Croatian Place Names

Croatian names are used in the country of Croatia and other Croatian communities throughout the world.
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ALBANIJA (Country) Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Macedonian, Slovene, Lithuanian
Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Macedonian, Slovene and Lithuanian form of ALBANIA.
AMERIKA (Region & Country) German, Dutch, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish, Luxembourgish, Latvian, Lithuanian, Russian, Czech, Slovak, Croatian, Serbian, Slovene, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Hungarian, Hebrew, Albanian, Armenian, Georgian, Tatar, Bashkir, Chechen, Kazakh, Uzbek, Indonesian, Malay
Form of AMERICA, used to refer to the continents and sometimes to the United States of America.
ANGOLA (Country) Portuguese, English, Spanish, French, Italian, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Estonian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Russian, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Hungarian, Romanian, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Albanian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Turkish, Georgian
Portuguese form of Ngola, the royal title of the kings of Ndongo, an African kingdom that was conquered by the Portuguese in the 17th-century. It was a Portuguese colony until 1975, when it became an independent country.
ANTWERPEN (Settlement) Dutch, German, Luxembourgish, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Finnish, Hungarian, Slovene, Croatian, Bosnian
Dutch form of ANTWERP, as well as the form in several other languages.
ARGENTINA (Country) Spanish, English, Portuguese, Italian, Russian, Romanian, Czech, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Macedonian, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Estonian, Lithuanian, Georgian
From Latin argentinus meaning "silvery", a derivative of argentum meaning "silver". This is the name of a country in South America, arising from a Latinized form of Spanish Río de la Plata meaning "river of silver".
ARMENIJA (Country) Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene
Croatian, Bosnian and Slovene form of ARMENIA.
ATINA (Settlement) Bulgarian, Serbian, Croatian, Macedonian
Bulgarian, Serbian, Croatian and Macedonian form of ATHENS.
AUSTRALIJA (Region & Country) Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Lithuanian
Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian and Lithuanian form of AUSTRALIA.
BELGIJA (Country) Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene, Macedonian, Lithuanian
Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene, Macedonian and Lithuanian form of BELGIUM.
BELIZE (Country & River) English, Italian, Portuguese, French, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Estonian, Polish, Hungarian, Romanian, Czech, Slovak, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Macedonian
From Spanish Belice, earlier Balis, from the name of the Belize River, which may itself be from Mayan beliz meaning "muddy water". This is the name of a country on the Atlantic coast of Central America.
BENIN (Settlement, Body of Water & Country) English, Italian, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Estonian, Russian, Ukrainian, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Hungarian, Slovene, Serbian, Croatian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Romanian, Indonesian, Malay
From Portuguese Benim, derived from Itsekiri Ubinu, the name of the capital city of the historical Benin Kingdom (present-day Benin City in Nigeria). Allegedly it was initially named Ile-Ibinu meaning "land of anger" because of disputes between different factions. The Bight of Benin (a large bay) was named after the Benin Kingdom, and the modern country of Benin, west of Nigeria, was named after the bay in 1975 (formerly named Dahomey).
BERLIN (Settlement) German, English, French, Polish, Hungarian, Croatian, Serbian
City in Germany, the name of which is of uncertain meaning. It is possibly derived from an Old Slavic stem berl- meaning "swamp".
BJELORUSIJA (Country) Croatian
Croatian form of BELARUS.
BOLIVIJA (Country) Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene, Macedonian, Lithuanian
Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene, Macedonian and Lithuanian form of BOLIVIA.
BRAZIL (Country) English, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Macedonian
From the name of a type of tree, called pau-brasil in Portuguese (brazilwood in English). It may ultimately derive from Portuguese brasa meaning "ember". This is the name of a country in South America.
ČAD (Body of Water & Country) Czech, Slovak, Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Macedonian, Slovene
Czech, Slovak, Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Macedonian and Slovene form of Arabic تشاد (see CHAD).
DANSKA (Country) Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene, Macedonian
Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene and Macedonian form of DENMARK.
EGIPAT (Country) Serbian, Croatian
Serbian and Croatian form of EGYPT.
ESTONIJA (Country) Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene, Macedonian
Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene and Macedonian form of ESTONIA.
ETIOPIJA (Country) Serbian, Croatian, Slovene, Macedonian, Lithuanian, Latvian
Serbian, Croatian, Slovene, Macedonian, Lithuanian and Latvian form of Aethiopia (see ETHIOPIA).
FINSKA (Country) Croatian, Serbian, Slovene, Macedonian
Croatian, Serbian, Slovene and Macedonian form of FINLAND.
FRANCUSKA (Country) Croatian, Serbian
Croatian and Serbian form of FRANCE.
HRVATSKA (Country) Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Macedonian
Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian and Macedonian form of CROATIA.
INDIJA (Country) Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene, Macedonian, Latvian, Lithuanian
Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene, Macedonian, Latvian and Lithuanian form of INDIA.
INDONEZIJA (Country) Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene, Macedonian, Lithuanian
Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene, Macedonian and Lithuanian form of INDONESIA.
IRAN (Country) Persian, Arabic, English, French, Italian, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Romanian, Russian, Ukrainian, Polish, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Greek, Indonesian, Malay, Japanese, Korean
Derived from Middle Persian Eran, related to Old Iranian Arya meaning "Iranian, Aryan". This is the name of a country in western Asia, formerly called Persia in the West.
IRSKA (Country & Island) Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Macedonian, Slovene
Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Macedonian and Slovene form of ÉIRE.
ITALIJA (Country) Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Macedonian, Lithuanian
Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Macedonian and Lithuanian form of Italia (see ITALY).
JAPAN (Country) English, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian
From Portuguese Japão, which was derived from a Malay form of Riben, the Chinese reading of NIPPON.
JERUZALEM (Settlement) Dutch, Slovak, Slovene, Croatian
Dutch, Slovak, Slovene and Croatian form of JERUSALEM.
JORDAN (River & Country) English, Danish, Norwegian, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Macedonian, German, Swedish, Finnish, Estonian, Polish, Slovene, Biblical
River that flows between the countries of Jordan and Israel. The river's name in Hebrew is יַרְדֵן (Yarden), and it is derived from יָרַד (yarad) meaning "descend" or "flow down". The river has lent its name to the country to the east (in German, Swedish, Finnish, Estonian, Polish and Slovene this is only the name of the river, with the name of the country taking a different form).
KARPATI (Region) Serbian, Croatian
Serbian and Croatian form of CARPATHIANS.
KAZAHSTAN (Country) Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Romanian
Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene, Bulgarian, Macedonian and Romanian form of Kazakh Қазақстан (see KAZAKHSTAN).
KENIJA (Country & Mountain) Croatian, Serbian, Slovene, Macedonian, Lithuanian, Latvian
Form of KENYA in several languages.
KIRGISTAN (Country) Polish, Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Macedonian, Icelandic, German
Form of KYRGYZSTAN in several languages, as well as a German variant.
KOLUMBIJA (Country, Region, Settlement & Political Subdivision) Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene, Macedonian, Latvian, Lithuanian
Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene, Macedonian, Latvian and Lithuanian form of COLUMBIA and COLOMBIA.
KRAKOV (Settlement) Czech, Slovak, Russian, Croatian, Serbian
Form of KRAKÓW.
LIBERIJA (Country) Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene, Macedonian, Lithuanian
Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene, Macedonian and Lithuanian form of LIBERIA.
LITVA (Country) Russian, Czech, Slovak, Croatian, Slovene, Bulgarian, Georgian
Russian, Czech, Slovak, Croatian, Slovene, Bulgarian and Georgian form of Lietuva (see LITHUANIA).
LONDON (Settlement) English, German, Danish, Swedish, Norwegian, Russian, Croatian, Serbian, Slovene
From Latin Londinium, of unknown meaning. This is the capital city of the United Kingdom.
MAĐARSKA (Country) Croatian, Serbian
Croatian and Serbian form of MAGYARORSZÁG.
MARKE (Political Subdivision) Croatian
Croatian form of MARCHE.
MARRAKECH (Settlement) French, Italian, Spanish, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish, Finnish, Croatian
French, Italian, Spanish, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish, Finnish and Croatian form of Arabic مرّاكش (see MARRAKESH).
MEDINA (Settlement) English, Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, German, Dutch, Croatian, Serbian
Form of Arabic المدينة (al-Madinah) meaning "the city". This is the name of a city in Saudi Arabia, considered a holy site in Islam because the Prophet Muhammad was based there for a period.
MEKSIKO (Country & Settlement) Finnish, Croatian, Serbian, Bulgarian, Macedonian
Finnish, Croatian, Serbian, Bulgarian and Macedonian form of MEXICO. In Finnish it refers only to the country, not the capital city.
MIJANMAR (Country) Serbian, Croatian
Serbian and Croatian variant form of MYANMAR.
MJANMAR (Country) Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene, Macedonian
Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene and Macedonian form of MYANMAR.
MONGOLIJA (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) Latvian, Lithuanian, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Macedonian, Slovene
Latvian, Lithuanian, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Macedonian and Slovene form of MONGOLIA.
NAZARET (Settlement) Spanish, Italian, German, Greek, Armenian, Croatian, Serbian, Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek
Form of NAZARETH in various languages.
NEPAL (Country) Nepali, Indian, Hindi, English, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Finnish, Estonian, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Russian, Ukrainian, Polish, Romanian, Slovene, Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Macedonian, Bulgarian, Greek, Turkish, Azerbaijani, Indonesian, Malay, Sanskrit
From Sanskrit नेपाल (Nepal), of unknown meaning. This is the name of a landlocked country in south Asia.
NIGER (River & Country) English, French, Italian, German, Dutch, Swedish, Croatian, Serbian, Late Roman
Meaning unknown, possibly of Berber origin, though influenced by Latin niger "black". This is the name of a river in western Africa (and a country that is named after it).
NIGERIJA (Country) Lithuanian, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Macedonian, Slovene
Lithuanian, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Macedonian and Slovene form of NIGERIA.
NIL (River) Arabic, French, German, Luxembourgish, Catalan, Czech, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Azerbaijani
Form of NILE in various languages. In Arabic it is properly written with the definite article: النيل (al-Nil).
NIZOZEMSKA (Country) Croatian, Slovene
Croatian and Slovene cognate of NIZOZEMSKO, referring to the Netherlands.
NJEMAČKA (Country) Serbian, Croatian
Serbian and Croatian cognate of NIEMCY, used as the name of Germany.
NORVEŠKA (Country) Croatian, Serbian, Macedonian, Slovene
Croatian, Serbian, Macedonian and Slovene form of NORWAY.
PADOVA (Settlement) Italian, Romanian, Croatian, Serbian
Italian, Romanian, Croatian and Serbian form of PADUA.
PAKISTAN (Country) Urdu, Punjabi, English, Italian, French, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Polish, Slovak, Russian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Serbian
From Persian پاک (pak) meaning "pure" and the suffix ستان (stan) meaning "land of". The name was coined in 1933 by the Pakistani nationalist Choudhry Rahmat Ali who justified it as an acronym of Punjab, Afghania, Kashmir and Sindh, plus the final three letters of Baluchistan.
PEKING (Settlement) German, Dutch, Luxembourgish, Swedish, Czech, Slovak, Slovene, Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, English (Archaic)
Form of BEIJING in various languages, as well as an older English form.
PERU (Country) English, Portuguese, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Russian, Ukrainian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Slovene, Hungarian, Croatian, Serbian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Turkish, Azerbaijani, Georgian, Indian, Hindi
From Spanish Perú, older Birú, which was possibly derived from the name of a chieftain (who nevertheless resided in modern-day Panama).
POLJSKA (Country) Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene
Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian and Slovene form of POLAND.
PORTUGAL (Country) Portuguese, English, French, Spanish, Galician, Catalan, German, Dutch, Luxembourgish, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Estonian, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Indonesian, Malay
From Portugale, which was derived from PORTUS CALE, the old name of the city of Porto. The name of the city was later applied to the entire country.
PRAG (Settlement) German, Swedish, Danish, Icelandic, Luxembourgish, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Turkish
German, Swedish, Danish, Icelandic, Luxembourgish, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian and Turkish form of Praha (see PRAGUE).
RUMUNJSKA (Country) Croatian
Croatian form of ROMANIA.
RUSIJA (Country) Serbian, Croatian, Slovene, Macedonian, Lithuanian
Serbian, Croatian, Slovene, Macedonian and Lithuanian form of RUSSIA.
SENEGAL (River & Country) Portuguese, English, Spanish, Italian, German, Swedish, Dutch, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Finnish, Estonian, Russian, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Romanian, Turkish
From Portuguese, possibly from the name of the Berber Zenaga people of northern Senegal. This is the name of a river in western Africa, and a country named after it. It gained independence from France in 1960.
SIRIJA (Country) Lithuanian, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Slovene, Macedonian
Lithuanian, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Slovene and Macedonian form of SYRIA.
SLOVAČKA (Country) Croatian, Serbian, Macedonian
Croatian, Serbian and Macedonian form of SLOVAKIA.
SLOVENIJA (Country) Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Macedonian
From medieval Slavic slovene referring to the tribe of the Slavs. This is the Slovene name for Slovenia.
SOMALIJA (Country) Croatian, Serbian, Macedonian, Slovene
Croatian, Serbian, Macedonian and Slovene form of SOMALIA.
ŠPANJOLSKA (Country) Croatian
Croatian form of Hispania (see SPAIN).
SRBIJA (Country) Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene, Macedonian
Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Slovene and Macedonian form of SERBIA.
SUDAN (Country) English, Arabic, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Italian, Russian, Ukrainian, Polish, Slovene, Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Romanian, Turkish, Azerbaijani, Indonesian, Malay, Chinese
From Arabic سُود (sud) meaning "black", referring to the darker skin of the inhabitants. This is the name of a country in Africa. In Arabic it is properly written with the definite article: السُودان (al-Sudan).
ŠVEDSKA (Country) Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Macedonian, Slovene
Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Macedonian and Slovene form of SWEDEN.
ŠVICARSKA (Country) Croatian
Croatian form of SCHWEIZ, used as the Croatian name for Switzerland.
TAJLAND (Country) Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Macedonian
Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian and Macedonian form of THAILAND.
TEHERAN (Settlement) German, Dutch, Italian, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Polish, Romanian, Croatian, Serbian
Form of TEHRAN in several languages.
TROJA (Settlement) German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Polish, Croatian, Serbian
Form of TROY in several languages.
TURSKA (Country) Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian
Croatian, Serbian and Bosnian form of Turcia (see TURKEY).
UGANDA (Country) English, Eastern African, Ganda, Swahili, German, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Estonian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Hungarian, Romanian, Russian, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Turkish, Georgian, Indonesian, Japanese, Korean, Malay
From Buganda, the name of a kingdom within Uganda, which means "land of the Ganda" in the Luganda language. The Ganda are an ethnic group, their name possibly deriving from a Bantu word meaning "family". Uganda is a landlocked country in eastern Africa.
UZBEKISTAN (Country) English, Russian, Slovak, Serbian, Croatian, Bulgarian, Swedish
From Uzbek O'zbekiston, derived from the ethnic name O'zbek (which is probably in part from Turkic beg meaning "chieftain, master") combined with the Persian suffix ستان (stan) meaning "land of". This is the name of a country in central Asia.
VARŠAVA (Settlement) Czech, Slovak, Croatian, Serbian, Slovene
Czech, Slovak, Croatian, Serbian and Slovene form of Warszawa (see WARSAW).
VENECUELA (Country) Serbian, Macedonian, Bosnian, Croatian
Serbian, Macedonian and Bosnian form of VENEZUELA, as well as a Croatian variant.
VENEZUELA (Country) Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, French, English, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Estonian, Czech, Slovak, Hungarian, Romanian, Slovene, Croatian, Albanian, Turkish, Indonesian, Malay
Possibly from Italian Veneziola meaning "little VENICE". This is the name of a country on the northern coast of South America. The region was supposedly named this in 1499 by a Spanish expedition (which included Amerigo Vespucci) because an indigenous town on Lake Maracaibo was built on stilts over the water, reminiscent of the Italian city. Another theory suggests that the country's name comes from Veneciuela, the name of a local people.
VIJETNAM (Country) Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian
Croatian, Serbian and Bosnian form of Vietnamese Chữ Nôm 越南 (see VIETNAM).
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