American Submitted Place Names

American names are used in the United States. See also about American names.
type
usage
Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
Aachen (Settlement) English, Danish, Finnish, German, Greek, Hungarian, Norwegian, Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Turkish
From Old High German aha or its Latin counterpart aquae, referring to the sacred springs associated with Granus, a Celtic god, from which the Latin form Aquisgranum derives. This is the name of a city in western Germany.
Abbyville (Settlement) English
A city in Reno County, Kansas.
Aberdeen (Settlement) English (Rare)
A city in Scotland, stemming from the prefix aber- meaning 'river mouth', and the suffix -deen, which could possibly be referring to the rivers don and dee.
Aberdeenshire (Political Subdivision) Scottish, English
Abidjan (Settlement) French, English, Afrikaans, Arabic, Bosnian, Catalan, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malagasy, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Romanian, Slovak, Swahili, Swedish, Tagalog, Urdu, Uzbek
The largest city and economic capital of the Ivory Coast, meaning uncertain. It is traditionally believed to be derived from the Ebiré phrase min-chan m'bidjan meaning "I just cut the leaves", supposedly exclaimed by an old villager to a European explorer when asked the village's name... [more]
Abkhazia (Country) English
From Russian Абхазия (Abkhaziya) from Georgian აფხაზეთი (Apxazeti), which is derived from აფხაზი (Apxazi), the Georgian name for the Abkhaz people... [more]
Abruzzo (Political Subdivision) Italian, English, Maltese, Portuguese
From Late Latin Aprutium, itself probably from Praetūtium, which defined the territory in which the tribe of the Praetutii lived. This is the name of a region in southern Italy.
Abu Dhabi (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Arabic, English, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Maltese, Nepali, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Swedish, Tagalog
Means "father of gazelles" in Arabic, from أبو (abu) meaning "father of" and ظبي (dhabiyy) meaning "gazelle", so named for the abundance of gazelles in the region. This is the name of the capital city of the United Arab Emirates, as well as the name of one of its seven emirates.
Abuja (Settlement) Western African, Hausa, Igbo, Yoruba, English
From Abu-Ja, a nickname of 19th-century monarch Abubakar Jatau (sometimes referred to as "Abu"), who founded what is now the city of Abuja in 1828. By some accounts, he was described as having fair skin, which possibly earned him the nickname Ja meaning "red" in Hausa... [more]
Abyssinia (Country) English
The name of Ethiopia until the early 20th century.
Abyssinia (Country & Region) English
From Latin Abissinus meaning "Abyssinian, Ethiopian", ultimately derived from Arabic الحبشة (al-Habashah) of uncertain meaning. This is the name of a region and former empire in the Horn of Africa, consisting of present-day Ethiopia and Eritrea.
Accra (Settlement) English
Derived from Akan nkran meaning "fire ant". This is the name of the capital city of Ghana.
Addis Ababa (Settlement) English, Danish, Turkish
From Amharic አዲስ አበባ (ʾädis ʾäbäba), meaning "new flower". This is the name of the capital city of Ethiopia.
Aden (Settlement & Body of Water) English
From Arabic عدن‎ ('Adan) derived from Akkadian edinu meaning "plain, lowland", itself from Sumerian eden meaning "plain, open country". This is the name of a city in Yemen as well as a gulf between the Red Sea and the Arabian Sea (the Gulf of Aden).
Advent (Settlement) English
Adygea (Political Subdivision) English
From Russian Адыгея (Adygeya), which is from Adyghe адыгэ (adyge), the endonym of the Circassian (Adyghe) people. The ethnic name is of uncertain meaning, though it may mean "mountain between seas" or "mountain by the sea"... [more]
Agadir (Settlement) Arabic (Maghrebi), Berber, English, French
Means "fortified fortress, wall" in Central Atlas Tamazight, ultimately from Phoenician gdr meaning "wall, compound". This is the name of a city in Morocco.
Agra (Settlement) Hindi, Urdu, English
Most likely derived from Sanskrit अग्रेवण (agrevana) meaning "forest border", from अग्र (agra) meaning "border, in front of, foremost point" and वन (vana) meaning "forest, wood, grove"... [more]
Ahmedabad (Settlement) English
From Urdu احمد آباد (Ahmad Abad) or Hindi अहमदाबाद (Ahmadabad) both derived from the given name Ahmad combined with the place name suffix -آباد/-आबाद (-abad) (of Persian origin)... [more]
Aire (River) English
The name of a river in Yorkshire in England which passes through Leeds. Of uncertain etymology, probably of Celtic origin.
Airton (Settlement) English
The name of a small village and civil parish in the Craven district of North Yorkshire in England, also known as Airton-in-Craven. It is derived from a combination of Aire (referring to the river) and Old English tun meaning "enclosure, yard, town."
Aizawl (Settlement) Mizo, English
The capital city of Mizoram in far eastern India.
Akami Uapishkᵁ Kakkasuak Mealy (Other) Inuit, English
National park in Labrador, Canada. 'Akami−Uapishkᵁ' is an Innu name for the area, meaning "white mountain cross", and 'KakKasuak' means "mountain" in Inuttitut... [more]
Aktau (Settlement) Russian, English
From Kazakh Ақтау (Aqtau) meaning "white mountain", derived from ақ (aq) meaning "white" and тау (tau) meaning "mountain". This is the name of a city in Kazakhstan.
Aktobe (Political Subdivision & Settlement) English, Russian
From Kazakh Ақтөбе (Aqtobe) meaning "white hill", derived from ақ (aq) meaning "white" and төбе (töbe) meaning "hill". This is the name of a region of, as well as a city in, Kazakhstan.
Alaska (Political Subdivision) English
Derived from Russian Аляска (Alyaska), which in turn is derived from Aleut alaxsxaq meaning "object to which the action of the sea is directed". Alaska is the largest of the 50 American states, located northwest of the United States mainland and bordering Canada.
Albany (Settlement) English
Name of the capital in New York, renamed after British acquisition in 1664 in honor of the Dukes of Albany (House of Stuart), hence a name borne by their retainers.
Alberta (Political Subdivision) English
Name of one of the 12 provinces in Canada, named after Princess Louise Caroline Alberta (1848–1939), the fourth daughter of Victoria, Queen of Canada, and Albert, Prince Consort.
Alboran Island (Island) English
The island became a power base of Mustafa ben Yusuf al Mahmud ed Din, a Tunisian corsair in the Ottoman sultan's service whose attacks were so ferocious that he became known as Al-Borani, from the Turkish for "thunderstorm".
Albuquerque (Settlement) English (American)
Albuquerque, New Mexico’s largest city, sits in the high desert. Its modern Downtown core contrasts with Old Town Albuquerque, dating to the city’s 1706 founding as a Spanish colony.
Alderney (Island) English, Medieval Scandinavian
One of the Channel Islands in England. It may be a corruption of 'adreni' or 'alrene', derived from Old Norse, meaning "island near the coast". Alternatively, it may come from other old Norse words; 'alda', meaning "swelling wave', 'renna', meaning "strong current', and -ey, meaning "island'.
Aleppo (Political Subdivision & Settlement) English, Italian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, German, Indonesian, Kazakh, Korean, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Russian, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, Ukrainian
Italian form of Arabic حلب (Halab) of uncertain meaning. It may be derived from حَلَب (halaba) meaning "to give out milk", a reference to the traditional belief that Abraham distributed milk to travelers in the region... [more]
Alhambra (Settlement) English
From the name of the Alhambra palace in Granada, Spain, itself derived from Arabic الحمراء‎ (al-hamra') meaning "the red (one)". This is the name of a city in California.
Alor Setar (Settlement) Malay, English
From Malay alor meaning "river, stream" and setar meaning "gandaria" (a type of fruit). This is the name of the capital city of the Malaysian state of Kedah.
Alsace (Political Subdivision & Region) French, English
From Old High German Ali-saz or Elisaz, meaning "foreign domain". Alternatively, from Germanic Ell-sass, meaning "seated on the Ill", a river in Alsace.... [more]
Altai (Political Subdivision & Mountain) Altai, Russian, Mongolian, Kazakh, English
From the Turkic roots altun meaning "gold" and tag meaning "mountain". This is the name of a mountain range in Central and East Asia as well as two territories of Russia.
Altay (Political Subdivision & Mountain) Altai, Russian, Mongolian, Kazakh, English
Altai, Russian, Mongolian and Kazakh alternate transcription of Altai as well as an English variant.
Altham (Settlement) English
Meaning "river meadow of the swans" hamm elfitu.
Amadeo (Settlement) English, Filipino
Named after King Amadeo I of Spain. This is a municipality in Cavite, Philippines formerly called Masilao.
Amazon (Region & River) English, Finnish
The name of a river in Brazil, from Spanish Río Amazonas (see Amazonas).
Amherst (Settlement) English
Name of a town in Massachusetts, and name of a college, UMass Amherst.
Amman (Settlement & Political Subdivision) Arabic, English, Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bengali, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hindi, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Korean, Kyrgyz, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek
Most likely derived from the Arabic root ع م م‎ (' m m) related to concepts such as kinship and large extended groups or tribes. Alternatively it may come from the name of the ancient kingdom of Ammon, which existed between the 10th and 4th centuries BCE in land east of the Jordan River... [more]
Amoy (Settlement) English (Archaic)
Older variant of Xiamen based on the Zhangzhou Hokkien romanization 廈門 (Ēe-mûi).
Amursk (Other) Russian, Ukrainian, English
A city in Russia derived from it's region name, Amur.
Anaheim (Settlement) English
Union of Ana, referring to the nearby Santa Ana River, and the German suffix heim ("home"). This is the name of a city in the US state of California.
Anchorage (Settlement) English (American)
Anchorage is the most populous settlement in Alaska USA.... [more]
Andorra (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Catalan, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Greek, Hungarian, Icelandic, Italian, Luxembourgish, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian
The name of the country of Andorra, whose name is possibly derived from a Basque word andurrial (“shrub-covered land”), but it may come from Arabic الدرا (“the forest”) or Spanish andar (“to walk”).
Andorra La Vella (Settlement) Catalan, English, Albanian, Azerbaijani, Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian, Slovene, Swedish, Turkish
Means "Andorra the town" from the name of the country of Andorra and a corruption of Catalan vila meaning "settlement, town". This is the name of the capital city of Andorra.
Angerton (Settlement) English
Anglesey (Island) English
An island and traditional county at the northwestern extremity of northern Wales. It is separated from Caernarfonshire on the mainland by a narrow stretch of water called the Menai Strait... [more]
Ang Mo Kio (Political Subdivision & Settlement) English, Malay
Meaning uncertain, possibly from Hokkien 紅毛 (Âng-mô͘) meaning "white person, Caucasian" (literally "red-haired") and 橋 (kiô) meaning "bridge". This is the name of a planning area and town in Singapore.
Anjou (Other) English, French
From the name of the former county/duchy/province centered around the city of Angers in the Loire Valley of western France, which is in the present-day département of Maine-et-Loire. It was the cradle of the House of Plantagenet who ruled England from the twelfth century, of whom the current royal family are descendants... [more]
Ankara (Settlement) Turkish, English
Derived from Ancient Greek ἄγκυρα (ankura) meaning "anchor, hook". This is the name of the capital city of Turkey.
Ankara (Settlement & River) Turkish, English, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bengali, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Burmese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkmen, Ukrainian
Derived from Ancient Greek ἄγκυρα (ankura) meaning "anchor, hook", referring to a river bend. This is the name of the capital city of Turkey as well as a river of the same name.
Anmer (Settlement) English
Anmer (Settlement) English
Derived from the village of Anmer, in Norfolk. It stems from the Old English aened "duck" and mere "pool".
Ann Arbor (Settlement) English (American)
The name of a city in the U.S. state of Michigan, the county seat of Washtenaw County located in the south of the state.... [more]
Ansonia (Political Subdivision) English
An eponymous city in Connecticut's Naugatuck River Valley named for founder Anson Green Phelps. In the 19th and early 20th centuries Ansonia was an manufacturing hub; one successful business was the Ansonia Clock Company, which sold world-wide... [more]
Antananarivo (Settlement) Malagasy, French, English
Means "city of thousand" in Malagasy, from the prefix an- combined with tanana meaning "city, town" and arivo meaning "one thousand". The name was chosen by Merina King Andriamasinavalona (1675-1710), who renamed the city in honour of the thousand soldiers who captured the site under the rule of King Andrianjaka... [more]
Antigua and Barbuda (Country) English
The history of Antigua and Barbuda can be separated into three distinct eras. In the first, the islands were inhabited by three successive Amerindian societies. The islands were neglected by the first wave of European colonization, but were settled by England in 1632... [more]
Aonia (Country) English
This was an ancient name of the country of Boeotia in Greek legend, allegedly derived from that of the hero Aon. Aonia was a region sacred to the Muses, whom the English poet Alexander Pope called the "Aonian maids".
Appalachia (Region) English
Appalachia is the name of a cultural region in the Eastern United States. The meaning of the name is unknown, but it is ultimately of Native American origin, as the region was named after a Native American tribe.
Apperley (Settlement) English
Means "apple clearing". From æppel "apple" and leah "woodland, clearing"
Apulia (Political Subdivision) English, Ancient Roman, Polish, Spanish
From Latin Apulia, itself of unknown origin, perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ep-, meaning "water". This is the name of a region in southern Italy.
Arakan (Political Subdivision) English
Historical form of Rakhine.
Arcadia (Region & Settlement) English, Italian, Spanish
From Greek Ἀρκαδία (Arkadia) named for the mythological character Arcas. This is the name of a region in the Peloponnese in southern Greece, as well as the name of numerous cities in various countries.
Ardennes (Other & Region) French (Anglicized), English
English pluralised form of Ardenne. ... [more]
Arkansas (Political Subdivision) English (American)
Name of a state in the United States, from the French pronunciation of the Quapaw people who lived on the Arkansas River.
Arlandria (Settlement) English (American)
The name of a neighbourhood in north-eastern Alexandria, Virginia. It is a portmanteau of Arlington and Alexandria, reflecting its location on the border of Arlington County and Alexandria.
Arlington (Settlement) English
Three possible places called Arlington in Gloucestershire, Devon, and East Sussex.
Arrington (Settlement) English
Arrington, a place in Cambridgeshire, named from an Old English byname, Earn(a), meaning ‘eagle’ + -inga- ‘people or followers of’ + tūn ‘settlement’.
Aruba (Political Subdivision & Island) Afrikaans, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Italian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian
An island in the Caribbean Sea that is part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
Ashby (Settlement) English
Ash farm; ash settlement... [more]
Asheboro (Political Subdivision) English
Asheboro is a city in North Carolina.
Asheville (Political Subdivision) English
Asheville is a city in North Carolina.
Ashgabat (Settlement) English
From Turkmen Aşgabat, from Persian عشق‌آباد (eshq abad) meaning "city of love", derived from عشق (eshq) meaning "love, passion" and آباد (abad)# meaning "city"... [more]
Askrigg (Settlement) English
A village in rural Northeast England. It is derived from the Old Norse askr, 'ash tree' (c.f Swedish ask, 'ash tree') and hryggr, 'ridge' (c.f Swedish rygg, 'ridge, spine', German rücken, 'spine', Scots rig, 'ridge').
Asmara (Settlement) English, Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Bosnian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hindi, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kyrgyz, Lithuanian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malagasy, Malay, Malayalam, Marathi, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Somali, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish, Tagalog, Tamil, Turkish
From Tigrinya ኣርባዕተ ኣስመራ (arbate asmera) meaning "the four (women) made them unite," referring to Tigrinya oral tradition in which four women convinced their clans to unite and defeat a common enemy... [more]
Assam (Political Subdivision) English
Most likely related to the name of the Ahom people, itself of unclear origin. This is the name of a state in northeastern India.
Astana (Settlement) Kazakh, English, Russian
Means "capital city" in Kazakh, ultimately from Persian آستانه (astaneh). This was the name of the capital city of Kazakhstan until 2019, when it was renamed Nur-Sultan.
Astana (Settlement) Kazakh, Russian, English, Afrikaans, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hindi, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Khmer, Kyrgyz, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, Turkish, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Urdu
Means "capital city" in Kazakh, ultimately from Persian آستانه (astaneh). This is the name of the capital city of Kazakhstan.
Atherton (Settlement) English
Placename meaning "Ather's town".
Athlacca (Settlement, Political Subdivision & Other) English
From Irish An tÁth Leacach, meaning "the flagstone ford." It is the name of a settlement, ford, civil parish, and electoral division in County Limerick, Ireland.
Atlanta (Settlement) English
Name of a city in Georgia, named by J. Edgar Thomson, Chief Engineer of the Georgia Railroad.
Auckland (Settlement) English
The Baron Auckland and the Earl of Auckland are titles of the English nobility. The first Baron Auckland, William Eden, had the city of Auckland in New Zealand named after him. Bishop Auckland is a town in the county of Durham in Britain which has lent its name to the title... [more]
Aurora (Settlement) English, Ilocano, Italian, Portuguese, Tagalog
From Latin aurora, meaning "dawn", "sunrise", directly or through the given name Aurora.... [more]
Auroville (Settlement) English
The name of an indian town built by UNESCO located in southern India. It was built as an experimental town to see how is the world without politics, money or polution.
Austin (Settlement) English
Named after several people bearing the first name Austin or its surname counterpart Austin... [more]
Australasia (Region) English
Means "south of Asia" from Latin australis meaning "southern" combined with Asia. This is the name of a region in Oceania consisting of Australia, New Zealand, and other neighbouring islands.
Ayeyarwady (River & Political Subdivision) English
Variant of Irrawaddy. This spelling is also used as the name of a region of Myanmar.
Ayutthaya (Country & Settlement) Thai, English
Derived from Sanskrit अयुध्य (ayudhya) meaning "invincible, unconquerable". This was the name of a kingdom (as well as one of its capital cities) that reigned from 1350 to 1767, considered the precursor of modern Thailand.
Azerbaijan (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) English, Basque, Indonesian, Malay
From Persian آذربایجان (azarbayjan), which is from Middle Persian Ādurbādagān referring to Atropates, an ancient Persian governor under the Achaemenid Empire... [more]
Azores (Political Subdivision & Region) English, Greek, Spanish
From Portuguese Açores meaning "goshawks", the plural of açor meaning "goshawk". This is the name of an archipelago located in the North Atlantic Ocean and one of the two autonomous regions of Portugal.
Bacolod (Settlement) Hiligaynon, Tagalog, English
Derived from Hiligaynon bakolod meaning "hill, mound". This is the name of a city in the Philippines.
Badley (Settlement) English
Habitational name from Badley in Suffolk or Baddeley Green in Staffordshire, both named with the Old English personal name Bad(d)a + lēah ‘woodland clearing’.
Baghdad (Settlement) English, Italian, Malay, Uyghur
From Arabic بغداد (baḡdād), itself from Persian بغداد‎ (baǧdâd), probably from Middle Persian bgdt, meaning "given by god", from Old Persian *Bagadātaʰ... [more]
Baghdad (Settlement) Arabic, English, Armenian, Hindi, Italian, Malay, Pashto, Persian, Urdu, Uyghur
From Persian بغداد (Baghdad) most likely derived from Middle Persian 𐭡𐭢𐭣𐭲‎ (bgdt) meaning "given by god", itself from Old Persian 𐏎 (baga) meaning "god" and 𐎭𐎠𐎫 (dātaʰ) meaning "given, created"... [more]
Bagshaw (Settlement) English
Means "Bacga's thicket" or "Bacga's copse". Derived from the Anglo-Saxon given name Bacga and the word sceaga "thicket, copse"
Baguio (Settlement) Filipino, Ilocano, Tagalog, English
Hispanicized form of Ibaloi bagiw meaning "moss". This is the name of a city in the Philippines.
Bahamas (Country) English
The name of the Country in the Caribbean. The Bahamas is a coral-based archipelago in the Atlantic Ocean. Its 700-plus islands and cays range from uninhabited to packed with resorts. The northernmost, Grand Bahama, and Paradise Island, home to many large-scale hotels, are among the best known... [more]
Bahia (Political Subdivision) Portuguese (Brazilian), Portuguese, English
Literally "bay" in Portuguese, this name comes from the Bay of All Saints (Baía de Todos os Santos), for which a Portuguese captaincy was named. This is the name of a state in Brazil.
Baikal (Body of Water) Russian, English
From Buryat Байгал (Baygal) of uncertain origin, perhaps from the Turkic roots baj meaning "rich" and kol meaning "lake" or from Mongolian байгалийн нуур (baigaliin nuur) meaning "natural lake"... [more]
Baikonur (Settlement) Russian, English
From Kazakh Байқоңыр (Bayqonyr) meaning "wealthy brown" or "fertile land with many plants", derived from бай (bay) meaning "rich, wealthy" and қоңыр (qonyr) meaning "brown"... [more]
Bakersfield (Settlement) English
Named after a person bearing the surname Baker. The city in California was named after former colonel Thomas Baker of the Ohio Militia, who moved to the area in 1863.
Baku (Settlement) English, Russian, Persian
From Azerbaijani Bakı from Persian باکو (baku), which is of uncertain meaning. One popular etymology suggests that it means "wind-pounded city" from Persian باد (bad) meaning "wind" and کوبیدن (kubidan) meaning "to pound, to beat", given in reference to the area's frequent storms and high winds... [more]
Bali (Political Subdivision & Island) Indonesian, Balinese, Javanese, English
Derived from Sanskrit बलि (bali) meaning "offering, tribute". This is the name of an island and province in Indonesia.
Balochistan (Political Subdivision & Region) Balochi, Urdu, Pashto, English
From the ethnic name بلۏچ (Baloch) referring to the Baloch people (itself of uncertain meaning) combined with the Persian suffix ستان (stan) meaning "land of"... [more]
Baltic Sea (Body of Water) English
Meaning uncertain. Possibly derived from Latin balteus "belt". The Baltic Sea is a sea in Northern Europe. The name was first used, as Mare Balticum, by Adam of Bremen in the 11th century... [more]
Baltimore (Settlement) English
Baltimore is an independent city in the state of Maryland within the United States.
Baltistan (Region) Urdu, English
From the ethnic name بلتی (Balti) combined with the Persian suffix ستان (stan) meaning "land of". This is the name of a region in Pakistan.
Bamako (Settlement) English, Armenian, Catalan, Danish, Esperanto, French, Fula, German, Hebrew, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish
Union of Bambara words bama ("crocodile") and ("stream"). This is the name of the capital city of Mali.
Bamako (Settlement) Fula, English, French, Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bengali, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, Georgian, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kazakh, Korean, Kyrgyz, Latvian, Macedonian, Malagasy, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tajik, Tagalog, Thai, Turkish, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From Bambara Bamakɔ meaning "crocodile river", derived from bama meaning "crocodile" and meaning "stream, river". This is the name of the capital city of Mali.
Bandar Seri Begawan (Settlement) Malay, English
Means "town of the radiance of the gods" from Malay bandar meaning "town" (of Persian origin), seri meaning "radiance, splendour, glory" and begawan meaning "holy". The name comes from Seri Begawan, a Malay title used by Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien III (1914-1986), which was ultimately derived from Sanskrit श्री भगवान् (shri bhagvan)... [more]
Bangalore (Political Subdivision & Settlement) English, Hindi
An anglicised version of Bengalūru.
Bangalore (Settlement) English
From Kannada ಬೆಂಗಳೂರು (Bengaluru) of uncertain meaning, possibly from Old Kannada beṅga-val-ūru meaning "city of guards" or benda-kāl-ūru meaning "town of boiled beans" (referring to a story from Kannada folklore)... [more]
Bangkok (Settlement) Thai, English
Believed to be from Thai บาง (bang) meaning "village, settlement" and กอก (kok) meaning "olive" (so named because of the olive trees that used to grow in the area) or perhaps เกาะ (ko) meaning "island"... [more]
Bangladesh (Country) Bengali, Armenian, Basque, Breton, Bulgarian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Hebrew, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Swahili, Swedish, Uzbek
From Bengali বাংলাদেশ (Bangladeś) meaning "land of the Bengalis", from the name of the Bengali people and Sanskrit देश (deśá) meaning "country, kingdom, land, state"... [more]
Bangor (Settlement) English, Welsh
Derived from bancor, the Old Welsh word for "wattled enclosure". This is the name of a city in Wales, and the namesake of the associated University.
Banjul (Settlement) English, Afrikaans, Arabic, Armenian, Bengali, Bosnian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Korean, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Turkmen, Urdu, Uzbek
Derived from Mandinka bang julo meaning "rope fibre". This is the name of the capital city of The Gambia.
Barbados (Country) English
The name of the Country in the Caribbean. Barbados is an eastern Caribbean island and an independent British Commonwealth nation. Bridgetown, the capital, is a cruise-ship port with colonial buildings and Nidhe Israel, a synagogue founded in 1654... [more]
Barbados (Island & Country) English, Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bengali, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek
From Portuguese barbados meaning "bearded ones", ultimately from barba meaning "beard". It is unclear what exactly the name refers to; it may have come from the hanging vines of fig trees on the island, from the beards worn by the native Carib (Kalinago) people, or from the 'beard' formed by sea foam surrounding the island... [more]
Barcelona (Settlement) Catalan, Spanish, English
Barcelona is a city in Spain. It is the capital and largest city of Catalonia, as well as the second most populous municipality of Spain.
Bari (Settlement) Italian, English, Armenian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Greek, Hungarian, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Sicilian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
From Latin Barium, itself of uncertain origin, possibly from Messapic *baur or *bur, meaning "house", ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bhreu ("to grow, to be"). This is the name of the capital city of Apulia, in southern Italy.
Barnet (Settlement) English
Means "land cleared by burning". This is the name of a large town in Barnet Borough, England. Named after it is a small town in Vermont State, US.
Basel (Settlement) English
Bashkiria (Political Subdivision) English
From Russian Башкирия (Bashkiriya) which is from башкир (bashkir), the Russian name for the Bashkir people. This is another name for Bashkortostan, a republic in Russia.
Basilan (Island & Political Subdivision) Filipino, Tausug, Cebuano, Tagalog, English
Probably from Tausug basi'-lan meaning "iron way, iron road" or basi'-balan meaning "magnetic iron". This is the name of an island province of the Philippines.
Basilicata (Political Subdivision) Italian, English, Dutch, Spanish, Portuguese
The origin of the name is uncertain: it may come from the Greek term βασιλικός (basilikos), a title given to the Byzantine governors of the region; it may be derived from the church of Acerenza, whose bishop had jurisdiction over the territory; or it may be connected to Basil II Porphyrogenitus, Byzantine emperor from 976 to 1025.... [more]
Bassein (Settlement) English (Archaic)
Dated form of Pathein.
Basutoland (Country) English
Lesotho's name prior to 1966.
Bataan (Political Subdivision) Filipino, Tagalog, English
From the word batan of unclear indigenous origin, which was used to refer to the peninsula across Manila Bay. It may be related to the Malayo-Polynesian root bataŋ meaning "tree trunk, log"... [more]
Batangas (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Filipino, Tagalog, English
Derived from Tagalog batangan meaning "timberland, place of wooden rafts", itself from batang meaning "log" combined with the place marker suffix -an. This is the name of a province of, as well as a city in, the Philippines.
Batavia (Region & Settlement) English, Dutch, Indonesian
From Latin Batavia, itself from Proto-Germanic Batawjō meaning "good island", derived from bataz meaning "good" and awjō meaning "island". This is the name of a historical and geographical region located in what is now the Netherlands... [more]
Bath (Settlement) English
The Roman baths
Baton Rouge (Political Subdivision & Settlement) English
From French le bâton rouge ("the red stick"), itself from Choctaw iti humma ("red pole") through Istrouma, a possible corruption; the name ultimately comes from a red pole marking the hunting boundaries for the Houma and Bayagoula tribes... [more]
Batu Gajah (Settlement) Malay, English
Means "elephant rock" from Malay batu meaning "stone, rock" and gajah meaning "elephant", most likely named for two large boulders that resembled elephants located along a nearby river... [more]
Bedfordshire (Political Subdivision & Region) English
From Old English Bedanfordscir, meaning the shire or county of Bedford, itself meaning "Beda's river crossing".... [more]
Bedok (Settlement) English, Malay
Derived from Malay beduk meaning "drum", referring specifically to a type of drum used to signal prayer times. This is the name of a planning area and town in Singapore.
Beersheba (Political Subdivision & Settlement) English
Beersheba is a city in Israel, whose name is derived from the Hebrew Be'er Sheva, which means “Well of the Oath”.
Beirut (Settlement) English
The capital of Lebanon. It is derived from Hebrew be'erot which means "the wells".
Beirut (Settlement) English, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Danish, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hebrew, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Ukrainian
From the Arabic name بيروت (Bayrut), itself derived from Phoenician 𐤁𐤓𐤕 (bērūt) meaning "wells", a reference to the area's accessible water table. This is the name of the capital city of Lebanon as well as an alternate transcription of the Belarusian, Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Russian and Ukrainian form Бейрут (see Beyrut).
Belgrade (Settlement) English, French
From Serbian Београд (Beograd) meaning "white city", derived from the Slavic root beli or beo meaning "white" combined with grad meaning "city, town". This is the name of the capital city of Serbia.
Bellefontaine Neighbors (Settlement) English
Bellefontaine Neighbors is an inner-ring suburb city in the U.S. In 1804, a treaty was made with the Sac and Fox Indians that led to the establishment of a trading post on the south bank of the Missouri River... [more]
Belleville (Settlement) English
Name of a city in Canada and various others in America. Means "beautiful town" from the French belle (beautiful) and ville (city or town).
Bellevue (Settlement) English
Means "beautiful view", from French "belle" meaning "beautiful" and "vue" meaning "view", the name of several cities in the United States.
Belmopan (Settlement) English
Belmopan, the capital city of Belize, got its name from combining "Belize" and "Mopan," which is one of the indigenous Maya groups in Belize. The name was chosen in 1970 when the government decided to move the capital from Belize City to a more centrally located area.
Belorussia (Country) English
The former name of Belarus and the English spelling of Belorussiya.
Bengaluru (Settlement) Kannada, English, Malayalam
Kannada and Malayalam form of Bangalore, as well as the city's official English name.
Bengaluru (Settlement) Kannada, English, Bengali, Malayalam
Kannada, Bengali and Malayalam form of Bangalore, as well as the city's official English name.
Bengeo (Settlement) English
Bengeo means ridge over the River Beane, or settlement on the River Beane.
Benguet (Political Subdivision) Filipino, Ilocano, Pampangan, Ibaloi, Kankanaey, Tagalog, English
Hispanicized form of Kankanaey benget meaning "edge", originally used as the name for a village at the edge of a swamp. This is the name of a province of the Philippines.
Bennettsville (Settlement) English
This is the county seat of Marlboro County, North Carolina.
Bennington (Settlement) English
Derived from the Old English personal name Beonna combined with -ing-, a connective particle denoting association, and tūn "farmstead, settlement". Bennington is a town in Bennington County, Vermont, in the United States.
Bentleigh (Settlement) English
Berestia (Region) History, English
This is the name of a historical region in Eastern Europe. Its territory was located in what is now Belarus, Poland and Ukraine. The region was named after the Belarusian city of Brest, which was at its centre.
Berkshire (Political Subdivision & Region) English
From a wood of box trees in the area called Bearroc, a Celtic word meaning "hilly", with Old English sċīr, from Proto-West Germanic *skīru. meaning "county" or "shire".... [more]
Bermuda (Political Subdivision) English
Derived from the surname of Juan de Bermúdez, a 16th-century Spanish navigator alleged to have discovered the archipelago situated in the North Atlantic Ocean. Bermúdez is a surname meaning "son of Bermudo".
Bermuda (Political Subdivision) English
Bern (Settlement & Political Subdivision) German, English, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bengali, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, Hebrew, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From Alemannic German Bärn of uncertain meaning. A popular folk etymology suggests that it is derived from German Bär meaning "bear", although it is more likely of Celtic origin, perhaps from the word *berna meaning "cleft"... [more]
Berne (Settlement & Political Subdivision) French, Latvian, English
French and Latvian form of Bern as well as an English variant.
Bhopal (Settlement) Hindi, English
Means "Bhoja's dam" from Hindi भोज (bhoj) referring to the legendary king Bhoja and पाल (pal) meaning "dam"... [more]
Bhutan (Country) English, Bengali, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, German, Indian, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Nepali, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Urdu
Probably from བོད (bod), the Tibetan name for the region of Tibet, derived from Sanskrit भोट-अन्त (bhoṭa-anta) meaning "end of Tibet" (referring to the country's geographical location in southern extremity of the Tibetan plateau)... [more]
Bikini Atoll (Island) English
From Marshallese Pikinni "surface of coconut". Bikini is an island located in the Marshall Islands, famous for being a place the United States formerly did nuclear tests.
Biliran (Political Subdivision) Filipino, Waray, Cebuano, Tagalog, English
From Waray biliran meaning "edge" or "something that forms corners or tips", likely referencing a local topographic feature. This is the name of a province of the Philippines.
Bir Lehlou (Settlement) English
Derived from Hassaniya Arabic bir lehlou meaning "sweet water well". Bir Lehlou is an oasis town in the Polisario-controlled region in northeastern Western Sahara.
Birmingham (Settlement) English
A city in central England. Its name derives from the Anglo-Saxon words meaning 'the farm of Beormund's people', from the personal name Beormund, ingas, meaning 'people' and ham, meaning 'farm'.
Biscay (Political Subdivision) English
From Basque Bizkaia ultimately derived from bizkar meaning "low ridge, back, spine". This is the name of a province of Spain, located within the Basque Community.
Bishkek (Settlement) Kyrgyz, English, Russian
Meaning uncertain. One theory suggests that it comes from a word meaning "whorl, whisk" in Kyrgyz, referring to a tool used to prepare kumis, a traditional dairy product. It could also mean "five heights" from Kyrgyz беш (besh) meaning "five" and бийик (biyik) meaning "tall, high", or it could mean "five chiefs" from беш (besh) meaning "five" and the Turkish title beg meaning "chieftain, master"... [more]
Bismarck (Settlement) English
Blackheath (Political Subdivision) English
English place name which may be a corruption of "bleak heath", or simply mean "dark heath" from Old English blæc "black" and hǣth (see also Heath)... [more]
Blackpool (Settlement) English
A coastal town in Lancashire. Literally means 'black pool', so named from a nearby drainage stream which ran through a peat bog, discharging discoloured water into the nearby Irish Sea. (Compare Dublin).
Bloomingdale (Settlement) English
From the surname Bloomingdale.
Bogota (Settlement) English, Japanese, Polish, Slovak
From an unattested Chibcha word, of uncertain meaning. This is the name of the capital city of Colombia.
Bogotá (Settlement) Spanish, English, Afrikaans, Albanian, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Malagasy, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Tagalog, Turkish
Meaning uncertain, likely derived from an unknown Chibcha word. The original Chibcha name has been attributed to Bacatá (also rendered as Muyquytá) meaning "fields' end" or "outside the farmlands", the name of a historical settlement... [more]
Bohol (Island & Political Subdivision) Filipino, Cebuano, Tagalog, English
From Cebuano bo-ol referring to a type of fruiting tree found on the island. This is the name of an island province of the Philippines.
Boise (Settlement) English
Most likely from French, but of uncertain ultimate origin. One account states that it may come from a story of a French-speaking person who yelled "Les bois! Les bois!" ("The woods! The woods!"); another account is that the name comes from the phrase la rivière boisée ("the wooded river").... [more]
Bonaire (Political Subdivision & Island) Afrikaans, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Latvian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
An island in the Caribbean Sea that is a special municipality of the Netherlands.
Boonville (Political Subdivision) English (American, Modern)
United States, Indiana, Warrick County.
Bosnia (Country) English
Named after the river Bosna, which flows through Bosnia. It is the third longest river in the country of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Bosnia and Herzegovina (Country) English
Bosnia and Herzegovina, abbreviated BiH or B&H, sometimes called Bosnia–Herzegovina and often known informally as Bosnia, is a country of South and Southeast Europe, located within the Balkans. Sarajevo is the capital and largest city.
Bothnian Bay (Body of Water) English
English form of Bottenviken.
Bothnian Sea (Settlement) English
English form of Bottenhavet.
Boulder (Settlement) English
Name of a city in Colorado, from Middle English bulderston, from a Scandinavian source akin to Swedish dialectal bullersten "noisy stone", (Swedish buller "rumbling noise" + sten "stone".
Bozeman (Settlement) English (American)
A settlement in Montana.Originally was travelled through by indigenous people like Shoshone and Blackfeet.... [more]
Brampton (Settlement) English
A city in the Great Toronto-Hamilton area of Ontario, Canada. From the surveyor of the same name.
Brasília (Settlement) Portuguese, English, Afrikaans, Bosnian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Malagasy, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Swedish, Turkish
Elaboration of Brasil with the suffix -ia for place names. This is the name of the capital city of Brazil.
Brescia (Settlement) Italian, English, Catalan, French, Polish, Romanian, Sicilian, Spanish, Turkish
From Latin Brixia, itself probably from a Gaulish or Celtic root denoting a hill. This is the name of a city in northern Italy.
Bridge (Settlement) English
Bridge is a city in Texas.
Bridgemont (Settlement) English
This very old and rare medieval English surname is almost certainly locational and derives from a now "lost" medieval village called "Bridgemont". Meaning, "mount of the bridge."
Bridgeton (Settlement) English
Bridgeton, meaning "bridge town", is a city in New Jersey.
Brighton (Settlement) English
The name of an English city, meaning "bright town" in Old English.
Brixton (Settlement) English
The name of Brixton (a town in England).
Broadalbin (Settlement) English (American)
Broadalbin is a settlement in New york USA. Founded in 1741 by European settlers.... [more]
Bromley (Settlement) English
This is the name of a district and borough in south-east London.... [more]
Bronston (Settlement) English
Town in Pulaski County, Kentucky.
Bronx (Settlement) English
Name of a borough in New York City, name after Swedish settler Jonas Bronck.
Broughton (Settlement) English
Broughton (Welsh: Brychdyn) is a district in Flintshire, Wales, close to the Wales–England border, located to the west of the City of Chester, England.
Bruges (Settlement) French, English, Italian, Luxembourgish, Portuguese, Romanian
French form of Brugge, which some countries (mostly Romance ones) have adopted as their name for the Belgian city.
Brussels (Political Subdivision & Settlement) English
Union of Proto-Germanic elements brōk, "marsh", and sali, "building, room"; influenced by Dutch Brussel. This is the name of the capital city of Belgium.
Bucharest (Settlement) English
Meaning uncertain. Traditional etymologies state that the city's name is derived from Bucur, the name of a prince, outlaw, fisherman, shepherd, or hunter (depending on the specific legend), whose name is derived from Romanian bucurie meaning "joy, happiness", probably of Dacian origin... [more]
Bucharest (Settlement) English, Malay, Tagalog
From Romanian București, which is believed to be derived from the given name Bucur (referring to a figure in Romanian legend) combined with the suffix -ești used for place names... [more]
Buckinghamshire (Political Subdivision & Region) English
From Old English, meaning "the county of Bucca's home", from Buckingham, named after its 12th-century landowner, Bucca, with sċīr, from Proto-West Germanic *skīru... [more]
Bukhara (Settlement) English, Arabic, Hindi, Urdu, Kazakh, Russian, Ukrainian
From Uzbek Buxoro, itself derived from Persian بخارا (bokhara) of uncertain meaning, possibly from Sogdian βuxārak meaning "place of good fortune". Alternately it may have come from Sanskrit विहार (vihara) referring to a Buddhist monastery... [more]
Bukidnon (Political Subdivision) Filipino, Cebuano, Hiligaynon, Bukid, Higaonon, Ilocano, English
From Cebuano bukidnon meaning "mountaineers, people of the mountains", referring to the indigenous tribes of the Central Mindanao highlands. This is the name of a province of the Philippines.
Bukit Merah (Settlement) Malay, English
Means "red hill" in Malay from bukit meaning "hill" and merah meaning "red", referring to the red-coloured soil of a hill in the area. This is the name of a planning area and town in Singapore, also called Redhill.
Bukit Panjang (Settlement) Malay, English
Means "long hill" in Malay, from bukit meaning "hill" and panjang meaning "long". This is the name of a planning area and town in Singapore.
Bukit Timah (Settlement) Malay, English
Literally means "tin hill" in Malay, from bukit meaning "hill" and timah meaning "tin". However, the name is more likely a corrupted form of the original Malay name Bukit Temak meaning "temak hill", from bukit meaning "hill" and temak referring to a type of tree (genus Shorea)... [more]
Bulacan (Political Subdivision) Filipino, Tagalog, English
From the name of a town called Bulakan, derived from Tagalog bulak meaning "cotton" and the place marker suffix -an. This is the name of a province of the Philippines.
Burgundy (Political Subdivision & Region) English
From the ethnonym for the Burgundians, an East Germanic people who moved westwards beyond the Rhine during the late Roman period.... [more]
Burlington (Settlement) English
Burlington is a city in Vermont and other states, it could be named this from Richard Boyle, the third Earl of Burlington, or a family with he surname Burling.
Burundi (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Breton, Bulgarian, Burmese, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Faroese, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian
The name of the Country in East Africa. Burundi, officially the Republic of Burundi, is a landlocked country in the African Great Lakes region of East Africa, bordered by Rwanda to the north, Tanzania to the east and south, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west.
Buryatia (Political Subdivision) English
From Russian Бурятия (Buryatiya), itself from буряад (buryaad), the name of the Buryat people. The ethnic name is of uncertain origin and meaning, possibly from Buryat буртэ (burte) meaning "wolf"... [more]
Butte (Settlement) English
This is a city in Montana, USA.
Buzzards Bay (Body of Water) English
Buzzards Bay is a bay of the Atlantic Ocean adjacent to the U.S. state of Massachusetts.
Byblos (Settlement) English, Arabic, Greek
Byblos, also known as Jebeil, Jbeil or Jubayl is an ancient city in the Keserwan-Jbeil Governorate of Lebanon.
Caernarfon (Settlement) English, Welsh
From the Welsh words caer "fort", yn "in" and‎ Arfon "opposite Môn (Anglesey)", therefore altogether translating to "the fort in the land opposite Anglesey"... [more]
Cagayan (Political Subdivision) Filipino, Ilocano, Ibanag, Itawit, English
From Spanish Cagayán, itself derived from the word kagayan meaning "place near or on a river" in various indigenous languages. This is the name of a province and administrative region of the Philippines (called Cagayan Valley).
Cagliari (Settlement) Italian, English, Danish, French, Galician, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish
From Latin Calaris, itself from Phoenician Krly, of uncertain meaning. This is the name of the capital city of Sardinia, an island in the Mediterranean Sea and a region of Italy.
Cairns (Settlement) English
City in Australia
Calabria (Political Subdivision) Italian, English, Finnish, Galician, Spanish
From Ancient Greek Καλαβρία (Kalabría), itself derived from the name of a local Oscan tribe. This is the name of a region in southern Italy.
Calcutta (Settlement) English (Archaic), Dutch, French, Italian, Romanian, Swedish
Anglicized form of Kolkata. It is considered outdated in English but is still regularly used in other languages.
Calderwood (Other) English
Derived from the words ceald "cold" and wudu "wood".
Callifae (Settlement) English
From the name of a town in ancient Italy, of uncertain origin. It was mentioned only by the Roman historian Livy, and may correspond to the village Calvisi, at the foot of the Monte Matese.
Callington (Settlement) English
Caloocan (Settlement) Tagalog, English
Derived from Tagalog kalookan meaning "interior, inland, innermost region". This is the name of a city in the Philippines.
Cam (River) English
The River Cam is the main river flowing through Cambridge in eastern England.... [more]
Camarines (Political Subdivision) Filipino, Central Bikol, Tagalog, English
Either from a Hispanicized plural form of Bikol kamalig meaning "shelter, hut, storage shed" or the plural form of Spanish camarín meaning "alcove, niche". This is the name of two provinces of the Philippines, Camarines Norte and Camarines Sur.
Cambodia (Country) English
From French Cambodge taken from Khmer កម្ពុជា (Kampuchea). The name comes from Sanskrit कम्बोजदेश (Kambujadesha), derived from काम्बोज (kamboja), the name of an ancient tribe and kingdom described in Hindu literature, combined with देश (desha) meaning "kingdom, country"... [more]
Cambridge (Settlement) English
Cambridge is a university city and the county town of Cambridgeshire, England, on the River Cam approximately 50 miles (80 km) north of London.... [more]
Cameron (Settlement) English
Cameron Park is a city in California.
Cameroon (Country) English
The name of the Country in Central Africa. Cameroon, on the Gulf of Guinea, is a Central African country of varied terrain and wildlife. Its inland capital, Yaoundé, and its biggest city, the seaport Douala, are transit points to ecotourism sites as well as beach resorts like Kribi – near the Chutes de la Lobé waterfalls, which plunge directly into the sea – and Limbe, where the Limbe Wildlife Centre houses rescued primates.
Camiguin (Island & Political Subdivision) Filipino, Cebuano, Tagalog, English
Derived from Cebuano kamagong meaning "velvet apple", referring to a type of fruiting tree found on the island. This is the name of an island province of the Philippines.
Campania (Political Subdivision) Italian, English, Galician, Spanish, Ancient Roman
From Latin Campania, itself from campania felix, denoting the fertile countryside around Mount Vesuvius. This is the name of a region in southern Italy.
Campobasso (Settlement) Italian, English, French, German, Spanish
Literally "low field"; derived from Latin Campus Vassorum, denoting that the city was host to vassals. This is the name of the capital city of the southern Italian region of Molise.
Canary Islands (Region) English
English form of Spanish Islas Canarias which is derived from Latin Canariae Insulae "islands of the dogs". This is the name of a Spanish archipelago in the Atlantic Ocean, near the coast of northwestern Africa.
Canberra (Settlement) English
From the city of Canberra, Australian Capital Territory.
Canberra (Settlement) English, Afrikaans, Bosnian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Maltese, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
Meaning unknown, possibly from Ngunawal kamberra meaning "meeting place". This is the name of the capital city of Australia.
Canton (Settlement) English
Canton is a settlement in Texas.
Canton (Political Subdivision & Settlement) English (Archaic), French, Italian
Derived from Portuguese Cantão, which was ultimately from Chinese 广东 (Guǎngdōng) (see Guangdong). Used for both the Chinese province of Guangdong and the city of Guangzhou, it is considered dated in English but still current in French and Italian.
Canyon (Settlement) English (American)
A community in Texas, USA.
Cape Verde (Country) English
From the name of the Senegalese peninsula Cap-Vert meaning "green cape" in Portuguese. Cape Verde is an island country spanning an archipelago of 10 volcanic islands in the central Atlantic Ocean.
Capiz (Political Subdivision) Filipino, Capiznon, Hiligaynon, Tagalog, English
From Spanish Cápiz, itself from Capiznon kapis referring to the shell produced by the windowpane oyster (genus Placuna). This is the name of a province of the Philippines.
Caracas (Settlement) English, Catalan, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Polish, Portuguese, Portuguese (Brazilian), Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish
From the earlier name Santiago de León de Caracas. The name Caracas is most likely derived from the name of a tribe that used to live in the area. This is the name of the capital city of Venezuela.
Caribbean (Region) English
The name of the Region. The Caribbean is a region that consists of the Caribbean Sea, its islands and the surrounding coasts. The region is southeast of the Gulf of Mexico and the North American mainland, east of Central America, and north of South America.
Carmania (Political Subdivision & Region) Old Persian (Latinized), English, Italian, Spanish
Latinized form of ancient Persian Karmana via its hellenized form Karmania. This was the name of a region and province of several Persian empires.
Carmay (Other) English
Carperby (Settlement) English
A village in Yorkshire, England. The second element is Old Norse -byr, 'farm'. The first element is possibly the Old Gaelic personal name Cairpre. This seems to indicate a farm of an Irish or Scottish Viking, who settled in England... [more]
Carson (Settlement) English (American)
Carson City is the capital of the American state of Nevada.
Carson City (Settlement) English
It was named after American frontiersman Kit Carson, this is the capital city of the US state of Nevada.
Cartersville (Political Subdivision) English
A city in Bartow county, Georgia.
Carthage (Settlement) English
Carthage is a city in Missouri, and another city with the same name is in Texas.
Carveth (Settlement) English
From Cornish Karvergh ("fort of horses"), from kar ("fort") and mergh ("horse"). This is the name of a village in Cornwall.
Casablanca (Settlement) English, French, Spanish
Means "white house" in Spanish. The name comes from a Spanish translation of the Arabic name الدار البيضاء (ad-Dar al-Bayda'), which in turn was derived from a calque of the Portuguese name Casa Branca... [more]
Casper (Settlement) English
From the name of Fort Caspar named after United States army officer Caspar Collins (see Caspar). Casper is city in Wyoming, USA.
Castleblayney (Settlement) English
"Castle", referring to the castle outside the town, + "Blayney", after Sir Edward Blayney, whom the British Crown granted land in the area to.
Catanduanes (Island & Political Subdivision) Filipino, Central Bikol, Tagalog, English
From a Spanish plural form of Bikol katanduan either meaning "place of tandu", referring to a type of beetle, or "place of tando", referring to a type of tree. This is the name of an island province of the Philippines.
Catania (Settlement) Italian, English, German, Sicilian, Spanish
From Ancient Greek Kατάvη (Katánē), itself either from Sicel katane ("grater"), due to its proximity to Mount Etna and the resulting rough earth, or from Proto-Italic katina ("basin"), owing to the wide valley around the town... [more]
Catanzaro (Settlement) Italian, English, French, Catalan, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, German
From Latin Catanciarium, itself derived from Catacium, ultimately from Ancient Greek Καταρτάριοι, meaning "silk spinners". This is the name of a city in southern Italy, the second city in Calabria, as well as its capital city.
Caucasus (Mountain) English
From Greek Καύκασος (Kaúkasos), which is of uncertain origin; it may be derived from Scythian *xrohukäsi meaning "ice-shining" or "white snow". Alternatively, it may be from Greek κήξ (kḗx) meaning "sea swallow (a kind of bird)" and κάσος (kásos) possibly meaning "mountain" or "rock"... [more]
Cavite (Political Subdivision, Settlement & Other) English (Hispanicized), Filipino (Hispanicized)
Hispanicized form of Tagalog kawit, meaning "hook". This name originally referred to a peninsula where Cavite City is located in, but usage eventually expanded to the entire province.
Cayce (Settlement) English (American)
A town in the state of Kentucky. Cayce, Kentucky.
Cayman Islands (Island) English
Cayman islands are a British overseas territory.... [more]
Cebu (Political Subdivision, Settlement & Island) Filipino, Tagalog, English
From Cebuano Sugbo, derived from Old Cebuano sibu or sibo meaning "trade", itself a shortened form of the phrase sinibuayng hingpit meaning "place for trading". This is the name of an island, province and city (Cebu City) in the Philippines.
Central African Republic (Country) English
The Central African Republic is a landlocked country in Central Africa.
Ceuta (Settlement) English, Spanish, Portuguese
The settlement below Jebel Musa was later renamed for the seven hills around the site, collectively referred to as the "Seven Brothers". In particular, the Roman stronghold at the site took the name "Fort at the Seven Brothers"... [more]
Ceylon (Country) English
Previous name of the country Sri Lanka. The name Ceylon most likely traces its roots back to the Sanskrit Sinha, meaning "lion". As lions are not native to Sri Lanka, another possible interpretation of the name is "lion-like man" or "hero".
Ceylon (Country) English (Archaic)
The former name of Sri Lanka, derived from Portuguese Ceilão, which was in turn derived from Persian سیلان (seylan), ultimately from Sanskrit सिंहल (sinhala) meaning "lionlike".
Champa (Country) Cham, Khmer, Lao, English
From Vietnamese Chăm Pa ultimately derived from Sanskrit चम्पक (champaka) referring to a type of flowering tree (genus Magnolia). This is the name of a collection of ancient kingdoms that existed between the 2nd and 17th centuries in what is now central and southern Vietnam.
Chandigarh (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Hindi, Punjabi, Bhojpuri, English
From the name of the Hindu goddess Chandi combined with Hindi गढ़ (garh) meaning "fort". This is the name of a union territory and city in northern India.
Charleston (Settlement) English
Place name meaning "Charles's town".
Charlotte (Settlement) English
Name of a city in North Carolina, named in honor of Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, who had become the Queen of Great Britain just seven years before the town's incorporation.
Charlottesville (Settlement) English
This is a city in Virginia.
Chattogram (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Bengali, English
Alternate transcription of Bengali চট্টগ্রাম (see Chottogram) officially used by the government of Bangladesh.
Chechnya (Political Subdivision) Russian, English
Means "(place) of the Chechens", derived from the Russian name for the Chechen people. The exonym is of uncertain meaning, with Russian folk etymologies suggesting that it originates from the name of a village; on the other hand, it may be derived from the Kabardian name Шашан (Shashan)... [more]
Cheldon (Settlement) English
Chennai (Settlement) Indian, Tamil, English
Most likely from the name of 17th-century Telugu monarch Damarla Chennapa Nayaka (or Chennappa Naicker). This is the name of the capital city of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu, which was officially called Madras until 1996.
Chernobyl (Other) Russian, English
Russian name for the Chernobyl Power Plant and the English name for it. It is also to Russian form of the name of a village in Ukraine. It is dervied from "черный" (chernyy) meaning "black". For the Ukrainian form, see Chornobyl'.
Chesnee (Settlement) English
Variant spelling of Chesney. Chesnee is a city in South Carolina.
Cheviot (Mountain) English
The name of a mountain and the surrounding mountains on the Anglo-Scottish border. The name is thought to be Celtic and to derive from Brythonic *ceμ-, *cejn 'ridge, spine' (Welsh chefn, 'back, ridge'), and -ed, which might have meant 'having the quality of-'.
Cheyenne (Settlement) English
The capital of Wyoming, in the United States.
Chiang Mai (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Thai, English
Means "new city" from Thai เชียง (chiang) meaning "(walled) city" and ใหม่ (mai) meaning "new". This is the name of a province of and city in Thailand.
Chicago (Settlement) English
Name of a city in Illinois, from town founded in 1833, named from a Canadian French form of Algonquian sheka:ko:heki "place of the wild onion," or Ojibwa shika:konk "at the skunk place".
Chin (Political Subdivision) Burmese, English
From the name of the Chin people, which was most likely a Burmese adaptation of a Chin word meaning "man, person". This is the name of a state of Myanmar.
Chippenham (Settlement) English
One possibility for its naming may have been from Cyppa's Hamme which comes from the words ce-ap meaning market, and Hamme meaning enclosed by the river or an enclosed water meadow both of which Chippenham was.... [more]
Chittagong (Settlement) Bengali, English
The etymology of Chittagong is uncertain. One explanation credits the first Arab traders for shatt ghangh, where shatt means "delta" and ghangh stood for the Ganges. The Arakanese chronicle states that a king named Tsu-la-taing Tsandaya, after conquering Bengal, set up a stone pillar as a trophy or memorial at the place since called Tst-ta-gaung as the limit of conquest... [more]
Chittagong (Political Subdivision & Settlement) English
From Bengali চট্টগ্রাম (Chottogram) of uncertain meaning. This is the name of an administrative division of, as well as a city in, Bangladesh (officially named Chattogram).
Chorasmia (Region & Political Subdivision) Ancient Greek, Ancient Roman, English, Greek
Ancient Greek and Ancient Roman name for the region of Khwarazm in Central Asia. It was named after the Chorasmians, a local Iranian tribe who were known as Χωράσμιοι (Chorasmioi) to the Greeks and as Chorasmii to the Romans.... [more]
Christchurch (Region) English
Christchurch is a New Zealand city that was founded in 1850. The name was given in 1848 before the city even existed. It was given by J R Godley of the Canterbury Associtaion who went to Christ Church College in teenagehood.
Chukotka (Political Subdivision) Russian, English
Derived from the Russian name Чукчи (Chukchi), referring to the native people who originally inhabited the area. The word Chukchi is derived from Chukchi Chauchu meaning "rich in reindeer", used by the Reindeer Chukchi people to distinguish themselves from the Maritime Chukchi (the Anqallyt meaning "sea people")... [more]
Chuvashia (Political Subdivision) English
From Russian Чувашия (Chuvashiya), derived from the name of the Chuvash people. The ethnic name чӑваш (chavash) is of uncertain meaning, possibly from Turkic yabal meaning "quiet, peaceful, slow", from a Turkic root meaning "friendly, peaceful" or from Tabghach, the Old Turkic name for the Tuoba, a Xianbei clan in Imperial China... [more]
Cicero (Settlement) English
Name of a town in Cook County, Illinois, named after Roman statesman Marcus Tullius Cicero.
Cincinatti (Settlement) English (American)
The name of a major city in Ohio.
Cincinnati (Political Subdivision) English
Means "curly-haired", from Latin cincinnatus (see Cincinnatus). This is the name of a city in Hamilton County, Ohio, United States which was named in honor of the Society of the Cincinnati, named after the Roman consul Lucius Quinctius Cincinnatus (born c. 519 – c. 430 BC).
Circassia (Country & Region) English, Italian
From Turkish Çerkes or Russian Черкес (Cherkes) referring to the Circassian (Adyghe) people. The name is of uncertain meaning, possibly derived from Kerkety, the name of a Circassian tribe, or from Persian چهار کس (čahâr kas) meaning "four people"... [more]