French Submitted Place Names

French names are used in France and other French-speaking regions. See also about French names.
type
usage
Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
Abkhazie (Country) French
French form of Abkhazia.
Abondance (Political Subdivision) French
Abyssinie (Country) French
French form of Abyssinia
Acadie (Region) French
French form of Acadia.
Acarnanie (Region) French
French form of Acarnania.
Achgabat (Settlement) French
French form of Ashgabat.
Açores (Political Subdivision & Region) Portuguese, Catalan, French
Portuguese form of Azores, which has been adopted into Catalan and French.
Aden (Settlement & Body of Water) English, Armenian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Hebrew, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Polish, Russian, Serbian, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian
From Akkadian edinu, "plain, lowland", itself loaned from Sumerian eden ("plain, open country"). This is the name of a city and a gulf in Yemen.
Adyguée (Political Subdivision) French
French form of Adygea.
Afrique Du Sud (Country) French
French form of South Africa
Ain (River & Political Subdivision) French
A river and department in France.
Alpes (Mountain) French, Spanish, Portuguese
French, Spanish and Portuguese form of Alps.
Ambracie (Settlement) French
French form of Ambracia.
Anatolie (Region) Czech, French
Czech and French form of Anatolia.
Ancre (River) French
This is the name of a river in Picardy, France.
Andelle (River) French
The name of a river in Normandy, France.
Andorre (Country) French
French form of Andorra.
Anjou (Other) English, French
From the name of the former county/duchy/province centered around the city of Angers in the Loire Valley of western France, which is in the present-day département of Maine-et-Loire. It was the cradle of the House of Plantagenet who ruled England from the twelfth century, of whom the current royal family are descendants... [more]
Aoeur'gny (Island) Norman
Auregnais Norman version of Alderney.
Aoste (Settlement) French
French form of Aosta.
Aquitaine (Region) French
French form of Aquitania. This is the name of a historical region of France located roughly between the Pyrenees, the Atlantic Ocean, and the Garonne... [more]
Arabie (Political Subdivision & Region) French
French form of Arabia.
Arabie Saoudite (Country) French
French form of Saudi Arabia.
Arachosie (Region) French
French form of Arachosia.
Arcadie (Political Subdivision & Region) French
French form of Arcadia.
Arie (Region) French
French form of Aria.
Arles (Political Subdivision) French (Gallicized)
From Arelati, a Gaulish word meaning "by the marsh" or "in front of the marsh". Latinized Arelate.
Arpitanie (Region) French
French form of Arpitania.
Aruba (Political Subdivision & Island) Afrikaans, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Italian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian
An island in the Caribbean Sea that is part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
Aurigny (Island) French
French version of Alderney.
Australasie (Region) Czech, French
Czech and French form of Australasia.
Autriche (Country) French
French form of Austria
Autriche-hongrie (Country) French
French form of Austria-hungary.
Azerbaïdjan (Country) French
French form of Azerbaijan.
Bachkirie (Political Subdivision) French
French form of Bashkiria.
Bahreïn (Country) French
French form of Bahrain.
Bakou (Settlement) Breton, French, Haitian Creole
Breton, French, and Haitian Creole form of Baku.
Bamako (Settlement) English, Armenian, Catalan, Danish, Esperanto, French, Fula, German, Hebrew, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish
Union of Bambara words bama ("crocodile") and ("stream"). This is the name of the capital city of Mali.
Bangladesh (Country) Bengali, Armenian, Basque, Breton, Bulgarian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Hebrew, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Swahili, Swedish, Uzbek
From Bengali বাংলাদেশ (Bangladeś) meaning "land of the Bengalis", from the name of the Bengali people and Sanskrit देश (deśá) meaning "country, kingdom, land, state"... [more]
Bari (Settlement) Italian, English, Armenian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Greek, Hungarian, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Sicilian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
From Latin Barium, itself of uncertain origin, possibly from Messapic *baur or *bur, meaning "house", ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bhreu ("to grow, to be"). This is the name of the capital city of Apulia, in southern Italy.
Bastille (Other) French
This is the name of a fortress, formally known as Bastille Saint-Antoine, which played an important role in France's internal conflicts.... [more]
Batoche (Settlement & Other) French
A historic village and National Historic Site in modern day Saskatchewan, Canada. Batoche is where Métis leader Louis Riel and his forces were defeated by the Canadian Army... [more]
Belgrade (Settlement) English, French
From Serbian Београд (Beograd) meaning "white city", derived from the Slavic root beli or beo meaning "white" combined with grad meaning "city, town". This is the name of the capital city of Serbia.
Béotie (Political Subdivision & Region) French
French form of Boeotia.
Bhoutan (Country) Breton, French
Breton and French form of Bhutan
Bisaltie (Region) French
French form of Bisaltia.
Bonaire (Political Subdivision & Island) Afrikaans, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Latvian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
An island in the Caribbean Sea that is a special municipality of the Netherlands.
Bouriatie (Political Subdivision) French
French form of Buryatia.
Bouville (Settlement) French
Brescia (Settlement) Italian, English, Catalan, French, Polish, Romanian, Sicilian, Spanish, Turkish
From Latin Brixia, itself probably from a Gaulish or Celtic root denoting a hill. This is the name of a city in northern Italy.
Bruges (Settlement) French, English, Italian, Luxembourgish, Portuguese, Romanian
French form of Brugge, which some countries (mostly Romance ones) have adopted as their name for the Belgian city.
Brunéi (Country) French, Javanese, Sundanese
French variant of Brunei as well as the Javanese and Sundanese form.
Brunei (Country) Malay, Albanian, Basque, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Luxembourgish, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Ukrainian
Probably derived from the name of the island of Borneo, which in turn is most likely from Sanskrit वरुण (váruṇa) meaning "ocean, water". A local legend suggests that the name may be derived from the phrase baru nah meaning "there!" or "that's it!", which was supposedly declared by Muhammad Shah, Brunei's first sultan... [more]
Bruneï (Country) French
Variant of Brunei.
Bruxelles (Settlement) French, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Italian, Romanian
French form of Brussels, which some countries have adopted as their name for the Belgian city.
Burcy (Settlement) French
A town in France.
Burhou (Island) Norman
A Channel Island in England. Means "storehouse island", from 'bur', meaning "storehouse", and -'hou', a Norman suffix derived from Old Norse 'holmr', meaning "island".
Burundi (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Breton, Bulgarian, Burmese, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Faroese, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian
The name of the Country in East Africa. Burundi, officially the Republic of Burundi, is a landlocked country in the African Great Lakes region of East Africa, bordered by Rwanda to the north, Tanzania to the east and south, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west.
Cagliari (Settlement) Italian, English, Danish, French, Galician, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish
From Latin Calaris, itself from Phoenician Krly, of uncertain meaning. This is the name of the capital city of Sardinia, an island in the Mediterranean Sea and a region of Italy.
Calédonie (Region) French
French form of Caledonia.
Californie (Political Subdivision) French
French form of California.
Calvados (Political Subdivision) French
A department in Normandy, France. It is named after a cluster of sparsely vegetated rocks off the coast, likely from 'calva dorsa', meaning "bare backs".
Cambodge (Country) French
French form of Cambodia.
Cameroun (Country) Danish, French
Danish and French form of Cameroon
Campobasso (Settlement) Italian, English, French, German, Spanish
Literally "low field"; derived from Latin Campus Vassorum, denoting that the city was host to vassals. This is the name of the capital city of the southern Italian region of Molise.
Caquorobert (Island) Norman
Islet in the Channel Islands. Unknown meaning.
Caracas (Settlement) English, Catalan, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Polish, Portuguese, Portuguese (Brazilian), Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish
From the earlier name Santiago de León de Caracas. The name Caracas is most likely derived from the name of a tribe that used to live in the area. This is the name of the capital city of Venezuela.
Caraïbes (Region) French
French form of Caribbean.
Carantanie (Country) French
French form of Carantania.
Carnie (Region) French
French form of Carnia.
Casablanca (Settlement) English, French, Spanish
Means "white house" in Spanish. The name comes from a Spanish translation of the Arabic name الدار البيضاء (ad-Dar al-Bayda'), which in turn was derived from a calque of the Portuguese name Casa Branca... [more]
Casquet (Island) French
An island chain in the Channel Islands. Could from derived from French 'cascade', referring the nearby strong tides, or from 'casque', referring to the helmet-like shape of the rocks, or from 'cas', meaning "broken" and 'quet', "rock".
Catalongne (Political Subdivision & Region) Norman, Picard
Norman and Picard form of Catalonia.
Catanzaro (Settlement) Italian, English, French, Catalan, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, German
From Latin Catanciarium, itself derived from Catacium, ultimately from Ancient Greek Καταρτάριοι, meaning "silk spinners". This is the name of a city in southern Italy, the second city in Calabria, as well as its capital city.
Caucase (Region) French
French form of Caucasus.
Cerq (Island) Norman
Sercquiais Norman version of Sark.
Champagne (Region) French
French region famous for its luxury sparkling wine.... [more]
Chantilly (Settlement) French
From the name of a town in France near Paris, ultimately derived from the Gallo-Roman name Cantilius. The city gave its name to a type of delicate lace originally made there.
Chaonie (Region) French
French form of Chaonia.
Chardonnay (Settlement) French
The name of a famous village for the white wine produced here. Means "a place of thistles" from the latin cardonnacum.
Chausey (Island) Norman
A large group of islands in the Channel Islands, France. The -'ey' is the Norman word for "island".
Chorasmie (Region) French
French form of Khwarazm via its Greek and Latin name Chorasmia.
Circassie (Region) French
French form of Circassia.
Ciscaucasie (Region) French
French form of Ciscaucasia.
Clairvaux (Settlement) French
Coire (Settlement) French
French form of Chur.
Colmar (Settlement) French
Alsatian City of Colmar.
Corbie (Political Subdivision) French
Corée Du Nord (Country) French
French form of North Korea
Corée Du Sud (Country) French
French form of South Korea
Corinthe (Settlement) French
French form of Corinthus (see Corinth).
Corinthie (Political Subdivision & Region) French
French form of Corinthia.
Costa Rica (Country) Spanish, Afrikaans, Basque, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Swedish
The name of the Country in Central America. Costa Rica is a rugged, rainforested Central American country with coastlines on the Caribbean and Pacific. Though its capital, San Jose, is home to cultural institutions like the Pre-Columbian Gold Museum, Costa Rica is known for its beaches, volcanoes, and biodiversity... [more]
Côte D'ivoire (Country) French
A country in Africa. Also called the Ivory Coast.
Crevichon (Island) Norman
Islet in the Channel Islands, England. Means "isle of crabs, crayfish, and cranes", due to the abundance of those animals in the area.
Crimée (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) French
French form of Crimea.
Dacca (Settlement) Finnish, French, Italian, Romanian
Form of Dhaka.
Daghestan (Political Subdivision) French, Italian, Persian, Romanian
French, Italian, Persian, and Romanian form of Dagestan.
Dardanie (Region & Settlement) French
French form of Dardania.
Digne (Political Subdivision) French (Archaic)
Digne-les-Bains, or simply and historically Digne, is a commune of France, capital of the Alpes-de-Haute-Provence department, and situated in the region of Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur.
Dirouilles (Island) Norman, French
Islet chain in the Channel Islands. Each rock has many names. May mean "rags", as a direct transliteration of the French word dirouilles.
Dithouïl'yes (Island) Norman
Jèrriais Norman version of Dirouilles
Dniestr (River) French, Polish
French and Polish form of Dniester.
Dortmund (Settlement) English, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Italian, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Swedish
First mentioned in the 9th century AD as Throtmanni, of uncertain origin and meaning, the form Dortmunde first appeared in the 13th century. This is the name of a city in western Germany.
Douchanbé (Settlement) French
French form of Dushanbe.
Êcrého (Island) Norman
Jèrriais Norman version of Écréhous.
Ecrehos (Island) Norman
Variant of Écréhous
Écréhous (Island) Norman, English, Medieval Scandinavian
Island chain in the Channel Islands in England. Derived from Old Norse 'esker', as in a "skerry", or a "small, rocky islet". and -hou, meaning "island".
Empoli (Settlement) Italian, English, French, German, Portuguese, Spanish
Of uncertain origin: possibly from the Germanic first name *Empo- with the suffix -ulus, or from Latin in portu ("in the port") as per the Tabula Peutingeriana. An eighth-century castle is documented with the names Empolum, Emporium and Empolis... [more]
Engadine (Region) French
French form of Engadin.
Erevan (Settlement) Armenian, Belarusian, Bulgarian, French, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Mongolian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovene, Tajik, Ukrainian
Alternate transcription of Yerevan as well as the form used in various languages.
Érythrée (Country) French
French form of Eritrea
États Unis (Country) French
French form of United States
Étrurie (Region) French
French form of Etruria.
Euphrate (River) French
French form of Euphrates.
Eurasie (Region) Czech, French
Czech and French form of Eurasia.
Europe (Region) Ancient Greek, English, French, Scots
From Europa, the name of a Phoenician princess in Greek mythology. This is the name of a continent in the Northern Hemisphere.
Fleury (Settlement) French
The name of various places in northern France, derived from Latin Floriacum, the name of a Gallo-Roman estate which was composed of the personal name Florus and the locative suffix -acum... [more]
Florence (Settlement) English, Dutch, French, Latvian
From Latin Florentia, derived from florens, ("flowering"), ultimately from flos, meaning "flower". This is the name of the capital city of Tuscany, in central Italy, as well as several settlements throughout the United States.... [more]
Floride (Political Subdivision) French
French form of Florida.
Forillon (Other) French
National park in Quebec, Canada. The name is thought to refer to a flowerpot island or sea stack in the area that has since been submerged in the ocean.
Fundy (Other & Body of Water) French
Bay and national park in New Brunswick, Canada. The name comes from the French word 'fendu', meaning "split".
Gabon (Country) Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Turkish
Derived from Portuguese gabão meaning "cloak, overcoat", used to refer to the shape of the estuary of the Komo River by Libreville. This is the name of a country in Central Africa along the Atlantic coast.
Galilée (Region) French
French form of Galilee.
Gambie (Country & River) Czech, French
Czech and French form of Gambia.
Gange (River) French, Italian
French and Italian form of Ganges.
Gatineau (Settlement & River) French (Quebec)
City and river in Quebec, Canada. Named after city official Nicholas Gatineau dit Duplessis.
Gédrosie (Region) French
French form of Gedrosia.
Genève (Settlement) French
French form of Geneva.
Grèce (Country) French
French form of Greece.
Groenland (Political Subdivision) Dutch, French, Afrikaans
Dutch, French and Afrikaans form of Greenland.
Guam (Political Subdivision & Island) Afrikaans, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
The name of the Territory. Guam is a U.S. island territory in Micronesia, in the Western Pacific. It's distinguished by tropical beaches, Chamorro villages and ancient latte-stone pillars. Guam’s WWII significance is on view at the War in the Pacific National Historical Park, whose sites include Asan Beach, a former battlefield... [more]
Guernési (Island) Norman
Guernésiais Norman version of Guernsey.
Haerme (Island) Norman
Norman version of Herm.
Haïti (Country & Island) French, Dutch, Afrikaans
French, Dutch and Afrikaans form of Haiti.
Hanoï (Settlement) French
French form of Hanoi.
Havane (Settlement) French
French form of Havana, usually written with the definite article: La Havane.
Hawaï (Political Subdivision & Island) Dutch, French
Dutch and French form of Hawaii.
Hazard (Other) French
The French word was probably borrowed from Arabic az-zahr, meaning “the dice” or “one of the dice.” ... [more]
Houmet (Island) Norman
The Houmets are an islet chain in the Channel Islands. The name is from the Norman word 'hou', meaning "island".
Hyrcanie (Region) French
French form of Hyrcania.
Indonésie (Country) Czech, French
Czech and French form of Indonesia.
Ingouchie (Political Subdivision) French
French form of Ingushetia.
Isère (Other) French
The name of a region as well as a river in France.
Islande (Country & Island) French, Latvian
French and Latvian form of Iceland.
Israël (Country) Dutch, French
Dutch and French form of Israel.
Istanbul (Settlement) Arabic, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, English, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Urdu, Uyghur, Uzbek
From Turkish İstanbul, which comes from a misinterpretation of the Medieval Greek phrase εἰς τὴν Πόλιν (eis tḗn pólin) meaning "to the City", a colloquial name for the city of Constantinople (reflecting its status as the only major city in the vicinity)... [more]
Ithaque (Island) French
French form of Ithaca.
Jamaïque (Country & Island) French
French form of Jamaica.
Java (Political Subdivision & Island) English, Dutch, French, German, Portuguese, Spanish
From Indonesian Jawa, which is of uncertain origin. It is most likely derived from Sanskrit यव-द्वीप (yava-dvipa) meaning "island of barley", though it may have come from Javanese ꦗꦸꦮꦮꦸꦠ꧀ (juwawut) meaning "foxtail millet (a type of plant)" or Malay jauh meaning "far, distant"... [more]
Jèrri (Island) Norman
Jèrriais Norman version of Jersey.
Jethou (Island) Norman
One of the Channel Islands in England. The -'hou' suffix means small island or small hill.
Johannesburg (Settlement) French (African)
Origin of Johannesburg's name is explained. In reaction to an inquiry, officials in Pretoria replied that Johannesburg was named after Johann Friedrich Bernhard Rissik and Christiaan Johannes Joubert - the only document dealing directly with the origin of the city's name.
Judée (Region) French
French form of Iudaea (see Judea).
Kaboul (Settlement) French
French form of Kabul.
Kalmoukie (Political Subdivision) French
French form of Kalmykia.
Kampala (Settlement) English, Armenian, Danish, Dutch, French, Hebrew, Italian, Portuguese, Russian, Slovak, Spanish
From K'empala, a shortening of the original Baganda Akasozi ke'Empala ("Hill of the Impala"). This is the name of the capital city of Uganda.
Katmandou (Settlement) French
French form of Kathmandu.
Kazbek (Mountain) Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bashkir, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tajik, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From Russian Казбек (Kazbek) which is from Arabic قَاضِي (qāḍī) meaning "judge, arbiter" combined with the Turkish military title beg meaning "chieftain, master"... [more]
Khartoum (Settlement) English, Danish, French, Indonesian, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian, Swahili, Swedish, Welsh
Most likely from Arabic قرطم‎ (qurṭum), meaning "safflower", or possibly خرطوم (ḵurṭūm), meaning "elephant's trunk". This is the name of the capital city of Sudan.
Kinshasa (Settlement) English, Danish, Dutch, French, German, Hebrew, Italian, Japanese, Swedish
Named after a nearby village, this name derives from Kikongo ki, a locative marker, and nshasa ("salt"), thus "salt market". This is the name of the capital city of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Kirghizie (Country) French
French form of Kyrgyzstan via its Russian name Kirgiziya. This is an alternative name for the country; the standard name in France is Kirghizistan.
Kosovo (Country) Afrikaans, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Indonesian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Ukrainian
From Albanian Kosova or Kosovë, which is derived from Serbian кос (kos) meaning "blackbird", an ellipsis of Косово Поље (Kosovo Polje) meaning "blackbird field"... [more]
Koweït (Country) French
French form of Kuwait.
Laâyoune (Settlement) French, Afrikaans, Icelandic
French, Afrikaans and Icelandic form of Laayoune.
Laconie (Political Subdivision & Region) French
French form of Laconia.
Lanao (Political Subdivision & Body of Water) Filipino, Cebuano, Tagalog, Ilocano, Pampangan, Chinese, Czech, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Russian, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian
From Maranao ranaw meaning "lake, body of water". This is the name of a lake and two provinces in the southern Philippines.
Latina (Settlement) Italian, English, Finnish, French
Derived from the former name Latinia, itself adopted in 1944 to replace the name Littoria, which had been chosen by the Fascist government upon the inauguration of the city in 1932... [more]
Lettonie (Country) French
French form of Latvia via its New Latin name Lettonia.
Lhassa (Settlement) French
French form of Lhasa.
Liburnie (Region) French
French form of Liburnia.
Libye (Country) Czech, French, Yiddish
Czech, French, and Yiddish form of Libya.
Lihou (Island) Norman, Breton
Island in the Channel Islands in England. From the Breton words 'lydd' or 'ligg', meaning "in or near water", and the Norman suffix -'hou', meaning "island". The island and reef in Australia named after this island.
Lille (Settlement) French
Name of a city in France.
Lilongwe (Political Subdivision, Settlement & River) English, Chewa, Danish, Dutch, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Polish, Romanian, Slovak, Swahili
From Chewa Lilongwe, of uncertain meaning. This is the name of a river and the capital city of Malawi, as well as the district around it.
Lisbonne (Settlement) French
French form of Lisbon.
Livonie (Region) French
French form of Livonia.
Luanda (Settlement & Other) English, Dutch, French, German, Italian, Polish, Portuguese, Portuguese (Brazilian), Russian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish
From lu-, a plural marker in several Bantu languages, and ndandu, "value" or "object of commerce", referring to the shells of sea snails, which were used as currency in the ancient kingdoms of Kongo and Ndongo.... [more]
Lucerne (Settlement) English, French
Luçon (Island) French
French form of Luzon.
Lusaka (Political Subdivision & Settlement) English, Chewa, Chinese, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Hebrew, Italian, Russian, Slovak, Spanish
From Lusaaka, the name of a local Lenje chief. This is the name of the capital city of Zambia, as well as the district and the province in which the city is located.
Lusitanie (Political Subdivision & Region) French
French form of Lusitania.
Madagascar (Country & Island) English, Catalan, Nahuatl, French, Italian, Manx, Portuguese (Brazilian), Spanish, Corsican
From Middle French Madagascar, from Madageiscar, as a corrupted transliteration of Mogadishu by Marco Polo's misreading of Arabic.... [more]
Madrid (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Spanish, Afrikaans, Arabic, Armenian, Asturian, Azerbaijani, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Galician, German, Hebrew, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Turkmen, Uzbek
From the older name Magerit, which is of uncertain meaning and origin. It may be derived from Arabic اَلْمَجْرِيط‎ (al-majrīṭ) meaning "source of water", from Latin matrix meaning "mother, source, origin (of rivers)", or from Celtic mageto ritu meaning "great bridge"... [more]
Maïkop (Settlement) French
French form of Maykop.
Makhatchkala (Settlement) French, Portuguese
French and Portuguese form of Makhachkala.
Malacca (Country, Political Subdivision, Settlement & Body of Water) English, French, Italian, Romanian
From Malay Melaka, probably derived from the Malay name for the Indian gooseberry (genus Phyllanthus), a type of tree. This is the name of a state in southern Malaysia as well as a city (Malacca City) and a narrow body of water between the Malay Peninsula and the island of Sumatra (the Strait of Malacca)... [more]
Malaisie (Country) French
French form of Malaysia.
Maldives (Country) Catalan, English, French, Greek, Malay
Uncertain, possibly means "Malé islands" from Dhivehi މާލެ (māle) referring to Malé, the capital city of the Maldives, combined with Sanskrit द्वीप (dvīpá) meaning "island"... [more]
Mali (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Burmese, Catalan, Chinese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Lao, Latvian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Tatar, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From the name of the Mali Empire, which was derived from Mandinka or Bambara mali meaning "hippopotamus" or "the place where the king lives". This is the name of a landlocked country in West Africa.
Manille (Settlement) French
French form of Manila.
Mauritanie (Country) French
French form of Mauritania.
Meije (Mountain) French
From Occitan meija meaning "middle, centre, half," taken from its original name l'Agulha de la Meija meaning "the needle of the Meije."... [more]
Melville (Region) English, French, Scottish
Means "bad town" in French.
Messénie (Political Subdivision & Region) Czech, French
Czech and French form of Messenia.
Minquier (Island) Breton, Norman, English
An island chain in the Channel Islands, England. Could be from Breton 'minihi', meaning "sanctuary, or from 'minkier' meaning "seller of fish".
Mîntchièr (Island) Norman
Jèrriais Norman version of Minquier
Mirabeau (Political Subdivision) French
From Provençal mirar ("to see") and bel ("beautiful"). This is the name of a commune in the Vaucluse department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region, which is in southeastern France.
Modène (Settlement) French
French form of Modena.
Molise (Political Subdivision) Italian, English, French
Most likely derived from the Norman family de Moulins of Moulins-la-Marche. Rodolphe de Moulins, forefather of the family, became count of Bojano in 1053, which would go on to form the County of Molise.... [more]
Moluques (Region) Catalan, French
Catalan and French form of Moluccas, which is a common alternative name for the Maluku Islands.
Monaco (Country) English, French
This is the name of a sovereign city-state and microstate bordering France on three sides and the Mediterranean Sea on one side.... [more]
Monténégro (Country) French
French form of Montenegro
Moscou (Settlement) Catalan, French, Portuguese
Catalan, French and Portuguese form of Moscow
Nairobi (Settlement & River) English (British), English (American), Danish, Finnish, French, Hebrew, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese (Brazilian), Slovak, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish
From Maasai enkare nyrobi, which means "cold water" or "cold river". This is the name of a river and the capital city of Kenya.
Namibie (Country) Czech, French
Czech and French form of Namibia.
Navarre (Country) French
From the name of the historic Royaume de Navarre, a kingdom in the West Pyrenees mountains which is divided today between Spain and France. It is either derived from the Basque nabar, meaning "brownish" or "multicolor" (which would be a contrast with the green mountain lands north of the original County of Navarre); or from the Basque naba, "valley" or "plain", and herri, "land" or "people".
Niamey (Settlement) English, Armenian, Danish, Finnish, French, Italian, Slovak, Spanish
Of uncertain origin; there are several theories on the origin of the name. It may be derived from a combination of Zarma words nia ("tree") and me ("shore where water is drawn"), or from the phrase "Wa niammané" ("take this city"), reportedly said by a Kalle clan chief... [more]
Nicosie (Settlement) French
French form of Nicosia.
Nioué (Country) French
French form of Niue
Norvège (Country) French
French form of Norway
Nouakchott (Settlement) French, English
From Arabic نواكشوط (Nuwakshut), itself from Tamazight Nawākšūṭ meaning "place of the winds" or inua u-kshut meaning "made of wood, made of sticks". This is the name of the capital of Mauritania.
Nouvelle-zélande (Country) French
French form of New Zealand
Nunavut (Political Subdivision) Inuit, English, French
Means "our land" in Inuktitut. This is the name of a territory of Canada.
Occitanie (Region) French, English
The name of a southernmost administrative region in France. Not to be confused with Occitania, the historical region which it is named after.
Oman (Country) Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bengali, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Burmese, Catalan, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kazakh, Korean, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Uyghur
From Arabic عمان‎ (ʿUmān), which is of disputed etymology. It may be from Arabic عُمَانَة (ʿumāna), a byname for the historical city of Sohar (presently located in Al Batinah North Governorate, Oman), which is probably derived from the root ع م ن‎ (ʿ-m-n) meaning "to settle, to remain, to dwell"... [more]
Oran (Settlement) English, French
From the Arabic name وهران‎ (Wahran), which is ultimately derived from the Berber root hr meaning "lion". This is the name of a city in Algeria.
Orival (Settlement) French
Derived from Latin aurea vallis meaning "golden vale/valley," the name belonging to three communes (one since defunct), located in the Seine-Maritime & Somme départements of northern France and Charente département of western France.
Orsay (Settlement) French
A town near Paris. Originates from the Latin given name Orcius
Ortac (Island) Norman
A small Channel Island in England. Likely means "large rock at the edge" from the Norman 'or', meaning "edge", and 'etac', meaning "stack", referring to the geological landform.
Ossétie (Region) French
French form of Ossetia.
Ouagadougou (Settlement) English, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, French, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Luxembourgish, Mossi, Norwegian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Welsh
From Mossi Wogodogo, meaning "where honor and respect are received". This is the name of the capital city of Burkina Faso
Oudmourtie (Political Subdivision) French
French form of Udmurtia.
Oufa (Settlement & River) French
French form of Ufa.
Oulan-Bator (Settlement) French
French form of Ulaanbaatar.
Oulan-Oude (Settlement) French
French form of Ulan-Ude.
Oural (Region, River & Mountain) French
French form of Ural.
Ouzbékistan (Country) French
French form of Uzbekistan.
Paksé (Settlement) French
French form of Pakse.
Palestine (Region) English, Biblical, French
From Hebrew Pelesheth, which probably means "land of the Philistines". This is the name of a historical/geographic region in Western Asia.... [more]
Panama (Country) Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Belarusian, Bengali, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Burmese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Irish, Italian, Japanese, Kazakh, Khmer, Korean, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Lao, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek
From Spanish Panamá of uncertain meaning. It may be derived from the name of a tree commonly found in the area (genus Sterculia), from an indigenous word meaning "many butterflies", from Kuna bannaba meaning "distant, far away", or from a Guaraní word meaning "place of many fish"... [more]
Parthie (Region) French
French form of Parthia.
Pasci (Other) French
Pélagonie (Region) French
French form of Pelagonia.
Penang (Political Subdivision & Island) Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Spanish, Turkish
From Malay Pulau Pinang meaning "betel palm island", from pinang meaning "betel nut" or "betel palm" (a type of tree). This is the name of an island and state in Malaysia.
Péonie (Region) French
French form of Paeonia.
Phnom Penh (Settlement) English, French
From Khmer ភ្នំពេញ (Phnum Pin) meaning "Penh's hill", from ភ្នំ (phnum) meaning "hill, mountain" and ពេញ (pin), the name of a legendary woman who supposedly founded the city in 1372... [more]
Polynésie (Region) Czech, French
Czech and French form of Polynesia.
Porto Rico (Political Subdivision) French, Italian, Portuguese
French, Italian and Portuguese form of Puerto Rico.
Potenza (Settlement) Italian, English, French
From Latin Potentia, itself from the Latin adjective potens, meaning "powerful", "mighty". This is the name of the capital city of the southern Italian region of Basilicata.
Prato (Settlement) Italian, English, French, Esperanto, German, Spanish, Dutch
Italian for "meadow". This is the name of a city in northern Italy, which was probably chosen because the city was founded on a meadow.
Pyrénées (Mountain) French
French form of Pyrenees.
Qatar (Country) Arabic, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Persian, Romanian, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Urdu, Uyghur, Uzbek
From Catharrei, the name given to the inhabitants of region by Roman writer Pliny the Elder, which may have been based on the name of a local settlement. The name Catara was later used by Greek astronomer Ptolemy to refer to the peninsula, which was eventually transmitted into Arabic... [more]
Quito (Settlement) English, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Polish, Portuguese, Slovak, Spanish
From the Quitu tribe, whose name is derived from the combination of the Tsafiki words quitso ("center") and to ("world"). This is the name of the capital city of Ecuador.
Rabat (Settlement) English, French, Spanish
From Arabic الرباط (ar-Ribat) meaning "the ribat", referring to a type of fortification used during the Muslim conquest of the Maghreb. It is also used as a shortened form of the city's Arabic nickname, رباط الفتح (ribatu l-fath), which means "fortification of conquest, fortification of victory"... [more]
Rangoun (Settlement) French
French form of Yangon.
Rhin (River) French
French form of Rhine.
Rhodésie (Country) French
French form of Rhodesia.
Richmond (Region, Mountain & Other) French
It is a habitational name, with the Old French elements riche ‘rich’, ‘splendid’ + mont ‘hill’. ... [more]
Roer (River) Dutch, French, Italian, Luxembourgish
Dutch, French, Italian and Luxembourgish form of Rur.
Sahara (Country & Region) Afrikaans, Armenian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Faroese, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kannada, Korean, Kurdish, Macedonian, Malay, Malayalam, Marathi, Nepali, Norwegian, Polish, Punjabi, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish, Tagalog, Telugu, Thai, Turkmen, Yiddish
Derived from Arabic صَحَارَى‎ (ṣaḥārā) meaning "deserts", the plural of صَحْرَاء (ṣaḥrāʾ) meaning "desert". This is the name of a desert in Northern Africa as well as a disputed territory and semi-independent state (Western Sahara).
Saïgon (Settlement & River) French
French form of Saigon.
Saint Germain (Region) French
Named after the French Saint Germain.
Saint-Malo (Settlement) French
An historic French port located in the Ille-et-Vilaine department of Brittany on the English Channel coast, named after Saint Malo.
Saint-remy-en-bouzemont-saint-genest-et-isson (Settlement) French
From the union of three formerly independent communes: Saint-Remy-en-Bouzemont, Saint-Genest and Isson. This is the name of a commune in Marne Department, Grand Est; this is the longest name of any commune in France.
Samarie (Region) French
French form of Samaria.
São Paulo (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Portuguese, English, French, German, Norwegian
Portuguese form of Saint Paul. This is the name of a city and a state in Brazil.
Sardaigne (Region & Island) French
French form of Sardinia.
Sèr (Island) Norman
Sercquiais Norman version of Sark.
Sercq (Island) French
French version of Sark.
Seychelles (Country) French, English, Greek, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Maltese, Romanian, Spanish, Tagalog
From the name of Jean Moreau de Séchelles (1690-1761), a French politician who served as Minister of Finance during the reign of King Louis XV. This is the name of an East African island country in the Indian Ocean.
Siam (Country) Afrikaans, Armenian, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Khmer, Korean, Kyrgyz, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From Portuguese Sciam, which was derived from Thai สยาม (sayam) of debated origin. The name may have come from Pali suvaṇṇabhūmi meaning "land of gold", Sanskrit श्याम (shyama) meaning "dark, black, blue" or Mon ရာမည (ramanya) meaning "stranger"... [more]
Sibérie (Region) French
French form of Siberia.
Sicile (Political Subdivision & Island) French
French form of Sicily.
Sinaï (Region & Mountain) Dutch, French
Dutch and French form of Sinai.
Singapour (Country, Settlement & Island) French
French form of Singapore.
Sithonie (Region) French
French form of Sithonia.
Skopje (Settlement) Macedonian, English, French, German
Skopje is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Macedonia. ... [more]
Soukhoumi (Settlement) French
French form of Sukhumi.
Sri Lanka (Country & Island) Afrikaans, Albanian, Basque, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
From Sinhalese ශ්‍රී ලංකාව (ś‍rī laṁkāva) meaning "holy island", derived from Sanskrit श्री (śrī) meaning "holy, sacred" and लङ्का (laṅkā) meaning "island"... [more]
Sriwijaya (Country) Indonesian, Banjar, Javanese, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Malay, French
Form of Srivijaya used in various languages as well as a Malay variant.
Sudètes (Mountain) French
French form of Sudetes.
Sulu (Political Subdivision, Region & Body of Water) Filipino, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Arabic, Azerbaijani, Chinese, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek
From Suluk, the Malay name for the Tausug people, in turn derived from Tausug Tau Sūg meaning "people of the current", from tau meaning "man, person" and sūg meaning "(sea) current, flow of water"... [more]
Tachkent (Settlement) French
French form of Tashkent.
Tadjikistan (Country) Afrikaans, Breton, Catalan, French, Romanian
Afrikaans, Breton, Catalan, French and Romanian form of Tajikistan.
Taïwan (Country & Island) French
French form of Taiwan.
Tallinn (Settlement) Estonian, English, Danish, Dutch, French, German, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Swedish
Capital of Estonia and previously known as Reval until 1918. The meaning of the name is uncertain, but it is believed to be derived from Estonian Taani-linn(a) meaning "Danish castle" or "Danish town".
Tanger (Settlement) French
French form of Tangier.
Tbilissi (Settlement) French
French form of Tbilisi.
Tchétchénie (Political Subdivision) French
French form of Chechnya.
Thesprotie (Political Subdivision & Region) French
French form of Thesprotia.
Thimphou (Settlement) French
French form of Thimphu.
Togo (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Burmese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Korean, Latvian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Means "land where lagoons lie" from Ewe to meaning "water" and go meaning "shore". Togo, officially the Togolese Republic, is a country in West Africa bordered by Ghana to the west, Benin to the east and Burkina Faso to the north.
Toscane (Region) Dutch, French
Dutch and French form of Tuscany.
Transcarpatie (Region) French
French form of Transcarpathia.
Transcaspie (Political Subdivision) French
French form of Transcaspia.
Transcaucasie (Region) French
French form of Transcaucasia.
Transdanubie (Region) French
French form of Transdanubia.
Transnistrie (Political Subdivision & Region) French
French form of Transnistria.
Transoxiane (Region) French
French form of Transoxiana.