Portuguese Place Names

Portuguese names are used in Portugal, Brazil and other Portuguese-speaking areas. See also about Portuguese names.
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ALEMANHA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of ALEMANNIA, used as the Portuguese name of Germany.
AMÉRICA (Region) Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of AMERICA, used to refer to the continents.
ARGENTINA (Country) Spanish, English, Portuguese, Italian, Russian, Czech, Croatian, Serbian, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
From Latin argentinus meaning "silvery", a derivative of argentum meaning "silver". This is the name of a country in South America, arising from a Latinized form of Spanish Río de la Plata meaning "river of silver".
AUSTRÁLIA (Region & Country) Portuguese, Slovak
Portuguese and Slovak form of AUSTRALIA.
BABILÓNIA (Settlement) Portuguese
Portuguese form of BABYLON.
BAVIERA (Political Subdivision) Spanish, Portuguese, Italian
Spanish, Portuguese and Italian form of BAVARIA.
BOLÍVIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of BOLIVIA.
BRASIL (Country) Portuguese, Spanish, Norwegian
Portuguese, Spanish and Norwegian form of BRAZIL.
CANADÁ (Country) Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of CANADA.
CASTELA (Region) Portuguese
Portuguese form of CASTILE.
CHADE (Body of Water & Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of CHAD.
CHAVES (Settlement) Portuguese, Spanish
From the Roman name FLAVIUS. This is the name of a Portuguese city which was originally named for the Roman emperor Vespasian, whose family name was Flavius.
CHINA (Country) English, German, Dutch, Spanish, Portuguese, Romanian, Sanskrit
From Persian چین (Chin), probably derived via Sanskrit चीन (China) from Qin, the name of a dynasty that ruled in China in the 3rd century BC. In China the name Zhongguo is used to refer to the country.
CONGO (River & Country) English, French, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Danish
From Kongo, of uncertain origin, the name of a kingdom in central Africa that existed from the 14th to 19th century. The Congo River (also called the Zaire River) was named after the kingdom. Belgian and French colonies were established in the 19th century, named after the river, which eventually led to two African countries, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (formerly Zaire) and the Republic of the Congo.
DINAMARCA (Country) Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of DENMARK.
ETIÓPIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Αιθιοπια (Aithiopia) (see ETHIOPIA).
FÁTIMA (Settlement) Portuguese
Derived from the Arabic feminine name FATIMAH, apparently after a Moorish princess who converted to Christianity during the Reconquista. This is the name of a town in Portugal, which became an important Christian pilgrimage center after 1917 when three local children reported witnessing repeated apparitions of the Virgin Mary.
FRANÇA (Country) Portuguese, Catalan
Portuguese and Catalan form of FRANCE.
GRÉCIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Graecia (see GREECE).
GUINÉ (Region, Country & Island) Portuguese
Portuguese form of GUINEA.
HUNGRIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of HUNGARY.
ÍNDIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of INDIA.
INDONÉSIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of INDONESIA.
INGLATERRA (Country) Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of ANGLAE TERRA, used for England.
IRÃ (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of IRAN.
ITÁLIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Italia (see ITALY).
JAPÃO (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of JAPAN.
JERUSALÉM (Settlement) Portuguese
Portuguese form of JERUSALEM.
LONDRES (Settlement) French, Spanish, Portuguese
French, Spanish and Portuguese form of LONDON.
LORENA (Political Subdivision) Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, Romanian
Spanish, Portuguese, Italian and Romanian form of LORRAINE.
MÉXICO (Country & Settlement) Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish (and Portuguese) form of MEXICO.
NEPAL (Country) Nepali, Indian, Hindi, English, German, Dutch, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Polish, Sanskrit
From Sanskrit नेपाल (Nepal), of unknown meaning. This is the name of a landlocked country in south Asia.
NÍGER (River & Country) Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of NIGER.
NIGÉRIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of NIGERIA.
NILO (River) Spanish, Portuguese, Italian
Spanish, Portuguese and Italian form of Nilus (see NILE).
NÍNIVE (Settlement) Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of NINEVEH.
NORUEGA (Country) Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of NORWAY.
PAÍSES BAIXOS (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese cognate of PAYS-BAS, the Portuguese name for the Netherlands.
PAQUISTÃO (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of PAKISTAN.
PEQUIM (Settlement) Portuguese
Portuguese form of BEIJING.
PÉRSIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of PERSIA.
PERU (Country) English, Portuguese, German, Dutch
From Spanish Perú, older Birú, which was possibly derived from the name of a chieftain (who nevertheless resided in modern-day Panama).
PORTO (Settlement) Portuguese, English
Modern form of PORTUS CALE. This is the name of a city in Portugal.
PORTUGAL (Country) Portuguese, English, French, Spanish, Galician, Catalan, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Croatian, Serbian
From Portugale, which was derived from PORTUS CALE, the old name of the city of Porto. The name of the city was later applied to the entire country.
QUÉNIA (Country & Mountain) Portuguese (European)
Portuguese form of KENYA.
QUÊNIA (Country & Mountain) Portuguese (Brazilian)
Brazilian Portuguese form of KENYA.
ROMA (Settlement) Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Catalan, Romanian, Ancient Roman
Latinate form of ROME.
ROMÊNIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of ROMANIA.
RÚSSIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of RUSSIA.
SAMARA (Settlement & River) Russian, English, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, French, German
Meaning unknown, possibly of Kyrgyz origin. This is the name of a city in Russia, founded in the 16th century, as well as the river on which it is situated.
SAMARRA (Settlement) Arabic, English, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, French, German
This is the name of a city in Iraq, the capital of the Abbasid Caliphate in the 9th century. It was possibly built at the site of the ancient Assyrian city of Surmarrati, which is of uncertain meaning.
SANTANA (Settlement) Portuguese
The name of several places in the Portuguese-speaking world, in honour of Saint ANNA.
SANTIAGO (Settlement) Spanish, Portuguese
This is the name of several cities in Spain and Portugal, so-named for Saint JAMES (see the given name SANTIAGO for more information). It is also used for many other cities in the Spanish and Portuguese-speaking worlds, notably the capital city of Chile.
SOUSA (River) Portuguese
Possibly derived from Latin salsus "salty" or saxa "rocks", but likely of pre-Latin origin. This is the name of a river in Portugal.
SUDÃO (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of SUDAN.
SUÉCIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of SWEDEN.
TÓQUIO (Settlement) Portuguese
Portuguese form of TOKYO.
TURQUIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Turcia (see TURKEY).
VIETNAME (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of VIETNAM.
ZAIRE (River & Country) Portuguese, English
Older name of the Congo River, said to be derived via Portuguese from Kikongo nzadi o nzere meaning "river swallowing rivers". This was also the former name of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.