German Submitted Place Names

German names are used in Germany and other German-speaking areas such as Austria and Switzerland. See also about German names.
type
usage
Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
AACHEN (Settlement) English, Danish, Finnish, German, Greek, Hungarian, Norwegian, Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Turkish
From Old High German aha or its Latin counterpart aquae, referring to the sacred springs associated with Granus, a Celtic god, from which the Latin form Aquisgranum derives. This is the name of a city in western Germany.
ABCHASIEN (Country) German
German form of ABKHAZIA.
ABUJA (Settlement) Western African, Hausa, Igbo, Yoruba, Afrikaans, Arabic, Armenian, Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Urdu
From Abu-Ja, a nickname of 19th-century monarch Abubakar Jatau (sometimes referred to as "Abu"), who founded what is now the city of Abuja in 1828. By some accounts, he was described as having fair skin, which possibly earned him the nickname Ja meaning "red" in Hausa... [more]
ACEH (Political Subdivision) Indonesian, Banjar, Buginese, Malay, Minangkabau, Danish, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Icelandic, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Filipino, Tagalog
From Acehnese Acèh, which is of uncertain meaning. A popular backronym states that it is derived from Indonesian Arab, Cina, Eropa, Hindia meaning "Arab, China, Europe, Indies" referring to the groups and regions that have historically influenced the people of Aceh... [more]
ADYGEJA (Political Subdivision) Danish, German, Norwegian, Polish
Danish, German, Norwegian, and Polish form of ADYGEA.
AKADIEN (Region) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of Acadia.
AKARNANIEN (Region) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of Akarnania (see Acarnania).
ALEI (River) German
German transcription of the Russian Aley River.
ALMATY (Settlement) Kazakh, Albanian, Belarusian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkmen, Ukrainian
Meaning uncertain, possibly from Kazakh алма (alma) meaning "apple". This is the name of the largest city in Kazakhstan.
ALOR SETAR (Settlement) Malay, Indonesian, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hindi, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
From Malay alor meaning "river, stream" and setar meaning "gandaria" (a type of fruit). This is the name of a city in Malaysia that serves as the capital of Kedah.
ALPEN (Mountain) Dutch, German, Luxembourgish
Dutch, German and Luxembourgish form of Alps.
AMPER (River) German
This is the name of a river in Southern Bavaria, located in Southern Germany.... [more]
ANATOLIEN (Region) Danish, German, Luxembourgish, Swedish
Danish, German, Luxembourgish and Swedish form of ANATOLIA.
ANDALUSIEN (Political Subdivision) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of Andalusia.
ANDEN (Mountain) German
German name for the Andes mountain range.
ANDORRA (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Catalan, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Greek, Hungarian, Icelandic, Italian, Luxembourgish, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian
The name of the country of Andorra, whose name is possibly derived from a Basque word andurrial (“shrub-covered land”), but it may come from Arabic الدرا (“the forest”) or Spanish andar (“to walk”).
AQUITANIEN (Region) Danish, German
Danish and German form of AQUITAINE.
ARABIEN (Political Subdivision & Region) Danish, German, Luxembourgish, Swedish
Danish, German, Luxembourgish and Swedish form of ARABIA.
ARACHOSIEN (Region) German
German form of Arachosia.
ARKADIEN (Political Subdivision & Region) Danish, German, Luxembourgish, Swedish
Danish, German, Luxembourgish and Swedish form of ARCADIA.
ARPITANIEN (Region) German
German form of Arpitania.
ARUBA (Political Subdivision & Island) Afrikaans, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Italian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian
An island in the Caribbean Sea that is part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
ASERBAIDSCHAN (Country) German
German form of AZERBAIJAN
ASTANA (Settlement) Kazakh, Afrikaans, Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Greek, Indian, Hindi, Indonesian, Kyrgyz, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Filipino, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Means "capital city" in Kazakh, ultimately from Persian آستانه (astaneh). This was the name of the capital city of Kazakhstan until 2019, when it was renamed Nur-Sultan.
ASTURIEN (Political Subdivision) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of ASTURIAS.
ATHEN (Settlement) German
AUSTRALASIEN (Region) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of AUSTRALASIA.
AYUTTHAYA (Country & Settlement) Thai, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Derived from Sanskrit अयुध्य (ayudhya) meaning "invincible, unconquerable". This was the name of a kingdom (as well as one of its capital cities) that reigned from 1350 to 1767, considered the precursor of modern Thailand.
AZOREN (Political Subdivision & Region) Dutch, German, Luxembourgish
Dutch, German and Luxembourgish form of AZORES.
BADEN (Settlement) German
The name of a town in Austria.
BAGUIO (Settlement) Filipino, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Hispanicized form of Ibaloi bagiw meaning "moss". This is the name of a city in the Philippines.
BAHRAIN (Country) Arabic, Catalan, Danish, English, Finnish, German, Indonesian, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian, Swedish, Tagalog
Means "two seas" in Arabic, derived from بحر (bahr) meaning "sea" combined with the pluralising suffix ـين (ayni). In Arabic it is properly written with the definite article as البحرين (al-Bahrain)... [more]
BAKTRIEN (Political Subdivision & Region) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of Bactria.
BAKU (Settlement) Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Chinese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, English, Finnish, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Kyrgyz, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Nepali, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uyghur
From Azerbaijani Bakı from Persian باکو (baku), which is of uncertain meaning. One popular etymology suggests that it means "wind-pounded city" from Persian باد (bad) meaning "wind" and کوبیدن (kubidan) meaning "to pound, to beat" (given in reference to the area's storms and high winds)... [more]
BANDA ACEH (Settlement) Indonesian, Banjar, Minangkabau, Malay, Czech, Danish, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Means "port of Aceh" from Indonesian bandar meaning "port, harbour" (of Persian origin) and ACEH. This is the name of the capital city of the Indonesian province of Aceh.
BANDAR SERI BEGAWAN (Settlement) Malay, Indonesian, Afrikaans, Albanian, Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Filipino, Tagalog
From Malay bandar meaning "town", seri meaning "radiance, splendour, glory", and begawan meaning "holy". The name comes from Seri Begawan, a Malay title used by Bruneian Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien III (1914-1986), which is ultimately derived from Sanskrit श्री भगवान् (shri bhagvan) meaning "radiance of the gods"... [more]
BANDUNG (Settlement) Indonesian, Sundanese, Acehnese, Balinese, Banjar, Malay, Minangkabau, Albanian, Armenian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Kazakh, Korean, Kyrgyz, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, Turkish, Urdu, Uzbek
From Indonesian bendung or bendungan meaning "dam, dike", used to refer to the area in relation to the nearby Citarum River. Local sources also relate the name to the phrase Nga-Bandung-an Banda Indung, which is considered sacred in Sundanese culture... [more]
BANGKOK (Settlement) Thai, Afrikaans, Armenian, Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Korean, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Lao, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Uzbek
Believed to be derived from Thai บาง (bang) meaning "community, village, settlement" and กอก (kok) meaning "olive", possibly used in reference to the olive trees that grew around the area... [more]
BANGLADESCH (Country) German
German form of BANGLADESH.
BANGSAMORO (Political Subdivision) Filipino, Maguindanao, Maranao, Cebuano, Ilocano, Tagalog, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, French, Georgian, German, Indonesian, Italian, Korean, Malay, Portuguese, Serbian, Spanish, Turkish
From Malay bangsa meaning "nation, country, race" combined with Moro, the collective term for the thirteen predominantly Muslim ethnic groups of the Philippines, which is ultimately of Spanish origin... [more]
BANTEN (Political Subdivision) Indonesian, Sundanese, Acehnese, Balinese, Javanese, Madurese, Malay, Minangkabau, Afrikaans, Albanian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Russian, Serbian, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian
Meaning uncertain. It may be derived from the Sundanese and Bantenese phrase katiban inten meaning "struck down by diamonds", which was used to describe the spead of Islam in the region in the 15th century... [more]
BARI (Settlement) Italian, English, Armenian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Greek, Hungarian, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Sicilian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
From Latin Barium, itself of uncertain origin, possibly from Messapic *baur or *bur, meaning "house", ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bhreu ("to grow, to be"). This is the name of the capital city of Apulia, in southern Italy.
BARTEN (Region) German
German form of Bartia.
BASKENLAND (Political Subdivision) Dutch, German
Dutch and German form of Basque Country.
BERGEN (Settlement) Dutch, Norwegian, German
Newer form of Bjǫrgvin, a combination of Old Norse bjarg "mountain" and vin "meadow". This is the 2nd largest city in Norway.
BHUTAN (Country) English, Bengali, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, German, Indian, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Nepali, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Urdu
Probably from བོད (bod), the Tibetan name for the region of Tibet, derived from Sanskrit भोट-अन्त (bhoṭa-anta) meaning "end of Tibet" (referring to the country's geographical location in southern extremity of the Tibetan plateau)... [more]
BOGOR (Settlement) Indonesian, Sundanese, Javanese, Malay, Minangkabau, Afrikaans, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Uzbek
Means "sugar palm" (a type of tree) in Indonesian. This is the name of a city in West Java province, Indonesia.
BONAIRE (Political Subdivision & Island) Afrikaans, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Latvian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
An island in the Caribbean Sea that is a special municipality of the Netherlands.
BÖOTIEN (Political Subdivision & Region) German
German form of Boeotia.
BOTSUANA (Country) German, Portuguese, Sicilian, Spanish
German, Portuguese, Sicilian and Spanish form of BOTSWANA
BRÜGGE (Settlement) Azerbaijani, German
Azerbaijani and German form of Brugge.
BRUNEI (Country) Malay, Albanian, Basque, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Luxembourgish, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Ukrainian
Probably derived from the name of the island of Borneo, which in turn is most likely from Sanskrit वरुण (váruṇa) meaning "ocean, water". A local legend suggests that the name may be derived from the phrase baru nah meaning "there!" or "that's it!", which was supposedly declared by Muhammad Shah, Brunei's first sultan... [more]
BRÜSSEL (Settlement) Azerbaijani, Estonian, German
Azerbaijani, Estonian and German form of Brussels.
BUKITTINGGI (Settlement) Indonesian, Minangkabau, Javanese, Malay, Afrikaans, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Polish, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Means "tall hill" from Indonesian bukit meaning "hill" and tinggi meaning "high, tall". This is the name of a city in West Sumatra province, Indonesia.
BURJATIEN (Political Subdivision) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of BURYATIA.
BURUNDI (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Breton, Bulgarian, Burmese, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Faroese, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian
The name of the Country in East Africa. Burundi, officially the Republic of Burundi, is a landlocked country in the African Great Lakes region of East Africa, bordered by Rwanda to the north, Tanzania to the east and south, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west.
BUSAN (Settlement) Korean, Afrikaans, Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Serbian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
From Sino-Korean 釜山 (Busan) meaning "cauldron mountain" from 釜 (bu) meaning "cauldron, pot, kettle" and 山 (san) meaning "mountain". This is the name of a city in South Korea.
CASABLANCA (Settlement) Afrikaans, Bosnian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
Means "white house" in Spanish, from casa meaning "house" and blanca meaning "white". The name originates from a Spanish translation of the Arabic name الدَّار الْبَيْضَاء (ad-Dār al-Bayḍāʾ), which in turn was derived from a calque of the Portuguese name Casa Branca... [more]
CATANIA (Settlement) Italian, English, German, Sicilian, Spanish
From Ancient Greek Kατάvη (Katánē), itself either from Sicel katane ("grater"), due to its proximity to Mount Etna and the resulting rough earth, or from Proto-Italic katina ("basin"), owing to the wide valley around the town... [more]
CEBU (Political Subdivision, Settlement & Island) Filipino, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Afrikaans, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Swedish, Turkish
From Cebuano Sugbo, which is derived from Old Cebuano sibu or sibo meaning "trade", itself a shortened form of sinibuayng hingpit meaning "place for trading". This is the name of an island, province, and city (Cebu City) in the Philippines.
CHENGDU (Settlement) Chinese, Afrikaans, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Filipino, Tagalog
From Chinese 成 (chéng) meaning "completed, finished, succeeded" and 都 (dū) meaning "capital city, large city", supposedly named during the city's founding by the ninth king of the Kaiming dyntasty of the ancient state of Shu... [more]
CHENNAI (Settlement) Indian, Tamil, Bengali, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Malayalam, Marathi, Telugu, Afrikaans, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Kyrgyz, Malay, Mongolian, Nepali, Norwegian, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Filipino, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Turkish
Most likely from the name of 17th-century Telugu monarch Damarla Chennapa Nayaka (or Chennappa Naicker). This is the name of the capital city of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu, which was officially called Madras until 1996.
CHILE (Country) Czech, Danish, English, Finnish, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Luxembourgish, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish
From the name of the country in South America.... [more]
CHONGQING (Settlement) Chinese, Afrikaans, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kurdish, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
From Chinese 重 (chóng) meaning "to double, to duplicate" and 庆 (qìng) meaning "celebration, to celebrate". This is the name of a city in China.
CHORESMIEN (Political Subdivision & Region) German
German form of Khwarazm via its Greek and Latin name CHORASMIA.
CISKAUKASIEN (Region) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of CISCAUCASIA.
COLOMBO (Settlement) Afrikaans, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Luxembourgish, Malay, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
Probably from old Sinhalese kolamba meaning "ferry" or "port". It is popularly believed to be derived from Sinhalese කොලොන් තොට (kolon toṭa) meaning "port on the river Kelani" or කොල අඹ (kola am̆ba) meaning "leafy mango grove", altered with influence from the name of Italian explorer Christopher Columbus or Latin columba meaning "dove"... [more]
COSTA RICA (Country) Spanish, Afrikaans, Basque, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Swedish
The name of the Country in Central America. Costa Rica is a rugged, rainforested Central American country with coastlines on the Caribbean and Pacific. Though its capital, San Jose, is home to cultural institutions like the Pre-Columbian Gold Museum, Costa Rica is known for its beaches, volcanoes, and biodiversity... [more]
COTABATO (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Filipino, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
From Maguindanao Kutawatu meaning "stone city", from kuta meaning "city, fort" and wato meaning "stone, rock". This is the name of both a province and a city in the southern Philippines.
CURAÇAO (Political Subdivision & Island) Afrikaans, Basque, Bosnian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Swedish, Turkish
An island in the Caribbean Sea that is part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
DAGESTAN (Political Subdivision) Russian, Afrikaans, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog
Derived from Turkish dağ meaning "mountain" and the Persian suffix -ستان (-stan) meaning "land of". This is the name of a federal subject of Russia.
DARDANIEN (Region) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of Dardania.
DENPASAR (Settlement) Indonesian, Acehnese, Javanese, Minangkabau, Afrikaans, Albanian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Czech, Dutch, Danish, English, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian
From Balinese ᬤᬾᬦ᭄ᬧᬲᬃ (dénpasar) derived from den meaning "north" and pasar meaning "market". This is the name of a city in Indonesia and the capital of Bali.
DHAKA (Settlement) Bengali, Afrikaans, Albanian, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Luxembourgish, Malay, Nepali, Norwegian, Polish, Swedish, Tagalog, Urdu
Uncertain, possibly from the name of the dhak tree (scientific name Butea monosperma), which used to grow in the area, from Bengali ঢাক (ḍhak) referring to a traditional membranophone instrument, or from the name of the Hindu goddess Dhakeshwari... [more]
DNISTER (River) Afrikaans, German, Ukrainian
Afrikaans, German and Ukrainian form of DNIESTER.
DNJESTR (River) Dutch, Icelandic, Danish, German, Norwegian, Swedish
Dutch and Icelandic form of DNIESTER as well as a Danish, German, Norwegian and Swedish alternative name for the river.
DOMINICA (Country & Island) Afrikaans, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish
Derived from Latin dominica meaning "lordly" or "Sunday", named by explorer Christopher Columbus for his sighting of the island on a Sunday. This is the name of an island country in the Caribbean.
DORTMUND (Settlement) English, Basque, Belarusian, Breton, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, Frisian, German, Greek, Greenlandic, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Occitan, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Welsh
First mentioned in the 9th century AD as Throtmanni, of uncertain origin and meaning, the form Dortmunde first appeared in the 13th century. This is the name of a city in western Germany.
DRESDEN (Settlement) German
Dresden, capital of the eastern German state of Saxony, is distinguished by the celebrated art museums and classic architecture of its reconstructed old town. The name is of Slavic origin.
DSCHIBUTI (Country) German
German form of DJIBOUTI
DÜNA (River) German
German name of the river DAUGAVA.
DUSCHANBE (Settlement) German
German form of DUSHANBE.
EMDEN (Settlement) German
A city and seaport in Northwest Germany that has existed at least since the 8th century.
EMILIA-ROMAGNA (Political Subdivision) Italian, English, German, Romanian
Combination of the names of the two traditional regions, EMILIA and ROMAGNA, within the modern political region in northern Italy.
ERMLAND (Region) Afrikaans, Dutch, German, Norwegian, Swedish
The name used for Warmia in the West and North Germanic languages.
ETRURIEN (Region) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of ETRURIA.
EUPHRAT (River) German, Luxembourgish
German and Luxembourgish form of EUPHRATES.
EURASIEN (Region) Danish, German, Luxembourgish, Swedish
Danish, German, Luxembourgish and Swedish form of EURASIA.
FENNOSKANDIEN (Region) German
German form of Fennoscandia.
FLORIDA (Political Subdivision) Spanish, English, Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kurdish, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Turkish, Uzbek
Means "flowery, ornate" in Spanish, a short form of either la Florida meaning "the flowery one" or Pascua Florida meaning "flowery Easter" (a Spanish name for Palm Sunday, so named because the region was discovered by Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de León on that day in 1513)... [more]
FRANKFURT (Settlement) German, English
A metropolis and the largest city in the State of Hesse, In GERMANY. It is also the fifth largest city of Germany.
GABUN (Country) Burmese, German, Luxembourgish
Burmese, German, and Luxembourgish form of GABON.
GALICIEN (Political Subdivision) Danish, German, Luxembourgish, Swedish
Danish, German, Luxembourgish and Swedish form of Galicia.
GALILÄA (Region) German
German form of GALILEE.
GALINDEN (Region) German
German form of Galindia.
GANGES (River) Afrikaans, Armenian, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Icelandic, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
From Ancient Greek Γάγγης (Gángēs) from Sanskrit गङ्गा (gáṅgā) meaning "swift-goer", ultimately from गच्छति (gacchati) meaning "to go". This is the name of a river in South Asia that flows through India and Bangladesh.
GEDROSIEN (Region) German
German form of Gedrosia.
GENF (Settlement) German
German form of GENEVA.
GRAN CANARIA (Island) Spanish, English, Esperanto, Dutch, Welsh, Breton, Asturian, Aragonese, German, Estonian, Faroese, Galician, Croatian, Italian, Hungarian, Norwegian, Serbo-Croatian, Finnish, Swedish, Turkish, Icelandic, Czech, Polish, Romanian, Scots, Slovene
From Spanish gran "grande, great" and Canaria referring to the CANARY ISLANDS. Gran Canaria is the third largest and second most populous island of the Canary Islands.
GRENADA (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, Georgian, German, Greek, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Uzbek
Probably from Granada, the name of a city in Andalusia, Spain, which is derived from Arabic غَرْنَاطَة‎ (ḡarnāṭa) possibly meaning "hill of strangers". This is the name of an island country in the Caribbean.
GRIECHENLAND (Country) German
German form of GREECE
GRÖNLAND (Political Subdivision) German, Hungarian, Swedish, Turkish
Form of GREENLAND.
GROßBRITANNIEN (Country) German
German form of UNITED KINGDOM.
GUAM (Political Subdivision & Island) Afrikaans, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
The name of the Territory. Guam is a U.S. island territory in Micronesia, in the Western Pacific. It's distinguished by tropical beaches, Chamorro villages and ancient latte-stone pillars. Guam’s WWII significance is on view at the War in the Pacific National Historical Park, whose sites include Asan Beach, a former battlefield... [more]
HANOI (Settlement) Afrikaans, Armenian, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, Georgian, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Kurdish, Lao, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Swedish, Filipino, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Turkish
From Sino-Vietnamese 河內 (Hà Nội), which is derived from Chinese 河內 (Hénèi) meaning "inside the river", from 河 () meaning "river, stream" and 内 (nèi) meaning "inside", so named because of the area's location within the Red River... [more]
HARLAN (Region, Settlement, Mountain & Other) German
Harlan is a home rule-class city in and the county seat of Harlan County, Kentucky, United States. Harlan County is well known in folk and country music, having produced many prominent musicians. During the 20th century, it was often a center of labor strife between coal mine owners and union workers, especially in the Harlan County War of the 1930s.
HAT YAI (Settlement) Thai, Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
From a short form of Thai มะหาดใหญ่ (má-hàat yai) meaning "big monkey fruit" (a type of tree). This is the name of a city in southern Thailand.
HYRKANIEN (Region) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of Hyrcania.
INGERMANLAND (Region) Swedish, Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, German, Norwegian
Swedish form of Ingria, which some countries have adopted as their name for the historical region in northeastern Europe.
INGUSCHETIEN (Political Subdivision) German
German form of INGUSHETIA.
IPOH (Settlement) Malay, Indonesian, Banjar, Bulgarian, Czech, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Italian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
From Malay ipuh meaning "upas (a type of poisonous tree)". This is the name of a city in Malaysia that serves as the capital of the state of Perak.
ISLAMABAD (Settlement) Afrikaans, Armenian, Belarusian, Bengali, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Ukrainian, Uyghur
From Urdu اسلام آباد (Islām ābād) meaning "city of Islam" from the name of the religion of Islam and Urdu آباد (ābād) meaning "inhabited place, city". This is the name of the capital city of Pakistan.
ISTANBUL (Settlement) Arabic, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, English, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Urdu, Uyghur, Uzbek
From Turkish İstanbul, which comes from a misinterpretation of the Medieval Greek phrase εἰς τὴν Πόλιν (eis tḗn pólin) meaning "to the City", a colloquial name for the city of Constantinople (reflecting its status as the only major city in the vicinity)... [more]
JAKARTA (Settlement) Indonesian, Acehnese, Balinese, Javanese, Madurese, Malay, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Arabic, Armenian, Bengali, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Mongolian, Persian, Romanian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkmen, Urdu, Uzbek
From Sanskrit जयकर्त (jayakarta) meaning "that which causes victory", from जय (jaya) meaning "victory, conquest" and कृत (krta) meaning "done, made, accomplished"... [more]
JAVA (Political Subdivision & Island) Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Icelandic, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Mongolian, Nepali, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Serbian, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik
From Indonesian Jawa, which is of uncertain origin. It is most likely derived from Sanskrit यव-द्वीप (yava-dvīpa) meaning "island of barley", though it may have come from Javanese ꦗꦸꦮꦮꦸꦠ꧀ (juwawut) meaning "foxtail millet (a type of plant)" or Malay jauh meaning "far, distant"... [more]
JEREWAN (Settlement) Afrikaans, German
Afrikaans and German form of YEREVAN.
JOHOR (Political Subdivision) Malay, Indonesian, Acehnese, Banjar, Javanese, Minangkabau, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
From Arabic جَوْهَر (jawhar) meaning "jewel, precious stone", ultimately from Persian جوهر (jowhar). This is the name of a state in southern Malaysia.
JOHOR BAHRU (Settlement) Malay, Indonesian, Banjar, Javanese, Minangkabau, Czech, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish, Tagalog, Turkish
Means "new gem" from Arabic جَوْهَر‎ (jawhar) meaning "jewel, precious stone, gem" and Malay bahru meaning "new". This is the name of a city in Malaysia.
JOLO (Settlement & Island) Filipino, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Azerbaijani, Croatian, Czech, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Swedish
Probably from Hokkien 好儂 (hó lâng) meaning "good people", named by Chinese traders to reflect how they perceived the native people of the region. This is the name of an island in the southern Philippines as well as the capital city of the province of Sulu.
JUDÄA (Region) German
German form of Iudaea (see JUDEA).
KABUL (Settlement) Arabic, Armenian, Belarusian, Bengali, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Korean, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Ukrainian
From Pashto کابل (Kabal) which may have been derived from Kambuja or Kamboja, the name of an ancient Indo-Iranian tribe and kingdom. The name is of uncertain meaning, possibly from Sanskrit काम (kama) meaning "love, desire" and भुज् (bhuj) meaning "use, possess, rule"... [more]
KALABRIEN (Region) German, Luxembourgish, Swedish
German, Luxembourgish and Swedish form of CALABRIA.
KALIFORNIEN (Political Subdivision) Danish (Archaic), German, Luxembourgish, Swedish
Archaic Danish form of CALIFORNIA as well as the modern German, Luxembourgish and Swedish form of the name. The modern Danish form is Californien.
KALIMANTAN (Political Subdivision, Island & Region) Indonesian, Acehnese, Balinese, Banjar, Buginese, Javanese, Malay, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Czech, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hindi, Icelandic, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Turkish, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Means "burning weather (island)" from Sanskrit काल (kālá) meaning "time, season" and क्वथन (kvathana) meaning "boiling, churning". This is the name of the Indonesian portion of the island of Borneo, though it is used to refer to the entire island in Indonesian... [more]
KAMBODSCHA (Country) German
German form of CAMBODIA
KANTABRIEN (Political Subdivision) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of CANTABRIA.
KAP VERDE (Country & Island) Danish, Finnish, German, Swedish
Danish, Finnish, German and Swedish form of CAPE VERDE.
KARANTANIEN (Country) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of CARANTANIA.
KARMANIEN (Political Subdivision & Region) German
German form of CARMANIA.
KARNIEN (Region) German
German form of Carnia.
KARPATEN (Mountain) Dutch, German, Luxembourgish
Dutch, German and Luxembourgish form of CARPATHIANS.
KASHIWA (Settlement) Japanese, Arabic, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Malay, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Urdu
From Japanese 柏 (kashiwa) meaning "oak". This is the name of a city in Chiba Prefecture, Japan.
KASTILIEN (Region) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of CASTILE.
KATALONIEN (Political Subdivision) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of CATALONIA.
KATHMANDU (Settlement) Nepali, Bengali, Dutch, English, German, Gujarati, Hindi, Indonesian, Kannada, Malay, Malayalam, Marathi, Punjabi, Romanian, Telugu, Urdu
From Sanskrit काष्ठमण्डप (kāṣṭhamaṇḍapa), the name of a Hindu temple and shrine in Nepal. The name means "wooden pavilion" from Sanskrit काष्ठ (kāṣṭha) meaning "wood, timbre" combined with मण्डप (maṇḍapa) meaning "pavilion, hall, square, public shelter"... [more]
KAUKASIEN (Region) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of Caucasia, which is an alternative name for the CAUCASUS geographical region.
KEDAH (Political Subdivision) Malay, Indonesian, Acehnese, Banjar, Azerbaijani, Bengali, Bulgarian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Italian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
From Arabic قتح‎ (qataḥa), which is derived from the Tamil name கடாரம் (kadāram) possibly meaning "boiler, stockpot, cauldron". This is the name of a Malaysian state.
KELANTAN (Political Subdivision) Malay, Indonesian, Acehnese, Banjar, Javanese, Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian
Meaning uncertain, possibly from Malay gelam hutam meaning "cajeput" (a type of tree), kilatan meaning "lightning, flash" or kolam tanah meaning "dirt pool". Alternatively, it may be from Tamil கோலம் (kolam), which is another name for rangoli, an art form from the Indian subcontinent consisting of stylised designs made of powder... [more]
KIEV (Settlement) Ukrainian, Russian, Bulgarian, German, English
The name Kiev comes from a medieval legend about the founding of the city told by a Chronicler of Rus-Ukraine. It was three brothers, Kie, Shchek and Khoriv, and their sister Lebid, who were the founders.
KIRGISIEN (Country) Danish, German (Rare)
Danish and German form of KYRGYZSTAN via its Russian name KIRGIZIYA. This is an alternative name for the country; the standard name in both Denmark and Germany is KIRGISISTAN.
KOMI (Political Subdivision) Komi, Russian, Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kazakh, Korean, Kyrgyz, Latvian, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From the name of the Komi people, which is most likely derived from the Finno-Ugric word kojema meaning "man, human", but also possibly from the name of the Kama River... [more]
KOMODO (Settlement & Island) Indonesian, Banjar, Javanese, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Malay, Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Lithuanian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Ukrainian
Meaning uncertain, possibly from the name of a local ethnic group. This is the name of an island and village in eastern Indonesia.
KOMOREN (Country) German
German form of COMOROS.
KORINTH (Settlement) Danish, German, Swedish, Turkish
Danish, German, Swedish and Turkish form of Corinthus (see CORINTH).
KORINTHIEN (Political Subdivision & Region) German
German form of Corinthia.
KOSOVO (Country) Afrikaans, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Indonesian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Ukrainian
From Albanian Kosova or Kosovë, which is derived from Serbian кос (kos) meaning "blackbird", an ellipsis of Косово Поље (Kosovo Polje) meaning "blackbird field"... [more]
KOTA BHARU (Settlement) Malay, Indonesian, Banjar, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Means "new city" in Malay, from kota meaning "city, town, fort" and baharu meaning "new". This is the name of a city in Malaysia that serves as the capital of Kelantan.
KRABI (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Thai, Arabic, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Tajik, Turkish, Urdu
Means "sword" in Thai. This is the name of a province and city in southern Thailand.
KRIM (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) Afrikaans, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, German, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Norwegian, Serbian, Swedish
Form of CRIMEA.
KUALA LUMPUR (Settlement) Malay, Indonesian, Acehnese, Banjar, Javanese, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Afrikaans, Armenian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Macedonian, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Turkmen, Uzbek
Means "muddy confluence" from Malay kuala meaning "confluence" and lumpur meaning "mud". This is the name of the capital and largest city of Malaysia.
KUALA TERENGGANU (Settlement) Malay, Indonesian, Banjar, Bulgarian, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
From Malay kuala meaning "confluence" combined with TERENGGANU. This is the name of a city in Malaysia that serves as the capital of the state of Terengganu.
KUCHING (Settlement) Malay, Indonesian, Banjar, Armenian, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Indian, Hindi, Hungarian, Italian, Korean, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Urdu, Uzbek
Probably either derived from Malay kucing meaning "cat" or from Cochin (or Kochi), the name of a city in India. Other theories suggest that the name comes from Malay mata kucing, the name of a type of fruit, or from Chinese 古 (gǔ) meaning "old, ancient" combined with 井 (jǐng) meaning "well, pit"... [more]
KUWAIT (Country) Arabic, Danish, English, Finnish, German, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
Of uncertain meaning, possibly from the alleged Arabic root ك و ت (k-w-t) or from a word meaning "fortress built near water". This is the name of a country in Western Asia, usually written with the definite article: الكويت (al-Kuwait) in Arabic.
LAGOS (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Western African, Hausa, Igbo, Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Turkmen, Uzbek
From Portuguese lagos meaning "lakes". This is the name of a city in Nigeria as well as a state of the same name.
LAKONIEN (Political Subdivision & Region) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of LACONIA.
LAMPUNG (Political Subdivision) Indonesian, Acehnese, Balinese, Javanese, Malay, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Albanian, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Urdu
From the name of a 7th-century kingdom, Tolang Pohwang, which was derived from Lampungese to meaning "people" and Lang Pohwang, an old name for Lampung of uncertain origin. This is the name of an Indonesian province in southern Sumatra.
LANAO (Political Subdivision & Body of Water) Filipino, Cebuano, Tagalog, Ilocano, Pampangan, Chinese, Czech, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Russian, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian
From Maranao ranaw meaning "lake, body of water". This is the name of a lake and two provinces in the southern Philippines.
LAUSITZ (Region) German, Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, Icelandic, Norwegian, Swedish
German form of Lusatia, which some countries have adopted as their name for the Central European region.
LETTLAND (Country) Faroese, German, Icelandic, Swedish
Cognate of LATVIA.
LHASA (Settlement) Tibetan, Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bhutanese, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, Georgian, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Latvian, Malay, Nepali, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Romanian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Urdu
From Tibetan ལྷ་ས (lha sa) meaning "land of gods", derived from ལྷ (lha) meaning "deity, god" and ས (sa) meaning "land, earth". Alternatively, it may have been an alteration of Old Tibetan ར་ས (ra sa) meaning "land of goats" or "fortified land" from ར (ra) meaning "goat" or "enclosure" and ས (sa) meaning "land, earth"... [more]
LIBURNIEN (Region) German
German form of Liburnia.
LIBYEN (Country) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of LIBYA.
LIVLAND (Region) German, Swedish, Danish, Norwegian
German and Scandinavian form of LIVONIA.
LIVORNO (Settlement) Italian, English, Bulgarian, Czech, Dutch, Esperanto, Finnish, German, Greek, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Ukrainian
From Old Italian Ligorno, itself from Latin Liburnus, derived from the tribe of the Liburnians (in Latin Liburni). This is the name of a port city in north-central Italy.
LONGYEARBYEN (Settlement) Norwegian, English, Afrikaans, Asturian, Basque, Breton, Catalan, Cebuano, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Esperanto, Estonian, Finnish, French, Galician, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Interlingua, Italian, Malay, Manx, Maori, North Frisian, Piedmontese, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Sami, Scots, Scottish Gaelic, Serbian, Silesian, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish, Turkish, Vietnamese, West Frisian
Means "The Longyear town" in Norwegian. Longyearbyen is the main settlement of the Norwegian archipelago SVALBARD in the Arctic Ocean. The town was named after American businessman John Munro LONGYEAR (1850-1922) whose company helped develop the settlement.
LUSITANIEN (Political Subdivision & Region) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of Lusitania.
LUZON (Island) Filipino, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Afrikaans, Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Turkish
Of uncertain meaning, probably from Tagalog lusong meaning "mortar (for pounding rice)". This is the name of the largest island in the Philippines.
MACHELONIEN (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) German
German form of MACHELONIA.
MADRID (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Spanish, Afrikaans, Arabic, Armenian, Asturian, Azerbaijani, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Galician, German, Hebrew, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Turkmen, Uzbek
From the older name Magerit, which is of uncertain meaning and origin. It may be derived from Arabic اَلْمَجْرِيط‎ (al-majrīṭ) meaning "source of water", from Latin matrix meaning "mother, source, origin (of rivers)", or from Celtic mageto ritu meaning "great bridge"... [more]
MAGUINDANAO (Political Subdivision) Filipino, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Swedish, Turkish
From Spanish Maguindanao, which is a corruption of Magindanaw, the endonym of the Maguindanao people. The ethnic name means "people of the flood plains" or "people of the lake" from the word danao meaning "lake"... [more]
MAJAPAHIT (Country & Settlement) Indonesian, Acehnese, Balinese, Banjar, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Malay, Afrikaans, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Sanskrit, Swedish, Filipino, Tagalog, Turkish
Means "bitter maja", from Javanese maja referring to the bael tree (genus Aegle) and Malay pahit meaning "bitter, acrid". This was the name of a kingdom (as well as its capital city) based on the island of Java that existed from 1293 to 1527.
MAKASSAR (Settlement) Indonesian, Acehnese, Buginese, Javanese, Malay, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Romanian, Swedish, Thai, Turkish
From Makassarese akkasaraki nabbiya meaning "appearance of the prophet", taken from a legend in which a 16th-century king was supposedly approached by the Prophet Muhammad himself. This is the name of a city in Indonesia that serves as the capital of the South Sulawesi province.
MALAKKA (Country, Political Subdivision, Settlement & Body of Water) Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Czech, Dutch, Finnish, German, Greek, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Luxembourgish, Norwegian, Polish, Russian, Turkish, Ukrainian
Form of MALACCA.
MALAYSIA (Country) Malay, Indonesian, Acehnese, Balinese, Banjar, Buginese, Javanese, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Danish, English, German, Italian, Norwegian, Romanian, Swedish, Filipino, Tagalog
From the name of the Malay people combined with the Greek suffix σία (sia). The ethnic name itself is of uncertain origin, possibly derived from Melayu or Malayu, the name of an ancient Sumatran kingdom, which may have been derived from Tamil மலை (malai) or Malayalam മല (mala) both meaning "hill, mountain" combined with Tamil ஊர் (ur) meaning "village, town"... [more]
MALI (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Burmese, Catalan, Chinese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Lao, Latvian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Tatar, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From the name of the Mali Empire, which was derived from Mandinka or Bambara mali meaning "hippopotamus" or "the place where the king lives". This is the name of a landlocked country in West Africa.
MANAMA (Settlement) Arabic, Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bengali, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Greek, Hungarian, Icelandic, Italian, Japanese, Kazakh, Korean, Kyrgyz, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Tibetan, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek
Means "place of sleep, place of rest" in Arabic. This is the name of the capital city of Bahrain, usually written with the definite article: المنامة (al-Manama) in Arabic.
MANDALAY (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Afrikaans, Albanian, Arabic, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From Burmese မန္တလေး (mandale) of unclear origin, possibly from Sanskrit मण्डल (mandala) meaning "circle, disk". This is the name of an administrative division of Myanmar as well as its regional capital.
MANILA (Settlement) Filipino, Cebuano, Hiligaynon, Ilocano, Maranao, Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Burmese, Chinese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, English, Estonian, Finnish, Georgian, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Tajik, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek
From Tagalog Maynila derived from the term may-nilà meaning "where indigo is found", ultimately from Sanskrit नील (nī́la) referring to the indigo plant. This is the name of the capital city of the Philippines.
MARAWI (Settlement) Filipino, Maranao, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Albanian, Arabic, Dutch, English, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Urdu
From Maraghui or Marahui, the name of a Maranao fort and settlement that was seiged in 1895, which is of uncertain meaning. This is the name of a city in the southern Philippines that serves as the capital of the Lanao del Sur province.
MASOWIEN (Region) German
German form of Masovia.
MAURETANIEN (Country) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German, and Swedish form of MAURITANIA.
MEDAN (Settlement) Indonesian, Batak, Banjar, Minangkabau, Malay, Afrikaans, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Indian, Hindi, Hungarian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Kyrgyz, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Possibly from Tamil மைதானம் (maidhāṉam) meaning "ground, field". This is the name of the capital city of the Indonesian province of North Sumatra.
MEDIEN (Political Subdivision & Region) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of Media.
MERAPI (Mountain) Indonesian, Javanese, Balinese, Banjar, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Malay, Albanian, Armenian, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Greek, Indian, Hindi, Hungarian, Italian, Kazakh, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian
From Sanskrit मेरु (Meru), the name of a legendary mountain in Buddhist and Hindu mythology, combined with Indonesian api meaning "fire". This is the name of a volcano on the island of Java in Indonesia.
MESSENIEN (Political Subdivision & Region) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of Messenia.
MINDANAO (Island) Filipino, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kazakh, Korean, Kyrgyz, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From a Spanish corruption of Magindanaw, the endonym of the Maguindanao people. The ethnic name means "people of the flood plains" or "people of the lake" from Maguindanao danao meaning "lake"... [more]
MINSK (Settlement) Belarusian, Afrikaans, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Indian, Hindi, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tajik, Turkish, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek
From Old East Slavic Мѣньскъ (Měnĭskŭ), which was derived from a river named Men. This is the name of the capital city of Belarus.
MITTELMEER (Body of Water) German
Combination of German mittel "middle, medium" and Meer "sea". This is the German name for the Mediterranean Sea.
MODENA (Settlement) Italian, English, Afrikaans, Albanian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Cebuano, Croatian, Czech, Dutch, Finnish, Georgian, German, Greek, Hungarian, Japanese, Kazakh, Korean, Malay, Neapolitan, Norwegian, Occitan, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Sardinian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swahili, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian, Venetian, Vietnamese
From Latin MUTINA, itself from Etruscan Mutna, of uncertain meaning. This is the name of a city in northern Italy.
MOLUKKEN (Region) Dutch, German
Dutch and German form of Moluccas, which is a common alternative name for the Maluku Islands.
MONROVIA (Settlement) Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Bosnian, Czech, Danish, English, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, Greek, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
The capital city of Liberia, named after American president James MONROE (1758-1831).
MONTENEGRO (Country) Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Indonesian, Italian, Kurdish, Luxembourgish, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish
Means "black mountain" in Venetian, originally a calque of the Montenegrin name Црна Гора (Crna Gora) referring to Mount Lovćen... [more]
NADRAUEN (Region) German
German form of Nadruvia.
NARATHIWAT (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Thai, Dutch, English, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
From Thai นร (nara) meaning "man" and อธิวาส (athiwat) meaning "residence, house". This is the name of a province and city in southern Thailand.
NASRAN (Settlement) German
German form of NAZRAN.
NATANGEN (Region) German
German form of Natangia.
NAYPYIDAW (Settlement) Afrikaans, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Swedish, Filipino, Tagalog, Turkish
From Burmese နေပြည်တော် (Nepyidaw) meaning "abode of the king" or "royal abode", from နေပြည် (ne-pyi) meaning "abode" and တော် (taw) meaning "royal, sacred"... [more]
NEFTEKAMSK (Settlement) Russian, English, Azerbaijani, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Italian, Norwegian, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From Russian нефть (neft) meaning "oil, petroleum" combined with the name of the Kama River. This is the name of a city in Bashkortostan, Russia.
NEGERI SEMBILAN (Political Subdivision) Malay, Indonesian, Acehnese, Banjar, Javanese, Bulgarian, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Means "nine states" from Malay negeri meaning "state, country" and sembilan meaning "nine". The name refers to the nine original villages founded by Minangkabau settlers from Sumatra. This is the name of a state in Malaysia.
NEUKALEDONIEN (Political Subdivision) German
German form of New Caledonia.
NEUSEELAND (Country & Island) German
German form of NEW ZEALAND.
NINGXIA (Political Subdivision) Chinese, Afrikaans, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Kurdish, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
From Chinese 宁 (níng) meaning "peaceful, calm, serene" and 夏 (xià) referring to the Western Xia, an empire that existed from 1038 to 1227... [more]
NORDAMERIKA (Region) Swedish, Danish, German
Swedish, Danish and German form of North AMERICA.
NORDKOREA (Country) German, Swedish, Danish
German, Swedish and Danish form of North KOREA.
NOUAKCHOTT (Settlement) French, Afrikaans, Albanian, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog
From Arabic نواكشوط (Nuwākšūṭ), which is from Tamazight Nawākšūṭ meaning "place of the winds" or inua u-kshut meaning "made of wood, made of sticks". This is the name of the capital of Mauritania.
NUR-SULTAN (Settlement) Kazakh, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hindi, Italian, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Mongolian, Norwegian, Romanian, Russian, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian
From the given name NURSULTAN. This is the name of the capital city of Kazakhstan, renamed in honour of former president Nursultan Nazarbayev (1940-)... [more]
OMAN (Country) Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bengali, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Burmese, Catalan, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kazakh, Korean, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Uyghur
From Arabic عمان‎ (ʿUmān), which is of disputed etymology. It may be from Arabic عُمَانَة (ʿumāna), a byname for the historical city of Sohar (presently located in Al Batinah North Governorate, Oman), which is probably derived from the root ع م ن‎ (ʿ-m-n) meaning "to settle, to remain, to dwell"... [more]
ORAN (Settlement) Afrikaans, Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Japanese, Kazakh, Korean, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Swedish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From Arabic وَهران‎ (Wahrān) which is ultimately from the Berber root hr meaning "lion". This is the name of a city in Algeria.
OSSETIEN (Region) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of OSSETIA.
ÖSTERBOTTEN (Political Subdivision & Region) Swedish, Danish, Dutch, German, Norwegian
Swedish form of Ostrobothnia, which some countries have adopted as their name for the Finnish region and the historical Swedish province.
OSTERINSEL (Political Subdivision & Island) German
German form of Easter Island.
PADANG (Settlement) Indonesian, Minangkabau, Acehnese, Balinese, Javanese, Malay, Sundanese, Afrikaans, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Korean, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Urdu, Uzbek
Means "field, plain" in Indonesian. This is the name of the capital city of the Indonesian province of West Sumatra.
PAHANG (Political Subdivision & River) Malay, Indonesian, Banjar, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Italian, Korean, Macedonian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Urdu
Uncertain, possibly from mahang, the Malay name for a type of tree native to the area (genus Macaranga), or from Khmer ប៉ាហាំង (paahang) meaning "tin". This is the name of a Malaysian state as well as a river that flows through the region.
PAIONIEN (Region) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of Paionia (see Paeonia).
PALEMBANG (Settlement) Indonesian, Malay, Javanese, Minangkabau, Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Indian, Hindi, Hungarian, Icelandic, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Uzbek
Meaning unclear, possibly from the prefix pa- denoting location combined with Malay limbang meaning "to pan gold, to wash rice" or lembang meaning "to cause (water) to flow" or "lowland basin, valley" (a reference to the area's geography as a wetland)... [more]
PALERMO (Settlement) Italian, English, Dutch, Esperanto, Georgian, German, Greek, Maltese, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Turkish
From Latin Panormus, itself from Ancient Greek Πάνορμος (Pánormos), composed of the words πᾰν (pan, "all") and ὅρμος (hórmos, "port"), influenced by Arabic بَلَرْم‎ (balarm)... [more]
PANAMA (Country) Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Belarusian, Bengali, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Burmese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Irish, Italian, Japanese, Kazakh, Khmer, Korean, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Lao, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek
From Spanish Panamá of uncertain meaning. It may be derived from the name of a tree commonly found in the area (genus Sterculia), from an indigenous word meaning "many butterflies", from Kuna bannaba meaning "distant, far away", or from a Guaraní word meaning "place of many fish"... [more]
PANGASINAN (Political Subdivision) Filipino, Pangasinan, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu
From the name of the Pangasinan people meaning "place of salt" or "land of salt", derived from Pangasinan pang- meaning "for", asin meaning "salt", and the place marker suffix -an... [more]
PARMA (Settlement) Italian, English, Ancient Roman, Catalan, German, Maltese, Spanish, Russian
From Latin Parma, itself from Etruscan parme, of uncertain meaning. This is the name of a city in northern Italy.
PARTHIEN (Region) German
German form of Parthia.
PATTANI (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Thai, Malay, Azerbaijani, Dutch, English, Finnish, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Tajik, Turkish
Most likely from Pattani Malay patani meaning "this beach" (compare standard Malay pantai ini). Alternately, it may have come from a Sanskrit word meaning "virgin nymph" or from Malay petani meaning "farmer"... [more]
PELAGONIEN (Region) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of Pelagonia.
PENANG (Political Subdivision & Island) Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Spanish, Turkish
From Malay Pulau Pinang meaning "betel palm island", from pinang meaning "betel nut" or "betel palm" (a type of tree). This is the name of an island and state in Malaysia.
PERAK (Political Subdivision) Malay, Indonesian, Acehnese, Banjar, Minangkabau, Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Italian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tamil, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian
Means "silver" in Malay, named in reference to the region's position as one of the world's largest sources of tin. This is the name of a state of Malaysia.
PERLIS (Political Subdivision) Malay, Indonesian, Acehnese, Banjar, Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian
Of unclear origin, possibly from the Thai phrase พร้าวลอย (práao loi) meaning "floating coconut" or "coconut washed ashore", a reference to the many coconuts once found along the shores of the region... [more]
PERUGIA (Settlement) Italian, English, Dutch, German, Spanish
From Latin Perusia, itself from Etruscan Perusna, of uncertain meaning. This is the name of the capital city of UMBRIA, in central Italy.
PHNOM PENH (Settlement) Afrikaans, Albanian, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovene, Swedish, Filipino, Tagalog, Turkish
From Khmer ភ្នំពេញ (Phnum Pin) meaning "Penh's hill", from ភ្នំ (phnum) meaning "hill, mountain" and ពេញ (pin), the name of a legendary woman who supposedly founded the city in 1372... [more]
PHUKET (Political Subdivision, Settlement & Island) Thai, Albanian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Lao, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Derived from Malay bukit meaning "hill". This is the name of an island, province, and city in southern Thailand.
PLOWDIW (Settlement) German, Turkmen
German and Turkmen form of PLOVDIV.
PODLACHIEN (Region) German
German form of Podlachia.
PODLASIEN (Region) Swedish, German
Swedish form of Podlachia as well as a German variant of PODLACHIEN.
POGESANIEN (Region) German
German form of Pogesania.
POLYNESIEN (Region) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German, Swedish form of POLYNESIA.
POMESANIEN (Region) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of Pomesania.
PRATO (Settlement) Italian, English, French, Esperanto, German, Spanish, Dutch
Italian for "meadow". This is the name of a city in northern Italy, which was probably chosen because the city was founded on a meadow.
PUERTO RICO (Political Subdivision) Spanish, Afrikaans, Basque, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hungarian, Luxembourgish, Norwegian, Romanian, Swedish
Means "rich port" in Spanish. Puerto Rico is a Caribbean island and unincorporated U.S. territory with a landscape of mountains, waterfalls and the El Yunque tropical rainforest. In San Juan, the capital and largest city, the Isla Verde area is known for its hotel strip, beach bars and casinos... [more]
PUNCAK JAYA (Mountain) Indonesian, Balinese, Javanese, Malay, Sundanese, Bosnian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Norwegian, Romanian, Slovak, Swedish, Turkish
Means "summit of victory" from Indonesian puncak meaning "top, summit, peak" and jaya meaning "victory". This is the name of the highest mountain in Indonesia located on the island of New Guinea, sometimes referred to as the Carstensz Pyramid.
PUNJAB (Political Subdivision & Region) English, Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, German, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Swedish, Tagalog
From Punjabi پنجاب (Paṉjāb) or ਪੰਜਾਬ (Pañjāb) which is from Persian پنجاب (panjâb) meaning "five rivers" or "five waters", derived from پنج (panj) meaning "five" and آب (âb) meaning "water, river"... [more]
PUTRAJAYA (Settlement) Malay, Indonesian, Acehnese, Javanese, Minangkabau, English, Afrikaans, Armenian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Indian, Hindi, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Romanian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Filipino, Tagalog, Turkish
Derived from Malay putra or putera meaning "prince", ultimately from Sanskrit पुत्र (putra), and jaya meaning "success, victory", ultimately from Sanskrit जय (jaya)... [more]
PYRENÄEN (Mountain) German, Luxembourgish
German and Luxembourgish form of Pyrenees.
QARAGHANDY (Settlement) Kazakh, Bashkir, German, Swedish
Kazakh, Bashkir, German, and Swedish form of KARAGANDA.
QUEZON (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Filipino, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Afrikaans, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Swedish, Turkish
From the surname QUEZON, named in honour of Manuel Quezon (1878-1844), the second president of the Philippines. This is the name of both a province and city in the Philippines.
RABAT (Settlement) Arabic, Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bosnian, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hebrew, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian
Means "ribat" in Arabic, referring to a type of fortification used during the Muslim conquest of the Maghreb. It is also used as a shortened form of the city's Arabic nickname, رباط الفتح (ribatu l-fath), which means "fortification of conquest, fortification of victory"... [more]
REGGIO CALABRIA (Settlement) Italian, English, German, Dutch
From Latin Regium, itself from Ancient Greek Ῥήγιoν (Rhéghion), of uncertain meaning. This is the name of a city in southern Italy.... [more]
REGGIO EMILIA (Settlement) Italian, English, Dutch, German, Spanish
From Latin Regium, abbreviation of Regium Lepidi, named after Marcus Aemilius Lepidus, who oversaw the construction of the Via Aemilia. This is the name of a city in northern Italy.... [more]
RHEIN (River) German
German form of Rhine.
RHODESIEN (Country) German
German form of RHODESIA.
RIGA (Settlement) Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Bengali, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Faroese, French, Georgian, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kazakh, Korean, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Turkmen, Urdu, Uyghur, Uzbek
From Latvian Rīga, origin disputed. It may be derived from Livonian ringa meaning "loop", referring to an ancient harbor formed by the tributary loop of the Daugava river, from Riege, the German name of the Rīdzene (a tributary of the Daugava), or from Latvian rija meaning "threshing barn"... [more]
RÜGEN (Island) German
SABAH (Political Subdivision) Malay, Indonesian, Acehnese, Banjar, Javanese, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Indian, Hindi, Hungarian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Romanian, Serbian, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Urdu
Of uncertain meaning, possibly from the name of the saba banana (a cultivar originally from the Philippines), which comes from a Visayan word meaning "loud, noisy". Other theories suggest that it is derived from a Brunei Malay word meaning "upstream, northerly", from Malay sabak referring to a place where palm sugar is extracted, or from Arabic صباح (sabah) meaning "morning"... [more]
SAHARA (Country & Region) Afrikaans, Armenian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Faroese, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kannada, Korean, Kurdish, Macedonian, Malay, Malayalam, Marathi, Nepali, Norwegian, Polish, Punjabi, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish, Tagalog, Telugu, Thai, Turkmen, Yiddish
Derived from Arabic صَحَارَى‎ (ṣaḥārā) meaning "deserts", the plural of صَحْرَاء (ṣaḥrāʾ) meaning "desert". This is the name of a desert in Northern Africa as well as a disputed territory and semi-independent state (Western Sahara).
SAMARIEN (Region) German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of Samaria.
SAMBIA (Country) Finnish, German
Finnish and German form of ZAMBIA
SAMLAND (Region) Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, German, Norwegian, Swedish
The name used for SAMBIA in the West and North Germanic languages.
SÁPMI (Region) Sami, Swedish, English, German, Breton, Faroese, Manx, Scots, Vietnamese
Perhaps ultimately derived from Proto-Balto-Slavic *źemē meaning "earth". Suomi, the Finnish name for Finland, is believed to be derived from the same root... [more]
SAPPORO (Settlement) Japanese, Afrikaans, Azerbaijani, Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hindi, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Turkish, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From Ainu サッ・ポロ・ペッ (sat poro pet) meaning "dry, great river", referring to the Toyohira River. This is the name of a city in northern Japan that serves as the capital of the Hokkaido Prefecture.
SARAJEVO (Settlement) Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Norwegian, Malay, Maltese, Portuguese, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
From Turkish saray meaning "palace, mansion, house" and ova meaning "plain, lowland" or the Slavic suffix -evo used to indicate place names. This is the name of the capital city of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
SARAJEWO (Settlement) German, Indonesian, Polish
Polish form of SARAJEVO as well as a German and Indonesian variant.
SARAWAK (Political Subdivision) Malay, Indonesian, Acehnese, Banjar, Javanese, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Korean, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Romanian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Urdu
Probably from Sarawak Malay serawak or serewa meaning "antimony". This is the name of a state in eastern Malaysia.
SARDINIEN (Political Subdivision & Island) Danish, German, Swedish
Danish, German and Swedish form of SARDINIA.
SARMATIEN (Region) German
German form of Sarmatia.
SATUN (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Thai, Arabic, Bulgarian, Dutch, English, French, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Lao, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Tajik, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu
Derived from Malay sentul meaning "santol" (a type of tropical fruit). This is the name of a province and city in southern Thailand.
SAVO (Political Subdivision) Finnish, Dutch, Estonian, German, Italian, Russian
Finnish form of Savonia, which some countries have adopted as their name for the Finnish historical province.
SCHALAUEN (Region) German
German form of Scalovia.