Malay Submitted Place Names

Malay names are used in Malaysia, Indonesia, Brunei, Singapore, and Thailand.
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Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
ABKHAZIA (Country) Armenian, Basque, English, Galician, Indonesian, Malay, Urdu
From Russian Абхазия (Abkhaziya) from Georgian აფხაზეთი (Apxazeti), which is derived from აფხაზი (Apxazi), the Georgian name for the Abkhaz people... [more]
ABUJA (Settlement) Western African, Hausa, Igbo, Yoruba, Afrikaans, Arabic, Armenian, Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Urdu
From Abu-Ja, a nickname of 19th-century monarch Abubakar Jatau (sometimes referred to as "Abu"), who founded what is now the city of Abuja in 1828. By some accounts, he was described as having fair skin, which possibly earned him the nickname Ja meaning "red" in Hausa... [more]
ACEH اچيه (Political Subdivision) Indonesian, Buginese, Malay, Minangkabau, Danish, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Icelandic, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
From Acehnese Acèh, meaning uncertain. A popular backronym states that it is derived from Indonesian Arab, Cina, Eropa, Hindia meaning "Arab, China, Europe, Indies" referring to the groups and regions that have historically influenced the people of Aceh... [more]
ADYGEA (Political Subdivision) English, Indonesian, Malay, Tagalog
From Russian Адыгея (Adygeya), which is from Adyghe адыгэ (adyge), the endonym of the Circassian (Adyghe) people. The ethnic name is of uncertain meaning, though it may mean "mountain between seas" or "mountain by the sea"... [more]
ALMATY (Settlement) Kazakh, Albanian, Belarusian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkmen, Ukrainian
Meaning uncertain, possibly from Kazakh алма (alma) meaning "apple". This is the name of the largest city in Kazakhstan.
ALOR SETAR الور ستار‎ (Settlement) Malay, Indonesian, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hindi, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
From Malay alor meaning "river, stream" and setar meaning "gandaria" (a type of fruit). This is the name of a city in Malaysia that serves as the capital of Kedah.
ARAB SAUDI (Country) Indonesian, Malay
Indonesian and Malay form of SAUDI ARABIA.
ASHGABAT (Settlement) Armenian, English, Hebrew, Indonesian, Malay, Tagalog
From Turkmen Aşgabat from Persian عشق‌آباد (ešq-âbâd) meaning "city of love", derived from عشق (ešq) meaning "love, passion" and آباد (âbâd)# meaning "city"... [more]
ASTANA (Settlement) Kazakh, Afrikaans, Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Greek, Hindi, Indonesian, Kyrgyz, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Means "capital city" in Kazakh, ultimately from Persian آستانه (âstâne). This was the name of the capital city of Kazakhstan, which was renamed Nur-Sultan in 2019.
AYUTTHAYA (Country & Settlement) Thai, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Derived from Sanskrit अयुध्य (ayudhya) meaning "invincible, unconquerable". This was the name of a kingdom (as well as one of its capital cities) that reigned from 1350 to 1767, considered the precursor of modern Thailand.
AZERBAIJAN (Country & Region) English, Basque, Indonesian, Malay
From Persian آذربایجان (âzarbâyjân), which is from Middle Persian Ādurbādagān referring to ATROPATES, an ancient Persian governor under the Achaemenid Empire... [more]
AZORES (Political Subdivision & Region) English, Greek, Indonesian, Malay, Spanish, Tagalog
From Portuguese Açores meaning "goshawks", the plural of açor meaning "goshawk". This is the name of an archipelago located in the North Atlantic Ocean and one of the two autonomous regions of Portugal.
BAHRAIN (Country) Arabic, Catalan, Danish, English, Finnish, German, Indonesian, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian, Swedish, Tagalog
Means "two seas" in Arabic, derived from بَحْر (baḥr) meaning "sea" and ـَيْنِ (ayni), a pluralising suffix. In Arabic it is typically written with the definite article as البحرين (al-Bahrain)... [more]
BAITULMUQADDIS (Settlement) Malay
Malay form of BAYT AL-MAQDIS, used as the Malay name for Jerusalem.
BAKU (Settlement) Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Chinese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, English, Finnish, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Kyrgyz, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Nepali, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uyghur
From Azerbaijani Bakı from Persian باکو (bâku), which is of uncertain meaning. One popular etymology suggests that it means "wind-pounded city" from Persian باد (bâd) meaning "wind" and کوبیدن (kubidan) meaning "to pound, to beat" (given in reference to the area's storms and high winds)... [more]
BALI بالي (Political Subdivision & Island) Indonesian, Balinese, Acehnese, Javanese, Malay, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Chinese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Italian, Kazakh, Latvian, Macedonian, Mongolian, Nepali, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek
Derived from Sanskrit बलि (bali) meaning "offering, tribute". This is the name of an island and province in Indonesia.
BANDAR SERI BEGAWAN بندر سري بڬاوان (Settlement) Malay, Indonesian, Afrikaans, Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
From Malay bandar meaning "town", seri meaning "radiance, splendour, glory", and begawan meaning "holy". The name comes from Seri Begawan, a Malay title used by Bruneian Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien III (1914-1986), which is ultimately derived from Sanskrit श्री भगवान् (śrī bhagvān) meaning "radiance of the gods"... [more]
BANDUNG بندوڠ (Settlement) Indonesian, Sundanese, Acehnese, Balinese, Banjar, Malay, Minangkabau, Albanian, Armenian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Kazakh, Korean, Kyrgyz, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, Turkish, Urdu, Uzbek
From Indonesian bendung or bendungan meaning "dam, dike", used to refer to the area in relation to the nearby Citarum River. Local sources also relate the name to the phrase Nga-Bandung-an Banda Indung, which is considered sacred in Sundanese culture... [more]
BANGKOK بڠكوق (Settlement) Thai, Afrikaans, Armenian, Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Korean, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Lao, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Uzbek
Believed to be derived from Thai บาง (baang) meaning "community, village, settlement" and กอก (gòk) meaning "olive", possibly used in reference to the olive trees that grew around the area... [more]
BANGLADESH (Country) Bengali, Armenian, Basque, Breton, Bulgarian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Hebrew, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Swahili, Swedish, Uzbek
From Bengali বাংলাদেশ (Bangladeś) meaning "land of the Bengalis", from the name of the Bengali people and Sanskrit देश (deśá) meaning "country, kingdom, land, state"... [more]
BANGSAMORO (Political Subdivision) Filipino, Maguindanao, Maranao, Cebuano, Ilocano, Tagalog, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Korean, Malay, Portuguese, Serbian, Turkish
From Malay bangsa meaning "nation, country, race" combined with Moro, the collective term for the thirteen predominantly Muslim ethnic groups of the Philippines, which is ultimately of Spanish origin... [more]
BANTEN (Political Subdivision) Indonesian, Sundanese, Acehnese, Balinese, Javanese, Malay, Minangkabau, Afrikaans, Albanian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Russian, Serbian, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian
Meaning uncertain. It may be derived from the Sundanese and Bantenese phrase katiban inten meaning "struck down by diamonds", which was used to describe the spead of Islam in the region in the 15th century... [more]
BASHKORTOSTAN (Political Subdivision) Abkhaz, Bulgarian, Buryat, English, Hebrew, Indonesian, Komi, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Ossetian, Russian, Tatar, Ukrainian, Yakut
From Bashkir Башҡортостан (Bashqortostan), which is from башҡорт (bashqort), the name of the people, combined with the Persian suffix -ستان (-stan) meaning "land of"... [more]
BELANDA (Country) Indonesian, Balinese, Buginese, Malay
Form of HOLLAND (1), referring to the entire country of the Netherlands.
BELGRADE (Settlement) English, French, Malay
From Serbian Београд (Beograd) meaning "white city", from the Slavic roots beli or beo meaning "white" combined with grad meaning "city, town". This is the name of the capital city of Serbia.
BHUTAN (Country) English, Bengali, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Nepali, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Urdu
Probably from བོད (bod), the Tibetan name for the region of Tibet, derived from Sanskrit भोट-अन्त (bhoṭa-anta) meaning "end of Tibet" (referring to the country's geographical location in southern extremity of the Tibetan plateau)... [more]
BISHKEK (Settlement) Kyrgyz, Armenian, Belarusian, Bengali, Bulgarian, English, Hindi, Indonesian, Kazakh, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Persian, Russian, Tajik, Ukrainian, Uyghur, Uzbek
Meaning uncertain. One theory suggests that it comes from a word meaning "whorl, whisk" in Kyrgyz, referring to a tool used to prepare kumis (a traditional dairy product). It could also mean "five heights" from Kyrgyz беш (besh) meaning "five" and бийик (biyik) meaning "tall, high", or it could mean "five chiefs" from беш (besh) meaning "five" and the Turkish title beg meaning "chieftain, master"... [more]
BOGOR (Settlement) Indonesian, Sundanese, Javanese, Malay, Minangkabau, Afrikaans, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Uzbek
Means "sugar palm" (a type of tree) in Indonesian. This is the name of a city in West Java province, Indonesia.
BOSNIA DAN HERZEGOVINA (Country) Indonesian, Malay
Indonesian and Malay form of BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA.
BRUNEI بروني (Country) Malay, Albanian, Basque, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Luxembourgish, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Ukrainian
Probably derived from the name of the island of Borneo, which in turn is most likely from Sanskrit वरुण (váruṇa) meaning "ocean, water". A local legend suggests that the name may be derived from the phrase baru nah meaning "there!" or "that's it!", which was supposedly declared by Muhammad Shah, Brunei's first sultan... [more]
BUKITTINGGI بوكيتتيڠڬي (Settlement) Indonesian, Minangkabau, Javanese, Malay, Afrikaans, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Polish, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Means "tall hill" from Indonesian bukit meaning "hill" and tinggi meaning "high, tall". This is the name of a city in West Sumatra province, Indonesia.
BURUNDI (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Breton, Bulgarian, Burmese, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Faroese, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian
The name of the Country in East Africa. Burundi, officially the Republic of Burundi, is a landlocked country in the African Great Lakes region of East Africa, bordered by Rwanda to the north, Tanzania to the east and south, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west.
BURYATIA (Political Subdivision) Armenian, English, Indonesian, Malay, Tagalog
From Russian Бурятия (Buryatiya) from the name of the Buryat people. The ethnic name is from Buryat буряад (buryaad), which is of uncertain origin and meaning, possibly from Buryat буртэ (burte) meaning "wolf"... [more]
BUSAN (Settlement) Korean, Afrikaans, Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Serbian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
From Sino-Korean 釜山 (Busan) meaning "cauldron mountain" from 釜 (bu) meaning "cauldron, pot, kettle" and 山 (san) meaning "mountain". This is the name of a city in South Korea.
CALIFORNIA (Political Subdivision) Spanish, English, Asturian, Estonian, Galician, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian, Tagalog
From the name of a fictional utopian island featured in the 16th-century novel Las sergas de Esplandián by Spanish author Garci Rodríguez de Montalvo. The name comes from the island's queen, Calafia (or Califia), whose name is derived from Arabic خَلِيفَة (ḵalīfa) meaning "caliph"... [more]
CASABLANCA (Settlement) Afrikaans, Bosnian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
Means "white house" in Spanish, from casa meaning "house" and blanca meaning "white". The name originates from a Spanish translation of the Arabic name الدَّار الْبَيْضَاء (ad-Dār al-Bayḍāʾ), which in turn was derived from a calque of the Portuguese name Casa Branca... [more]
CEBU (Political Subdivision, Settlement & Island) Filipino, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Afrikaans, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Swedish, Turkish
From Cebuano Sugbo, which is derived from Old Cebuano sibu or sibo meaning "trade", itself a shortened form of sinibuayng hingpit meaning "place for trading". This is the name of an island, province, and city (Cebu City) in the Philippines.
CHECHNYA (Political Subdivision) Russian, English, Indonesian, Malay, Tagalog
Means "(place) of the Chechens", derived from the Russian name for the Chechen people. The exonym is of uncertain meaning, with Russian folk etymologies suggesting that it originates from the name of a village; on the other hand, it may be derived from the Kabardian name Шашан (Shashan)... [more]
CHONGQING (Settlement) Chinese, Afrikaans, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kurdish, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
From Chinese 重 (chóng) meaning "to double, to duplicate" and 庆 (qìng) meaning "celebration, to celebrate". This is the name of a city in China.
COLOMBO (Settlement) Afrikaans, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Luxembourgish, Malay, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
Probably from old Sinhalese kolamba meaning "ferry" or "port". It is popularly believed to be derived from Sinhalese කොලොන් තොට (kolon toṭa) meaning "port on the river Kelani" or කොල අඹ (kola am̆ba) meaning "leafy mango grove", altered with influence from the name of Italian explorer Christopher Columbus or Latin columba meaning "dove"... [more]
COTABATO (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Filipino, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
From Maguindanao Kutawatu meaning "stone city", from kuta meaning "city, fort" and wato meaning "stone, rock". This is the name of both a province and a city in the southern Philippines.
CURAÇAO (Political Subdivision & Island) Afrikaans, Basque, Bosnian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Swedish, Turkish
An island in the Caribbean Sea that is part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
DAGESTAN (Political Subdivision) Russian, Afrikaans, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog
Derived from Turkish dağ meaning "mountain" and the Persian suffix -ستان (-stan) meaning "land of". This is the name of a federal subject of Russia.
DENPASAR (Settlement) Indonesian, Acehnese, Javanese, Minangkabau, Afrikaans, Albanian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Czech, Dutch, Danish, English, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian
From Balinese ᬤᬾᬦ᭄ᬧᬲᬃ (dénpasar) derived from den meaning "north" and pasar meaning "market". This is the name of a city in Indonesia and the capital of Bali.
DHAKA (Settlement) Bengali, Afrikaans, Albanian, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Luxembourgish, Malay, Nepali, Norwegian, Polish, Swedish, Tagalog, Urdu
Uncertain, possibly from the name of the dhak tree (scientific name Butea monosperma), which used to grow in the area, from Bengali ঢাক (ḍhak) referring to a traditional membranophone instrument, or from the name of the Hindu goddess Dhakeshwari... [more]
DNIESTER (River) English, Indonesian, Malay
Derived from Sarmatian dānu nazdya meaning "the close river" (as in, the river close-by). This is the name of a river in Eastern Europe, which flows through Ukraine and Moldova to the Black Sea.
DUSHANBE (Settlement) Tajik, Armenian, Belarusian, Bulgarian, English, Georgian, Hindi, Indonesian, Japanese, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Malay, Mongolian, Russian, Tagalog, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Mean "Monday" in Tajik, given in reference to a popular market that used to be held in the area on Mondays. This is the name of the capital of Tajikistan.
EROPAH ايروڤه (Region) Malay, Indonesian, Buginese
Malay and Buginese form of EUROPE.
FLORIDA (Political Subdivision) Spanish, English, Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kurdish, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Turkish, Uzbek
Means "flowery, ornate" in Spanish, a short form of either la Florida meaning "the flowery one" or Pascua Florida meaning "flowery Easter" (a Spanish name for Palm Sunday, so named because the region was discovered by Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de León on that day in 1513)... [more]
GABON (Country) Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Turkish
Derived from Portuguese gabão meaning "cloak, overcoat", used to refer to the shape of the estuary of the Komo River by Libreville. This is the name of a country in Central Africa along the Atlantic coast.
GANGES (River) Afrikaans, Armenian, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Icelandic, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
From Ancient Greek Γάγγης (Gángēs) from Sanskrit गङ्गा (gáṅgā) meaning "swift-goer", ultimately from गच्छति (gacchati) meaning "to go". This is the name of a river in South Asia that flows through India and Bangladesh.
GRENADA (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, Georgian, German, Greek, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Uzbek
Probably from Granada, the name of a city in Andalusia, Spain, which is derived from Arabic غَرْنَاطَة‎ (ḡarnāṭa) possibly meaning "hill of strangers". This is the name of an island country in the Caribbean.
GROZNY (Settlement) Russian, Dutch, English, French, Indonesian, Kazakh, Malay, Mongolian, Polish, Tagalog
Means "formidable, menacing, fearsome" in Russian. This is the name of the capital city of Chechnya.
HABSYAH (Country) Malay
From the name of the Habesha people, a collective term for Ethiopians and Eritreans, which is of uncertain origin and meaning. This is the Malay name for Ethiopia.
HANOI (Settlement) Afrikaans, Armenian, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, Georgian, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Kurdish, Lao, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Turkish
From Vietnamese Hà Nội, which is from Sino-Vietnamese 河內 (Hà Nội). The name is derived from Chinese 河內 (Hénèi) meaning "inside the river", from 河 (hé) meaning "river" and 內 (nèi) meaning "inside, interior", so named because of the area's location within the Red River... [more]
HAVANA (Settlement) Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Czech, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Georgian, Hindi, Icelandic, Indonesian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu
From Spanish Habana, which is derived from Habaguanex, the name of a Taíno chief who controlled the area. This is the name of the capital city of Cuba.
ICELAND (Country & Island) English, Malay, Tagalog
From Icelandic Ísland, which is derived from Old Norse íss meaning "ice" and land meaning "land, country". This is the name of a Nordic island country in the Atlantic Ocean.
INGUSHETIA (Political Subdivision) Armenian, English, Indonesian, Malay, Tagalog
Means "(place) of the Ingush", from the Russian name for the Ingush people (natively called Ghalghai). The ethnic name is believed to be derived from Ангушт (Angusht), the Ingush name of a village currently located in North Ossetia-Alania... [more]
IPOH اڤوه‎ (Settlement) Malay, Indonesian, Banjar, Bulgarian, Czech, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Italian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
From Malay ipuh meaning "upas (a type of poisonous tree)". This is the name of a city in Malaysia that serves as the capital of the state of Perak.
ISLAMABAD (Settlement) Afrikaans, Armenian, Belarusian, Bengali, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Ukrainian, Uyghur
From Urdu اسلام آباد (Islām ābād) meaning "city of Islam" from the name of the religion of Islam and Urdu آباد (ābād) meaning "inhabited place, city". This is the name of the capital city of Pakistan.
ISTANBUL (Settlement) Arabic, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, English, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Urdu, Uyghur, Uzbek
From Turkish İstanbul, which comes from a misinterpretation of the Medieval Greek phrase εἰς τὴν Πόλιν (eis tḗn pólin) meaning "to the City", a colloquial name for the city of Constantinople (reflecting its status as the only major city in the vicinity)... [more]
JAKARTA جاكرتا (Settlement) Indonesian, Acehnese, Balinese, Javanese, Malay, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Arabic, Armenian, Bengali, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Mongolian, Persian, Romanian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkmen, Urdu, Uzbek
From Sanskrit जयकर्त (jayakarta) meaning "that which causes victory", from जय (jayá) meaning "victory, triumph" combined with कृत (kṛtá) meaning "done, made, accomplished"... [more]
JAMAICA (Country & Island) Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Hungarian, Malay, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish
From Taíno Xaymaca meaning "land of wood and water" or "land of springs". This is the name of an island country in the Caribbean.
JAWA جاوا (Political Subdivision & Island) Indonesian, Javanese, Acehnese, Balinese, Banjar, Buginese, Malay, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Arabic, Japanese, Polish, Urdu
Form of JAVA used in various languages as well as an Arabic alternate transcription of JAWAH.
JEPUN جيڤون (Country) Malay
Malay form of JAPAN.
JERMAN جرمان (Country) Indonesian, Malay
Indonesian and Malay form of GERMANY.
JOHOR جوهر (Political Subdivision) Malay, Indonesian, Acehnese, Banjar, Javanese, Minangkabau, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
From Arabic جَوْهَر (jawhar) meaning "jewel, precious stone", ultimately from Persian جوهر (jowhar). This is the name of a state in southern Malaysia.
JOHOR BAHRU جوهر بهرو (Settlement) Malay, Indonesian, Banjar, Javanese, Minangkabau, Czech, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish, Tagalog, Turkish
Means "new gem" from Arabic جَوْهَر‎ (jawhar) meaning "jewel, precious stone, gem" and Malay bahru meaning "new". This is the name of a city in Malaysia.
JOLO (Settlement & Island) Filipino, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Azerbaijani, Croatian, Czech, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Swedish
Probably from Hokkien 好儂 (hó lâng) meaning "good people", named by Chinese traders to reflect how they perceived the native people of the region. This is the name of an island in the southern Philippines as well as the capital city of the province of Sulu.
KABUL (Settlement) Arabic, Armenian, Belarusian, Bengali, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Korean, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Ukrainian
From Pashto کابل (Kâbël) which may have been derived from Kambuja or Kamboja, the name of an ancient Indo-Iranian tribe and kingdom. The name is of uncertain meaning, possibly from Sanskrit काम (kā́ma) meaning "wish, desire, longing" and भुज् (bhuj) meaning "use, possess, rule"... [more]
KAHERAH (Settlement) Malay
Malay form of CAIRO.
KALIMANTAN (Political Subdivision, Island & Region) Indonesian, Acehnese, Balinese, Banjar, Buginese, Javanese, Malay, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Czech, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hindi, Icelandic, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Turkish, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Means "burning weather (island)" from Sanskrit काल (kālá) meaning "time, season" and क्वथन (kvathana) meaning "boiling, churning". This is the name of the Indonesian portion of the island of Borneo, though it is used to refer to the entire island in Indonesian... [more]
KALMYKIA (Political Subdivision) English, Indonesian, Malay, Tagalog
From Russian Калмыкия (Kalmykiya) ultimately from хальмг (xal'mg), the native name of the Kalmyk people. The ethnic name is of probably Mongolian origin meaning "the people moving away", from Mongolian халих (khalikh) meaning "overflow, flood", referring to how the Kalmyk people were originally Mongolians who "leaked away" from their ancestral homeland... [more]
KARELIA (Political Subdivision & Region) Armenian, English, Georgian, Indonesian, Malay, Polish, Norwegian, Tagalog
From Russian Карелия (Kareliya), which is from Karelian and Finnish Karjala derived from Finnish karja meaning "cattle, livestock" combined with the suffix -la denoting location... [more]
KASHIWA (Settlement) Japanese, Arabic, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Malay, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Urdu
From Japanese 柏 (kashiwa) meaning "oak". This is the name of a city in Chiba Prefecture, Japan.
KATHMANDU (Settlement) Nepali, Bengali, Dutch, English, German, Gujarati, Hindi, Indonesian, Kannada, Malay, Malayalam, Marathi, Punjabi, Romanian, Telugu, Urdu
From Sanskrit काष्ठमण्डप (kāṣṭhamaṇḍapa), the name of a Hindu temple and shrine in Nepal. The name means "wooden pavilion" from Sanskrit काष्ठ (kāṣṭha) meaning "wood, timbre" combined with मण्डप (maṇḍapa) meaning "pavilion, hall, square, public shelter"... [more]
KAZAN (Settlement) Tatar, Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Buryat, Chechen, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, Hindi, Indonesian, Ingush, Japanese, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Lezgin, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Romanian, Russian, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Yakut
Probably from Turkic qazan meaning "kettle, cauldron". This is the name of the capital city of Tatarstan.
KEDAH قدح (Political Subdivision) Malay, Indonesian, Acehnese, Banjar, Azerbaijani, Bengali, Bulgarian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Italian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
From Arabic قتح‎ (qataḥa), which is derived from the Tamil name கடாரம் (kadāram) possibly meaning "boiler, stockpot, cauldron". This is the name of a Malaysian state.
KELANTAN کلنتن (Political Subdivision) Malay, Indonesian, Banjar, Javanese, Bulgarian, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian
Meaning uncertain, possibly from Malay gelam hutam referring to the cajeput tree, kilatan meaning "lightning, flash", or kolam tanah meaning "dirt pool". Alternatively, it may be from கோலம் (kōlam) the Tamil name for rangoli, an art form from the Indian subcontinent... [more]
KELATÉ کلنتن (Political Subdivision) Malay
Kelantan Malay form of KELANTAN.
KEMBOJA (Country) Malay
Malay form of CAMBODIA.
KOMI (Political Subdivision) Komi, Russian, Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kazakh, Korean, Kyrgyz, Latvian, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From the name of the Komi people, which is most likely derived from the Finno-Ugric word kojema meaning "man, human", but also possibly from the name of the Kama River... [more]
KOMODO (Settlement & Island) Indonesian, Javanese, Malay, Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Lithuanian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Ukrainian
Meaning uncertain, possibly from the name of a local ethnic group. This is the name of an island and village in eastern Indonesia.
KOSOVO (Country) Afrikaans, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Indonesian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Ukrainian
From Albanian Kosova or Kosovë, which is derived from Serbian кос (kos) meaning "blackbird", an ellipsis of Косово Поље (Kosovo Polje) meaning "blackbird field"... [more]
KOTA BHARU کوت بهارو‎ (Settlement) Malay, Indonesian, Banjar, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Means "new city" in Malay, from kota meaning "city, town, fort" and baharu meaning "new". This is the name of a city in Malaysia that serves as the capital of Kelantan.
KRABI (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Thai, Arabic, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Tajik, Turkish, Urdu
Means "sword" in Thai. This is the name of a province and city in southern Thailand.
KRIMEA (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) Albanian, Indonesian, Malay, Maltese
Albanian, Indonesian, Malay, and Maltese form of CRIMEA.
KRITI (Political Subdivision & Island) Greek, Malay
Modern Greek transcription of Krete (see CRETE) as well as the Malay form. This is the name of the largest and most populous island of Greece.
KUALA LUMPUR کوالا لومڤور‎ (Settlement) Malay, Indonesian, Acehnese, Banjar, Javanese, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Afrikaans, Armenian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Macedonian, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Turkmen, Uzbek
Means "muddy confluence" from Malay kuala meaning "confluence" and lumpur "mud". This is the name of the capital and largest city of Malaysia.
KUALA TERENGGANU کوالا ترڠݢانو‎ (Settlement) Malay, Indonesian, Banjar, Bulgarian, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
From Malay kuala meaning "confluence" combined with TERENGGANU. This is the name of a city in Malaysia that serves as the capital of the state of Terengganu.
KUWAIT (Country) Arabic, Danish, English, Finnish, German, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
Of uncertain meaning, possibly from the alleged Arabic root ك و ت (k-w-t) or from a word meaning "fortress built near water". This is the name of a country in Western Asia, usually written with the definite article: الكويت (al-Kuwait) in Arabic.
LAGOS (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Western African, Hausa, Igbo, Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Turkmen, Uzbek
From Portuguese lagos meaning "lakes". This is the name of a city in Nigeria as well as a state of the same name.
LAMPUNG (Political Subdivision) Indonesian, Acehnese, Balinese, Javanese, Malay, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Albanian, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Urdu
From Tolang Pohwang, the name of a 7th-century kingdom, which is derived from Lampungese to meaning "people" and Lang Pohwang meaning "Lampung" (of uncertain etymology). This is the name of an Indonesian province in southern Sumatra.
LANAO (Political Subdivision & Body of Water) Filipino, Cebuano, Tagalog, Ilocano, Pampangan, Chinese, Czech, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Russian, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian
From Maranao ranaw meaning "lake, body of water". This is the name of a lake and two provinces in the southern Philippines.
LAOS (Country) Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dhivehi, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hindi, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Nepali, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Coined by the French when they united the three historical Lao kingdoms into French Indochina, a former group of colonial territories in Southeast Asia. The name comes from Lao ລາວ (lāo), the ethnic name of Lao people, who were the dominant group in the region... [more]
LHASA (Settlement) Tibetan, Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bhutanese, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, Georgian, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Latvian, Malay, Nepali, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Romanian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Urdu
From Tibetan ལྷ་ས (lha sa) meaning "land of gods", derived from ལྷ (lha) meaning "deity, god" and ས (sa) meaning "land, earth". Alternatively, it may have been an alteration of Old Tibetan ར་ས (ra sa) meaning "land of goats" or "fortified land" from ར (ra) meaning "goat" or "enclosure" and ས (sa) meaning "land, earth"... [more]
LIBYA (Country) Northern African, Berber, Burmese, English, Faroese, Finnish, Hausa, Indonesian, Malay, Norwegian, Swahili, Tagalog, Turkish
From Arabic ليبيا‎ (Lībiyā) from Ancient Greek Λιβύη (Libúē), which is derived from Libu, the name of an ancient Berber tribe (attested as rbw in Egyptian)... [more]
LISBON (Settlement) English, Crimean Tatar, Indonesian, Malay, Thai
From Portuguese Lisboa derived from Latin Olisīpō, which is of uncertain meaning. Folk etymologies state that it comes from the name Odysseus or Ulysses, though it may have been derived from Phoenician ʿlyṣ ʿbʾ or ʿaliṣ-ʿuboʾ meaning "safe harbour".... [more]
LUZON (Island) Filipino, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Afrikaans, Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Turkish
Of uncertain meaning, probably from Tagalog lusong meaning "mortar (for pounding rice)". This is the name of the largest island in the Philippines.
MADRID (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Spanish, Afrikaans, Arabic, Armenian, Asturian, Azerbaijani, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Galician, German, Hebrew, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Turkmen, Uzbek
From the older name Magerit, which is of uncertain meaning and origin. It may be derived from Arabic اَلْمَجْرِيط‎ (al-majrīṭ) meaning "source of water", from Latin matrix meaning "mother, source, origin (of rivers)", or from Celtic mageto ritu meaning "great bridge"... [more]
MAGUINDANAO (Political Subdivision) Filipino, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Swedish, Turkish
From Spanish Maguindanao, which is a corruption of Magindanaw, the endonym of the Maguindanao people. The ethnic name means "people of the flood plains" or "people of the lake" from the word danao meaning "lake"... [more]
MAJAPAHIT (Country & Settlement) Indonesian, Balinese, Sundanese, Malay, Afrikaans, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Sanskrit, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
Means "bitter maja", from Javanese maja referring to the bael tree (genus Aegle) and Malay pahit meaning "bitter, acrid". This was the name of a kingdom (as well as its capital city) based on the island of Java that existed from 1293 to 1527.
MAKASSAR (Settlement) Indonesian, Acehnese, Buginese, Javanese, Malay, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Romanian, Swedish, Thai, Turkish
From Makassarese akkasaraki nabbiya meaning "appearance of the prophet", taken from a legend in which a 16th-century king was supposedly approached by the Prophet Muhammad himself. This is the name of a city in Indonesia that serves as the capital of the South Sulawesi province.
MAKAU (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Dhivehi, Indonesian, Malay, Polish
Dhivehi, Indonesian, Malay, and Polish form of Macau.
MAKKAH (Settlement) Arabic, Malay, English
Arabic and Malay form of MECCA as well as an English variant.
MALAYSIA مليسيا (Country) Malay, Indonesian, Acehnese, Balinese, Banjar, Buginese, Javanese, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Danish, English, German, Italian, Norwegian, Romanian, Swedish
From the name of the Malay people combined with the Greek suffix -σία (síā). The ethnic name, in turn, is of uncertain origin. It is possibly derived from Melayu or Malayu, the name of an ancient Sumatran kingdom, which may have been derived from Tamil மலை (malai) or Malayalam മല (mala) meaning "hill, mountain" and Tamil ஊர் (ūr) meaning "village, town"... [more]
MALDIVES (Country) Catalan, English, French, Greek, Malay
Uncertain, possibly means "Malé islands" from Dhivehi މާލެ (māle) referring to Malé, the capital city of the Maldives, combined with Sanskrit द्वीप (dvīpá) meaning "island"... [more]
MALI (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Burmese, Catalan, Chinese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Lao, Latvian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Tatar, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From the name of the Mali Empire, which was derived from Mandinka or Bambara mali meaning "hippopotamus" or "the place where the king lives". This is the name of a landlocked country in West Africa.
MALTA (Country & Island) Afrikaans, Albanian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, Georgian, German, Greek, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kurdish, Latvian, Lithuanian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Origin uncertain, possibly derived from Greek μέλι (meli) meaning "honey". This is the name of an island nation in southern Europe.
MANILA (Settlement) Filipino, Cebuano, Hiligaynon, Ilocano, Maranao, Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Burmese, Chinese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, English, Estonian, Finnish, Georgian, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Tajik, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek
From Tagalog Maynila, derived from may-nilà meaning "where indigo is found", ultimately from Sanskrit नील (nī́la) referring to the indigo plant. This is the name of the capital city of the Philippines.
MARAWI (Settlement) Filipino, Maranao, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Albanian, Arabic, Dutch, English, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Urdu
From Maraghui or Marahui, the name of a historical Maranao fort and settlement that was seiged in 1895, which is of uncertain meaning. This is the name of a city in the southern Philippines that serves as the capital of the Lanao del Sur province.
MAURITANIA (Country) Albanian, English, Finnish, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian, Spanish, Tagalog
From Latin Maurītānia, itself from Maurus meaning "Moor", a historical name for the Muslims that inhabited Northern Africa and the Iberian Peninsula during the Middle Ages. This is the name of a country in West Africa.
MAYKOP (Settlement) Russian, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bulgarian, English, Indonesian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Malay, Mongolian, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From Adyghe Мыекъуапэ (Məeq°āpă) meaning "cape of apples", from мые (məe) meaning "apple" and къуапэ (q°āpă) meaning "cape, gorge, height". This is the name of the capital of Adygea.
MEDAN ميدن (Settlement) Indonesian, Batak, Malay, Minangkabau, Afrikaans, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Kyrgyz, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
Possibly from Tamil மைதானம் (maidhāṉam) meaning "ground, field", of Malay origin. This is the name of a city in Indonesia and the capital of North Sumatra province.
MINDANAO (Island) Filipino, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kazakh, Korean, Kyrgyz, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From a Spanish corruption of Magindanaw, the endonym of the Maguindanao people. The ethnic name means "people of the flood plains" or "people of the lake" from Maguindanao danao meaning "lake"... [more]
MOLDOVA (Country) Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Danish, English, Estonian, Finnish, Georgian, Hungarian, Indonesian, Latvian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Romanian, Turkish, Ukrainian
From the name of the Moldova River in eastern Romania, which is of uncertain origin and meaning. It may be from Slavic mold- meaning "spruce, fir" or *moldu meaning "tender, soft, young", from Old German molde meaning "open-pit mine", or Gothic Mulda meaning "dust, dirt"... [more]
MONROVIA (Settlement) Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Bosnian, Czech, Danish, English, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, Greek, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
The capital city of Liberia, named after American president James MONROE (1758-1831).
NAMIBIA (Country) Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Danish, English, Finnish, Georgian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Romanian, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, Urdu
From the name of the Namib Desert, derived from Khoekhoe namib meaning "desert" or "vast place". This is the name of a country in southern Africa.
NARATHIWAT (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Thai, Dutch, English, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
From Thai นร (ná-rá) meaning "man" and อธิวาส (à-tí-wâat) meaning "residence, house". This is the name of a province and city in southern Thailand.
NAYPYIDAW (Settlement) Afrikaans, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
From Burmese နေပြည်တော် (ne-pranytau) meaning "abode of the king", from နေပြည် (ne-prany) meaning "abode" and တော် (tau) meaning "royal, sacred"... [more]
NEGERI SEMBILAN نݢري سمبيلن‎ (Political Subdivision) Malay, Bulgarian, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Means "nine states" from Malay negeri meaning "state, country" and sembilan meaning "nine". The name refers to the nine original villages founded by Minangkabau settlers from Sumatra. This is the name of a state in Malaysia.
NICOSIA (Settlement) Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, English, Hungarian, Italian, Malay, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
From a French corruption of Greek Λευκωσία (Lefkosía), which is of uncertain meaning. The most probable theory states that it is derived from the Greek phrase λευκό περιουσία (lefkó periousía) meaning "white estate"... [more]
NINGXIA (Political Subdivision) Chinese, Afrikaans, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Kurdish, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
From Chinese 宁 (níng) meaning "peaceful, tranquil, quiet" and 夏 (xià) referring to the Western Xia, a historical empire that existed from 1038 to 1227. This is the name of an autonomous region in China.
NOUAKCHOTT (Settlement) French, Afrikaans, Albanian, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog
From Arabic نواكشوط (Nuwākšūṭ), which is from Tamazight Nawākšūṭ meaning "place of the winds" or inua u-kshut meaning "made of wood, made of sticks". This is the name of the capital of Mauritania.
OMAN (Country) Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bengali, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kazakh, Korean, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Uyghur
From Arabic عمان‎ (ʿUmān), which is of disputed etymology. It may be from Arabic عُمَانَة (ʿumāna), a byname for the historical city of Sohar (presently located in Al Batinah North Governorate, Oman), which is probably derived from the root ع م ن‎ (ʿ-m-n) meaning "to settle, to remain, to dwell"... [more]
OSSETIA (Region) English, Finnish, Indonesian, Malay, Norwegian
From Russian Осетия (Osetiya), from Georgian ოსეთი (oseti) derived from ოსი (osi) meaning "Ossetian". The name comes from As, the self-designation of the historic Alan people... [more]
PADANG ڤادڠ (Settlement) Indonesian, Minangkabau, Acehnese, Balinese, Javanese, Malay, Sundanese, Afrikaans, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Korean, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Urdu, Uzbek
Means "field, plain" in Indonesian. This is the name of the capital city of West Sumatra province, Indonesia.
PAHANG ڤهڠ‎ (Political Subdivision & River) Malay, Indonesian, Banjar, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Italian, Korean, Macedonian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Urdu
Uncertain, possibly from mahang, the Malay name for a type of tree native to the area (genus Macaranga), or from Khmer ប៉ាហាំង (paahang) meaning "tin". This is the name of a Malaysian state as well as a river that flows through the region.
PALESTIN (Country & Region) Malay
Malay form of PALESTINE.
PANAMA (Country) Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Belarusian, Bengali, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Burmese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Irish, Italian, Japanese, Kazakh, Khmer, Korean, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Lao, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek
From Spanish Panamá of uncertain meaning. It may be derived from the name of a tree commonly found in the area (genus Sterculia), from an indigenous word meaning "many butterflies", from Kuna bannaba meaning "distant, far away", or from a Guaraní word meaning "place of many fish"... [more]
PANGASINAN (Political Subdivision) Filipino, Pangasinan, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu
From the name of the Pangasinan people meaning "place of salt" or "land of salt", derived from Pangasinan pang- meaning "for", asin meaning "salt", and the place marker suffix -an... [more]
PARIAMAN (Settlement) Indonesian, Minangkabau, Javanese, Malay, Dutch, English, French, Italian, Polish, Russian, Swedish, Turkish, Urdu
From Arabic بَرّ أَمَان (barr ʾamān) meaning "safe land, secure land". This is the name of a town in West Sumatra, Indonesia.
PATTANI ڤطاني (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Thai, Malay, Azerbaijani, Dutch, English, Finnish, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Tajik, Turkish
Most likely from Pattani Malay patani meaning "this beach" (compare standard Malay pantai ini). Alternately, it may have come from a Sanskrit word meaning "virgin nymph" or from Malay petani meaning "farmer"... [more]
PERAK ڤيرق‎ (Political Subdivision) Malay, Indonesian, Acehnese, Banjar, Minangkabau, Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Italian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tamil, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian
Means "silver" in Malay, named in reference to the region's position as one of the world's largest sources of tin. This is the name of a state of Malaysia.
PERANCIS (Country) Malay, Indonesian, Balinese, Sundanese
Malay, Balinese, and Sundanese form of FRANCE.
PERLIS ڤرليس‎ (Political Subdivision) Malay, Indonesian, Acehnese, Banjar, Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian
Of unclear origin, possibly from the Thai phrase พร้าวลอย (práao loi) meaning "floating coconut" or "coconut washed ashore", a reference to the many coconuts once found along the shores of the region... [more]
PHNOM PENH (Settlement) Afrikaans, Albanian, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
From Khmer ភ្នំពេញ (phnum pɨñ) meaning "Penh's hill", from ភ្នំ (phnum) meaning "hill, mountain" and ពេញ (pɨñ), the name of a legendary woman who supposedly founded the city in 1372... [more]
PHUKET (Political Subdivision, Settlement & Island) Thai, Albanian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Lao, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Derived from Malay bukit meaning "hill". This is the name of an island, province, and city in southern Thailand.
PINANG ڤينڠ (Political Subdivision & Island) Malay, Indonesian, Acehnese, Javanese, Hindi, Korean, Russian, Swedish, Thai
Form of PENANG.
PLOVDIV (Settlement) Bulgarian, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Uzbek
From a Thracian translation of the Latin name Pulpudeva, which is possibly derived from the given name PHILLIP and Dacian dava meaning "city, town, fortress"... [more]
POLINESIA (Region) Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Spanish
Indonesian, Italian, Malay, and Spanish form of POLYNESIA.
PUNCAK JAYA (Mountain) Indonesian, Balinese, Javanese, Malay, Sundanese, Bosnian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Norwegian, Romanian, Slovak, Swedish, Turkish
Means "summit of victory" from Indonesian puncak meaning "top, summit, peak" and jaya meaning "victory". This is the name of the highest mountain in Indonesia located on the island of New Guinea, sometimes referred to as the Carstensz Pyramid.
PUNJAB (Political Subdivision & Region) English, Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, German, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Swedish, Tagalog
From Punjabi پنجاب (Paṉjāb) or ਪੰਜਾਬ (Pañjāb) which is from Persian پنجاب (panjâb) meaning "five rivers" or "five waters", derived from پنج (panj) meaning "five" and آب (âb) meaning "water, river"... [more]
PYONGYANG (Settlement) Korean, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, French, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Kurdish, Malay, Norwegian, Portuguese, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Uyghur
From Sino-Korean 平 (pyeong) meaning "flat, level, plane" and 壤 (yang) meaning "soil, land". This is the name of the capital city of North Korea.
QATAR (Country) Arabic, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Persian, Romanian, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Urdu, Uyghur, Uzbek
From Catharrei, the name given to the inhabitants of region by Roman writer Pliny the Elder, which may have been based on the name of a local settlement. The name Catara was later used by Greek astronomer Ptolemy to refer to the peninsula, which was eventually transmitted into Arabic... [more]
RABAT (Settlement) Arabic, Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bosnian, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hebrew, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian
From Arabic الرباط (ar-rabāṭ) meaning "the ribat", referring to a type of fortification used during the Muslim conquest of the Maghreb. It is also used as a shortened form of the city's Arabic nickname, رِبَاط الفَتْح (ribāṭu l-fatḥ), which means "fortification of conquest, fortification of victory"... [more]
RIGA (Settlement) Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Bengali, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Faroese, French, Georgian, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kazakh, Korean, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Turkmen, Urdu, Uyghur, Uzbek
From Latvian Rīga, origin disputed. It may be derived from Livonian ringa meaning "loop", referring to an ancient harbor formed by the tributary loop of the Daugava river, from Riege, the German name of the Rīdzene (a tributary of the Daugava), or from Latvian rija meaning "threshing barn"... [more]
RIYADH (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Arabic, Danish, English, Indonesian, Malay, Norwegian, Swedish, Tagalog
From Arabic اَلرِّيَاض‎ (ar-riyāḍ) meaning "the gardens, the meadows", from the plural of Arabic روضة (rawḍa). This is the name of the capital city of Saudi Arabia and a province of the same name... [more]
SAHARA (Country & Region) Afrikaans, Armenian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Faroese, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kannada, Korean, Kurdish, Macedonian, Malay, Malayalam, Marathi, Nepali, Norwegian, Polish, Punjabi, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish, Tagalog, Telugu, Thai, Turkmen, Yiddish
Derived from Arabic صَحَارَى‎ (ṣaḥārā) meaning "deserts", the plural of صَحْرَاء (ṣaḥrāʾ) meaning "desert". This is the name of a desert in Northern Africa as well as a disputed territory and semi-independent state (Western Sahara).
SAKHA (Political Subdivision) Yakut, Russian, Arabic, Armenian, Belarusian, Danish, English, French, Georgian, Hindi, Indonesian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Malay, Mongolian, Persian, Portuguese, Tagalog, Thai, Ukrainian, Urdu
From the name of the Sakha (Yakut) people, which is derived from Turkic jaka meaning "collar, edge". This is the name of a Russian federal republic also referred to as Yakutia.
SAPPORO (Settlement) Japanese, Afrikaans, Azerbaijani, Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hindi, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Turkish, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From Ainu サッ・ポロ・ペッ (sat poro pet) meaning "dry, great river", referring to the Toyohira River. This is the name of a city in northern Japan that serves as the capital of the Hokkaido Prefecture.
SARAJEVO (Settlement) Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Norwegian, Malay, Maltese, Portuguese, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
From Turkish saray meaning "palace, mansion, house" and ova meaning "plain, lowland" or the Slavic suffix -evo used to indicate place names. This is the name of the capital city of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
SARDINIA (Region & Island) Basque, English, Finnish, Georgian, Greek, Indonesian, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian
An island which is also one of the 20 regions of Italy.
SATUN (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Thai, Arabic, Bulgarian, Dutch, English, French, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Lao, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Tajik, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu
Derived from Malay sentul meaning "santol" (a type of tropical fruit). This is the name of a province and city in southern Thailand.
SELANGOR سلاڠور‎ (Political Subdivision) Malay, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Meaning uncertain. It may be derived from Malay langau meaning "horsefly", from the name Salang Ur meaning "Salang village" (from the name of the Salang people and Tamil ஊர் (ūr) meaning "village, town"), or from Malay salang possibly meaning "stabbing" combined with jemur meaning "to burn, to dry (in the sun)"... [more]
SEMARANG (Settlement) Indonesian, Javanese, Acehnese, Balinese, Malay, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Bulgarian, Czech, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
From Indonesian asam meaning "tamarind" and jarang meaning "rare, seldom", a reference to the tamarind trees in the area that rarely grew close together. This is the name of a city in Indonesia that serves as the capital of Central Java province.
SEOUL (Settlement) Korean, Danish, English, German, Greek, Indonesian, Malay, Norwegian, Swedish, Tagalog
Means "capital" in Korean, probably derived from Sillan 서라벌 (Seorabeol) referring to the capital of the ancient kingdom of Silla. This is the name of the capital city of South Korea.
SEPANYOL (Country) Malay, Indonesian, Javanese
Malay and Javanese form of Hispania (see SPAIN).
SEYCHELLES (Country) French, English, Greek, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Maltese, Romanian, Spanish, Tagalog
From the name of Jean Moreau de Séchelles (1690-1761), a French politician who served as Minister of Finance during the reign of King Louis XV. This is the name of an East African island country in the Indian Ocean.
SHANGHAI (Settlement) Chinese, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Romanian, Swedish, Tagalog
From Chinese 上 (shàng) meaning "up, on, upon" and 海 (hǎi) meaning "sea". This is the name of a city in China.
SHENZHEN (Settlement) Chinese, Afrikaans, Armenian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
From Chinese 深 (shēn) meaning "deep" and 圳 (zhèn) meaning "furrow, drainage, ditch". This is the name of a city in China.
SIAM (Country) Afrikaans, Armenian, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Khmer, Korean, Kyrgyz, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From Portuguese Sciam, which was derived from Thai สยาม (sà-yǎam) of debated origin. The name may have come from Pali suvaṇṇabhūmi meaning "land of gold", Sanskrit श्याम (śyāma) meaning "dark, black", or Mon ရာမည (rhmañña) meaning "stranger"... [more]
SICHUAN (Political Subdivision) Chinese, Afrikaans, Armenian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Urdu, Uzbek
Means "four rivers" in Chinese, from 四 (sì) meaning "four" and 川 (chuān) meaning "river, stream". This is the name of a Chinese province.
SICILIA (Political Subdivision & Island) Ancient Roman, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian, Spanish, Tagalog
Ancient Roman (i.e. Classical Latin) form of SICILY, which some modern countries have adopted as their name for the island.
SINGAPURA سيڠاڤورا (Country, Settlement & Island) Malay, Indonesian, Acehnese, Balinese, Banjar, Buginese, Javanese, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Portuguese (European)
Form of SINGAPORE.
SONGKHLA (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Thai, Danish, Dutch, English, French, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Lao, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Tajik, Turkish
From the Malay name سيڠڬورا (Singgora) meaning "city of lions", ultimately from Sanskrit सिंहपुर (siṃhá-pura), which refers to a lion-shaped mountain near the city of Songkhla... [more]
SRI LANKA (Country & Island) Afrikaans, Albanian, Basque, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
From Sinhalese ශ්‍රී ලංකාව (ś‍rī laṁkāva) meaning "holy island", derived from Sanskrit श्री (śrī) meaning "holy, sacred" and लङ्का (laṅkā) meaning "island"... [more]
SULAWESI (Political Subdivision & Island) Indonesian, Balinese, Banjar, Buginese, Javanese, Malay, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Italian, Norwegian, Romanian, Slovak, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, Turkish
Probably means "iron island" in an uncertain South Sulawesi language, from sula (cognate with Indonesian pulau) meaning "island" and mesi (compare Indonesian besi) meaning "iron"... [more]
SULTAN KUDARAT (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Filipino, Maguindanao, Cebuano, Hiligaynon, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Swedish, Turkish
Named for Muhammad Dipatuan Kudarat (1581–1671), the seventh sultan of Maguindanao, whose third name is derived from Arabic قُدْرَة (qudra) meaning "power"... [more]
SULU (Political Subdivision, Region & Body of Water) Filipino, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Arabic, Azerbaijani, Chinese, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek
From Suluk, the Malay name for the Tausug people, in turn derived from Tausug Tau Sūg meaning "people of the current", from tau meaning "man, person" and sūg meaning "(sea) current, flow of water"... [more]
SUMATERA سوماترا (Political Subdivision & Island) Indonesian, Balinese, Banjar, Minangkabau, Malay
Form of SUMATRA.
SUMATRA (Political Subdivision & Island) Indonesian, Acehnese, Balinese, Banjar, Javanese, Malay, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Nepali, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, Turkish, Uzbek
From Sanskrit समुद्र (samudrá) meaning "sea, ocean". This is the name of an island in Indonesia as well as three Indonesian provinces.
SURABAYA (Settlement) Indonesian, Javanese, Acehnese, Balinese, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Afrikaans, Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek
From Javanese ꦯꦸꦫꦧꦪ (shurabaya), derived from ꦯꦸꦫ (shura) meaning "white shark" and ꦧꦪ (baya) meaning "crocodile". The name comes from 12th-century Javanese monarch Jayabaya, who foresaw a fight between a white shark and crocodile (which might have been referring to a Mongol invasion of Java in the late 13th century)... [more]
TAIPEI (Settlement) Afrikaans, Albanian, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Greek, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
From Chinese 臺北 (Táiběi) derived from 臺 (tái) referring to Taiwan and 北 (běi) meaning "north". This is the name of the capital city of Taiwan.
TANZANIA (Country) Swahili, Albanian, Armenian, Basque, Danish, Dutch, English, Georgian, Greek, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
From a blending of Tanganyika and Zanzibar, the names of the two former countries that were unified to create Tanzania in 1964, combined with the suffix -ia. The name Tanganyika is derived from Swahili tanga meaning "sail" and nyika meaning "wasteland, wilderness", while Zanzibar is derived from Persian زنگبار (zangebâr) meaning "black-skinned coast" (see ZANZIBAR)... [more]
TASHKENT (Settlement) Belarusian, Bulgarian, English, Indonesian, Kazakh, Malay, Mongolian, Portuguese, Russian, Tagalog, Ukrainian, Uyghur
From Uzbek Toshkent meaning "stone city", from tosh meaning "stone" and Turkic kend meaning "city". This is the name of the capital city of Uzbekistan.
TATARSTAN (Political Subdivision) Tatar, Bashkir, Basque, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Danish, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovene, Swedish, Ukrainian
From the ethnic name татар (tatar) combined with the Persian suffix -ستان (-stan) meaning "land of". The ethnic name is of uncertain origin, though it is believed to be derived from tata, an endonym for the Mongols... [more]
TAWI-TAWI (Political Subdivision & Island) Filipino, Tausug, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Czech, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
From Sinama Jawi Jawi, which is derived from Malay jejawi meaning "banyan tree". This is the name of an island and province in the southern Philippines.
TBILISI (Settlement) Georgian, Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Latvian, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From Georgian თბილი (tbili) meaning "warm", given because of the area's sulfuric hot springs. This is the name of the capital city of Georgia (the country).
TERENGGANU ترڠݢانو (Political Subdivision) Malay, Indonesian, Acehnese, Banjar, Minangkabau, Bulgarian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Possibly from Malay terang ganu meaning "bright rainbow" or taring anu meaning "fang of something", supposedly said by a hunter when he discovered the tooth of an unknown animal. This is the name of a state in eastern Malaysia.
THIMPHU (Settlement) Bhutanese, Tibetan, Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bengali, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Latvian, Malay, Marathi, Polish, Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Uzbek
From Bhutanese ཐིམ་ (thim) meaning "to sink" and ཕུ་ (phu) meaning "high ground, foothill, upland" or "to fly". This is the name of the capital city of Bhutan.
TOGO (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Korean, Latvian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Means "land where lagoons lie" from Ewe to meaning "water" and go meaning "shore". Togo, officially the Togolese Republic, is a country in West Africa bordered by Ghana to the west, Benin to the east and Burkina Faso to the north.
TRANG (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Thai, Bulgarian, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Tajik, Turkish, Urdu
Either from Malay terang meaning "bright, light, clear" or from Sanskrit तरंग (taraṃga) meaning "wave, ripple". This is the name of a province and city in southern Thailand.
TUNIS (Country & Settlement) Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hebrew, Hindi, Indonesian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Russian, Serbian, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uyghur, Uzbek
Meaning uncertain, possibly from the Tamazight root ens meaning "to lie down, to pass the night" or from the name of the Phoenician goddess TANITH... [more]
TUNISIA (Country) Basque, English, Finnish, Galician, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian, Swahili, Thai
The name of a country in North Africa, named after its capital city TUNIS.
TURKMENISTAN (Country) Abkhaz, Afrikaans, Avar, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Chuvash, Circassian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Faroese, Finnish, German, Indonesian, Italian, Lezgin, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Serbian, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Ukrainian
From Turkmen Türkmenistan, from the ethnic name Türkmen combined with the Persian suffix -ستان (-stan) meaning "land of". The ethnic name is believed by some to mean "resembling a Turk" or "co-Turk", from the name of the Turkic peoples combined with the Sogdian suffix -myn or -men... [more]
TUVA (Political Subdivision) Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, English, Finnish, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Ukrainian
From Tuvan Тыва (Tyva), which is from the name of the Tuvan people. The ethnic name is uncertain meaning, possibly of Mongolian origin. This is the name of a federal subject of Russia.
UDMURTIA (Political Subdivision) English, Estonian, Finnish, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian, Spanish, Tagalog
From Russian Удмуртия (Udmurtiya), which is derived from the name of the Udmurt people. The ethnic name is from odo-mort meaning "meadow people", from the Permic root od(o) meaning "meadow, glade, turf" and Iranian murt meaning "person, man"... [more]
UFA (Settlement & River) Russian, Albanian, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Buryat, Chechen, Crimean Tatar, Croatian, Czech, Danish, English, Estonian, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kyrgyz, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Ossetian, Polish, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Tatar, Thai, Turkish, Udmurt, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From Bashkir Өфө (Öfö), which is of uncertain origin and meaning. It may be derived from the Iranian root ap meaning "water". This is the name of the capital city of Bashkortostan as well a river that runs through the Ural Mountains... [more]
UKRAINE (Country) Danish, English, French, German, Malay
From Ukrainian Україна (Ukrayina) which is from Old East Slavic украина (ukraina) meaning "boundary, borderland, outskirts", derived from оу (u) meaning "at" and краи (krai) meaning "edge, end, rim"... [more]
ULAN BATOR (Settlement) Armenian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Danish, English, Finnish, Hebrew, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Serbian, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog
Form of ULAANBAATAR used in various languages as well as an English variant of the name.
ÜRÜMQI (Settlement) Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Swedish
From Uyghur ئۈرۈمچى (ürümchi) which may be derived from Mongolian ᠦᠯᠡᠮᠵᠢ (ülemǰi) meaning "great", a short form of the phrase ᠦᠯᠡᠮᠵᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠰᠠᠶ᠋ᠢᠬᠠᠨ ᠪᠡᠯᠴᠢᠭᠡᠷ (ülemǰi-yin say᠋iqan belčiger) meaning "great pasture" or "beautiful pasture"... [more]
VATIKAN (Country) Azerbaijani, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Estonian, Indonesian, Macedonian, Malay, Russian, Serbian, Slovene, Turkish
Form of Vatican, which is one of the names commonly used to refer to VATICAN CITY.
VIENTIANE (Settlement) French, Afrikaans, Albanian, Bosnian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Portuguese (Brazilian), Romanian, Slovak, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
French form of Lao ວຽງຈັນ (wīang chan) meaning "city of sandalwood" or "city of the moon" from Lao ວຽງ (wīang) meaning "city, town" and ຈັນ (chan) meaning "sandalwood" or "moon" (see WIANGCHAN)... [more]
WAHRAN (Settlement) Arabic, Malay
Arabic and Malay form of ORAN.
XINJIANG (Political Subdivision & Region) Chinese, Afrikaans, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kurdish, Malay, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Swedish, Tagalog
Means "new frontier" from Chinese 新 (xīn) meaning "new" and 疆 (jiāng) meaning "boundary, border, frontier". This is the name of an autonomous region in western China as well as a historical region in Central Asia.
YALA يلا (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Thai, Malay, Arabic, Bulgarian, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Tajik, Turkish, Urdu
Derived from Malay jala meaning "net", ultimately from Sanskrit जाल (jāla). This is the name of a province in southern Thailand as well as the region's capital city.
YAMAN (Country) Arabic, Chechen, Dhivehi, Hindi, Indonesian, Malay, Persian, Tajik, Tatar, Urdu, Uzbek
Form of YEMEN. In Arabic, it is usually written with the definite article: اليمن (al-Yaman).
YANGON (Settlement) Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, English, Estonian, Finnish, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Tagalog, Turkish, Uzbek
From Burmese ရန်ကုန် (rankun) meaning "end of strife" from ရန် (ran) meaning "enemy, danger" or "quarrel" combined with ကုန် (kun) meaning "to run out, end"... [more]
YEREVAN (Settlement) Armenian, Belarusian, English, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Malay, Mongolian, Russian, Tagalog, Tajik, Uzbek
Meaning unknown. It may be from YERVAND, the name of a 3rd-century BC Armenian king (also known as Orontes IV), or from Էրեբունի (Ērebuni), an ancient Urartian fortification and city... [more]
YUGOSLAVIA (Country) English, Indonesian, Malay, Spanish, Tagalog
From Serbo-Croatian Jugoslavija meaning "land of the South Slavs", derived from jug meaning "south" and slavija meaning "land of Slavs". This was the name of a European country that existed from 1918 to 1941 (as the Kingdom of Yugoslavia), from 1943 to 1945 (as the Democratic Federal Yugoslavia), from 1945 to 1992, and from 1992-2003 (as the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia).
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