Portuguese Place Names

Portuguese names are used in Portugal, Brazil and other Portuguese-speaking areas. See also about Portuguese names.
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AFEGANISTÃO (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of AFGHANISTAN.
ALEMANHA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of ALEMANNIA, used as the Portuguese name of Germany.
AMÉRICA (Region) Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of AMERICA, used to refer to the continents.
ANGOLA (Country) Portuguese, English, Spanish, French, Italian, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Estonian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Russian, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Hungarian, Romanian, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Albanian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Turkish, Georgian
Portuguese form of Ngola, the royal title of the kings of Ndongo, an African kingdom that was conquered by the Portuguese in the 17th-century. It was a Portuguese colony until 1975, when it became an independent country.
ARGEL (Settlement) Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of ALGIERS.
ARGÉLIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of ALGERIA.
ARGENTINA (Country) Spanish, English, Portuguese, Italian, Russian, Romanian, Czech, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Macedonian, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Estonian, Lithuanian, Georgian
From Latin argentinus meaning "silvery", a derivative of argentum meaning "silver". This is the name of a country in South America, arising from a Latinized form of Spanish Río de la Plata meaning "river of silver".
ARMÉNIA (Country) Portuguese (European)
European Portuguese form of ARMENIA.
ARMÊNIA (Country) Portuguese (Brazilian)
Brazilian Portuguese form of ARMENIA.
ÁSIA (Region) Portuguese
Portuguese form of ASIA.
ATENAS (Settlement) Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of ATHENS.
AUSTRÁLIA (Region & Country) Portuguese, Slovak
Portuguese and Slovak form of AUSTRALIA.
BABILÓNIA (Settlement) Portuguese
Portuguese form of BABYLON.
BAVIERA (Political Subdivision) Spanish, Portuguese, Italian
Spanish, Portuguese and Italian form of BAVARIA.
BELARUS (Country) Belarusian, Russian, English, Portuguese
Means "white Russia", from the Slavic root белъ (belu) meaning "white" and RUS. This is the name of a country in eastern Europe. Many languages use a translation of "white Russia" to refer to the country, for example German Weißrussland and Swedish Vitryssland.
BELIZE (Country & River) English, Italian, Portuguese, French, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Estonian, Polish, Hungarian, Romanian, Czech, Slovak, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Macedonian
From Spanish Belice, earlier Balis, from the name of the Belize River, which may itself be from Mayan beliz meaning "muddy water". This is the name of a country on the Atlantic coast of Central America.
BENIM (Settlement, Body of Water & Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of BENIN.
BIELORRÚSSIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese variant of BELARUS.
BIRMÂNIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of BURMA.
BOLÍVIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of BOLIVIA.
BRASIL (Country) Portuguese, Spanish, Norwegian
Portuguese, Spanish and Norwegian form of BRAZIL.
CANADÁ (Country) Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of CANADA.
CASTELA (Region) Portuguese
Portuguese form of CASTILE.
CHADE (Body of Water & Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of CHAD.
CHAVES (Settlement) Portuguese, Spanish
From the Roman name FLAVIUS. This is the name of a Portuguese city, which was originally named for the Roman emperor Vespasian, whose family name was Flavius.
CHINA (Country) English, German, Dutch, Spanish, Portuguese, Romanian, Malay, Sanskrit
From Persian چین (Chin), probably derived via Sanskrit चीन (China) from Qin, the name of a dynasty that ruled in China in the 3rd century BC. In China the name Zhongguo is used to refer to the country.
CONGO (River & Country) English, French, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Danish
From Kongo, of uncertain origin, the name of a kingdom in central Africa that existed from the 14th to 19th century. The Congo River (also called the Zaire River) was named after the kingdom. Belgian and French colonies were established in the 19th century, named after the river, which eventually led to two African countries, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (formerly Zaire) and the Republic of the Congo.
DAMASCO (Settlement) Italian, Spanish, Portuguese
Italian, Spanish and Portuguese form of DAMASCUS.
DINAMARCA (Country) Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of DENMARK.
EGITO (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of EGYPT.
ESCÓCIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of SCOTLAND.
ETIÓPIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Aethiopia (see ETHIOPIA).
FÁTIMA (Settlement) Portuguese
Derived from the Arabic feminine name FATIMAH, apparently after a Moorish princess who converted to Christianity during the Reconquista. This is the name of a town in Portugal, which became an important Christian pilgrimage center after 1917 when three local children reported witnessing repeated apparitions of the Virgin Mary.
FIJI (Country) English, Portuguese, Indian, Hindi
English form of Fijian Viti, of unknown meaning, the name of the largest island (called Viti Levu meaning "great Viti") of the archipelago. The change from Viti to Fiji is reportedly explained by the fact that the British (on an 18th-century expedition of James Cook) first heard it pronounced this way by the neighbouring Tongans.
FILIPINAS (Country) Spanish, Portuguese, Filipino, Ilocano
Spanish, Portuguese and Ilocano form of PHILIPPINES.
FINLÂNDIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Finnland (see FINLAND).
FRANÇA (Country) Portuguese, Catalan
Portuguese and Catalan form of FRANCE.
GEÓRGIA (Country & Political Subdivision) Portuguese
Portuguese form of GEORGIA (1) or GEORGIA (2).
GRÉCIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Graecia (see GREECE).
GUINÉ (Region, Country & Island) Portuguese
Portuguese form of GUINEA.
HUNGRIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of HUNGARY.
ÍNDIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of INDIA.
INDONÉSIA (Country) Indonesian, Javanese, Sundanese, Portuguese
Javanese, Sundanese and Portuguese form of INDONESIA.
INGLATERRA (Country) Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of ANGLAE TERRA, used for England.
IRÃ (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of IRAN.
IRLANDA (Country & Island) Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, Romanian
Spanish, Portuguese, Italian and Romanian form of IRELAND.
ISRAEL (Country) English, Spanish, Portuguese, Romanian, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Biblical, Biblical Greek
From the name of the Old Testament hero Jacob, who was also called ISRAEL. This was the name of an ancient kingdom that existed until the 8th century BC. The modern country of Israel is named for it.
ITÁLIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Italia (see ITALY).
JAPÃO (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of JAPAN.
JERUSALÉM (Settlement) Portuguese
Portuguese form of JERUSALEM.
LIBÉRIA (Country) French, Portuguese, Hungarian, Slovak
French, Portuguese, Hungarian and Slovak form of LIBERIA.
LITUÂNIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of LIETUVA.
LONDRES (Settlement) French, Spanish, Portuguese
French, Spanish and Portuguese form of LONDON.
LORENA (Political Subdivision) Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, Romanian
Spanish, Portuguese, Italian and Romanian form of LORRAINE.
MARROCOS (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of MOROCCO.
MEDINA (Settlement) English, Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, German, Dutch, Croatian, Serbian
Form of Arabic المدينة (al-Madinah) meaning "the city". This is the name of a city in Saudi Arabia, considered a holy site in Islam because the Prophet Muhammad was based there for a period.
MÉXICO (Country & Settlement) Spanish, Portuguese, Finnish, Estonian, Slovene
Spanish (and Portuguese) form of MEXICO. This native spelling is also used in several other languages to refer to the capital city, while the name of the country has other forms.
MIANMÁ (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese variant form of MYANMAR.
MIANMAR (Country) Hungarian, Bulgarian, Portuguese
Hungarian and Bulgarian form of MYANMAR, as well as a Portuguese variant.
MOÇAMBIQUE (Island & Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of MOZAMBIQUE.
MONGÓLIA (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) Portuguese
Portuguese form of MONGOLIA.
MYANMAR (Country) English, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, German, Dutch, French, Czech, Romanian, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Estonian, Turkish, Indian, Hindi
From Burmese မြန်မာ (Myanma), the name of the main Burmese ethnic group (also called the Bamar), which is of unknown origin. This is the name of a country in southeastern Asia. It was formerly called Burma, derived from a variant of this term.
NEPAL (Country) Nepali, Indian, Hindi, English, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Finnish, Estonian, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Russian, Ukrainian, Polish, Romanian, Slovene, Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Macedonian, Bulgarian, Greek, Turkish, Azerbaijani, Indonesian, Malay, Sanskrit
From Sanskrit नेपाल (Nepal), of unknown meaning. This is the name of a landlocked country in south Asia.
NÍGER (River & Country) Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of NIGER.
NIGÉRIA (Country) Portuguese, Slovak
Portuguese and Slovak form of NIGERIA.
NILO (River) Spanish, Portuguese, Italian
Spanish, Portuguese and Italian form of Nilus (see NILE).
NÍNIVE (Settlement) Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of NINEVEH.
NORUEGA (Country) Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of NORWAY.
PAÍSES BAIXOS (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese cognate of PAYS-BAS. This is the Portuguese name for the Netherlands.
PAQUISTÃO (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of PAKISTAN.
PEQUIM (Settlement) Portuguese
Portuguese form of BEIJING.
PÉRSIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of PERSIA.
PERU (Country) English, Portuguese, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Russian, Ukrainian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Slovene, Hungarian, Croatian, Serbian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Turkish, Azerbaijani, Georgian, Indian, Hindi
From Spanish Perú, older Birú, which was possibly derived from the name of a chieftain (who nevertheless resided in modern-day Panama).
POLÓNIA (Country) Portuguese (European)
Portuguese form of POLAND.
POLÔNIA (Country) Portuguese (Brazilian)
Portuguese form of POLAND.
PORTO (Settlement) Portuguese, English
Modern form of PORTUS CALE. This is the name of a city in Portugal.
PORTUGAL (Country) Portuguese, English, French, Spanish, Galician, Catalan, German, Dutch, Luxembourgish, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Estonian, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Indonesian, Malay
From Portugale, which was derived from PORTUS CALE, the old name of the city of Porto. The name of the city was later applied to the entire country.
PRAGA (Settlement) Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Romanian, Polish, Slovene, Russian, Bulgarian, Greek
Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Romanian, Polish, Slovene, Russian, Bulgarian and Greek form of Praha (see PRAGUE).
QUÉNIA (Country & Mountain) Portuguese (European)
Portuguese form of KENYA.
QUÊNIA (Country & Mountain) Portuguese (Brazilian)
Brazilian Portuguese form of KENYA.
ROMA (Settlement) Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Catalan, Romanian, Ancient Roman
Latinate form of ROME.
ROMÊNIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of ROMANIA.
RÚSSIA (Country) Portuguese, Catalan
Portuguese and Catalan form of RUSSIA.
SAMARA (Settlement & River) Russian, English, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, French, German
Meaning unknown, possibly of Kyrgyz origin. This is the name of a city in Russia, founded in the 16th century, as well as the river on which it is situated.
SAMARRA (Settlement) Arabic, English, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, French, German
This is the name of a city in Iraq, the capital of the Abbasid Caliphate in the 9th century. It was possibly built at the site of the ancient Assyrian city of Surmarrati, which is of uncertain meaning.
SANTANA (Settlement) Portuguese
The name of several places in the Portuguese-speaking world, in honour of Saint ANNA.
SANTIAGO (Settlement) Spanish, Portuguese
This is the name of several cities in Spain and Portugal, so named for Saint JAMES (see the given name SANTIAGO for more information). It is also used for many other cities in the Spanish and Portuguese-speaking worlds, notably the capital city of Chile.
SENEGAL (River & Country) Portuguese, English, Spanish, Italian, German, Swedish, Dutch, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Finnish, Estonian, Russian, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Romanian, Turkish
From Portuguese, possibly from the name of the Berber Zenaga people of northern Senegal. This is the name of a river in western Africa, and a country named after it. It gained independence from France in 1960.
SOUSA (River) Portuguese
Possibly derived from Latin salsus "salty" or saxa "rocks", but likely of pre-Latin origin. This is the name of a river in Portugal.
SUDÃO (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of SUDAN.
SUÉCIA (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of SWEDEN.
TÓQUIO (Settlement) Portuguese
Portuguese form of TOKYO.
TURQUIA (Country) Portuguese, Catalan
Portuguese and Catalan form of Turcia (see TURKEY).
UGANDA (Country) English, Eastern African, Ganda, Swahili, German, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Estonian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Hungarian, Romanian, Russian, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Turkish, Georgian, Indonesian, Japanese, Korean, Malay
From Buganda, the name of a kingdom within Uganda, which means "land of the Ganda" in the Luganda language. The Ganda are an ethnic group, their name possibly deriving from a Bantu word meaning "family". Uganda is a landlocked country in eastern Africa.
VENEZUELA (Country) Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, French, English, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Estonian, Czech, Slovak, Hungarian, Romanian, Slovene, Croatian, Albanian, Turkish, Indonesian, Malay
Possibly from Italian Veneziola meaning "little VENICE". This is the name of a country on the northern coast of South America. The region was supposedly named this in 1499 by a Spanish expedition (which included Amerigo Vespucci) because an indigenous town on Lake Maracaibo was built on stilts over the water, reminiscent of the Italian city. Another theory suggests that the country's name comes from Veneciuela, the name of a local people.
VIETNAME (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Vietnamese Chữ Nôm 越南 (see VIETNAM).
ZAIRE (River & Country) Portuguese, English
Older name of the Congo River, said to be derived via Portuguese from Kikongo nzadi o nzere meaning "river swallowing rivers". This was also the former name of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
ZELÂNDIA (Political Subdivision & Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of ZEALAND.
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