are used in China and in Chinese communities throughout the world. Note that depending on the Chinese characters
used these names can have many other meanings besides those listed here. See also about Chinese names
BEIJING 北京 (Settlement) Chinese, English
From Chinese 北 (běi)
meaning "north" and 京 (jīng)
meaning "capital city". This is the name of the capital of China.
SUDAN 苏丹 (Country) English, Arabic, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Italian, Russian, Ukrainian, Polish, Slovene, Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Romanian, Turkish, Azerbaijani, Indonesian, Malay, Chinese
From Arabic سُود (sud)
, referring to the darker skin of the inhabitants. This is the name of a country in Africa. In Arabic it is properly written with the definite article: السُودان (al-Sudan)
ZHONGGUO 中国 (Country) Chinese
Means "middle kingdom"
, from Chinese 中 (zhōng)
meaning "middle" and 国 (guó)
meaning "country, state". This is the Chinese name for China
. The name originally referred to China's central regions, as opposed to the territory on the fringes.