Russian Submitted Place Names

Russian names are used in the country of Russia and in Russian-speaking communities throughout the world. See also about Russian names.
type
usage
Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
Abakan Абакан (Settlement & River) Russian, English
Derived from the name Abakhan which is the name of a mythological Turkish khan (king). His name means "bear's blood" in the Khakas language, and was bestowed to the present-day Abakan River and the city of the same name... [more]
Abkhaziya Абхазия (Country) Belarusian, Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Russian, Ukrainian
Form of Abkhazia.
Abudzha Абуджа (Settlement) Belarusian, Bulgarian, Kazakh, Russian, Ukrainian
Belarusian, Bulgarian, Kazakh, Russian, and Ukrainian form of Abuja.
Achekh Ачех (Political Subdivision) Belarusian, Russian, Ukrainian
Belarusian, Russian, and Ukrainian form of Aceh.
Aden Аден (Settlement & Body of Water) English, Armenian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Hebrew, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Polish, Russian, Serbian, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian
From Akkadian edinu, "plain, lowland", itself loaned from Sumerian eden ("plain, open country"). This is the name of a city and a gulf in Yemen.
Adygeya Адыгея (Political Subdivision) Russian
Russian form of Adygea.
Afiny Афины (Settlement) Belarusian, Kyrgyz, Russian, Ukrainian
Belarusian, Kyrgyz, Russian, and Ukrainian form of Athens.
Akadiya Акадия (Region) Bulgarian, Russian
Bulgarian and Russian form of Acadia.
Almaty Алматы (Settlement) Kazakh, Russian
Meaning uncertain, possibly from Kazakh алма (alma) meaning "apple". This is the name of the largest city in Kazakhstan.
Alpy Альпы (Mountain) Czech, Polish, Russian, Slovak, Ukrainian
Form of Alps.
Altai Алтай (Political Subdivision & Mountain) English, Mongolian, Russian, Altai, Kazakh
Combination of Mongolian алт (alt) meaning "gold" and тай (tay) meaning "with" (wholly meaning "the mountain with gold"). The Altai Republic is a federal subject north of Mongolia in Russia... [more]
Altay Алтай (Political Subdivision & Mountain) Russian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz
Russian, Kazakh, and Kyrgyz form of Altai.
Anadyr Ана́дырь (Political Subdivision) Russian (Archaic)
Although the town itself has only been in existence for just over a century, the origins of the name Anadyr are much older. The name initially derives from the Yukaghir word "any-an" meaning "river"
Anatoliya Анатолия (Region) Russian, Ukrainian
Russian and Ukrainian form of Anatolia.
Andorra Андорра (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Catalan, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Greek, Hungarian, Icelandic, Italian, Luxembourgish, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian
The name of the country of Andorra, whose name is possibly derived from a Basque word andurrial (“shrub-covered land”), but it may come from Arabic الدرا (“the forest”) or Spanish andar (“to walk”).
Araviya Аравия (Political Subdivision & Region) Russian, Ukrainian
Russian and Ukrainian form of Arabia.
Arkadiya Аркадия (Political Subdivision & Region) Bulgarian, Russian, Ukrainian
Bulgarian, Russian and Ukrainian form of Arcadia.
Arpitaniya Арпитания (Region) Russian, Ukrainian
Russian and Ukrainian form of Arpitania.
Aruba Аруба (Political Subdivision & Island) Afrikaans, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Italian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian
An island in the Caribbean Sea that is part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
Astana Астана (Settlement) Kazakh, English, Russian
Means "capital city" in Kazakh, ultimately from Persian آستانه (astaneh). This was the name of the capital city of Kazakhstan until 2019, when it was renamed Nur-Sultan.
Avstralaziya Австралазия (Region) Bulgarian, Russian, Ukrainian
Belarusian, Russian and Ukrainian form of Australasia.
Avstriya Австрия (Country) Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Kyrgyz, Russian, Tajik, Uzbek
Form of Austria.
Ayan Аян (Political Subdivision) Russian
notable persons
Ayutiya Аютия (Country & Settlement) Azerbaijani, Russian
Azerbaijani and Russian form of Ayutthaya.
Azerbaydzhan Азербайджан (Country) Belarusian, Bulgarian, Kyrgyz, Russian, Ukrainian
Form of Azerbaijan.
Baikal Байкал (Body of Water) Russian, English
Derived from Mongolian Байгал нуур (Baygal nuur) meaning "nature lake"; from Mongolian байгалө (baigalö) "nature" and нуур (nuur) "lake". Lake Baikal is a rift lake in Siberia of Russia and the largest freshwater lake in the world.
Bakhreyn Бахрейн (Country) Belarusian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Mongolian, Russian, Ukrainian
Form of Bahrain.
Baku Баку (Settlement) English, Russian, Persian
From Azerbaijani Bakı from Persian باکو (baku), which is of uncertain meaning. One popular etymology suggests that it means "wind-pounded city" from Persian باد (bad) meaning "wind" and کوبیدن (kubidan) meaning "to pound, to beat", given in reference to the area's frequent storms and high winds... [more]
Bamako Бамако (Settlement) English, Armenian, Catalan, Danish, Esperanto, French, Fula, German, Hebrew, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish
Union of Bambara words bama ("crocodile") and ("stream"). This is the name of the capital city of Mali.
Banda-Achekh Банда-Ачех (Settlement) Belarusian, Russian, Ukrainian
Belarusian, Russian and Ukrainian form of Banda Aceh.
Bandar-Seri-Begavan Бандар-Сери-Бегаван (Settlement) Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Russian, Tajik, Uzbek
Form of Bandar Seri Begawan.
Bangladesh Бангладеш (Country) Bengali, Armenian, Basque, Breton, Bulgarian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Hebrew, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Swahili, Swedish, Uzbek
From Bengali বাংলাদেশ (Bangladeś) meaning "land of the Bengalis", from the name of the Bengali people and Sanskrit देश (deśá) meaning "country, kingdom, land, state"... [more]
Bari Бари (Settlement) Italian, English, Armenian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Greek, Hungarian, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Sicilian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
From Latin Barium, itself of uncertain origin, possibly from Messapic *baur or *bur, meaning "house", ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bhreu ("to grow, to be"). This is the name of the capital city of Apulia, in southern Italy.
Bashkiriya Башкирия (Political Subdivision) Russian
Russian form of Bashkiria.
Bashkortostan Башкортостан (Political Subdivision) Russian
From Bashkir Башҡортостан (Bashqortostan), which is from башҡорт (bashqort), the name of the people, combined with the Persian suffix ستان (stan) meaning "land of"... [more]
Bishkek Бишкек (Settlement) Kyrgyz, English, Russian
Meaning uncertain. One theory suggests that it comes from a word meaning "whorl, whisk" in Kyrgyz, referring to a tool used to prepare kumis, a traditional dairy product. It could also mean "five heights" from Kyrgyz беш (besh) meaning "five" and бийик (biyik) meaning "tall, high", or it could mean "five chiefs" from беш (besh) meaning "five" and the Turkish title beg meaning "chieftain, master"... [more]
Blagoveshchensk Благовещенск (Political Subdivision) Russian
literally 'the city of The Annunciation (of The Lord to The Blessed Virgin Mary)'
Bodaybo Бодайбо (Political Subdivision) Russian
possibly named after the Celtic queen "Boadicea" or "Boadacaea"
Bonayre Бонайре (Political Subdivision & Island) Ukrainian, Russian
Ukrainian form of Bonaire as well as a Russian variant name for the island.
Boneyr Бонэйр (Political Subdivision & Island) Azerbaijani, Russian
Azerbaijani and Russian form of Bonaire.
Brunei Бруней (Country) Malay, Albanian, Basque, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Luxembourgish, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Ukrainian
Probably derived from the name of the island of Borneo, which in turn is most likely from Sanskrit वरुण (váruṇa) meaning "ocean, water". A local legend suggests that the name may be derived from the phrase baru nah meaning "there!" or "that's it!", which was supposedly declared by Muhammad Shah, Brunei's first sultan... [more]
Budapesht Будапешт (Settlement) Armenian, Belarusian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Mongolian, Russian, Tajik, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Form of Budapest used in several languages.
Bulunksy Булу́нский (Region) Russian
I don't know if it's the actual etymology or if it just 'looks similar,' but a search for 'etymology of bulunsky' turns up a lot of results about "Blue Sky"
Burundi Бурунди (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Breton, Bulgarian, Burmese, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Faroese, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian
The name of the Country in East Africa. Burundi, officially the Republic of Burundi, is a landlocked country in the African Great Lakes region of East Africa, bordered by Rwanda to the north, Tanzania to the east and south, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west.
Buryatiya Бурятия (Political Subdivision) Russian
Russian form of Buryatia.
Chechnya Чечня (Political Subdivision) Russian, English
Means "(place) of the Chechens", derived from the Russian name for the Chechen people. The exonym is of uncertain meaning, with Russian folk etymologies suggesting that it originates from the name of a village; on the other hand, it may be derived from the Kabardian name Шашан (Shashan)... [more]
Chekhiya Чехия (Country) Belarusian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Russian, Tajik, Ukrainian
Form of Čechy, used as a name for the Czech Republic in various languages.
Cherkesiya Черкесия (Country & Region) Russian
Russian form of Circassia.
Chita Чита (Political Subdivision) Russian
"birch mat" or "clay" or "dirt (on the shore), slate, coal" or "blue" or "black earth (coal slate), coal" or "dwelling" or "upper reaches" or possibly the short form of a diminutive of a diminutive of a name that means "conception" (possibly referring to "The Immaculate Conception")
Chukotka Чукотка (Political Subdivision) Russian, English
Derived from the Russian name Чукчи (Chukchi), referring to the native people who originally inhabited the area. The word Chukchi is derived from Chukchi Chauchu meaning "rich in reindeer", used by the Reindeer Chukchi people to distinguish themselves from the Maritime Chukchi (the Anqallyt meaning "sea people")... [more]
Chuvashiya Чувашия (Political Subdivision) Russian
Russian form of Chuvashia.
Dagestan Дагестан (Political Subdivision) Russian
Derived from Turkish dağ meaning "mountain" and the Persian suffix ستان (stan) meaning "land of". This is the name of a federal subject of Russia.
Dortmund Дортмунд (Settlement) English, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Italian, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Swedish
First mentioned in the 9th century AD as Throtmanni, of uncertain origin and meaning, the form Dortmunde first appeared in the 13th century. This is the name of a city in western Germany.
Dudinka Дуди́нка (Settlement) Russian
"Mulberry Tree" + "Feminine" noun
Dushanbe Душанбе (Settlement) Tajik, English, Russian
Mean "Monday" in Tajik, so named for a popular market that used to be held in the area on Mondays. This is the name of the capital city of Tajikistan.
Dzhakarta Джакарта (Settlement) Belarusian, Bulgarian, Kazakh, Russian, Ukrainian
Form of Jakarta.
Dzhokhor Джохор (Political Subdivision) Russian, Ukrainian
Russian and Ukrainian form of Johor.
Efiopiya Эфиопия (Country) Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Russian, Tajik, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Form of Ethiopia.
Erevan Ереван (Settlement) Armenian, Belarusian, Bulgarian, French, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Mongolian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovene, Tajik, Ukrainian
Alternate transcription of Yerevan as well as the form used in various languages.
Evfrat Евфрат (River) Slovene, Russian
Slovenian form of Euphrates and Russian variant transcription of Yevfrat.
Evraziya Евразия (Region) Bulgarian, Kyrgyz, Russian, Ukrainian
Form of Eurasia.
Evropa Европа (Region) Abkhaz, Albanian, Armenian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Czech, Faroese, Georgian, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Russian, Serbian, Slovene
Form of Europa (see Europe) used in various languages as well as an Armenian and Russian alternate transcription of Yevropa.
Filippiny Филиппины (Country) Russian, Ukrainian
Russian and Ukrainian form of Philippines.
Gabon Габон (Country) Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Turkish
Derived from Portuguese gabão meaning "cloak, overcoat", used to refer to the shape of the estuary of the Komo River by Libreville. This is the name of a country in Central Africa along the Atlantic coast.
Galileya Галилея (Region) Bulgarian, Russian, Ukrainian
Bulgarian, Russian and Ukrainian form of Galilee.
Gavana Гавана (Settlement) Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Russian, Uzbek
Form of Havana.
Grenada Гренада (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, Georgian, German, Greek, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Uzbek
Probably from Granada, the name of a city in Andalusia, Spain, which is derived from Arabic غَرْنَاطَة‎ (ḡarnāṭa) possibly meaning "hill of strangers". This is the name of an island country in the Caribbean.
Grenlandiya Гренландия (Political Subdivision) Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Russian, Tajik
Form of Greenland.
Gretsia Греция (Country) Russian
Russian variant transcription of Gretsiya which is Russian form of Greece.
Grozny Грозный (Settlement) Russian, English
Means "formidable, menacing, fearsome" in Russian. This is the name of the capital city of the Russian republic of Chechnya.
Guam Гуам (Political Subdivision & Island) Afrikaans, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
The name of the Territory. Guam is a U.S. island territory in Micronesia, in the Western Pacific. It's distinguished by tropical beaches, Chamorro villages and ancient latte-stone pillars. Guam’s WWII significance is on view at the War in the Pacific National Historical Park, whose sites include Asan Beach, a former battlefield... [more]
Hatanga (Settlement) Russian
Wikipedia redirected me to Khatanga
Ierusalim Иерусалим (Settlement) Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Mongolian, Romanian, Russian
Form of Jerusalem.
Ilim Илим (River) Russian, Arabic
I couldn't find the meaning of the river's name, but Wiktionary (without mentioning the river) says it's a Turkish word with an Arabic root that means "Knowledge, Science"
Indoneziya Индонезия (Country) Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Russian, Tajik, Uzbek
Form of Indonesia.
Indostan Индостан (Country & Region) Bulgarian, Romanian, Russian, Ukrainian
Form of Hindustan.
Ingushetiya Ингушетия (Political Subdivision) Russian
Russian form of Ingushetia.
Ipokh Ипох (Settlement) Russian, Ukrainian
Russian and Ukrainian form of Ipoh.
Irkutsk Иркутск (Political Subdivision) Russian
"Spinning"
Iska Isan Новая Земля (Region) Russian
"New Earth"
Islandiya Исландия (Country & Island) Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Russian, Tajik, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Form of Iceland.
Ispaniya Испания (Country) Belarusian, Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Russian, Tajik, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Form of Hispania (see Spain).
Iudeya Иудея (Region) Russian
Russian form of Iudaea (see Judea).
Kabardino-Balkariya Кабардино-Балкария (Political Subdivision) Russian
Russian form of Kabardino-balkaria.
Kabul Кабул (Settlement) Arabic, Armenian, Belarusian, Bengali, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Korean, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Ukrainian
From Pashto کابل (Kabal) which may have been derived from Kambuja or Kamboja, the name of an ancient Indo-Iranian tribe and kingdom. The name is of uncertain meaning, possibly from Sanskrit काम (kama) meaning "love, desire" and भुज् (bhuj) meaning "use, possess, rule"... [more]
Kair Каир (Settlement) Belarusian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Mongolian, Polish, Russian
Form of Cairo.
Kaledoniya Каледония (Region) Bulgarian, Russian, Ukrainian
Bulgarian, Russian and Ukrainian form of Caledonia.
Kaliforniya Калифорния (Political Subdivision) Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Persian, Russian, Tajik, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Form of California.
Kalmykiya Калмыкия (Political Subdivision) Russian, Ukrainian
Russian and Ukrainian form of Kalmykia.
Kambodzha Камбоджа (Country) Belarusian, Bulgarian, Kazakh, Russian, Ukrainian, Uyghur
Form of Cambodia.
Kampala (Settlement) English, Armenian, Danish, Dutch, French, Hebrew, Italian, Portuguese, Russian, Slovak, Spanish
From K'empala, a shortening of the original Baganda Akasozi ke'Empala ("Hill of the Impala"). This is the name of the capital city of Uganda.
Kansk Канск (Settlement) Russian
"City" on the Gan River
Karaganda Караганда (Settlement) English, Russian
From Kazakh Қарағанды (Qaraghandy), which is derived from қараған (qaraghan) meaning "caragana" (a type of flower). This is the name of a city in Kazakhstan.
Karakalpakstan Каракалпакстан (Political Subdivision) English, Russian
From Karakalpak Қарақалпақстан (Qaraqalpaqstan), itself from the name of the Karakalpak people combined with the Persian suffix ستان (stan) meaning "land of"... [more]
Karantaniya Карантания (Country) Bulgarian, Russian, Ukrainian
Bulgarian, Russian and Ukrainian form of Carantania.
Kareliya Карелия (Political Subdivision) Russian
Russian form of Karelia.
Karfagen Карфаген (Settlement) Azerbaijani, Russian
Azerbaijani and Russian form of Carthage.
Karmaniya Кармания (Political Subdivision & Region) Russian
Russian form of Carmania.
Kataloniya Каталония (Political Subdivision & Region) Azerbaijani, Bengali, Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Russian, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Form of Catalonia.
Kazan Казань (Settlement) Tatar, Russian
Probably derived from Turkic qazan meaning "kettle, cauldron". This is the name of the capital city of the Russian republic of Tatarstan.
Kazbek Казбек (Mountain) Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bashkir, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tajik, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From Russian Казбек (Kazbek) which is from Arabic قَاضِي (qāḍī) meaning "judge, arbiter" combined with the Turkish military title beg meaning "chieftain, master"... [more]
Khabarovsk Хаба́ровск (Political Subdivision) Russian
The Russians founded the military outpost of Khabarovka (Хаба́ровка), named after Yerofey Khabarov. The post later became an important industrial center for the region... [more]
Khanoi Ханой (Settlement) Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Mongolian, Russian, Ukrainian
Alternate transcription of Khanoy.
Khanoy Ханой (Settlement) Belarusian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Mongolian, Russian, Ukrainian
Form of Hanoi.
Khanty-mansiysk Ха́нты-Манси́йск (Settlement) Russian
"Town" of the "Khanty- and Mansi-nations"
Khartum Хартум (Settlement) Bengali, Catalan, Finnish, German, Italian, Mongolian, Yiddish, Russian
Form of Khartoum used in several languages.
Khatanga Хатанга (Settlement) Russian
"Large Water"
Kidoniya Кидония (Settlement) Bulgarian, Russian, Ukrainian
Bulgarian, Russian and Ukrainian form of Cydonia.
Kiev (Settlement) Ukrainian, Russian, Bulgarian, German, English
The name Kiev comes from a medieval legend about the founding of the city told by a Chronicler of Rus-Ukraine. It was three brothers, Kie, Shchek and Khoriv, and their sister Lebid, who were the founders.
Kipr Кипр (Country & Island) Azerbaijani, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Russian, Tajik, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Form of Cyprus.
Kirgizstan Киргизстан (Country) Bulgarian, Indonesian, Russian, Yiddish
Bulgarian, Indonesian, Russian, and Yiddish form of Kyrgyzstan.
Komi Коми (Political Subdivision) Komi, Russian
From the name of the Komi people, which is most likely derived from the Finno-Ugric word kojema meaning "man, human", but also possibly from the name of the Kama River... [more]
Konstantinopol Константинополь (Settlement) Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Czech, Russian, Tajik, Uzbek
Form of Constantinople.
Kopengagen Копенгаген (Settlement) Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Russian, Uzbek
Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Russian and Uzbek of Copenhagen.
Korinf Коринф (Settlement) Russian
Russian form of Corinthus (see Corinth).
Kosovo Косово (Country) Afrikaans, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Indonesian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Ukrainian
From Albanian Kosova or Kosovë, which is derived from Serbian кос (kos) meaning "blackbird", an ellipsis of Косово Поље (Kosovo Polje) meaning "blackbird field"... [more]
Krit Крит (Political Subdivision & Island) Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Russian, Serbian, Uzbek
Form of Krete (see Crete).
Krym Крым (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) Belarusian, Czech, Mongolian, Polish, Russian, Slovak, Ukrainian
Form of Crimea.
Kuala-Lumpur Куала-Лумпур (Settlement) Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Russian, Tajik, Ukrainian
Form of Kuala Lumpur.
Kyurasao Кюрасао (Political Subdivision & Island) Bulgarian, Kazakh, Russian, Ukrainian
Form of Curaçao.
Kyzyl Кызыл (Political Subdivision) Russian
"Red" or "Crimson"
Lakoniya Лакония (Political Subdivision & Region) Bulgarian, Russian, Ukrainian
Bulgarian, Russian and Ukrainian form of Laconia.
Lanao Ланао (Political Subdivision & Body of Water) Filipino, Cebuano, Tagalog, Ilocano, Pampangan, Chinese, Czech, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Russian, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian
From Maranao ranaw meaning "lake, body of water". This is the name of a lake and two provinces in the southern Philippines.
Leningrad Ленинград (Settlement) Russian
Changed from Petrograd to honour Lenin. Means "lenin's city" from Lenin and gorod, "city"... [more]
Leselidze Леселидзе (Settlement) Georgian, Russian, Armenian, Abkhaz
Liberiya Либерия (Country) Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Russian, Tajik, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Form of Liberia.
Livorno Ливорно (Settlement) Italian, English, Bulgarian, Czech, Dutch, Esperanto, Finnish, German, Greek, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Ukrainian
From Old Italian Ligorno, itself from Latin Liburnus, derived from the tribe of the Liburnians (in Latin Liburni). This is the name of a port city in north-central Italy.
Lkhasa Лхаса (Settlement) Belarusian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Russian, Ukrainian
Form of Lhasa.
Luanda Луанда (Settlement & Other) English, Dutch, French, German, Italian, Polish, Portuguese, Portuguese (Brazilian), Russian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish
From lu-, a plural marker in several Bantu languages, and ndandu, "value" or "object of commerce", referring to the shells of sea snails, which were used as currency in the ancient kingdoms of Kongo and Ndongo.... [more]
Lusaka Лусака (Political Subdivision & Settlement) English, Chewa, Chinese, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Hebrew, Italian, Russian, Slovak, Spanish
From Lusaaka, the name of a local Lenje chief. This is the name of the capital city of Zambia, as well as the district and the province in which the city is located.
Luzitaniya Лузитания (Political Subdivision & Region) Bulgarian, Russian, Ukrainian
Bulgarian, Russian and Ukrainian form of Lusitania.
Lyuksemburg Люксембург (Country) Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Mongolian, Russian, Tajik, Uzbek
Form of Luxembourg.
Madrid Мадрид (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Spanish, Afrikaans, Arabic, Armenian, Asturian, Azerbaijani, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Galician, German, Hebrew, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Turkmen, Uzbek
From the older name Magerit, which is of uncertain meaning and origin. It may be derived from Arabic اَلْمَجْرِيط‎ (al-majrīṭ) meaning "source of water", from Latin matrix meaning "mother, source, origin (of rivers)", or from Celtic mageto ritu meaning "great bridge"... [more]
Madzhapakhit Маджапахит (Country & Settlement) Belarusian, Kazakh, Russian
Belarusian, Kazakh, and Russian form of Majapahit.
Magindanao Магинданао (Political Subdivision) Japanese, Korean, Macedonian, Russian, Ukrainian
Form of Maguindanao.
Magrib Магриб (Region) Catalan, Estonian, Russian, Eastern African, Somali
Catalan, Estonian, Russian, and Somali form of Maghreb, referring to the region.
Makao Макао (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Albanian, Azerbaijani, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Georgian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Russian, Serbian, Turkish, Ukrainian
Form of Macau.
Makhachkala Махачкала (Settlement) Russian
Means "Makhach's fortress", from the given name Makhach and Kumyk къала (qala) meaning "fortress". This is the name of the capital city of the Russian republic of Dagestan, named in honour of Magomed-Ali "Makhach" Dadaev (1882-1918), a Dagestani revolutionary.
Malakka Малакка (Country, Political Subdivision, Settlement & Body of Water) Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Czech, Dutch, Finnish, German, Greek, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Luxembourgish, Norwegian, Polish, Russian, Turkish, Ukrainian
Form of Malacca.
Malayziya Малайзия (Country) Arabic, Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Russian, Tajik, Uzbek
Form of Malaysia.
Mali Мали (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Burmese, Catalan, Chinese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Lao, Latvian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Tatar, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From the name of the Mali Empire, which was derived from Mandinka or Bambara mali meaning "hippopotamus" or "the place where the king lives". This is the name of a landlocked country in West Africa.
Malta Мальта (Country & Island) Maltese, Afrikaans, Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, Georgian, German, Greek, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Kurdish, Latvian, Lithuanian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tajik, Turkish, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Uncertain, possibly derived from Greek μέλι (meli) meaning "honey". This is the name of an island nation in southern Europe.
Mandalai Мандалай (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Arabic, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Mongolian, Portuguese, Russian
Form of Mandalay used in various languages as well as an alternate transcription of the same name.
Maravi Марави (Settlement) Russian, Tatar, Ukrainian
Russian, Tatar, and Ukrainian form of Marawi.
Mavritaniya Мавритания (Country) Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Russian, Tajik, Uzbek
Form of Mauritania.
Maykop Майкоп (Settlement) Russian
From Adyghe Мыекъуапэ (Myeqwapa) meaning "cape of apples", from мые (mye) meaning "apple" and къуапэ (qwapa) meaning "cape, gorge, height". This is the name of the capital city of the Russian republic of Adygea.
Minsk Минск (Settlement) Belarusian, English, Russian
From Old East Slavic Мѣньскъ (Menisku), which was derived from a river named Men. This is the name of the capital city of Belarus.
Modena Модена (Settlement) Italian, English, Bulgarian, Dutch, Georgian, German, Greek, Japanese, Korean, Polish, Russian, Serbian, Ukrainian
From Latin Mutina, itself from Etruscan Mutna, of uncertain meaning. This is the name of a city in northern Italy.
Monroviya Монровия (Settlement) Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Russian, Tajik, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Form of Monrovia.
Moskva Москва (Settlement & River) Russian
Original Russian form of Moscow, which refers to the city as well as the Moskva River.
Naryan Mar Нарья́н-Мар (Settlement) Russian
"Red Town"... [more]
Nazran Назрань (Settlement) Russian
From Ingush Наьсаре (Nasare) possibly from Нясара (Nyasara), supposedly the name of the first person to settle in the region. This is the name of a town in Ingushetia that served as the republic's capital until 2000.
Neftekamsk Нефтекамск (Settlement) Russian
From Russian нефть (neft) meaning "oil, petroleum" combined with the name of the Kama River. This is the name of a city in Bashkortostan, Russia.
Neriungri Нерюнгри (Political Subdivision) Russian
comes from the Evenk word for "grayling" (species of freshwater-fish in the family of salmon) ... the second largest town in the Sakha Republic, Russia and the administrative center of Neryungrinsky District
Neypido Нейпьидо (Settlement) Kazakh, Mongolian, Russian, Uzbek
Form of Naypyidaw.
Nikosiya Никосия (Settlement) Azerbaijani, Hindi, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Russian, Tajik, Uzbek
Form of Nicosia.
Ninsya Нинся (Political Subdivision) Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Kazakh, Russian, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Form of Ningxia.
Norvegiya Норвегия (Country) Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Russian, Uzbek
Form of Norway.
Novaya Zemlya Новая Земля (Island) Russian
Means "new land" from Russian новая (novaya) meaning "new" and земля (zemlya) meaning "land, soil, earth". This is the name of an Arctic archipelago in northern Russia.
Noyabrsk Ноя́брьск (Settlement) Russian
"November"
Nur-Sultan Нур-Султан (Settlement) Kazakh, English, Russian
From the given name Nursultan. This is the name of the capital city of Kazakhstan, which was renamed in honour of former president Nursultan Nazarbayev (1940-)... [more]
Okhotsk Охотск (Political Subdivision) Russian
from an Even word окат (okat) meaning "river"
Olenyok Оленёк (Political Subdivision) Russian
"Agents" (or agent-noun, i.e. "Workers" LoL) of "Oil"
Oman Оман (Country) Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bengali, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Burmese, Catalan, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kazakh, Korean, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Uyghur
From Arabic عمان‎ (ʿUmān), which is of disputed etymology. It may be from Arabic عُمَانَة (ʿumāna), a byname for the historical city of Sohar (presently located in Al Batinah North Governorate, Oman), which is probably derived from the root ع م ن‎ (ʿ-m-n) meaning "to settle, to remain, to dwell"... [more]
Orda Орда (Other) Russian
Osetiya Осетия (Region) Bulgarian, Russian, Ukrainian, Persian, Azerbaijani, Korean
Bulgarian, Russian, Ukrainian, Persian, Azerbaijani, and Korean form of Ossetia.
Oymyakon Оймяко́н (Political Subdivision) Russian
named after the Oymyakon River, whose name reportedly comes from the Even word kheium, meaning "unfrozen patch of water; place where fish spend the winter" ... or the Even word heyum (hэjум) (kheium being a possible misspelling) means "frozen lake"
Palana Пала́на (Settlement & Body of Water) Russian
"having a Waterfall"
Palermo Палермо (Settlement) Italian, English, Dutch, Esperanto, Georgian, German, Greek, Maltese, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Turkish
From Latin Panormus, itself from Ancient Greek Πάνορμος (Pánormos), composed of the words πᾰν (pan, "all") and ὅρμος (hórmos, "port"), influenced by Arabic بَلَرْم‎ (balarm)... [more]
Panama Панама (Country) Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Belarusian, Bengali, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Burmese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Irish, Italian, Japanese, Kazakh, Khmer, Korean, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Lao, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek
From Spanish Panamá of uncertain meaning. It may be derived from the name of a tree commonly found in the area (genus Sterculia), from an indigenous word meaning "many butterflies", from Kuna bannaba meaning "distant, far away", or from a Guaraní word meaning "place of many fish"... [more]
Parfiya Парфия (Region) Russian, Ukrainian
Russian and Ukrainian form of Parthia.
Parizh Париж (Settlement) Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Russian, Uyghur
Form of Paris.
Parma Парма (Settlement) Italian, English, Ancient Roman, Catalan, German, Maltese, Spanish, Russian
From Latin Parma, itself from Etruscan parme, of uncertain meaning. This is the name of a city in northern Italy.
Pavlodar Павлодар (Settlement) Kazakh, Russian, English
Derived from the name of Pavel Alexandrovich, a former Grand Duke of Russia. The city was originally named Koryakovsky before Pavel's birth. Pavlodar is a northeastern city in Kazakhstan.
Petrograd Петроград (Political Subdivision & Region) Russian
The name of Saint Petersburg during 1914 to 1924. Saint Petersburg's name was changed to this to avoid German connotations, as burg is a common German suffix meaning "fortress, fortification, castle" and sankt meaning saint... [more]
Petropavlovsk-kamchatsky Петропа́вловск-Камча́тский (Political Subdivision) Russian
the city of "Peter" and "Paul" in Kamchatka
Pevek Певе́к (Political Subdivision) Russian
either "Swollen-" or "Smelly Mountain"
Pirenei Пиренеи (Mountain) Bulgarian, Italian, Russian
Bulgarian, Italian and Russian form of Pyrenees.
Pkhenyan Пхеньян (Settlement) Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Russian, Tajik, Ukrainian
Form of Pyongyang.
Pkhuket Пхукет (Political Subdivision, Settlement & Island) Belarusian, Kazakh, Russian, Ukrainian
Belarusian, Kazakh, Russian, and Ukrainian form of Phuket.
Pnompen Пномпень (Settlement) Armenian, Azerbaijani, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Mongolian, Russian, Tajik, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Form of Phnom Penh used in various languages.
Polineziya Полинезия (Region) Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Russian, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Form of Polynesia.
Rangun Рангун (Settlement) Armenian, German, Hungarian, Kyrgyz, Polish, Russian, Serbian
Form of Yangon.
Reyn Рейн (River) Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Russian, Ukrainian
Form of Rhine.
Riga Рига (Settlement) English, Russian
From Latvian Rīga, origin disputed. It may be derived from Livonian ringa meaning "loop", referring to an ancient harbor formed by the tributary loop of the Daugava river, from Riege, the German name of the Rīdzene (a tributary of the Daugava), or from Latvian rija meaning "threshing barn"... [more]
Rodeziya Родезия (Country) Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Russian, Ukrainian
Form of Rhodesia.
Sabakh Сабах (Political Subdivision) Belarusian, Kazakh, Russian, Ukrainian
Belarusian, Kazakh, Russian and Ukrainian form of Sabah.
Sakha Саха (Political Subdivision) Yakut, Russian
From the name of the Sakha (Yakut) people, which is derived from Turkic jaka meaning "collar, edge". This is the name of a Russian federal republic also known as Yakutia.
Sakhalin Сахалин (Island) Russian, English
Derived from Manchu sahaliyan meaning "black". A misconception of the original Manchu word led to the present name. "Sahaliyan Ula" is also the Manchu name for the Amur River. Sakhalin Island is an island in the Far East of Russia, right above Japan.
Salekhard Салеха́рд (Settlement) Russian
"House on a Peninsula”
Samariya Самария (Region) Bulgarian, Russian, Ukrainian
Bulgarian, Russian and Ukrainian form of Samaria.
Sankt-Peterburg Санкт-Петербург (Settlement) Russian
Russian form of Saint Petersburg.
Saravak Саравак (Political Subdivision) Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Indian, Hindi, Macedonian, Russian, Serbian, Turkish, Ukrainian
Form of Sarawak.
Sardiniya Сардиния (Region & Island) Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Kazakh, Russian, Tajik, Uzbek
Form of Sardinia.
Sarmatiya Сарматия (Region) Bulgarian, Russian, Ukrainian
Bulgarian, Russian and Ukrainian form of Sarmatia.
Saudovskaya Araviya Саудовская Аравия (Country) Russian
Russian form of Saudi Arabia.
Savo Саво (Political Subdivision) Finnish, Dutch, Estonian, German, Italian, Russian
Finnish form of Savonia, which some countries have adopted as their name for the Finnish historical province.
Sebu Себу (Political Subdivision, Settlement & Island) Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Japanese, Korean, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Mongolian, Serbian, Russian, Tatar, Thai, Ukrainian
Form of Cebu.
Seul Сеул (Settlement) Belarusian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Italian, Kazakh, Macedonian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovene, Turkish, Ukrainian
Variant of Seoul used in several languages.
Severnaya Zemlya (Region) Russian
"Northern Land"
Seyshely Сейшелы (Country) Belarusian, Russian, Ukrainian
Belarusian, Russian, and Ukrainian form of Seychelles.
Shankhay Шанхай (Settlement) Belarusian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Mongolian, Russian, Tajik, Ukrainian
Form of Shanghai.
Shenchzhen Шэньчжэнь (Settlement) Belarusian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Russian, Ukrainian
Form of Shenzhen.
Shotlandiya Шотландия (Country) Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Russian, Tajik, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Form of Scotland.
Shrividzhaya Шривиджая (Country) Bulgarian, Russian, Ukrainian
Bulgarian, Russian and Ukrainian form of Srivijaya.
Shymkent Шымкент (Settlement) Kazakh, Russian
From Kazakh шым (shym) meaning "sod, turf, meadow" and кент (kent) meaning "town". This is the name of a city in Kazakhstan.
Siam Сиам (Country) Afrikaans, Armenian, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Khmer, Korean, Kyrgyz, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From Portuguese Sciam, which was derived from Thai สยาม (sayam) of debated origin. The name may have come from Pali suvaṇṇabhūmi meaning "land of gold", Sanskrit श्याम (shyama) meaning "dark, black, blue" or Mon ရာမည (ramanya) meaning "stranger"... [more]
Sinay Синай (Region & Mountain) Bulgarian, Russian
Bulgarian and Russian form of Sinai.
Sintszyan Синьцзян (Political Subdivision & Region) Azerbaijani, Russian, Ukrainian
Azerbaijani, Russian, and Ukrainian form of Xinjiang.
Sitsiliya Сицилия (Political Subdivision & Island) Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Russian
Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, and Russian form of Sicily.
Slovakiya Словакия (Country) Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Russian, Tajik, Uzbek
Form of Slovakia.
Sochi (Settlement) Russian
Sofiya София (Settlement) Bulgarian, Azerbaijani, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Russian, Tajik, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Form of Sofia.
Sortobe Сортобе (Settlement) Kazakh, Russian, English, Ukrainian
Meaning uncertain, possibly of Dungan origin. This is the name of a town in southern Kazakhstan.
Soviet Union Советский союз (Country) Russian, English
The word Soviet is derived from Russian совет (sovet), meaning "council, assembly, advice, harmony, concord". This was the name of a federal socialist and communist state that existed from 1922 to 1991, at which time it split into 15 countries - Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Georgia 1, Azerbaijan, Lithuania, Moldova, Latvia, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Armenia, Turkmenistan and Estonia.
Srednekolymsk Среднеколы́мск (Political Subdivision) Russian
"mid-high river"
Stambul Стамбул (Settlement) Armenian, Belarusian, Kyrgyz, Mongolian, Russian, Turkmen, Ukrainian
Form of Istanbul.
Staraya Russa Старая Русса (Settlement) Russian
Staraya Russa is a town in Novgorod Oblast, Russia, located on the Polist River.
Sudety Судеты (Mountain) Czech, Polish, Russian, Slovak, Ukrainian
Form of Sudetes.
Sukhum Сухум (Settlement) Armenian, English, Indonesian, Kyrgyz, Ossetian, Russian
Form of Sukhumi used in various languages as well as an English variant.
Sulavesi Сулавеси (Political Subdivision & Island) Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Georgian, Kazakh, Russian, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Form of Sulawesi.
Sulu Сулу (Political Subdivision, Region & Body of Water) Filipino, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Arabic, Azerbaijani, Chinese, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek
From Suluk, the Malay name for the Tausug people, in turn derived from Tausug Tau Sūg meaning "people of the current", from tau meaning "man, person" and sūg meaning "(sea) current, flow of water"... [more]
Suntar Сунта́р (Political Subdivision) Russian
"goodness, obedient"
Surinam Суринам (Country) Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dhivehi, English, Hindi, Kazakh, Korean, Kyrgyz, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Maltese, Mongolian, Nepali, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tajik, Thai, Turkish, Turkmen, Urdu, Uyghur, Uzbek
English variant of Suriname as well as the standard name for the country in several languages.
Sychuan Сычуань (Political Subdivision) Belarusian, Kazakh, Mongolian, Russian
Form of Sichuan.
Tadzhikistan Таджикистан (Country) Bulgarian, Russian
Bulgarian and Russian form of Tajikistan.
Talinka Талинка (Settlement) Russian
Taranto Таранто (Settlement) Italian, English, Armenian, Bulgarian, Finnish, Georgian, Romanian, Russian
From Latin Tarentum, itself from Ancient Greek Τάρᾱς (Tárās), itself probably derived from Illyrian *darandos, meaning "oak". This is the name of a city in southern Italy.
Tashkent Ташкент (Settlement) English, Russian
From Uzbek Toshkent meaning "stone city", from tosh meaning "stone" combined with Turkic kend meaning "city". This is the name of the capital city of Uzbekistan.
Tatarstan Татарстан (Political Subdivision) Tatar, Russian
From the ethnic name татар (tatar) combined with the Persian suffix ستان (stan) meaning "land of". The ethnic name is of uncertain origin, though it is believed to be derived from tata, an endonym for the Mongols... [more]
Tayvan Тайвань (Country & Island) Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Russian, Turkish, Ukrainian
Form of Taiwan.
Tbilisi Тбилиси (Settlement) Georgian, English, Russian
Derived from Georgian თბილი (tbili) meaning "warm", given in reference to the area's sulfuric hot springs. This is the name of the capital city of Georgia (the country).
Tegeran Тегеран (Settlement) Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Mongolian, Russian
Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Mongolian and Russian form of Tehran.
Tkhimpkhu Тхимпху (Settlement) Belarusian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Mongolian, Russian, Tajik, Ukrainian
Form of Thimphu.
Togo Того (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Burmese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Korean, Latvian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Means "land where lagoons lie" from Ewe to meaning "water" and go meaning "shore". Togo, officially the Togolese Republic, is a country in West Africa bordered by Ghana to the west, Benin to the east and Burkina Faso to the north.
Tom Томь (River) Russian
"River" or "Dark"
Tombuktu Томбукту (Settlement) Georgian, Russian
Georgian and Russian form of Timbuktu.
Tomsk Томск (Settlement) Russian
"Town" on the Tom River
Tortyu Тортю (Island) Russian
Russian form of Tortuga.
Transilvaniya Трансильвания (Region) Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Russian, Uzbek
Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Russian, and Uzbek form of Transylvania.
Tripolitaniya Триполитания (Region) Bulgarian, Russian
Bulgarian and Russian form of Tripolitania.
Troya Троя (Settlement) Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Russian, Spanish, Turkish, Ukrainian
Form of Troy.
Tunis Тунис (Country & Settlement) Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hebrew, Hindi, Indonesian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Russian, Serbian, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uyghur, Uzbek
Meaning uncertain, possibly from the Tamazight root ens meaning "to lie down, to pass the night" or from the name of the Phoenician goddess Tanith... [more]
Turin Турин (Settlement) English, French, German, Piedmontese, Russian
From Latin Augusta Taurinorum, itself from Taurini, the name of a tribe. This is the name of the capital city of Piedmont, in northern Italy.
Turkmenistan Туркменистан (Country) Afrikaans, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Faroese, Finnish, German, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovene, Swedish, Filipino, Tagalog, Ukrainian
From Turkmen Türkmenistan, which is from the name of the Turkmen people combined with the Persian suffix ستان (stan) meaning "land of". The ethnic name is believed by some to mean "resembling a Turk" or "co-Turk", from the name of the Turkic peoples combined with the Sogdian suffix -myn or -men... [more]
Turkmeniya Туркмения (Country) Russian
Russian form of Turkmenistan.
Tuva Тува (Political Subdivision) Russian
From Tuvan Тыва (Tyva), itself from the name of the Tuvan people, which is of uncertain meaning. This is the name of a federal subject of Russia.
Tyva Тыва (Political Subdivision) Tuvan, Russian
Tuvan and Russian form of Tuva.
Udmurtiya Удмуртия (Political Subdivision) Udmurt, Russian
Udmurt and Russian form of Udmurtia.
Ufa Уфа (Settlement & River) Russian
From Bashkir Өфө (Ofo), which is of uncertain origin and meaning, possibly derived from the Iranian root ap meaning "water". This is the name of the capital city of the Russian republic of Bashkortostan as well a river that runs through the Ural Mountains.
Ukhan Ухань (Settlement) Belarusian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Mongolian, Russian, Ukrainian
Form of Wuhan.
Ulan-Ude Улан-Удэ (Settlement) Russian
From Buryat Улаан-Үдэ (Ulaan-Ude) meaning "red Uda", derived from Buryat улаан (ulaan) meaning "red" and Үдэ (Ude) referring to the Uda River. The name was originally given to reflect the Soviet Union's communist ideology... [more]
Uoshington Уошингтон (Settlement) Russian
Russian form ofWashington
Urumchi Урумчи (Settlement) Uyghur, Armenian, Bulgarian, Chechen, Chuvash, Georgian, Hindi, Lezgin, Ossetian, Russian, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek
Uyghur alternate transcription of Ürümchi as well as the form of Ürümqi used in various languages.
Ust-ilimsk Усть-Илимск (Political Subdivision) Russian
"City" at the "Mouth" of the Ilim River
Varshava Варшава (Settlement) Armenian, Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Russian, Tajik, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Form of Warsaw.
Vatikan Ватикан (Country) Azerbaijani, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Estonian, Indonesian, Macedonian, Malay, Russian, Serbian, Slovene, Turkish
Form of Vatican, which is one of the names commonly used to refer to Vatican City.