AFGHANISTAN أفغانستان (Country) Pashto, Arabic, Urdu, Indian, Hindi, English, German, Dutch, French, Italian
From Pashto افغانستان (Afghanistan)
, from the Persian ethnic name افغان (Afkhan)
meaning "Afghan, Pashtun" combined with the Persian suffix ستان (stan)
meaning "land of". This is the name of a country in central Asia.
ASHUR آشور (Settlement & Region) English, Arabic, Persian, Akkadian
From Akkadian 𒀸𒋩 (Assur)
, meaning unknown. This was the capital city of the Assyrian Empire, supposedly named for the god Ashur
, though the god was in fact probably named for the city. The empire, Assyria, was also named for it. The city was destroyed in the 14th century by the forces of Tamerlane.... [more]
BATRA بتراء (Settlement) Arabic
Arabic form of PETRA
. In Arabic it is properly written with the definite article: البتراء (al-Batra)
HIND هند (Country) Arabic
Arabic form of INDIA
, usually written with the definite article: الهند (al-Hind)
HIRA حراء (Other) Arabic
Meaning unknown. This is the name of the cave near Mecca where the Prophet Muhammad
received his first revelation.
IRAN إيران (Country) Persian, Arabic, English, French, German, Italian, Croatian, Serbian
Derived from Middle Persian Eran
, related to Old Iranian Arya
meaning "Iranian, Aryan"
. This is the name of a country in western Asia, formerly called Persia
in the West.
IRAQ عراق (Country) Arabic, English, Italian, Catalan
From Arabic العراق (al-'Iraq)
, probably derived from the name of the ancient Sumerian/Akkadian city of URUK
. This is the name of a country in the Middle East.
KURDISTAN كردستان (Region) Kurdish, Arabic, English, French, German, Russian
From Kurdish کوردستان
(Kurdistan), from the Persian ethnic name کرد (Kord)
meaning "Kurd" combined with the Persian suffix ستان (stan)
meaning "land of". This is the name of the region in the midst of Iran, Iraq and Turkey that is primarily inhabited by the Kurdish people.
MAGHRIB مغرب (Region & Country) Arabic
From Arabic المغرب (al-Maghrib)
meaning "the place of the sunset, the west"
. This is the Arabic name of Morocco
as well as the entire region of western North Africa (known as the Maghreb
in English). In Arabic the name is usually written with the definite article: المغرب (al-Maghrib)
QUDS قُدْس (Settlement) Arabic
in Arabic. This is the Arabic name for Jerusalem
, usually written with the definite article: القُدْس (al-Quds)
SAMARRA سامَرّاء (Settlement) Arabic, English, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, French, German
This is the name of a city in Iraq, the capital of the Abbasid Caliphate in the 9th century. It was possibly built at the site of the ancient Assyrian city of Surmarrati
, which is of uncertain meaning.
SIN صين (Country) Arabic
Arabic form of CHINA
. It is properly written with the definite article: الصين (al-Sin)
SUDAN سُودان (Country) English, Arabic, German, Italian
From Arabic سُود (sud)
, referring to the darker skin of the inhabitants. This is the name of a country in Africa. In Arabic it is properly written with the definite article: السُودان (al-Sudan)
TIMBUKTU تمبكتو (Settlement) English, Arabic, Central African, Bamileke
Meaning uncertain. It could be derived from Songhai meaning "hollow, hole"
, or from Berber meaning "place of small dunes"
. This is the name of a city in central Mali. Descriptions of the city's wealth and remoteness first reached Europe from the 16th-century Berber author Leo Africanus. Since then the city has been used in Western Culture as a symbol for a distant, mysterious place.