Turkish Submitted Place Names

Turkish names are used in the country of Turkey, which is situated in western Asia and southeastern Europe. Turkey is part of the larger Muslim world. See also about Turkish names.
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Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
ABHAZYA (Country) Turkish
Turkish form of ABKHAZIA.
ABUJA (Settlement) Western African, Hausa, Igbo, Yoruba, Afrikaans, Arabic, Armenian, Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Urdu
From Abu-Ja, a nickname of 19th-century monarch Abubakar Jatau (sometimes referred to as "Abu"), who founded what is now the city of Abuja in 1828. By some accounts, he was described as having fair skin, which possibly earned him the nickname Ja meaning "red" in Hausa... [more]
AÇE (Political Subdivision) Turkish
Turkish form of ACEH.
ALMANYA (Country) Turkish
Turkish form of ALEMANNIA, used as the Turkish name for Germany.
ALMATI (Settlement) Azerbaijani, Crimean Tatar, Gagauz, Turkish
Azerbaijani, Crimean Tatar, Gagauz, and Turkish form of ALMATY.
ALOR SETAR (Settlement) Malay, Indonesian, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hindi, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
From Malay alor meaning "river, stream" and setar meaning "gandaria" (a type of fruit). This is the name of a city in Malaysia that serves as the capital of Kedah.
ALPLER (Mountain) Turkish
Turkish form of Alps.
ANADOLU (Region) Azerbaijani, Turkish
Azerbaijani and Turkish form of ANATOLIA.
ANDORRA (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Catalan, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Greek, Hungarian, Icelandic, Italian, Luxembourgish, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian
The name of the country of Andorra, whose name is possibly derived from a Basque word andurrial (“shrub-covered land”), but it may come from Arabic الدرا (“the forest”) or Spanish andar (“to walk”).
ARUBA (Political Subdivision & Island) Afrikaans, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Italian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian
An island in the Caribbean Sea that is part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
AŞKABAT (Settlement) Turkish
Turkish form of ASHGABAT.
ASTANA (Settlement) Kazakh, Afrikaans, Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Greek, Hindi, Indonesian, Kyrgyz, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Means "capital city" in Kazakh, ultimately from Persian آستانه (âstâne). This was the name of the capital city of Kazakhstan, which was renamed Nur-Sultan in 2019.
AVRUPA (Region) Turkish
Turkish form of Europa (see EUROPE).
AVUSTURYA (Country) Turkish
Turkish form of AUSTRIA.
AYUTTHAYA (Country & Settlement) Thai, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Derived from Sanskrit अयुध्य (ayudhya) meaning "invincible, unconquerable". This was the name of a kingdom (as well as one of its capital cities) that reigned from 1350 to 1767, considered the precursor of modern Thailand.
AZERBAYCAN (Political Subdivision) Crimean Tatar, Gagauz, Kurdish, Turkish
Crimean Tatar, Gagauz, Kurdish, and Turkish form of AZERBAIJAN.
AZORLAR (Political Subdivision & Region) Turkish
Turkish form of AZORES.
BAHAMALAR (Country) Crimean Tatar, Gagauz, Turkish
Crimean Tatar, Gagauz, and Turkish form of BAHAMAS.
BAKÜ (Settlement) Turkish
Turkish form of BAKU.
BALI (Political Subdivision & Island) Indonesian, Balinese, Acehnese, Javanese, Malay, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Chinese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Italian, Kazakh, Latvian, Macedonian, Mongolian, Nepali, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek
Derived from Sanskrit बलि (bali) meaning "offering, tribute". This is the name of an island and province in Indonesia.
BANDUNG (Settlement) Indonesian, Sundanese, Acehnese, Balinese, Banjar, Malay, Minangkabau, Albanian, Armenian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Kazakh, Korean, Kyrgyz, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, Turkish, Urdu, Uzbek
From Indonesian bendung or bendungan meaning "dam, dike", used to refer to the area in relation to the nearby Citarum River. Local sources also relate the name to the phrase Nga-Bandung-an Banda Indung, which is considered sacred in Sundanese culture... [more]
BANGKOK (Settlement) Thai, Afrikaans, Armenian, Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Korean, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Lao, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Uzbek
Believed to be derived from Thai บาง (baang) meaning "community, village, settlement" and กอก (gòk) meaning "olive", possibly used in reference to the olive trees that grew around the area... [more]
BANGLADEŞ (Country) Crimean Tatar, Gagauz, Kurdish, Turkish, Turkmen
Crimean Tatar, Gagauz, Kurdish, Turkish, and Turkmen form of BANGLADESH.
BANGSAMORO (Political Subdivision) Filipino, Maguindanao, Maranao, Cebuano, Ilocano, Tagalog, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Korean, Malay, Portuguese, Serbian, Turkish
From Malay bangsa meaning "nation, country, race" combined with Moro, the collective term for the thirteen predominantly Muslim ethnic groups of the Philippines, which is ultimately of Spanish origin... [more]
BANTEN (Political Subdivision) Indonesian, Sundanese, Acehnese, Balinese, Javanese, Malay, Minangkabau, Afrikaans, Albanian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Russian, Serbian, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian
Meaning uncertain. It may be derived from the Sundanese and Bantenese phrase katiban inten meaning "struck down by diamonds", which was used to describe the spead of Islam in the region in the 15th century... [more]
BELÇIKA (Country) Azerbaijani, Crimean Tatar, Turkish
Azerbaijani, Crimean Tatar, and Turkish form of BELGIUM.
BHUTAN (Country) English, Bengali, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Nepali, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Urdu
Probably from བོད (bod), the Tibetan name for the region of Tibet, derived from Sanskrit भोट-अन्त (bhoṭa-anta) meaning "end of Tibet" (referring to the country's geographical location in southern extremity of the Tibetan plateau)... [more]
BIŞKEK (Settlement) Azerbaijani, Crimean Tatar, Turkish, Turkmen
Azerbaijani, Crimean Tatar, Turkish, and Turkmen form of BISHKEK.
BOGOR (Settlement) Indonesian, Sundanese, Javanese, Malay, Minangkabau, Afrikaans, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Uzbek
Means "sugar palm" (a type of tree) in Indonesian. This is the name of a city in West Java province, Indonesia.
BONAIRE (Political Subdivision & Island) Afrikaans, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Latvian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
An island in the Caribbean Sea that is a special municipality of the Netherlands.
BREZILYA (Country) Turkish
Turkish form of BRAZIL.
BRÜKSEL (Settlement) Crimean Tatar, Turkish
Crimean Tatar and Turkish form of Brussels.
BRUNEI (Country) Malay, Albanian, Basque, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Luxembourgish, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Ukrainian
Probably derived from the name of the island of Borneo, which in turn is most likely from Sanskrit वरुण (váruṇa) meaning "ocean, water". A local legend suggests that the name may be derived from the phrase baru nah meaning "there!" or "that's it!", which was supposedly declared by Muhammad Shah, Brunei's first sultan... [more]
BUHARA (Region & Settlement) Crimean Tatar, Turkish, Turkmen
Crimean Tatar, Turkish, and Turkmen form of Bukhara.
BUKITTINGGI (Settlement) Indonesian, Minangkabau, Javanese, Malay, Afrikaans, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Polish, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Means "tall hill" from Indonesian bukit meaning "hill" and tinggi meaning "high, tall". This is the name of a city in West Sumatra province, Indonesia.
BULGARISTAN (Country) Turkish
Turkish form of BOLGHARESTAN, referring to Bulgaria.
BURUNDI (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Breton, Bulgarian, Burmese, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Faroese, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian
The name of the Country in East Africa. Burundi, officially the Republic of Burundi, is a landlocked country in the African Great Lakes region of East Africa, bordered by Rwanda to the north, Tanzania to the east and south, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west.
BURYATYA (Political Subdivision) Arabic, Turkish
Arabic and Turkish form of BURYATIA.
BUSAN (Settlement) Korean, Afrikaans, Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Serbian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
From Sino-Korean 釜山 (Busan) meaning "cauldron mountain" from 釜 (bu) meaning "cauldron, pot, kettle" and 山 (san) meaning "mountain". This is the name of a city in South Korea.
ÇAD (Country & Body of Water) Azerbaijani, Crimean Tatar, Gagauz, Kurdish, Turkish, Turkmen
Form of CHAD.
CAKARTA (Settlement) Azerbaijani, Kurdish, Turkish
Azerbaijani, Kurdish, and Turkish form of JAKARTA.
CAVA (Political Subdivision & Island) Kurdish, Turkish
Kurdish and Turkish form of JAVA.
CEBU (Political Subdivision, Settlement & Island) Filipino, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Afrikaans, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Swedish, Turkish
From Cebuano Sugbo, which is derived from Old Cebuano sibu or sibo meaning "trade", itself a shortened form of sinibuayng hingpit meaning "place for trading". This is the name of an island, province, and city (Cebu City) in the Philippines.
ÇEÇENISTAN (Political Subdivision) Azerbaijani, Crimean Tatar, Kurdish, Turkish
Azerbaijani, Crimean Tatar, Kurdish, and Turkish form of CHECHENISTAN.
ÇEÇENYA (Political Subdivision) Turkish
Turkish form of CHECHNYA.
CELILE (Region) Turkish
Turkish form of GALILEE.
ÇERKESYA (Region) Turkish
Turkish form of CIRCASSIA.
CEZAYIR (Country & Settlement) Kurdish, Turkish
Kurdish and Turkish form of ALGERIA and ALGIERS.
CIBUTI (Country) Azerbaijani, Crimean Tatar, Gagauz, Turkish
Azerbaijani, Crimean Tatar, Gagauz, and Turkish form of DJIBOUTI.
COTABATO (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Filipino, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
From Maguindanao Kutawatu meaning "stone city", from kuta meaning "city, fort" and wato meaning "stone, rock". This is the name of both a province and a city in the southern Philippines.
CURAÇAO (Political Subdivision & Island) Afrikaans, Basque, Bosnian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Swedish, Turkish
An island in the Caribbean Sea that is part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
DAĞISTAN (Political Subdivision) Azerbaijani, Crimean Tatar, Turkish
Azerbaijani, Crimean Tatar, and Turkish form of DAGESTAN.
DANIMARKA (Country) Azerbaijani, Crimean Tatar, Turkish
Azerbaijani, Crimean Tatar, and Turkish form of DENMARK.
DENPASAR (Settlement) Indonesian, Acehnese, Javanese, Minangkabau, Afrikaans, Albanian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Czech, Dutch, Danish, English, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian
From Balinese ᬤᬾᬦ᭄ᬧᬲᬃ (dénpasar) derived from den meaning "north" and pasar meaning "market". This is the name of a city in Indonesia and the capital of Bali.
DUŞANBE (Settlement) Gagauz, Turkish, Turkmen
Gagauz, Turkish, and Turkmen form of DUSHANBE.
ENDONEZYA (Country) Turkish
Turkish form of INDONESIA.
EPHESUS (Settlement) Ancient Greek, Turkish, Hittite
"Overseer", tho it may just be folk-etymology
ERIVAN (Settlement) Turkish
Turkish form of YEREVAN.
ESTONYA (Country) Kurdish, Tagalog, Turkish
Kurdish, Tagalog, and Turkish form of ESTONIA.
FILIBE (Settlement) Turkish
Turkish form of PLOVDIV.
FILIPINLER (Country) Turkish
Turkish form of PHILIPPINES.
FLORIDA (Political Subdivision) Spanish, English, Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kurdish, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Turkish, Uzbek
Means "flowery, ornate" in Spanish, a short form of either la Florida meaning "the flowery one" or Pascua Florida meaning "flowery Easter" (a Spanish name for Palm Sunday, so named because the region was discovered by Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de León on that day in 1513)... [more]
FRANSA (Country) Azerbaijani, Kurdish, Turkish
Azerbaijani, Kurdish, and Turkish form of FRANCE.
GABON (Country) Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Turkish
Derived from Portuguese gabão meaning "cloak, overcoat", used to refer to the shape of the estuary of the Komo River by Libreville. This is the name of a country in Central Africa along the Atlantic coast.
GANJ (River) Turkish
Turkish form of GANGES.
GERMANIÝA (Country) Turkish
Turkmen form of Germania (see GERMANY).
GRAN CANARIA (Island) Spanish, English, Esperanto, Dutch, Welsh, Breton, Asturian, Aragonese, German, Estonian, Faroese, Galician, Croatian, Italian, Hungarian, Norwegian, Serbo-Croatian, Finnish, Swedish, Turkish, Icelandic, Czech, Polish, Romanian, Scots, Slovene
From Spanish gran "grande, great" and Canaria referring to the CANARY ISLANDS. Gran Canaria is the third largest and second most populous island of the Canary Islands.
GRENADA (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, Georgian, German, Greek, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Uzbek
Probably from Granada, the name of a city in Andalusia, Spain, which is derived from Arabic غَرْنَاطَة‎ (ḡarnāṭa) possibly meaning "hill of strangers". This is the name of an island country in the Caribbean.
GRÖNLAND (Political Subdivision) German, Hungarian, Swedish, Turkish
Form of GREENLAND.
GUAM (Political Subdivision & Island) Afrikaans, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
The name of the Territory. Guam is a U.S. island territory in Micronesia, in the Western Pacific. It's distinguished by tropical beaches, Chamorro villages and ancient latte-stone pillars. Guam’s WWII significance is on view at the War in the Pacific National Historical Park, whose sites include Asan Beach, a former battlefield... [more]
GÜRCISTAN (Country) Crimean Tatar, Turkish
Crimean Tatar and Turkish form of GORJESTAN.
HANOI (Settlement) Afrikaans, Armenian, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, Georgian, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Kurdish, Lao, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Turkish
From Vietnamese Hà Nội, which is from Sino-Vietnamese 河內 (Hà Nội). The name is derived from Chinese 河內 (Hénèi) meaning "inside the river", from 河 (hé) meaning "river" and 內 (nèi) meaning "inside, interior", so named because of the area's location within the Red River... [more]
HAVANA (Settlement) Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Czech, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Georgian, Hindi, Icelandic, Indonesian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu
From Spanish Habana, which is derived from Habaguanex, the name of a Taíno chief who controlled the area. This is the name of the capital city of Cuba.
İNGUŞETYA (Political Subdivision) Turkish
Turkish form of INGUSHETIA.
IPOH (Settlement) Malay, Indonesian, Banjar, Bulgarian, Czech, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Italian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
From Malay ipuh meaning "upas (a type of poisonous tree)". This is the name of a city in Malaysia that serves as the capital of the state of Perak.
İRAN (Country) Azerbaijani, Crimean Tatar, Gagauz, Karakalpak, Turkish
Azerbaijani, Crimean Tatar, Gagauz, Karakalpak, and Turkish form of IRAN.
İSKOÇYA (Country) Turkish
Turkish form of SCOTLAND via its Latin form Scotia.
İSRAIL (Country) Azerbaijani, Crimean Tatar, Gagauz, Turkish
Azerbaijani, Crimean Tatar, Gagauz, and Turkish form of ISRAEL.
İSVEÇ (Country) Azerbaijani, Crimean Tatar, Turkish
Azerbaijani, Crimean Tatar, and Turkish form of SWEDEN.
İSVIÇRE (Country) Turkish
Turkish form of SCHWYZ, used as the Turkish name for Switzerland.
JAPONYA (Country) Turkish
Turkish form of JAPAN.
JOHOR BAHRU (Settlement) Malay, Indonesian, Banjar, Javanese, Minangkabau, Czech, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish, Tagalog, Turkish
Means "new gem" from Arabic جَوْهَر‎ (jawhar) meaning "jewel, precious stone, gem" and Malay bahru meaning "new". This is the name of a city in Malaysia.
KAHIRE (Settlement) Armenian (Eastern), Turkish
Eastern Armenian and Turkish form of CAIRO.
KALIMANTAN (Political Subdivision, Island & Region) Indonesian, Acehnese, Balinese, Banjar, Buginese, Javanese, Malay, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Czech, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hindi, Icelandic, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Turkish, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Means "burning weather (island)" from Sanskrit काल (kālá) meaning "time, season" and क्वथन (kvathana) meaning "boiling, churning". This is the name of the Indonesian portion of the island of Borneo, though it is used to refer to the entire island in Indonesian... [more]
KAMBOÇYA (Country) Turkish
Turkish form of CAMBODIA.
KARADAĞ (Country) Turkish
Means "black mountain" from Turkish kara meaning "black" and dağ meaning "mountain". This is the Turkish name for Montenegro, from a calque of the country's Montenegrin and Serbo-Croatian name, Crna Gora.
KARAĞANDI (Settlement) Turkish
Turkish form of KARAGANDA.
KARAYIPLER (Region) Turkish
Turkish form of CARIBBEAN.
KARPATLAR (Mountain) Turkish
Turkish form of CARPATHIANS.
KASHIWA (Settlement) Japanese, Arabic, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Malay, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Urdu
From Japanese 柏 (kashiwa) meaning "oak". This is the name of a city in Chiba Prefecture, Japan.
KATALONYA (Political Subdivision & Region) Turkish
Turkish form of CATALONIA.
KAZAN (Settlement) Tatar, Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Buryat, Chechen, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, Hindi, Indonesian, Ingush, Japanese, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Lezgin, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Romanian, Russian, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Yakut
Probably from Turkic qazan meaning "kettle, cauldron". This is the name of the capital city of Tatarstan.
KAZBEK (Mountain) Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bashkir, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tajik, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From Russian Казбек (Kazbek) which is from Arabic قَاضِي (qāḍī) meaning "judge, arbiter" combined with the Turkish military title beg meaning "chieftain, master"... [more]
KEDAH (Political Subdivision) Malay, Indonesian, Acehnese, Banjar, Azerbaijani, Bengali, Bulgarian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Italian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
From Arabic قتح‎ (qataḥa), which is derived from the Tamil name கடாரம் (kadāram) possibly meaning "boiler, stockpot, cauldron". This is the name of a Malaysian state.
KELANTAN (Political Subdivision) Malay, Indonesian, Banjar, Javanese, Bulgarian, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian
Meaning uncertain, possibly from Malay gelam hutam referring to the cajeput tree, kilatan meaning "lightning, flash", or kolam tanah meaning "dirt pool". Alternatively, it may be from கோலம் (kōlam) the Tamil name for rangoli, an art form from the Indian subcontinent... [more]
KENAN (Region) Turkish
Turkish form of Canaan.
KIRIM (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) Turkish
Turkish form of CRIMEA.
KOMI (Political Subdivision) Komi, Russian, Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kazakh, Korean, Kyrgyz, Latvian, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From the name of the Komi people, which is most likely derived from the Finno-Ugric word kojema meaning "man, human", but also possibly from the name of the Kama River... [more]
KOMORLAR (Country) Crimean Tatar, Gagauz, Kazakh, Tatar, Turkish
Crimean Tatar, Gagauz, Kazakh, Tatar, and Turkish form of COMOROS.
KORE (Country) Persian, Turkish
Persian and Turkish form of KOREA.
KORINTH (Settlement) Danish, German, Swedish, Turkish
Danish, German, Swedish and Turkish form of Corinthus (see CORINTH).
KOTA BHARU (Settlement) Malay, Indonesian, Banjar, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Means "new city" in Malay, from kota meaning "city, town, fort" and baharu meaning "new". This is the name of a city in Malaysia that serves as the capital of Kelantan.
KRABI (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Thai, Arabic, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Tajik, Turkish, Urdu
Means "sword" in Thai. This is the name of a province and city in southern Thailand.
KUALA LUMPUR (Settlement) Malay, Indonesian, Acehnese, Banjar, Javanese, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Afrikaans, Armenian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Macedonian, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Turkmen, Uzbek
Means "muddy confluence" from Malay kuala meaning "confluence" and lumpur "mud". This is the name of the capital and largest city of Malaysia.
KUALA TERENGGANU (Settlement) Malay, Indonesian, Banjar, Bulgarian, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
From Malay kuala meaning "confluence" combined with TERENGGANU. This is the name of a city in Malaysia that serves as the capital of the state of Terengganu.
LAGOS (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Western African, Hausa, Igbo, Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Turkmen, Uzbek
From Portuguese lagos meaning "lakes". This is the name of a city in Nigeria as well as a state of the same name.
LAMPUNG (Political Subdivision) Indonesian, Acehnese, Balinese, Javanese, Malay, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Albanian, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Urdu
From Tolang Pohwang, the name of a 7th-century kingdom, which is derived from Lampungese to meaning "people" and Lang Pohwang meaning "Lampung" (of uncertain etymology). This is the name of an Indonesian province in southern Sumatra.
LANAO (Political Subdivision & Body of Water) Filipino, Cebuano, Tagalog, Ilocano, Pampangan, Chinese, Czech, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Russian, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian
From Maranao ranaw meaning "lake, body of water". This is the name of a lake and two provinces in the southern Philippines.
LAOS (Country) Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dhivehi, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hindi, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Nepali, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Coined by the French when they united the three historical Lao kingdoms into French Indochina, a former group of colonial territories in Southeast Asia. The name comes from Lao ລາວ (lāo), the ethnic name of Lao people, who were the dominant group in the region... [more]
LEFKOŞA (Settlement) Turkish, Crimean Tatar
Turkish and Crimean Tatar form of NICOSIA via its Greek name Λευκωσία (Lefkosía).
LHASA (Settlement) Tibetan, Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bhutanese, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, Georgian, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Latvian, Malay, Nepali, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Romanian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Urdu
From Tibetan ལྷ་ས (lha sa) meaning "land of gods", derived from ལྷ (lha) meaning "deity, god" and ས (sa) meaning "land, earth". Alternatively, it may have been an alteration of Old Tibetan ར་ས (ra sa) meaning "land of goats" or "fortified land" from ར (ra) meaning "goat" or "enclosure" and ས (sa) meaning "land, earth"... [more]
LIBERYA (Country) Turkish
Turkish form of LIBERIA.
LIBYA (Country) Northern African, Berber, Burmese, English, Faroese, Finnish, Hausa, Indonesian, Malay, Norwegian, Swahili, Tagalog, Turkish
From Arabic ليبيا‎ (Lībiyā) from Ancient Greek Λιβύη (Libúē), which is derived from Libu, the name of an ancient Berber tribe (attested as rbw in Egyptian)... [more]
LIZBON (Settlement) Turkish
Turkish form of LISBON.
LÜBNAN (Country) Crimean Tatar, Turkish
Crimean Tatar and Turkish form of LEBANON.
LUZON (Island) Filipino, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Afrikaans, Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Turkish
Of uncertain meaning, probably from Tagalog lusong meaning "mortar (for pounding rice)". This is the name of the largest island in the Philippines.
MACARISTAN (Country) Crimean Tatar, Turkish
Crimean Tatar and Turkish form of MAJARESTAN, referring to Hungary.
MADRID (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Spanish, Afrikaans, Arabic, Armenian, Asturian, Azerbaijani, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Galician, German, Hebrew, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Turkmen, Uzbek
From the older name Magerit, which is of uncertain meaning and origin. It may be derived from Arabic اَلْمَجْرِيط‎ (al-majrīṭ) meaning "source of water", from Latin matrix meaning "mother, source, origin (of rivers)", or from Celtic mageto ritu meaning "great bridge"... [more]
MAĞRIP (Country & Region) Crimean Tatar, Turkish
Crimean Tatar and Turkish form of MAGHRIB. It is used to refer to the country of Morocco in Crimean Tatar while it refers to the region in Turkish.
MAGUINDANAO (Political Subdivision) Filipino, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Swedish, Turkish
From Spanish Maguindanao, which is a corruption of Magindanaw, the endonym of the Maguindanao people. The ethnic name means "people of the flood plains" or "people of the lake" from the word danao meaning "lake"... [more]
MAJAPAHIT (Country & Settlement) Indonesian, Balinese, Sundanese, Malay, Afrikaans, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Sanskrit, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
Means "bitter maja", from Javanese maja referring to the bael tree (genus Aegle) and Malay pahit meaning "bitter, acrid". This was the name of a kingdom (as well as its capital city) based on the island of Java that existed from 1293 to 1527.
MAKASSAR (Settlement) Indonesian, Acehnese, Buginese, Javanese, Malay, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Romanian, Swedish, Thai, Turkish
From Makassarese akkasaraki nabbiya meaning "appearance of the prophet", taken from a legend in which a 16th-century king was supposedly approached by the Prophet Muhammad himself. This is the name of a city in Indonesia that serves as the capital of the South Sulawesi province.
MALDIVLER (Country) Crimean Tatar, Gagauz, Turkish
Crimean Tatar, Gagauz, and Turkish form of MALDIVES.
MALEZYA (Country) Kurdish, Turkish
Kurdish and Turkish form of MALAYSIA.
MALI (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Burmese, Catalan, Chinese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Lao, Latvian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Tatar, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From the name of the Mali Empire, which was derived from Mandinka or Bambara mali meaning "hippopotamus" or "the place where the king lives". This is the name of a landlocked country in West Africa.
MALTA (Country & Island) Afrikaans, Albanian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, Georgian, German, Greek, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kurdish, Latvian, Lithuanian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Origin uncertain, possibly derived from Greek μέλι (meli) meaning "honey". This is the name of an island nation in southern Europe.
MANILA (Settlement) Filipino, Cebuano, Hiligaynon, Ilocano, Maranao, Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Burmese, Chinese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, English, Estonian, Finnish, Georgian, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Tajik, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek
From Tagalog Maynila, derived from may-nilà meaning "where indigo is found", ultimately from Sanskrit नील (nī́la) referring to the indigo plant. This is the name of the capital city of the Philippines.
MARAWI (Settlement) Filipino, Maranao, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Albanian, Arabic, Dutch, English, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Urdu
From Maraghui or Marahui, the name of a historical Maranao fort and settlement that was seiged in 1895, which is of uncertain meaning. This is the name of a city in the southern Philippines that serves as the capital of the Lanao del Sur province.
MAYKOP (Settlement) Russian, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bulgarian, English, Indonesian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Malay, Mongolian, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From Adyghe Мыекъуапэ (Məeq°āpă) meaning "cape of apples", from мые (məe) meaning "apple" and къуапэ (q°āpă) meaning "cape, gorge, height". This is the name of the capital of Adygea.
MEDAN (Settlement) Indonesian, Batak, Malay, Minangkabau, Afrikaans, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Kyrgyz, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Possibly from Tamil மைதானம் (maidhāṉam) meaning "ground, field", of Malay origin. This is the name of a city in Indonesia and the capital of North Sumatra province.
MEDINE (Settlement) Kazakh, Turkish, Uyghur
Kazakh, Turkish, and Uyghur form of MEDINA.
MEKKE (Settlement) Kazakh, Turkish, Uyghur
Kazakh, Turkish, and Uyghur form of MECCA.
MINDANAO (Island) Filipino, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kazakh, Korean, Kyrgyz, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From a Spanish corruption of Magindanaw, the endonym of the Maguindanao people. The ethnic name means "people of the flood plains" or "people of the lake" from Maguindanao danao meaning "lake"... [more]
MOĞOLISTAN (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) Crimean Tatar, Turkish
Crimean Tatar and Turkish form of MOGHOLESTAN, referring to Mongolia.
MOLDOVA (Country) Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Danish, English, Estonian, Finnish, Georgian, Hungarian, Indonesian, Latvian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Romanian, Turkish, Ukrainian
From the name of the Moldova River in eastern Romania, which is of uncertain origin and meaning. It may be from Slavic mold- meaning "spruce, fir" or *moldu meaning "tender, soft, young", from Old German molde meaning "open-pit mine", or Gothic Mulda meaning "dust, dirt"... [more]
MONROVIA (Settlement) Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Bosnian, Czech, Danish, English, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, Greek, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
The capital city of Liberia, named after American president James MONROE (1758-1831).
NAMIBYA (Country) Turkish
Turkish form of NAMIBIA.
NARATHIWAT (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Thai, Dutch, English, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
From Thai นร (ná-rá) meaning "man" and อธิวาส (à-tí-wâat) meaning "residence, house". This is the name of a province and city in southern Thailand.
NASIRA (Settlement) Turkish
Turkish form of NAZARETH.
NAYPYIDAW (Settlement) Afrikaans, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
From Burmese နေပြည်တော် (ne-pranytau) meaning "abode of the king", from နေပြည် (ne-prany) meaning "abode" and တော် (tau) meaning "royal, sacred"... [more]
NAZRAN (Settlement) Russian, Arabic, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Greek, Norwegian, Ossetian, Portuguese, Persian, Romanian, Swedish, Tagalog, Tatar, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek
From Ingush Наьсаре (Nasare) possibly from Нясара (Nyasara), supposedly the name of the first person to settle in the region. This is the name of a town in Ingushetia that served as the republic's capital until 2000.
NEGERI SEMBILAN (Political Subdivision) Malay, Bulgarian, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Means "nine states" from Malay negeri meaning "state, country" and sembilan meaning "nine". The name refers to the nine original villages founded by Minangkabau settlers from Sumatra. This is the name of a state in Malaysia.
NUR-SULTAN (Settlement) Kazakh, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hindi, Italian, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Mongolian, Norwegian, Romanian, Russian, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian
From the given name NURSULTAN. This is the name of the capital city of Kazakhstan, renamed in honour of former president Nursultan Nazarbayev (1940-)... [more]
ÖZBEKISTAN (Country) Crimean Tatar, Gagauz, Turkish
Crimean Tatar, Gagauz, and Turkish form of UZBEKISTAN.
PADANG (Settlement) Indonesian, Minangkabau, Acehnese, Balinese, Javanese, Malay, Sundanese, Afrikaans, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Korean, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Urdu, Uzbek
Means "field, plain" in Indonesian. This is the name of the capital city of West Sumatra province, Indonesia.
PAHANG (Political Subdivision & River) Malay, Indonesian, Banjar, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Italian, Korean, Macedonian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Urdu
Uncertain, possibly from mahang, the Malay name for a type of tree native to the area (genus Macaranga), or from Khmer ប៉ាហាំង (paahang) meaning "tin". This is the name of a Malaysian state as well as a river that flows through the region.
PANAMA (Country) Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Belarusian, Bengali, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Burmese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Irish, Italian, Japanese, Kazakh, Khmer, Korean, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Lao, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek
From Spanish Panamá of uncertain meaning. It may be derived from the name of a tree commonly found in the area (genus Sterculia), from an indigenous word meaning "many butterflies", from Kuna bannaba meaning "distant, far away", or from a Guaraní word meaning "place of many fish"... [more]
PANGASINAN (Political Subdivision) Filipino, Pangasinan, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu
From the name of the Pangasinan people meaning "place of salt" or "land of salt", derived from Pangasinan pang- meaning "for", asin meaning "salt", and the place marker suffix -an... [more]
PARIAMAN (Settlement) Indonesian, Minangkabau, Javanese, Malay, Dutch, English, French, Italian, Polish, Russian, Swedish, Turkish, Urdu
From Arabic بَرّ أَمَان (barr ʾamān) meaning "safe land, secure land". This is the name of a town in West Sumatra, Indonesia.
PATTANI (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Thai, Malay, Azerbaijani, Dutch, English, Finnish, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Tajik, Turkish
Most likely from Pattani Malay patani meaning "this beach" (compare standard Malay pantai ini). Alternately, it may have come from a Sanskrit word meaning "virgin nymph" or from Malay petani meaning "farmer"... [more]
PENANG (Political Subdivision & Island) Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Spanish, Turkish
From Malay Pulau Pinang meaning "betel palm island", from pinang meaning "betel nut" or "betel palm" (a type of tree). This is the name of an island and state in Malaysia.
PERAK (Political Subdivision) Malay, Indonesian, Acehnese, Banjar, Minangkabau, Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Italian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tamil, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian
Means "silver" in Malay, named in reference to the region's position as one of the world's largest sources of tin. This is the name of a state of Malaysia.
PERLIS (Political Subdivision) Malay, Indonesian, Acehnese, Banjar, Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian
Of unclear origin, possibly from the Thai phrase พร้าวลอย (práao loi) meaning "floating coconut" or "coconut washed ashore", a reference to the many coconuts once found along the shores of the region... [more]
PHNOM PENH (Settlement) Afrikaans, Albanian, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
From Khmer ភ្នំពេញ (phnum pɨñ) meaning "Penh's hill", from ភ្នំ (phnum) meaning "hill, mountain" and ពេញ (pɨñ), the name of a legendary woman who supposedly founded the city in 1372... [more]
PHUKET (Political Subdivision, Settlement & Island) Thai, Albanian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Lao, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Derived from Malay bukit meaning "hill". This is the name of an island, province, and city in southern Thailand.
PIRENELER (Mountain) Turkish
Turkish form of Pyrenees.
POLINEZYA (Region) Turkish
Turkish form of POLYNESIA.
PUNCAK JAYA (Mountain) Indonesian, Balinese, Javanese, Malay, Sundanese, Bosnian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Norwegian, Romanian, Slovak, Swedish, Turkish
Means "summit of victory" from Indonesian puncak meaning "top, summit, peak" and jaya meaning "victory". This is the name of the highest mountain in Indonesia located on the island of New Guinea, sometimes referred to as the Carstensz Pyramid.
PYONGYANG (Settlement) Korean, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, French, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Kurdish, Malay, Norwegian, Portuguese, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Uyghur
From Sino-Korean 平 (pyeong) meaning "flat, level, plane" and 壤 (yang) meaning "soil, land". This is the name of the capital city of North Korea.
QUEZON (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Filipino, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Afrikaans, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Swedish, Turkish
From the surname QUEZON, named in honour of Manuel Quezon (1878-1844), the second president of the Philippines. This is the name of both a province and city in the Philippines.
RABAT (Settlement) Arabic, Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bosnian, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hebrew, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian
From Arabic الرباط (ar-rabāṭ) meaning "the ribat", referring to a type of fortification used during the Muslim conquest of the Maghreb. It is also used as a shortened form of the city's Arabic nickname, رِبَاط الفَتْح (ribāṭu l-fatḥ), which means "fortification of conquest, fortification of victory"... [more]
REN (River) Polish, Slovene, Turkish
Polish, Slovenian and Turkish form of Rhine.
RIGA (Settlement) Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Bengali, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Faroese, French, Georgian, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kazakh, Korean, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Turkmen, Urdu, Uyghur, Uzbek
From Latvian Rīga, origin disputed. It may be derived from Livonian ringa meaning "loop", referring to an ancient harbor formed by the tributary loop of the Daugava river, from Riege, the German name of the Rīdzene (a tributary of the Daugava), or from Latvian rija meaning "threshing barn"... [more]
RODEZYA (Country) Turkish
Turkish form of RHODESIA.
ROMANYA (Country) Kurdish, Turkish
Kurdish and Turkish form of ROMANIA.
ŞANGHAY (Settlement) Kurdish, Turkish
Kurdish and Turkish form of SHANGHAI.
SAPPORO (Settlement) Japanese, Afrikaans, Azerbaijani, Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hindi, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Turkish, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From Ainu サッ・ポロ・ペッ (sat poro pet) meaning "dry, great river", referring to the Toyohira River. This is the name of a city in northern Japan that serves as the capital of the Hokkaido Prefecture.
SARAYBOSNA (Settlement) Turkish
From Turkish saray meaning "place, mansion, house" and Bosna meaning "Bosnia". This is the Turkish name for Sarajevo.
SARDINYA (Region & Island) Turkish
Turkish form of SARDINIA.
SATUN (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Thai, Arabic, Bulgarian, Dutch, English, French, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Lao, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Tajik, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu
Derived from Malay sentul meaning "santol" (a type of tropical fruit). This is the name of a province and city in southern Thailand.
SELANGOR (Political Subdivision) Malay, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Meaning uncertain. It may be derived from Malay langau meaning "horsefly", from the name Salang Ur meaning "Salang village" (from the name of the Salang people and Tamil ஊர் (ūr) meaning "village, town"), or from Malay salang possibly meaning "stabbing" combined with jemur meaning "to burn, to dry (in the sun)"... [more]
SEMARANG (Settlement) Indonesian, Javanese, Acehnese, Balinese, Malay, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Bulgarian, Czech, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
From Indonesian asam meaning "tamarind" and jarang meaning "rare, seldom", a reference to the tamarind trees in the area that rarely grew close together. This is the name of a city in Indonesia that serves as the capital of Central Java province.
SEYŞELLER (Country) Crimean Tatar, Turkish
Crimean Tatar and Turkish form of SEYCHELLES.
SHENZHEN (Settlement) Chinese, Afrikaans, Armenian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
From Chinese 深 (shēn) meaning "deep" and 圳 (zhèn) meaning "furrow, drainage, ditch". This is the name of a city in China.
SICILYA (Political Subdivision & Island) Turkish
Turkish form of SICILY.
SINCAN (Political Subdivision & Region) Turkish
Turkish form of XINJIANG.
SIRBISTAN (Country) Crimean Tatar, Turkish
Crimean Tatar and Turkish form of SERBESTAN, referring to Serbia.
SLOVAKYA (Country) Kurdish, Turkish
Kurdish and Turkish form of SLOVAKIA.
SLOVENYA (Country) Kurdish, Turkish
Kurdish and Turkish form of SLOVENIA.
SONGKHLA (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Thai, Danish, Dutch, English, French, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Lao, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Tajik, Turkish
From the Malay name سيڠڬورا (Singgora) meaning "city of lions", ultimately from Sanskrit सिंहपुर (siṃhá-pura), which refers to a lion-shaped mountain near the city of Songkhla... [more]
SRI LANKA (Country & Island) Afrikaans, Albanian, Basque, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
From Sinhalese ශ්‍රී ලංකාව (ś‍rī laṁkāva) meaning "holy island", derived from Sanskrit श्री (śrī) meaning "holy, sacred" and लङ्का (laṅkā) meaning "island"... [more]
SÜDETLER (Mountain) Turkish
Turkish form of SUDETES.
SULAWESI (Political Subdivision & Island) Indonesian, Balinese, Banjar, Buginese, Javanese, Malay, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Italian, Norwegian, Romanian, Slovak, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, Turkish
Probably means "iron island" in an uncertain South Sulawesi language, from sula (cognate with Indonesian pulau) meaning "island" and mesi (compare Indonesian besi) meaning "iron"... [more]
SULTAN KUDARAT (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Filipino, Maguindanao, Cebuano, Hiligaynon, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Swedish, Turkish
Named for Muhammad Dipatuan Kudarat (1581–1671), the seventh sultan of Maguindanao, whose third name is derived from Arabic قُدْرَة (qudra) meaning "power"... [more]
SULU (Political Subdivision, Region & Body of Water) Filipino, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Arabic, Azerbaijani, Chinese, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek
From Suluk, the Malay name for the Tausug people, in turn derived from Tausug Tau Sūg meaning "people of the current", from tau meaning "man, person" and sūg meaning "(sea) current, flow of water"... [more]
SUMATRA (Political Subdivision & Island) Indonesian, Acehnese, Balinese, Banjar, Javanese, Malay, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Nepali, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, Turkish, Uzbek
From Sanskrit समुद्र (samudrá) meaning "sea, ocean". This is the name of an island in Indonesia as well as three Indonesian provinces.
SURABAYA (Settlement) Indonesian, Javanese, Acehnese, Balinese, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Afrikaans, Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek
From Javanese ꦯꦸꦫꦧꦪ (shurabaya), derived from ꦯꦸꦫ (shura) meaning "white shark" and ꦧꦪ (baya) meaning "crocodile". The name comes from 12th-century Javanese monarch Jayabaya, who foresaw a fight between a white shark and crocodile (which might have been referring to a Mongol invasion of Java in the late 13th century)... [more]
TACIKISTAN (Country) Azerbaijani, Crimean Tatar, Gagauz, Turkish
Azerbaijani, Crimean Tatar, Gagauz, and Turkish form of TAJIKISTAN.
TAIPEI (Settlement) Afrikaans, Albanian, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Greek, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
From Chinese 臺北 (Táiběi) derived from 臺 (tái) referring to Taiwan and 北 (běi) meaning "north". This is the name of the capital city of Taiwan.
TANZANYA (Country) Turkish
Turkish form of TANZANIA.
TAŞKENT (Settlement) Crimean Tatar, Kurdish, Turkish
Crimean Tatar, Kurdish, and Turkish form of TASHKENT.
TAWI-TAWI (Political Subdivision & Island) Filipino, Tausug, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Czech, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
From Sinama Jawi Jawi, which is derived from Malay jejawi meaning "banyan tree". This is the name of an island and province in the southern Philippines.
TAYVAN (Country & Island) Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Russian, Turkish, Ukrainian
Form of TAIWAN.
TERENGGANU (Political Subdivision) Malay, Indonesian, Acehnese, Banjar, Minangkabau, Bulgarian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Possibly from Malay terang ganu meaning "bright rainbow" or taring anu meaning "fang of something", supposedly said by a hunter when he discovered the tooth of an unknown animal. This is the name of a state in eastern Malaysia.
THIMPHU (Settlement) Bhutanese, Tibetan, Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bengali, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Latvian, Malay, Marathi, Polish, Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Uzbek
From Bhutanese ཐིམ་ (thim) meaning "to sink" and ཕུ་ (phu) meaning "high ground, foothill, upland" or "to fly". This is the name of the capital city of Bhutan.
TIFLIS (Settlement) Crimean Tatar, English (Archaic), German, Spanish, Turkish, Turkmen
Crimean Tatar, German, Spanish, Turkish, and Turkmen form of TBILISI as well as a historical English name for the city.
TOGO (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Korean, Latvian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Means "land where lagoons lie" from Ewe to meaning "water" and go meaning "shore". Togo, officially the Togolese Republic, is a country in West Africa bordered by Ghana to the west, Benin to the east and Burkina Faso to the north.
TRANG (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Thai, Bulgarian, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Tajik, Turkish, Urdu
Either from Malay terang meaning "bright, light, clear" or from Sanskrit तरंग (taraṃga) meaning "wave, ripple". This is the name of a province and city in southern Thailand.
TRANSILVANYA (Region) Turkish
Turkish form of TRANSYLVANIA. This is an alternative name for the region; the standard name in Turkey is Erdel.
TRANSKAFKASYA (Region) Turkish
Turkish form of TRANSCAUCASIA.
TUNA (River) Turkish
Turkish form of DANUBE.
TUNUS (Country & Settlement) Turkish
Turkish form of TUNISIA or TUNIS.
TUVA (Political Subdivision) Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, English, Finnish, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Ukrainian
From Tuvan Тыва (Tyva), which is from the name of the Tuvan people. The ethnic name is uncertain meaning, possibly of Mongolian origin. This is the name of a federal subject of Russia.
UDMURTYA (Political Subdivision) Turkish
Turkish form of UDMURTIA.
UFA (Settlement & River) Russian, Albanian, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Buryat, Chechen, Crimean Tatar, Croatian, Czech, Danish, English, Estonian, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kyrgyz, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Ossetian, Polish, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Tatar, Thai, Turkish, Udmurt, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From Bashkir Өфө (Öfö), which is of uncertain origin and meaning. It may be derived from the Iranian root ap meaning "water". This is the name of the capital city of Bashkortostan as well a river that runs through the Ural Mountains... [more]
UKRAYNA (Country) Azerbaijani, Gagauz, Turkish
Azerbaijani, Gagauz, and Turkish form of UKRAINE.
UMMAN (Country) Turkish
Turkish form of OMAN.
ÜRDÜN (Country) Turkish
Turkish form of JORDAN (the country).
URUMÇI (Settlement) Azerbaijani, Kurdish, Turkish
Azerbaijani, Kurdish, and Turkish form of ÜRÜMQI.
VAHRAN (Settlement) Turkish
Turkish form of ORAN.
VATIKAN (Country) Azerbaijani, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Estonian, Indonesian, Macedonian, Malay, Russian, Serbian, Slovene, Turkish
Form of Vatican, which is one of the names commonly used to refer to VATICAN CITY.
VIENTIANE (Settlement) French, Afrikaans, Albanian, Bosnian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Portuguese (Brazilian), Romanian, Slovak, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
French form of Lao ວຽງຈັນ (wīang chan) meaning "city of sandalwood" or "city of the moon" from Lao ວຽງ (wīang) meaning "city, town" and ຈັນ (chan) meaning "sandalwood" or "moon" (see WIANGCHAN)... [more]
YALA (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Thai, Malay, Arabic, Bulgarian, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Tajik, Turkish, Urdu
Derived from Malay jala meaning "net", ultimately from Sanskrit जाल (jāla). This is the name of a province in southern Thailand as well as the region's capital city.
YANGON (Settlement) Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, English, Estonian, Finnish, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Tagalog, Turkish, Uzbek
From Burmese ရန်ကုန် (rankun) meaning "end of strife" from ရန် (ran) meaning "enemy, danger" or "quarrel" combined with ကုန် (kun) meaning "to run out, end"... [more]
YEMEN (Country) Bulgarian, Chinese, Danish, English, Italian, Kazakh, Korean, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Mongolian, Romanian, Russian, Somali, Spanish, Tagalog, Thai, Turkish, Uyghur
From Arabic اليمن (al-Yaman) which is probably from يَمِين (yamīn) meaning "right (hand), south". This is the name of a country in Western Asia.
YENISEY (River) Russian, English, Turkish, Azerbaijani
The name of a river in northern Mongolian and the Siberian federal district of Russia. It may be derived from either Evenki Ионэсси (Ionəssi) meaning "big water" or Old Kyrgyz Эне-Сай (Ene-Sai) meaning "mother river."
YUNANISTAN (Country) Crimean Tatar, Gagauz, Turkish
From YUNAN combined with the Persian suffix ستان (stân) meaning "land of". This is the Crimean Tatar, Gagauz, and Turkish name for Greece.
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