Indigenous American Submitted Place Names

These names are or were used by the various indigenous peoples who inhabit North and South America.
Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
Afgansuyu (Country) Quechua
Quechua form of Afghanistan
Akami Uapishkᵁ Kakkasuak Mealy (Other) Inuit, English
National park in Labrador, Canada. 'Akami−Uapishkᵁ' is an Innu name for the area, meaning "white mountain cross", and 'KakKasuak' means "mountain" in Inuttitut... [more]
Algoma (Region) Algonquin
Region in Ontario, Canada. Created name by Henry Rowe Schoolcraft. The 'al' is from "Algonquin", the the 'goma' is from the word 'gomee', meaning "water".
Aljííya (Country) Navajo
Navajo form of Algeria
Allegheny (Body of Water) Lenape
The name Allegheny may come from Lenape welhik hane or oolikhanna, which means 'best flowing river of the hills' or 'beautiful stream', and from a Lenape account of an ancient mythical tribe called "Allegewi", who lived along the river before being taken over by the Lenape.
Alvqueniya (Country) Cherokee
Cherokee form of Albania
Amerrisque (Mountain) Mayan
Amerrique is the Indian name of the mountains between Juigalpa and Libertad in Chontales Department in Nicaragua; these mountains separate Lake Nicaragua from the Mosquito Coast... [more]
Anamoose (Settlement) Ojibwe
City in North Dakota. From the Ojibwe word 'uhnemoosh', meaning "female dog".
Andówa (Country) Navajo
Navajo form of Andorra
Angóola (Country) Navajo
Navajo form of Angola
Anidola (Country) Cherokee
Cherokee form of Andorra
Anidvtsi (Country) Cherokee
Cherokee form of Germany
Arminya (Country) Quechua
Quechua form of Armenia
Asarsuyu (Country) Quechua
Quechua form of Azerbaijan
Asiliquasani (Country) Cherokee
Cherokee form of Azerbaijan
Athabasca (Settlement, Other, Body of Water & Mountain) Cree (Anglicized)
Name of numerous towns, lakes, rivers, a glacier, and a mountain, in Canada, primarily in the province of Alberta... [more]
Attawapiskat (River & Settlement) Cree
River and town in Ontario, Canada. From the Attawapiskat people, meaning "people of the parting of the rocks", or Āhtawāpiskatowi ininiwak.
Aulavik (Other) Inuit
National park in the Northwest Territories, Canada. From the Inuvialuktun language, meaning "place where people travel".
Austriya (Country) Indigenous American, Aymara, Western African, Hausa
Aymara and Hausa form of Austria.
Auyuittuq (Other) Inuit
National park in Nunavut, Canada. Meaning "the land that never melts", in Inuktitut.
Ayuhwasi (Settlement) Cherokee
Ayuhwasi, meaning "savanna" or "large meadow". The name has been applied to several entities past and present in the U.S. states of Georgia, North Carolina, and Tennessee
Bádikin Sídii (Country) Navajo
Navajo form of Vatican City
Banladish (Country) Quechua
Quechua form of Bangladesh
Bella Bella (Settlement) Salishan
Town in British Columbia, Canada. Named after the Bella Bella people, also known as the Heiltsuk.
Bella Coola (Region & Settlement) Salishan (Anglicized)
Town and valley in British Columbia, Canada. From the Heiltsuk word bḷ́xʷlá, meaning "someone from Bella Coola", referring to the general ethnic group in the area
Biʼednam (Country) Navajo
Navajo form of Vietnam
Bulgarya (Country) Quechua, Tagalog
Quechua and Tagalog form of Bulgaria
Bwoonéí (Country) Navajo
Navajo form of Brunei
Celilo (Body of Water) Indigenous American
Means: echo of falling water. A famous waterfall used as a Native American fishing ground.
Chilcotin (Region) Cree (Anglicized)
From the Chilcotin (Tsilhqot'in) people of British Columbia, Canada. Means "people of the red ochre river", after the Chilko river.
Chilko (River) Cree (Anglicized)
Name of a river in British Columbia, Canada. From the Chilcotin (Tsilhqot'in) word tŝilhqóx, meaning "the red ochre river".
Cuzco (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Incan (Hispanicized), Quechua (Hispanicized), Spanish (Archaic)
Traditional spelling of Cusco, a city in Peru which was the capital of the Inca Empire. Cusco is the Hispanicized form of Quechua Qusqu meaning "rock, boundary stone; heap of earth and stones; nucleus; navel; bed, dry bed of a lake".
Dalonigesdv (Country) Cherokee
Cherokee form of China
Denali (Mountain) Indigenous American
This is the indigenous Koyukon name for Mount McKinley.
Dilhi (Settlement) Arabic, Quechua
Arabic and Quechua form of Delhi.
Etobicoke (Settlement) Iroquois (Anglicized), Algonquin (Anglicized)
From the Mississagua name for the area, wah-do-be-kang (wadoopikaang), and means "the place where alders grow". Anglicized by Augustus Jones as 'ato-be-coake', but adopted by John Graves Simcoe as 'Etobicoke' in 1795.
Gáana (Country) Navajo
Navajo form of Ghana
Gabǫ́ǫ́ (Country) Navajo
Navajo form of Gabon
Géémbiya (Country) Navajo
Navajo form of Gambia
Gíní (Country) Navajo
Navajo form of Guinea
Gíní Bisó (Country) Navajo
Navajo form of Guinea Bissau
Gwaii Haanas (Other) Haida
National park in British Columbia, Canada. The name is X̱aayda kíl, or Haida, and means "islands of beauty".
Hángewii (Country) Navajo
Navajo form of Hungary
Hurwatsuyu (Country) Quechua
Quechua form of Croatia.
Ííjip (Country) Navajo
Navajo form of Egypt
Iithiyópya (Country) Navajo
Navajo form of Ethiopia
Iiwááʼ (Country) Navajo
Navajo form of Iraq
Iiwą́ą́ (Country) Navajo
Navajo form of Iran
Ilanda (Country) Quechua
Quechua form of Ireland
Indoníízha (Country) Navajo
Navajo form of Indonesia
Iqaluit (Settlement) Inuit
Iqaluit is the capital of the Canadian territory, Nunavut. ... [more]
Islandya (Country) Quechua, Tagalog
Quechua and Tagalog form of Iceland
Ispaña (Country) Quechua
Quechua form of Spain
Ivvavik (Other) Inuit
National park in Yukon, Canada. Meaning "birthplace" or "nursery" in Inuvialuktun.
Jibótii (Country) Navajo
Navajo form of Djibouti
Jóoʼdan (Country) Navajo
Navajo form of Jordan
Jóojah (Country) Navajo
Navajo form of Georgia 1
Káango (Country) Navajo
Navajo form of Congo
Kalispell (Other) Salishan (Rare)
The name Kalispell is a Salishan (Salish) word meaning "flat land above the lake". Kalispell is also the gateway to Glacier National Park.
Kamloops (Settlement) Salishan (Anglicized)
From the Shuswap word Tk'emlúps, meaning "where the rivers meet"
Kʼatár (Country) Navajo
Navajo form of Qatar
Kejimkujik (Other & Body of Water) Mi'kmaq
Lake and national park in Canada. From Mi'kmaq, meaning "attempting to escape", or "swollen waters", or "tired muscles".
Kelowna (Settlement) Salishan
Name of a large town in British Columbia, from the Okanagan word kelowna, meaning "grizzly bear"
Kénya (Country) Navajo
Navajo form of Kenya
Kluane (Other) Cree
National park in Yukon, Canada. The name comes from the Southern Tutchone language.
Kootenay (Other) Salishan (Anglicized)
National park in British Columbia, Canada. The name is derived from the Kutenai people of the area. Their name either means "to eat lean meat', or "to go out into the open".
Kóóweiʼ (Country) Navajo
Navajo form of Kuwait
Kouchibouguac (River & Other) Mi'kmaq
National park and river in New Brunswick, Canada. Meaning "river of the long tides" in Mi'kmaq.
Kunghit (Island) Haida
Southernmost island in Gwaii Haanas, British Columbia, Canada... [more]
Lááʼos (Country) Navajo
Navajo form of Laos
Látsębooʼ (Country) Navajo
Navajo form of Luxembourg
Łíbanoo (Country) Navajo
Navajo form of Lebanon
Łíbya (Country) Navajo
Navajo form of Libya
Łííhtensain (Country) Navajo
Navajo form of Liechtenstein
Łitʼoowę́ęya (Country) Navajo
Navajo form of Lithuania
Lomaniya (Country) Cherokee
Cherokee form of Romania
Madagascar (Country & Island) English, Catalan, Nahuatl, French, Italian, Manx, Portuguese (Brazilian), Spanish, Corsican
From Middle French Madagascar, from Madageiscar, as a corrupted transliteration of Mogadishu by Marco Polo's misreading of Arabic.... [more]
Malááwii (Country) Navajo
Navajo form of Malawi
Maléízha (Country) Navajo
Navajo form of Malaysia
Manitoulin (Island & Region) Ojibwe (Gallicized), Ojibwe (Anglicized)
Island and region of Ontario, Canada. From the Ojibwe word Manidoowaaling, meaning "cave of the spirit", named for an underwater cave where a powerful spirit lived... [more]
Masedóonya (Country) Navajo
Navajo form of Macedonia
Mííanmáa (Country) Navajo
Navajo form of Myanmar
Mississauga (Region) Ojibwe (Anglicized)
From the Anishinaabe word misi-zaagiing, meaning "Those at the Great River Mouth". Name of the Mississauga tribe, and now a name of a Toronto suburb. Closely related to the Ojibwe word misswezahging, mean "river of many outlets".
Missoula (Settlement) Salishan (Anglicized)
City in Montana, United States. From the Salish word 'nmesuletkw', meaning "place of frozen water".
Moowitéínya (Country) Navajo
Navajo form of Mauritania
Muskoka (Political Subdivision) Ojibwe (?)
Nááts'ihch'oh (Other) Chipewyan
National Park in Northwest Territories, Canada. Means "stands like a porcupine" in Dene.
Nahanni (River & Other) Chipewyan
River and national park in Northwest Territories, Canada. From the Dene name for the area, 'Nahʔa Dehé', which means "river of the land of the Nahʔa people".
Namííbya (Country) Navajo
Navajo form of Namibia
Niagara (Body of Water, Settlement & Region) Iroquois
Name of a popular waterfall, a town, and region, in Canada. Derived from the Iroquois word Onguiaahra, meaning either "the strait", or "bisected bottom lands"
Nipigon (River & Settlement) Ojibwe
Town and river in Ontario, Canada. From the Ojibwe word Alimipigon, possibly meaning "where the water begins".
Nipissing (Body of Water & Settlement) Algonquin
Lake and town in Ontario, Canada. From the Algonquin word meaning "big water"
Nunatsiavut (Region) Inuit
Region in Labrador, Canada. Means "our beautiful land" in Inuttitut.
Nunavik (Region) Inuit
Region of Quebec, Canada. From the Inuit word nunavik meaning "great land".
Nunavut (Political Subdivision) Inuit, English, French
Means "our land" in Inuktitut. This is the name of a territory of Canada.
Oka (Settlement) Mohawk
Unknown meaning. Name of town in Quebec
Okanagan (Region & Body of Water) Salishan
Region and lake in Canada, named after the Okanagan people. Means "the people living where you can see the top", due to the many mountains in the area.
Omą́ą́ (Country) Navajo
Navajo form of Oman
Omaha (Settlement) Sioux
Siouan people of northeastern Nebraska, 1804, Maha, perhaps from Omaha umaha, perhaps literally "upstream (people), against the flow." The Nebraska city was founded in 1854.
Óóswiya (Country) Navajo
Navajo form of Austria
Osoyoos (Other) Salishan
Name of Canada's only desert, in British Columbia. From the Okanagan word sẁiẁs, meaning "narrowing of the waters" .
Ottawa (Settlement) Algonquin (Anglicized)
Capital of Canada. From the Algonquin word adawe meaning "trade".
Péléstain (Country) Navajo
Navajo form of Palestine
Penticton (Settlement) Salishan (Anglicized)
Town in British Columbia, Canada. From the Okanagan word snpintktn or phthauntauc, meaning "a place to stay forever".
Petaluma (Political Subdivision) Miwok
Petaluma is a transliteration of the Coast Miwok phrase /péta lúuma/ which means hill backside.
Pukaskwa (Other & River) Ojibwe
National park and river in Ontario, Canada. May be from the Ojibwe word 'pukasu', meaning "to cook the marrow in the bones of animals", or "eaters of fish"... [more]
Punxsutawney (Settlement) Lenape
the name (for the base-city of the Groundhog Day woodchuck Punxsutawney Phil) comes from the indigenous word for "Town of the Sandflies"
Qausuittuq (Other) Inuit
National park in Nunavut, Canada. Meaning "the place where the sun does not rise] in Inuktitut.
Quttinirpaaq (Other) Inuit
National park in Nunavut, Canada. Means "the top of the world" in Inuktitut, as it is the northernmost national park in Canada, and the second in the world.
Quuligelia (Country) Cherokee
Cherokee form of Bulgaria
Saugeen (River & Political Subdivision) Ojibwe (Anglicized)
Town and river in Ontario, Canada. From the Ojibwe 'zaagiing', and means "at the river's outlet" or "at the mouth of the river".
Seishel (Country) Navajo
Navajo form of Seychelles
Sį́ʼgaboo (Country, Settlement & Island) Navajo
Navajo form of Singapore
Sííwiya (Country) Navajo
Navajo form of Syria
Sirmilik (Other) Inuit
National park in Nunavut, Canada. Means "place of glaciers", in Inuktitut.
Soodą́ą (Country) Navajo
Navajo form of Sudan
Swii Lankʼa (Country) Navajo
Navajo form of Sri Lanka
Táiwáán (Country & Island) Navajo
Navajo form of Taiwan
Thaidene Nëné (Other) Chipewyan
National park in Northwest Territories, Canada. From the Dene language, meaning "land of our ancestors".
Toluca (Settlement) Paiute
From a Paiute word meaning "fertile valley" or "beautiful valley". This is the name of a neighborhood and lake in Los Angeles, California, USA, i.e., Toluca Lake.
Tʼóogo (Country) Navajo
Navajo form of Togo
Topanga (Settlement) Indigenous American
Topanga is a community in western Los Angeles County, California, United States located in the Santa Monica mountains. The name is given by the Native American indigenous Tongva tribe, and may mean "where the mountain meets the sea" or "a place above".
Torngat (Mountain & Other) Inuit (Anglicized)
Mountain range and national park in Canada. Meaning "place of spirits" from the Inuit word 'tongait'.
Tuktut Nogait (Other) Inuit
National park in Northwest Territories, Canada. Means "young caribou" in Inuvialuktun.
Tyewhoppety (Other) Shawnee
Tyewhoppety is an unincorporated community located in Todd County, Kentucky, United States. ... [more]
Ukkusiksalik (Other) Inuit
National park in Nunavut, Canada. From Inuktitut, meaning "where there is material for the stone pot", from the word 'ukkusik', meaning "pot" or "saucepan".
Vuntut (Other) Cree
National park in Yukon, Canada. Meaning "among the lakes" in Gwich'in.
Wapusk (Other) Cree
National park in Manitoba, Canada. From the Cree word for polar bear, 'wâpask'.
Wausau (Region & Settlement) Indigenous American (Latinized, Rare)
Term used in many Native American languages with varying similar meanings such as "to see from a distance" or "to hear from a distance." It was the Native American name for a valley in central Wisconsin that is still refered to as such by locals... [more]
Wawa (Settlement & Body of Water) Ojibwe
Name of a town and lake in Ontario, Canada. From the Ojibwe wording wewe, meaning "wild goose"
Wooméiniya (Country) Navajo
Navajo form of Romania
Wyandotte (Settlement) Iroquois
A town in Oklahoma, United States, and headquarters of the indigenous Wyandot nation, for who the town is named.
Xaymaca (Country & Island) Taíno
Taíno form of Jamaica.
Yogénda (Country) Navajo
Navajo form of Uganda
Yoho (Other) Cree
Name of a national park in British Columbia, Canada. The name is from a Cree expression of wonder.
Yóókwein (Country) Navajo
Navajo form of Ukraine
Yosemite (Other) English (American), Indigenous American (Anglicized, Rare)
A national park and a valley located in Mariposa County, California, the name is derived from the Southern Sierra Miwok joh-heˀ-HmetiH-, meaning "warriors, killers, those not afraid to die"... [more]