Ancient Greek Place Names

These names were used in ancient Greece. See also about Ancient Greek names.
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AIGYPTOS Αἴγυπτος (Country) Greek, Ancient Greek
Greek form of EGYPT.
AITHIOPIA Αἰθιοπία (Country) Greek, Ancient Greek
Greek form of ETHIOPIA.
ALEXANDREIA Ἀλεξάνδρεια (Settlement) Ancient Greek
Greek form of ALEXANDRIA.
ALEXANDRIA Ἀλεξάνδρεια (Settlement) English, Ancient Roman, Ancient Greek (Latinized)
From the Greek given name Ἀλέξανδρος (see ALEXANDER), bestowed by Alexander the Great upon the cities he founded or conquered. This is the name of many cities throughout the world, notably in Egypt.
ARMENIA Ἀρμενία (Country) English, Spanish, Italian, Romanian, Polish, Greek, Norwegian, Finnish, Indonesian, Malay, Ancient Roman, Ancient Greek, Ancient Persian
From Greek Ἀρμενία (Armenia), which was from Old Persian Armina, which is itself probably of Armenia origin. This is the name of a country in the Caucasus region, called Hayastan in Armenian.
ASIA Ἀσία (Region) English, Italian, Spanish, Romanian, Greek, Norwegian, Indonesian, Malay, Ancient Greek
Perhaps derived from Akkadian asu, meaning "east". This is the name of the world's largest continent.
ASSYRIA Ἀσσυρία (Region) English, Ancient Roman, Ancient Greek
From Greek Ἀσσυρία (Assyria), derived from Akkadian Ashurayu, itself from the name of the empire's capital city ASHUR. This was the name of an ancient Mesopotamian kingdom and empire.
ATHENAI Ἀθήναι (Settlement) Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek form of ATHENS.
ATTIKE Ἀττική (Region) Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek form of ATTICA.
BABYLON Βαβυλών (Settlement) English, German, Dutch, Biblical, Ancient Roman, Biblical Latin, Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek
Greek form of Akkadian 𒆍𒀭𒊏𒆠 (Babili), which appears to mean "gateway of God", from Akkadian 𒆍 (babu) meaning "gate" and 𒀭 (ilu) meaning "God", though it may in fact derive from a non-Semitic language. This was the name of a major city in ancient Mesopotamia, the capital of the Babylonian Empire. It was located in present-day Iraq.
DAMASKOS Δαμασκός (Settlement) Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek
Greek form of DAMASCUS.
DELPHOI Δελφοί (Settlement) Ancient Greek
Greek form of DELPHI.
EUPHRATES Εὐφράτης (River) English, Ancient Roman, Ancient Greek
From Greek Εὐφράτης (Euphrates), the name of a river in Mesopotamia. It is derived from Old Persian Ufratu, itself from Elamite or Sumerian, of unknown meaning.
EURIPOS Εὔριπος (Body of Water) Ancient Greek
Possibly from Greek εὖ (eu) meaning "good" and ῥιπή (rhipe) meaning "throw, swing". This was the name of the strait between Euboea and Boeotia.
HELLADA Ἑλλάδα (Country) Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek form of ELLADA.
ILION Ἴλιον (Settlement) Ancient Greek
Greek form of ILIUM.
ILIUM Ἴλιον (Settlement) Ancient Greek (Latinized)
From Greek Ἴλιον (Ilion), probably of Luwian or Hittite origin. This was another name for the ancient city of Troy.
INDIA Ἰνδία (Country) English, Italian, Spanish, Dutch, Norwegian, Estonian, Slovak, Hungarian, Romanian, Albanian, Greek, Indonesian, Malay, Thai, Ancient Roman, Ancient Greek
Derived from the name of the INDUS River. In many languages of India, the name Bharat is used to refer to the country. However, some southern Indian languages use spellings based on English India.
INDOS Ἰνδός (River) Ancient Greek
Greek form of INDUS.
KYPROS Κύπρος (Island & Country) Greek, Norwegian, Ancient Greek
Greek and Norwegian form of CYPRUS.
LYDIA Λυδία (Region) Ancient Greek, English
An ancient region on the west coast of Asia Minor, said to be named for the legendary king LYDOS.
NAZARET Ναζαρέτ (Settlement) Spanish, Italian, German, Greek, Armenian, Croatian, Serbian, Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek
Form of NAZARETH in various languages.
NEAPOLIS Νεάπολις (Settlement) Ancient Roman, Ancient Greek
Greek and Latin form of NAPLES.
NEILOS Νεῖλος (River) Ancient Greek
Greek form of NILE.
NINEUE Νινευή (Settlement) Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek
Biblical Greek form of NINEVEH.
OLYMPOS Ὄλυμπος (Mountain) Ancient Greek, Greek
Meaning unknown. This is the name of the highest mountain in Greece. According to legend is the home of the Greek gods.
PERSIS Περσίς (Country) Ancient Greek
Greek form of PERSIA.
PETRA Πέτρα (Settlement) Ancient Greek, English
From Greek πέτρα (petra) meaning "rock". This was the Greek name of the capital city of the Nabataeans, which may have been known as Raqmu to its Semitic inhabitants. Its ruins lie in Jordan.
PHILADELPHEIA Φιλαδέλφεια (Settlement) Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek
Greek form of PHILADELPHIA.
SYRIA Συρία (Country & Region) English, Polish, Norwegian, Greek, Ancient Roman, Ancient Greek
From Greek Συρία (Syria), which was probably a variant of ASSYRIA, used in an expanded sense to refer to the northern Levant. This was the name of a province of the Roman Empire. It is now the name of a country in western Asia, having gained independence from the Ottoman Empire early in the 20th century.
TROIA Τροία (Settlement) Ancient Greek
Greek form of TROY.
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