ALTAIАлтай(Political Subdivision & Mountain)English, Mongolian, Russian, Altai, Kazakh Combination of Mongolian алт (alt) meaning "gold" and тай (tay) meaning "with" (wholly meaning "the mountain with gold"). The Altai Republic is a federal subject north of Mongolia in Russia... [more]
PAVLODARПавлодар(Settlement)Kazakh, Russian, English Derived from the name of Pavel Alexandrovich, a former Grand Duke of Russia. The city was originally named Koryakovsky before Pavel's birth. Pavlodar is a northeastern city in Kazakhstan.
QALMAQSTANҚалмақстан, قالماقستان(Political Subdivision)Kazakh From қалмақ (qalmaq), the Kazakh name for the Kalmyk people, combined with the Persian suffix -ستان (-stan) meaning "land of". This is the Kazakh name for Kalmykia.