Literature Place Names

These names occur primarily in literature. They are not commonly given to real people.
Avalon (Island) Arthurian Cycle
The name of the island paradise to which King Arthur was brought after his death. The name of this island is perhaps related to Welsh afal meaning "apple", a fruit that was often linked with paradise.
Avonlea (Settlement) Literature
Created by Lucy Maud Montgomery as the setting for her novel Anne of Green Gables (1908). She may have based the name on the Arthurian island of Avalon, though it also resembles the river name Avon and leah "woodland, clearing".
California (Political Subdivision & Island) English, Spanish, Italian, Literature
From the name of a fictional utopian island populated only by women in the 16th-century novel The Adventures of Esplandián by the Spanish author Garci Rodríguez de Montalvo. The name comes from the island's queen, Calafia, itself probably derived from Arabic خليفة (khalifah), an Islamic title meaning "successor". This is the name of an American state as well as two states of Mexico (Baja California and Baja California Sur).
Lilliput (Island) Literature
Created by the Irish author Jonathan Swift for one of the islands in his novel Gulliver's Travels (1726). The novel's hero Gulliver is shipwrecked here, a place inhabited by a society of tiny people. Lilliput, a satirical version of Great Britain, is in conflict with the neighbouring island of Blefuscu, a satirical version of France. Though Swift did not explain the source of the name, he may have based it on English little and the archaic word put meaning "fool, silly man".
Mordor (Region) Literature
Means "black land" in Sindarin, from mor "black" and dor "land". In The Lord of the Rings (1954) by J. R. R. Tolkien, Mordor is the desolate realm ruled by the evil lord Sauron.
Narnia (Country) Literature
The name of a fictional country in C. S. Lewis's Chronicles of Narnia series of fantasy novels (first released 1950). It was inspired by the Latin name of Narni, an Italian town in the region of Umbria.
Oz 1 (Region) Literature
Invented by the American author L. Frank Baum for the setting of his fantasy novel The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900). There are several unsubstantiated theories about how Baum created the name, though it seems probable he simply made it up.