French Submitted Place Names

French names are used in France and other French-speaking regions. See also about French names.
type
usage
Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
ABKHAZIE (Country) French
French form of ABKHAZIA.
ABONDANCE (Political Subdivision) French
ABUJA (Settlement) Western African, Hausa, Igbo, Yoruba, Afrikaans, Arabic, Armenian, Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Urdu
From Abu-Ja, a nickname of 19th-century monarch Abubakar Jatau (sometimes referred to as "Abu"), who founded what is now the city of Abuja in 1828. By some accounts, he was described as having fair skin, which possibly earned him the nickname Ja meaning "red" in Hausa... [more]
ACADIE (Region) French
French form of Acadia.
ACARNANIE (Region) French
French form of Acarnania.
ACEH (Political Subdivision) Indonesian, Banjar, Buginese, Malay, Minangkabau, Danish, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Icelandic, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Filipino, Tagalog
From Acehnese Acèh, which is of uncertain meaning. A popular backronym states that it is derived from Indonesian Arab, Cina, Eropa, Hindia meaning "Arab, China, Europe, Indies" referring to the groups and regions that have historically influenced the people of Aceh... [more]
ACHGABAT (Settlement) French
French form of ASHGABAT.
AÇORES (Political Subdivision & Region) Portuguese, Catalan, French
Portuguese form of AZORES, which has been adopted into Catalan and French.
ADYGUÉE (Political Subdivision) French
French form of ADYGEA.
ALMATY (Settlement) Kazakh, Albanian, Belarusian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkmen, Ukrainian
Meaning uncertain, possibly from Kazakh алма (alma) meaning "apple". This is the name of the largest city in Kazakhstan.
ALOR SETAR (Settlement) Malay, Indonesian, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hindi, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
From Malay alor meaning "river, stream" and setar meaning "gandaria" (a type of fruit). This is the name of a city in Malaysia that serves as the capital of Kedah.
ALPES (Mountain) French, Spanish, Portuguese
French, Spanish and Portuguese form of Alps.
AMBRACIE (Settlement) French
French form of Ambracia.
ANATOLIE (Region) Czech, French
Czech and French form of ANATOLIA.
ANCRE (River) French
This is the name of a river in Picardy, France.
ANDELLE (River) French
The name of a river in Normandy, France.
ANDORRE (Country) French
French form of ANDORRA.
ANJOU (Other) English, French
From the name of the former county/duchy/province centered around the city of Angers in the Loire Valley of western France, which is in the present-day département of Maine-et-Loire. It was the cradle of the House of Plantagenet who ruled England from the twelfth century, of whom the current royal family are descendants... [more]
AOEUR'GNY (Island) Norman
Auregnais Norman version of ALDERNEY.
AOSTE (Settlement) French
French form of AOSTA.
AQUITAINE (Region) French
French form of AQUITANIA. This is the name of a historical region of France located roughly between the Pyrenees, the Atlantic Ocean, and the Garonne... [more]
ARABIE (Political Subdivision & Region) French
French form of ARABIA.
ARABIE SAOUDITE (Country) French
French form of SAUDI ARABIA.
ARACHOSIE (Region) French
French form of Arachosia.
ARCADIE (Political Subdivision & Region) French
French form of ARCADIA.
ARIE (Region) French
French form of Aria.
ARPITANIE (Region) French
French form of Arpitania.
ARUBA (Political Subdivision & Island) Afrikaans, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Italian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian
An island in the Caribbean Sea that is part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
ASTANA (Settlement) Kazakh, Afrikaans, Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Greek, Indian, Hindi, Indonesian, Kyrgyz, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Filipino, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Means "capital city" in Kazakh, ultimately from Persian آستانه (astaneh). This was the name of the capital city of Kazakhstan until 2019, when it was renamed Nur-Sultan.
AURIGNY (Island) French
French version of ALDERNEY.
AUSTRALASIE (Region) Czech, French
Czech and French form of AUSTRALASIA.
AYUTTHAYA (Country & Settlement) Thai, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Derived from Sanskrit अयुध्य (ayudhya) meaning "invincible, unconquerable". This was the name of a kingdom (as well as one of its capital cities) that reigned from 1350 to 1767, considered the precursor of modern Thailand.
AZERBAÏDJAN (Country) French
French form of AZERBAIJAN.
BACHKIRIE (Political Subdivision) French
French form of BASHKIRIA.
BAGUIO (Settlement) Filipino, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Hispanicized form of Ibaloi bagiw meaning "moss". This is the name of a city in the Philippines.
BAHREÏN (Country) French
French form of BAHRAIN.
BAKOU (Settlement) Breton, French, Haitian Creole
Breton, French, and Haitian Creole form of BAKU.
BANDA ACEH (Settlement) Indonesian, Banjar, Minangkabau, Malay, Czech, Danish, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Means "port of Aceh" from Indonesian bandar meaning "port, harbour" (of Persian origin) and ACEH. This is the name of the capital city of the Indonesian province of Aceh.
BANDAR SERI BEGAWAN (Settlement) Malay, Indonesian, Afrikaans, Albanian, Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Filipino, Tagalog
From Malay bandar meaning "town", seri meaning "radiance, splendour, glory", and begawan meaning "holy". The name comes from Seri Begawan, a Malay title used by Bruneian Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien III (1914-1986), which is ultimately derived from Sanskrit श्री भगवान् (shri bhagvan) meaning "radiance of the gods"... [more]
BANDUNG (Settlement) Indonesian, Sundanese, Acehnese, Balinese, Banjar, Malay, Minangkabau, Albanian, Armenian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Kazakh, Korean, Kyrgyz, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, Turkish, Urdu, Uzbek
From Indonesian bendung or bendungan meaning "dam, dike", used to refer to the area in relation to the nearby Citarum River. Local sources also relate the name to the phrase Nga-Bandung-an Banda Indung, which is considered sacred in Sundanese culture... [more]
BANGKOK (Settlement) Thai, Afrikaans, Armenian, Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Korean, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Lao, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Uzbek
Believed to be derived from Thai บาง (bang) meaning "community, village, settlement" and กอก (kok) meaning "olive", possibly used in reference to the olive trees that grew around the area... [more]
BANGLADESH (Country) Bengali, Armenian, Basque, Breton, Bulgarian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Hebrew, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Swahili, Swedish, Uzbek
From Bengali বাংলাদেশ (Bangladeś) meaning "land of the Bengalis", from the name of the Bengali people and Sanskrit देश (deśá) meaning "country, kingdom, land, state"... [more]
BANGSAMORO (Political Subdivision) Filipino, Maguindanao, Maranao, Cebuano, Ilocano, Tagalog, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, French, Georgian, German, Indonesian, Italian, Korean, Malay, Portuguese, Serbian, Spanish, Turkish
From Malay bangsa meaning "nation, country, race" combined with Moro, the collective term for the thirteen predominantly Muslim ethnic groups of the Philippines, which is ultimately of Spanish origin... [more]
BANTEN (Political Subdivision) Indonesian, Sundanese, Acehnese, Balinese, Javanese, Madurese, Malay, Minangkabau, Afrikaans, Albanian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Russian, Serbian, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian
Meaning uncertain. It may be derived from the Sundanese and Bantenese phrase katiban inten meaning "struck down by diamonds", which was used to describe the spead of Islam in the region in the 15th century... [more]
BARI (Settlement) Italian, English, Armenian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Greek, Hungarian, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Sicilian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
From Latin Barium, itself of uncertain origin, possibly from Messapic *baur or *bur, meaning "house", ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bhreu ("to grow, to be"). This is the name of the capital city of Apulia, in southern Italy.
BASTILLE (Other) French
This is the name of a fortress, formally known as Bastille Saint-Antoine, which played an important role in France's internal conflicts.... [more]
BELGRADE (Settlement) English, French, Malay
From Serbian Београд (Beograd) meaning "white city", from the Slavic roots beli or beo meaning "white" combined with grad meaning "city, town". This is the name of the capital city of Serbia.
BÉOTIE (Political Subdivision & Region) French
French form of Boeotia.
BISALTIE (Region) French
French form of Bisaltia.
BOGOR (Settlement) Indonesian, Sundanese, Javanese, Malay, Minangkabau, Afrikaans, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Uzbek
Means "sugar palm" (a type of tree) in Indonesian. This is the name of a city in West Java province, Indonesia.
BONAIRE (Political Subdivision & Island) Afrikaans, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Latvian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
An island in the Caribbean Sea that is a special municipality of the Netherlands.
BOURIATIE (Political Subdivision) French
French form of BURYATIA.
BOUVILLE (Settlement) French
BRESCIA (Settlement) Italian, English, Catalan, French, Polish, Romanian, Sicilian, Spanish, Turkish
From Latin Brixia, itself probably from a Gaulish or Celtic root denoting a hill. This is the name of a city in northern Italy.
BRUGES (Settlement) French, English, Italian, Luxembourgish, Portuguese, Romanian
French form of Brugge, which some countries (mostly Romance ones) have adopted as their name for the Belgian city.
BRUNÉI (Country) French, Javanese, Sundanese
French variant of BRUNEI as well as the Javanese and Sundanese form.
BRUNEI (Country) Malay, Albanian, Basque, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Luxembourgish, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Ukrainian
Probably derived from the name of the island of Borneo, which in turn is most likely from Sanskrit वरुण (váruṇa) meaning "ocean, water". A local legend suggests that the name may be derived from the phrase baru nah meaning "there!" or "that's it!", which was supposedly declared by Muhammad Shah, Brunei's first sultan... [more]
BRUNEÏ (Country) French
Variant of BRUNEI.
BRUXELLES (Settlement) French, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Italian, Romanian
French form of Brussels, which some countries have adopted as their name for the Belgian city.
BUKITTINGGI (Settlement) Indonesian, Minangkabau, Javanese, Malay, Afrikaans, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Polish, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Means "tall hill" from Indonesian bukit meaning "hill" and tinggi meaning "high, tall". This is the name of a city in West Sumatra province, Indonesia.
BURHOU (Island) Norman
A Channel Island in ENGLAND. Means "storehouse island", from 'bur', meaning "storehouse", and -'hou', a Norman suffix derived from Old Norse 'holmr', meaning "island".
BURUNDI (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Breton, Bulgarian, Burmese, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Faroese, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian
The name of the Country in East Africa. Burundi, officially the Republic of Burundi, is a landlocked country in the African Great Lakes region of East Africa, bordered by Rwanda to the north, Tanzania to the east and south, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west.
BUSAN (Settlement) Korean, Afrikaans, Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Serbian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
From Sino-Korean 釜山 (Busan) meaning "cauldron mountain" from 釜 (bu) meaning "cauldron, pot, kettle" and 山 (san) meaning "mountain". This is the name of a city in South Korea.
CAGLIARI (Settlement) Italian, English, Danish, French, Galician, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish
From Latin Calaris, itself from Phoenician Krly, of uncertain meaning. This is the name of the capital city of Sardinia, an island in the Mediterranean Sea and a region of ITALY.
CALÉDONIE (Region) French
French form of Caledonia.
CALIFORNIE (Political Subdivision) French
French form of CALIFORNIA.
CAMBODGE (Country) French
French form of CAMBODIA.
CAQUOROBERT (Island) Norman
Islet in the Channel Islands. Unknown meaning.
CARAÏBES (Region) French
French form of CARIBBEAN.
CARANTANIE (Country) French
French form of CARANTANIA.
CARNIE (Region) French
French form of Carnia.
CASABLANCA (Settlement) Afrikaans, Bosnian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
Means "white house" in Spanish, from casa meaning "house" and blanca meaning "white". The name originates from a Spanish translation of the Arabic name الدَّار الْبَيْضَاء (ad-Dār al-Bayḍāʾ), which in turn was derived from a calque of the Portuguese name Casa Branca... [more]
CASQUET (Island) French
An island chain in the Channel Islands. Could from derived from French 'cascade', referring the nearby strong tides, or from 'casque', referring to the helmet-like shape of the rocks, or from 'cas', meaning "broken" and 'quet', "rock".
CATALONGNE (Political Subdivision & Region) Norman, Picard
Norman and Picard form of CATALONIA.
CAUCASE (Region) French
French form of CAUCASUS.
CEBU (Political Subdivision, Settlement & Island) Filipino, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Afrikaans, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Swedish, Turkish
From Cebuano Sugbo, which is derived from Old Cebuano sibu or sibo meaning "trade", itself a shortened form of sinibuayng hingpit meaning "place for trading". This is the name of an island, province, and city (Cebu City) in the Philippines.
CERQ (Island) Norman
Sercquiais Norman version of SARK.
CHAMPAGNE (Region) French
French region famous for its luxury sparkling wine.... [more]
CHANTILLY (Settlement) French
From the name of a town in France near Paris, ultimately derived from the Gallo-Roman name Cantilius. The city gave its name to a type of delicate lace originally made there.
CHAONIE (Region) French
French form of Chaonia.
CHARDONNAY (Settlement) French
The name of a famous village for the white wine produced here. Means "a place of thistles" from the latin cardonnacum.
CHAUSEY (Island) Norman
A large group of islands in the Channel Islands, FRANCE. The -'ey' is the Norman word for "island".
CHENGDU (Settlement) Chinese, Afrikaans, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Filipino, Tagalog
From Chinese 成 (chéng) meaning "completed, finished, succeeded" and 都 (dū) meaning "capital city, large city", supposedly named during the city's founding by the ninth king of the Kaiming dyntasty of the ancient state of Shu... [more]
CHENNAI (Settlement) Indian, Tamil, Bengali, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Malayalam, Marathi, Telugu, Afrikaans, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Kyrgyz, Malay, Mongolian, Nepali, Norwegian, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Filipino, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Turkish
Most likely from the name of 17th-century Telugu monarch Damarla Chennapa Nayaka (or Chennappa Naicker). This is the name of the capital city of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu, which was officially called Madras until 1996.
CHONGQING (Settlement) Chinese, Afrikaans, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kurdish, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
From Chinese 重 (chóng) meaning "to double, to duplicate" and 庆 (qìng) meaning "celebration, to celebrate". This is the name of a city in China.
CHORASMIE (Region) French
French form of Khwarazm via its Greek and Latin name CHORASMIA.
CIRCASSIE (Region) French
French form of CIRCASSIA.
CISCAUCASIE (Region) French
French form of CISCAUCASIA.
COLMAR (Settlement) French
Alsatian City of Colmar.
COLOMBO (Settlement) Afrikaans, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Luxembourgish, Malay, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
Probably from old Sinhalese kolamba meaning "ferry" or "port". It is popularly believed to be derived from Sinhalese කොලොන් තොට (kolon toṭa) meaning "port on the river Kelani" or කොල අඹ (kola am̆ba) meaning "leafy mango grove", altered with influence from the name of Italian explorer Christopher Columbus or Latin columba meaning "dove"... [more]
CORINTHE (Settlement) French
French form of Corinthus (see CORINTH).
CORINTHIE (Political Subdivision & Region) French
French form of Corinthia.
COSTA RICA (Country) Spanish, Afrikaans, Basque, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Swedish
The name of the Country in Central America. Costa Rica is a rugged, rainforested Central American country with coastlines on the Caribbean and Pacific. Though its capital, San Jose, is home to cultural institutions like the Pre-Columbian Gold Museum, Costa Rica is known for its beaches, volcanoes, and biodiversity... [more]
COTABATO (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Filipino, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
From Maguindanao Kutawatu meaning "stone city", from kuta meaning "city, fort" and wato meaning "stone, rock". This is the name of both a province and a city in the southern Philippines.
CÔTE D'IVOIRE (Country) French
A country in Africa. Also called the Ivory Coast.
CREVICHON (Island) Norman
Islet in the Channel Islands, ENGLAND. Means "isle of crabs, crayfish, and cranes", due to the abundance of those animals in the area.
CRIMÉE (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) French
French form of CRIMEA.
CURAÇAO (Political Subdivision & Island) Afrikaans, Basque, Bosnian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Swedish, Turkish
An island in the Caribbean Sea that is part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
DACCA (Settlement) Finnish, French, Italian, Romanian
Form of DHAKA.
DAGHESTAN (Political Subdivision) French, Italian, Persian, Romanian
French, Italian, Persian, and Romanian form of DAGESTAN.
DARDANIE (Region & Settlement) French
French form of Dardania.
DENPASAR (Settlement) Indonesian, Acehnese, Javanese, Minangkabau, Afrikaans, Albanian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Czech, Dutch, Danish, English, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian
From Balinese ᬤᬾᬦ᭄ᬧᬲᬃ (dénpasar) derived from den meaning "north" and pasar meaning "market". This is the name of a city in Indonesia and the capital of Bali.
DIROUILLES (Island) Norman, French
Islet chain in the Channel Islands. Each rock has many names. May mean "rags", as a direct transliteration of the French word dirouilles.
DITHOUÏL'YES (Island) Norman
Jèrriais Norman version of DIROUILLES
DNIESTR (River) French, Polish
French and Polish form of DNIESTER.
DORTMUND (Settlement) English, Basque, Belarusian, Breton, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, Frisian, German, Greek, Greenlandic, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Occitan, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Welsh
First mentioned in the 9th century AD as Throtmanni, of uncertain origin and meaning, the form Dortmunde first appeared in the 13th century. This is the name of a city in western Germany.
DOUCHANBÉ (Settlement) French
French form of DUSHANBE.
ÊCRÉHO (Island) Norman
Jèrriais Norman version of ÉCRÉHOUS.
ECREHOS (Island) Norman
Variant of ÉCRÉHOUS
ÉCRÉHOUS (Island) Norman, English, Medieval Scandinavian
Island chain in the Channel Islands in ENGLAND. Derived from Old Norse 'esker', as in a "skerry", or a "small, rocky islet". and -hou, meaning "island".
EREVAN (Settlement) Armenian, Belarusian, Bulgarian, French, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Mongolian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovene, Tajik, Ukrainian
Alternate transcription of YEREVAN as well as the form used in various languages.
ÉTATS UNIS (Country) French
French form of UNITED STATES
ÉTRURIE (Region) French
French form of ETRURIA.
EUPHRATE (River) French
French form of EUPHRATES.
EURASIE (Region) Czech, French
Czech and French form of EURASIA.
EUROPE (Region) Ancient Greek, English, French, Scots
From EUROPA, the name of a Phoenician princess in Greek mythology. This is the name of a continent in the Northern Hemisphere.
FLORENCE (Settlement) English, Dutch, French, Latvian
From Latin FLORENTIA, derived from florens, ("flowering"), ultimately from flos, meaning "flower". This is the name of the capital city of TUSCANY, in central Italy, as well as several settlements throughout the United States.... [more]
FLORIDE (Political Subdivision) French
French form of FLORIDA.
FORILLON (Other) French
National park in QUEBEC, CANADA. The name is thought to refer to a flowerpot island or sea stack in the area that has since been submerged in the ocean.
FUNDY (Other & Body of Water) French
Bay and national park in NEW BRUNSWICK, CANADA. The name comes from the French word 'fendu', meaning "split".
GABON (Country) Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Turkish
Derived from Portuguese gabão meaning "cloak, overcoat", used to refer to the shape of the estuary of the Komo River by Libreville. This is the name of a country in Central Africa along the Atlantic coast.
GALILÉE (Region) French
French form of GALILEE.
GAMBIE (Country & River) Czech, French
Czech and French form of GAMBIA.
GANGE (River) French, Italian
French and Italian form of GANGES.
GATINEAU (Settlement & River) French (Quebec)
City and river in QUEBEC, CANADA. Named after city official Nicholas Gatineau dit Duplessis.
GÉDROSIE (Region) French
French form of Gedrosia.
GENÈVE (Settlement) French
French form of GENEVA.
GRÈCE (Country) French
French form of GREECE.
GROENLAND (Political Subdivision) Dutch, French, Afrikaans
Dutch, French and Afrikaans form of GREENLAND.
GROZNY (Settlement) Russian, Dutch, English, French, Indonesian, Kazakh, Malay, Mongolian, Polish, Tagalog
Means "formidable, menacing, fearsome" in Russian. This is the name of the capital city of Chechnya.
GUAM (Political Subdivision & Island) Afrikaans, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
The name of the Territory. Guam is a U.S. island territory in Micronesia, in the Western Pacific. It's distinguished by tropical beaches, Chamorro villages and ancient latte-stone pillars. Guam’s WWII significance is on view at the War in the Pacific National Historical Park, whose sites include Asan Beach, a former battlefield... [more]
GUERNÉSI (Island) Norman
Guernésiais Norman version of GUERNSEY.
HAERME (Island) Norman
Norman version of HERM.
HAÏTI (Country & Island) French, Dutch, Afrikaans
French, Dutch and Afrikaans form of HAITI.
HANOÏ (Settlement) French
French form of HANOI.
HAT YAI (Settlement) Thai, Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
From a short form of Thai มะหาดใหญ่ (má-hàat yai) meaning "big monkey fruit" (a type of tree). This is the name of a city in southern Thailand.
HAVANE (Settlement) French
French form of HAVANA, usually written with the definite article: La Havane.
HAWAÏ (Political Subdivision & Island) Dutch, French
Dutch and French form of HAWAII.
HOUMET (Island) Norman
The Houmets are an islet chain in the Channel Islands. The name is from the Norman word 'hou', meaning "island".
HYRCANIE (Region) French
French form of Hyrcania.
INDONÉSIE (Country) Czech, French
Czech and French form of INDONESIA.
INGOUCHIE (Political Subdivision) French
French form of INGUSHETIA.
IPOH (Settlement) Malay, Indonesian, Banjar, Bulgarian, Czech, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Italian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
From Malay ipuh meaning "upas (a type of poisonous tree)". This is the name of a city in Malaysia that serves as the capital of the state of Perak.
ISÈRE (Other) French
The name of a region as well as a river in France.
ISLAMABAD (Settlement) Afrikaans, Armenian, Belarusian, Bengali, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Ukrainian, Uyghur
From Urdu اسلام آباد (Islām ābād) meaning "city of Islam" from the name of the religion of Islam and Urdu آباد (ābād) meaning "inhabited place, city". This is the name of the capital city of Pakistan.
ISLANDE (Country & Island) French, Latvian
French and Latvian form of ICELAND.
ISRAËL (Country) Dutch, French
Dutch and French form of ISRAEL.
ISTANBUL (Settlement) Arabic, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, English, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Urdu, Uyghur, Uzbek
From Turkish İstanbul, which comes from a misinterpretation of the Medieval Greek phrase εἰς τὴν Πόλιν (eis tḗn pólin) meaning "to the City", a colloquial name for the city of Constantinople (reflecting its status as the only major city in the vicinity)... [more]
ITHAQUE (Island) French
French form of ITHACA.
JAKARTA (Settlement) Indonesian, Acehnese, Balinese, Javanese, Madurese, Malay, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Arabic, Armenian, Bengali, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Mongolian, Persian, Romanian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkmen, Urdu, Uzbek
From Sanskrit जयकर्त (jayakarta) meaning "that which causes victory", from जय (jaya) meaning "victory, conquest" and कृत (krta) meaning "done, made, accomplished"... [more]
JAMAÏQUE (Country & Island) French
French form of JAMAICA.
JAVA (Political Subdivision & Island) Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Icelandic, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Mongolian, Nepali, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Serbian, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik
From Indonesian Jawa, which is of uncertain origin. It is most likely derived from Sanskrit यव-द्वीप (yava-dvīpa) meaning "island of barley", though it may have come from Javanese ꦗꦸꦮꦮꦸꦠ꧀ (juwawut) meaning "foxtail millet (a type of plant)" or Malay jauh meaning "far, distant"... [more]
JÈRRI (Island) Norman
Jèrriais Norman version of JERSEY.
JETHOU (Island) Norman
One of the Channel Islands in ENGLAND. The -'hou' suffix means small island or small hill.
JOHANNESBURG (Settlement) French (African)
Origin of Johannesburg's name is explained. In reaction to an inquiry, officials in Pretoria replied that Johannesburg was named after Johann Friedrich Bernhard Rissik and Christiaan Johannes Joubert - the only document dealing directly with the origin of the city's name.
JOHOR (Political Subdivision) Malay, Indonesian, Acehnese, Banjar, Javanese, Minangkabau, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
From Arabic جَوْهَر (jawhar) meaning "jewel, precious stone", ultimately from Persian جوهر (jowhar). This is the name of a state in southern Malaysia.
JOHOR BAHRU (Settlement) Malay, Indonesian, Banjar, Javanese, Minangkabau, Czech, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish, Tagalog, Turkish
Means "new gem" from Arabic جَوْهَر‎ (jawhar) meaning "jewel, precious stone, gem" and Malay bahru meaning "new". This is the name of a city in Malaysia.
JOLO (Settlement & Island) Filipino, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Azerbaijani, Croatian, Czech, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Swedish
Probably from Hokkien 好儂 (hó lâng) meaning "good people", named by Chinese traders to reflect how they perceived the native people of the region. This is the name of an island in the southern Philippines as well as the capital city of the province of Sulu.
JUDÉE (Region) French
French form of Iudaea (see JUDEA).
KABOUL (Settlement) French
French form of KABUL.
KALIMANTAN (Political Subdivision, Island & Region) Indonesian, Acehnese, Balinese, Banjar, Buginese, Javanese, Malay, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Czech, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hindi, Icelandic, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Turkish, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Means "burning weather (island)" from Sanskrit काल (kālá) meaning "time, season" and क्वथन (kvathana) meaning "boiling, churning". This is the name of the Indonesian portion of the island of Borneo, though it is used to refer to the entire island in Indonesian... [more]
KALMOUKIE (Political Subdivision) French
French form of KALMYKIA.
KARAGANDA (Settlement) Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, Indonesian, Italian, Lithuanian, Norwegian, Polish, Russian
From Kazakh Қарағанды (Qaraghandy), which is derived from қараған (qaraghan) meaning "caragana (a type of flower)". This is the name of a city in Kazakhstan.
KASHIWA (Settlement) Japanese, Arabic, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Malay, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Urdu
From Japanese 柏 (kashiwa) meaning "oak". This is the name of a city in Chiba Prefecture, Japan.
KATMANDOU (Settlement) French
French form of KATHMANDU.
KAZAN (Settlement) Tatar, Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Buryat, Chechen, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, Hindi, Indonesian, Ingush, Japanese, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Lezgin, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Romanian, Russian, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Yakut
Probably from Turkic qazan meaning "kettle, cauldron". This is the name of the capital city of Tatarstan.
KAZBEK (Mountain) Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bashkir, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tajik, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From Russian Казбек (Kazbek) which is from Arabic قَاضِي (qāḍī) meaning "judge, arbiter" combined with the Turkish military title beg meaning "chieftain, master"... [more]
KEDAH (Political Subdivision) Malay, Indonesian, Acehnese, Banjar, Azerbaijani, Bengali, Bulgarian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Italian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
From Arabic قتح‎ (qataḥa), which is derived from the Tamil name கடாரம் (kadāram) possibly meaning "boiler, stockpot, cauldron". This is the name of a Malaysian state.
KELANTAN (Political Subdivision) Malay, Indonesian, Acehnese, Banjar, Javanese, Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian
Meaning uncertain, possibly from Malay gelam hutam meaning "cajeput" (a type of tree), kilatan meaning "lightning, flash" or kolam tanah meaning "dirt pool". Alternatively, it may be from Tamil கோலம் (kolam), which is another name for rangoli, an art form from the Indian subcontinent consisting of stylised designs made of powder... [more]
KIRGHIZIE (Country) French
French form of KYRGYZSTAN via its Russian name KIRGIZIYA. This is an alternative name for the country; the standard name in France is KIRGHIZISTAN.
KOMI (Political Subdivision) Komi, Russian, Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kazakh, Korean, Kyrgyz, Latvian, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From the name of the Komi people, which is most likely derived from the Finno-Ugric word kojema meaning "man, human", but also possibly from the name of the Kama River... [more]
KOMODO (Settlement & Island) Indonesian, Banjar, Javanese, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Malay, Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Lithuanian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Ukrainian
Meaning uncertain, possibly from the name of a local ethnic group. This is the name of an island and village in eastern Indonesia.
KOSOVO (Country) Afrikaans, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Indonesian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Ukrainian
From Albanian Kosova or Kosovë, which is derived from Serbian кос (kos) meaning "blackbird", an ellipsis of Косово Поље (Kosovo Polje) meaning "blackbird field"... [more]
KOTA BHARU (Settlement) Malay, Indonesian, Banjar, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Means "new city" in Malay, from kota meaning "city, town, fort" and baharu meaning "new". This is the name of a city in Malaysia that serves as the capital of Kelantan.
KOWEÏT (Country) French
French form of KUWAIT.
KRABI (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Thai, Arabic, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Tajik, Turkish, Urdu
Means "sword" in Thai. This is the name of a province and city in southern Thailand.
KUALA LUMPUR (Settlement) Malay, Indonesian, Acehnese, Banjar, Javanese, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Afrikaans, Armenian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Macedonian, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Turkmen, Uzbek
Means "muddy confluence" from Malay kuala meaning "confluence" and lumpur meaning "mud". This is the name of the capital and largest city of Malaysia.
KUALA TERENGGANU (Settlement) Malay, Indonesian, Banjar, Bulgarian, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
From Malay kuala meaning "confluence" combined with TERENGGANU. This is the name of a city in Malaysia that serves as the capital of the state of Terengganu.
KUCHING (Settlement) Malay, Indonesian, Banjar, Armenian, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Indian, Hindi, Hungarian, Italian, Korean, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Urdu, Uzbek
Probably either derived from Malay kucing meaning "cat" or from Cochin (or Kochi), the name of a city in India. Other theories suggest that the name comes from Malay mata kucing, the name of a type of fruit, or from Chinese 古 (gǔ) meaning "old, ancient" combined with 井 (jǐng) meaning "well, pit"... [more]
LAÂYOUNE (Settlement) French, Afrikaans, Icelandic
French, Afrikaans and Icelandic form of LAAYOUNE.
LACONIE (Political Subdivision & Region) French
French form of LACONIA.
LAGOS (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Western African, Hausa, Igbo, Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Turkmen, Uzbek
From Portuguese lagos meaning "lakes". This is the name of a city in Nigeria as well as a state of the same name.
LAMPUNG (Political Subdivision) Indonesian, Acehnese, Balinese, Javanese, Malay, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Albanian, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Urdu
From the name of a 7th-century kingdom, Tolang Pohwang, which was derived from Lampungese to meaning "people" and Lang Pohwang, an old name for Lampung of uncertain origin. This is the name of an Indonesian province in southern Sumatra.
LANAO (Political Subdivision & Body of Water) Filipino, Cebuano, Tagalog, Ilocano, Pampangan, Chinese, Czech, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Russian, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian
From Maranao ranaw meaning "lake, body of water". This is the name of a lake and two provinces in the southern Philippines.
LATINA (Settlement) Italian, English, Finnish, French
Derived from the former name Latinia, itself adopted in 1944 to replace the name Littoria, which had been chosen by the Fascist government upon the inauguration of the city in 1932... [more]
LETTONIE (Country) French
French form of LATVIA via its New Latin name LETTONIA.
LHASSA (Settlement) French
French form of LHASA.
LIBURNIE (Region) French
French form of Liburnia.
LIBYE (Country) Czech, French, Yiddish
Czech, French, and Yiddish form of LIBYA.
LIHOU (Island) Norman, Breton
Island in the Channel Islands in ENGLAND. From the Breton words 'lydd' or 'ligg', meaning "in or near water", and the Norman suffix -'hou', meaning "island". The island and reef in AUSTRALIA named after this island.
LILLE (Settlement) French
Name of a city in France.
LISBONNE (Settlement) French
French form of LISBON.
LIVONIE (Region) French
French form of LIVONIA.
LONGYEARBYEN (Settlement) Norwegian, English, Afrikaans, Asturian, Basque, Breton, Catalan, Cebuano, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Esperanto, Estonian, Finnish, French, Galician, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Interlingua, Italian, Malay, Manx, Maori, North Frisian, Piedmontese, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Sami, Scots, Scottish Gaelic, Serbian, Silesian, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish, Turkish, Vietnamese, West Frisian
Means "The Longyear town" in Norwegian. Longyearbyen is the main settlement of the Norwegian archipelago SVALBARD in the Arctic Ocean. The town was named after American businessman John Munro LONGYEAR (1850-1922) whose company helped develop the settlement.
LUCERNE (Settlement) English, French
LUÇON (Island) French
French form of LUZON.
LUSITANIE (Political Subdivision & Region) French
French form of Lusitania.
MADRID (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Spanish, Afrikaans, Arabic, Armenian, Asturian, Azerbaijani, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Galician, German, Hebrew, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Turkmen, Uzbek
From the older name Magerit, which is of uncertain meaning and origin. It may be derived from Arabic اَلْمَجْرِيط‎ (al-majrīṭ) meaning "source of water", from Latin matrix meaning "mother, source, origin (of rivers)", or from Celtic mageto ritu meaning "great bridge"... [more]
MAGUINDANAO (Political Subdivision) Filipino, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Swedish, Turkish
From Spanish Maguindanao, which is a corruption of Magindanaw, the endonym of the Maguindanao people. The ethnic name means "people of the flood plains" or "people of the lake" from the word danao meaning "lake"... [more]
MAÏKOP (Settlement) French
French form of MAYKOP.
MAJAPAHIT (Country & Settlement) Indonesian, Acehnese, Balinese, Banjar, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Malay, Afrikaans, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Sanskrit, Swedish, Filipino, Tagalog, Turkish
Means "bitter maja", from Javanese maja referring to the bael tree (genus Aegle) and Malay pahit meaning "bitter, acrid". This was the name of a kingdom (as well as its capital city) based on the island of Java that existed from 1293 to 1527.
MAKASSAR (Settlement) Indonesian, Acehnese, Buginese, Javanese, Malay, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Romanian, Swedish, Thai, Turkish
From Makassarese akkasaraki nabbiya meaning "appearance of the prophet", taken from a legend in which a 16th-century king was supposedly approached by the Prophet Muhammad himself. This is the name of a city in Indonesia that serves as the capital of the South Sulawesi province.
MAKHATCHKALA (Settlement) French, Portuguese
French and Portuguese form of MAKHACHKALA.
MALACCA (Country, Political Subdivision, Settlement & Body of Water) English, French, Italian, Romanian
From Malay Melaka, probably derived from the Malay name for the Indian gooseberry (genus Phyllanthus), a type of tree. This is the name of a state in southern Malaysia as well as a city (Malacca City) and a narrow body of water between the Malay Peninsula and the island of Sumatra (the Strait of Malacca)... [more]
MALAISIE (Country) French
French form of MALAYSIA.
MALDIVES (Country) Catalan, English, French, Greek, Malay
Uncertain, possibly means "Malé islands" from Dhivehi މާލެ (māle) referring to Malé, the capital city of the Maldives, combined with Sanskrit द्वीप (dvīpá) meaning "island"... [more]
MALI (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Burmese, Catalan, Chinese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Lao, Latvian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Tatar, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From the name of the Mali Empire, which was derived from Mandinka or Bambara mali meaning "hippopotamus" or "the place where the king lives". This is the name of a landlocked country in West Africa.
MANAMA (Settlement) Arabic, Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bengali, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Greek, Hungarian, Icelandic, Italian, Japanese, Kazakh, Korean, Kyrgyz, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Tibetan, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek
Means "place of sleep, place of rest" in Arabic. This is the name of the capital city of Bahrain, usually written with the definite article: المنامة (al-Manama) in Arabic.
MANDALAY (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Afrikaans, Albanian, Arabic, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From Burmese မန္တလေး (mandale) of unclear origin, possibly from Sanskrit मण्डल (mandala) meaning "circle, disk". This is the name of an administrative division of Myanmar as well as its regional capital.
MANILLE (Settlement) French
French form of MANILA.
MARAWI (Settlement) Filipino, Maranao, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Albanian, Arabic, Dutch, English, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Urdu
From Maraghui or Marahui, the name of a Maranao fort and settlement that was seiged in 1895, which is of uncertain meaning. This is the name of a city in the southern Philippines that serves as the capital of the Lanao del Sur province.
MAURITANIE (Country) French
French form of MAURITANIA.
MEDAN (Settlement) Indonesian, Batak, Banjar, Minangkabau, Malay, Afrikaans, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Indian, Hindi, Hungarian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Kyrgyz, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Possibly from Tamil மைதானம் (maidhāṉam) meaning "ground, field". This is the name of the capital city of the Indonesian province of North Sumatra.
MEIJE (Mountain) French
From Occitan meija meaning "middle, centre, half," taken from its original name l'Agulha de la Meija meaning "the needle of the Meije."... [more]
MELVILLE (Region) English, French, Scottish
Means "bad town" in French.
MERAPI (Mountain) Indonesian, Javanese, Balinese, Banjar, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Malay, Albanian, Armenian, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Greek, Indian, Hindi, Hungarian, Italian, Kazakh, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian
From Sanskrit मेरु (Meru), the name of a legendary mountain in Buddhist and Hindu mythology, combined with Indonesian api meaning "fire". This is the name of a volcano on the island of Java in Indonesia.
MESSÉNIE (Political Subdivision & Region) Czech, French
Czech and French form of Messenia.
MINDANAO (Island) Filipino, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kazakh, Korean, Kyrgyz, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From a Spanish corruption of Magindanaw, the endonym of the Maguindanao people. The ethnic name means "people of the flood plains" or "people of the lake" from Maguindanao danao meaning "lake"... [more]
MINQUIER (Island) Breton, Norman, English
An island chain in the Channel Islands, ENGLAND. Could be from Breton 'minihi', meaning "sanctuary, or from 'minkier' meaning "seller of fish".
MINSK (Settlement) Belarusian, Afrikaans, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Indian, Hindi, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tajik, Turkish, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek
From Old East Slavic Мѣньскъ (Měnĭskŭ), which was derived from a river named Men. This is the name of the capital city of Belarus.
MÎNTCHIÈR (Island) Norman
Jèrriais Norman version of MINQUIER
MIRABEAU (Political Subdivision) French
From Provençal mirar ("to see") and bel ("beautiful"). This is the name of a commune in the Vaucluse department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region, which is in southeastern France.
MODÈNE (Settlement) French
French form of MODENA.
MOLUQUES (Region) Catalan, French
Catalan and French form of Moluccas, which is a common alternative name for the Maluku Islands.
MONACO (Country) English, French
This is the name of a sovereign city-state and microstate bordering France on three sides and the Mediterranean Sea on one side.... [more]
MONROVIA (Settlement) Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Bosnian, Czech, Danish, English, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, Greek, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
The capital city of Liberia, named after American president James MONROE (1758-1831).
NAMIBIE (Country) Czech, French
Czech and French form of NAMIBIA.
NARATHIWAT (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Thai, Dutch, English, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
From Thai นร (nara) meaning "man" and อธิวาส (athiwat) meaning "residence, house". This is the name of a province and city in southern Thailand.
NAVARRE (Country) French
From the name of the historic Royaume de Navarre, a kingdom in the West Pyrenees mountains which is divided today between Spain and France. It is either derived from the Basque nabar, meaning "brownish" or "multicolor" (which would be a contrast with the green mountain lands north of the original County of Navarre); or from the Basque naba, "valley" or "plain", and herri, "land" or "people".
NAYPYIDAW (Settlement) Afrikaans, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Swedish, Filipino, Tagalog, Turkish
From Burmese နေပြည်တော် (Nepyidaw) meaning "abode of the king" or "royal abode", from နေပြည် (ne-pyi) meaning "abode" and တော် (taw) meaning "royal, sacred"... [more]
NAZRAN (Settlement) Russian, Arabic, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Greek, Norwegian, Ossetian, Portuguese, Persian, Romanian, Swedish, Tagalog, Tatar, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek
From Ingush Наьсаре (Nasare) possibly from Нясара (Nyasara), supposedly the name of the first person to settle in the region. This is the name of a town in Ingushetia that served as the republic's capital until 2000.
NEGERI SEMBILAN (Political Subdivision) Malay, Indonesian, Acehnese, Banjar, Javanese, Bulgarian, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Means "nine states" from Malay negeri meaning "state, country" and sembilan meaning "nine". The name refers to the nine original villages founded by Minangkabau settlers from Sumatra. This is the name of a state in Malaysia.
NICOSIE (Settlement) French
French form of NICOSIA.
NINGXIA (Political Subdivision) Chinese, Afrikaans, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Kurdish, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
From Chinese 宁 (níng) meaning "peaceful, calm, serene" and 夏 (xià) referring to the Western Xia, an empire that existed from 1038 to 1227... [more]
NOUAKCHOTT (Settlement) French, Afrikaans, Albanian, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog
From Arabic نواكشوط (Nuwākšūṭ), which is from Tamazight Nawākšūṭ meaning "place of the winds" or inua u-kshut meaning "made of wood, made of sticks". This is the name of the capital of Mauritania.
NUNAVUT (Political Subdivision) Native American, Inuit, English, French
Means "our land" in Inuktitut. This is the name of a territory of Canada.
OCCITANIE (Region) French, English
The name of a southernmost administrative region in France. Not to be confused with OCCITANIA, the historical region which it is named after.
OMAN (Country) Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bengali, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Burmese, Catalan, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kazakh, Korean, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Uyghur
From Arabic عمان‎ (ʿUmān), which is of disputed etymology. It may be from Arabic عُمَانَة (ʿumāna), a byname for the historical city of Sohar (presently located in Al Batinah North Governorate, Oman), which is probably derived from the root ع م ن‎ (ʿ-m-n) meaning "to settle, to remain, to dwell"... [more]
ORAN (Settlement) Afrikaans, Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Japanese, Kazakh, Korean, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Swedish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From Arabic وَهران‎ (Wahrān) which is ultimately from the Berber root hr meaning "lion". This is the name of a city in Algeria.
ORIVAL (Settlement) French
Derived from Latin aurea vallis meaning "golden vale/valley," the name belonging to three communes (one since defunct), located in the Seine-Maritime & Somme départements of northern France and Charente département of western France.
ORSAY (Settlement) French
A town near Paris. Originates from the Latin given name ORCIUS
ORTAC (Island) Norman
A small Channel Island in ENGLAND. Likely means "large rock at the edge" from the Norman 'or', meaning "edge", and 'etac', meaning "stack", referring to the geological landform.
OSSÉTIE (Region) French
French form of OSSETIA.
OUDMOURTIE (Political Subdivision) French
French form of UDMURTIA.
OUFA (Settlement & River) French
French form of UFA.
OULAN-BATOR (Settlement) French
French form of ULAANBAATAR.
OULAN-OUDE (Settlement) French
French form of ULAN-UDE.
OURAL (Region, River & Mountain) French
French form of URAL.
OUZBÉKISTAN (Country) French
French form of UZBEKISTAN.
PADANG (Settlement) Indonesian, Minangkabau, Acehnese, Balinese, Javanese, Malay, Sundanese, Afrikaans, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Korean, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Urdu, Uzbek
Means "field, plain" in Indonesian. This is the name of the capital city of the Indonesian province of West Sumatra.
PAHANG (Political Subdivision & River) Malay, Indonesian, Banjar, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Italian, Korean, Macedonian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Urdu
Uncertain, possibly from mahang, the Malay name for a type of tree native to the area (genus Macaranga), or from Khmer ប៉ាហាំង (paahang) meaning "tin". This is the name of a Malaysian state as well as a river that flows through the region.
PALEMBANG (Settlement) Indonesian, Malay, Javanese, Minangkabau, Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Indian, Hindi, Hungarian, Icelandic, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Uzbek
Meaning unclear, possibly from the prefix pa- denoting location combined with Malay limbang meaning "to pan gold, to wash rice" or lembang meaning "to cause (water) to flow" or "lowland basin, valley" (a reference to the area's geography as a wetland)... [more]
PALESTINE (Region) English, Biblical, French
From Hebrew Pelesheth, which probably means "land of the Philistines". This is the name of a historical/geographic region in Western Asia.... [more]
PANAMA (Country) Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Belarusian, Bengali, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Burmese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Irish, Italian, Japanese, Kazakh, Khmer, Korean, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Lao, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek
From Spanish Panamá of uncertain meaning. It may be derived from the name of a tree commonly found in the area (genus Sterculia), from an indigenous word meaning "many butterflies", from Kuna bannaba meaning "distant, far away", or from a Guaraní word meaning "place of many fish"... [more]
PANGASINAN (Political Subdivision) Filipino, Pangasinan, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu
From the name of the Pangasinan people meaning "place of salt" or "land of salt", derived from Pangasinan pang- meaning "for", asin meaning "salt", and the place marker suffix -an... [more]
PARIAMAN (Settlement) Indonesian, Minangkabau, Javanese, Malay, Dutch, English, French, Italian, Polish, Russian, Swedish, Turkish, Urdu
From Arabic بر أمان (barr 'aman) meaning "safe land, secure land". This is the name of a town in West Sumatra province, Indonesia.
PARTHIE (Region) French
French form of Parthia.
PÉLAGONIE (Region) French
French form of Pelagonia.
PENANG (Political Subdivision & Island) Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Spanish, Turkish
From Malay Pulau Pinang meaning "betel palm island", from pinang meaning "betel nut" or "betel palm" (a type of tree). This is the name of an island and state in Malaysia.
PÉONIE (Region) French
French form of Paeonia.
PERAK (Political Subdivision) Malay, Indonesian, Acehnese, Banjar, Minangkabau, Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Italian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tamil, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian
Means "silver" in Malay, named in reference to the region's position as one of the world's largest sources of tin. This is the name of a state of Malaysia.
PERLIS (Political Subdivision) Malay, Indonesian, Acehnese, Banjar, Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian
Of unclear origin, possibly from the Thai phrase พร้าวลอย (práao loi) meaning "floating coconut" or "coconut washed ashore", a reference to the many coconuts once found along the shores of the region... [more]
PHNOM PENH (Settlement) Afrikaans, Albanian, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovene, Swedish, Filipino, Tagalog, Turkish
From Khmer ភ្នំពេញ (Phnum Pin) meaning "Penh's hill", from ភ្នំ (phnum) meaning "hill, mountain" and ពេញ (pin), the name of a legendary woman who supposedly founded the city in 1372... [more]
PHUKET (Political Subdivision, Settlement & Island) Thai, Albanian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Lao, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Derived from Malay bukit meaning "hill". This is the name of an island, province, and city in southern Thailand.
PLOVDIV (Settlement) Bulgarian, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Uzbek
From a Thracian translation of the Latin name Pulpudeva, which is possibly derived from the given name PHILLIP and Dacian dava meaning "city, town, fortress"... [more]
POLYNÉSIE (Region) Czech, French
Czech and French form of POLYNESIA.
PORTO RICO (Political Subdivision) French, Italian, Portuguese
French, Italian and Portuguese form of PUERTO RICO.
PRATO (Settlement) Italian, English, French, Esperanto, German, Spanish, Dutch
Italian for "meadow". This is the name of a city in northern Italy, which was probably chosen because the city was founded on a meadow.
PUNCAK JAYA (Mountain) Indonesian, Balinese, Javanese, Malay, Sundanese, Bosnian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Norwegian, Romanian, Slovak, Swedish, Turkish
Means "summit of victory" from Indonesian puncak meaning "top, summit, peak" and jaya meaning "victory". This is the name of the highest mountain in Indonesia located on the island of New Guinea, sometimes referred to as the Carstensz Pyramid.
PUTRAJAYA (Settlement) Malay, Indonesian, Acehnese, Javanese, Minangkabau, English, Afrikaans, Armenian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Indian, Hindi, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Romanian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Filipino, Tagalog, Turkish
Derived from Malay putra or putera meaning "prince", ultimately from Sanskrit पुत्र (putra), and jaya meaning "success, victory", ultimately from Sanskrit जय (jaya)... [more]
PYONGYANG (Settlement) Korean, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, French, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Kurdish, Malay, Norwegian, Portuguese, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Uyghur
From Sino-Korean 平 (pyeong) meaning "flat, level, plane" and 壤 (yang) meaning "soil, land". This is the name of the capital city of North Korea.
PYRÉNÉES (Mountain) French
French form of Pyrenees.
QATAR (Country) Arabic, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Persian, Romanian, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Urdu, Uyghur, Uzbek
From Catharrei, the name given to the inhabitants of region by Roman writer Pliny the Elder, which may have been based on the name of a local settlement. The name Catara was later used by Greek astronomer Ptolemy to refer to the peninsula, which was eventually transmitted into Arabic... [more]
QUEZON (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Filipino, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Afrikaans, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Swedish, Turkish
From the surname QUEZON, named in honour of Manuel Quezon (1878-1844), the second president of the Philippines. This is the name of both a province and city in the Philippines.
RABAT (Settlement) Arabic, Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bosnian, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hebrew, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian
Means "ribat" in Arabic, referring to a type of fortification used during the Muslim conquest of the Maghreb. It is also used as a shortened form of the city's Arabic nickname, رباط الفتح (ribatu l-fath), which means "fortification of conquest, fortification of victory"... [more]
RAKHINE (Political Subdivision) English, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
From Arakanese ရခိုင် (rahkaing), the name of the Rakhine (or Arakanese) people, which is believed to be derived from Pali Rakkhapura or Rakkhita meaning "land of the Rakshasas" (the name of a legendary creature in Hindu mythology)... [more]
RANGOUN (Settlement) French
French form of YANGON.
RHIN (River) French
French form of Rhine.
RHODÉSIE (Country) French
French form of RHODESIA.
RIGA (Settlement) Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Bengali, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Faroese, French, Georgian, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kazakh, Korean, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Turkmen, Urdu, Uyghur, Uzbek
From Latvian Rīga, origin disputed. It may be derived from Livonian ringa meaning "loop", referring to an ancient harbor formed by the tributary loop of the Daugava river, from Riege, the German name of the Rīdzene (a tributary of the Daugava), or from Latvian rija meaning "threshing barn"... [more]
ROER (River) Dutch, French, Italian, Luxembourgish
Dutch, French, Italian and Luxembourgish form of Rur.
RUEN (Settlement) Slavic, French
Ruen is the name of a village in Southeastern Bulgaria, in the province Burgas.... [more]
SABAH (Political Subdivision) Malay, Indonesian, Acehnese, Banjar, Javanese, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Indian, Hindi, Hungarian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Romanian, Serbian, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Urdu
Of uncertain meaning, possibly from the name of the saba banana (a cultivar originally from the Philippines), which comes from a Visayan word meaning "loud, noisy". Other theories suggest that it is derived from a Brunei Malay word meaning "upstream, northerly", from Malay sabak referring to a place where palm sugar is extracted, or from Arabic صباح (sabah) meaning "morning"... [more]
SAHARA (Country & Region) Afrikaans, Armenian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Faroese, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kannada, Korean, Kurdish, Macedonian, Malay, Malayalam, Marathi, Nepali, Norwegian, Polish, Punjabi, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish, Tagalog, Telugu, Thai, Turkmen, Yiddish
Derived from Arabic صَحَارَى‎ (ṣaḥārā) meaning "deserts", the plural of صَحْرَاء (ṣaḥrāʾ) meaning "desert". This is the name of a desert in Northern Africa as well as a disputed territory and semi-independent state (Western Sahara).
SAINT GERMAIN (Region) French
Named after the French Saint Germain.
SAINT-MALO (Settlement) French
An historic French port located in the Ille-et-Vilaine department of Brittany on the English Channel coast, named after Saint MALO.
SAKHA (Political Subdivision) Yakut, Russian, Arabic, Armenian, Belarusian, Danish, English, French, Georgian, Hindi, Indonesian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Malay, Mongolian, Persian, Portuguese, Tagalog, Thai, Ukrainian, Urdu
From the name of the Sakha (Yakut) people, which is derived from Turkic jaka meaning "collar, edge". This is the name of a Russian federal republic also referred to as Yakutia.
SAMARIE (Region) French
French form of Samaria.
SAPPORO (Settlement) Japanese, Afrikaans, Azerbaijani, Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hindi, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Turkish, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From Ainu サッ・ポロ・ペッ (sat poro pet) meaning "dry, great river", referring to the Toyohira River. This is the name of a city in northern Japan that serves as the capital of the Hokkaido Prefecture.
SARAJEVO (Settlement) Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Norwegian, Malay, Maltese, Portuguese, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
From Turkish saray meaning "palace, mansion, house" and ova meaning "plain, lowland" or the Slavic suffix -evo used to indicate place names. This is the name of the capital city of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
SARAWAK (Political Subdivision) Malay, Indonesian, Acehnese, Banjar, Javanese, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Korean, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Romanian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Urdu
Probably from Sarawak Malay serawak or serewa meaning "antimony". This is the name of a state in eastern Malaysia.
SARDAIGNE (Region & Island) French
French form of SARDINIA.
SATUN (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Thai, Arabic, Bulgarian, Dutch, English, French, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Lao, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Tajik, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu
Derived from Malay sentul meaning "santol" (a type of tropical fruit). This is the name of a province and city in southern Thailand.
SELANGOR (Political Subdivision) Malay, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Meaning uncertain. It may be derived from Malay langau meaning "horsefly", from the name Salang Ur meaning "Salang village" (from the name of the Salang people and Tamil ஊர் (ūr) meaning "village, town"), or from Malay salang possibly meaning "stabbing" combined with jemur meaning "to burn, to dry (in the sun)"... [more]
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