Dutch Place Names

Dutch names are used in the Netherlands and Flanders. See also about Dutch names.
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AALST (Settlement) Dutch
Possibly from Germanic alhust meaning "living place". This is the name of various towns in Belgium and the Netherlands.
AARLE (Settlement) Dutch
Meaning unknown. This is the name of various towns in the Netherlands.
ACHTHOVEN (Settlement) Dutch
Means "eight gardens" in Dutch. This is the name of various towns in the Netherlands.
ADRICHEM (Settlement) Dutch
Means "Adrik's home". This was the name of an estate and castle (demolished in 1812) that was formerly in North Holland, the Netherlands.
AFGHANISTAN (Country) Pashto, Arabic, Urdu, Indian, Hindi, English, German, Dutch, French, Italian
From Pashto افغانستان (Afghanistan), from the Persian ethnic name افغان (Afkhan) meaning "Afghan, Pashtun" combined with the Persian suffix ستان (stan) meaning "land of". This is the name of a country in central Asia.
ALGERIJE (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of ALGERIA.
ALGIERS (Settlement) English, Dutch
From Arabic الجزائر (al-Jaza'ir) meaning "the islands". This is the name of the capital city of Algeria, so named because of the islands in its bay.
ALTENA (Settlement) Dutch
Possibly means "close, near" in Dutch. This is the name of a town in the Netherlands.
AMERIKA (Region & Country) German, Dutch, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish, Luxembourgish, Latvian, Lithuanian, Russian, Czech, Slovak, Croatian, Serbian, Slovene, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Hungarian, Hebrew, Albanian, Armenian, Georgian, Tatar, Bashkir, Chechen, Kazakh, Uzbek, Indonesian, Malay
Form of AMERICA, used to refer to the continents and sometimes to the United States of America.
AMERSFOORT (Settlement) Dutch
Means "ford of the Amer (Eem) River" in Dutch. This is the name of a city in Utrecht, the Netherlands.
AMSTEL (River) Dutch
Means "water place" in Dutch. This is the name of a river in the Netherlands, which lent its name to Amsterdam.
AMSTERDAM (Settlement) Dutch, English, German, Swedish, Danish, Norwegian, French, Polish
Means "dam on the AMSTEL" in Dutch. This is the name of the capital city of the Netherlands, first mentioned with this name in the 13th century.
ANDEL (Settlement) Dutch
Possibly means "upper forest" in Old Dutch. This is the name of a town in North Brabant in the Netherlands.
ANGOLA (Country) Portuguese, English, Spanish, French, Italian, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Estonian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Russian, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Hungarian, Romanian, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Albanian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Turkish, Georgian
Portuguese form of Ngola, the royal title of the kings of Ndongo, an African kingdom that was conquered by the Portuguese in the 17th-century. It was a Portuguese colony until 1975, when it became an independent country.
ANTWERPEN (Settlement) Dutch, German, Luxembourgish, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Finnish, Hungarian, Slovene, Croatian, Bosnian
Dutch form of ANTWERP, as well as the form in several other languages.
APELDOORN (Settlement) Dutch
Means "apple tree" in Dutch. This is the name of a city in the Netherlands.
ARENDONK (Settlement) Dutch
Derived from Dutch arend "eagle" and donk "hill". This is the name of a city in northern Belgium.
ARGENTINIË (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of ARGENTINA.
ARMENIË (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of ARMENIA.
ASCH (Settlement) Dutch
From Old Dutch aska meaning "ash tree". This is the name of a town in the Netherlands.
ASSENDORP (Settlement) Dutch
From Dutch es meaning "ash tree" (plural essen) and dorp meaning "village". This is the name of a city in the Netherlands.
AUSTRALIË (Region & Country) Dutch
Dutch form of AUSTRALIA.
BABYLON (Settlement) English, German, Dutch, Biblical, Ancient Roman, Biblical Latin, Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek
Greek form of Akkadian 𒆍𒀭𒊏𒆠 (Babili), which appears to mean "gateway of God", from Akkadian 𒆍 (babu) meaning "gate" and 𒀭 (ilu) meaning "God", though it may in fact derive from a non-Semitic language. This was the name of a major city in ancient Mesopotamia, the capital of the Babylonian Empire. It was located in present-day Iraq.
BEERS (Settlement) Dutch
Possibly from Dutch baar meaning "bar". This is the name of a town in the Netherlands (plus a smaller one in Frisia).
BELGIË (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of BELGIUM.
BELIZE (Country & River) English, Italian, Portuguese, French, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Estonian, Polish, Hungarian, Romanian, Czech, Slovak, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Macedonian
From Spanish Belice, earlier Balis, from the name of the Belize River, which may itself be from Mayan beliz meaning "muddy water". This is the name of a country on the Atlantic coast of Central America.
BENIN (Settlement, Body of Water & Country) English, Italian, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Estonian, Russian, Ukrainian, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Hungarian, Slovene, Serbian, Croatian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Romanian, Indonesian, Malay
From Portuguese Benim, derived from Itsekiri Ubinu, the name of the capital city of the historical Benin Kingdom (present-day Benin City in Nigeria). Allegedly it was initially named Ile-Ibinu meaning "land of anger" because of disputes between different factions. The Bight of Benin (a large bay) was named after the Benin Kingdom, and the modern country of Benin, west of Nigeria, was named after the bay in 1975 (formerly named Dahomey).
BETHLEHEM (Settlement) English, German, Dutch, Biblical
Means "house of bread" in Hebrew, from the roots בַּיִת (bayit) meaning "house" and לֶחֶם (lechem) meaning "bread". This is the name of a city in Palestine. It appears in the both the Old Testament and the New Testament, notably as the town where Jesus is born.
BOLIVIA (Country) Spanish, English, Italian, Dutch, Georgian
From the surname BOLÍVAR, in honour of the revolutionary Simón Bolívar. This is the name of a country in South America.
BRAZILIË (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of BRAZIL.
BULGARIJE (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of BULGARIA.
BUREN (Settlement) Dutch
From Old Dutch bur "house, dwelling". This is a small town on the island of Ameland in the north of the Netherlands, as well as a small city in Gelderland.
CANADA (Country) English, French, Italian, Dutch, Danish, Norwegian
Derived from the Iroquoian word kanata meaning "village". This word was used by Native Americans to direct French explorer Jacques Cartier to Stadacona. Cartier used the word to refer to the region.
CHINA (Country) English, German, Dutch, Spanish, Portuguese, Romanian, Malay, Sanskrit
From Persian چین (Chin), probably derived via Sanskrit चीन (China) from Qin, the name of a dynasty that ruled in China in the 3rd century BC. In China the name Zhongguo is used to refer to the country.
CYPRUS (Island & Country) English, Dutch
From Greek Κύπρος (Kypros), which may get its name from the cypress tree (Greek κυπάρισσος). This is the name of an island country in the eastern Mediterranean. Although considered one nation by most other countries, the northern part of the island is occupied by Turkish forces and claims independence.
DENEMARKEN (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of DENMARK.
DONAU (River) German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
Form of DANUBE in various languages.
DUITSLAND (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of DEUTSCHLAND.
EGYPTE (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of EGYPT.
ENGELAND (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of ENGLAND.
ESTLAND (Country) German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian and Danish form of ESTONIA.
ETHIOPIË (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of Aethiopia (see ETHIOPIA).
FINLAND (Country) English, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch, Malay
From Old Norse Finnr, which referred to the Finn and Sami peoples, combined with land. This is the name of a country in northern Europe, called Suomi in Finnish.
FRANKEN (Region) German, Dutch, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish
German form of FRANCONIA.
FRANKRIJK (Country) Dutch
Dutch cognate of FRANKREICH. This is the Dutch name for France.
GENUA (Settlement) Ancient Roman, German, Dutch
Latin, German and Dutch form of GENOA.
GEORGIA (2) (Political Subdivision & Country) English, Spanish, Italian, German, Swedish, Danish, Norwegian, Finnish, Dutch
From the given name GEORGE, named in honour of the British king George II. This was the name of an American colony, later a state.
GEORGIË (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of GEORGIA (1).
GHANA (Country) English, French, German, Dutch, Italian, Spanish, Polish, Czech, Slovak
From the name of the Ghana Empire, which was located in the southwestern Sahara and existed up to the 13th century. Ghana, meaning "warrior" in Mande, was actually the title of the rulers, while the empire itself was more properly known as Awkar. In 1957 this was adopted as the name of the newly independent country of Ghana, formerly the British colony Gold Coast, despite the fact that the country lies outside the empire's territory.
GUINEE (Region, Country & Island) Dutch
Dutch form of GUINEA.
HAANRADE (Settlement) Dutch
From Dutch haan "rooster" and raad "advice". This is the name of a small village in the south of the province of Limburg in the Netherlands.
HOFWEGEN (Settlement) Dutch
From Dutch hof meaning "garden, courtyard" and weg meaning "way, path, road". This is the name of a town in the Netherlands.
HOLLAND (1) (Political Subdivision & Country) Dutch, English, German
From Old Dutch holt "forest" and lant "land". This is the name of two provinces (North and South Holland) in the Netherlands. It is sometimes used to refer to the entire country of the Netherlands.
HOLSTEIN (Political Subdivision & Region) German, English, Dutch
From the name of a Saxon tribe, derived from Old Saxon holt meaning "wood" and sat meaning "inhabitant". This is the name of a historical region in Germany, near the Danish border. It forms part of the name of the modern German state of Schleswig-Holstein.
HONGARIJE (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of HUNGARY.
IERLAND (Country & Island) Dutch
Dutch form of IRELAND.
INDIA (Country) English, Italian, Spanish, Dutch, Norwegian, Estonian, Slovak, Hungarian, Romanian, Albanian, Greek, Indonesian, Malay, Thai, Ancient Roman, Ancient Greek
Derived from the name of the INDUS River. In many languages of India, the name Bharat is used to refer to the country. However, some southern Indian languages use spellings based on English India.
INDONESIË (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of INDONESIA.
IRAN (Country) Persian, Arabic, English, French, Italian, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Romanian, Russian, Ukrainian, Polish, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Greek, Indonesian, Malay, Japanese, Korean
Derived from Middle Persian Eran, related to Old Iranian Arya meaning "Iranian, Aryan". This is the name of a country in western Asia, formerly called Persia in the West.
ITALIË (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of Italia (see ITALY).
JAPAN (Country) English, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian
From Portuguese Japão, which was derived from a Malay form of Riben, the Chinese reading of NIPPON.
JERUZALEM (Settlement) Dutch, Slovak, Slovene, Croatian
Dutch, Slovak, Slovene and Croatian form of JERUSALEM.
JORDAAN (River) Dutch
Dutch form of JORDAN (the river).
JORDANIË (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of JORDAN (the country).
KANNE (Settlement) Dutch
Meaning unknown. This is the name of a town in the province of Limburg in Belgium.
KAZACHSTAN (Country) Dutch, Polish, Slovak
Dutch, Polish and Slovak form of Kazakh Қазақстан (see KAZAKHSTAN).
KENIA (Country & Mountain) German, Dutch, Finnish, Spanish, Polish, Italian
Form of KENYA in several languages, as well as an Italian variant.
KOREA (Country) English, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Estonian, Czech, Greek, Georgian, Indonesian, Malay
From medieval Latin Corea, itself derived from GORYEO, the name of a kingdom that ruled most of the Korean Peninsula from the 10th to 14th centuries. This is the name of two countries, North and South Korea. Hanguk and Joseon are the Korean names for the countries.
KRAKAU (Settlement) German, Dutch
German and Dutch form of KRAKÓW.
KROATIË (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of CROATIA.
LIBERIA (Country) English, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Italian, Spanish, Polish
Derived from Latin liber meaning "free". This was the name of a colony established in western Africa by free African Americans in the 1820s. It declared its independence in 1847, and was one of only two independent countries in Africa in the early 20th century (along with Ethiopia).
LITOUWEN (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of LITHUANIA.
LONDEN (Settlement) Dutch
Dutch form of LONDON.
MAROKKO (Country) German, Dutch, Danish, Norwegian, Finnish
German, Dutch, Danish, Norwegian and Finnish form of MOROCCO.
MARRAKESH (Settlement) English, Dutch
From Arabic مرّاكش (Marrakush), possibly from Berber Murt n Akush meaning "land of God". This is the name of a city in Morocco.
MEDINA (Settlement) English, Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, German, Dutch, Croatian, Serbian
Form of Arabic المدينة (al-Madinah) meaning "the city". This is the name of a city in Saudi Arabia, considered a holy site in Islam because the Prophet Muhammad was based there for a period.
MEXICO (Country & Settlement) English, French, Swedish, Danish, Norwegian, Dutch
From Spanish México, itself derived from Nahuatl Mehxico. There are many theories regarding the ultimate origin, including Nahuatl metztli meaning "moon" combined with xictli meaning "navel". This is the name of a country in North America, as well as its capital city (the country is named after the city). In French and Swedish Mexico is the name of the capital city, while the country is called Mexique in French and Mexiko in Swedish.
MONGOLIË (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) Dutch
Dutch form of MONGOLIA.
MOZAMBIQUE (Island & Country) English, French, Spanish, Dutch
From the name of an island off the southeastern coast of Africa, named Moçambique by the Portuguese after the 15th-century local sultan موسى بن بيك (Musa bin Bik). This island became the region's Portuguese colonial capital in the 16th century, and the name was eventually applied to a large area of mainland Africa. Mozambique gained independence from Portugal in 1974.
MYANMAR (Country) English, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, German, Dutch, French, Czech, Romanian, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Estonian, Turkish, Indian, Hindi
From Burmese မြန်မာ (Myanma), the name of the main Burmese ethnic group (also called the Bamar), which is of unknown origin. This is the name of a country in southeastern Asia. It was formerly called Burma, derived from a variant of this term.
NEDERLAND (Country) Dutch, Norwegian
Dutch and Norwegian cognate of NETHERLANDS.
NEPAL (Country) Nepali, Indian, Hindi, English, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Finnish, Estonian, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Russian, Ukrainian, Polish, Romanian, Slovene, Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Macedonian, Bulgarian, Greek, Turkish, Azerbaijani, Indonesian, Malay, Sanskrit
From Sanskrit नेपाल (Nepal), of unknown meaning. This is the name of a landlocked country in south Asia.
NIFTRIK (Settlement) Dutch
Meaning unknown. This is the name of a town in the province of Gelderland in the Netherlands.
NIGER (River & Country) English, French, Italian, German, Dutch, Swedish, Croatian, Serbian, Late Roman
Meaning unknown, possibly of Berber origin, though influenced by Latin niger "black". This is the name of a river in western Africa (and a country that is named after it).
NIGERIA (Country) English, French, Italian, Spanish, German, Dutch, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish, Finnish, Polish, Romanian, Albanian, Georgian
From the name of the NIGER River, applied in the 19th century to the British colonial territory in western Africa. It continued to be used after the territory became an independent country in 1960.
NIJL (River) Dutch
Dutch form of NILE.
NOORWEGEN (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of NORWAY.
OEGANDA (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of UGANDA.
OEZBEKISTAN (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of O'zbekiston (see UZBEKISTAN).
OIRSCHOT (Settlement) Dutch
Possibly from Dutch oeros meaning "aurochs" and schoot meaning "projection (of land)". This is the name of a town in the province of Noord-Brabant in the Netherlands.
OLYMPUS (Mountain) Ancient Roman, English, Dutch
Latinized form of OLYMPOS.
PADUA (Settlement) English, German, Spanish, Dutch
From Italian Padova, Latin Patavium, of unknown meaning. This is the name of a city in northern Italy.
PAKISTAN (Country) Urdu, Punjabi, English, Italian, French, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Polish, Slovak, Russian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Serbian
From Persian پاک (pak) meaning "pure" and the suffix ستان (stan) meaning "land of". The name was coined in 1933 by the Pakistani nationalist Choudhry Rahmat Ali who justified it as an acronym of Punjab, Afghania, Kashmir and Sindh, plus the final three letters of Baluchistan.
PEKING (Settlement) German, Dutch, Luxembourgish, Swedish, Czech, Slovak, Slovene, Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, English (Archaic)
Form of BEIJING in various languages, as well as an older English form.
PERU (Country) English, Portuguese, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Russian, Ukrainian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Slovene, Hungarian, Croatian, Serbian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Turkish, Azerbaijani, Georgian, Indian, Hindi
From Spanish Perú, older Birú, which was possibly derived from the name of a chieftain (who nevertheless resided in modern-day Panama).
PERZIË (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of PERSIA.
PEY (Settlement) Dutch
Meaning unknown. This is the name of a town in Limburg in the Netherlands.
POLEN (Country) German, Dutch, Swedish, Danish, Norwegian
German, Dutch, Swedish, Danish and Norwegian form of POLAND.
PORTUGAL (Country) Portuguese, English, French, Spanish, Galician, Catalan, German, Dutch, Luxembourgish, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Estonian, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Indonesian, Malay
From Portugale, which was derived from PORTUS CALE, the old name of the city of Porto. The name of the city was later applied to the entire country.
PRAAG (Settlement) Dutch
Dutch form of Praha (see PRAGUE).
PRETORIA (Settlement) Southern African, Afrikaans, Dutch, English
From the surname PRETORIUS. This is the name of a city in South Africa, named after the 19th-century Boer leader Andries Pretorius.
ROEMENIË (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of ROMANIA.
ROES (Region) Dutch
Dutch form of RUS.
ROME (Settlement) English, French, Dutch
Meaning uncertain, from Latin Roma. This is the name of the capital city of Italy, formerly the capital of the Roman Kingdom, Republic and Empire. According to legend the city was named for ROMULUS.
ROSSUM (Settlement) Dutch
From the older Rotheheim, derived from Dutch rothe "cleared area in a forest" and heim "home". This is the name of a town in Gelderland in the Netherlands.
RUSLAND (Country) Dutch, Danish
Dutch and Danish cognate of RUSSLAND.
SCHOORL (Settlement) Dutch
From older Scoronlo, meaning "forest by the shore" in Dutch. This is the name of a town in the province of Noord-Holland in the Netherlands.
SCHOTLAND (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of SCOTLAND.
SENEGAL (River & Country) Portuguese, English, Spanish, Italian, German, Swedish, Dutch, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Finnish, Estonian, Russian, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Romanian, Turkish
From Portuguese, possibly from the name of the Berber Zenaga people of northern Senegal. This is the name of a river in western Africa, and a country named after it. It gained independence from France in 1960.
SERVIË (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of SERBIA.
SLOVENIË (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of SLOVENIA.
SLOWAKIJE (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of SLOVAKIA.
SOEDAN (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of SUDAN.
SOMALIË (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of SOMALIA.
SPANJE (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of Hispania (see SPAIN).
STOCKHOLM (Settlement) Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, English, German, Dutch, French
From Swedish stock "log" and holme "islet". The islet probably referred to Helgeandsholmen in central Stockholm. This is the name of the capital city of Sweden. The first written mention of the name occurs in 1252.
SYRIË (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of SYRIA.
TEHERAN (Settlement) German, Dutch, Italian, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Polish, Romanian, Croatian, Serbian
Form of TEHRAN in several languages.
THAILAND (Country) English, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
Combination of THAI and land. This is the name of a country in southeastern Asia, formerly called Siam.
TROJE (Settlement) Dutch
Dutch form of TROY.
TROYES (Settlement) French, English, German, Dutch
The name of a city in France, named in Latin (Augustobona) Tricassium, which was named after the Gallic tribe of the Tricasses.
TSJAAD (Body of Water & Country) Dutch
Dutch form of Arabic تشاد (see CHAD).
TSJECHIË (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of ČECHY, used as a name for the Czech Republic.
TURKIJE (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of Turcia (see TURKEY).
VENEZUELA (Country) Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, French, English, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Estonian, Czech, Slovak, Hungarian, Romanian, Slovene, Croatian, Albanian, Turkish, Indonesian, Malay
Possibly from Italian Veneziola meaning "little VENICE". This is the name of a country on the northern coast of South America. The region was supposedly named this in 1499 by a Spanish expedition (which included Amerigo Vespucci) because an indigenous town on Lake Maracaibo was built on stilts over the water, reminiscent of the Italian city. Another theory suggests that the country's name comes from Veneciuela, the name of a local people.
VIETNAM (Country) English, French, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Estonian, Italian, Spanish, Czech, Slovak, Slovene, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Greek
From Việt Nam, meaning "southern Yue", derived from Sino-Vietnamese (việt), referring to the Yue people, and (nam) meaning "south". This is the name of a country in southeastern Asia.
VLAANDEREN (Region) Dutch
Dutch form of FLANDERS.
WARSCHAU (Settlement) German, Dutch
German and Dutch form of Warszawa (see WARSAW).
WIEREN (Settlement) Dutch
Means "seaweed" in Dutch. This is the name of towns in Frisia and other parts of the Netherlands.
WIT-RUSLAND (Country) Dutch
Means "white Russia", a Dutch calque of BELARUS.
ZAÏRE (River & Country) French, Dutch
French and Dutch form of ZAIRE.
ZEELAND (Political Subdivision & Country) Dutch, English, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish
Dutch form of ZEALAND. Several other languages, including English, use this spelling to refer to the Dutch province (but not the country of New Zealand).
ZWEDEN (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of SWEDEN.
ZWITSERLAND (Country) Dutch
Dutch form of SWITZERLAND.
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