Indigenous American Submitted Place Names

These names are or were used by the various indigenous peoples who inhabit North and South America.
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Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
AKAMI UAPISHKᵁ KAKKASUAK MEALY (Other) Inuit, English
National park in LABRADOR, CANADA. 'Akami−Uapishkᵁ' is an Innu name for the area, meaning "white mountain cross", and 'KakKasuak' means "mountain" in Inuttitut... [more]
ALGOMA (Region) Algonquin
Region in ONTARIO, CANADA. Created name by Henry Rowe Schoolcraft. The 'al' is from "Algonquin", the the 'goma' is from the word 'gomee', meaning "water".
AMERRISQUE (Mountain) Mayan
Amerrique is the Indian name of the mountains between Juigalpa and Libertad in Chontales Department in NICARAGUA; these mountains separate Lake Nicaragua from the Mosquito Coast... [more]
ANAMOOSE (Settlement) Ojibwe
City in NORTH DAKOTA. From the Ojibwe word 'uhnemoosh', meaning "female dog".
ATHABASCA (Settlement, Other, Body of Water & Mountain) Cree (Anglicized)
Name of numerous towns, lakes, rivers, a glacier, and a mountain, in CANADA, primarily in the province of ALBERTA... [more]
ATTAWAPISKAT (River & Settlement) Cree
River and town in ONTARIO, CANADA. From the Attawapiskat people, meaning "people of the parting of the rocks], or Āhtawāpiskatowi ininiwak.
AULAVIK (Other) Inuit
National park in the NORTHWEST TERRITORIES, CANADA. From the Inuvialuktun language, meaning "place where people travel".
AUYUITTUQ (Other) Inuit
National park in NUNAVUT, CANADA. Meaning "the land that never melts", in Inuktitut.
AYUHWASI (Settlement) Cherokee
Ayuhwasi, meaning "savanna" or "large meadow". The name has been applied to several entities past and present in the U.S. states of Georgia, North Carolina, and Tennessee
BELLA BELLA (Settlement) Salishan
Town in BRITISH COLUMBIA, CANADA. Named after the Bella Bella people, also known as the Heiltsuk.
BELLA COOLA (Region & Settlement) Salishan (Anglicized)
Town and valley in BRITISH COLUMBIA, CANADA. From the Heiltsuk word bḷ́xʷlá, meaning "someone from Bella Coola", referring to the general ethnic group in the area
CELILO (Body of Water) Native American
Means: echo of falling water. A famous waterfall used as a Native American fishing ground.
CHILCOTIN (Region) Cree (Anglicized)
From the Chilcotin (Tsilhqot'in) people of BRITISH COLUMBIA, CANADA. Means "people of the red ochre river", after the CHILKO river.
CHILKO (River) Cree (Anglicized)
Name of a river in BRITISH COLUMBIA, CANADA. From the Chilcotin (Tsilhqot'in) word tŝilhqóx, meaning "the red ochre river".
CUZCO (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Incan (Hispanicized), Quechua (Hispanicized), Spanish (Archaic)
Traditional spelling of Cusco, a city in Peru which was the capital of the Inca Empire. Cusco is the Hispanicized form of Quechua Qusqu meaning "rock, boundary stone; heap of earth and stones; nucleus; navel; bed, dry bed of a lake".
DILHI (Settlement) Arabic, Quechua
Arabic and Quechua form of DELHI.
ETOBICOKE (Settlement) Iroquois (Anglicized), Algonquin (Anglicized)
From the Mississagua name for the area, wah-do-be-kang (wadoopikaang), and means "the place where alders grow". Anglicized by Augustus Jones as 'ato-be-coake', but adopted by John Graves Simcoe as 'Etobicoke' in 1795.
GWAII HAANAS (Other) Haida
National park in BRITISH COLUMBIA, CANADA. The name is X̱aayda kíl, or Haida, and means "islands of beauty.
IQALUIT (Settlement) Inuit
Iqaluit is the capital of the Canadian territory, Nunavut. ... [more]
IVVAVIK (Other) Inuit
National park in YUKON, CANADA. Meaning "birthplace" or "nursery" in Inuvialuktun.
KALISPELL (Other) Salishan (Rare)
The name Kalispell is a Salishan (Salish) word meaning "flat land above the lake". Kalispell is also the gateway to Glacier National Park.
KAMLOOPS (Settlement) Salishan (Anglicized)
From the Shuswap word Tk'emlúps, meaning "where the rivers meet"
KEJIMKUJIK (Other & Body of Water) Mi'kmaq
Lake and national park in CANADA. From Mi'kmaq, meaning "attempting to escape", or "swollen waters", or "tired muscles".
KELOWNA (Settlement) Salishan
Name of a large town in BRITISH COLUMBIA, from the Okanagan word kelowna, meaning "grizzly bear"
KLUANE (Other) Cree
National park in YUKON, CANADA. The name comes from the Southern Tutchone language.
KOOTENAY (Other) Salishan (Anglicized)
National park in BRITISH COLUMBIA, CANADA. The name is derived from the Kutenai people of the area. Their name either means "to eat lean meat', or "to go out into the open".
KOUCHIBOUGUAC (River & Other) Mi'kmaq
National park and river in NEW BRUNSWICK, CANADA. Meaning "river of the long tides" in Mi'kmaq.
KUNGHIT (Island) Haida
Southernmost island in GWAII HAANAS, BRITISH COLUMBIA, CANADA... [more]
MANITOULIN (Island & Region) Ojibwe (Francized), Ojibwe (Anglicized)
Island and region of ONTARIO, CANADA. From the Ojibwe word Manidoowaaling, meaning "cave of the spirit", named for an underwater cave where a powerful spirit lived... [more]
MISSISSAUGA (Region) Ojibwe (Anglicized)
From the Anishinaabe word misi-zaagiing, meaning "Those at the Great River Mouth". Name of the Mississauga tribe, and now a name of a Toronto suburb. Closely related to the Ojibwe word misswezahging, mean "river of many outlets".
MISSOULA (Settlement) Salishan (Anglicized)
City in MONTANA, UNITED STATES. From the Salish word 'nmesuletkw', meaning "place of frozen water".
MUSKOKA (Political Subdivision) Ojibwe (?)
NÁÁTS'IHCH'OH (Other) Chipewyan
National Park in NORTHWEST TERRITORIES, CANADA. Means "stands like a porcupine" in Dene.
NAHANNI (River & Other) Chipewyan
River and national park in NORTHWEST TERRITORIES, CANADA. From the Dene name for the area, 'Nahʔa Dehé', which means "river of the land of the Nahʔa people".
NIAGARA (Body of Water, Settlement & Region) Iroquois
Name of a popular waterfall, a town, and region, in CANADA. Derived from the Iroquois word Onguiaahra, meaning either "the strait", or "bisected bottom lands"
NIPIGON (River & Settlement) Ojibwe
Town and river in ONTARIO, CANADA. From the Ojibwe word Alimipigon, possibly meaning "where the water begins".
NIPISSING (Body of Water & Settlement) Algonquin
Lake and town in ONTARIO, CANADA. From the Algonquin word meaning "big water"
NUNATSIAVUT (Region) Inuit
Region in LABRADOR, CANADA. Means "our beautiful land" in Inuttitut.
NUNAVIK (Region) Inuit
Region of QUEBEC, CANADA. From the Inuit word nunavik meaning "great land".
NUNAVUT (Political Subdivision) Native American, Inuit, English, French
Means "our land" in Inuktitut. This is the name of a territory of Canada.
OKA (Settlement) Mohawk
Unknown meaning. Name of town in QUEBEC
OKANAGAN (Region & Body of Water) Salishan
Region and lake in CANADA, named after the Okanagan people. Means "the people living where you can see the top", due to the many mountains in the area.
OMAHA (Settlement) Sioux
:Siouan people of northeastern Nebraska, 1804, Maha, perhaps from Omaha umaha, perhaps literally "upstream (people), against the flow." The Nebraska city was founded in 1854.
OSOYOOS (Other) Salishan
Name of CANADA's only desert, in BRITISH COLUMBIA. From the Okanagan word sẁiẁs, meaning "narrowing of the waters" .
OTTAWA (Settlement) Algonquin (Anglicized)
Capital of CANADA. From the Algonquin word adawe meaning "trade".
PENTICTON (Settlement) Salishan (Anglicized)
Town in BRITISH COLUMBIA, CANADA. From the Okanagan word snpintktn or phthauntauc, meaning "a place to stay forever".
PUKASKWA (Other & River) Ojibwe
National park and river in ONTARIO, CANADA. May be from the Ojibwe word 'pukasu', meaning "to cook the marrow in the bones of animals", or "eaters of fish"... [more]
QAUSUITTUQ (Other) Inuit
National park in NUNAVUT, CANADA. Meaning "the place where the sun does not rise] in Inuktitut.
QUTTINIRPAAQ (Other) Inuit
National park in NUNAVUT, CANADA. Means "the top of the world" in Inuktitut, as it is the northernmost national park in Canada, and the second in the world.
SAUGEEN (River & Political Subdivision) Ojibwe (Anglicized)
Town and river in ONTARIO, CANADA. From the Ojibwe 'zaagiing', and means "at the river's outlet" or "at the mouth of the river".
SIRMILIK (Other) Inuit
National park in NUNAVUT, CANADA. Means "place of glaciers", in Inuktitut.
THAIDENE NËNÉ (Other) Chipewyan
National park in NORTHWEST TERRITORIES, CANADA. From the Dene language, meaning "land of our ancestors".
TOPANGA (Settlement) Native American
Topanga is a community in western Los Angeles County, California, United States located in the Santa Monica mountains. The name is given by the Native American indigenous Tongva tribe, and may mean "where the mountain meets the sea" or "a place above".
TORNGAT (Mountain & Other) Inuit (Anglicized)
Mountain range and national park in CANADA. Meaning "place of spirits" from the Inuit word 'tongait'.
TUKTUT NOGAIT (Other) Inuit
National park in NORTHWEST TERRITORIES, CANADA. Means "young caribou" in Inuvialuktun.
UKKUSIKSALIK (Other) Inuit
National park in NUNAVUT, CANADA. From Inuktitut, meaning "where there is material for the stone pot", from the word 'ukkusik', meaning "pot" or "saucepan".
VUNTUT (Other) Cree
National park in YUKON, CANADA. Meaning "among the lakes" in Gwich'in.
WAPUSK (Other) Cree
National park in MANITOBA, CANADA. From the Cree word for polar bear, 'wâpask'.
WAUSAU (Region & Settlement) Native American (Latinized, Rare)
Term used in many Native American languages with varying similar meanings such as "to see from a distance" or "to hear from a distance." It was the Native American name for a valley in central Wisconsin that is still refered to as such by locals... [more]
WAWA (Settlement & Body of Water) Ojibwe
Name of a town and lake in ONTARIO, CANADA. From the Ojibwe wording wewe, meaning "wild goose"
XAYMACA (Country & Island) Taíno
Taíno form of JAMAICA.
YOHO (Other) Cree
Name of a national park in BRITISH COLUMBIA, CANADA. The name is from a Cree expression of wonder.
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