ARMENIA Ἀρμενία (Country) English, Spanish, Italian, Romanian, Polish, Greek, Norwegian, Finnish, Indonesian, Malay, Ancient Roman, Ancient Greek, Ancient Persian
From Greek Ἀρμενία (Armenia)
, which was from Old Persian Armina
, which is itself probably of Armenia origin. This is the name of a country in the Caucasus region, called Hayastan
BABYLON Βαβυλών (Settlement) English, German, Dutch, Biblical, Ancient Roman, Biblical Latin, Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek
Greek form of Akkadian 𒆍𒀭𒊏𒆠 (Babili)
, which appears to mean "gateway of God"
, from Akkadian 𒆍 (babu)
meaning "gate" and 𒀭 (ilu)
meaning "God", though it may in fact derive from a non-Semitic language. This was the name of a major city in ancient Mesopotamia, the capital of the Babylonian Empire. It was located in present-day Iraq.
EURIPOS Εὔριπος (Body of Water) Ancient Greek
Possibly from Greek εὖ (eu)
meaning "good" and ῥιπή (rhipe)
meaning "throw, swing". This was the name of the strait between Euboea and Boeotia.
INDIA Ἰνδία (Country) English, Italian, Spanish, Dutch, Norwegian, Estonian, Slovak, Hungarian, Romanian, Albanian, Greek, Indonesian, Malay, Thai, Ancient Roman, Ancient Greek
Derived from the name of the INDUS
River. In many languages of India, the name Bharat
is used to refer to the country. However, some southern Indian languages use spellings based on English India
OLYMPOS Ὄλυμπος (Mountain) Ancient Greek, Greek
Meaning unknown. This is the name of the highest mountain in Greece. According to legend is the home of the Greek gods.
PETRA Πέτρα (Settlement) Ancient Greek, English
From Greek πέτρα (petra)
. This was the Greek name of the capital city of the Nabataeans, which may have been known as Raqmu
to its Semitic inhabitants. Its ruins lie in Jordan
SYRIA Συρία (Country & Region) English, Polish, Norwegian, Greek, Ancient Roman, Ancient Greek
From Greek Συρία (Syria)
, which was probably a variant of ASSYRIA
, used in an expanded sense to refer to the northern Levant. This was the name of a province of the Roman Empire. It is now the name of a country in western Asia, having gained independence from the Ottoman Empire early in the 20th century.