Bulgarian Submitted Place Names

Bulgarian names are used in the country of Bulgaria in southeastern Europe. See also about Bulgarian names.
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Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
ABHAZIYA Абхазия (Country) Bulgarian, Crimean Tatar
Bulgarian and Crimean Tatar form of ABKHAZIA.
ABKHAZIYA Абхазия (Country) Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Russian, Ukrainian
Form of ABKHAZIA.
ABUDZHA Абуджа (Settlement) Belarusian, Bulgarian, Kazakh, Russian, Ukrainian
Belarusian, Bulgarian, Kazakh, Russian, and Ukrainian form of ABUJA.
ACHEH Ачех (Political Subdivision) Bulgarian
Bulgarian form of ACEH.
AKADIYA Акадия (Region) Bulgarian, Russian
Bulgarian and Russian form of Acadia.
ALPI Алпи (Mountain) Bulgarian, Italian, Latvian, Macedonian, Romanian, Serbian
Form of Alps.
ANADOL Анадол (Region) Bulgarian
Bulgarian form of ANATOLIA.
ARABIYA Арабия (Political Subdivision & Region) Bulgarian
Bulgarian form of ARABIA.
ARKADIYA Аркадия (Political Subdivision & Region) Bulgarian, Russian, Ukrainian
Bulgarian, Russian and Ukrainian form of ARCADIA.
ARUBA Аруба (Political Subdivision & Island) Afrikaans, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Italian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian
An island in the Caribbean Sea that is part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
ASTANA Астана (Settlement) Kazakh, Afrikaans, Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Greek, Hindi, Indonesian, Kyrgyz, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Means "capital city" in Kazakh, ultimately from Persian آستانه (âstâne). This was the name of the capital city of Kazakhstan, which was renamed Nur-Sultan in 2019.
AVSTRALAZIYA Австралазия (Region) Bulgarian, Russian, Ukrainian
Belarusian, Russian and Ukrainian form of AUSTRALASIA.
AVSTRIYA Австрия (Country) Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Kyrgyz, Russian, Tajik, Uzbek
Form of AUSTRIA.
AYDEMIR (Settlement) Bulgarian
AZERBAYDZHAN Азербайджан (Country) Belarusian, Bulgarian, Kyrgyz, Russian, Ukrainian
Form of AZERBAIJAN.
BAKU Баку (Settlement) Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Chinese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, English, Finnish, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Kyrgyz, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Nepali, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uyghur
From Azerbaijani Bakı from Persian باکو (bâku), which is of uncertain meaning. One popular etymology suggests that it means "wind-pounded city" from Persian باد (bâd) meaning "wind" and کوبیدن (kubidan) meaning "to pound, to beat" (given in reference to the area's storms and high winds)... [more]
BALI Бали (Political Subdivision & Island) Indonesian, Balinese, Acehnese, Javanese, Malay, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Chinese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Italian, Kazakh, Latvian, Macedonian, Mongolian, Nepali, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek
Derived from Sanskrit बलि (bali) meaning "offering, tribute". This is the name of an island and province in Indonesia.
BANDUNG Бандунг (Settlement) Indonesian, Sundanese, Acehnese, Balinese, Banjar, Malay, Minangkabau, Albanian, Armenian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Kazakh, Korean, Kyrgyz, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, Turkish, Urdu, Uzbek
From Indonesian bendung or bendungan meaning "dam, dike", used to refer to the area in relation to the nearby Citarum River. Local sources also relate the name to the phrase Nga-Bandung-an Banda Indung, which is considered sacred in Sundanese culture... [more]
BANGLADESH Бангладеш (Country) Bengali, Armenian, Basque, Breton, Bulgarian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Hebrew, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Swahili, Swedish, Uzbek
From Bengali বাংলাদেশ (Bangladeś) meaning "land of the Bengalis", from the name of the Bengali people and Sanskrit देश (deśá) meaning "country, kingdom, land, state"... [more]
BANKOK Банкок (Settlement) Bulgarian
Bulgarian form of BANGKOK.
BANTEN Бантен (Political Subdivision) Indonesian, Sundanese, Acehnese, Balinese, Javanese, Malay, Minangkabau, Afrikaans, Albanian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Russian, Serbian, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian
Meaning uncertain. It may be derived from the Sundanese and Bantenese phrase katiban inten meaning "struck down by diamonds", which was used to describe the spead of Islam in the region in the 15th century... [more]
BASHKORTOSTAN Башкортостан (Political Subdivision) Abkhaz, Bulgarian, Buryat, English, Hebrew, Indonesian, Komi, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Ossetian, Russian, Tatar, Ukrainian, Yakut
From Bashkir Башҡортостан (Bashqortostan), which is from башҡорт (bashqort), the name of the people, combined with the Persian suffix -ستان (-stan) meaning "land of"... [more]
BISHKEK Бишкек (Settlement) Kyrgyz, Armenian, Belarusian, Bengali, Bulgarian, English, Hindi, Indonesian, Kazakh, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Persian, Russian, Tajik, Ukrainian, Uyghur, Uzbek
Meaning uncertain. One theory suggests that it comes from a word meaning "whorl, whisk" in Kyrgyz, referring to a tool used to prepare kumis (a traditional dairy product). It could also mean "five heights" from Kyrgyz беш (besh) meaning "five" and бийик (biyik) meaning "tall, high", or it could mean "five chiefs" from беш (besh) meaning "five" and the Turkish title beg meaning "chieftain, master"... [more]
BOGOR Богор (Settlement) Indonesian, Sundanese, Javanese, Malay, Minangkabau, Afrikaans, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Uzbek
Means "sugar palm" (a type of tree) in Indonesian. This is the name of a city in West Java province, Indonesia.
BONER Бонер (Political Subdivision & Island) Bulgarian, Macedonian, Serbian
Bulgarian, Macedonian and Serbian form of BONAIRE.
BOSNA I HERTSEGOVINA Босна и Херцеговина (Country) Bulgarian
Bulgarian form of BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA.
BRUNEI Бруней (Country) Malay, Albanian, Basque, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Luxembourgish, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Ukrainian
Probably derived from the name of the island of Borneo, which in turn is most likely from Sanskrit वरुण (váruṇa) meaning "ocean, water". A local legend suggests that the name may be derived from the phrase baru nah meaning "there!" or "that's it!", which was supposedly declared by Muhammad Shah, Brunei's first sultan... [more]
BURKINA FASO Буркина Фасо (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Macedonian, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Serbian, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Burkina Faso is a landlocked country in West Africa. ... [more]
BURUNDI Бурунди (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Breton, Bulgarian, Burmese, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Faroese, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian
The name of the Country in East Africa. Burundi, officially the Republic of Burundi, is a landlocked country in the African Great Lakes region of East Africa, bordered by Rwanda to the north, Tanzania to the east and south, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west.
CHECHENIYA Чечения (Political Subdivision) Bulgarian
Bulgarian form of CHECHNYA.
CHEHIYA Чехия (Country) Bulgarian
Bulgarian form of ČECHY, used as a name for the Czech Republic.
CHUVASHIYA Чувашия (Political Subdivision) Russian, Bulgarian, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Russian, Bulgarian, and Uzbek form of CHUVASHIA.
DAGESTAN Дагестан (Political Subdivision) Russian, Afrikaans, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog
Derived from Turkish dağ meaning "mountain" and the Persian suffix -ستان (-stan) meaning "land of". This is the name of a federal subject of Russia.
DENPASAR Денпасар (Settlement) Indonesian, Acehnese, Javanese, Minangkabau, Afrikaans, Albanian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Czech, Dutch, Danish, English, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian
From Balinese ᬤᬾᬦ᭄ᬧᬲᬃ (dénpasar) derived from den meaning "north" and pasar meaning "market". This is the name of a city in Indonesia and the capital of Bali.
DUNAV Дунав (River) Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Macedonian, Serbian
Form of DANUBE.
DUSHANBE Душанбе (Settlement) Tajik, Armenian, Belarusian, Bulgarian, English, Georgian, Hindi, Indonesian, Japanese, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Malay, Mongolian, Russian, Tagalog, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Mean "Monday" in Tajik, given in reference to a popular market that used to be held in the area on Mondays. This is the name of the capital of Tajikistan.
DZHAKARTA Джакарта (Settlement) Belarusian, Bulgarian, Kazakh, Russian, Ukrainian
Form of JAKARTA.
DZHOHOR Джохор (Political Subdivision) Bulgarian
Bulgarian form of JOHOR.
EFRAT Ефрат (River) Bulgarian, Icelandic
Bulgarian and Icelandic form of EUPHRATES.
EGIPET Египет (Country) Bulgarian, Macedonian
Bulgarian and Macedonian form of EGYPT.
EREVAN Ереван (Settlement) Armenian, Belarusian, Bulgarian, French, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Mongolian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovene, Tajik, Ukrainian
Alternate transcription of YEREVAN as well as the form used in various languages.
EVRAZIYA Евразия (Region) Bulgarian, Kyrgyz, Russian, Ukrainian
Form of EURASIA.
EVROPA Европа (Region) Albanian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Czech, Georgian, Macedonian, Russian, Serbian, Slovene
Form of Europa (see EUROPE) as well as a Russian variant transcription of YEVROPA.
FILIPINI Филипини (Country) Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Macedonian, Serbian, Slovene
Form of PHILIPPINES.
FINLANDIYA Финландия (Country) Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Crimean Tatar, Turkish, Uzbek
Form of FINLAND.
FLORIDA Флорида (Political Subdivision) Spanish, English, Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kurdish, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Turkish, Uzbek
Means "flowery, ornate" in Spanish, a short form of either la Florida meaning "the flowery one" or Pascua Florida meaning "flowery Easter" (a Spanish name for Palm Sunday, so named because the region was discovered by Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de León on that day in 1513)... [more]
GABON Габон (Country) Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Turkish
Derived from Portuguese gabão meaning "cloak, overcoat", used to refer to the shape of the estuary of the Komo River by Libreville. This is the name of a country in Central Africa along the Atlantic coast.
GALILEYA Галилея (Region) Bulgarian, Russian, Ukrainian
Bulgarian, Russian and Ukrainian form of GALILEE.
GRENADA Гренада (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, Georgian, German, Greek, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Uzbek
Probably from Granada, the name of a city in Andalusia, Spain, which is derived from Arabic غَرْنَاطَة‎ (ḡarnāṭa) possibly meaning "hill of strangers". This is the name of an island country in the Caribbean.
GRENLANDIYA Гренландия (Political Subdivision) Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Russian, Tajik
Form of GREENLAND.
GUAM Гуам (Political Subdivision & Island) Afrikaans, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
The name of the Territory. Guam is a U.S. island territory in Micronesia, in the Western Pacific. It's distinguished by tropical beaches, Chamorro villages and ancient latte-stone pillars. Guam’s WWII significance is on view at the War in the Pacific National Historical Park, whose sites include Asan Beach, a former battlefield... [more]
HANOY Ханой (Settlement) Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Tajik, Tamil
Form of HANOI used in various languages as well as a Armenian, Bulgarian, and Tajik alternate transcription.
HAVANA Хавана (Settlement) Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Czech, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Georgian, Hindi, Icelandic, Indonesian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu
From Spanish Habana, which is derived from Habaguanex, the name of a Taíno chief who controlled the area. This is the name of the capital city of Cuba.
INDONEZIYA Индонезия (Country) Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Russian, Tajik, Uzbek
Form of INDONESIA.
INDOSTAN Индостан (Country & Region) Bulgarian, Romanian, Russian, Ukrainian
Form of HINDUSTAN.
INGUSHETIYA Ингушетия (Political Subdivision) Russian, Bulgarian, Kazakh, Persian
Form of INGUSHETIA.
IPOH Ипох (Settlement) Malay, Indonesian, Banjar, Bulgarian, Czech, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Italian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
From Malay ipuh meaning "upas (a type of poisonous tree)". This is the name of a city in Malaysia that serves as the capital of the state of Perak.
ISLAMABAD Исламабад (Settlement) Afrikaans, Armenian, Belarusian, Bengali, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Ukrainian, Uyghur
From Urdu اسلام آباد (Islām ābād) meaning "city of Islam" from the name of the religion of Islam and Urdu آباد (ābād) meaning "inhabited place, city". This is the name of the capital city of Pakistan.
ISLANDIYA Исландия (Country & Island) Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Russian, Tajik, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Form of ICELAND.
ISPANIYA Испания (Country) Belarusian, Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Russian, Tajik, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Form of Hispania (see SPAIN).
ISTANBUL Истанбул (Settlement) Arabic, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, English, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Urdu, Uyghur, Uzbek
From Turkish İstanbul, which comes from a misinterpretation of the Medieval Greek phrase εἰς τὴν Πόλιν (eis tḗn pólin) meaning "to the City", a colloquial name for the city of Constantinople (reflecting its status as the only major city in the vicinity)... [more]
KABUL Кабул (Settlement) Arabic, Armenian, Belarusian, Bengali, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Korean, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Ukrainian
From Pashto کابل (Kâbël) which may have been derived from Kambuja or Kamboja, the name of an ancient Indo-Iranian tribe and kingdom. The name is of uncertain meaning, possibly from Sanskrit काम (kā́ma) meaning "wish, desire, longing" and भुज् (bhuj) meaning "use, possess, rule"... [more]
KALEDONIYA Каледония (Region) Bulgarian, Russian, Ukrainian
Bulgarian, Russian and Ukrainian form of Caledonia.
KALIFORNIYA Калифорния (Political Subdivision) Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Persian, Russian, Tajik, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Form of CALIFORNIA.
KALIMANTAN Калимантан (Political Subdivision, Island & Region) Indonesian, Acehnese, Balinese, Banjar, Buginese, Javanese, Malay, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Czech, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hindi, Icelandic, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Turkish, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Means "burning weather (island)" from Sanskrit काल (kālá) meaning "time, season" and क्वथन (kvathana) meaning "boiling, churning". This is the name of the Indonesian portion of the island of Borneo, though it is used to refer to the entire island in Indonesian... [more]
KAMBODZHA Камбоджа (Country) Belarusian, Bulgarian, Kazakh, Russian, Ukrainian, Uyghur
Form of CAMBODIA.
KARAGANDA Караганда (Settlement) Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, Indonesian, Italian, Lithuanian, Norwegian, Polish, Russian
From Kazakh Қарағанды (Qaraghandy), which is derived from қараған (qaraghan) meaning "caragana (a type of flower)". This is the name of a city in Kazakhstan.
KARAKALPAKSTAN Каракалпакстан (Political Subdivision) Belarusian, Bulgarian, English, Indonesian, Italian, Kyrgyz, Norwegian, Romanian, Russian, Swedish, Tatar, Ukrainian
From Karakalpak Қарақалпақстан (Qaraqalpaqstan), a combination of the name of the Karakalpak people and the Persian suffix -ستان (-stan) meaning "land of". The ethnic name is derived from Karakalpak қара (qara) meaning "black" and қалпақ (qalpaq) referring to a high-crowned cap worn in Central Asia... [more]
KARANTANIYA Карантания (Country) Bulgarian, Russian, Ukrainian
Bulgarian, Russian and Ukrainian form of CARANTANIA.
KARTAGEN Картаген (Settlement) Bulgarian
Bulgarian form of Carthage.
KATALONIYA Каталония (Political Subdivision & Region) Azerbaijani, Bengali, Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Russian, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Form of CATALONIA.
KAYRO Кайро (Settlement) Bulgarian
Alternate transcription of KAIRO.
KAZABLANKA Казабланка (Settlement) Arabic, Bulgarian, Hebrew, Kurdish, Macedonian, Persian, Serbian, Turkish
Form of CASABLANCA.
KAZAN Казан (Settlement) Tatar, Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Buryat, Chechen, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, Hindi, Indonesian, Ingush, Japanese, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Lezgin, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Romanian, Russian, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Yakut
Probably from Turkic qazan meaning "kettle, cauldron". This is the name of the capital city of Tatarstan.
KAZBEK Казбек (Mountain) Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bashkir, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tajik, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From Russian Казбек (Kazbek) which is from Arabic قَاضِي (qāḍī) meaning "judge, arbiter" combined with the Turkish military title beg meaning "chieftain, master"... [more]
KEDAH Кедах (Political Subdivision) Malay, Indonesian, Acehnese, Banjar, Azerbaijani, Bengali, Bulgarian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Italian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
From Arabic قتح‎ (qataḥa), which is derived from the Tamil name கடாரம் (kadāram) possibly meaning "boiler, stockpot, cauldron". This is the name of a Malaysian state.
KELANTAN Келантан (Political Subdivision) Malay, Indonesian, Banjar, Javanese, Bulgarian, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian
Meaning uncertain, possibly from Malay gelam hutam referring to the cajeput tree, kilatan meaning "lightning, flash", or kolam tanah meaning "dirt pool". Alternatively, it may be from கோலம் (kōlam) the Tamil name for rangoli, an art form from the Indian subcontinent... [more]
KHANOI (Settlement) Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Mongolian, Russian, Ukrainian
Alternate transcription of KHANOY.
KIDONIYA Кидония (Settlement) Bulgarian, Russian, Ukrainian
Bulgarian, Russian and Ukrainian form of Cydonia.
KIEV (Settlement) Ukrainian, Russian, Bulgarian, German, English
The name Kiev comes from a medieval legend about the founding of the city told by a Chronicler of Rus-Ukraine. It was three brothers, Kie, Shchek and Khoriv, and their sister Lebid, who were the founders.
KIRGIZSTAN Киргизстан (Country) Bulgarian, Indonesian, Russian, Yiddish
Bulgarian, Indonesian, Russian, and Yiddish form of KYRGYZSTAN.
KOMI Коми (Political Subdivision) Komi, Russian, Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kazakh, Korean, Kyrgyz, Latvian, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From the name of the Komi people, which is most likely derived from the Finno-Ugric word kojema meaning "man, human", but also possibly from the name of the Kama River... [more]
KOMODO Комодо (Settlement & Island) Indonesian, Javanese, Malay, Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Lithuanian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Ukrainian
Meaning uncertain, possibly from the name of a local ethnic group. This is the name of an island and village in eastern Indonesia.
KONSTANTINOPOL Константинопол (Settlement) Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Czech, Russian, Tajik, Uzbek
Form of Constantinople.
KORINT Коринт (Settlement) Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Norwegian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene
Form of Corinthus (see CORINTH).
KORINTIYA Коринтия (Political Subdivision & Region) Bulgarian
Bulgarian form of Corinthia.
KOSOVO Косово (Country) Afrikaans, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Indonesian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Ukrainian
From Albanian Kosova or Kosovë, which is derived from Serbian кос (kos) meaning "blackbird", an ellipsis of Косово Поље (Kosovo Polje) meaning "blackbird field"... [more]
KOSTA RIKA Коста Рика (Country) Albanian, Bulgarian, Greek, Lithuanian, Turkish
Form of COSTA RICA.
KRABI Краби (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Thai, Arabic, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Tajik, Turkish, Urdu
Means "sword" in Thai. This is the name of a province and city in southern Thailand.
KRIM Крим (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) Afrikaans, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, German, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Norwegian, Serbian, Swedish
Form of CRIMEA.
KRIT Крит (Political Subdivision & Island) Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Russian, Serbian
Form of Krete (see CRETE).
KUALA LUMPUR Куала Лумпур (Settlement) Malay, Indonesian, Acehnese, Banjar, Javanese, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Afrikaans, Armenian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Macedonian, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Turkmen, Uzbek
Means "muddy confluence" from Malay kuala meaning "confluence" and lumpur meaning "mud". This is the name of the capital and largest city of Malaysia.
KUALA TERENGGANU Куала Теренггану (Settlement) Malay, Indonesian, Banjar, Bulgarian, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
From Malay kuala meaning "confluence" combined with TERENGGANU. This is the name of a city in Malaysia that serves as the capital of the state of Terengganu.
KYURASAO Кюрасао (Political Subdivision & Island) Bulgarian, Kazakh, Russian, Ukrainian
Form of CURAÇAO.
LAGOS Лагос (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Western African, Hausa, Igbo, Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Turkmen, Uzbek
From Portuguese lagos meaning "lakes". This is the name of a city in Nigeria as well as a state of the same name.
LAKONIYA Лакония (Political Subdivision & Region) Bulgarian, Russian, Ukrainian
Bulgarian, Russian and Ukrainian form of LACONIA.
LAMPUNG Лампунг (Political Subdivision) Indonesian, Acehnese, Balinese, Javanese, Malay, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Albanian, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Urdu
From Tolang Pohwang, the name of a 7th-century kingdom, which is derived from Lampungese to meaning "people" and Lang Pohwang meaning "Lampung" (of uncertain etymology). This is the name of an Indonesian province in southern Sumatra.
LAOS Лаос (Country) Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dhivehi, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hindi, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Nepali, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Coined by the French when they united the three historical Lao kingdoms into French Indochina, a former group of colonial territories in Southeast Asia. The name comes from Lao ລາວ (lāo), the ethnic name of Lao people, who were the dominant group in the region... [more]
LHASA Лхаса (Settlement) Tibetan, Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bhutanese, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, Georgian, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Latvian, Malay, Nepali, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Romanian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Urdu
From Tibetan ལྷ་ས (lha sa) meaning "land of gods", derived from ལྷ (lha) meaning "deity, god" and ས (sa) meaning "land, earth". Alternatively, it may have been an alteration of Old Tibetan ར་ས (ra sa) meaning "land of goats" or "fortified land" from ར (ra) meaning "goat" or "enclosure" and ས (sa) meaning "land, earth"... [more]
LIBERIYA Либерия (Country) Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Russian, Tajik, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Form of LIBERIA.
LUZITANIYA Лузитания (Political Subdivision & Region) Bulgarian, Russian, Ukrainian
Bulgarian, Russian and Ukrainian form of Lusitania.
LYUKSEMBURG Люксембург (Country) Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Mongolian, Russian, Tajik, Uzbek
Form of LUXEMBOURG.
MADRID Мадрид (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Spanish, Afrikaans, Arabic, Armenian, Asturian, Azerbaijani, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Galician, German, Hebrew, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Turkmen, Uzbek
From the older name Magerit, which is of uncertain meaning and origin. It may be derived from Arabic اَلْمَجْرِيط‎ (al-majrīṭ) meaning "source of water", from Latin matrix meaning "mother, source, origin (of rivers)", or from Celtic mageto ritu meaning "great bridge"... [more]
MADZHAPAHIT Маджапахит (Country & Settlement) Bulgarian, Ukrainian
Bulgarian and Ukrainian form of MAJAPAHIT.
MAGREB Магреб (Region) Afrikaans, Bulgarian, Croatian, Hungarian, Macedonian, Romanian, Serbian, Slovene, Spanish, Tagalog
Form of MAGHRIB, referring to the region.
MAKAO Макао (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Albanian, Azerbaijani, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Georgian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Russian, Serbian, Turkish, Ukrainian
Form of Macau.
MAKEDONIYA Македония (Region) Bulgarian, Russian, Ukrainian
Bulgarian, Russian and Ukrainian form of MACEDONIA.
MALAYZIYA Малайзия (Country) Arabic, Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Russian, Tajik, Uzbek
Form of MALAYSIA.
MALDIVI Малдиви (Country) Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Macedonian, Serbian, Slovene
Form of MALDIVES.
MALI Мали (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Burmese, Catalan, Chinese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Lao, Latvian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Tatar, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From the name of the Mali Empire, which was derived from Mandinka or Bambara mali meaning "hippopotamus" or "the place where the king lives". This is the name of a landlocked country in West Africa.
MALTA Малта (Country & Island) Maltese, Afrikaans, Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, Georgian, German, Greek, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Kurdish, Latvian, Lithuanian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tajik, Turkish, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Uncertain, possibly derived from Greek μέλι (meli) meaning "honey". This is the name of an island nation in southern Europe.
MANILA Манила (Settlement) Filipino, Cebuano, Hiligaynon, Ilocano, Maranao, Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Burmese, Chinese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, English, Estonian, Finnish, Georgian, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Tajik, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek
From Tagalog Maynila, derived from may-nilà meaning "where indigo is found", ultimately from Sanskrit नील (nī́la) referring to the indigo plant. This is the name of the capital city of the Philippines.
MAVRITANIYA Мавритания (Country) Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Russian, Tajik, Uzbek
Form of MAURITANIA.
MAYKOP Майкоп (Settlement) Russian, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bulgarian, English, Indonesian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Malay, Mongolian, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From Adyghe Мыекъуапэ (Məeq°āpă) meaning "cape of apples", from мые (məe) meaning "apple" and къуапэ (q°āpă) meaning "cape, gorge, height". This is the name of the capital of Adygea.
MEDAN Медан (Settlement) Indonesian, Batak, Malay, Minangkabau, Afrikaans, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Kyrgyz, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Possibly from Tamil மைதானம் (maidhāṉam) meaning "ground, field", of Malay origin. This is the name of a city in Indonesia and the capital of North Sumatra province.
MINDANAO Минданао (Island) Filipino, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kazakh, Korean, Kyrgyz, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From a Spanish corruption of Magindanaw, the endonym of the Maguindanao people. The ethnic name means "people of the flood plains" or "people of the lake" from Maguindanao danao meaning "lake"... [more]
MOLDOVA Молдова (Country) Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Danish, English, Estonian, Finnish, Georgian, Hungarian, Indonesian, Latvian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Romanian, Turkish, Ukrainian
From the name of the Moldova River in eastern Romania, which is of uncertain origin and meaning. It may be from Slavic mold- meaning "spruce, fir" or *moldu meaning "tender, soft, young", from Old German molde meaning "open-pit mine", or Gothic Mulda meaning "dust, dirt"... [more]
MONROVIYA Монровия (Settlement) Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Russian, Tajik, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Form of MONROVIA.
NAZRAN Назран (Settlement) Russian, Arabic, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Greek, Norwegian, Ossetian, Portuguese, Persian, Romanian, Swedish, Tagalog, Tatar, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek
From Ingush Наьсаре (Nasare) possibly from Нясара (Nyasara), supposedly the name of the first person to settle in the region. This is the name of a town in Ingushetia that served as the republic's capital until 2000.
NEGERI SEMBILAN Негери Сембилан (Political Subdivision) Malay, Bulgarian, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Means "nine states" from Malay negeri meaning "state, country" and sembilan meaning "nine". The name refers to the nine original villages founded by Minangkabau settlers from Sumatra. This is the name of a state in Malaysia.
NIKOZIYA Никозия (Settlement) Bulgarian
Bulgarian form of NICOSIA.
NINSYA Нинся (Political Subdivision) Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Kazakh, Russian, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Form of NINGXIA.
NORVEGIYA Норвегия (Country) Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Russian, Uzbek
Form of NORWAY.
OMAN Оман (Country) Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bengali, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kazakh, Korean, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Uyghur
From Arabic عمان‎ (ʿUmān), which is of disputed etymology. It may be from Arabic عُمَانَة (ʿumāna), a byname for the historical city of Sohar (presently located in Al Batinah North Governorate, Oman), which is probably derived from the root ع م ن‎ (ʿ-m-n) meaning "to settle, to remain, to dwell"... [more]
OSETIYA Осетия (Region) Bulgarian, Russian, Ukrainian, Persian, Azerbaijani, Korean
Bulgarian, Russian, Ukrainian, Persian, Azerbaijani, and Korean form of OSSETIA.
PADANG Паданг (Settlement) Indonesian, Minangkabau, Acehnese, Balinese, Javanese, Malay, Sundanese, Afrikaans, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Korean, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Urdu, Uzbek
Means "field, plain" in Indonesian. This is the name of the capital city of West Sumatra province, Indonesia.
PAHANG Паханг (Political Subdivision & River) Malay, Indonesian, Banjar, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Italian, Korean, Macedonian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Urdu
Uncertain, possibly from mahang, the Malay name for a type of tree native to the area (genus Macaranga), or from Khmer ប៉ាហាំង (paahang) meaning "tin". This is the name of a Malaysian state as well as a river that flows through the region.
PANAMA Панама (Country) Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Belarusian, Bengali, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Burmese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Irish, Italian, Japanese, Kazakh, Khmer, Korean, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Lao, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek
From Spanish Panamá of uncertain meaning. It may be derived from the name of a tree commonly found in the area (genus Sterculia), from an indigenous word meaning "many butterflies", from Kuna bannaba meaning "distant, far away", or from a Guaraní word meaning "place of many fish"... [more]
PARIZH Париж (Settlement) Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Russian, Uyghur
Form of PARIS.
PENANG Пенанг (Political Subdivision & Island) Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Spanish, Turkish
From Malay Pulau Pinang meaning "betel palm island", from pinang meaning "betel nut" or "betel palm" (a type of tree). This is the name of an island and state in Malaysia.
PERAK Перак (Political Subdivision) Malay, Indonesian, Acehnese, Banjar, Minangkabau, Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Italian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tamil, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian
Means "silver" in Malay, named in reference to the region's position as one of the world's largest sources of tin. This is the name of a state of Malaysia.
PERLIS Перлис (Political Subdivision) Malay, Indonesian, Acehnese, Banjar, Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian
Of unclear origin, possibly from the Thai phrase พร้าวลอย (práao loi) meaning "floating coconut" or "coconut washed ashore", a reference to the many coconuts once found along the shores of the region... [more]
PHENYAN Пхенян (Settlement) Bulgarian
Bulgarian form of PYONGYANG.
PIRENEI Пиренеи (Mountain) Bulgarian, Italian, Russian
Bulgarian, Italian and Russian form of Pyrenees.
PLOVDIV Пловдив (Settlement) Bulgarian, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Uzbek
From a Thracian translation of the Latin name Pulpudeva, which is possibly derived from the given name PHILLIP and Dacian dava meaning "city, town, fortress"... [more]
POLINEZIYA Полинезия (Region) Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Russian, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Form of POLYNESIA.
RABAT Рабат (Settlement) Arabic, Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bosnian, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hebrew, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian
From Arabic الرباط (ar-rabāṭ) meaning "the ribat", referring to a type of fortification used during the Muslim conquest of the Maghreb. It is also used as a shortened form of the city's Arabic nickname, رِبَاط الفَتْح (ribāṭu l-fatḥ), which means "fortification of conquest, fortification of victory"... [more]
REYN Рейн (River) Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Russian, Ukrainian
Form of Rhine.
RIGA Рига (Settlement) Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Bengali, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Faroese, French, Georgian, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kazakh, Korean, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Turkmen, Urdu, Uyghur, Uzbek
From Latvian Rīga, origin disputed. It may be derived from Livonian ringa meaning "loop", referring to an ancient harbor formed by the tributary loop of the Daugava river, from Riege, the German name of the Rīdzene (a tributary of the Daugava), or from Latvian rija meaning "threshing barn"... [more]
RODEZIYA Родезия (Country) Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Russian, Ukrainian
Form of RHODESIA.
SACHUAN Съчуан (Political Subdivision) Bulgarian
Bulgarian form of SICHUAN.
SAHARA Сахара (Country & Region) Afrikaans, Armenian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Faroese, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kannada, Korean, Kurdish, Macedonian, Malay, Malayalam, Marathi, Nepali, Norwegian, Polish, Punjabi, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish, Tagalog, Telugu, Thai, Turkmen, Yiddish
Derived from Arabic صَحَارَى‎ (ṣaḥārā) meaning "deserts", the plural of صَحْرَاء (ṣaḥrāʾ) meaning "desert". This is the name of a desert in Northern Africa as well as a disputed territory and semi-independent state (Western Sahara).
SAMARIYA Самария (Region) Bulgarian, Russian, Ukrainian
Bulgarian, Russian and Ukrainian form of Samaria.
SAPORO Сапоро (Settlement) Armenian, Bulgarian, Georgian, Latvian, Serbian
Form of SAPPORO.
SARDINIYA Сардиния (Region & Island) Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Kazakh, Russian, Tajik, Uzbek
Form of SARDINIA.
SARMATIYA Сарматия (Region) Bulgarian, Russian, Ukrainian
Bulgarian, Russian and Ukrainian form of Sarmatia.
SATUN Сатун (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Thai, Arabic, Bulgarian, Dutch, English, French, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Lao, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Tajik, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu
Derived from Malay sentul meaning "santol" (a type of tropical fruit). This is the name of a province and city in southern Thailand.
SAUDITSKA ARABIYA Саудитска Арабия (Country) Bulgarian
Bulgarian form of SAUDI ARABIA.
SEBU Себу (Political Subdivision, Settlement & Island) Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Japanese, Korean, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Mongolian, Serbian, Russian, Tatar, Thai, Ukrainian
Form of CEBU.
SELANGOR Селангор (Political Subdivision) Malay, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Meaning uncertain. It may be derived from Malay langau meaning "horsefly", from the name Salang Ur meaning "Salang village" (from the name of the Salang people and Tamil ஊர் (ūr) meaning "village, town"), or from Malay salang possibly meaning "stabbing" combined with jemur meaning "to burn, to dry (in the sun)"... [more]
SEMARANG Семаранг (Settlement) Indonesian, Javanese, Acehnese, Balinese, Malay, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Bulgarian, Czech, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
From Indonesian asam meaning "tamarind" and jarang meaning "rare, seldom", a reference to the tamarind trees in the area that rarely grew close together. This is the name of a city in Indonesia that serves as the capital of Central Java province.
SHANDZHAN Шънджън (Settlement) Bulgarian
Bulgarian form of SHENZHEN.
SHANHAI Шанхай (Settlement) Armenian, Bulgarian, Georgian, Japanese
Armenian and Bulgarian alternate transcription of SHANHAY as well as the Georgian and Japanese form of SHANGHAI.
SHANHAY Шанхай (Settlement) Armenian, Bulgarian
Armenian and Bulgarian form of SHANGHAI.
SHOTLANDIYA Шотландия (Country) Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Russian, Tajik, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Form of SCOTLAND.
SIAM Сиам (Country) Afrikaans, Armenian, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Khmer, Korean, Kyrgyz, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From Portuguese Sciam, which was derived from Thai สยาม (sà-yǎam) of debated origin. The name may have come from Pali suvaṇṇabhūmi meaning "land of gold", Sanskrit श्याम (śyāma) meaning "dark, black", or Mon ရာမည (rhmañña) meaning "stranger"... [more]
SIERA LEONE Сиера Леоне (Country) Albanian, Bulgarian, Greek, Macedonian
Form of SIERRA LEONE.
SINAY Синай (Region & Mountain) Bulgarian, Russian
Bulgarian and Russian form of SINAI.
SITSILIYA Сицилия (Political Subdivision & Island) Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Russian
Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, and Russian form of SICILY.
SIYMEN (Settlement) Bulgarian
SLOVAKIYA Словакия (Country) Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Russian, Tajik, Uzbek
Form of SLOVAKIA.
SOFIA София (Settlement) Bulgarian, English
Capital of Bulgaria named after the Saint Sofia Church located in the city. The name was first used by Bulgarian tsar Ivan Shishman in the 14th century.
SOFIYA София (Settlement) Bulgarian, Azerbaijani, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Russian, Tajik, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Form of SOFIA.
SOMALIYA Сомалия (Country) Bulgarian
Bulgarian form of SOMALIA.
SREDETS Средец (Settlement) Bulgarian
Original Bulgarian name of SOFIA in use until the 18th century. It is also the name of a city in southeastern Bulgaria.
SUDETI Судети (Mountain) Bosnian, Bulgarian, Italian, Latvian, Serbian
Form of SUDETES.
SULAVESI Сулавеси (Political Subdivision & Island) Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Georgian, Kazakh, Russian, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Form of SULAWESI.
SUMATRA Суматра (Political Subdivision & Island) Indonesian, Acehnese, Balinese, Banjar, Javanese, Malay, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Nepali, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, Turkish, Uzbek
From Sanskrit समुद्र (samudrá) meaning "sea, ocean". This is the name of an island in Indonesia as well as three Indonesian provinces.
SURABAYA Сурабая (Settlement) Indonesian, Javanese, Acehnese, Balinese, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Afrikaans, Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek
From Javanese ꦯꦸꦫꦧꦪ (shurabaya), derived from ꦯꦸꦫ (shura) meaning "white shark" and ꦧꦪ (baya) meaning "crocodile". The name comes from 12th-century Javanese monarch Jayabaya, who foresaw a fight between a white shark and crocodile (which might have been referring to a Mongol invasion of Java in the late 13th century)... [more]
SURINAM Суринам (Country) Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dhivehi, English, Hindi, Kazakh, Korean, Kyrgyz, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Maltese, Mongolian, Nepali, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tajik, Thai, Turkish, Turkmen, Urdu, Uyghur, Uzbek
English variant of SURINAME as well as the standard name for the country in several languages.
TADZHIKISTAN Таджикистан (Country) Bulgarian, Russian
Bulgarian and Russian form of TAJIKISTAN.
TANZANIYA Танзания (Country) Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Russian, Tajik, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Form of TANZANIA.
TASHKENT Ташкент (Settlement) Belarusian, Bulgarian, English, Indonesian, Kazakh, Malay, Mongolian, Portuguese, Russian, Tagalog, Ukrainian, Uyghur
From Uzbek Toshkent meaning "stone city", from tosh meaning "stone" and Turkic kend meaning "city". This is the name of the capital city of Uzbekistan.
TATARSTAN Татарстан (Political Subdivision) Tatar, Bashkir, Basque, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Danish, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovene, Swedish, Ukrainian
From the ethnic name татар (tatar) combined with the Persian suffix -ستان (-stan) meaning "land of". The ethnic name is of uncertain origin, though it is believed to be derived from tata, an endonym for the Mongols... [more]
TAYPE Тайпе (Settlement) Bulgarian
Bulgarian form of TAIPEI.
TAYVAN Тайван (Country & Island) Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Russian, Turkish, Ukrainian
Form of TAIWAN.
TBILISI Тбилиси (Settlement) Georgian, Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Latvian, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From Georgian თბილი (tbili) meaning "warm", given because of the area's sulfuric hot springs. This is the name of the capital city of Georgia (the country).
TERENGGANU Теренггану (Political Subdivision) Malay, Indonesian, Acehnese, Banjar, Minangkabau, Bulgarian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Possibly from Malay terang ganu meaning "bright rainbow" or taring anu meaning "fang of something", supposedly said by a hunter when he discovered the tooth of an unknown animal. This is the name of a state in eastern Malaysia.
THIMPHU Тхимпху (Settlement) Bhutanese, Tibetan, Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bengali, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Latvian, Malay, Marathi, Polish, Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Uzbek
From Bhutanese ཐིམ་ (thim) meaning "to sink" and ཕུ་ (phu) meaning "high ground, foothill, upland" or "to fly". This is the name of the capital city of Bhutan.
TOGO Того (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Korean, Latvian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Means "land where lagoons lie" from Ewe to meaning "water" and go meaning "shore". Togo, officially the Togolese Republic, is a country in West Africa bordered by Ghana to the west, Benin to the east and Burkina Faso to the north.
TRANG Транг (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Thai, Bulgarian, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Tajik, Turkish, Urdu
Either from Malay terang meaning "bright, light, clear" or from Sanskrit तरंग (taraṃga) meaning "wave, ripple". This is the name of a province and city in southern Thailand.
TRANSILVANIYA Трансилвания (Region) Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Russian, Uzbek
Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Russian, and Uzbek form of TRANSYLVANIA.
TRANSOKSIANA Трансоксиана (Region) Bulgarian, Lithuanian
Bulgarian and Lithuanian form of TRANSOXIANA.
TRIPOLITANIYA Триполитания (Region) Bulgarian, Russian
Bulgarian and Russian form of Tripolitania.
TROYA Троя (Settlement) Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Russian, Spanish, Turkish, Ukrainian
Form of TROY.
TUNIS Тунис (Country & Settlement) Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hebrew, Hindi, Indonesian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Russian, Serbian, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uyghur, Uzbek
Meaning uncertain, possibly from the Tamazight root ens meaning "to lie down, to pass the night" or from the name of the Phoenician goddess TANITH... [more]
TURKMENISTAN Туркменистан (Country) Abkhaz, Afrikaans, Avar, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Chuvash, Circassian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Faroese, Finnish, German, Indonesian, Italian, Lezgin, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Serbian, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Ukrainian
From Turkmen Türkmenistan, from the ethnic name Türkmen combined with the Persian suffix -ستان (-stan) meaning "land of". The ethnic name is believed by some to mean "resembling a Turk" or "co-Turk", from the name of the Turkic peoples combined with the Sogdian suffix -myn or -men... [more]
TUVA Тува (Political Subdivision) Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, English, Finnish, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Ukrainian
From Tuvan Тыва (Tyva), which is from the name of the Tuvan people. The ethnic name is uncertain meaning, possibly of Mongolian origin. This is the name of a federal subject of Russia.
UDMURTIYA Удмуртия (Political Subdivision) Udmurt, Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Gagauz, Karachay-Balkar, Komi, Kyrgyz, Russian, Tatar, Ukrainian, Uzbek, Yakut
Form of UDMURTIA.
UFA Уфа (Settlement & River) Russian, Albanian, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Buryat, Chechen, Crimean Tatar, Croatian, Czech, Danish, English, Estonian, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kyrgyz, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Ossetian, Polish, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Tatar, Thai, Turkish, Udmurt, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From Bashkir Өфө (Öfö), which is of uncertain origin and meaning. It may be derived from the Iranian root ap meaning "water". This is the name of the capital city of Bashkortostan as well a river that runs through the Ural Mountains... [more]
ULAN BATOR Улан Батор (Settlement) Armenian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Danish, English, Finnish, Hebrew, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Serbian, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog
Form of ULAANBAATAR used in various languages as well as an English variant of the name.
URUMCHI Урумчи (Settlement) Uyghur, Armenian, Bulgarian, Chechen, Chuvash, Georgian, Hindi, Lezgin, Ossetian, Russian, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek
Uyghur alternate transcription of ÜRÜMCHI as well as the form of ÜRÜMQI used in various languages.
VARSHAVA Варшава (Settlement) Armenian, Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Russian, Tajik, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Form of WARSAW.
VATIKAN Ватикан (Country) Azerbaijani, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Estonian, Indonesian, Macedonian, Malay, Russian, Serbian, Slovene, Turkish
Form of Vatican, which is one of the names commonly used to refer to VATICAN CITY.
VAVILON Вавилон (Settlement) Bulgarian, Macedonian, Russian, Serbian
Bulgarian, Macedonian, Russian and Serbian form of BABYLON.
VILNYUS Вилнюс (Settlement) Armenian, Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Mongolian, Russian, Tajik, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Form of VILNIUS.
VITLEEM Витлеем (Settlement) Bulgarian, Macedonian
Bulgarian and Macedonian form of BETHLEHEM.
VLADIKAVKAZ Владикавказ (Settlement) Russian, English, Bulgarian, Dutch, French, Italian, Macedonian, Portuguese, Serbian
Means "ruler of the Caucasus" from Russian владеть (vladet) meaning "to own, to possess, to control" and Кавказ (Kavkaz) meaning "Caucasus"... [more]
VOGEZI Вогези (Mountain) Bulgarian, Croatian, Serbian, Slovene
Form of Vosges.
YAKUTIYA Якутия (Political Subdivision) Russian, Bulgarian, Ukrainian
Form of YAKUTIA.
YALA Яла (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Thai, Malay, Arabic, Bulgarian, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Tajik, Turkish, Urdu
Derived from Malay jala meaning "net", ultimately from Sanskrit जाल (jāla). This is the name of a province in southern Thailand as well as the region's capital city.
YAMAYKA Ямайка (Country & Island) Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Kazakh, Mongolian, Russian, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Form of JAMAICA.
YANGON Янгон (Settlement) Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, English, Estonian, Finnish, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Tagalog, Turkish, Uzbek
From Burmese ရန်ကုန် (rankun) meaning "end of strife" from ရန် (ran) meaning "enemy, danger" or "quarrel" combined with ကုန် (kun) meaning "to run out, end"... [more]
YAPONIYA Япония (Country) Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Kyrgyz, Russian, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Form of JAPAN.
YAVA Ява (Political Subdivision & Island) Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Russian, Sanskrit, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Form of JAVA.
YEMEN Йемен (Country) Bulgarian, Chinese, Danish, English, Italian, Kazakh, Korean, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Mongolian, Romanian, Russian, Somali, Spanish, Tagalog, Thai, Turkish, Uyghur
From Arabic اليمن (al-Yaman) which is probably from يَمِين (yamīn) meaning "right (hand), south". This is the name of a country in Western Asia.
YERUSALIM Йерусалим (Settlement) Bulgarian
Bulgarian form of JERUSALEM.
YORDAN Йордан (River) Bulgarian, Ukrainian
Bulgarian and Ukrainian form of JORDAN (the river).
YORDANIYA Йордания (Country) Bulgarian, Ukrainian
Bulgarian and Ukrainian form of JORDAN (the country).
YUDEYA Юдея (Region) Bulgarian, Ukrainian
Bulgarian and Ukrainian form of Iudaea (see JUDEA).
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