German Place Names

German names are used in Germany and other German-speaking areas such as Austria and Switzerland. See also about German names.
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ACHTERBERG (Settlement) Low German
The name of various villages and estates in the Netherlands and Germany, derived from Low German achter "behind" and berg "mountain, hill".
AFGHANISTAN (Country) Pashto, Arabic, Urdu, Indian, Hindi, English, German, Dutch, French, Italian
From Pashto افغانستان (Afghanistan), from the Persian ethnic name افغان (Afkhan) meaning "Afghan, Pashtun" combined with the Persian suffix ستان (stan) meaning "land of". This is the name of a country in central Asia.
ALBANIEN (Country) German
German form of ALBANIA.
ALGERIEN (Country) German
German form of ALGERIA.
ALGIER (Settlement) German
German form of ALGIERS.
AMERIKA (Region & Country) German, Dutch, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish, Russian, Croatian, Serbian, Hungarian
Form of AMERICA, used to refer to the continents and sometimes to the United States of America.
AMSTERDAM (Settlement) Dutch, English, German, Swedish, Danish, Norwegian, French, Polish
Means "dam on the AMSTEL" in Dutch. This is the name of the capital city of the Netherlands, first mentioned with this name in the 13th century.
ANGELN (Region) German
German form of ANGEL.
ANGOLA (Country) Portuguese, English, Spanish, French, Italian, German, Dutch, Polish, Croatian, Serbian
Portuguese form of Ngola, the royal title of the kings of Ndongo, an African kingdom that was conquered by the Portuguese in the 17th-century. It was a Portuguese colony until 1975, when it became an independent country.
ANTWERPEN (Settlement) Dutch, German, Luxembourgish, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Finnish, Hungarian, Slovene, Croatian, Bosnian
Dutch form of ANTWERP, as well as the form in several other languages.
ARGENTINIEN (Country) German
German form of ARGENTINA.
ARMENIEN (Country) German, Swedish, Danish
German, Swedish and Danish form of ARMENIA.
ASSISI (Settlement) Italian, English, German
From Latin Asisium, which is of unknown, possibly pre-Latin, origin. This is the name of a city in central Italy.
ATHEN (Settlement) German
German form of ATHENS.
ÄTHIOPIEN (Country) German
German form of ETHIOPIA.
AUSTRALIEN (Region & Country) German, Swedish, Danish
German, Swedish and Danish form of AUSTRALIA.
BABYLON (Settlement) English, German, Dutch, Biblical, Ancient Roman, Biblical Latin, Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek
Greek form of Akkadian 𒆍𒀭𒊏𒆠 (Babili), which appears to mean "gateway of God", from Akkadian 𒆍 (babu) meaning "gate" and 𒀭 (ilu) meaning "God", though it may in fact derive from a non-Semitic language. This was the name of a major city in ancient Mesopotamia, the capital of the Babylonian Empire. It was located in present-day Iraq.
BAYERN (Political Subdivision) German
German form of BAVARIA.
BELGIEN (Country) German, Swedish, Danish
German, Swedish and Danish form of BELGIUM.
BELIZE (Country & River) English, Italian, Portuguese, German, Dutch
From Spanish Belice, earlier Balis, from the name of the Belize River, which may itself be from Mayan beliz meaning "muddy water". This is the name of a country on the Atlantic coast of Central America.
BERLIN (Settlement) German, English, French, Polish, Hungarian, Croatian, Serbian
City in Germany, the name of which is of uncertain meaning. It is possibly derived from an Old Slavic stem berl- meaning "swamp".
BETHLEHEM (Settlement) English, German, Dutch, Biblical
Means "house of bread" in Hebrew, from the roots בַּיִת (bayit) meaning "house" and לֶחֶם (lechem) meaning "bread". This is the name of a city in Palestine. It appears in the both the Old Testament and the New Testament, notably as the town where Jesus is born.
BIRMA (Country) German
German form of BURMA.
BÖHMEN (Region) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of BOHEMIA.
BOLIVIEN (Country) German
German form of BOLIVIA.
BOLL (Settlement) German
From Middle High German meaning "hill". This is the name of several towns in Germany.
BOLOGNA (Settlement) Italian, English, German
From Latin Bononia, possibly derived from a Celtic word meaning "settlement". This is the name of a city in northern Italy.
BRASILIEN (Country) German, Swedish, Danish
German, Swedish and Danish form of BRAZIL.
BRETAGNE (Region) French, German
French form of Britannia (see BRITAIN). In French this typically refers to the region known as Brittany in France, while Great Britain is called Grande-Bretagne.
BRITANNIEN (Region) German, Swedish, Danish
German, Swedish and Danish form of BRITAIN.
BUDAPEST (Settlement) Hungarian, English, German, French, Italian, Spanish
Combination of BUDA and PEST, two cities that merged in 1873. This is the name of the capital city of Hungary.
BULGARIEN (Country) German
German form of BULGARIA.
CHINA (Country) English, German, Dutch, Spanish, Portuguese, Romanian, Sanskrit
From Persian چین (Chin), probably derived via Sanskrit चीन (China) from Qin, the name of a dynasty that ruled in China in the 3rd century BC. In China the name Zhongguo is used to refer to the country.
DÄNEMARK (Country) German
German form of DENMARK.
DEUTSCHLAND (Country) German
Derived from the German deutsch meaning "German" (ultimately from Germanic þeudo "people") and Land. This is the German endonym for Germany.
DONAU (River) German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
Form of DANUBE in various languages.
ENGLAND (Country) English, German, Swedish, Danish, Norwegian
From Old English Englaland meaning "land of the Angles", the Angles being one of the Germanic tribes that settled in the area in the post-Roman period.
ESSEN (Settlement) German, English
From older Astnide, possibly a derivative of Old High German asc meaning "ash tree". This is the name of a city in Germany, founded in the 9th century.
ESTLAND (Country) German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
German, Dutch and Scandinavian form of ESTONIA.
FINNLAND (Country) Ancient Scandinavian, German
Old Norse and German form of FINLAND.
FRANKEN (Region) German, Dutch, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish
German form of FRANCONIA.
FRANKREICH (Country) German
Derived from German Frank, the name of a Germanic tribe, and Reich meaning "empire, realm". This is the German name for France.
GENUA (Settlement) Ancient Roman, German, Dutch
Latin, German and Dutch form of GENOA.
GEORGIA (2) (Political Subdivision) English, Spanish, Italian, German
From the given name GEORGE, named in honour of the British king George II. This was the name of an American colony, later a state.
GEORGIEN (Country) German
German form of GEORGIA (1).
GHANA (Country) English, French, German, Dutch, Italian, Spanish, Polish, Czech, Slovak
From the name of the Ghana Empire, which was located in the southwestern Sahara and existed up to the 13th century. Ghana, meaning "warrior" in Mande, was actually the title of the rulers, while the empire itself was more properly known as Awkar. In 1957 this was adopted as the name of the newly independent country of Ghana, formerly the British colony Gold Coast, despite the fact that the country lies outside the empire's territory.
GUINEA (Region, Country & Island) English, Italian, Spanish, German
From Portuguese Guiné, which is of unknown meaning, possibly of Berber origin. This name was used by the Portuguese to refer to a portion of western Africa. It was also applied by westerners to the island of New Guinea starting in the 16th century. It is now the name or part of the name of the countries of Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Equatorial Guinea and Papua New Guinea.
HOLLAND (1) (Political Subdivision & Country) Dutch, English, German
From Old Dutch holt "forest" and lant "land". This is the name of two provinces (North and South Holland) in the Netherlands. It is sometimes used to refer to the entire country of the Netherlands.
HOLSTEEN (Political Subdivision & Region) Low German
Low German form of HOLSTEIN.
HOLSTEIN (Political Subdivision & Region) German, English, Dutch
From the name of a Saxon tribe, derived from Old Saxon holt meaning "wood" and sat meaning "inhabitant". This is the name of a historical region in Germany, near the Danish border. It forms part of the name of the modern German state of Schleswig-Holstein.
HOROWITZ (Settlement) German
German form of HOŘOVICE.
INDIEN (Country) German, Swedish, Danish
German, Swedish and Danish form of INDIA.
INDONESIEN (Country) German
German form of INDONESIA.
IRAN (Country) Persian, Arabic, English, French, German, Italian, Croatian, Serbian
Derived from Middle Persian Eran, related to Old Iranian Arya meaning "Iranian, Aryan". This is the name of a country in western Asia, formerly called Persia in the West.
ITALIEN (Country) German, Swedish, Danish
German, Swedish and Danish form of Italia (see ITALY).
JAPAN (Country) English, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Croatian, Serbian
From Portuguese Japão, which was derived from a Malay form of Riben, the Chinese reading of NIPPON.
JERUSALEM (Settlement) English, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Luxembourgish, Southern African, Afrikaans, Catalan, Bosnian, Biblical
From Hebrew יְרוּשָׁלַיִם (Yerushalayim), from an earlier Canaanite form like Urushalim, probably meaning "established by (the god) SHALIM". This is the name of a city in Israel and Palestine. Originally a Canaanite city, it was conquered by the Israelites under King David at the beginning of the 10th century BC. It is now regarded as a holy city by Jews, Christians and Muslims.
JORDAN (River & Country) English, Danish, Norwegian, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Macedonian, German, Swedish, Finnish, Estonian, Polish, Slovene, Biblical
River that flows between the countries of Jordan and Israel. The river's name in Hebrew is יַרְדֵן (Yarden), and it is derived from יָרַד (yarad) meaning "descend" or "flow down". The river has lent its name to the country to the east (in German, Swedish, Finnish, Estonian, Polish and Slovene this is only the name of the river, with the name of the country taking a different form).
JORDANIEN (Country) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of JORDAN (the country).
KASACHSTAN (Country) German
German form of KAZAKHSTAN.
KENIA (Country & Mountain) German, Dutch, Finnish, Italian, Spanish, Polish
Form of KENYA.
KÖLN (Settlement) German
German form of COLOGNE.
KOLUMBIEN (Country & Political Subdivision) German
German form of COLOMBIA and sometimes of COLUMBIA (for example Britisch-Kolumbien for British Columbia).
KOREA (Country) English, German, Dutch, Finnish, Czech
From medieval Latin Corea, itself derived from GORYEO, the name of a kingdom that ruled most of the Korean Peninsula from the 10th to 14th centuries. This is the name of two countries, North and South Korea. Hanguk and Joseon are the Korean names for the countries.
KRAKAU (Settlement) German, Dutch
German and Dutch form of KRAKÓW.
KROATIEN (Country) German, Swedish, Danish
German, Swedish and Danish form of CROATIA.
KURDISTAN (Region) Kurdish, Arabic, English, French, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Russian
From Kurdish کوردستان (Kurdistan), from the Persian ethnic name کرد (Kord) meaning "Kurd" combined with the Persian suffix ستان (stan) meaning "land of". This is the name of the region in the midst of Iran, Iraq and Turkey that is primarily inhabited by the Kurdish people.
LANDAU (Settlement) German
From Old High German lant meaning "land" and auwa meaning "damp valley". This is the name of a town in the Palatinate region of Germany.
LEITZKAU (Settlement) German
Possibly of Slavic origin. This is the name of a town in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
LITAUEN (Country) German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
German and Scandinavian form of LIETUVA.
LONDON (Settlement) English, German, Danish, Swedish, Norwegian, Russian, Croatian, Serbian, Slovene
From Latin Londinium, of unknown meaning. This is the capital city of the United Kingdom.
LOTHRINGEN (Political Subdivision) German
German form of LORRAINE.
LYON (Settlement) French, English, German
From Latin Lugdunum, derived from the name of the Celtic god LUGUS combined with Gaulish dunon meaning "hill fort, citadel". This is the name of a city in central France.
MARKEN (Political Subdivision) German
German form of MARCHE.
MAROKKO (Country) German, Dutch, Danish, Norwegian, Finnish
German, Danish and Norwegian form of MOROCCO.
MARRAKESCH (Settlement) German
German form of MARRAKESH.
MEDINA (Settlement) English, Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, German, Dutch, Croatian, Serbian
Form of Arabic المدينة (al-Madinah) meaning "the city". This is the name of a city in Saudi Arabia, considered a holy site in Islam because the Prophet Muhammad was based there for a period.
MEIßEN (Settlement) German
Probably of Slavic origin. This is the name of a town in eastern Germany.
MEISSEN (Settlement) German, English, French
Form of MEIßEN.
MEXIKO (Country & Settlement) German
German form of MEXICO.
MONGOLEI (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) German
German form of MONGOLIA.
MOSAMBIK (Island & Country) German
German form of MOZAMBIQUE.
MYANMAR (Country) English, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, German, French, Indian, Hindi
From Burmese မြန်မာ (Myanma), the name of the main Burmese ethnic group (also called the Bamar), which is of unknown origin. This is the name of a country in southeastern Asia. It was formerly called Burma, derived from a variant of this term.
NAZARET (Settlement) Spanish, Italian, German, Greek, Armenian, Croatian, Serbian, Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek
Form of NAZARETH in various languages.
NEPAL (Country) Nepali, Indian, Hindi, English, German, Dutch, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Polish, Sanskrit
From Sanskrit नेपाल (Nepal), of unknown meaning. This is the name of a landlocked country in south Asia.
NIEDERLANDE (Country) German
German cognate of NETHERLANDS. It is usually referred to using the definite article, die.
NIGER (River & Country) English, French, Italian, German, Dutch, Swedish, Croatian, Serbian, Late Roman
Meaning unknown, possibly of Berber origin, though influenced by Latin niger "black". This is the name of a river in western Africa (and a country that is named after it).
NIGERIA (Country) English, French, Italian, Spanish, German
From the name of the NIGER River, applied in the 19th century to the British colonial territory in western Africa. It continued to be used after the territory became an independent country in 1960.
NIL (River) Arabic, French, German, Luxembourgish, Catalan, Czech, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Azerbaijani
Form of NILE in various languages. In Arabic it is properly written with the definite article: النيل (al-Nil).
NINIVE (Settlement) French, Italian, German
French, Italian and German form of NINEVEH.
NORWEGEN (Country) German
German cognate of NORWAY.
OCHTRUP (Settlement) German
The name of a town in Germany, of uncertain meaning.
PADUA (Settlement) English, German, Spanish, Dutch
From Italian Padova, Latin Patavium, of unknown meaning. This is the name of a city in northern Italy.
PAKISTAN (Country) Urdu, Punjabi, English, Italian, French, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Polish, Slovak, Russian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Serbian
From Persian پاک (pak) meaning "pure" and the suffix ستان (stan) meaning "land of". The name was coined in 1933 by the Pakistani nationalist Choudhry Rahmat Ali who justified it as an acronym of Punjab, Afghania, Kashmir and Sindh, plus the final three letters of Baluchistan.
PARIS (Settlement) French, English, German
From the ancient Celtic tribe known as the Parisii. This is the capital city of France.
PEKING (Settlement) German, Dutch, Luxembourgish, Swedish, Czech, Slovak, Slovene, Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, English (Archaic)
Form of BEIJING in various languages, as well as an older English form.
PENZIG (Settlement) German
German form of PIEŃSK.
PERSIEN (Country) German
German form of PERSIA.
PERU (Country) English, Portuguese, German, Dutch
From Spanish Perú, older Birú, which was possibly derived from the name of a chieftain (who nevertheless resided in modern-day Panama).
POLEN (Country) German, Dutch, Swedish, Danish, Norwegian
German, Dutch, Swedish, Danish and Norwegian form of POLAND.
PORTUGAL (Country) Portuguese, English, French, Spanish, Galician, Catalan, German, Dutch, Luxembourgish, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Estonian, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian
From Portugale, which was derived from PORTUS CALE, the old name of the city of Porto. The name of the city was later applied to the entire country.
PRAG (Settlement) German, Swedish, Danish, Icelandic, Luxembourgish, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Turkish
German, Swedish, Danish, Icelandic, Luxembourgish, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian and Turkish form of Praha (see PRAGUE).
PROVENCE (Region) French, English, German
From Latin provincia meaning "province", a Roman territorial division. This is the name a region in southern France, originally acquiring its name because it was the first Roman province beyond the Alps.
ROM (Settlement) German
German form of ROME.
ROMAGNA (Region & Political Subdivision) Italian, English, German
From Latin ROMANIA, in this case the name of a historic region on the Adriatic coast of Italy (part of the modern administrative region of Emilia-Romagna).
RUMÄNIEN (Country) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of ROMANIA.
RUS (Region) Russian, Ukrainian, English, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
Possibly of Old Norse origin meaning "rowers". This was the name of a medieval Slavic state of eastern Europe.
RUSSLAND (Country) German, Norwegian
Derived from the medieval state of RUS and land meaning "country, state". This is the German and Norwegian name for Russia.
SACHSEN (Region & Political Subdivision) German
German form of SAXONY.
SAMARA (Settlement & River) Russian, English, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, French, German
Meaning unknown, possibly of Kyrgyz origin. This is the name of a city in Russia, founded in the 16th century, as well as the river on which it is situated.
SAMARRA (Settlement) Arabic, English, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, French, German
This is the name of a city in Iraq, the capital of the Abbasid Caliphate in the 9th century. It was possibly built at the site of the ancient Assyrian city of Surmarrati, which is of uncertain meaning.
SCHLESIEN (Region) German
German form of SILESIA.
SCHWEDEN (Country) German
German form of SWEDEN.
SCHWEIZ (Country) German, Swedish
From the name of the town and canton of SCHWYZ. This is the German and Swedish name of Switzerland.
SCHWYZ (Settlement & Political Subdivision) German, English, Spanish
Meaning uncertain, possibly related to Old High German suedan "to burn" or possibly of Celtic origin. This is the name of a town (and a canton named for it) in central Switzerland.
SEELAND (Political Subdivision & Country) German
German form of ZEALAND.
SENEGAL (River & Country) Portuguese, English, Spanish, Italian, German, Croatian, Serbian
From Portuguese, possibly from the name of the Berber Zenaga people of northern Senegal. This is the name of a river in western Africa, and a country named after it. It gained independence from France in 1960.
SERBIEN (Country) German
German form of SERBIA.
SLOWAKEI (Country) German
German form of SLOVAKIA.
SLOWENIEN (Country) German
German form of SLOVENIA.
SOMALIA (Country) English, Italian, Spanish, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Polish
From the ethnic name Somali, of uncertain meaning. The Somali people connect it to their mythical ancestor Samaale. Italian and British colonists applied the ethnic name to the Horn of Africa region in the 19th century. It became an independent country in 1960.
SPANIEN (Country) German, Swedish, Danish
German, Swedish and Danish form of Hispania (see SPAIN).
STOCKHOLM (Settlement) Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, English, German, Dutch, French
From Swedish stock "log" and holme "islet". The islet probably referred to Helgeandsholmen in central Stockholm. This is the name of the capital city of Sweden. The first written mention of the name occurs in 1252.
SUDAN (Country) English, Arabic, German, Italian
From Arabic سُود (sud) meaning "black", referring to the darker skin of the inhabitants. This is the name of a country in Africa. In Arabic it is properly written with the definite article: السُودان (al-Sudan).
SYRIEN (Country) German
German form of SYRIA.
TEHERAN (Settlement) German, Dutch, Italian, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Polish, Romanian, Croatian, Serbian
Form of TEHRAN in several languages.
THAILAND (Country) English, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
Combination of THAI and land. This is the name of a country in southeastern Asia, formerly called Siam.
TSCHAD (Body of Water & Country) German
German form of CHAD.
TSCHECHIEN (Country) German
German form of ČECHY, used as a name for the Czech Republic.
TSCHECHOSLOWAKEI (Country) German
German form of CZECHOSLOVAKIA.
TÜRKEI (Country) German
German form of Turcia (see TURKEY).
UNGARN (Country) German
German form of HUNGARY.
URAL (Region & River) Russian, English, German, Turkish, Bashkir
Meaning unknown, possibly from Turkic aral meaning "island, boundary". This is the name of a mountain range and a river in western Russia.
VALENCIA (Settlement & Region) Spanish, Italian, English, German
The name of a city and surrounding region in eastern Spain, originally named in Latin Valentia (Edetanorum) meaning "strength (of the Edetani people)", and derived from Latin valentius "strength, vigour", from valens "strong, vigorous". Besides the city in Spain, this is also the name of a city in Venezuala.
VIETNAM (Country) English, French, German, Dutch, Italian, Spanish
From Việt Nam, meaning "southern Yue", derived from Sino-Vietnamese (việt), referring to the Yue people, and (nam) meaning "south". This is the name of a country in southeastern Asia.
WARSCHAU (Settlement) German, Dutch
German and Dutch form of Warszawa (see WARSAW).
WEIßRUSSLAND (Country) German
Means "white Russia", a German calque of BELARUS.
ZYPERN (Island & Country) German
German form of CYPRUS.