Russian Submitted Place Names

Russian names are used in the country of Russia and in Russian-speaking communities throughout the world. See also about Russian names.
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Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
ABAKAN Абакан (Settlement & River) Russian, English
Derived from the name Abakhan which is the name of a mythological Turkish khan (king). His name means "bear's blood" in the Khakas language, and was bestowed to the present-day Abakan River and the city of the same name... [more]
ABKHAZIYA Абхазия (Country) Russian, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Ukrainian
Russian, Belarusian, Bulgarian, and Ukrainian form of ABKHAZIA.
ADYGEYA Адыгея (Political Subdivision) Russian, Belarusian
Russian and Belarusian form of ADYGEA.
AKADIYA Акадия (Region) Bulgarian, Russian
Bulgarian and Russian form of Acadia.
ALMATY Алматы (Settlement) Kazakh, Russian, English, Belarusian, French, German, Italian, Portuguese
Meaning uncertain, possibly from Kazakh алма (alma) meaning "apple". This is the name of the largest city in Kazakhstan.
ALTAI Алтай (Political Subdivision & Mountain) English, Mongolian, Russian, Altai, Kazakh
Combination of Mongolian алт (alt) meaning "gold" and тай (tay) meaning "with" (wholly meaning "the mountain with gold"). The Altai Republic is a federal subject north of Mongolia in Russia... [more]
ALTAY Алтай (Political Subdivision & Mountain) Russian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz
Russian, Kazakh, and Kyrgyz form of ALTAI.
ARKADIYA Аркадия (Political Subdivision & Region) Bulgarian, Russian, Ukrainian
Bulgarian, Russian and Ukrainian form of ARCADIA.
ASTANA Астана (Settlement) Kazakh, Russian, English, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Dutch, French, German, Greek, Kyrgyz, Polish, Portuguese, Serbian, Ukrainian
Means "capital city" in Kazakh, ultimately from Persian آستانه (âstâne). This was the name of the capital city of Kazakhstan, which is now called Nur-Sultan.
BAIKAL Байкал (Body of Water) Russian, English
Derived from Mongolian Байгал нуур (Baygal nuur) meaning "nature lake"; from Mongolian байгалө (baigalö) "nature" and нуур (nuur) "lake". Lake Baikal is a rift lake in SIBERIA of RUSSIA and the largest freshwater lake in the world.
BAKU Баку (Settlement) English, Russian, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Danish, Finnish, German, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Serbian, Swedish, Ukrainian
From Persian باکو (bâku) which is of uncertain meaning. One popular etymology suggests that it means "wind-pounded city" from Persian باد (bâd) meaning "wind" and کوبیدن (kubidan) meaning "to pound, to beat" (given in reference to the area's storms and high winds)... [more]
BALI Бали (Island & Political Subdivision) Indonesian, Balinese, Acehnese, Javanese, Minangkabau, Sundanese, English, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Portuguese, Russian, Serbian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu
From Sanskrit बलि (bali) meaning "offering, tribute". This is the name of an island province in Indonesia.
BASHKIRIYA Башкирия (Political Subdivision) Russian
Russian form of BASHKIRIA.
BASHKORTOSTAN Башкортостан (Political Subdivision) Russian, English, Ukrainian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Tatar
From Bashkir Башҡортостан (Bashqortostan) from the Bashkir endonym башҡорт (bashqort) combined with the Persian suffix -ستان (-stan) meaning "land of". The ethnic name is most likely derived from Turkic baš meaning "head, leader" and kurt meaning "wolf"... [more]
BISHKEK Бишкек (Settlement) Kyrgyz, Russian, English, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Indonesian, Kazakh, Macedonian, Malay, Persian, Tajik, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Meaning uncertain. One theory suggests that it comes from a word meaning "whorl, whisk" in Kyrgyz, referring to a tool used to prepare kumis (a dairy product). It could also mean "five heights" from Kyrgyz беш (besh) meaning "five" and бийик (biyik) meaning "tall, high" or "five chiefs" from беш (besh) meaning "five" and the Turkish title beg meaning "chieftain, master"... [more]
BURUNDI Бурунди (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Breton, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Faroese, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian
The name of the Country in East Africa. Burundi, officially the Republic of Burundi, is a landlocked country in the African Great Lakes region of East Africa, bordered by Rwanda to the north, Tanzania to the east and south, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west.
BURYATIYA Бурятия (Political Subdivision) Russian
Russian form of BURYATIA.
CHECHNYA Чечня (Political Subdivision) Russian, English
From Russian Чечня (Chechnya) meaning "(place) of the Chechens", which is ultimately from the name of the Chechen people (natively called Nokhchi). The exonym is of uncertain meaning, with Russian folk etymologies suggesting that it originates from the name of a village; on the other hand, it may be derived from the Kabardian exonym Шашан (Shashan)... [more]
CHERKESIYA Черкесия (Region) Russian
Russian form of CIRCASSIA.
CHUKOTKA Чукотка (Political Subdivision) Russian, English
Derived from the Russian name Чукчи (Chukchi), referring to the native people who originally inhabited the area. The word Chukchi is derived from Chukchi Chauchu meaning "rich in reindeer", used by the Reindeer Chukchi people to distinguish themselves from the Maritime Chukchi (the Anqallyt meaning "sea people")... [more]
CHUVASHIYA Чувашия (Political Subdivision) Russian, Bulgarian, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Russian, Bulgarian, and Uzbek form of CHUVASHIA.
DAGESTAN Дагестан (Political Subdivision) Russian, English, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, German, Norwegian, Polish, Serbian, Swedish, Ukrainian
From Russian Дагестан (Dagestan), which is from Turkish dağ meaning "mountain" combined with the Persian suffix -ستان (-stan) meaning "land of". This is the name of a republic in southern Russia.
DZHAKARTA Джакарта (Settlement) Russian, Bulgarian, Ukrainian, Belarusian
Russian, Bulgarian, Ukrainian, and Belarusian form of JAKARTA.
EVFRAT Евфрат (River) Slovene, Russian
Slovenian form of EUPHRATES and Russian variant transcription of YEVFRAT.
EVROPA Европа (Region) Albanian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Czech, Macedonian, Russian, Serbian, Slovene
Form of Europa (see EUROPE) as well as a Russian variant transcription of YEVROPA.
GALILEYA Галилея (Region) Bulgarian, Russian, Ukrainian
Bulgarian, Russian and Ukrainian form of GALILEE.
GRETSIA Греция (Country) Russian
Russian variant transcription of Gretsiya which is Russian form of GREECE.
GROZNY Грозный (Settlement) Russian, English, Dutch, French
Means "formidable, menacing, fearsome" in Russian. This is the name of the capital city of Chechnya, a republic in southern Russia.
IERUSALIM Иерусалим (Settlement) Romanian, Russian
Romanian and Russian form of JERUSALEM.
INDONEZIYA Индонезия (Country) Russian, Bulgarian, Ukrainian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Uzbek, Tajik, Tatar, Bashkir
Form of INDONESIA.
INGUSHETIYA Ингушетия (Political Subdivision) Russian, Bulgarian, Kazakh, Tatar, Persian
Russian, Bulgarian, Kazakh, Tatar, and Persian form of INGUSHETIA.
IUDEYA Иудея (Region) Russian
Russian form of Iudaea (see Judea).
KABARDINO-BALKARIYA Кабардино-Балкария (Political Subdivision) Russian
Russian form of KABARDINO-BALKARIA.
KALEDONIYA Каледония (Region) Bulgarian, Russian, Ukrainian
Bulgarian, Russian and Ukrainian form of Caledonia.
KALIMANTAN Калимантан (Island & Region) Indonesian, Malay, Acehnese, Balinese, Banjar, Buginese, Javanese, Minangkabau, Sundanese, English, Dutch, French, German, Italian, Russian, Spanish, Turkish
Means "burning weather (island)" from Sanskrit काल (kālá) meaning "time, season" and क्वथन (kvathana) meaning "boiling, churning". This is the name of the Indonesian portion of the island of Borneo, though it is used to refer to the entire island in Indonesian.
KARELIYA Карелия (Political Subdivision) Russian
Russian form of KARELIA.
KARFAGEN Карфаген (Settlement) Azerbaijani, Russian
Azerbaijani and Russian form of Carthage.
KAZAN Казань (Settlement) Tatar, Russian, English
Meaning disputed, although some sources say that the name of the city is derived from the Volga Bulgar and Tatar word qazan meaning "boiler" or "cauldron". Other sources say that it comes from the name of the Kazanka River or that it was named after the cauldron-shaped hill the city sits atop of... [more]
KELANTAN Келантан (Political Subdivision) Malay, English, Bulgarian, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian
Meaning uncertain, possibly from Malay gelam hutam referring to the cajeput tree, kilatan meaning "lightning, flash", or kolam tanah meaning "dirt pool". Alternatively, it may be from கோலம் (kōlam) the Tamil name for rangoli, an art form from the Indian subcontinent... [more]
KIDONIYA Кидония (Settlement) Bulgarian, Russian, Ukrainian
Bulgarian, Russian and Ukrainian form of Cydonia.
KIEV (Settlement) Ukrainian, Russian, Bulgarian, German, English
The name Kiev comes from a medieval legend about the founding of the city told by a Chronicler of Rus-Ukraine. It was three brothers, Kie, Shchek and Khoriv, and their sister Lebid, who were the founders.
KIRGIZSTAN Киргизстан (Country) Bulgarian, Indonesian, Russian, Yiddish
Bulgarian, Indonesian, Russian, and Yiddish form of KYRGYZSTAN.
KOMI Коми (Political Subdivision) English, Russian, Komi
Derived directly from the name Коми (Komi), referring to the native people of the region. The word Komi is a self-designation of the ethnic group, derived from a Finno-Ugric word for "man, human"... [more]
KORINF Коринф (Settlement) Russian
Russian form of Corinthus (see Corinth).
KRIT Крит (Political Subdivision & Island) Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Russian, Serbian
Form of Krete (see Crete).
KRYM Крым (Region) Russian, Ukrainian
Russian and Ukrainian form of CRIMEA.
LAKONIYA Лакония (Political Subdivision & Region) Bulgarian, Russian, Ukrainian
Bulgarian, Russian and Ukrainian form of LACONIA.
LUZITANIYA Лузитания (Political Subdivision & Region) Bulgarian, Russian, Ukrainian
Bulgarian, Russian and Ukrainian form of Lusitania.
MAKEDONIYA Македония (Region) Bulgarian, Russian, Ukrainian
Bulgarian, Russian and Ukrainian form of MACEDONIA.
MAKHACHKALA Махачкала (Settlement) Russian, English, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Ukrainian
From the given name MAKHACH combined with Kumyk къала (qala) meaning "fortress", named in honour of Magomed-Ali "Makhach" Dadaev (1882-1918), a Dagestani revolutionary... [more]
MANILA Манила (Settlement) English, Cebuano, Ilocano, Maranao, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Chinese, Croatian, German, Indonesian, Italian, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Serbian, Spanish, Ukrainian
From Tagalog Maynila which comes from the term may-nilà meaning "where indigo is found", ultimately from Sanskrit नील (nī́la) referring to the indigo plant. This is the name of the capital city of the Philippines.
MAYKOP Майкоп (Settlement) Russian, English, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Turkish, Ukrainian
From Adyghe Мыекъуапэ (Məeq°āpă) meaning "cape of apples", from мые (məe) meaning "apple" and къуапэ (q°āpă) meaning "cape, gorge, height". This is the name of the capital of Adygea, a republic in southern Russia.
MINDANAO Минданао (Island) Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, English, Spanish, French, Dutch, German, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Polish, Russian
From Spanish Maguindanao, a corruption of Magindanaw, the endonym of the Maguindanao people. The ethnic name means "people of the flood plains" or "people of the lake" from the word danao meaning "lake"... [more]
MOSKVA Москва (Settlement) Russian
Original Russian form of MOSCOW, which refers to the city as well as the Moskva River.
NEFTEKAMSK Нефтекамск (Settlement) Russian, English
Derived from Russian нефть (neft') meaning "oil, petroleum" and the name of the Kama River. Neftekamsk is a city in Russia and the Republic of Bashkortostan.
NOVAYA ZEMLYA Новая Земля (Island) Russian
From Russian новий (noviy) meaning "new" and земля (zemlya) meaning "land". Novaya Zemlya is an island in northern Russia.
NUR-SULTAN Нур-Султан (Settlement) Kazakh, Russian, English, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, German, Italian, Kyrgyz, Turkish, Ukrainian
From the given name NURSULTAN. This is the capital city of Kazakhstan, renamed in honour of former president Nursultan Nazarbayev (1940-)... [more]
ORDA Орда (Other) Russian
OSETIYA Осетия (Region) Bulgarian, Russian, Ukrainian, Persian, Azerbaijani, Korean
Bulgarian, Russian, Ukrainian, Persian, Azerbaijani, and Korean form of OSSETIA.
PARFIYA Парфия (Region) Russian, Ukrainian
Russian and Ukrainian form of Parthia.
PAVLODAR Павлодар (Settlement) Kazakh, Russian, English
Derived from the name of Pavel Alexandrovich, a former Grand Duke of Russia. The city was originally named Koryakovsky before Pavel's birth. Pavlodar is a northeastern city in Kazakhstan.
RESPUBLIKA SAKHA Республика Саха (Political Subdivision) Russian
Russian form of the Sakha Republic.
SAKHALIN Сахалин (Island) Russian, English
Derived from Manchu sahaliyan meaning "black". A misconception of the original Manchu word led to the present name. "Sahaliyan Ula" is also the Manchu name for the Amur River. Sakhalin Island is an island in the Far East of Russia, right above Japan.
SAMARIYA Самария (Region) Bulgarian, Russian, Ukrainian
Bulgarian, Russian and Ukrainian form of Samaria.
SANKT PETERBURG Санкт-Петербург (Settlement) Russian
Russian form of SAINT PETERSBURG.
SARMATIYA Сарматия (Region) Bulgarian, Russian, Ukrainian
Bulgarian, Russian and Ukrainian form of Sarmatia.
SAVO Саво (Political Subdivision) Finnish, Dutch, Estonian, German, Italian, Russian
Finnish form of Savonia, which some countries have adopted as their name for the Finnish historical province.
SHOTLANDIYA Шотландия (Country) Bulgarian, Russian, Ukrainian
Bulgarian, Russian and Ukrainian form of SCOTLAND.
SHYMKENT Шымкент (Settlement) Kazakh, English, Russian, Bashkir, Belarusian, Chechen, Indonesian, Mongolian, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish
From Kazakh шым (shym) meaning "sod, turf, meadow" and кент (kent) meaning "town". This is the name of a city in Kazakhstan.
SINAY Синай (Region & Mountain) Bulgarian, Russian
Bulgarian and Russian form of SINAI.
SORTOBE Сортобе (Settlement) Kazakh, Russian, English
Meaning unknown. Sortobe is a small settlement located near the border between Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan. The population consists mostly of Dungans, an ethnic group from China.
STARAYA RUSSA Старая Русса (Settlement) Russian
Staraya Russa is a town in Novgorod Oblast, Russia, located on the Polist River.
SULAVESI Сулавеси (Island) Russian, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bashkir, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Georgian, Kazakh, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Form of SULAWESI used in various languages.
SUMATRA Суматра (Island) Indonesian, Javanese, Sundanese, Acehnese, English, Bulgarian, Croatian, Dutch, French, German, Italian, Polish, Russian, Serbian, Spanish
From Sanskrit समुद्र (samudrá) meaning "sea, ocean". This is the name of an island in Indonesia.
SURABAYA Сурабая (Settlement) Javanese, Indonesian, Acehnese, Balinese, Minangkabau, Sundanese, English, Danish, French, German, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Malay, Norwegian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish
From Javanese ꦯꦸꦫꦧꦪ (shurabaya), derived from ꦯꦸꦫ (shura) meaning "white shark" and ꦧꦪ (baya) meaning "crocodile". The name comes from 12th-century Javanese monarch Jayabaya, who foresaw a fight between a white shark and crocodile (which might have been referring to a Mongol invasion of Java in the late 13th-century)... [more]
TADZHIKISTAN Таджикистан (Country) Russian
Russian form of TAJIKISTAN.
TALINKA Талинка (Settlement) Russian
TASHKENT Ташкент (Settlement) English, Russian
Derived from Turkic tash meaning "stone" and kent meaning "city"; literally means "stone city". Tashkent is the capital of the Central Asian country of Uzbekistan.
TATARSTAN Татарстан (Political Subdivision) Tatar, Russian, English, Bashkir, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Danish, French, Finnish, German, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Serbian, Swedish, Ukrainian
From the ethnic name татар (tatar) combined with the Persian suffix -ستان (-stan) meaning "land of". The ethnic name is of uncertain origin, though it is believed to be derived from tata, an endonym for the Mongols... [more]
TRIPOLITANIYA Триполитания (Region) Bulgarian, Russian
Bulgarian and Russian form of Tripolitania.
TROYA Троя (Settlement) Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Russian, Spanish, Turkish, Ukrainian
Form of TROY.
TUNIS Тунис (Settlement & Country) English, Arabic, Croatian, Russian, Bulgarian, Serbian, Azerbaijani, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Uzbek, Tajik, Armenian
Derived from the name تُونِس (tūnis), of disputed meaning. One theory suggests Berber origin from the Tamazight root ⵜⵏⵙ (tns) meaning "to lay down" or "encampment" or ens meaning "to lie down, to pass the night", Others state that the name is from TANITH, the name of a Phoenician goddess, or from Tynes, the name of an ancient city... [more]
TYVA Тыва (Political Subdivision) Russian, Tuvan
Russian and Tuvan form of TUVA.
UFA Уфа (Settlement) Russian, English
Meaning unknown. It could possibly be derived from Turkic ufak meaning "small", uba meaning "hill" (possibly a reference to a hill it sits atop of), up meaning "water" in Persian, or from the name of Bashkir tribe, upai... [more]
UKRAINA Украина (Country) Ukrainian, Russian
Ukrainian and Russian form of UKRAINE.
ULAN-UDE Улан-Удэ (Settlement) Russian, English
Means "red Uda" in Buryat, referring to communism (red) and the Uda River. It was formerly called Udinskoye, Udinsk, and Verkhneudinsk. Ulan-Ude is a city in Russia and the capital of the Russian federal subject of Buryatia.
VAVILON Вавилон (Settlement) Bulgarian, Macedonian, Russian, Serbian
Bulgarian, Macedonian, Russian and Serbian form of BABYLON.
VIFLEEM Вифлеем (Settlement) Russian
Russian form of BETHLEHEM.
VLADIKAVKAZ Владикавказ (Settlement) Russian, English, Bulgarian, Dutch, French, Italian, Macedonian, Portuguese, Serbian, Ukrainian
Means "ruler of the Caucasus" from Russian владеть (vladet) meaning "to own, to possess, to control" and Кавказ (Kavkaz) meaning "Caucasus"... [more]
VOLGA Волга (River) English, Russian
English and Russian name for the largest river in Europe. The Old Mari name of the river is Volgydo, which means "bright". The name volgydo is cognate to Finno-Ugric valkea meaning "white" or "bright"... [more]
YAKUTIYA Якутия (Political Subdivision) Russian
Russian form of YAKUTIA.
YEVFRAT Евфрат (River) Russian
Russian form of EUPHRATES.
YEVROPA Европа (Region) Russian, Ukrainian
Russian and Ukrainian form of Europa (see EUROPE).
YOSHKAR-OLA Йошкар-Ола (Settlement) English, Russian, Mari
Means "red city" in Mari. The city was formerly named Tsaryovokokshaysk and Krasnokokshaysk. Yoshkar-Ola is a city in Russia and the capital city of the Russian republic of Mari El.
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