Tagalog Submitted Place Names

Tagalog names are used in the Philippines.
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Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
ABUJA (Settlement) Western African, Hausa, Igbo, Yoruba, Afrikaans, Arabic, Armenian, Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Urdu
From Abu-Ja, a nickname of 19th-century monarch Abubakar Jatau (sometimes referred to as "Abu"), who founded what is now the city of Abuja in 1828. By some accounts, he was described as having fair skin, which possibly earned him the nickname Ja meaning "red" in Hausa... [more]
ACEH (Political Subdivision) Indonesian, Buginese, Malay, Minangkabau, Danish, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Icelandic, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
From Acehnese Acèh, meaning uncertain. A popular backronym states that it is derived from Indonesian Arab, Cina, Eropa, Hindia meaning "Arab, China, Europe, Indies" referring to the groups and regions that have historically influenced the people of Aceh... [more]
ADYGEA (Political Subdivision) English, Indonesian, Malay, Tagalog
From Russian Адыгея (Adygeya), which is from Adyghe адыгэ (adyge), the endonym of the Circassian (Adyghe) people. The ethnic name is of uncertain meaning, though it may mean "mountain between seas" or "mountain by the sea"... [more]
ALEMANYA (Country) Aragonese, Catalan, Filipino, Cebuano, Pampangan, Tagalog
Form of ALEMANNIA, used as the name of Germany in various languages.
ALMATY (Settlement) Kazakh, Albanian, Belarusian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkmen, Ukrainian
Meaning uncertain, possibly from Kazakh алма (alma) meaning "apple". This is the name of the largest city in Kazakhstan.
ALOR SETAR (Settlement) Malay, Indonesian, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hindi, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
From Malay alor meaning "river, stream" and setar meaning "gandaria" (a type of fruit). This is the name of a city in Malaysia that serves as the capital of Kedah.
ANGGOLA (Country) Filipino, Cebuano, Tagalog
Cebuano and Tagalog form of ANGOLA.
APRIKA ᜀᜉ᜔ᜇᜒᜃ (Region) Cebuano, Georgian, Ilocano, Maranao, Nauruan, Pampangan, Tagalog
Form of AFRICA.
ASHGABAT (Settlement) Armenian, English, Hebrew, Indonesian, Malay, Tagalog
From Turkmen Aşgabat from Persian عشق‌آباد (ešq-âbâd) meaning "city of love", derived from عشق (ešq) meaning "love, passion" and آباد (âbâd)# meaning "city"... [more]
ASTANA (Settlement) Kazakh, Afrikaans, Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Greek, Hindi, Indonesian, Kyrgyz, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Means "capital city" in Kazakh, ultimately from Persian آستانه (âstâne). This was the name of the capital city of Kazakhstan, which was renamed Nur-Sultan in 2019.
ASYA ᜀᜐ᜔ᜌ (Region) Arabic, Cebuano, Hebrew, Kabyle, Kurdish, Persian, Quechua, Tagalog, Turkish
Form of ASIA.
AZORES (Political Subdivision & Region) English, Greek, Indonesian, Malay, Spanish, Tagalog
From Portuguese Açores meaning "goshawks", the plural of açor meaning "goshawk". This is the name of an archipelago located in the North Atlantic Ocean and one of the two autonomous regions of Portugal.
BAHRAIN (Country) Arabic, Catalan, Danish, English, Finnish, German, Indonesian, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian, Swedish, Tagalog
Means "two seas" in Arabic, derived from بَحْر (baḥr) meaning "sea" and ـَيْنِ (ayni), a pluralising suffix. In Arabic it is typically written with the definite article as البحرين (al-Bahrain)... [more]
BAKU (Settlement) Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Chinese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, English, Finnish, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Kyrgyz, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Nepali, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uyghur
From Azerbaijani Bakı from Persian باکو (bâku), which is of uncertain meaning. One popular etymology suggests that it means "wind-pounded city" from Persian باد (bâd) meaning "wind" and کوبیدن (kubidan) meaning "to pound, to beat" (given in reference to the area's storms and high winds)... [more]
BALI (Political Subdivision & Island) Indonesian, Balinese, Acehnese, Javanese, Malay, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Chinese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Italian, Kazakh, Latvian, Macedonian, Mongolian, Nepali, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek
Derived from Sanskrit बलि (bali) meaning "offering, tribute". This is the name of an island and province in Indonesia.
BANDAR SERI BEGAWAN (Settlement) Malay, Indonesian, Afrikaans, Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
From Malay bandar meaning "town", seri meaning "radiance, splendour, glory", and begawan meaning "holy". The name comes from Seri Begawan, a Malay title used by Bruneian Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien III (1914-1986), which is ultimately derived from Sanskrit श्री भगवान् (śrī bhagvān) meaning "radiance of the gods"... [more]
BANDUNG (Settlement) Indonesian, Sundanese, Acehnese, Balinese, Banjar, Malay, Minangkabau, Albanian, Armenian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Kazakh, Korean, Kyrgyz, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, Turkish, Urdu, Uzbek
From Indonesian bendung or bendungan meaning "dam, dike", used to refer to the area in relation to the nearby Citarum River. Local sources also relate the name to the phrase Nga-Bandung-an Banda Indung, which is considered sacred in Sundanese culture... [more]
BANGKOK (Settlement) Thai, Afrikaans, Armenian, Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Korean, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Lao, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Uzbek
Believed to be derived from Thai บาง (baang) meaning "community, village, settlement" and กอก (gòk) meaning "olive", possibly used in reference to the olive trees that grew around the area... [more]
BANGSAMORO (Political Subdivision) Filipino, Maguindanao, Maranao, Cebuano, Ilocano, Tagalog, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Korean, Malay, Portuguese, Serbian, Turkish
From Malay bangsa meaning "nation, country, race" combined with Moro, the collective term for the thirteen predominantly Muslim ethnic groups of the Philippines, which is ultimately of Spanish origin... [more]
BHUTAN (Country) English, Bengali, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, German, Indian, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Nepali, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Urdu
Probably from བོད (bod), the Tibetan name for the region of Tibet, derived from Sanskrit भोट-अन्त (bhoṭa-anta) meaning "end of Tibet" (referring to the country's geographical location in southern extremity of the Tibetan plateau)... [more]
BRUNEI (Country) Malay, Albanian, Basque, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Luxembourgish, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Ukrainian
Probably derived from the name of the island of Borneo, which in turn is most likely from Sanskrit वरुण (váruṇa) meaning "ocean, water". A local legend suggests that the name may be derived from the phrase baru nah meaning "there!" or "that's it!", which was supposedly declared by Muhammad Shah, Brunei's first sultan... [more]
BURUNDI (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Breton, Bulgarian, Burmese, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Faroese, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian
The name of the Country in East Africa. Burundi, officially the Republic of Burundi, is a landlocked country in the African Great Lakes region of East Africa, bordered by Rwanda to the north, Tanzania to the east and south, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west.
BURYATIA (Political Subdivision) Armenian, English, Indonesian, Malay, Tagalog
From Russian Бурятия (Buryatiya) from the name of the Buryat people. The ethnic name is from Buryat буряад (buryaad), which is of uncertain origin and meaning, possibly from Buryat буртэ (burte) meaning "wolf"... [more]
BUSAN (Settlement) Korean, Afrikaans, Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Serbian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
From Sino-Korean 釜山 (Busan) meaning "cauldron mountain" from 釜 (bu) meaning "cauldron, pot, kettle" and 山 (san) meaning "mountain". This is the name of a city in South Korea.
CALIFORNIA (Political Subdivision) Spanish, English, Asturian, Estonian, Galician, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian, Tagalog
From the name of a fictional utopian island featured in the 16th-century novel Las sergas de Esplandián by Spanish author Garci Rodríguez de Montalvo. The name comes from the island's queen, Calafia (or Califia), whose name is derived from Arabic خَلِيفَة (ḵalīfa) meaning "caliph"... [more]
CASABLANCA (Settlement) Afrikaans, Bosnian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
Means "white house" in Spanish, from casa meaning "house" and blanca meaning "white". The name originates from a Spanish translation of the Arabic name الدَّار الْبَيْضَاء (ad-Dār al-Bayḍāʾ), which in turn was derived from a calque of the Portuguese name Casa Branca... [more]
CEBU (Political Subdivision, Settlement & Island) Filipino, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Afrikaans, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Swedish, Turkish
From Cebuano Sugbo, which is derived from Old Cebuano sibu or sibo meaning "trade", itself a shortened form of sinibuayng hingpit meaning "place for trading". This is the name of an island, province, and city (Cebu City) in the Philippines.
CHECHNYA (Political Subdivision) Russian, English, Indonesian, Malay, Tagalog
Means "(place) of the Chechens", derived from the Russian name for the Chechen people. The exonym is of uncertain meaning, with Russian folk etymologies suggesting that it originates from the name of a village; on the other hand, it may be derived from the Kabardian name Шашан (Shashan)... [more]
CHONGQING (Settlement) Chinese, Afrikaans, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kurdish, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
From Chinese 重 (chóng) meaning "to double, to duplicate" and 庆 (qìng) meaning "celebration, to celebrate". This is the name of a city in China.
COLOMBO (Settlement) Afrikaans, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Luxembourgish, Malay, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
Probably from old Sinhalese kolamba meaning "ferry" or "port". It is popularly believed to be derived from Sinhalese කොලොන් තොට (kolon toṭa) meaning "port on the river Kelani" or කොල අඹ (kola am̆ba) meaning "leafy mango grove", altered with influence from the name of Italian explorer Christopher Columbus or Latin columba meaning "dove"... [more]
COTABATO (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Filipino, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
From Maguindanao Kutawatu meaning "stone city", from kuta meaning "city, fort" and wato meaning "stone, rock". This is the name of both a province and a city in the southern Philippines.
DAGESTAN (Political Subdivision) Russian, Afrikaans, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog
Derived from Turkish dağ meaning "mountain" and the Persian suffix -ستان (-stan) meaning "land of". This is the name of a federal subject of Russia.
DENPASAR (Settlement) Indonesian, Acehnese, Javanese, Minangkabau, Afrikaans, Albanian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Czech, Dutch, Danish, English, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian
From Balinese ᬤᬾᬦ᭄ᬧᬲᬃ (dénpasar) derived from den meaning "north" and pasar meaning "market". This is the name of a city in Indonesia and the capital of Bali.
DHAKA (Settlement) Bengali, Afrikaans, Albanian, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Luxembourgish, Malay, Nepali, Norwegian, Polish, Swedish, Tagalog, Urdu
Uncertain, possibly from the name of the dhak tree (scientific name Butea monosperma), which used to grow in the area, from Bengali ঢাক (ḍhak) referring to a traditional membranophone instrument, or from the name of the Hindu goddess Dhakeshwari... [more]
DUSHANBE (Settlement) Tajik, Armenian, Belarusian, Bulgarian, English, Georgian, Hindi, Indonesian, Japanese, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Malay, Mongolian, Russian, Tagalog, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Mean "Monday" in Tajik, given in reference to a popular market that used to be held in the area on Mondays. This is the name of the capital of Tajikistan.
EHIPTO (Country) Filipino, Cebuano, Ilocano, Tagalog
Cebuano, Ilocano, and Tagalog form of EGYPT.
ESTONYA (Country) Kurdish, Tagalog, Turkish
Kurdish, Tagalog, and Turkish form of ESTONIA.
FLORIDA (Political Subdivision) Spanish, English, Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kurdish, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Turkish, Uzbek
Means "flowery, ornate" in Spanish, a short form of either la Florida meaning "the flowery one" or Pascua Florida meaning "flowery Easter" (a Spanish name for Palm Sunday, so named because the region was discovered by Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de León on that day in 1513)... [more]
GANGES (River) Afrikaans, Armenian, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Icelandic, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
From Ancient Greek Γάγγης (Gángēs) from Sanskrit गङ्गा (gáṅgā) meaning "swift-goer", ultimately from गच्छति (gacchati) meaning "to go". This is the name of a river in South Asia that flows through India and Bangladesh.
GRENADA (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, Georgian, German, Greek, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Uzbek
Probably from Granada, the name of a city in Andalusia, Spain, which is derived from Arabic غَرْنَاطَة‎ (ḡarnāṭa) possibly meaning "hill of strangers". This is the name of an island country in the Caribbean.
GROZNY (Settlement) Russian, Dutch, English, French, Indonesian, Kazakh, Malay, Mongolian, Polish, Tagalog
Means "formidable, menacing, fearsome" in Russian. This is the name of the capital city of Chechnya.
HANOI (Settlement) Afrikaans, Armenian, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, Georgian, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Kurdish, Lao, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Turkish
From Vietnamese Hà Nội, which is from Sino-Vietnamese 河內 (Hà Nội). The name is derived from Chinese 河內 (Hénèi) meaning "inside the river", from 河 (hé) meaning "river" and 內 (nèi) meaning "inside, interior", so named because of the area's location within the Red River... [more]
HAPON (Country) Filipino, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog
Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, and Tagalog form of JAPAN.
HAVANA (Settlement) Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Czech, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Georgian, Hindi, Icelandic, Indonesian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu
From Spanish Habana, which is derived from Habaguanex, the name of a Taíno chief who controlled the area. This is the name of the capital city of Cuba.
ICELAND (Country & Island) English, Malay, Tagalog
From Icelandic Ísland, which is derived from Old Norse íss meaning "ice" and land meaning "land, country". This is the name of a Nordic island country in the Atlantic Ocean.
INDONESYA ᜁᜈ᜔ᜇᜓᜈᜒᜐ᜔ᜌ (Country) Filipino, Tagalog
Tagalog form of INDONESIA.
INGLATERA (Country) Papiamento, Tagalog
Papiamento and Tagalog form of ENGLAND.
INGUSHETIA (Political Subdivision) Armenian, English, Indonesian, Malay, Tagalog
Means "(place) of the Ingush", from the Russian name for the Ingush people (natively called Ghalghai). The ethnic name is believed to be derived from Ангушт (Angusht), the Ingush name of a village currently located in North Ossetia-Alania... [more]
IPOH (Settlement) Malay, Indonesian, Banjar, Bulgarian, Czech, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Italian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
From Malay ipuh meaning "upas (a type of poisonous tree)". This is the name of a city in Malaysia that serves as the capital of the state of Perak.
ISLAMABAD (Settlement) Afrikaans, Armenian, Belarusian, Bengali, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Ukrainian, Uyghur
From Urdu اسلام آباد (Islām ābād) meaning "city of Islam" from the name of the religion of Islam and Urdu آباد (ābād) meaning "inhabited place, city". This is the name of the capital city of Pakistan.
ISTANBUL (Settlement) Arabic, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, English, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Urdu, Uyghur, Uzbek
From Turkish İstanbul, which comes from a misinterpretation of the Medieval Greek phrase εἰς τὴν Πόλιν (eis tḗn pólin) meaning "to the City", a colloquial name for the city of Constantinople (reflecting its status as the only major city in the vicinity)... [more]
JAKARTA (Settlement) Indonesian, Acehnese, Balinese, Javanese, Malay, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Arabic, Armenian, Bengali, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Mongolian, Persian, Romanian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkmen, Urdu, Uzbek
From Sanskrit जयकर्त (jayakarta) meaning "that which causes victory", from जय (jayá) meaning "victory, triumph" combined with कृत (kṛtá) meaning "done, made, accomplished"... [more]
JAVA (Political Subdivision & Island) Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Icelandic, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Mongolian, Nepali, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Serbian, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik
From Indonesian Jawa, which is of uncertain origin. It is most likely derived from Sanskrit यव-द्वीप (yava-dvīpa) meaning "island of barley", though it may have come from Javanese ꦗꦸꦮꦮꦸꦠ꧀ (juwawut) meaning "foxtail millet (a type of plant)" or Malay jauh meaning "far, distant"... [more]
JOHOR (Political Subdivision) Malay, Indonesian, Acehnese, Banjar, Javanese, Minangkabau, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
From Arabic جَوْهَر (jawhar) meaning "jewel, precious stone", ultimately from Persian جوهر (jowhar). This is the name of a state in southern Malaysia.
JOHOR BAHRU (Settlement) Malay, Indonesian, Banjar, Javanese, Minangkabau, Czech, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish, Tagalog, Turkish
Means "new gem" from Arabic جَوْهَر‎ (jawhar) meaning "jewel, precious stone, gem" and Malay bahru meaning "new". This is the name of a city in Malaysia.
JOLO (Settlement & Island) Filipino, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Azerbaijani, Croatian, Czech, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Swedish
Probably from Hokkien 好儂 (hó lâng) meaning "good people", named by Chinese traders to reflect how they perceived the native people of the region. This is the name of an island in the southern Philippines as well as the capital city of the province of Sulu.
KABUL (Settlement) Arabic, Armenian, Belarusian, Bengali, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Korean, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Ukrainian
From Pashto کابل (Kâbël) which may have been derived from Kambuja or Kamboja, the name of an ancient Indo-Iranian tribe and kingdom. The name is of uncertain meaning, possibly from Sanskrit काम (kā́ma) meaning "wish, desire, longing" and भुज् (bhuj) meaning "use, possess, rule"... [more]
KALIMANTAN (Political Subdivision, Island & Region) Indonesian, Acehnese, Balinese, Banjar, Buginese, Javanese, Malay, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Czech, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hindi, Icelandic, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Turkish, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Means "burning weather (island)" from Sanskrit काल (kālá) meaning "time, season" and क्वथन (kvathana) meaning "boiling, churning". This is the name of the Indonesian portion of the island of Borneo, though it is used to refer to the entire island in Indonesian... [more]
KALMYKIA (Political Subdivision) English, Indonesian, Malay, Tagalog
From Russian Калмыкия (Kalmykiya) ultimately from хальмг (xal'mg), the native name of the Kalmyk people. The ethnic name is of probably Mongolian origin meaning "the people moving away", from Mongolian халих (khalikh) meaning "overflow, flood", referring to how the Kalmyk people were originally Mongolians who "leaked away" from their ancestral homeland... [more]
KARELIA (Political Subdivision & Region) Armenian, English, Georgian, Indonesian, Malay, Polish, Norwegian, Tagalog
From Russian Карелия (Kareliya), which is from Karelian and Finnish Karjala derived from Finnish karja meaning "cattle, livestock" combined with the suffix -la denoting location... [more]
KASHIWA (Settlement) Japanese, Arabic, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Malay, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Urdu
From Japanese 柏 (kashiwa) meaning "oak". This is the name of a city in Chiba Prefecture, Japan.
KAZAN (Settlement) Tatar, Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Buryat, Chechen, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, Hindi, Indonesian, Ingush, Japanese, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Lezgin, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Romanian, Russian, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Yakut
Probably from Turkic qazan meaning "kettle, cauldron". This is the name of the capital city of Tatarstan.
KOMI (Political Subdivision) Komi, Russian, Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kazakh, Korean, Kyrgyz, Latvian, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From the name of the Komi people, which is most likely derived from the Finno-Ugric word kojema meaning "man, human", but also possibly from the name of the Kama River... [more]
KUALA LUMPUR (Settlement) Malay, Indonesian, Acehnese, Banjar, Javanese, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Afrikaans, Armenian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Macedonian, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Turkmen, Uzbek
Means "muddy confluence" from Malay kuala meaning "confluence" and lumpur meaning "mud". This is the name of the capital and largest city of Malaysia.
KUWAIT (Country) Arabic, Danish, English, Finnish, German, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
Of uncertain meaning, possibly from the alleged Arabic root ك و ت (k-w-t) or from a word meaning "fortress built near water". This is the name of a country in Western Asia, usually written with the definite article: الكويت (al-Kuwait) in Arabic.
LAGOS (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Western African, Hausa, Igbo, Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Turkmen, Uzbek
From Portuguese lagos meaning "lakes". This is the name of a city in Nigeria as well as a state of the same name.
LANAO (Political Subdivision & Body of Water) Filipino, Cebuano, Tagalog, Ilocano, Pampangan, Chinese, Czech, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Russian, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian
From Maranao ranaw meaning "lake, body of water". This is the name of a lake and two provinces in the southern Philippines.
LAOS (Country) Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dhivehi, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hindi, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Nepali, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Coined by the French when they united the three historical Lao kingdoms into French Indochina, a former group of colonial territories in Southeast Asia. The name comes from Lao ລາວ (lāo), the ethnic name of Lao people, who were the dominant group in the region... [more]
LEBANON (Country & Mountain) English, Indonesian, Tagalog, Thai
Derived from the Pro-West Semitic root laban meaning "white". This is the name of a country and mountain range in Western Asia.
LHASA (Settlement) Tibetan, Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bhutanese, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, Georgian, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Latvian, Malay, Nepali, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Romanian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Urdu
From Tibetan ལྷ་ས (lha sa) meaning "land of gods", derived from ལྷ (lha) meaning "deity, god" and ས (sa) meaning "land, earth". Alternatively, it may have been an alteration of Old Tibetan ར་ས (ra sa) meaning "land of goats" or "fortified land" from ར (ra) meaning "goat" or "enclosure" and ས (sa) meaning "land, earth"... [more]
LIBYA (Country) Northern African, Berber, Burmese, English, Faroese, Finnish, Hausa, Indonesian, Malay, Norwegian, Swahili, Tagalog, Turkish
From Arabic ليبيا‎ (Lībiyā) from Ancient Greek Λιβύη (Libúē), which is derived from Libu, the name of an ancient Berber tribe (attested as rbw in Egyptian)... [more]
LUZON ᜎᜓᜐᜓᜈ᜔ (Island) Filipino, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Afrikaans, Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Turkish
Of uncertain meaning, probably from Tagalog lusong meaning "mortar (for pounding rice)". This is the name of the largest island in the Philippines.
MADRID (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Spanish, Afrikaans, Arabic, Armenian, Asturian, Azerbaijani, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Galician, German, Hebrew, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Turkmen, Uzbek
From the older name Magerit, which is of uncertain meaning and origin. It may be derived from Arabic اَلْمَجْرِيط‎ (al-majrīṭ) meaning "source of water", from Latin matrix meaning "mother, source, origin (of rivers)", or from Celtic mageto ritu meaning "great bridge"... [more]
MAGUINDANAO (Political Subdivision) Filipino, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Swedish, Turkish
From Spanish Maguindanao, which is a corruption of Magindanaw, the endonym of the Maguindanao people. The ethnic name means "people of the flood plains" or "people of the lake" from the word danao meaning "lake"... [more]
MAJAPAHIT (Country & Settlement) Indonesian, Balinese, Sundanese, Malay, Afrikaans, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Sanskrit, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
Means "bitter maja", from Javanese maja referring to the bael tree (genus Aegle) and Malay pahit meaning "bitter, acrid". This was the name of a kingdom (as well as its capital city) based on the island of Java that existed from 1293 to 1527.
MAKHACHKALA (Settlement) Russian, Armenian, Belarusian, English, Indonesian, Kyrgyz, Mongolian, Ossetian, Tagalog, Tatar, Ukrainian, Urdu
Means "Makhach's fortress", from the given name MAKHACH and Kumyk къала (qala) meaning "fortress". This is the name of the capital city of Dagestan, named in honour of Magomed-Ali "Makhach" Dadaev (1882-1918), a Dagestani revolutionary.
MALDIBAS (Country) Filipino, Ilocano, Tagalog
Ilocano and Tagalog form of MALDIVES.
MALI (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Burmese, Catalan, Chinese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Lao, Latvian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Tatar, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From the name of the Mali Empire, which was derived from Mandinka or Bambara mali meaning "hippopotamus" or "the place where the king lives". This is the name of a landlocked country in West Africa.
MARAWI (Settlement) Filipino, Maranao, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Albanian, Arabic, Dutch, English, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Urdu
From Maraghui or Marahui, the name of a historical Maranao fort and settlement that was seiged in 1895, which is of uncertain meaning. This is the name of a city in the southern Philippines that serves as the capital of the Lanao del Sur province.
MAURITANIA (Country) Albanian, English, Finnish, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian, Spanish, Tagalog
From Latin Maurītānia, itself from Maurus meaning "Moor", a historical name for the Muslims that inhabited Northern Africa and the Iberian Peninsula during the Middle Ages. This is the name of a country in West Africa.
MAYKOP (Settlement) Russian, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bulgarian, English, Indonesian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Malay, Mongolian, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From Adyghe Мыекъуапэ (Məeq°āpă) meaning "cape of apples", from мые (məe) meaning "apple" and къуапэ (q°āpă) meaning "cape, gorge, height". This is the name of the capital of Adygea.
MAYNILA ᜋᜌ᜔ᜈᜒᜎ (Settlement) Filipino, Tagalog
Tagalog form of MANILA.
MEDAN (Settlement) Indonesian, Batak, Malay, Minangkabau, Afrikaans, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Kyrgyz, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Possibly from Tamil மைதானம் (maidhāṉam) meaning "ground, field", of Malay origin. This is the name of a city in Indonesia and the capital of North Sumatra province.
MEHIKO (Country & Settlement) Filipino, Cebuano, Ilocano, Tagalog
Cebuano, Ilocano, and Tagalog form of MEXICO.
MICRONESIA (Country & Region) Dutch, English, Italian, Spanish, Tagalog
From Greek μικρός (mikrós) meaning "small, little" and νῆσος (nesos) meaning "island". This is the name of a subregion of Oceania as well as an island country... [more]
MINDANAO (Island) Filipino, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kazakh, Korean, Kyrgyz, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From a Spanish corruption of Magindanaw, the endonym of the Maguindanao people. The ethnic name means "people of the flood plains" or "people of the lake" from Maguindanao danao meaning "lake"... [more]
MONROVIA (Settlement) Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Bosnian, Czech, Danish, English, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, Greek, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
The capital city of Liberia, named after American president James MONROE (1758-1831).
NAMIBIA (Country) Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Danish, English, Finnish, Georgian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Romanian, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, Urdu
From the name of the Namib Desert, derived from Khoekhoe namib meaning "desert" or "vast place". This is the name of a country in southern Africa.
NAPOLES (Settlement) Basque, Filipino, Cebuano, Tagalog
Basque, Cebuano, and Tagalog form of NAPLES.
NAYPYIDAW (Settlement) Afrikaans, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
From Burmese နေပြည်တော် (ne-pranytau) meaning "abode of the king", from နေပြည် (ne-prany) meaning "abode" and တော် (tau) meaning "royal, sacred"... [more]
NAZRAN (Settlement) Russian, Arabic, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Greek, Norwegian, Ossetian, Portuguese, Persian, Romanian, Swedish, Tagalog, Tatar, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek
From Ingush Наьсаре (Nasare) possibly from Нясара (Nyasara), supposedly the name of the first person to settle in the region. This is the name of a town in Ingushetia that served as the republic's capital until 2000.
NICOSIA (Settlement) Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, English, Hungarian, Italian, Malay, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
From a French corruption of Greek Λευκωσία (Lefkosía), which is of uncertain meaning. The most probable theory states that it is derived from the Greek phrase λευκό περιουσία (lefkó periousía) meaning "white estate"... [more]
NINGXIA (Political Subdivision) Chinese, Afrikaans, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Kurdish, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
From Chinese 宁 (níng) meaning "peaceful, tranquil, quiet" and 夏 (xià) referring to the Western Xia, a historical empire that existed from 1038 to 1227. This is the name of an autonomous region in China.
NOUAKCHOTT (Settlement) French, Afrikaans, Albanian, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog
From Arabic نواكشوط (Nuwākšūṭ), which is from Tamazight Nawākšūṭ meaning "place of the winds" or inua u-kshut meaning "made of wood, made of sticks". This is the name of the capital of Mauritania.
NUR-SULTAN (Settlement) Kazakh, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hindi, Italian, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Mongolian, Norwegian, Romanian, Russian, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian
From the given name NURSULTAN. This is the name of the capital city of Kazakhstan, renamed in honour of former president Nursultan Nazarbayev (1940-)... [more]
OMAN (Country) Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bengali, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kazakh, Korean, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Uyghur
From Arabic عمان‎ (ʿUmān), which is of disputed etymology. It may be from Arabic عُمَانَة (ʿumāna), a byname for the historical city of Sohar (presently located in Al Batinah North Governorate, Oman), which is probably derived from the root ع م ن‎ (ʿ-m-n) meaning "to settle, to remain, to dwell"... [more]
PANAMA (Country) Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Belarusian, Bengali, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Burmese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Irish, Italian, Japanese, Kazakh, Khmer, Korean, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Lao, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek
From Spanish Panamá of uncertain meaning. It may be derived from the name of a tree commonly found in the area (genus Sterculia), from an indigenous word meaning "many butterflies", from Kuna bannaba meaning "distant, far away", or from a Guaraní word meaning "place of many fish"... [more]
PANGASINAN (Political Subdivision) Filipino, Pangasinan, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu
From the name of the Pangasinan people meaning "place of salt" or "land of salt", derived from Pangasinan pang- meaning "for", asin meaning "salt", and the place marker suffix -an... [more]
PERAK (Political Subdivision) Malay, Indonesian, Acehnese, Banjar, Minangkabau, Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Italian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tamil, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian
Means "silver" in Malay, named in reference to the region's position as one of the world's largest sources of tin. This is the name of a state of Malaysia.
PHNOM PENH (Settlement) Afrikaans, Albanian, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
From Khmer ភ្នំពេញ (phnum pɨñ) meaning "Penh's hill", from ភ្នំ (phnum) meaning "hill, mountain" and ពេញ (pɨñ), the name of a legendary woman who supposedly founded the city in 1372... [more]
PLOVDIV (Settlement) Bulgarian, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Uzbek
From a Thracian translation of the Latin name Pulpudeva, which is possibly derived from the given name PHILLIP and Dacian dava meaning "city, town, fortress"... [more]
POLYNESIA (Region) English, Finnish, Norwegian, Tagalog
From Ancient Greek πολύς (polús) meaning "many" and νῆσος (nêsos) meaning "island". This is the name of a subregion in Oceania comprised of thousands of islands.
PRANSIYA (Country) Filipino, Cebuano, Pampangan, Tagalog
Cebuano, Pampangan, and Tagalog form of Francia (see FRANCE).
PUNJAB (Political Subdivision & Region) English, Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, German, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Swedish, Tagalog
From Punjabi پنجاب (Paṉjāb) or ਪੰਜਾਬ (Pañjāb) which is from Persian پنجاب (panjâb) meaning "five rivers" or "five waters", derived from پنج (panj) meaning "five" and آب (âb) meaning "water, river"... [more]
PYONGYANG (Settlement) Korean, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, French, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Kurdish, Malay, Norwegian, Portuguese, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Uyghur
From Sino-Korean 平 (pyeong) meaning "flat, level, plane" and 壤 (yang) meaning "soil, land". This is the name of the capital city of North Korea.
QATAR (Country) Arabic, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Persian, Romanian, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Urdu, Uyghur, Uzbek
From Catharrei, the name given to the inhabitants of region by Roman writer Pliny the Elder, which may have been based on the name of a local settlement. The name Catara was later used by Greek astronomer Ptolemy to refer to the peninsula, which was eventually transmitted into Arabic... [more]
QUEZON (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Filipino, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Afrikaans, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Swedish, Turkish
From the surname QUEZON, named in honour of Manuel Quezon (1878-1844), the second president of the Philippines. This is the name of both a province and city in the Philippines.
RABAT (Settlement) Arabic, Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bosnian, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hebrew, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian
From Arabic الرباط (ar-rabāṭ) meaning "the ribat", referring to a type of fortification used during the Muslim conquest of the Maghreb. It is also used as a shortened form of the city's Arabic nickname, رِبَاط الفَتْح (ribāṭu l-fatḥ), which means "fortification of conquest, fortification of victory"... [more]
RIGA (Settlement) Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Bengali, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Faroese, French, Georgian, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kazakh, Korean, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Turkmen, Urdu, Uyghur, Uzbek
From Latvian Rīga, origin disputed. It may be derived from Livonian ringa meaning "loop", referring to an ancient harbor formed by the tributary loop of the Daugava river, from Riege, the German name of the Rīdzene (a tributary of the Daugava), or from Latvian rija meaning "threshing barn"... [more]
RIYADH (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Arabic, Danish, English, Indonesian, Malay, Norwegian, Swedish, Tagalog
From Arabic اَلرِّيَاض‎ (ar-riyāḍ) meaning "the gardens, the meadows", from the plural of Arabic روضة (rawḍa). This is the name of the capital city of Saudi Arabia and a province of the same name... [more]
SAHARA (Country & Region) Afrikaans, Armenian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Faroese, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kannada, Korean, Kurdish, Macedonian, Malay, Malayalam, Marathi, Nepali, Norwegian, Polish, Punjabi, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish, Tagalog, Telugu, Thai, Turkmen, Yiddish
Derived from Arabic صَحَارَى‎ (ṣaḥārā) meaning "deserts", the plural of صَحْرَاء (ṣaḥrāʾ) meaning "desert". This is the name of a desert in Northern Africa as well as a disputed territory and semi-independent state (Western Sahara).
SAKHA (Political Subdivision) Yakut, Russian, Arabic, Armenian, Belarusian, Danish, English, French, Georgian, Hindi, Indonesian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Malay, Mongolian, Persian, Portuguese, Tagalog, Thai, Ukrainian, Urdu
From the name of the Sakha (Yakut) people, which is derived from Turkic jaka meaning "collar, edge". This is the name of a Russian federal republic also referred to as Yakutia.
SAPPORO (Settlement) Japanese, Afrikaans, Azerbaijani, Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hindi, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Turkish, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From Ainu サッ・ポロ・ペッ (sat poro pet) meaning "dry, great river", referring to the Toyohira River. This is the name of a city in northern Japan that serves as the capital of the Hokkaido Prefecture.
SARAJEVO (Settlement) Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Norwegian, Malay, Maltese, Portuguese, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
From Turkish saray meaning "palace, mansion, house" and ova meaning "plain, lowland" or the Slavic suffix -evo used to indicate place names. This is the name of the capital city of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
SEOUL (Settlement) Korean, Danish, English, German, Greek, Indonesian, Malay, Norwegian, Swedish, Tagalog
Means "capital" in Korean, probably derived from Sillan 서라벌 (Seorabeol) referring to the capital of the ancient kingdom of Silla. This is the name of the capital city of South Korea.
SEYCHELLES (Country) French, English, Greek, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Maltese, Romanian, Spanish, Tagalog
From the name of Jean Moreau de Séchelles (1690-1761), a French politician who served as Minister of Finance during the reign of King Louis XV. This is the name of an East African island country in the Indian Ocean.
SHANGHAI (Settlement) Chinese, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Romanian, Swedish, Tagalog
From Chinese 上 (shàng) meaning "up, on, upon" and 海 (hǎi) meaning "sea". This is the name of a city in China.
SHENZHEN (Settlement) Chinese, Afrikaans, Armenian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
From Chinese 深 (shēn) meaning "deep" and 圳 (zhèn) meaning "furrow, drainage, ditch". This is the name of a city in China.
SIAM (Country) Afrikaans, Armenian, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Khmer, Korean, Kyrgyz, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From Portuguese Sciam, which was derived from Thai สยาม (sà-yǎam) of debated origin. The name may have come from Pali suvaṇṇabhūmi meaning "land of gold", Sanskrit श्याम (śyāma) meaning "dark, black", or Mon ရာမည (rhmañña) meaning "stranger"... [more]
SICHUAN (Political Subdivision) Chinese, Afrikaans, Armenian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Urdu, Uzbek
Means "four rivers" in Chinese, from 四 (sì) meaning "four" and 川 (chuān) meaning "river, stream". This is the name of a Chinese province.
SICILIA (Political Subdivision & Island) Ancient Roman, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian, Spanish, Tagalog
Ancient Roman (i.e. Classical Latin) form of SICILY, which some modern countries have adopted as their name for the island.
SINGAPORE (Country, Settlement & Island) Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, Italian, Norwegian, Romanian, Swedish, Tagalog
From Malay Singapura, derived from Sanskrit सिंह (siṃhá) meaning "lion" and पुर (pura) meaning "city". This is the name of an island city-state in Southeast Asia.
SULAWESI (Political Subdivision & Island) Indonesian, Balinese, Banjar, Buginese, Javanese, Malay, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Italian, Norwegian, Romanian, Slovak, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, Turkish
Probably means "iron island" in an uncertain South Sulawesi language, from sula (cognate with Indonesian pulau) meaning "island" and mesi (compare Indonesian besi) meaning "iron"... [more]
SULTAN KUDARAT (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Filipino, Maguindanao, Cebuano, Hiligaynon, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Swedish, Turkish
Named for Muhammad Dipatuan Kudarat (1581–1671), the seventh sultan of Maguindanao, whose third name is derived from Arabic قُدْرَة (qudra) meaning "power"... [more]
SULU (Political Subdivision, Region & Body of Water) Filipino, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Arabic, Azerbaijani, Chinese, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek
From Suluk, the Malay name for the Tausug people, in turn derived from Tausug Tau Sūg meaning "people of the current", from tau meaning "man, person" and sūg meaning "(sea) current, flow of water"... [more]
SUMATRA (Political Subdivision & Island) Indonesian, Acehnese, Balinese, Banjar, Javanese, Malay, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Nepali, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, Turkish, Uzbek
From Sanskrit समुद्र (samudrá) meaning "sea, ocean". This is the name of an island in Indonesia as well as three Indonesian provinces.
SURABAYA (Settlement) Indonesian, Javanese, Acehnese, Balinese, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Afrikaans, Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek
From Javanese ꦯꦸꦫꦧꦪ (shurabaya), derived from ꦯꦸꦫ (shura) meaning "white shark" and ꦧꦪ (baya) meaning "crocodile". The name comes from 12th-century Javanese monarch Jayabaya, who foresaw a fight between a white shark and crocodile (which might have been referring to a Mongol invasion of Java in the late 13th century)... [more]
TAIPEI (Settlement) Afrikaans, Albanian, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Greek, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
From Chinese 臺北 (Táiběi) derived from 臺 (tái) referring to Taiwan and 北 (běi) meaning "north". This is the name of the capital city of Taiwan.
TANZANIA (Country) Swahili, Albanian, Armenian, Basque, Danish, Dutch, English, Georgian, Greek, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
From a blending of Tanganyika and Zanzibar, the names of the two former countries that were unified to create Tanzania in 1964, combined with the suffix -ia. The name Tanganyika is derived from Swahili tanga meaning "sail" and nyika meaning "wasteland, wilderness", while Zanzibar is derived from Persian زنگبار (zangebâr) meaning "black-skinned coast" (see ZANZIBAR)... [more]
TASHKENT (Settlement) Belarusian, Bulgarian, English, Indonesian, Kazakh, Malay, Mongolian, Portuguese, Russian, Tagalog, Ukrainian, Uyghur
From Uzbek Toshkent meaning "stone city", from tosh meaning "stone" and Turkic kend meaning "city". This is the name of the capital city of Uzbekistan.
TAWI-TAWI (Political Subdivision & Island) Filipino, Tausug, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Czech, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
From Sinama Jawi Jawi, which is derived from Malay jejawi meaning "banyan tree". This is the name of an island and province in the southern Philippines.
TBILISI (Settlement) Georgian, Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Latvian, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From Georgian თბილი (tbili) meaning "warm", given because of the area's sulfuric hot springs. This is the name of the capital city of Georgia (the country).
TUNIS (Country & Settlement) Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hebrew, Hindi, Indonesian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Russian, Serbian, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uyghur, Uzbek
Meaning uncertain, possibly from the Tamazight root ens meaning "to lie down, to pass the night" or from the name of the Phoenician goddess TANITH... [more]
TURKMENISTAN (Country) Abkhaz, Afrikaans, Avar, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Chuvash, Circassian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Faroese, Finnish, German, Indonesian, Italian, Lezgin, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Serbian, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Ukrainian
From Turkmen Türkmenistan, from the ethnic name Türkmen combined with the Persian suffix -ستان (-stan) meaning "land of". The ethnic name is believed by some to mean "resembling a Turk" or "co-Turk", from the name of the Turkic peoples combined with the Sogdian suffix -myn or -men... [more]
TUVA (Political Subdivision) Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, English, Finnish, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Ukrainian
From Tuvan Тыва (Tyva), which is from the name of the Tuvan people. The ethnic name is uncertain meaning, possibly of Mongolian origin. This is the name of a federal subject of Russia.
UDMURTIA (Political Subdivision) English, Estonian, Finnish, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian, Spanish, Tagalog
From Russian Удмуртия (Udmurtiya), which is derived from the name of the Udmurt people. The ethnic name is from odo-mort meaning "meadow people", from the Permic root od(o) meaning "meadow, glade, turf" and Iranian murt meaning "person, man"... [more]
UFA (Settlement & River) Russian, Albanian, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Buryat, Chechen, Crimean Tatar, Croatian, Czech, Danish, English, Estonian, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kyrgyz, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Ossetian, Polish, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Tatar, Thai, Turkish, Udmurt, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From Bashkir Өфө (Öfö), which is of uncertain origin and meaning. It may be derived from the Iranian root ap meaning "water". This is the name of the capital city of Bashkortostan as well a river that runs through the Ural Mountains... [more]
ULAN BATOR (Settlement) Armenian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Danish, English, Finnish, Hebrew, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Serbian, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog
Form of ULAANBAATAR used in various languages as well as an English variant of the name.
ULAN-UDE (Settlement) Azerbaijani, Bashkir, Belarusian, Chechen, Chuvash, Croatian, Czech, Danish, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Kyrgyz, Norwegian, Ossetian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tatar, Ukrainian, Yakut
From Buryat Улаан-Үдэ (Ulaan-Ude) meaning "red Uda", derived from Buryat улаан (ulaan) meaning "red" and Үдэ (Ude) referring to the Uda River. The name was originally given to reflect the Soviet Union's communist ideology... [more]
VARSOVIA (Settlement) Aragonese, Basque, Breton, Galician, Greek, Spanish, Filipino, Tagalog
New Latin form of WARSAW, which some countries have adopted as their name for the Polish city.
VIENTIANE (Settlement) French, Afrikaans, Albanian, Bosnian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Portuguese (Brazilian), Romanian, Slovak, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
French form of Lao ວຽງຈັນ (wīang chan) meaning "city of sandalwood" or "city of the moon" from Lao ວຽງ (wīang) meaning "city, town" and ຈັນ (chan) meaning "sandalwood" or "moon" (see WIANGCHAN)... [more]
XINJIANG (Political Subdivision & Region) Chinese, Afrikaans, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kurdish, Malay, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Swedish, Tagalog
Means "new frontier" from Chinese 新 (xīn) meaning "new" and 疆 (jiāng) meaning "boundary, border, frontier". This is the name of an autonomous region in western China as well as a historical region in Central Asia.
YANGON (Settlement) Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, English, Estonian, Finnish, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Tagalog, Turkish, Uzbek
From Burmese ရန်ကုန် (rankun) meaning "end of strife" from ရန် (ran) meaning "enemy, danger" or "quarrel" combined with ကုန် (kun) meaning "to run out, end"... [more]
YEMEN (Country) Bulgarian, Chinese, Danish, English, Italian, Kazakh, Korean, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Mongolian, Romanian, Russian, Somali, Spanish, Tagalog, Thai, Turkish, Uyghur
From Arabic اليمن (al-Yaman) which is probably from يَمِين (yamīn) meaning "right (hand), south". This is the name of a country in Western Asia.
YEREVAN (Settlement) Armenian, Belarusian, English, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Malay, Mongolian, Russian, Tagalog, Tajik, Uzbek
Meaning unknown. It may be from YERVAND, the name of a 3rd-century BC Armenian king (also known as Orontes IV), or from Էրեբունի (Ērebuni), an ancient Urartian fortification and city... [more]
YUGOSLAVIA (Country) English, Indonesian, Malay, Spanish, Tagalog
From Serbo-Croatian Jugoslavija meaning "land of the South Slavs", derived from jug meaning "south" and slavija meaning "land of Slavs". This was the name of a European country that existed from 1918 to 1941 (as the Kingdom of Yugoslavia), from 1943 to 1945 (as the Democratic Federal Yugoslavia), from 1945 to 1992, and from 1992-2003 (as the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia).
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