Polish Place Names

Polish names are used in the country of Poland in central Europe. See also about Polish names.
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ALBANIA (Region & Country) Late Roman, English, Spanish, Italian, Norwegian, Finnish, Polish, Indonesian, Malay
Medieval Latin name for the region that was once occupied by the Illyrian tribe called Albanoi. This is the name of a country in the Balkans.
AMERYKA (Region & Country) Polish, Ukrainian
Polish and Ukrainian form of AMERICA, used to refer to the continents and the United States of America.
AMSTERDAM (Settlement) Dutch, English, German, Swedish, Danish, Norwegian, French, Polish
Means "dam on the AMSTEL" in Dutch. This is the name of the capital city of the Netherlands, first mentioned with this name in the 13th century.
ANGLIA (Country & Region) Late Roman, Polish, Hungarian, Romanian, Greek
Late Latin form of ENGLAND (and also of ANGEL).
ANGOLA (Country) Portuguese, English, Spanish, French, Italian, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Estonian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Russian, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Hungarian, Romanian, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Albanian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Turkish, Georgian
Portuguese form of Ngola, the royal title of the kings of Ndongo, an African kingdom that was conquered by the Portuguese in the 17th-century. It was a Portuguese colony until 1975, when it became an independent country.
ARGENTYNA (Country) Polish
Polish form of ARGENTINA.
ARMENIA (Country) English, Spanish, Italian, Romanian, Polish, Greek, Norwegian, Finnish, Indonesian, Malay, Ancient Roman, Ancient Greek, Ancient Persian
From Greek Ἀρμενία (Armenia), which was from Old Persian Armina, which is itself probably of Armenia origin. This is the name of a country in the Caucasus region, called Hayastan in Armenian.
AUSTRALIA (Region & Country) English, Italian, Spanish, Norwegian, Finnish, Polish, Indonesian, Malay
Derived from Latin australis meaning "southern". It was formally adopted as the name of the continent (and later country) by the British administrators of the region in 1824.
BELGIA (Country) Finnish, Romanian, Norwegian, Polish, Georgian, Indonesian
Finnish, Romanian, Norwegian, Polish, Georgian and Indonesian form of BELGIUM.
BELIZE (Country & River) English, Italian, Portuguese, French, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Estonian, Polish, Hungarian, Romanian, Czech, Slovak, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Macedonian
From Spanish Belice, earlier Balis, from the name of the Belize River, which may itself be from Mayan beliz meaning "muddy water". This is the name of a country on the Atlantic coast of Central America.
BENIN (Settlement, Body of Water & Country) English, Italian, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Estonian, Russian, Ukrainian, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Hungarian, Slovene, Serbian, Croatian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Romanian, Indonesian, Malay
From Portuguese Benim, derived from Itsekiri Ubinu, the name of the capital city of the historical Benin Kingdom (present-day Benin City in Nigeria). Allegedly it was initially named Ile-Ibinu meaning "land of anger" because of disputes between different factions. The Bight of Benin (a large bay) was named after the Benin Kingdom, and the modern country of Benin, west of Nigeria, was named after the bay in 1975 (formerly named Dahomey).
BERLIN (Settlement) German, English, French, Polish, Hungarian, Croatian, Serbian
City in Germany, the name of which is of uncertain meaning. It is possibly derived from an Old Slavic stem berl- meaning "swamp".
BIAŁORUŚ (Country) Polish
Polish form of BELARUS.
BRAZYLIA (Country) Polish
Polish form of BRAZIL.
CHINY (Country) Polish
Polish form of CHINA.
CZAD (Body of Water & Country) Polish
Polish form of CHAD.
CZAJKÓW (Settlement) Polish
Derived from Polish czajka meaning "lapwing (bird)". This is the name of several towns in Poland.
CZECHY (Region & Country) Polish
Polish form of ČECHY, used to refer both to the region of Bohemia and the larger Czech Republic.
DUNAJ (River) Polish, Czech, Slovak
Polish, Czech and Slovak form of DANUBE.
EGIPT (Country) Polish
Polish form of EGYPT.
ETIOPIA (Country) Italian, Polish, Norwegian
Italian, Polish and Norwegian form of Aethiopia (see ETHIOPIA).
FILIPÓW (Settlement) Polish
Derived from the given name FILIP. This is the name of a town in Poland.
FINLANDIA (Country) Spanish, Italian, Polish, Greek, Indonesian
Spanish, Italian, Polish, Greek and Indonesian form of Finnland (see FINLAND).
FRANCJA (Country) Polish
Polish form of FRANCE.
GHANA (Country) English, French, German, Dutch, Italian, Spanish, Polish, Czech, Slovak
From the name of the Ghana Empire, which was located in the southwestern Sahara and existed up to the 13th century. Ghana, meaning "warrior" in Mande, was actually the title of the rulers, while the empire itself was more properly known as Awkar. In 1957 this was adopted as the name of the newly independent country of Ghana, formerly the British colony Gold Coast, despite the fact that the country lies outside the empire's territory.
GÓRKA (Settlement) Polish
From Polish góra meaning "mountain". This is the name of various towns in Poland.
HISZPANIA (Country) Polish
Polish form of Hispania (see SPAIN).
HOLANDIA (Country) Polish
Polish form of HOLLAND (1), referring to the entire country of the Netherlands.
INDIE (Country) Polish, Czech
Polish and Czech form of INDIA.
IRAN (Country) Persian, Arabic, English, French, Italian, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Romanian, Russian, Ukrainian, Polish, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Greek, Indonesian, Malay, Japanese, Korean
Derived from Middle Persian Eran, related to Old Iranian Arya meaning "Iranian, Aryan". This is the name of a country in western Asia, formerly called Persia in the West.
IRLANDIA (Country & Island) Polish, Greek, Georgian, Indonesian
Polish, Greek, Georgian and Indonesian form of IRELAND.
JANKÓW (Settlement) Polish
From the given name JANEK. This is the name of several Polish towns.
JANKOWO (Settlement) Polish
From the given name JANEK. This is the name of several towns in Poland.
JANÓW (Settlement) Polish
From the given name JAN (1). This is the name of several towns in Poland.
JANOWICE (Settlement) Polish
From the given name JAN (1). This is the name of a number of towns in Poland.
JANOWO (Settlement) Polish
From the given name JAN (1). This is the name of several towns in Poland.
JAPONIA (Country) Polish, Romanian, Albanian
Polish, Romanian and Albanian form of Japão (see JAPAN).
JASKÓŁKI (Settlement) Polish
Derived from Polish jaskółka meaning "swallow (bird)". This is the name of multiple Polish towns.
JEROZOLIMA (Settlement) Polish
Polish form of JERUSALEM.
JORDAN (River & Country) English, Danish, Norwegian, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Macedonian, German, Swedish, Finnish, Estonian, Polish, Slovene, Biblical
River that flows between the countries of Jordan and Israel. The river's name in Hebrew is יַרְדֵן (Yarden), and it is derived from יָרַד (yarad) meaning "descend" or "flow down". The river has lent its name to the country to the east (in German, Swedish, Finnish, Estonian, Polish and Slovene this is only the name of the river, with the name of the country taking a different form).
JORDANIA (Country) Finnish, Polish
Finnish and Polish form of JORDAN (the country).
KARPATY (Region) Polish, Slovak, Czech
Polish, Slovak and Czech form of CARPATHIANS.
KAZACHSTAN (Country) Dutch, Polish, Slovak
Dutch, Polish and Slovak form of Kazakh Қазақстан (see KAZAKHSTAN).
KENIA (Country & Mountain) German, Dutch, Finnish, Spanish, Polish, Italian
Form of KENYA in several languages, as well as an Italian variant.
KIRGISTAN (Country) Polish, Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Macedonian, Icelandic, German
Form of KYRGYZSTAN in several languages, as well as a German variant.
KOZŁÓW (Settlement) Polish
From Polish kozioł meaning "male goat". This is the name of several Polish towns.
KOZŁOWO (Settlement) Polish
From Polish kozioł meaning "male goat". This is the name of several towns in Poland.
KRAKÓW (Settlement) Polish
From the name of the city's legendary founder Krak, of uncertain meaning. This is a city in southern Poland.
LIBERIA (Country) English, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Italian, Spanish, Polish
Derived from Latin liber meaning "free". This was the name of a colony established in western Africa by free African Americans in the 1820s. It declared its independence in 1847, and was one of only two independent countries in Africa in the early 20th century (along with Ethiopia).
LITWA (Country) Polish
Polish form of Lietuva (see LITHUANIA).
LONDYN (Settlement) Polish
Polish form of LONDON.
MEDYNA (Settlement) Polish
Polish form of MEDINA.
MEKSYK (Country & Settlement) Polish
Polish form of MEXICO.
NEPAL (Country) Nepali, Indian, Hindi, English, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Finnish, Estonian, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Russian, Ukrainian, Polish, Romanian, Slovene, Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Macedonian, Bulgarian, Greek, Turkish, Azerbaijani, Indonesian, Malay, Sanskrit
From Sanskrit नेपाल (Nepal), of unknown meaning. This is the name of a landlocked country in south Asia.
NIEMCY (Country) Polish
From Slavic němici meaning "mute, not able to speak", extended to mean "foreigner, German". This is the Polish name of Germany.
NIGERIA (Country) English, French, Italian, Spanish, German, Dutch, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish, Finnish, Polish, Romanian, Albanian, Georgian
From the name of the NIGER River, applied in the 19th century to the British colonial territory in western Africa. It continued to be used after the territory became an independent country in 1960.
NIL (River) Arabic, French, German, Luxembourgish, Catalan, Czech, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Azerbaijani
Form of NILE in various languages. In Arabic it is properly written with the definite article: النيل (al-Nil).
PAKISTAN (Country) Urdu, Punjabi, English, Italian, French, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Polish, Slovak, Russian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Serbian
From Persian پاک (pak) meaning "pure" and the suffix ستان (stan) meaning "land of". The name was coined in 1933 by the Pakistani nationalist Choudhry Rahmat Ali who justified it as an acronym of Punjab, Afghania, Kashmir and Sindh, plus the final three letters of Baluchistan.
PERU (Country) English, Portuguese, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Russian, Ukrainian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Slovene, Hungarian, Croatian, Serbian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Turkish, Azerbaijani, Georgian, Indian, Hindi
From Spanish Perú, older Birú, which was possibly derived from the name of a chieftain (who nevertheless resided in modern-day Panama).
PIEŃSK (Settlement) Polish
Derived from Polish pień meaning "stump, tree trunk". This is the name of a town in Silesia in Poland.
POLSKA (Country) Polish, Macedonian
Polish (and Macedonian) form of POLAND.
PRAGA (Settlement) Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Romanian, Polish, Slovene, Russian, Bulgarian, Greek
Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Romanian, Polish, Slovene, Russian, Bulgarian and Greek form of Praha (see PRAGUE).
ROSJA (Country) Polish
Polish form of RUSSIA.
RUDAWA (River) Polish
Meaning unknown. This is the name of a river in Poland, near Krakow.
RUŚ (Region) Polish
Polish form of RUS.
SENEGAL (River & Country) Portuguese, English, Spanish, Italian, German, Swedish, Dutch, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Finnish, Estonian, Russian, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Romanian, Turkish
From Portuguese, possibly from the name of the Berber Zenaga people of northern Senegal. This is the name of a river in western Africa, and a country named after it. It gained independence from France in 1960.
SERBIA (Country) English, Romanian, Italian, Spanish, Polish, Norwegian, Finnish
From Serbian Србија (Srbija), of uncertain meaning. This is the name of a Balkan country in southeastern Europe.
ŚLĄSK (Region) Polish
Polish form of SILESIA.
ŚLĘŻA (Mountain) Polish
Possibly named after the Germanic tribe the Silingi or from a Slavic root meaning "humid, damp". This is the name of a mountain in Silesia, Poland.
ŚLĘZA (River) Polish
Variant of ŚLĘŻA. This is the name of a river in Silesia, Poland.
SŁOWACJA (Country) Polish
Polish form of SLOVAKIA.
SOMALIA (Country) English, Italian, Spanish, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Polish, Romanian, Greek, Albanian
From the ethnic name Somali, of uncertain meaning. The Somali people connect it to their mythical ancestor Samaale. Italian and British colonists applied the ethnic name to the Horn of Africa region in the 19th century. It became an independent country in 1960.
SUDAN (Country) English, Arabic, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Italian, Russian, Ukrainian, Polish, Slovene, Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Romanian, Turkish, Azerbaijani, Indonesian, Malay, Chinese
From Arabic سُود (sud) meaning "black", referring to the darker skin of the inhabitants. This is the name of a country in Africa. In Arabic it is properly written with the definite article: السُودان (al-Sudan).
SYRIA (Country & Region) English, Polish, Norwegian, Greek, Ancient Roman, Ancient Greek
From Greek Συρία (Syria), which was probably a variant of ASSYRIA, used in an expanded sense to refer to the northern Levant. This was the name of a province of the Roman Empire. It is now the name of a country in western Asia, having gained independence from the Ottoman Empire early in the 20th century.
SZKOCJA (Country) Polish
Polish form of SCOTLAND.
TAJLANDIA (Country) Polish
Polish form of THAILAND (probably via English).
TEHERAN (Settlement) German, Dutch, Italian, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Polish, Romanian, Croatian, Serbian
Form of TEHRAN in several languages.
TROJA (Settlement) German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Polish, Croatian, Serbian
Form of TROY in several languages.
UGANDA (Country) English, Eastern African, Ganda, Swahili, German, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Estonian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Hungarian, Romanian, Russian, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Turkish, Georgian, Indonesian, Japanese, Korean, Malay
From Buganda, the name of a kingdom within Uganda, which means "land of the Ganda" in the Luganda language. The Ganda are an ethnic group, their name possibly deriving from a Bantu word meaning "family". Uganda is a landlocked country in eastern Africa.
WARSZAWA (Settlement) Polish
Polish form of WARSAW.
WĘGRY (Country) Polish
Polish form of HUNGARY.
WENEZUELA (Country) Polish
Polish form of VENEZUELA.
WIŚNIEWO (Settlement) Polish
Derived from Polish wiśnia meaning "sour cherry". This is the name of several towns in Poland.
WŁOCHY (Country) Polish
From old Slavic волхъ (volxu) meaning "foreigner, Roman". This is the Polish name for Italy.
WYRZYKI (Settlement) Polish
Meaning uncertain, possibly from the Polish prefix wy "away from" and rzek "river". This is the name of a few small Polish towns.
ZELANDIA (Political Subdivision & Country) Polish
Polish form of ZEALAND.
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