ADYGEA(Political Subdivision)English, Indonesian, Malay, Tagalog From Russian Адыгея (Adygeya), which is from Adyghe адыгэ (adyge), the endonym of the Circassian (Adyghe) people. The ethnic name is of uncertain meaning, though it may mean "mountain between seas" or "mountain by the sea"... [more]
AZORES(Political Subdivision & Region)English, Greek, Indonesian, Malay, Spanish, Tagalog From Portuguese Açores meaning "goshawks", the plural of açor meaning "goshawk". This is the name of an archipelago located in the North Atlantic Ocean and one of the two autonomous regions of Portugal.
BELGRADE(Settlement)English, French, Malay From Serbian Београд (Beograd) meaning "white city", from the Slavic roots beli or beo meaning "white" combined with grad meaning "city, town". This is the name of the capital city of Serbia.
BURYATIA(Political Subdivision)Armenian, English, Indonesian, Malay, Tagalog From Russian Бурятия (Buryatiya) from the name of the Buryat people. The ethnic name is from Buryat буряад (buryaad), which is of uncertain origin and meaning, possibly from Buryat буртэ (burte) meaning "wolf"... [more]
CHECHNYA(Political Subdivision)Russian, English, Indonesian, Malay, Tagalog Means "(place) of the Chechens", derived from the Russian name for the Chechen people. The exonym is of uncertain meaning, with Russian folk etymologies suggesting that it originates from the name of a village; on the other hand, it may be derived from the Kabardian name Шашан (Shashan)... [more]
DNIESTER(River)English, Indonesian, Malay Derived from Sarmatian dānu nazdya meaning "the close river" (as in, the river close-by). This is the name of a river in Eastern Europe, which flows through Ukraine and Moldova to the Black Sea.
ICELAND(Country & Island)English, Malay, Tagalog From Icelandic Ísland, which is derived from Old Norse íss meaning "ice" and land meaning "land, country". This is the name of a Nordic island country in the Atlantic Ocean.
INGUSHETIA(Political Subdivision)Armenian, English, Indonesian, Malay, Tagalog Means "(place) of the Ingush", from the Russian name for the Ingush people (natively called Ghalghai). The ethnic name is believed to be derived from Ангушт (Angusht), the Ingush name of a village currently located in North Ossetia-Alania... [more]
KALMYKIA(Political Subdivision)English, Indonesian, Malay, Tagalog From Russian Калмыкия (Kalmykiya) ultimately from хальмг (xal'mg), the native name of the Kalmyk people. The ethnic name is of probably Mongolian origin meaning "the people moving away", from Mongolian халих (khalikh) meaning "overflow, flood", referring to how the Kalmyk people were originally Mongolians who "leaked away" from their ancestral homeland... [more]
LISBON(Settlement)English, Crimean Tatar, Indonesian, Malay, Thai From Portuguese Lisboa derived from Latin Olisīpō, which is of uncertain meaning. Folk etymologies state that it comes from the name Odysseus or Ulysses, though it may have been derived from Phoenician ʿlyṣ ʿbʾ or ʿaliṣ-ʿuboʾ meaning "safe harbour".... [more]
MALDIVES(Country)Catalan, English, French, Greek, Malay Uncertain, possibly means "Malé islands" from Dhivehi މާލެ (māle) referring to Malé, the capital city of the Maldives, combined with Sanskrit द्वीप (dvīpá) meaning "island"... [more]
MOSCOW(Settlement)English, Malay From the name of the MOSKVA River, which is of uncertain origin. It may be from the Proto-Indo-European root meu meaning "wet" or mesg meaning "to dip, to sink" or from the Finno-Ugric name Mustajoki meaning "black river"... [more]
NOVAYA ZEMLYA(Island)Russian, English, Indonesian, Malay Means "new land" from Russian новая (novaya) meaning "new" and земля (zemlya) meaning "land, soil, earth". This is the name of an Arctic archipelago in northern Russia.
OSSETIA(Region)English, Finnish, Indonesian, Malay, Norwegian From Russian Осетия (Osetiya), from Georgian ოსეთი (oseti) derived from ოსი (osi) meaning "Ossetian". The name comes from As, the self-designation of the historic Alan people... [more]
SAINT PETERSBURG(Settlement)English, Malay English translation of Russian Санкт-Петербург (Sankt-Peterburg), which is derived from the German name Sankt Petersburg meaning "Saint Peter's City", named in honour of Saint Peter the Apostle as well as Tsar Peter the Great (1672-1725)... [more]
UKRAINE(Country)Danish, English, French, German, Malay From Ukrainian Україна (Ukrayina) which is from Old East Slavic украина (ukraina) meaning "boundary, borderland, outskirts", derived from оу (u) meaning "at" and краи (krai) meaning "edge, end, rim"... [more]
YUGOSLAVIA(Country)English, Indonesian, Malay, Spanish, Tagalog From Serbo-Croatian Jugoslavija meaning "land of the South Slavs", derived from jug meaning "south" and slavija meaning "land of Slavs". This was the name of a European country that existed from 1918 to 1941 (as the Kingdom of Yugoslavia), from 1943 to 1945 (as the Democratic Federal Yugoslavia), from 1945 to 1992, and from 1992-2003 (as the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia).