Italian Place Names

Italian names are used in Italy and other Italian-speaking regions such as southern Switzerland. See also about Italian names.
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AFGHANISTAN (Country) Pashto, Arabic, Urdu, Indian, Hindi, English, German, Dutch, French, Italian
From Pashto افغانستان (Afghanistan), from the Persian ethnic name افغان (Afkhan) meaning "Afghan, Pashtun" combined with the Persian suffix ستان (stan) meaning "land of". This is the name of a country in central Asia.
ALBANIA (Region & Country) Late Roman, English, Spanish, Italian
Medieval Latin name for the region that was once occupied by the Illyrian tribe called Albanoi. This is the name of a country in the Balkans.
ALGERI (Settlement) Italian
Italian form of ALGIERS.
ALGERIA (Country) English, Italian, Romanian
The name of a country in North Africa, named after its capital city ALGIERS.
AMERICA (Region & Country) English, Italian, Romanian, Late Roman
From the name of the explorer AMERIGO Vespucci (1451-1512). This is the name of two continents (North and South America). As well, it is commonly used to refer to the United States of America.
ANGOLA (Country) Portuguese, English, Spanish, French, Italian, German, Dutch, Polish, Croatian, Serbian
Portuguese form of Ngola, the royal title of the kings of Ndongo, an African kingdom that was conquered by the Portuguese in the 17th-century. It was a Portuguese colony until 1975, when it became an independent country.
AQUINO (Settlement) Italian
Derived from Latin aqua meaning "water". This is the name of a town in Italy.
ARGENTINA (Country) Spanish, English, Portuguese, Italian, Russian, Czech, Croatian, Serbian, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
From Latin argentinus meaning "silvery", a derivative of argentum meaning "silver". This is the name of a country in South America, arising from a Latinized form of Spanish Río de la Plata meaning "river of silver".
ARMENIA (Country) English, Spanish, Italian, Romanian, Greek, Norwegian, Ancient Roman, Ancient Greek, Ancient Persian
From Greek Αρμενια (Armenia), which was from Old Persian Armina, which is itself probably of Armenia origin. This is the name of a country in the Caucasus region, called Hayastan in Armenian.
ASIA (Region) English, Italian, Ancient Greek
Perhaps derived from Akkadian asu, meaning "east".
ASSIRIA (Region) Italian
Italian form of ASSYRIA.
ASSISI (Settlement) Italian, English, German
From Latin Asisium, which is of unknown, possibly pre-Latin, origin. This is the name of a city in central Italy.
ATENE (Settlement) Italian
Italian form of ATHENS.
AUSTRALIA (Region & Country) English, Italian, Spanish, Norwegian, Finnish, Polish
Derived from Latin australis meaning "southern". It was formally adopted as the name of the continent (and later country) by the British administrators of the region in 1824.
BABILONIA (Settlement) Italian, Spanish
Italian and Spanish form of BABYLON.
BAGGIO (Settlement) Italian
From Latin Badalocum meaning "watch place". This is the name of an Italian town, now a district of Milan.
BAVIERA (Political Subdivision) Spanish, Portuguese, Italian
Spanish, Portuguese and Italian form of BAVARIA.
BELGIO (Country) Italian
Italian form of BELGIUM.
BELIZE (Country & River) English, Italian, Portuguese, German, Dutch
From Spanish Belice, earlier Balis, from the name of the Belize River, which may itself be from Mayan beliz meaning "muddy water". This is the name of a country on the Atlantic coast of Central America.
BERGAMO (Settlement) Italian, English
From Latin Bergomum, possibly from a Celtic word meaning "mountain". This is the name of a city in northern Italy.
BETLEMME (Settlement) Italian
Italian form of BETHLEHEM.
BIELORUSSIA (Country) Italian
Italian form of BELARUS.
BIRMANIA (Country) Spanish, Italian
Spanish and Italian form of BURMA.
BOLIVIA (Country) Spanish, English, Italian
From the surname BOLÍVAR, in honour of the revolutionary Simón Bolívar. This is the name of a country in South America.
BOLOGNA (Settlement) Italian, English, German
From Latin Bononia, possibly derived from a Celtic word meaning "settlement". This is the name of a city in northern Italy.
BRASILE (Country) Italian
Italian form of BRAZIL.
BRETAGNA (Region) Italian
Italian form of BRITAIN and BRITTANY. Great Britain is called Gran Bretagna in Italian.
BUDAPEST (Settlement) Hungarian, English, German, French, Italian, Spanish
Combination of BUDA and PEST, two cities that merged in 1873. This is the name of the capital city of Hungary.
BULGARIA (Country) Late Roman, English, Spanish, Italian
From the name of the Turkic tribe of the Bulgars, possibly from a Turkic root meaning "mixed". This is the name of a country in southeastern Europe.
BUSTO (Settlement) Spanish, Italian
From Late Latin bustum meaning "ox pasture". This is the name of several towns in Spain and Italy.
CAIAZZO (Settlement) Italian
From Latin Caiatia, a derivative of the given name CAIUS. This is the name of a city near Naples.
CAIVANO (Settlement) Italian
From Latin Calvianum, a derivative of the cognomen CALVUS. This is the name of a city near Naples.
CANADA (Country) English, French, Italian, Dutch, Danish, Norwegian
Derived from the Iroquoian word kanata meaning "village". This word was used by Native Americans to direct French explorer Jacques Cartier to Stadacona. Cartier used the word to refer to the region.
CATALOGNA (Region & Political Subdivision) Italian
Italian form of CATALONIA.
CECHIA (Country) Italian
Italian form of ČECHY, used as a name for the Czech Republic.
CIAD (Body of Water & Country) Italian
Italian form of CHAD.
CINA (Country) Italian
Italian form of CHINA.
CIPRO (Island & Country) Italian
Italian form of CYPRUS.
COLOMBIA (Country) Spanish, English, Italian
Variant of COLUMBIA, used as the name of a country in South America.
COLONIA (Settlement) Ancient Roman, Italian, Spanish
Latin form of COLOGNE, as well as the Italian and Spanish form.
COLUMBIA (Region, Settlement, Political Subdivision & River) English, Italian, Spanish
Named after the explorer Christopher Columbus, called Cristoforo Colombo in Italian (see the surname COLOMBO). This is the name of several cities in the Americas (including the District of Columbia, also called Washington D.C.), and a river in Canada and the United States. It is also a name used historically to refer to the New World.
CONGO (River & Country) English, French, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Danish
From Kongo, of uncertain origin, the name of a kingdom in central Africa that existed from the 14th to 19th century. The Congo River (also called the Zaire River) was named after the kingdom. Belgian and French colonies were established in the 19th century, named after the river, which eventually led to two African countries, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (formerly Zaire) and the Republic of the Congo.
COREA (Country) Italian, Spanish, Late Roman
Italian and Spanish form of KOREA, as well as the Latin form.
CREMA (Settlement) Italian
Meaning uncertain, possibly from a Lombardic word meaning "hill". This is the name of a city in Cremona (to which the name is unrelated) in northern Italy.
CREMONA (Settlement & Political Subdivision) Italian
Probably from the name of the Celtic tribe the Cenomani, or possibly from a pre-Latin word meaning "stone". This is the name of a city and province in northern Italy.
CROAZIA (Country) Italian
Italian form of CROATIA.
DAMASCO (Settlement) Italian, Spanish, Portuguese
Italian, Spanish and Portuguese form of DAMASCUS.
DANIMARCA (Country) Italian
Italian form of DENMARK.
ESTONIA (Country) English, Italian, Spanish, Late Roman
From Estonian eesti meaning "Estonian", a word borrowed from Low German in the 17th century. It is of uncertain origin. It could be from a Germanic rendering of the Baltic tribe of the Aesti, mentioned by the Roman historian Tacitus.
ETIOPIA (Country) Italian, Polish, Norwegian
Italian, Polish and Norwegian form of Αιθιοπια (Aithiopia) (see ETHIOPIA).
FINLANDIA (Country) Spanish, Italian
Spanish and Italian form of FINLAND.
FRANCIA (Country) Late Roman, Italian, Spanish
Latin form of FRANCE.
FRANCONIA (Region) Late Roman, English, Italian, Spanish
Latin name derived from Frank, the name of a Germanic tribe. This is the name of a region in southern Germany.
FRIULI (Region) Italian, English, Spanish
From the name of the Roman town of Forum Iulii (now called Cividale del Friuli) meaning "forum of Julius". This is the name of a region in northeast Italy.
GENOVA (Settlement) Italian
Italian form of GENOA.
GEORGIA (1) (Country) English, Italian, Spanish, Late Roman
Possibly of Persian origin, maybe from Middle Persian gurg meaning "wolf". In Europe the name was long explained as derived from the given name George. This is the name of a country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. It is called Sakartvelo in Georgian.
GEORGIA (2) (Political Subdivision) English, Spanish, Italian, German
From the given name GEORGE, named in honour of the British king George II. This was the name of an American colony, later a state.
GERMANIA (Country) Ancient Roman, Italian, Romanian
Latin, Italian and Romanian form of GERMANY.
GERUSALEMME (Settlement) Italian
Italian form of JERUSALEM.
GHANA (Country) English, French, German, Dutch, Italian, Spanish, Polish, Czech, Slovak
From the name of the Ghana Empire, which was located in the southwestern Sahara and existed up to the 13th century. Ghana, meaning "warrior" in Mande, was actually the title of the rulers, while the empire itself was more properly known as Awkar. In 1957 this was adopted as the name of the newly independent country of Ghana, formerly the British colony Gold Coast, despite the fact that the country lies outside the empire's territory.
GIAPPONE (Country) Italian
Italian form of JAPAN.
GIORDANIA (Country) Italian
Italian form of JORDAN (the country).
GIORDANO (River) Italian
Italian form of JORDAN (the river).
GRECIA (Country) Italian, Spanish
Italian and Spanish form of Graecia (see GREECE).
GUINEA (Region, Country & Island) English, Italian, Spanish, German
From Portuguese Guiné, which is of unknown meaning, possibly of Berber origin. This name was used by the Portuguese to refer to a portion of western Africa. It was also applied by westerners to the island of New Guinea starting in the 16th century. It is now the name or part of the name of the countries of Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Equatorial Guinea and Papua New Guinea.
INDIA (Country) English, Italian, Spanish, Dutch, Norwegian, Romanian, Ancient Roman, Ancient Greek
Derived from the name of the INDUS River. This is an exonym. In many languages of India, the name Bharat is used to refer to the country.
INDONESIA (Country) Indonesian, English, Italian, Spanish, Late Greek
From Greek Ινδος (Indos), referring to the INDUS, combined with νησος (nesos) meaning "island". This name has been used since the 18th century by colonial powers to refer to the Indonesian archipelago and since 1945 to refer to the independent nation.
INGHILTERRA (Country) Italian
Italian form of ANGLAE TERRA, used as the Italian name of England.
IRAN (Country) Persian, Arabic, English, French, German, Italian, Croatian, Serbian
Derived from Middle Persian Eran, related to Old Iranian Arya meaning "Iranian, Aryan". This is the name of a country in western Asia, formerly called Persia in the West.
IRAQ (Country) Arabic, English, Italian, Catalan
From Arabic العراق (al-'Iraq), probably derived from the name of the ancient Sumerian/Akkadian city of URUK. This is the name of a country in the Middle East.
ITALIA (Country) Italian, Spanish, Greek, Romanian, Norwegian, Finnish, Ancient Roman
Italian and Latin form of ITALY, as well as the form in several other languages.
KENIA (Country & Mountain) German, Dutch, Finnish, Italian, Spanish, Polish
Form of KENYA.
LECCE (Settlement & Political Subdivision) Italian
From Latin Licea or Litium, earlier Lupiae. This is the name of a city in southern Italy, as well as a province named for it.
LIONE (Settlement) Italian
Italian form of LYON.
LITUANIA (Country) Spanish, Italian, Late Roman
Latin form of LIETUVA.
LONDRA (Settlement) Italian
Italian form of LONDON.
LORENA (Political Subdivision) Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, Romanian
Spanish, Portuguese, Italian and Romanian form of LORRAINE.
LORETO (Settlement) Italian, Spanish
From Latin Lauretum meaning "laurel grove". This is the name of a town in eastern Italy.
MANFREDONIA (Settlement) Italian
From the given name MANFREDI, referring to a 13th-century king of Sicily. This is the name of a town in Apulia, Italy, founded by King Manfred on the site of the Roman city of Sipontum.
MARCHE (Political Subdivision) Italian, English
From the plural of Late Latin marca meaning "borderland, march", of Germanic origin. This is the name of a region in central Italy, named for the March of Ancona, a frontier region in the Carolingian Empire.
MAROCCO (Country) Italian
Italian form of MOROCCO.
MARRAKECH (Settlement) French, Italian, Spanish, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish, Finnish
Form of MARRAKESH in various languages.
MEDINA (Settlement) English, Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, German, Dutch, Croatian, Serbian
Form of Arabic المدينة (al-Madinah) meaning "the city". This is the name of a city in Saudi Arabia, considered a holy site in Islam because the Prophet Muhammad was based there for a period.
MESSICO (Country & Settlement) Italian
Italian form of MEXICO.
MILANO (Settlement) Italian
Italian form of MILAN.
MONGOLIA (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) English, Spanish, Italian
From Mongolian монгол (mongol), the name for the Mongolian people, possibly from монг (mong) meaning "brave". This the name of a region in eastern Asia, now divided between the country of Mongolia (historically called Outer Mongolia) and the Chinese region of Inner Mongolia.
MYANMAR (Country) English, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, German, French, Indian, Hindi
From Burmese မြန်မာ (Myanma), the name of the main Burmese ethnic group (also called the Bamar), which is of unknown origin. This is the name of a country in southeastern Asia. It was formerly called Burma, derived from a variant of this term.
NAGGIO (Settlement) Italian
Meaning uncertain, the name of a small town in Lombardy.
NAPOLI (Settlement) Italian
Italian form of NAPLES.
NAZARET (Settlement) Spanish, Italian, German, Greek, Armenian, Croatian, Serbian, Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek
Form of NAZARETH in various languages.
NEPAL (Country) Nepali, Indian, Hindi, English, German, Dutch, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Polish, Sanskrit
From Sanskrit नेपाल (Nepal), of unknown meaning. This is the name of a landlocked country in south Asia.
NIGER (River & Country) English, French, Italian, German, Dutch, Swedish, Croatian, Serbian, Late Roman
Meaning unknown, possibly of Berber origin, though influenced by Latin niger "black". This is the name of a river in western Africa (and a country that is named after it).
NIGERIA (Country) English, French, Italian, Spanish, German
From the name of the NIGER River, applied in the 19th century to the British colonial territory in western Africa. It continued to be used after the territory became an independent country in 1960.
NILO (River) Spanish, Portuguese, Italian
Spanish, Portuguese and Italian form of Nilus (see NILE).
NINIVE (Settlement) French, Italian, German
French, Italian and German form of NINEVEH.
NORVEGIA (Country) Italian
Italian form of NORWAY.
OLANDA (Political Subdivision & Country) Italian
Italian form of HOLLAND (1), referring to the provinces and sometimes the entire country.
PÀDOVA (Settlement) Venetian
Venetian form of PADUA.
PADOVA (Settlement) Italian, Romanian, Croatian, Serbian
Italian, Romanian, Croatian and Serbian form of PADUA.
PAESI BASSI (Country) Italian
Italian cognate of PAYS-BAS, used as the Italian name for the Netherlands.
PAKISTAN (Country) Urdu, Punjabi, English, Italian, French, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Polish, Slovak, Russian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Serbian
From Persian پاک (pak) meaning "pure" and the suffix ستان (stan) meaning "land of". The name was coined in 1933 by the Pakistani nationalist Choudhry Rahmat Ali who justified it as an acronym of Punjab, Afghania, Kashmir and Sindh, plus the final three letters of Baluchistan.
PARIGI (Settlement) Italian
Italian form of PARIS.
PAVIA (Settlement) Italian, English
From Late Latin Papia, of unknown meaning. This is the name of a city in northern Italy. In classical Latin it was called Ticinum.
PECHINO (Settlement) Italian
Italian form of BEIJING.
PERSIA (Country) Ancient Roman, English, Spanish, Italian
Latin form of Greek Περσις (Persis), from Old Persian Parsa. This is the name used in the West for a region in western Asia, as well as several empires that were based there, including the Achaemenid Empire, Parthian Empire, and Sasanian Empire. This was also the Western name for the country of Iran until 1935, when the king requested that the native name Iran be used instead.
PERÙ (Country) Italian
Italian form of PERU.
PESARO (Settlement) Italian, English
From Latin Pisaurum, of uncertain meaning. This is the name of a city in central Italy.
POLONIA (Country) Italian, Spanish
Italian and Spanish form of POLAND.
PONTECORVO (Settlement) Italian
From Italian ponte "bridge" and curvo "curved". This is the name of a town in central Italy.
PORTOGALLO (Country) Italian
Italian form of PORTUGAL.
PRAGA (Settlement) Italian, Romanian, Polish, Russian
Italian, Romanian, Polish and Russian form of Praha (see PRAGUE).
PROVENZA (Region) Italian, Spanish
Italian and Spanish form of PROVENCE.
QUBRUS (Island & Country) Italian
Arabic form of CYPRUS.
RAVENNA (Settlement) Italian
Meaning unknown, probably of Etruscan origin. This is the name of a city in Italy.
ROMA (Settlement) Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Catalan, Romanian, Ancient Roman
Latinate form of ROME.
ROMAGNA (Region & Political Subdivision) Italian, English, German
From Latin ROMANIA, in this case the name of a historic region on the Adriatic coast of Italy (part of the modern administrative region of Emilia-Romagna).
ROMANIA (Country & Region) English, Italian, Ancient Roman
From Latin meaning "land of the Romans" (see ROME). This is the name of a country in eastern Europe, so named in the 16th century because of its historic and linguistic connections to the Roman Empire.... [more]
RUSSIA (Country) English, Italian, Late Roman
Derived from the medieval state of RUS, now applied to a much larger area of Europe and Asia.
SAMARA (Settlement & River) Russian, English, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, French, German
Meaning unknown, possibly of Kyrgyz origin. This is the name of a city in Russia, founded in the 16th century, as well as the river on which it is situated.
SAMARRA (Settlement) Arabic, English, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, French, German
This is the name of a city in Iraq, the capital of the Abbasid Caliphate in the 9th century. It was possibly built at the site of the ancient Assyrian city of Surmarrati, which is of uncertain meaning.
SCIACCA (Settlement) Italian
Meaning uncertain, perhaps of Arabic origin. This is the name of a town on Sicily.
SENEGAL (River & Country) Portuguese, English, Spanish, Italian, German, Croatian, Serbian
From Portuguese, possibly from the name of the Berber Zenaga people of northern Senegal. This is the name of a river in western Africa, and a country named after it. It gained independence from France in 1960.
SERBIA (Country) English, Romanian, Italian, Spanish, Polish
From Serbian Србија (Srbija), of uncertain meaning. This is the name of a Balkan country in southeastern Europe.
SIRIA (Country) Italian, Spanish
Italian and Spanish form of SYRIA.
SLOVENIA (Country) English, Italian, Romanian, Norwegian, Finnish
From Slovene, the language of the Slovenes, derived from the medieval Slavic tribal name slovene meaning "Slavs". This is the name of a country in central Europe.
SOMALIA (Country) English, Italian, Spanish, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Polish
From the ethnic name Somali, of uncertain meaning. The Somali people connect it to their mythical ancestor Samaale. Italian and British colonists applied the ethnic name to the Horn of Africa region in the 19th century. It became an independent country in 1960.
SPAGNA (Country) Italian
Italian form of Hispania (see SPAIN).
STOCCOLMA (Settlement) Italian
Italian form of STOCKHOLM.
SUDAN (Country) English, Arabic, German, Italian
From Arabic سُود (sud) meaning "black", referring to the darker skin of the inhabitants. This is the name of a country in Africa. In Arabic it is properly written with the definite article: السُودان (al-Sudan).
SVEZIA (Country) Italian
Italian form of SWEDEN.
SVITTO (Settlement & Political Subdivision) Italian
Italian form of SCHWYZ.
SVIZZERA (Country) Italian
Italian cognate of SCHWEIZ, used as the Italian name for Switzerland.
TAILANDIA (Country) Spanish, Italian
Spanish form and Italian variant of THAILAND (probably via English).
TEHERAN (Settlement) German, Dutch, Italian, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Polish, Romanian, Croatian, Serbian
Form of TEHRAN in several languages.
THAILANDIA (Country) Italian
Italian form of THAILAND (probably via English).
TRENTO (Settlement) Italian
Derived from Latin Tridentum meaning "three teeth", a reference to three surrounding hills. This is the name of a city in Trentino, Italy.
TURCHIA (Country) Italian
Italian form of Turcia (see TURKEY).
UNGHERIA (Country) Italian
Italian form of HUNGARY.
VALENCIA (Settlement & Region) Spanish, Italian, English, German
The name of a city and surrounding region in eastern Spain, originally named in Latin Valentia (Edetanorum) meaning "strength (of the Edetani people)", and derived from Latin valentius "strength, vigour", from valens "strong, vigorous". Besides the city in Spain, this is also the name of a city in Venezuala.
VERONA (Settlement) Italian, Spanish, English, Ancient Roman
Meaning unknown, possibly of Latin, Gallic or Etruscan origin. This is the name of a city in northern Italy.
VIETNAM (Country) English, French, German, Dutch, Italian, Spanish
From Việt Nam, meaning "southern Yue", derived from Sino-Vietnamese (việt), referring to the Yue people, and (nam) meaning "south". This is the name of a country in southeastern Asia.
ZELANDA (Political Subdivision & Country) Italian, Spanish
Italian and Spanish form of ZEALAND.