Romanian Submitted Place Names

Romanian names are used in the countries of Romania and Moldova in eastern Europe.
type
usage
Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
AACHEN (Settlement) English, Danish, Finnish, German, Greek, Hungarian, Norwegian, Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Turkish
From Old High German aha or its Latin counterpart aquae, referring to the sacred springs associated with Granus, a Celtic god, from which the Latin form Aquisgranum derives. This is the name of a city in western Germany.
ABHAZIA (Country) Judeo-Spanish, Romanian
Ladino and Romanian form of ABKHAZIA.
ABUJA (Settlement) Western African, Hausa, Igbo, Yoruba, Afrikaans, Arabic, Armenian, Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Urdu
From Abu-Ja, a nickname of 19th-century monarch Abubakar Jatau (sometimes referred to as "Abu"), who founded what is now the city of Abuja in 1828. By some accounts, he was described as having fair skin, which possibly earned him the nickname Ja meaning "red" in Hausa... [more]
ALMATY (Settlement) Kazakh, Albanian, Belarusian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkmen, Ukrainian
Meaning uncertain, possibly from Kazakh алма (alma) meaning "apple". This is the name of the largest city in Kazakhstan.
ANDORRA (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Catalan, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Greek, Hungarian, Icelandic, Italian, Luxembourgish, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian
The name of the country of Andorra, whose name is possibly derived from a Basque word andurrial (“shrub-covered land”), but it may come from Arabic الدرا (“the forest”) or Spanish andar (“to walk”).
ARABIA (Political Subdivision & Region) Ancient Greek, Ancient Roman, Basque, English, Finnish, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Spanish
Of Semitic origin, but the precise meaning is uncertain, as the root word has many possible meanings in the Semitic languages.... [more]
ARABIA SAUDITĂ (Country) Romanian
Romanian form of SAUDI ARABIA.
ARUBA (Political Subdivision & Island) Afrikaans, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Italian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian
An island in the Caribbean Sea that is part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
ASTANA (Settlement) Kazakh, Afrikaans, Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Greek, Indian, Hindi, Indonesian, Kyrgyz, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Filipino, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Means "capital city" in Kazakh, ultimately from Persian آستانه (astaneh). This was the name of the capital city of Kazakhstan until 2019, when it was renamed Nur-Sultan.
ATENA (Settlement) Croatian, Romanian
Croatian and Romanian form of ATHENS.
AUSTRALASIA (Region) English, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian, Spanish
Means "south of Asia" from Latin australis meaning "southern" combined with ASIA. This is the name of a region in Oceania consisting of Australia, New Zealand, and other neighbouring islands.
AZERBAIDJAN (Country) Catalan, Romanian
Catalan and Romanian form of AZERBAIJAN.
BAHRAIN (Country) Arabic, Catalan, Danish, English, Finnish, German, Indonesian, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian, Swedish, Tagalog
Means "two seas" in Arabic, derived from بحر (bahr) meaning "sea" combined with the pluralising suffix ـين (ayni). In Arabic it is properly written with the definite article as البحرين (al-Bahrain)... [more]
BAKU (Settlement) Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Chinese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, English, Finnish, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Kyrgyz, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Nepali, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uyghur
From Azerbaijani Bakı from Persian باکو (baku), which is of uncertain meaning. One popular etymology suggests that it means "wind-pounded city" from Persian باد (bad) meaning "wind" and کوبیدن (kubidan) meaning "to pound, to beat" (given in reference to the area's storms and high winds)... [more]
BANDA ACEH (Settlement) Indonesian, Banjar, Minangkabau, Malay, Czech, Danish, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Means "port of Aceh" from Indonesian bandar meaning "port, harbour" (of Persian origin) and ACEH. This is the name of the capital city of the Indonesian province of Aceh.
BANDAR SERI BEGAWAN (Settlement) Malay, Indonesian, Afrikaans, Albanian, Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Filipino, Tagalog
From Malay bandar meaning "town", seri meaning "radiance, splendour, glory", and begawan meaning "holy". The name comes from Seri Begawan, a Malay title used by Bruneian Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien III (1914-1986), which is ultimately derived from Sanskrit श्री भगवान् (shri bhagvan) meaning "radiance of the gods"... [more]
BANDUNG (Settlement) Indonesian, Sundanese, Acehnese, Balinese, Banjar, Malay, Minangkabau, Albanian, Armenian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Kazakh, Korean, Kyrgyz, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, Turkish, Urdu, Uzbek
From Indonesian bendung or bendungan meaning "dam, dike", used to refer to the area in relation to the nearby Citarum River. Local sources also relate the name to the phrase Nga-Bandung-an Banda Indung, which is considered sacred in Sundanese culture... [more]
BANGKOK (Settlement) Thai, Afrikaans, Armenian, Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Korean, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Lao, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Uzbek
Believed to be derived from Thai บาง (bang) meaning "community, village, settlement" and กอก (kok) meaning "olive", possibly used in reference to the olive trees that grew around the area... [more]
BANGLADESH (Country) Bengali, Armenian, Basque, Breton, Bulgarian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Hebrew, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Swahili, Swedish, Uzbek
From Bengali বাংলাদেশ (Bangladeś) meaning "land of the Bengalis", from the name of the Bengali people and Sanskrit देश (deśá) meaning "country, kingdom, land, state"... [more]
BARI (Settlement) Italian, English, Armenian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Greek, Hungarian, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Sicilian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
From Latin Barium, itself of uncertain origin, possibly from Messapic *baur or *bur, meaning "house", ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bhreu ("to grow, to be"). This is the name of the capital city of Apulia, in southern Italy.
BASTILIA (Other) Romanian
Romanian form of Bastille .
BETLEEM (Settlement) Romanian
Romanian form of BETHLEHEM.
BHUTAN (Country) English, Bengali, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, German, Indian, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Nepali, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Urdu
Probably from བོད (bod), the Tibetan name for the region of Tibet, derived from Sanskrit भोट-अन्त (bhoṭa-anta) meaning "end of Tibet" (referring to the country's geographical location in southern extremity of the Tibetan plateau)... [more]
BOGOR (Settlement) Indonesian, Sundanese, Javanese, Malay, Minangkabau, Afrikaans, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Uzbek
Means "sugar palm" (a type of tree) in Indonesian. This is the name of a city in West Java province, Indonesia.
BONAIRE (Political Subdivision & Island) Afrikaans, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Latvian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
An island in the Caribbean Sea that is a special municipality of the Netherlands.
BRESCIA (Settlement) Italian, English, Catalan, French, Polish, Romanian, Sicilian, Spanish, Turkish
From Latin Brixia, itself probably from a Gaulish or Celtic root denoting a hill. This is the name of a city in northern Italy.
BRUGES (Settlement) French, English, Italian, Luxembourgish, Portuguese, Romanian
French form of Brugge, which some countries (mostly Romance ones) have adopted as their name for the Belgian city.
BRUNEI (Country) Malay, Albanian, Basque, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Luxembourgish, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Ukrainian
Probably derived from the name of the island of Borneo, which in turn is most likely from Sanskrit वरुण (váruṇa) meaning "ocean, water". A local legend suggests that the name may be derived from the phrase baru nah meaning "there!" or "that's it!", which was supposedly declared by Muhammad Shah, Brunei's first sultan... [more]
BRUXELLES (Settlement) French, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Italian, Romanian
French form of Brussels, which some countries have adopted as their name for the Belgian city.
BUCUREȘTI (Settlement) Romanian
Original Romanian form of BUCHAREST.
BUKITTINGGI (Settlement) Indonesian, Minangkabau, Javanese, Malay, Afrikaans, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Polish, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Means "tall hill" from Indonesian bukit meaning "hill" and tinggi meaning "high, tall". This is the name of a city in West Sumatra province, Indonesia.
BUREATIA (Political Subdivision) Romanian
Romanian form of BURYATIA.
BURUNDI (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Breton, Bulgarian, Burmese, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Faroese, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian
The name of the Country in East Africa. Burundi, officially the Republic of Burundi, is a landlocked country in the African Great Lakes region of East Africa, bordered by Rwanda to the north, Tanzania to the east and south, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west.
BUSAN (Settlement) Korean, Afrikaans, Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Serbian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
From Sino-Korean 釜山 (Busan) meaning "cauldron mountain" from 釜 (bu) meaning "cauldron, pot, kettle" and 山 (san) meaning "mountain". This is the name of a city in South Korea.
CAGLIARI (Settlement) Italian, English, Danish, French, Galician, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish
From Latin Calaris, itself from Phoenician Krly, of uncertain meaning. This is the name of the capital city of Sardinia, an island in the Mediterranean Sea and a region of ITALY.
CALIFORNIA (Political Subdivision) Spanish, English, Asturian, Estonian, Galician, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian, Tagalog
From the name of a fictional utopian island featured in the 16th-century novel Las sergas de Esplandián by Spanish author Garci Rodríguez de Montalvo. The name comes from the island's queen, Calafia (or Califia), whose name is derived from Arabic خَلِيفَة (ḵalīfa) meaning "caliph"... [more]
CAPUL VERDE (Country) Romanian
Romanian form of CAPE VERDE
CARAIBE (Region) Romanian
Romanian form of CARIBBEAN.
CASABLANCA (Settlement) Afrikaans, Bosnian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
Means "white house" in Spanish, from casa meaning "house" and blanca meaning "white". The name originates from a Spanish translation of the Arabic name الدَّار الْبَيْضَاء (ad-Dār al-Bayḍāʾ), which in turn was derived from a calque of the Portuguese name Casa Branca... [more]
CAUCAZ (Region & Mountain) Romanian
Romanian form of CAUCASUS.
CECENIA (Political Subdivision) Italian, Romanian
Italian and Romanian form of CHECHNYA.
CEHIA (Country) Romanian
Romanian form of ČECHY, used as a name for the Czech Republic.
CHENGDU (Settlement) Chinese, Afrikaans, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Filipino, Tagalog
From Chinese 成 (chéng) meaning "completed, finished, succeeded" and 都 (dū) meaning "capital city, large city", supposedly named during the city's founding by the ninth king of the Kaiming dyntasty of the ancient state of Shu... [more]
CHENNAI (Settlement) Indian, Tamil, Bengali, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Malayalam, Marathi, Telugu, Afrikaans, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Kyrgyz, Malay, Mongolian, Nepali, Norwegian, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Filipino, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Turkish
Most likely from the name of 17th-century Telugu monarch Damarla Chennapa Nayaka (or Chennappa Naicker). This is the name of the capital city of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu, which was officially called Madras until 1996.
CHILE (Country) Czech, Danish, English, Finnish, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Luxembourgish, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish
From the name of the country in South America.... [more]
CHONGQING (Settlement) Chinese, Afrikaans, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kurdish, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
From Chinese 重 (chóng) meaning "to double, to duplicate" and 庆 (qìng) meaning "celebration, to celebrate". This is the name of a city in China.
CIPRU (Island & Country) Romanian, Sicilian
Romanian and Sicilian form of CYPRUS
COASTA DE FILDEȘ (Country) Romanian
Romanian form of Ivory Coast
COLOMBO (Settlement) Afrikaans, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Luxembourgish, Malay, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
Probably from old Sinhalese kolamba meaning "ferry" or "port". It is popularly believed to be derived from Sinhalese කොලොන් තොට (kolon toṭa) meaning "port on the river Kelani" or කොල අඹ (kola am̆ba) meaning "leafy mango grove", altered with influence from the name of Italian explorer Christopher Columbus or Latin columba meaning "dove"... [more]
CONSTANȚA (Settlement) Romanian
This is the name of a romanian city which is also the biggest port in Romania. It's greek name is Tomis.
CONSTANTINOPOL (Settlement) Romanian
Romanian form of Constantinople.
CORINT (Settlement) Catalan, Romanian
Catalan and Romanian form of Corinthus (see CORINTH).
CORINTIA (Political Subdivision & Region) Romanian, Spanish
Romanian and Spanish form of Corinthia.
CORSICA (Political Subdivision & Island) Dutch, English, Italian, Romanian
Mediterranean island where Napoleon Bonaparte was born.
COSTA RICA (Country) Spanish, Afrikaans, Basque, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Swedish
The name of the Country in Central America. Costa Rica is a rugged, rainforested Central American country with coastlines on the Caribbean and Pacific. Though its capital, San Jose, is home to cultural institutions like the Pre-Columbian Gold Museum, Costa Rica is known for its beaches, volcanoes, and biodiversity... [more]
CROAȚIA (Country) Romanian
Romanian form of CROATIA
CURAÇAO (Political Subdivision & Island) Afrikaans, Basque, Bosnian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Swedish, Turkish
An island in the Caribbean Sea that is part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
DACCA (Settlement) Finnish, French, Italian, Romanian
Form of DHAKA.
DAGHESTAN (Political Subdivision) French, Italian, Persian, Romanian
French, Italian, Persian, and Romanian form of DAGESTAN.
DANEMARCA (Country) Neapolitan, Romanian
Neapolitan and Romanian form of DENMARK
DOMINICA (Country & Island) Afrikaans, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish
Derived from Latin dominica meaning "lordly" or "Sunday", named by explorer Christopher Columbus for his sighting of the island on a Sunday. This is the name of an island country in the Caribbean.
ELVEȚIA (Country) Romanian
Romanian form of SWITZERLAND via ELVETIA
EMILIA-ROMAGNA (Political Subdivision) Italian, English, German, Romanian
Combination of the names of the two traditional regions, EMILIA and ROMAGNA, within the modern political region in northern Italy.
EREVAN (Settlement) Armenian, Belarusian, Bulgarian, French, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Mongolian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovene, Tajik, Ukrainian
Alternate transcription of YEREVAN as well as the form used in various languages.
EURASIA (Region) English, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian, Spanish
Combination of EUROPE and ASIA. This is the name of a landmass comprising all of Europe and Asia.
FILIPINE (Country) Romanian
Romanian form of PHILIPPINES.
FINLANDA (Country) Albanian, Romanian
Albanian and Romanian form of FINLAND.
FLORIDA (Political Subdivision) Spanish, English, Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kurdish, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Turkish, Uzbek
Means "flowery, ornate" in Spanish, a short form of either la Florida meaning "the flowery one" or Pascua Florida meaning "flowery Easter" (a Spanish name for Palm Sunday, so named because the region was discovered by Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de León on that day in 1513)... [more]
GABON (Country) Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Turkish
Derived from Portuguese gabão meaning "cloak, overcoat", used to refer to the shape of the estuary of the Komo River by Libreville. This is the name of a country in Central Africa along the Atlantic coast.
GALILEEA (Region) Romanian
Romanian form of GALILEE.
GRAN CANARIA (Island) Spanish, English, Esperanto, Dutch, Welsh, Breton, Asturian, Aragonese, German, Estonian, Faroese, Galician, Croatian, Italian, Hungarian, Norwegian, Serbo-Croatian, Finnish, Swedish, Turkish, Icelandic, Czech, Polish, Romanian, Scots, Slovene
From Spanish gran "grande, great" and Canaria referring to the CANARY ISLANDS. Gran Canaria is the third largest and second most populous island of the Canary Islands.
GRENADA (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, Georgian, German, Greek, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Uzbek
Probably from Granada, the name of a city in Andalusia, Spain, which is derived from Arabic غَرْنَاطَة‎ (ḡarnāṭa) possibly meaning "hill of strangers". This is the name of an island country in the Caribbean.
GUAM (Political Subdivision & Island) Afrikaans, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
The name of the Territory. Guam is a U.S. island territory in Micronesia, in the Western Pacific. It's distinguished by tropical beaches, Chamorro villages and ancient latte-stone pillars. Guam’s WWII significance is on view at the War in the Pacific National Historical Park, whose sites include Asan Beach, a former battlefield... [more]
HANOI (Settlement) Afrikaans, Armenian, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, Georgian, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Kurdish, Lao, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Swedish, Filipino, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Turkish
From Sino-Vietnamese 河內 (Hà Nội), which is derived from Chinese 河內 (Hénèi) meaning "inside the river", from 河 () meaning "river, stream" and 内 (nèi) meaning "inside", so named because of the area's location within the Red River... [more]
HAVANA (Settlement) Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Czech, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Georgian, Hindi, Icelandic, Indonesian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu
From Spanish Habana, which is derived from Habaguanex, the name of a Taíno chief who controlled the area. This is the name of the capital city of Cuba.
INDOSTAN (Country & Region) Bulgarian, Romanian, Russian, Ukrainian
Form of HINDUSTAN.
ISLAMABAD (Settlement) Afrikaans, Armenian, Belarusian, Bengali, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Ukrainian, Uyghur
From Urdu اسلام آباد (Islām ābād) meaning "city of Islam" from the name of the religion of Islam and Urdu آباد (ābād) meaning "inhabited place, city". This is the name of the capital city of Pakistan.
ISLANDA (Country & Island) Albanian, Italian, Romanian
Albanian, Italian and Romanian form of ICELAND.
ISTANBUL (Settlement) Arabic, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, English, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Urdu, Uyghur, Uzbek
From Turkish İstanbul, which comes from a misinterpretation of the Medieval Greek phrase εἰς τὴν Πόλιν (eis tḗn pólin) meaning "to the City", a colloquial name for the city of Constantinople (reflecting its status as the only major city in the vicinity)... [more]
JAKARTA (Settlement) Indonesian, Acehnese, Balinese, Javanese, Madurese, Malay, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Arabic, Armenian, Bengali, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Mongolian, Persian, Romanian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkmen, Urdu, Uzbek
From Sanskrit जयकर्त (jayakarta) meaning "that which causes victory", from जय (jaya) meaning "victory, conquest" and कृत (krta) meaning "done, made, accomplished"... [more]
JAMAICA (Country & Island) Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Hungarian, Malay, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish
From Taíno Xaymaca meaning "land of wood and water" or "land of springs". This is the name of an island country in the Caribbean.
JAVA (Political Subdivision & Island) Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Icelandic, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Mongolian, Nepali, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Serbian, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik
From Indonesian Jawa, which is of uncertain origin. It is most likely derived from Sanskrit यव-द्वीप (yava-dvīpa) meaning "island of barley", though it may have come from Javanese ꦗꦸꦮꦮꦸꦠ꧀ (juwawut) meaning "foxtail millet (a type of plant)" or Malay jauh meaning "far, distant"... [more]
JOHOR (Political Subdivision) Malay, Indonesian, Acehnese, Banjar, Javanese, Minangkabau, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
From Arabic جَوْهَر (jawhar) meaning "jewel, precious stone", ultimately from Persian جوهر (jowhar). This is the name of a state in southern Malaysia.
KABUL (Settlement) Arabic, Armenian, Belarusian, Bengali, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Korean, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Ukrainian
From Pashto کابل (Kabal) which may have been derived from Kambuja or Kamboja, the name of an ancient Indo-Iranian tribe and kingdom. The name is of uncertain meaning, possibly from Sanskrit काम (kama) meaning "love, desire" and भुज् (bhuj) meaning "use, possess, rule"... [more]
KARAKALPAKSTAN (Political Subdivision) Belarusian, Bulgarian, English, Indonesian, Italian, Kyrgyz, Norwegian, Romanian, Russian, Swedish, Tatar, Ukrainian
From Karakalpak Қарақалпақстан (Qaraqalpaqstan), a combination of the name of the Karakalpak people and the Persian suffix -ستان (-stan) meaning "land of". The ethnic name is derived from Karakalpak қара (qara) meaning "black" and қалпақ (qalpaq) referring to a high-crowned cap worn in Central Asia... [more]
KASHIWA (Settlement) Japanese, Arabic, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Malay, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Urdu
From Japanese 柏 (kashiwa) meaning "oak". This is the name of a city in Chiba Prefecture, Japan.
KATHMANDU (Settlement) Nepali, Bengali, Dutch, English, German, Gujarati, Hindi, Indonesian, Kannada, Malay, Malayalam, Marathi, Punjabi, Romanian, Telugu, Urdu
From Sanskrit काष्ठमण्डप (kāṣṭhamaṇḍapa), the name of a Hindu temple and shrine in Nepal. The name means "wooden pavilion" from Sanskrit काष्ठ (kāṣṭha) meaning "wood, timbre" combined with मण्डप (maṇḍapa) meaning "pavilion, hall, square, public shelter"... [more]
KAZAN (Settlement) Tatar, Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Buryat, Chechen, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, Hindi, Indonesian, Ingush, Japanese, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Lezgin, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Romanian, Russian, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Yakut
Probably from Turkic qazan meaning "kettle, cauldron". This is the name of the capital city of Tatarstan.
KAZBEK (Mountain) Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bashkir, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tajik, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From Russian Казбек (Kazbek) which is from Arabic قَاضِي (qāḍī) meaning "judge, arbiter" combined with the Turkish military title beg meaning "chieftain, master"... [more]
KOMI (Political Subdivision) Komi, Russian, Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kazakh, Korean, Kyrgyz, Latvian, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From the name of the Komi people, which is most likely derived from the Finno-Ugric word kojema meaning "man, human", but also possibly from the name of the Kama River... [more]
KOMODO (Settlement & Island) Indonesian, Banjar, Javanese, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Malay, Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Lithuanian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Ukrainian
Meaning uncertain, possibly from the name of a local ethnic group. This is the name of an island and village in eastern Indonesia.
KOSOVO (Country) Afrikaans, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Indonesian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Ukrainian
From Albanian Kosova or Kosovë, which is derived from Serbian кос (kos) meaning "blackbird", an ellipsis of Косово Поље (Kosovo Polje) meaning "blackbird field"... [more]
KRABI (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Thai, Arabic, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Tajik, Turkish, Urdu
Means "sword" in Thai. This is the name of a province and city in southern Thailand.
KUALA LUMPUR (Settlement) Malay, Indonesian, Acehnese, Banjar, Javanese, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Afrikaans, Armenian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Macedonian, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Turkmen, Uzbek
Means "muddy confluence" from Malay kuala meaning "confluence" and lumpur meaning "mud". This is the name of the capital and largest city of Malaysia.
KUCHING (Settlement) Malay, Indonesian, Banjar, Armenian, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Indian, Hindi, Hungarian, Italian, Korean, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Urdu, Uzbek
Probably either derived from Malay kucing meaning "cat" or from Cochin (or Kochi), the name of a city in India. Other theories suggest that the name comes from Malay mata kucing, the name of a type of fruit, or from Chinese 古 (gǔ) meaning "old, ancient" combined with 井 (jǐng) meaning "well, pit"... [more]
LAGOS (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Western African, Hausa, Igbo, Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Turkmen, Uzbek
From Portuguese lagos meaning "lakes". This is the name of a city in Nigeria as well as a state of the same name.
LAMPUNG (Political Subdivision) Indonesian, Acehnese, Balinese, Javanese, Malay, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Albanian, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Urdu
From the name of a 7th-century kingdom, Tolang Pohwang, which was derived from Lampungese to meaning "people" and Lang Pohwang, an old name for Lampung of uncertain origin. This is the name of an Indonesian province in southern Sumatra.
LETONIA (Country) Albanian, Greek, Romanian, Spanish
Albanian, Greek, Romanian and Spanish form of LATVIA via its New Latin name LETTONIA.
LHASA (Settlement) Tibetan, Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bhutanese, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, Georgian, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Latvian, Malay, Nepali, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Romanian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Urdu
From Tibetan ལྷ་ས (lha sa) meaning "land of gods", derived from ལྷ (lha) meaning "deity, god" and ས (sa) meaning "land, earth". Alternatively, it may have been an alteration of Old Tibetan ར་ས (ra sa) meaning "land of goats" or "fortified land" from ར (ra) meaning "goat" or "enclosure" and ས (sa) meaning "land, earth"... [more]
LISABONA (Settlement) Latvian, Lithuanian, Romanian
Latvian, Lithuanian, and Romanian form of LISBON.
LIVONIA (Region) History, Albanian, Aragonese, Asturian, Basque, English, Galician, Indonesian, Italian, Romanian, Spanish
Livonia was a historic region in the Baltic, located approximately in present-day southern ESTONIA and northern LATVIA... [more]
LIVORNO (Settlement) Italian, English, Bulgarian, Czech, Dutch, Esperanto, Finnish, German, Greek, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Ukrainian
From Old Italian Ligorno, itself from Latin Liburnus, derived from the tribe of the Liburnians (in Latin Liburni). This is the name of a port city in north-central Italy.
LONGYEARBYEN (Settlement) Norwegian, English, Afrikaans, Asturian, Basque, Breton, Catalan, Cebuano, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Esperanto, Estonian, Finnish, French, Galician, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Interlingua, Italian, Malay, Manx, Maori, North Frisian, Piedmontese, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Sami, Scots, Scottish Gaelic, Serbian, Silesian, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish, Turkish, Vietnamese, West Frisian
Means "The Longyear town" in Norwegian. Longyearbyen is the main settlement of the Norwegian archipelago SVALBARD in the Arctic Ocean. The town was named after American businessman John Munro LONGYEAR (1850-1922) whose company helped develop the settlement.
LUZON (Island) Filipino, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Afrikaans, Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Turkish
Of uncertain meaning, probably from Tagalog lusong meaning "mortar (for pounding rice)". This is the name of the largest island in the Philippines.
MADRID (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Spanish, Afrikaans, Arabic, Armenian, Asturian, Azerbaijani, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Galician, German, Hebrew, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Turkmen, Uzbek
From the older name Magerit, which is of uncertain meaning and origin. It may be derived from Arabic اَلْمَجْرِيط‎ (al-majrīṭ) meaning "source of water", from Latin matrix meaning "mother, source, origin (of rivers)", or from Celtic mageto ritu meaning "great bridge"... [more]
MAKASSAR (Settlement) Indonesian, Acehnese, Buginese, Javanese, Malay, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Romanian, Swedish, Thai, Turkish
From Makassarese akkasaraki nabbiya meaning "appearance of the prophet", taken from a legend in which a 16th-century king was supposedly approached by the Prophet Muhammad himself. This is the name of a city in Indonesia that serves as the capital of the South Sulawesi province.
MALACCA (Country, Political Subdivision, Settlement & Body of Water) English, French, Italian, Romanian
From Malay Melaka, probably derived from the Malay name for the Indian gooseberry (genus Phyllanthus), a type of tree. This is the name of a state in southern Malaysia as well as a city (Malacca City) and a narrow body of water between the Malay Peninsula and the island of Sumatra (the Strait of Malacca)... [more]
MALAYSIA (Country) Malay, Indonesian, Acehnese, Balinese, Banjar, Buginese, Javanese, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Danish, English, German, Italian, Norwegian, Romanian, Swedish, Filipino, Tagalog
From the name of the Malay people combined with the Greek suffix σία (sia). The ethnic name itself is of uncertain origin, possibly derived from Melayu or Malayu, the name of an ancient Sumatran kingdom, which may have been derived from Tamil மலை (malai) or Malayalam മല (mala) both meaning "hill, mountain" combined with Tamil ஊர் (ur) meaning "village, town"... [more]
MALDIVE (Country) Italian, Maltese, Romanian
Italian, Maltese, and Romanian form of MALDIVES.
MALI (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Burmese, Catalan, Chinese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Lao, Latvian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Tatar, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From the name of the Mali Empire, which was derived from Mandinka or Bambara mali meaning "hippopotamus" or "the place where the king lives". This is the name of a landlocked country in West Africa.
MANAMA (Settlement) Arabic, Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bengali, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Greek, Hungarian, Icelandic, Italian, Japanese, Kazakh, Korean, Kyrgyz, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Tibetan, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek
Means "place of sleep, place of rest" in Arabic. This is the name of the capital city of Bahrain, usually written with the definite article: المنامة (al-Manama) in Arabic.
MANDALAY (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Afrikaans, Albanian, Arabic, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From Burmese မန္တလေး (mandale) of unclear origin, possibly from Sanskrit मण्डल (mandala) meaning "circle, disk". This is the name of an administrative division of Myanmar as well as its regional capital.
MĂRIUȚA (Settlement) Romanian
MAURITANIA (Country) Albanian, English, Finnish, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian, Spanish, Filipino, Tagalog
From Latin Maurītānia, itself from Maurus meaning "Moor", a historical name for the Muslims that inhabited Northern Africa and the Iberian Peninsula during the Middle Ages. This is the name of a country in West Africa.
MECCA (Settlement) English, Italian, Romanian
From Arabic مكة (Makka) which is from بكة (bakka), an ancient name for the region. The name is of uncertain origin and meaning; it may be from Arabic بكى (baka) meaning "to cry, to mourn" or Ge'ez ምኵራብ (məkʷrab) meaning "temple, sanctuary"... [more]
MEDAN (Settlement) Indonesian, Batak, Banjar, Minangkabau, Malay, Afrikaans, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Indian, Hindi, Hungarian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Kyrgyz, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Possibly from Tamil மைதானம் (maidhāṉam) meaning "ground, field". This is the name of the capital city of the Indonesian province of North Sumatra.
MERAPI (Mountain) Indonesian, Javanese, Balinese, Banjar, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Malay, Albanian, Armenian, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Greek, Indian, Hindi, Hungarian, Italian, Kazakh, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian
From Sanskrit मेरु (Meru), the name of a legendary mountain in Buddhist and Hindu mythology, combined with Indonesian api meaning "fire". This is the name of a volcano on the island of Java in Indonesia.
MINDANAO (Island) Filipino, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kazakh, Korean, Kyrgyz, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From a Spanish corruption of Magindanaw, the endonym of the Maguindanao people. The ethnic name means "people of the flood plains" or "people of the lake" from Maguindanao danao meaning "lake"... [more]
MINSK (Settlement) Belarusian, Afrikaans, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Indian, Hindi, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tajik, Turkish, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek
From Old East Slavic Мѣньскъ (Měnĭskŭ), which was derived from a river named Men. This is the name of the capital city of Belarus.
MODENA (Settlement) Italian, English, Afrikaans, Albanian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Cebuano, Croatian, Czech, Dutch, Finnish, Georgian, German, Greek, Hungarian, Japanese, Kazakh, Korean, Malay, Neapolitan, Norwegian, Occitan, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Sardinian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swahili, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian, Venetian, Vietnamese
From Latin MUTINA, itself from Etruscan Mutna, of uncertain meaning. This is the name of a city in northern Italy.
MOLDOVA (Country) Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Danish, English, Estonian, Finnish, Georgian, Hungarian, Indonesian, Latvian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Romanian, Turkish, Ukrainian
From the name of the Moldova River in eastern Romania, which is of uncertain origin and meaning. It may be from Slavic mold- meaning "spruce, fir" or *moldu meaning "tender, soft, young", from Old German molde meaning "open-pit mine", or Gothic Mulda meaning "dust, dirt"... [more]
MONROVIA (Settlement) Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Bosnian, Czech, Danish, English, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, Greek, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
The capital city of Liberia, named after American president James MONROE (1758-1831).
NAMIBIA (Country) Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Danish, English, Finnish, Georgian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Romanian, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, Urdu
From the name of the Namib Desert, derived from Khoekhoe namib meaning "desert" or "vast place". This is the name of a country in southern Africa.
NANDRU (Settlement) Romanian
NARATHIWAT (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Thai, Dutch, English, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
From Thai นร (nara) meaning "man" and อธิวาส (athiwat) meaning "residence, house". This is the name of a province and city in southern Thailand.
NAYPYIDAW (Settlement) Afrikaans, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Swedish, Filipino, Tagalog, Turkish
From Burmese နေပြည်တော် (Nepyidaw) meaning "abode of the king" or "royal abode", from နေပြည် (ne-pyi) meaning "abode" and တော် (taw) meaning "royal, sacred"... [more]
NAZRAN (Settlement) Russian, Arabic, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Greek, Norwegian, Ossetian, Portuguese, Persian, Romanian, Swedish, Tagalog, Tatar, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek
From Ingush Наьсаре (Nasare) possibly from Нясара (Nyasara), supposedly the name of the first person to settle in the region. This is the name of a town in Ingushetia that served as the republic's capital until 2000.
NEFTEKAMSK (Settlement) Russian, English, Azerbaijani, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Italian, Norwegian, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From Russian нефть (neft) meaning "oil, petroleum" combined with the name of the Kama River. This is the name of a city in Bashkortostan, Russia.
NICOSIA (Settlement) Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, English, Hungarian, Italian, Malay, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
From a French corruption of Greek Λευκωσία (Lefkosía), which is of uncertain meaning. The most probable theory states that it is derived from the Greek phrase λευκό περιουσία (lefkó periousía) meaning "white estate"... [more]
NINGXIA (Political Subdivision) Chinese, Afrikaans, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Kurdish, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
From Chinese 宁 (níng) meaning "peaceful, calm, serene" and 夏 (xià) referring to the Western Xia, an empire that existed from 1038 to 1227... [more]
NISTRU (River) Romanian
Romanian form of DNIESTER.
NOUAKCHOTT (Settlement) French, Afrikaans, Albanian, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog
From Arabic نواكشوط (Nuwākšūṭ), which is from Tamazight Nawākšūṭ meaning "place of the winds" or inua u-kshut meaning "made of wood, made of sticks". This is the name of the capital of Mauritania.
NUR-SULTAN (Settlement) Kazakh, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hindi, Italian, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Mongolian, Norwegian, Romanian, Russian, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian
From the given name NURSULTAN. This is the name of the capital city of Kazakhstan, renamed in honour of former president Nursultan Nazarbayev (1940-)... [more]
OMAN (Country) Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bengali, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Burmese, Catalan, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kazakh, Korean, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Uyghur
From Arabic عمان‎ (ʿUmān), which is of disputed etymology. It may be from Arabic عُمَانَة (ʿumāna), a byname for the historical city of Sohar (presently located in Al Batinah North Governorate, Oman), which is probably derived from the root ع م ن‎ (ʿ-m-n) meaning "to settle, to remain, to dwell"... [more]
ORAN (Settlement) Afrikaans, Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Japanese, Kazakh, Korean, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Swedish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From Arabic وَهران‎ (Wahrān) which is ultimately from the Berber root hr meaning "lion". This is the name of a city in Algeria.
PADANG (Settlement) Indonesian, Minangkabau, Acehnese, Balinese, Javanese, Malay, Sundanese, Afrikaans, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Korean, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Urdu, Uzbek
Means "field, plain" in Indonesian. This is the name of the capital city of the Indonesian province of West Sumatra.
PALEMBANG (Settlement) Indonesian, Malay, Javanese, Minangkabau, Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Indian, Hindi, Hungarian, Icelandic, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Uzbek
Meaning unclear, possibly from the prefix pa- denoting location combined with Malay limbang meaning "to pan gold, to wash rice" or lembang meaning "to cause (water) to flow" or "lowland basin, valley" (a reference to the area's geography as a wetland)... [more]
PANAMA (Country) Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Belarusian, Bengali, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Burmese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Irish, Italian, Japanese, Kazakh, Khmer, Korean, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Lao, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek
From Spanish Panamá of uncertain meaning. It may be derived from the name of a tree commonly found in the area (genus Sterculia), from an indigenous word meaning "many butterflies", from Kuna bannaba meaning "distant, far away", or from a Guaraní word meaning "place of many fish"... [more]
PATTANI (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Thai, Malay, Azerbaijani, Dutch, English, Finnish, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Tajik, Turkish
Most likely from Pattani Malay patani meaning "this beach" (compare standard Malay pantai ini). Alternately, it may have come from a Sanskrit word meaning "virgin nymph" or from Malay petani meaning "farmer"... [more]
PEONIA (Region) Italian, Romanian, Spanish
Italian, Romanian and Spanish form of Paeonia.
PHENIAN (Settlement) Polish (Archaic), Romanian
Romanian form of PYONGYANG as well as an old Polish form (based on the Russian spelling).
PHNOM PENH (Settlement) Afrikaans, Albanian, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovene, Swedish, Filipino, Tagalog, Turkish
From Khmer ភ្នំពេញ (Phnum Pin) meaning "Penh's hill", from ភ្នំ (phnum) meaning "hill, mountain" and ពេញ (pin), the name of a legendary woman who supposedly founded the city in 1372... [more]
PHUKET (Political Subdivision, Settlement & Island) Thai, Albanian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Lao, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Derived from Malay bukit meaning "hill". This is the name of an island, province, and city in southern Thailand.
PLOVDIV (Settlement) Bulgarian, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Uzbek
From a Thracian translation of the Latin name Pulpudeva, which is possibly derived from the given name PHILLIP and Dacian dava meaning "city, town, fortress"... [more]
PORTUGALIA (Country) Albanian, Armenian, Georgian, Polish, Romanian
Albanian, Armenian, Georgian, Polish and Romanian form of PORTUGAL.
PUERTO RICO (Political Subdivision) Spanish, Afrikaans, Basque, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hungarian, Luxembourgish, Norwegian, Romanian, Swedish
Means "rich port" in Spanish. Puerto Rico is a Caribbean island and unincorporated U.S. territory with a landscape of mountains, waterfalls and the El Yunque tropical rainforest. In San Juan, the capital and largest city, the Isla Verde area is known for its hotel strip, beach bars and casinos... [more]
PUNCAK JAYA (Mountain) Indonesian, Balinese, Javanese, Malay, Sundanese, Bosnian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Norwegian, Romanian, Slovak, Swedish, Turkish
Means "summit of victory" from Indonesian puncak meaning "top, summit, peak" and jaya meaning "victory". This is the name of the highest mountain in Indonesia located on the island of New Guinea, sometimes referred to as the Carstensz Pyramid.
PUTRAJAYA (Settlement) Malay, Indonesian, Acehnese, Javanese, Minangkabau, English, Afrikaans, Armenian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Indian, Hindi, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Romanian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Filipino, Tagalog, Turkish
Derived from Malay putra or putera meaning "prince", ultimately from Sanskrit पुत्र (putra), and jaya meaning "success, victory", ultimately from Sanskrit जय (jaya)... [more]
QATAR (Country) Arabic, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Persian, Romanian, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Urdu, Uyghur, Uzbek
From Catharrei, the name given to the inhabitants of region by Roman writer Pliny the Elder, which may have been based on the name of a local settlement. The name Catara was later used by Greek astronomer Ptolemy to refer to the peninsula, which was eventually transmitted into Arabic... [more]
QUEZON (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Filipino, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Afrikaans, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Swedish, Turkish
From the surname QUEZON, named in honour of Manuel Quezon (1878-1844), the second president of the Philippines. This is the name of both a province and city in the Philippines.
RABAT (Settlement) Arabic, Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bosnian, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hebrew, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian
Means "ribat" in Arabic, referring to a type of fortification used during the Muslim conquest of the Maghreb. It is also used as a shortened form of the city's Arabic nickname, رباط الفتح (ribatu l-fath), which means "fortification of conquest, fortification of victory"... [more]
RÂCA (Political Subdivision) Romanian
REGATUL UNIT (Country) Romanian
Romanian form of UNITED KINGDOM
RHODESIA (Country) English, Danish, Finnish, Italian, Norwegian, Romanian, Swedish
Zimbabwe was known as Rhodesia (named after British diplomat Cecil Rhodes) prior to 1980.
RIGA (Settlement) Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Bengali, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Faroese, French, Georgian, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kazakh, Korean, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Turkmen, Urdu, Uyghur, Uzbek
From Latvian Rīga, origin disputed. It may be derived from Livonian ringa meaning "loop", referring to an ancient harbor formed by the tributary loop of the Daugava river, from Riege, the German name of the Rīdzene (a tributary of the Daugava), or from Latvian rija meaning "threshing barn"... [more]
RIN (River) Catalan, Romanian, Spanish
Catalan, Romanian and Spanish form of Rhine.
SABAH (Political Subdivision) Malay, Indonesian, Acehnese, Banjar, Javanese, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Indian, Hindi, Hungarian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Romanian, Serbian, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Urdu
Of uncertain meaning, possibly from the name of the saba banana (a cultivar originally from the Philippines), which comes from a Visayan word meaning "loud, noisy". Other theories suggest that it is derived from a Brunei Malay word meaning "upstream, northerly", from Malay sabak referring to a place where palm sugar is extracted, or from Arabic صباح (sabah) meaning "morning"... [more]
SAHARA (Country & Region) Afrikaans, Armenian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Faroese, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kannada, Korean, Kurdish, Macedonian, Malay, Malayalam, Marathi, Nepali, Norwegian, Polish, Punjabi, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish, Tagalog, Telugu, Thai, Turkmen, Yiddish
Derived from Arabic صَحَارَى‎ (ṣaḥārā) meaning "deserts", the plural of صَحْرَاء (ṣaḥrāʾ) meaning "desert". This is the name of a desert in Northern Africa as well as a disputed territory and semi-independent state (Western Sahara).
SAPPORO (Settlement) Japanese, Afrikaans, Azerbaijani, Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hindi, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Turkish, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From Ainu サッ・ポロ・ペッ (sat poro pet) meaning "dry, great river", referring to the Toyohira River. This is the name of a city in northern Japan that serves as the capital of the Hokkaido Prefecture.
SARAJEVO (Settlement) Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Norwegian, Malay, Maltese, Portuguese, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
From Turkish saray meaning "palace, mansion, house" and ova meaning "plain, lowland" or the Slavic suffix -evo used to indicate place names. This is the name of the capital city of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
SARAWAK (Political Subdivision) Malay, Indonesian, Acehnese, Banjar, Javanese, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Korean, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Romanian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Urdu
Probably from Sarawak Malay serawak or serewa meaning "antimony". This is the name of a state in eastern Malaysia.
SARDINIA (Region & Island) Basque, English, Finnish, Georgian, Greek, Indonesian, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian
An island which is also one of the 20 regions of Italy.
SATUN (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Thai, Arabic, Bulgarian, Dutch, English, French, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Lao, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Tajik, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu
Derived from Malay sentul meaning "santol" (a type of tropical fruit). This is the name of a province and city in southern Thailand.
SELANGOR (Political Subdivision) Malay, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Meaning uncertain. It may be derived from Malay langau meaning "horsefly", from the name Salang Ur meaning "Salang village" (from the name of the Salang people and Tamil ஊர் (ūr) meaning "village, town"), or from Malay salang possibly meaning "stabbing" combined with jemur meaning "to burn, to dry (in the sun)"... [more]
SEMARANG (Settlement) Indonesian, Javanese, Acehnese, Balinese, Malay, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Bulgarian, Czech, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
From Indonesian asam meaning "tamarind" and jarang meaning "rare, seldom", a reference to the tamarind trees in the area that rarely grew close together. This is the name of a city in Indonesia that serves as the capital of Central Java province.
SEYCHELLES (Country) French, English, Greek, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Maltese, Romanian, Spanish, Tagalog
From the name of Jean Moreau de Séchelles (1690-1761), a French politician who served as Minister of Finance during the reign of King Louis XV. This is the name of an East African island country in the Indian Ocean.
SHANGHAI (Settlement) Chinese, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Romanian, Swedish, Filipino, Tagalog
From Chinese 上 (shàng) meaning "above, top, upper" and 海 (hǎi) meaning "sea, ocean"... [more]
SHENZHEN (Settlement) Chinese, Afrikaans, Armenian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
From Chinese 深 (shēn) meaning "deep" and 圳 (zhèn) meaning "furrow, drainage, ditch". This is the name of a city in China.
SHYMKENT (Settlement) Kazakh, English, Russian, Bashkir, Belarusian, Chechen, Indonesian, Mongolian, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish
From Kazakh шым (shym) meaning "sod, turf, meadow" and кент (kent) meaning "town". This is the name of a city in Kazakhstan.
SIAM (Country) Afrikaans, Armenian, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Khmer, Korean, Kyrgyz, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From Portuguese Sciam, which was derived from Thai สยาม (sayam) of debated origin. The name may have come from Pali suvaṇṇabhūmi meaning "land of gold", Sanskrit श्याम (shyama) meaning "dark, black, blue" or Mon ရာမည (ramanya) meaning "stranger"... [more]
SIBERIA (Region) Albanian, Basque, English, Italian, Romanian, Spanish
Meaning uncertain. One theory suggests its derivation from Siberian Tatar Sib Ir meaning "sleeping land", while another suggests an origin from the ethonym Sirtya, Syopyr, an ethnic group which spoke a language that evolved into the Ugric languages... [more]
SICHUAN (Political Subdivision) Chinese, Afrikaans, Armenian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Indian, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Urdu, Uzbek
Means "four rivers" in Chinese, from 四 (sì) meaning "four" and 川 (chuān) meaning "river, stream". This is the name of a Chinese province.
SICILIA (Political Subdivision & Island) Ancient Roman, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian, Spanish, Tagalog
Ancient Roman (i.e. Classical Latin) form of SICILY, which some modern countries have adopted as their name for the island.
SINAI (Region & Mountain) Biblical, Hebrew, Albanian, Danish, English, German, Italian, Luxembourgish, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Swedish
Biblical place name, both the mountain upon which Moses receives the Ten Commandments from God and the desert where it is located, found between Canaan and Egypt.... [more]
SINGAPORE (Country, Settlement & Island) Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, Italian, Norwegian, Romanian, Swedish, Filipino, Tagalog
From Malay Singapura meaning "lion city", derived from Sanskrit सिंह (sinha) meaning "lion" and पुर (pura) meaning "city"... [more]
SLOVACIA (Country) Romanian
Romanian form of SLOVAKIA
SONGKHLA (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Thai, Danish, Dutch, English, French, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Lao, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Tajik, Turkish
From Malay Singgora, ultimately from Sanskrit सिंहपुर (sinhapura) meaning "city of lions", from सिंह (sinha) meaning "lion" and पुर (pura) meaning "city, town"... [more]
SRI LANKA (Country & Island) Afrikaans, Albanian, Basque, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
From Sinhalese ශ්‍රී ලංකාව (ś‍rī laṁkāva) meaning "holy island", derived from Sanskrit श्री (śrī) meaning "holy, sacred" and लङ्का (laṅkā) meaning "island"... [more]
STĂNCUŢA (Settlement) Romanian
SUEDIA (Country) Albanian, Basque, Romanian
Albanian, Basque and Romanian form of SWEDEN
SULAWESI (Political Subdivision & Island) Indonesian, Balinese, Banjar, Buginese, Javanese, Malay, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Italian, Norwegian, Romanian, Slovak, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, Turkish
Probably means "iron island" in an uncertain South Sulawesi language, from sula (cognate with Indonesian pulau) meaning "island" and mesi (compare Indonesian besi) meaning "iron"... [more]
SULU (Political Subdivision, Region & Body of Water) Filipino, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Arabic, Azerbaijani, Chinese, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek
From Suluk, the Malay name for the Tausug people, in turn derived from Tausug Tau Sūg meaning "people of the current", from tau meaning "man, person" and sūg meaning "(sea) current, flow of water"... [more]
SUMATRA (Political Subdivision & Island) Indonesian, Acehnese, Balinese, Banjar, Javanese, Malay, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Nepali, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, Turkish, Uzbek
From Sanskrit समुद्र (samudrá) meaning "sea, ocean". This is the name of an island in Indonesia as well as three Indonesian provinces.
SURABAYA (Settlement) Indonesian, Javanese, Acehnese, Balinese, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Afrikaans, Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek
From Javanese ꦯꦸꦫꦧꦪ (shurabaya), derived from ꦯꦸꦫ (shura) meaning "white shark" and ꦧꦪ (baya) meaning "crocodile". The name comes from 12th-century Javanese monarch Jayabaya, who supposedly foresaw a fight between a white shark and crocodile (which might have been a prediction of the Mongol invasion of Java in the late 13th century)... [more]
TADJIKISTAN (Country) Afrikaans, Breton, Catalan, French, Romanian
Afrikaans, Breton, Catalan, French and Romanian form of TAJIKISTAN.
TAIPEI (Settlement) Afrikaans, Albanian, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Greek, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
From Chinese 臺北 (Táiběi) derived from 臺 (tái) referring to Taiwan and 北 (běi) meaning "north". This is the name of the capital city of Taiwan.
TALLINN (Settlement) Estonian, English, Danish, Dutch, French, German, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Swedish
Capital of ESTONIA and previously known as Reval until 1918. The meaning of the name is uncertain, but it is believed to be derived from Estonian Taani-linn(a) meaning "Danish castle" or "Danish town".
TARANTO (Settlement) Italian, English, Armenian, Bulgarian, Finnish, Georgian, Romanian, Russian
From Latin Tarentum, itself from Ancient Greek Τάρᾱς (Tárās), ultimately probably from Illyrian *darandos, meaning "oak". This is the name of a city in southern Italy.
TATARSTAN (Political Subdivision) Tatar, Bashkir, Basque, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Danish, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovene, Swedish, Ukrainian
From the ethnic name татар (tatar) combined with the Persian suffix -ستان (-stan) meaning "land of". The ethnic name is of uncertain origin, though it is believed to be derived from tata, an endonym for the Mongols... [more]
TBILISI (Settlement) Georgian, Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Latvian, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Derived from Georgian თბილი (tbili) meaning "warm", given in reference to the area's sulfuric hot springs. This is the name of the capital city of Georgia (the country).
TERENGGANU (Political Subdivision) Malay, Indonesian, Acehnese, Banjar, Minangkabau, Bulgarian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Possibly from Malay terang ganu meaning "bright rainbow" or taring anu meaning "fang of something", supposedly said by a hunter when he discovered the tooth of an unknown animal. This is the name of a Malaysian state.
THIMPHU (Settlement) Bhutanese, Tibetan, Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bengali, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Latvian, Malay, Marathi, Polish, Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Uzbek
From Bhutanese ཐིམ་ (thim) meaning "to sink" and ཕུ་ (phu) meaning "high ground, foothill, upland" or "to fly". This is the name of the capital city of Bhutan.
TIANJIN (Settlement) Chinese, Arabic, Afrikaans, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Indian, Hindi, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Filipino, Tagalog
From Chinese 天 (tiān) meaning "sky, heaven" and 津 (jīn) meaning "ferry, ford". This is the name of a city in China.
TOGO (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Burmese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Korean, Latvian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Means "land where lagoons lie" from Ewe to meaning "water" and go meaning "shore". Togo, officially the Togolese Republic, is a country in West Africa bordered by Ghana to the west, Benin to the east and Burkina Faso to the north.
TRANG (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Thai, Bulgarian, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Tajik, Turkish, Urdu
Either from Malay terang meaning "bright, light, clear" or from Sanskrit तरंग (taraṃga) meaning "wave, ripple". This is the name of a province and city in southern Thailand.
TRANSCARPATIA (Region) Romanian, Spanish
Romanian and Spanish form of TRANSCARPATHIA.
TRANSCAUCAZIA (Region) Romanian
Romanian form of TRANSCAUCASIA.
TRANSDANUBIA (Region) English, Finnish, Norwegian, Romanian, Spanish
Means "beyond the river DANUBE", derived from Latin trans meaning "across, beyond" combined with the Latin noun Danubius meaning "the river Danube".... [more]
TRANSNISTRIA (Political Subdivision & Region) Basque, English, Estonian, Finnish, Italian, Norwegian, Romanian, Spanish
Means "beyond the river DNIESTER", derived from Latin trans meaning "across, beyond" combined with the Romanian noun Nistru meaning "the river Dniester".... [more]
TUNISIA (Country) Basque, English, Finnish, Galician, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian, Swahili, Thai
The name of a country in North Africa, named after its capital city TUNIS.
TURKMENISTAN (Country) Afrikaans, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Faroese, Finnish, German, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovene, Swedish, Filipino, Tagalog, Ukrainian
From Turkmen Türkmenistan, which is from the name of the Turkmen people combined with the Persian suffix ستان (stan) meaning "land of". The ethnic name is believed by some to mean "resembling a Turk" or "co-Turk", from the name of the Turkic peoples combined with the Sogdian suffix -myn or -men... [more]
TUVA (Political Subdivision) Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, English, Finnish, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Ukrainian
From Tuvan Тыва (Tyva), which is from the name of the Tuvan people. The ethnic name is uncertain meaning, possibly of Mongolian origin. This is the name of a federal subject of Russia.
UCRAINA (Country) Italian, Romanian
Italian and Romanian form of UKRAINE.
UDMURTIA (Political Subdivision) English, Estonian, Finnish, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian, Spanish, Tagalog
From Russian Удмуртия (Udmurtiya), which is derived from the name of the Udmurt people. The ethnic name is from odo-mort meaning "meadow people", from the Permic root od(o) meaning "meadow, glade, turf" and Iranian murt meaning "person, man"... [more]
UFA (Settlement & River) Russian, Albanian, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Buryat, Chechen, Crimean Tatar, Croatian, Czech, Danish, English, Estonian, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kyrgyz, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Ossetian, Polish, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Tatar, Thai, Turkish, Udmurt, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From Bashkir Өфө (Öfö), which is of uncertain origin and meaning. It may be derived from the Iranian root ap meaning "water". This is the name of the capital city of Bashkortostan as well a river that runs through the Ural Mountains... [more]
ULAANBAATAR (Settlement) Mongolian, Afrikaans, Dutch, English, Estonian, German, Romanian
Means "red hero" from Mongolian улаан (ulaan) meaning "red" and баатар (baatar) meaning "hero". This is the name of the capital city of Mongolia.
ULAN-UDE (Settlement) Azerbaijani, Bashkir, Belarusian, Chechen, Chuvash, Croatian, Czech, Danish, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Kyrgyz, Norwegian, Ossetian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tatar, Ukrainian, Yakut
From Buryat Улаан-Үдэ (Ulaan-Ude) meaning "red Uda", derived from Buryat улаан (ulaan) meaning "red" and Үдэ (Ude) referring to the Uda River. The name was originally given to reflect the Soviet Union's communist ideology... [more]
ÜRÜMQI (Settlement) Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Swedish
From Uyghur ئۈرۈمچى (ürümchi) which may be derived from Mongolian ᠦᠯᠡᠮᠵᠢ (ülemǰi) meaning "great", a short form of the phrase ᠦᠯᠡᠮᠵᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠰᠠᠶ᠋ᠢᠬᠠᠨ ᠪᠡᠯᠴᠢᠭᠡᠷ (ülemǰi-yin say᠋iqan belčiger) meaning "great pasture" or "beautiful pasture"... [more]
VIENTIANE (Settlement) French, Afrikaans, Albanian, Bosnian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Portuguese (Brazilian), Romanian, Slovak, Swedish, Filipino, Tagalog, Turkish
French form of Lao ວຽງຈັນ (Wiangchan) meaning "city of sandalwood" or "city of the moon" from Lao ວຽງ (wiang) meaning "city, town" and ຈັນ (chan) meaning "sandalwood" or "moon"... [more]
VILNIUS (Settlement) Lithuanian, Afrikaans, Albanian, Belarusian, Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, French, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kurdish, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Swedish, Turkish
From the name of the Vilnia River, which is derived from Lithuanian vilnis meaning "wave, ripple". This is the name of the capital city of Lithuania.
VLADIA (Settlement) Romanian
VLADIKAVKAZ (Settlement) Russian, English, Armenian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, French, Indonesian, Italian, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Mongolian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Swedish, Turkish, Uzbek
Means "ruler of the Caucasus" from Russian владеть (vladet) meaning "to own, to possess, to control" combined with Кавказ (Kavkaz) meaning "Caucasus"... [more]
WUHAN (Settlement) Chinese, Afrikaans, Arabic, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kurdish, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish
From a portmanteau of 武昌 (Wǔchāng) and 汉口 (Hànkǒu), the names of two of the three towns combined to form modern Wuhan. This is the name of the capital city of the Chinese province of Hubei.
XINJIANG (Political Subdivision & Region) Chinese, Afrikaans, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kurdish, Malay, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Swedish, Tagalog
Means "new frontier" from Chinese 新 (xīn) meaning "new" and 疆 (jiāng) meaning "boundary, border, frontier". This is the name of an autonomous region in western China as well as a historical region in Central Asia.
YALA (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Thai, Malay, Arabic, Bulgarian, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Tajik, Turkish, Urdu
Derived from Malay jala meaning "net", ultimately from Sanskrit जाल (jala). This is the name of a province in southern Thailand as well as the region's capital city.
YANGON (Settlement) Burmese, Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Tagalog, Turkish, Uzbek
Means "end of strife" in Burmese, from ရန် (yan) meaning "enemy, danger" or "quarrel" combined with ကုန် (gon) meaning "to run out, end". This is the name of the largest city in Myanmar (Burma), which served as the country's capital until 2006... [more]
YEMEN (Country) Bulgarian, Chinese, Danish, English, Italian, Kazakh, Korean, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Mongolian, Romanian, Russian, Somali, Spanish, Tagalog, Thai, Turkish, Uyghur
From Arabic اليمن (al-Yaman) which is probably from يَمِين (yamīn) meaning "right (hand), south". This is the name of a country in Western Asia.