Persian Submitted Place Names

Persian names are used in the country of Iran, in southwestern Asia, which is part of the Muslim world. See also about Iranian names.
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Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
ABKHAZ آبخاز (Country) Mongolian, Ossetian, Persian
Mongolian, Ossetian, and Persian form of ABKHAZIA.
ABUJA آبوجا (Settlement) Western African, Hausa, Igbo, Yoruba, Afrikaans, Arabic, Armenian, Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Urdu
From Abu-Ja, a nickname of 19th-century monarch Abubakar Jatau (sometimes referred to as "Abu"), who founded what is now the city of Abuja in 1828. By some accounts, he was described as having fair skin, which possibly earned him the nickname Ja meaning "red" in Hausa... [more]
ADIGHEYEH آدیغیه‎ (Political Subdivision) Persian
Persian form of ADYGEA.
ALBANI آلبانی (Country) Buryat, Chechen, Chuvash, Mongolian, Ossetian, Persian
Form of ALBANIA.
ALJAZAYER الجزایر (Country) Persian
Persian form of JAZA'IR, referring only to the country.
ANDONEZI اندونزی (Country) Persian
Persian form of INDONESIA.
ANGULA آنگولا (Country) Persian
Persian form of ANGOLA.
ARABESTAN عربستان (Country & Region) Persian
From Persian عرب (arab) meaning "Arab" combined with the suffix -ستان (-stân) meaning "land of". This is the Persian name for both the Arabian Peninsula and Saudi Arabia (used as a shortened form of عربستان سعودی (Arabestân-e Sa'udi), the full Persian name for the country).
ARMANESTAN ارمنستان (Country) Persian
From Persian ارمن (Arman) meaning "Armenia" combined with the suffix ـستان (stan) meaning "land of". This is the Persian name for Armenia.
ARZHANTIN آرژانتین (Country) Persian
Persian form of ARGENTINA.
ASTANEH آستانه (Settlement) Persian
Persian form of ASTANA.
ATEN آتن (Settlement) Persian, Swedish
Persian and Swedish form of ATHENS.
AZARBAYJAN آذربایجان (Country & Region) Persian
Persian form of AZERBAIJAN.
BAKU باکو (Settlement) Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Chinese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, English, Finnish, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Kyrgyz, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Nepali, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uyghur
From Azerbaijani Bakı from Persian باکو (bâku), which is of uncertain meaning. One popular etymology suggests that it means "wind-pounded city" from Persian باد (bâd) meaning "wind" and کوبیدن (kubidan) meaning "to pound, to beat" (given in reference to the area's storms and high winds)... [more]
BALI بالی (Political Subdivision & Island) Indonesian, Balinese, Acehnese, Javanese, Malay, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Chinese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Italian, Kazakh, Latvian, Macedonian, Mongolian, Nepali, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek
Derived from Sanskrit बलि (bali) meaning "offering, tribute". This is the name of an island and province in Indonesia.
BANDUNG باندونگ (Settlement) Indonesian, Sundanese, Acehnese, Balinese, Banjar, Malay, Minangkabau, Albanian, Armenian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Kazakh, Korean, Kyrgyz, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, Turkish, Urdu, Uzbek
From Indonesian bendung or bendungan meaning "dam, dike", used to refer to the area in relation to the nearby Citarum River. Local sources also relate the name to the phrase Nga-Bandung-an Banda Indung, which is considered sacred in Sundanese culture... [more]
BANGELADESH بنگلادش (Country) Persian
Persian form of BANGLADESH.
BANKUK بانکوک (Settlement) Arabic, Persian
Arabic and Persian form of BANGKOK.
BELZHIK بلژیک (Country) Persian
Persian form of French Belgique (see BELGIUM).
BEREZIL برزیل (Country) Persian
Persian form of BRAZIL.
BERMEH برمه (Country) Persian
Persian form of BURMA.
BISHKEK بیشکک (Settlement) Kyrgyz, Armenian, Belarusian, Bengali, Bulgarian, English, Hindi, Indonesian, Kazakh, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Persian, Russian, Tajik, Ukrainian, Uyghur, Uzbek
Meaning uncertain. One theory suggests that it comes from a word meaning "whorl, whisk" in Kyrgyz, referring to a tool used to prepare kumis (a traditional dairy product). It could also mean "five heights" from Kyrgyz беш (besh) meaning "five" and бийик (biyik) meaning "tall, high", or it could mean "five chiefs" from беш (besh) meaning "five" and the Turkish title beg meaning "chieftain, master"... [more]
BOLGHARESTAN بلغارستان (Country) Persian
From Persian بلغار (bolghar) meaning "Bulgarian" combined with the suffix ستان (stan) meaning "land of". This is the Persian name for Bulgaria.
BOLIVI بولیوی (Country) Buryat, Chechen, Chuvash, Mongolian, Ossetian, Persian
Form of BOLIVIA.
BORUNEY برونئی (Country) Persian
Persian form of BRUNEI.
BUSAN بوسان (Settlement) Korean, Afrikaans, Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Serbian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
From Sino-Korean 釜山 (Busan) meaning "cauldron mountain" from 釜 (bu) meaning "cauldron, pot, kettle" and 山 (san) meaning "mountain". This is the name of a city in South Korea.
CHECHEN چچن (Political Subdivision) Chinese, Japanese, Korean, Mongolian, Persian
Form of CHECHNYA.
CHECHENISTAN چچنستان (Political Subdivision) Persian
From Persian چچن (čečen) meaning "Chechen" and the suffix ـستان (-stân) meaning "land of". This is a Persian name for Chechnya.
CHERAGH چراغ (Settlement) Persian
This is the name of a village in Lorestan Province in western Iran. This is also used as a place name element (first or last) in other villages across Iran.... [more]
DAGHESTAN داغستان‎ (Political Subdivision) French, Italian, Persian, Romanian
French, Italian, Persian, and Romanian form of DAGESTAN.
DANUB دانوب (River) Arabic, Armenian, Persian
Arabic, Armenian and Persian form of DANUBE.
DEHLI دهلی (Settlement) Azerbaijani, Persian, Tajik, Urdu, Uzbek
Form of DELHI.
DOUSHANBEH دوشنبه (Settlement) Persian
Persian form of DUSHANBE.
ESLOVAKI اسلواکی (Country) Persian
Persian form of SLOVAKIA.
ESLOVENI اسلوونی (Country) Persian
Persian form of SLOVENIA.
ESPANIYA اسپانیا (Country) Persian
Persian form of Hispania (see SPAIN).
ESRAIL اسرائیل (Country) Persian
Persian form of ISRAEL.
ESTONI استونی (Country) Buryat, Chechen, Chuvash, Mongolian, Ossetian, Persian
Form of ESTONIA.
FILIPIN فیلیپین (Country) Western African, Hausa, Persian
Hausa and Persian form of PHILIPPINES.
HANUI هانوی (Settlement) Arabic, Persian
Arabic and Persian form of HANOI.
HAVANA هاوانا (Settlement) Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Czech, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Georgian, Hindi, Icelandic, Indonesian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu
From Spanish Habana, which is derived from Habaguanex, the name of a Taíno chief who controlled the area. This is the name of the capital city of Cuba.
INGUSHETIYA اینگوشتیا (Political Subdivision) Russian, Bulgarian, Kazakh, Persian
Form of INGUSHETIA.
ISLAMABAD اسلام‌آباد (Settlement) Afrikaans, Armenian, Belarusian, Bengali, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Ukrainian, Uyghur
From Urdu اسلام آباد (Islām ābād) meaning "city of Islam" from the name of the religion of Islam and Urdu آباد (ābād) meaning "inhabited place, city". This is the name of the capital city of Pakistan.
JAKARTA جاکارتا (Settlement) Indonesian, Acehnese, Balinese, Javanese, Malay, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Arabic, Armenian, Bengali, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Mongolian, Persian, Romanian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkmen, Urdu, Uzbek
From Sanskrit जयकर्त (jayakarta) meaning "that which causes victory", from जय (jayá) meaning "victory, triumph" combined with कृत (kṛtá) meaning "done, made, accomplished"... [more]
JAVEH جاوه (Political Subdivision & Island) Persian
Persian form of JAVA.
JIBUTI جیبوتی (Country & Settlement) Arabic, Bengali, Chinese, Hindi, Korean, Persian, Portuguese, Sinhalese, Turkmen, Urdu
Form of DJIBOUTI.
JOHOR جوهور (Political Subdivision) Malay, Indonesian, Acehnese, Banjar, Javanese, Minangkabau, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
From Arabic جَوْهَر (jawhar) meaning "jewel, precious stone", ultimately from Persian جوهر (jowhar). This is the name of a state in southern Malaysia.
KABOL کابل (Settlement) Persian
Persian form of KABUL.
KALIFORNIYA کالیفرنیا (Political Subdivision) Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Persian, Russian, Tajik, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Form of CALIFORNIA.
KALIMANTAN کالیمانتان (Political Subdivision, Island & Region) Indonesian, Acehnese, Balinese, Banjar, Buginese, Javanese, Malay, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Czech, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hindi, Icelandic, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Turkish, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Means "burning weather (island)" from Sanskrit काल (kālá) meaning "time, season" and क्वथन (kvathana) meaning "boiling, churning". This is the name of the Indonesian portion of the island of Borneo, though it is used to refer to the entire island in Indonesian... [more]
KASHIWA کاشیوا (Settlement) Japanese, Arabic, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Malay, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Urdu
From Japanese 柏 (kashiwa) meaning "oak". This is the name of a city in Chiba Prefecture, Japan.
KAZABLANKA کازابلانکا (Settlement) Arabic, Bulgarian, Hebrew, Kurdish, Macedonian, Persian, Serbian, Turkish
Form of CASABLANCA.
KAZAN کازان (Settlement) Tatar, Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Buryat, Chechen, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, Hindi, Indonesian, Ingush, Japanese, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Lezgin, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Romanian, Russian, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Yakut
Probably from Turkic qazan meaning "kettle, cauldron". This is the name of the capital city of Tatarstan.
KORE کره (Country) Persian, Turkish
Persian and Turkish form of KOREA.
KRABI کرابی (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Thai, Arabic, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Tajik, Turkish, Urdu
Means "sword" in Thai. This is the name of a province and city in southern Thailand.
KUALA LAMPUR کوالا لامپور (Settlement) Persian, Urdu
Persian and Urdu form of KUALA LUMPUR.
KUALA TERENGGANU کوالا ترنگگانو (Settlement) Malay, Indonesian, Banjar, Bulgarian, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
From Malay kuala meaning "confluence" combined with TERENGGANU. This is the name of a city in Malaysia that serves as the capital of the state of Terengganu.
LAMPUNG لامپونگ (Political Subdivision) Indonesian, Acehnese, Balinese, Javanese, Malay, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Albanian, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Urdu
From Tolang Pohwang, the name of a 7th-century kingdom, which is derived from Lampungese to meaning "people" and Lang Pohwang meaning "Lampung" (of uncertain etymology). This is the name of an Indonesian province in southern Sumatra.
LANDAN لندن (Settlement) Arabic, Burmese, Hausa, Hindi, Nepali, Persian, Sanskrit, Sinhalese, Urdu
Form of LONDON.
LHASA لهاسا (Settlement) Tibetan, Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bhutanese, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, Georgian, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Latvian, Malay, Nepali, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Romanian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Urdu
From Tibetan ལྷ་ས (lha sa) meaning "land of gods", derived from ལྷ (lha) meaning "deity, god" and ས (sa) meaning "land, earth". Alternatively, it may have been an alteration of Old Tibetan ར་ས (ra sa) meaning "land of goats" or "fortified land" from ར (ra) meaning "goat" or "enclosure" and ས (sa) meaning "land, earth"... [more]
LOBNAN لبنان (Country) Persian
Persian form of LEBANON.
LUZUN لوزون (Island) Arabic, Persian, Urdu
Arabic, Persian and Urdu form of LUZON.
MADINEH مدینه (Settlement) Persian
Persian form of MEDINA.
MADRID مادرید (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Spanish, Afrikaans, Arabic, Armenian, Asturian, Azerbaijani, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Galician, German, Hebrew, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Turkmen, Uzbek
From the older name Magerit, which is of uncertain meaning and origin. It may be derived from Arabic اَلْمَجْرِيط‎ (al-majrīṭ) meaning "source of water", from Latin matrix meaning "mother, source, origin (of rivers)", or from Celtic mageto ritu meaning "great bridge"... [more]
MAJARESTAN مجارستان (Country) Persian
From مجار (majâr), the Persian name for the Hungarian people, combined with the suffix -ستان (-stan) meaning "land of". This is the Persian name for Hungary.
MALDIV مالدیو (Country) Azerbaijani, Bashkir, Persian
Azerbaijani, Bashkir, and Persian form of MALDIVES.
MALEZI مالزی (Country) Persian
Persian form of MALAYSIA through French MALAISIE.
MALI مالی (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Burmese, Catalan, Chinese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Lao, Latvian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Tatar, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From the name of the Mali Empire, which was derived from Mandinka or Bambara mali meaning "hippopotamus" or "the place where the king lives". This is the name of a landlocked country in West Africa.
MOGHOLESTAN مغولستان (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) Persian
From Persian مغول‎ (moğul) meaning "Mongol, Mongolian" combined with the suffix ستان (stân) meaning "land of". This is the Persian name for Mongolia.
NAMIBIA نامیبیا (Country) Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Danish, English, Finnish, Georgian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Romanian, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, Urdu
From the name of the Namib Desert, derived from Khoekhoe namib meaning "desert" or "vast place". This is the name of a country in southern Africa.
NAZRAN نزران (Settlement) Russian, Arabic, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Greek, Norwegian, Ossetian, Portuguese, Persian, Romanian, Swedish, Tagalog, Tatar, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek
From Ingush Наьсаре (Nasare) possibly from Нясара (Nyasara), supposedly the name of the first person to settle in the region. This is the name of a town in Ingushetia that served as the republic's capital until 2000.
OKRAYN اوکراین (Country) Pashto, Persian
Pashto and Persian form of UKRAINE.
OMMAN عمان (Country) Persian
Persian form of OMAN.
ORASIYA اوراسیا (Region) Persian
Persian form of EURASIA.
ORDON اردن (Country & River) Persian
Persian form of JORDAN.
ORSHALIM اورشلیم (Settlement) Persian
Persian form of JERUSALEM.
ORUGUEH اروگوئه (Country) Persian
Persian form of URUGUAY.
OSETIYA اوستیا (Region) Bulgarian, Russian, Ukrainian, Persian, Azerbaijani, Korean
Bulgarian, Russian, Ukrainian, Persian, Azerbaijani, and Korean form of OSSETIA.
OTRISH اتریش (Country) Persian
Persian form of French Autriche (see AUSTRIA).
PADANG پادنگ (Settlement) Indonesian, Minangkabau, Acehnese, Balinese, Javanese, Malay, Sundanese, Afrikaans, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Korean, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Urdu, Uzbek
Means "field, plain" in Indonesian. This is the name of the capital city of West Sumatra province, Indonesia.
PAHANG پاهانگ (Political Subdivision & River) Malay, Indonesian, Banjar, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Italian, Korean, Macedonian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Urdu
Uncertain, possibly from mahang, the Malay name for a type of tree native to the area (genus Macaranga), or from Khmer ប៉ាហាំង (paahang) meaning "tin". This is the name of a Malaysian state as well as a river that flows through the region.
PANAMA پاناما (Country) Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Belarusian, Bengali, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Burmese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Irish, Italian, Japanese, Kazakh, Khmer, Korean, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Lao, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek
From Spanish Panamá of uncertain meaning. It may be derived from the name of a tree commonly found in the area (genus Sterculia), from an indigenous word meaning "many butterflies", from Kuna bannaba meaning "distant, far away", or from a Guaraní word meaning "place of many fish"... [more]
PANGASINAN پانگاسینان (Political Subdivision) Filipino, Pangasinan, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu
From the name of the Pangasinan people meaning "place of salt" or "land of salt", derived from Pangasinan pang- meaning "for", asin meaning "salt", and the place marker suffix -an... [more]
PEKAN پکن (Settlement) Persian
Persian form of BEIJING.
QAFQAZ قفقاز (Region & Mountain) Persian, Azerbaijani
Persian and Azerbaijani form of CAUCASUS.
QAHEREH قاهره (Settlement) Persian
Persian form of CAIRO.
QATAR قطر (Country) Arabic, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Persian, Romanian, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Urdu, Uyghur, Uzbek
From Catharrei, the name given to the inhabitants of region by Roman writer Pliny the Elder, which may have been based on the name of a local settlement. The name Catara was later used by Greek astronomer Ptolemy to refer to the peninsula, which was eventually transmitted into Arabic... [more]
QAZZAQESTAN قزاقستان (Country) Persian
Persian form of KAZAKHSTAN.
QERQIZESTAN قرقیزستان (Country) Persian
Persian form of KYRGYZSTAN.
RIGA ریگا (Settlement) Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Bengali, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Faroese, French, Georgian, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kazakh, Korean, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Turkmen, Urdu, Uyghur, Uzbek
From Latvian Rīga, origin disputed. It may be derived from Livonian ringa meaning "loop", referring to an ancient harbor formed by the tributary loop of the Daugava river, from Riege, the German name of the Rīdzene (a tributary of the Daugava), or from Latvian rija meaning "threshing barn"... [more]
ROMANI رومانی (Country) Persian
Persian form of ROMANIA.
SABAH صباح (Political Subdivision) Malay, Indonesian, Acehnese, Banjar, Javanese, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Indian, Hindi, Hungarian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Romanian, Serbian, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Urdu
Of uncertain meaning, possibly from the name of the saba banana (a cultivar originally from the Philippines) from a Visayan word meaning "loud, noisy". Other theories suggest that it is derived from a Brunei Malay word meaning "upstream, northerly", from Malay sabak referring to a place where palm sugar is extracted, or from Arabic صَبَاح (ṣabāḥ) meaning "morning"... [more]
SAKHA ساخا (Political Subdivision) Yakut, Russian, Arabic, Armenian, Belarusian, Danish, English, French, Georgian, Hindi, Indonesian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Malay, Mongolian, Persian, Portuguese, Tagalog, Thai, Ukrainian, Urdu
From the name of the Sakha (Yakut) people, which is derived from Turkic jaka meaning "collar, edge". This is the name of a Russian federal republic also referred to as Yakutia.
SANGAPUR سنگاپور (Country) Persian
Persian form of SINGAPORE.
SARAWAK ساراواک (Political Subdivision) Malay, Indonesian, Acehnese, Banjar, Javanese, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Korean, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Romanian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Urdu
Probably from Sarawak Malay serawak or serewa meaning "antimony". This is the name of a state in eastern Malaysia.
SATUN ساتون (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Thai, Arabic, Bulgarian, Dutch, English, French, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Lao, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Tajik, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu
Derived from Malay sentul meaning "santol" (a type of tropical fruit). This is the name of a province and city in southern Thailand.
SERBESTAN صربستان (Country) Persian
From Persian صرب (serb) meaning "Serb, Serbian" combined with the suffix ستان (stan) meaning "land of". This is the Persian name for Serbia.
SEYSHEL سیشل (Country) Persian
Persian form of SEYCHELLES.
SHANGHAI شانگهای (Settlement) Chinese, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Romanian, Swedish, Tagalog
From Chinese 上 (shàng) meaning "up, on, upon" and 海 (hǎi) meaning "sea". This is the name of a city in China.
SICHUAN سیچوآن (Political Subdivision) Chinese, Afrikaans, Armenian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Urdu, Uzbek
Means "four rivers" in Chinese, from 四 (sì) meaning "four" and 川 (chuān) meaning "river, stream". This is the name of a Chinese province.
SUKHUMI سوخومی (Settlement) Arabic, Belarusian, Chechen, Danish, English, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Portuguese, Russian, Tajik, Ukrainian
From Georgian სოხუმი (soxumi), which is of uncertain origin. It may be from Georgian ციხე (cixe) meaning "fortress" combined with the suffix ომი (-omi) denoting a geographical location or from Svan ცხუმ (cxum) meaning "hornbeam"... [more]
SULU سولو (Political Subdivision, Region & Body of Water) Filipino, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Arabic, Azerbaijani, Chinese, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek
From Suluk, the Malay name for the Tausug people, in turn derived from Tausug Tau Sūg meaning "people of the current", from tau meaning "man, person" and sūg meaning "(sea) current, flow of water"... [more]
SUMATRA سوماترا (Political Subdivision & Island) Indonesian, Acehnese, Balinese, Banjar, Javanese, Malay, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Nepali, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, Turkish, Uzbek
From Sanskrit समुद्र (samudrá) meaning "sea, ocean". This is the name of an island in Indonesia as well as three Indonesian provinces.
SURABAYA سورابایا (Settlement) Indonesian, Javanese, Acehnese, Balinese, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Afrikaans, Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek
From Javanese ꦯꦸꦫꦧꦪ (shurabaya), derived from ꦯꦸꦫ (shura) meaning "white shark" and ꦧꦪ (baya) meaning "crocodile". The name comes from 12th-century Javanese monarch Jayabaya, who foresaw a fight between a white shark and crocodile (which might have been referring to a Mongol invasion of Java in the late 13th century)... [more]
SURINAM سورینام (Country) Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dhivehi, English, Hindi, Kazakh, Korean, Kyrgyz, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Maltese, Mongolian, Nepali, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tajik, Thai, Turkish, Turkmen, Urdu, Uyghur, Uzbek
English variant of SURINAME as well as the standard name for the country in several languages.
TAJIKESTAN تاجیکستان (Country) Persian
Persian form of TAJIKISTAN.
TASHKAND تاشکند (Settlement) Hindi, Pashto, Persian
Hindi, Pashto, and Persian form of TASHKENT.
TIMFU تیمفو (Settlement) Arabic, Pashto, Persian
Arabic, Pashto, and Persian form of THIMPHU.
TORKAMANESTAN ترکمنستان (Country) Persian
Persian form of TURKMENISTAN.
TORKIYE ترکیه (Country) Persian
Persian form of TURKEY.
TRANG ترانگ (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Thai, Bulgarian, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Tajik, Turkish, Urdu
Either from Malay terang meaning "bright, light, clear" or from Sanskrit तरंग (taraṃga) meaning "wave, ripple". This is the name of a province and city in southern Thailand.
TUNES تونس (Country & Settlement) Persian
Persian form of TUNIS, referring to both the country and city.
TUSTAN (Settlement) Persian
VIYATNAM ویتنام (Country) Hindi, Persian, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu
Hindi, Persian, Tamil, Telugu, and Urdu form of VIETNAM.
YALA یالا (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Thai, Malay, Arabic, Bulgarian, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Tajik, Turkish, Urdu
Derived from Malay jala meaning "net", ultimately from Sanskrit जाल (jāla). This is the name of a province in southern Thailand as well as the region's capital city.
YAMAN یمن (Country) Arabic, Chechen, Dhivehi, Hindi, Indonesian, Malay, Persian, Tajik, Tatar, Urdu, Uzbek
Form of YEMEN. In Arabic, it is usually written with the definite article: اليمن (al-Yaman).
YANGON یانگون (Settlement) Burmese, Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Tagalog, Turkish, Uzbek
Means "end of strife" in Burmese, from ရန် (yan) meaning "enemy, danger" or "quarrel" combined with ကုန် (gon) meaning "to run out, end". This is the name of the largest city in Myanmar (Burma), which served as the country's capital until 2006... [more]
YUNAN یونان (Country) Arabic, Dhivehi, Hindi, Pashto, Persian, Punjabi, Urdu
Form of Ionia used to refer to the country of Greece. The Arabic name is usually written with a definite article as اليونان (al-Yunan).
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