the Salang people and Tamil ஊர் (ūr) meaning "village, town"), or from Malay salang possibly meaning "stabbing" combined with jemur meaning "to burn, to dry (in the sun)"... [more]
SERRA LEOA (Country) Galician, Portuguese
Galician and Portuguese form of SIERRA LEONE
SHENZHEN (Settlement) Chinese, Afrikaans, Armenian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
From Chinese 深 (shēn) meaning "deep" and 圳 (zhèn) meaning "furrow, drainage, ditch". This is the name of a city in China.
SHYMKENT (Settlement) Kazakh, English, Russian, Bashkir, Belarusian, Chechen, Indonesian, Mongolian, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish
From Kazakh шым (shym) meaning "sod, turf, meadow" and кент (kent) meaning "town". This is the name of a city in Kazakhstan.
SIÃO (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of SIAM.
SIBÉRIA (Region) Portuguese
Portuguese form of SIBERIA.
SICÍLIA (Political Subdivision & Island) Catalan, Portuguese, Slovak
Catalan, Portuguese and Slovak form of SICILY.
SINAI (Region & Mountain) Biblical, Hebrew, Albanian, Danish, English, German, Italian, Luxembourgish, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Swedish
Biblical place name, both the mountain upon which Moses receives the Ten Commandments from God and the desert where it is located, found between Canaan and Egypt.... [more]
SINGAPURA (Country, Settlement & Island) Malay, Indonesian, Acehnese, Balinese, Banjar, Buginese, Javanese, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Portuguese (European)
Form of SINGAPORE used in various languages.
SINKIANG (Political Subdivision & Region) Albanian, Finnish, Portuguese, Spanish
Albanian, Finnish, Portuguese, and Spanish form of XINJIANG.
SÍRIA (Country) Catalan, Portuguese
Catalan and Portuguese form of SYRIA
SITÔNIA (Region) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Sithonia.
SITTWE (Settlement) Burmese, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish
Means "place where war meets" in Burmese and Arakanese, from စစ် (sit) meaning "war" and the suffix တွေ (-twe). This is the name of a city in Myanmar that serves as the capital of Rakhine State.
SOMÁLIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of SOMALIA.
SONGKHLA (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Thai, Danish, Dutch, English, French, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Lao, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Tajik, Turkish
From Malay Singgora, ultimately from Sanskrit सिंहपुर (sinhapura) meaning "city of lions", from सिंह (sinha) meaning "lion" and पुर (pura) meaning "city, town"... [more]
SRI LANKA (Country & Island) Afrikaans, Albanian, Basque, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
From Sinhalese ශ්‍රී ලංකාව (ś‍rī laṁkāva) meaning "holy island", derived from Sanskrit श्री (śrī) meaning "holy, sacred" and लङ्का (laṅkā) meaning "island"... [more]
SUAZILÂNDIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of SWAZILAND
SUDÃO DO SUL (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of SOUTH SUDAN
SUDETOS (Mountain) Portuguese
Portuguese form of SUDETES.
SUKHUMI (Settlement) Arabic, Belarusian, Chechen, Danish, English, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Portuguese, Russian, Tajik, Ukrainian
From Georgian სოხუმი (soxumi), which is of uncertain origin. It may be from Georgian ციხე (cixe) meaning "fortress" combined with the suffix ომი (-omi) denoting a geographical location or from Svan ცხუმ (cxum) meaning "hornbeam"... [more]
SULU (Political Subdivision, Region & Body of Water) Filipino, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Arabic, Azerbaijani, Chinese, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek
From Suluk, the Malay name for the Tausug people, in turn derived from Tausug Tau Sūg meaning "people of the current", from tau meaning "man, person" and sūg meaning "(sea) current, flow of water"... [more]
SUMATRA (Political Subdivision & Island) Indonesian, Acehnese, Balinese, Banjar, Javanese, Malay, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Nepali, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, Turkish, Uzbek
From Sanskrit समुद्र (samudrá) meaning "sea, ocean". This is the name of an island in Indonesia as well as three Indonesian provinces.
SURABAIA (Settlement) Belarusian, Galician, Georgian, Portuguese
Belarusian, Galician, Georgian, and Portuguese form of SURABAYA.
TAILÂNDIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of THAILAND
TAIPÉ (Settlement) Portuguese
Portuguese form of TAIPEI.
TAJIQUISTÃO (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of TAJIKISTAN.
TALLINN (Settlement) Estonian, English, Danish, Dutch, French, German, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Swedish
Capital of ESTONIA and previously known as Reval until 1918. The meaning of the name is uncertain, but it is believed to be derived from Estonian Taani-linn(a) meaning "Danish castle" or "Danish town".
TASHKENT (Settlement) Belarusian, Bulgarian, English, Indonesian, Kazakh, Malay, Mongolian, Portuguese, Russian, Tagalog, Ukrainian, Uyghur
From Uzbek Toshkent meaning "stone city", from tosh meaning "stone" and Turkic kend meaning "city". This is the name of the capital city of Uzbekistan.
TAWI-TAWI (Political Subdivision & Island) Filipino, Tausug, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Czech, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
From Sinama Jawi Jawi, which is derived from Malay jejawi meaning "banyan tree". This is the name of an island and province in the southern Philippines.
TBILISI (Settlement) Georgian, Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Latvian, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Derived from Georgian თბილი (tbili) meaning "warm", given in reference to the area's sulfuric hot springs. This is the name of the capital city of Georgia (the country).
TESPRÓCIA (Political Subdivision & Region) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Thesprotia.
TIANJIN (Settlement) Chinese, Arabic, Afrikaans, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Indian, Hindi, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Filipino, Tagalog
From Chinese 天 (tiān) meaning "sky, heaven" and 津 (jīn) meaning "ferry, ford". This is the name of a city in China.
TIBETE (Region) Portuguese
Portuguese form of TIBET.
TIMOR LESTE (Country) Portuguese, English
Portuguese form of EAST TIMOR as well as an English variant (often spelled Timor-Leste).
TOGO (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Burmese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Korean, Latvian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Means "land where lagoons lie" from Ewe to meaning "water" and go meaning "shore". Togo, officially the Togolese Republic, is a country in West Africa bordered by Ghana to the west, Benin to the east and Burkina Faso to the north.
TOMBUCTU (Settlement) Portuguese
Portuguese form of TIMBUKTU.
TRANG (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Thai, Bulgarian, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Tajik, Turkish, Urdu
Either from Malay terang meaning "bright, light, clear" or from Sanskrit तरंग (taraṃga) meaning "wave, ripple". This is the name of a province and city in southern Thailand.
TRANSCARPÁTIA (Region) Portuguese
Portuguese form of TRANSCARPATHIA.
TRANSCÁSPIA (Political Subdivision) Portuguese
Portuguese form of TRANSCASPIA.
TRANSCAUCÁSIA (Region) Portuguese
Portuguese form of TRANSCAUCASIA.