French Place Names

French names are used in France and other French-speaking regions. See also about French names.
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ALBANIE   (Country)   French
French form of ALBANIA.
ALLEMAGNE   (Country)   French
French form of ALEMANNIA, used as the French name of Germany.
AMSTERDAM   (Settlement)   Dutch, English, German, Swedish, Danish, Norwegian, French, Polish
Means "dam on the AMSTEL" in Dutch. This is the name of the capital city of the Netherlands, first mentioned with this name in the 13th century.
ANGLETERRE   (Country)   French
French form of ANGLAE TERRA, used as the French name of England.
ANVERS   (Settlement)   French
French form of ANTWERP.
ASSISE   (Settlement)   French
French form of ASSISI.
AUBIGNY   (Settlement)   French
From the Gallo-Roman given name ALBINUS. This is the name of several French communes.
AUSTRALIE   (Region & Country)   French
French form of AUSTRALIA.
BABYLONE   (Settlement)   French
French form of BABYLON.
BERLIN   (Settlement)   German, English, French, Polish, Hungarian, Croatian, Serbian
City in Germany, the name of which is of uncertain meaning. It is possibly derived from an Old Slavic stem berl- meaning swamp.
BOHÊME   (Region)   French
French form of BOHEMIA.
BOHON   (Settlement)   French
Meaning unknown. This is the name of a town in Manche, France.
BOLIVIE   (Country)   French
French form of BOLIVIA.
BOLOGNE   (Settlement)   French
French form of BOLOGNA.
BREIZH   (Region)   Breton
Breton form of BRITAIN and BRITTANY. Great Britain is called Breizh-Veur in Breton.
BRÉSIL   (Country)   French
French form of BRAZIL.
BRETAGNE   (Region)   French, German
French form of Britannia (see BRITAIN). In French this typically refers to the region known as Brittany in France, while Great Britain is called Grande-Bretagne.
BUDAPEST   (Settlement)   Hungarian, English, German, French, Italian, Spanish
Combination of BUDA and PEST, two cities that merged in 1873. This is the name of the capital city of Hungary.
BULGARIE   (Country)   French
French form of BULGARIA.
CANADA   (Country)   English, French, Italian, Dutch, Danish, Norwegian
Derived from the Iroquoian word kanata meaning "village". This word was used by Native Americans to direct French explorer Jacques Cartier to Stadacona. Cartier used the word to refer to the region.
CASTILLE   (Region)   French
French form of CASTILE.
CATALOGNE   (Region)   French
French form of CATALONIA.
CHINE   (Country)   French
French form of CHINA.
COLOGNE   (Settlement)   French, English
French form of Latin Colonia, shortened from Colonia Agrippina meaning "colony of Agrippina", named after the wife of Emperor Claudius. This is the name of a city in western Germany.
CONGO   (River & Country)   English, French, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Danish
From Kongo, of uncertain origin, the name of a kingdom in central Africa that existed from the 14th to 19th century. The Congo River (also called the Zaire River) was named after the kingdom. Belgian and French colonies were established in the 19th century, named after the river, which eventually led to two African countries, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (formerly Zaire) and the Republic of the Congo.
CORÉE   (Country)   French
French form of KOREA.
COURTENAY   (Settlement)   French
From the Gallo-Roman given name Curtenus, derived from Latin curtus "short". This is the name of a few French communes.
CROATIE   (Country)   French
French form of CROATIA.
CUINCHY   (Settlement)   French
From older Quintiacum, derived from the personal name QUINTIUS plus the local suffix -acum. This is the name of a village in France.
DANEMARK   (Country)   French
French form of DENMARK.
ESPAGNE   (Country)   French
French form of Hispania (see SPAIN).
ETHIOPIÉ   (Country)   French
French form of ETHIOPIA.
FINLANDE   (Country)   French
French form of FINLAND.
FLANDRE   (Region)   French
French form of FLANDERS.
FRANCE   (Country)   French, English
From Latin Francia meaning "land of the Franks". The Franks were the Germanic tribe who settled in the region in the 3rd century. They derived their tribal name from the name of a type of spear that they used.
GRAINVILLE   (Settlement)   French
Means "GUARIN's town" in Old French. This is the name of various towns in Normandy.
HONGRIE   (Country)   French
French form of HUNGARY.
INDE   (Country)   French
French form of INDIA.
IRAN   (Country)   Persian, Arabic, English, French, German, Italian, Croatian, Serbian
Derived from Middle Persian Eran, related to Old Iranian Arya meaning "Iranian, Aryan". This is the name of a country in western Asia, formerly called Persia in the West.
ITALIE   (Country)   French
French form of ITALY.
JAPON   (Country)   French
French form of JAPAN.
JORDANIE   (Country)   French
French form of JORDAN (the country).
JOURDAIN   (River)   French
French form of JORDAN (the river).
KAZAKHSTAN   (Country)   English, Russian, French
From Kazakh Қазақстан (Qazaqstan), from the ethnic name қазақ (qazaq), which is probably of Turkic origin, combined with the Persian suffix ستان (stan) meaning "land of". This is the name of a country in central Asia.
KENYA   (Country & Mountain)   English, Eastern African, Kikuyu, Swahili, French, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
The country is named for Mount Kenya, which in the Kikuyu language is called Kĩrĩnyaga meaning "the one having stripes".
LASSY   (Settlement)   French
Derived from Lascius, a Gallo-Roman name of unknown meaning. This is the name of a commune in Calvados, France.
LONDRES   (Settlement)   French, Spanish, Portuguese
French, Spanish and Portuguese form of LONDON.
LORRAINE   (Political Subdivision)   French, English
Ultimately from Latin Lothari regnum meaning "kingdom of LOTHAR". Lothar was a Frankish king, the great-grandson of Charlemagne, whose realm was in the part of France now called Lorraine, or in German Lothringen.
MALLEVILLE   (Settlement)   French
Means "bad town" in Norman French. This is the name of communes in Normandy, France.
MASSY   (Settlement)   French
Derived from Maccius, a Gallo-Roman name of unknown meaning. This is the name of several communes in France.
MAYLIS   (Settlement)   French
Possibly derived from Occitan mair "mother" and French lys "lily". This is the name of a commune in southern France.
MEXICO   (Country & Settlement)   English, French
From Spanish México, itself derived from Nahuatl Mehxico. There are many theories regarding the ultimate origin, including Nahuatl metztli meaning "moon" combined with xictli meaning "navel". This is the name of a country in North America, as well as its capital city (the country is named after the city). In French Mexico is the name of the capital city, while the country is called Mexique.
MEXIQUE   (Country)   French
French form of MEXICO (referring only to the country, not the capital city).
MILAN   (Settlement)   English, French
From Latin Mediolanum, perhaps derived from Celtic elements meaning "middle of the plain". This is the name of a major city in Italy.
MONTGOMERY   (Settlement)   French
Means "GUMARICH's mountain" in Norman French. This is the name of communes in Calvados, France.
NAZARETH   (Settlement)   English, French, Biblical, Biblical Latin
Possibly means "branch" in Hebrew. This is the name of a town in Galilee in Israel. It was the home town of Jesus.
NÉPAL   (Country)   French
French form of NEPAL.
NIGER   (River & Country)   English, French, Italian, German, Dutch, Swedish, Croatian, Serbian, Late Roman
Meaning unknown, possibly of Berber origin, though influenced by Latin niger "black". This is the name of a river in western Africa (and a country which is named after it).
NIGERIA   (Country)   English, French, Italian, Spanish, German
From the name of the NIGER River, applied in the 19th century to the British colonial territory in western Africa. It continued to be used after the territory became an independent country in 1960.
NIL   (River)   French, German
French and German form of Nilus (see NILE).
PAKISTAN   (Country)   Urdu, Punjabi, English, Italian, French, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Polish, Slovak, Russian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Serbian
From Persian پاک (pak) meaning "pure" and the suffix ستان (stan) meaning "land of". The name was coined in 1933 by the Pakistani nationalist Choudhry Rahmat Ali who justified it as an acronym of Punjab, Afghania, Kashmir and Sindh, plus the final three letters of Baluchistan.
PARIS   (Settlement)   French, English
From the ancient Celtic tribe known as the Parisii. This is the capital city of France.
PÉKIN   (Settlement)   French
French form of BEIJING.
PERSE   (Country)   French
French form of PERSIA.
POLOGNE   (Country)   French
French form of POLAND.
PORTUGAL   (Country)   Portuguese, English, French, Spanish, Galician, Catalan, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Croatian, Serbian
From Portugale, which was derived from PORTUS CALE, the old name of the city of Porto. The name of the city was later applied to the entire country.
QUÉBEC   (Settlement & Political Subdivision)   French
French form of QUEBEC.
ROME   (Settlement)   English, French
Meaning uncertain, from Latin Roma. This is the name of the capital city of Italy. According to legend the city was named for ROMULUS.
SAINT CLAIR   (Settlement)   French
Name commemorating Saint CLAIR. This is the name of several communes in France.
SAINT DENIS   (Settlement)   French
Name commemorating Saint DENIS. This is the name of several communes in France.
SAINT MAUR   (Settlement)   French
Name commemorating Saint MAURUS. This is the name of several communes in France.
SLOVAQUIE   (Country)   French
French form of SLOVAKIA.
SLOVÉNIE   (Country)   French
French form of SLOVENIA.
STOCKHOLM   (Settlement)   Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, English, German, Dutch, French
From Swedish stock "log" and holme "islet". The islet probably referred to Helgeandsholmen in central Stockholm. This is the name of the capital city of Sweden. The first written mention of the name occurs in 1252.
SUÈDE   (Country)   French
French form of SWEDEN.
TCHAD   (Body of Water & Country)   French
French form of CHAD.
TCHÉCOSLOVAQUIE   (Country)   French
French form of CZECHOSLOVAKIA.
TCHÉQUIE   (Country)   French
French form of ČECHY, used as a name for the Czech Republic.
TÉHÉRAN   (Settlement)   French
French form of TEHRAN.
TOKYO   (Settlement)   Japanese, English, French
From Japanese (tou) meaning "east" and (kyou) meaning "capital city". This is the name of the capital of Japan.
TRACY   (Settlement)   French
Derived from the given name THRACIUS. This is the name of communes in Calvados, France.
TURQUIE   (Country)   French
French form of Turcia (see TURKEY).
VALENCE   (Settlement & Region)   French
French form of VALENCIA.
VÉRONE   (Settlement)   French
French form of VERONA.
VIETNAM   (Country)   English, French, German, Dutch, Italian, Spanish
From Việt Nam, meaning "southern Yue", derived from Sino-Vietnamese (việt), referring to the Yue people, and (nam) "south". This is the name of a country in southeastern Asia.
ZAIRË   (River & Country)   French
French form of ZAIRE.
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