South American Submitted Place Names

South American names include those from Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, and Venezuela.
type
usage
Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
Abecásia (Political Subdivision) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Abkhazia.
Abjasia (Country) Spanish
Spanish form of Abkhazia.
Abruzzo (Political Subdivision) Italian, English, Maltese, Portuguese
From Late Latin Aprutium, itself probably from Praetūtium, which defined the territory in which the tribe of the Praetutii lived. This is the name of a region in southern Italy.
Abuya (Settlement) Spanish
Spanish form of Abuja.
Acádia (Country, Region & Settlement) Portuguese
Portuguese form of both Acadia and Akkad (mostly the ancient city, but sometimes also the Akkadian Empire).
Acarnânia (Region) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Acarnania.
Achém (Political Subdivision) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Aceh.
Açores (Political Subdivision & Region) Portuguese, Catalan, French
Portuguese form of Azores, which has been adopted into Catalan and French.
Acre (Political Subdivision & River) Portuguese (Brazilian), Portuguese
Most likely from Aquiri, a transliteration by European explorers of the Ipurinã term Umákürü or Uakiry. Other theories include the name originating from Tupi a'kir ü ("green river") or a'kir ("to sleep"), or from Yasi'ri, or Ysi'ri, meaning "flowing or swift water"... [more]
Addis Abeba (Settlement) Amharic, German, Italian, Spanish
Amharic, German, Finnish, Italian and Spanish form of Addis Ababa.
Afgansuyu (Country) Quechua
Quechua form of Afghanistan.
África Do Sul (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of South Africa.
A Haia (Settlement) Portuguese
Portuguese form of The Hague
Ajijic (Settlement) Spanish
Means "place of water" or "place where water bubbles up" in Nahuatl.
Alagoas (Political Subdivision) Portuguese (Brazilian), Portuguese
Plural form of Portuguese alagoa, a variant of lagoa ("lagoon"), referring to the Manguaba (the "southern lagoon") and Mundaú (the "northern lagoon") estuarine lagoons... [more]
Albaina (Settlement) Spanish
Albaina is a hamlet and minor local entity located in the municipality of Condado de Treviño, in Burgos province, Castile and León, Spain.
Albânia (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Albania.
Almatí (Settlement) Spanish
Spanish form of Almaty.
Almería (Settlement) Spanish
From the name of the Spanish city. Means 'the mirror of the sea.'
Alpes (Mountain) French, Spanish, Portuguese
French, Spanish and Portuguese form of Alps.
Alsácia (Region) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Alsace (a region of France).
Alsacia (Region) Spanish
Spanish form of Alsace (a region of France).
Altura (Settlement) Portuguese
Amalfi (Settlement) Italian, Spanish (Latin American)
The name of a coastal in the Italian province of Salerno and a town and municipality in the Antioquia Department of Colombia which is named in honour of the Italian town.... [more]
Amapá (Political Subdivision) Portuguese (Brazilian)
Of uncertain origin. It may come from Tupi amapá, meaning "the place of the rain"; from a Nheengatu term meaning "island" or "land that ends", or from an Arawak term denoting the Hancornia amapa, a local species of tree; or from a Northern Geral term indicating a local species of tree... [more]
Amazonas (Political Subdivision & River) Portuguese (Brazilian), Spanish (Latin American), Spanish
Reportedly named this way after the warriors, led by women, that attacked Francisco de Orellana's expedition, reminding him of the Amazons of Greek mythology. The word Amazon may come from Iranian *ha-maz-an- ("(one) fighting together") or *ha-mazan- ("warriors").... [more]
Ambrácia (Settlement) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Ambracia.
Anatólia (Region) Hungarian, Portuguese, Slovak
Hungarian, Portuguese and Slovak form of Anatolia.
Ancara (Settlement) Galician, Portuguese
Galician and Portuguese form of Ankara.
Andalucía (Political Subdivision) Spanish
Spanish form of Andalusia.
Andorra (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Catalan, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Greek, Hungarian, Icelandic, Italian, Luxembourgish, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian
The name of the country of Andorra, whose name is possibly derived from a Basque word andurrial (“shrub-covered land”), but it may come from Arabic الدرا (“the forest”) or Spanish andar (“to walk”).
Apulia (Political Subdivision) English, Ancient Roman, Polish, Spanish
From Latin Apulia, itself of unknown origin, perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ep-, meaning "water". This is the name of a region in southern Italy.
Aquitania (Region) Spanish
Aquitania was a region of Gaul inhabited by the Aquitani, a people living in Gallo-Roman times in what is now Aquitaine, France.
Arábia (Political Subdivision & Region) Hungarian, Portuguese, Slovak
Hungarian, Portuguese and Slovak form of Arabia.
Arabia (Political Subdivision & Region) Ancient Greek, Ancient Roman, Basque, English, Finnish, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Spanish
Of Semitic origin, but the precise meaning is uncertain, as the root word has many possible meanings in the Semitic languages.... [more]
Arabia Saudí (Country) Spanish
Variant of Arabia Saudita.
Arábia Saudita (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Saudi Arabia.
Arabia Saudita (Country) Italian, Spanish, Asturian, Galician, Occitan
Form of Saudi Arabia used in multiple languages.
Aracósia (Region) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Arachosia.
Aracosia (Region) Spanish
Spanish form of Arachosia.
Arcádia (Political Subdivision & Region) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Arcadia.
Arequipa (Political Subdivision) Spanish (Latin American)
Legend says it comes from Ari-quepay "(let's) stay here" in Quechua.
Ária (Region) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Aria.
Arica (Settlement) Spanish
It is the name of province, and town in Chile. It is also the name of a town in Colombia.
Arminya (Country) Quechua
Quechua form of Armenia.
Arpitânia (Region) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Arpitania.
Aruba (Political Subdivision & Island) Afrikaans, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Italian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian
An island in the Caribbean Sea that is part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
Asarsuyu (Country) Quechua
Quechua form of Azerbaijan
Asjabad (Settlement) Spanish
Spanish form of Ashgabat.
Astaná (Settlement) Spanish
Spanish form of Astana.
Asunción (Settlement) Spanish
Means "assumption" in Spanish, as in “assumption of Mary to heaven". This is the capital of Paraguay. Originally called Nuestra Señora Santa María de la Asunción (meaning "Our Lady Saint Mary of the Assumption") by its founder, it was later shortened to Asunción.
Ataídes (Settlement) Portuguese
Freguesia in Portugal, probably named after Athanagild, 6th-century king of Visigothic Hispania and probable founder of the village.
Aurora (Settlement) English, Ilocano, Italian, Portuguese, Tagalog
From Latin aurora, meaning "dawn", "sunrise", directly or through the given name Aurora.... [more]
Áustria (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Albania
Austriya (Country) Indigenous American, Aymara, Western African, Hausa
Aymara and Hausa form of Austria.
Azerbaijão (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Azerbaijan
Azerbaiyán (Country) Spanish
Spanish form of Azerbaijan.
Azores (Political Subdivision & Region) English, Greek, Spanish
From Portuguese Açores meaning "goshawks", the plural of açor meaning "goshawk". This is the name of an archipelago located in the North Atlantic Ocean and one of the two autonomous regions of Portugal.
Bahia (Political Subdivision) Portuguese (Brazilian), Portuguese, English
Literally "bay" in Portuguese, this name comes from the Bay of All Saints (Baía de Todos os Santos), for which a Portuguese captaincy was named. This is the name of a state in Brazil.
Bakú (Settlement) Icelandic, Spanish
Icelandic and Spanish form of Baku.
Bamako (Settlement) English, Armenian, Catalan, Danish, Esperanto, French, Fula, German, Hebrew, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish
Union of Bambara words bama ("crocodile") and ("stream"). This is the name of the capital city of Mali.
Bandungue (Settlement) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Bandung.
Bangladesh (Country) Bengali, Armenian, Basque, Breton, Bulgarian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Hebrew, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Swahili, Swedish, Uzbek
From Bengali বাংলাদেশ (Bangladeś) meaning "land of the Bengalis", from the name of the Bengali people and Sanskrit देश (deśá) meaning "country, kingdom, land, state"... [more]
Banladish (Country) Quechua
Quechua form of Bangladesh
Barcelona (Settlement) Catalan, Spanish, English
Barcelona is a city in Spain. It is the capital and largest city of Catalonia, as well as the second most populous municipality of Spain.
Baréin (Country) Spanish
Spanish form of Bahrain.
Barém (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Bahrain.
Bari (Settlement) Italian, English, Armenian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Greek, Hungarian, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Sicilian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
From Latin Barium, itself of uncertain origin, possibly from Messapic *baur or *bur, meaning "house", ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bhreu ("to grow, to be"). This is the name of the capital city of Apulia, in southern Italy.
Basilicata (Political Subdivision) Italian, English, Dutch, Spanish, Portuguese
The origin of the name is uncertain: it may come from the Greek term βασιλικός (basilikos), a title given to the Byzantine governors of the region; it may be derived from the church of Acerenza, whose bishop had jurisdiction over the territory; or it may be connected to Basil II Porphyrogenitus, Byzantine emperor from 976 to 1025.... [more]
Bastilla (Other) Spanish
Spanish form of Bastille.
Belche (Country) Hunsrik
Hunsrik form of Belgium
Belém (Settlement) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Bethlehem.
Belgrado (Settlement) Afrikaans, Dutch, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese
Afrikaans, Dutch, Italian, Spanish and Portuguese form of Belgrade.
Beócia (Political Subdivision & Region) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Boeotia.
Beocia (Political Subdivision & Region) Spanish
Spanish form of Boeotia.
Bielorrusia (Country) Spanish, Asturian, Basque
Spanish, Asturian and Basque form of Belarus.
Biskek (Settlement) Greek, Hungarian, Spanish
Greek, Hungarian, and Spanish form of Bishkek.
Bombaim (Settlement) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Mumbai.
Bombay (Settlement) English (Archaic), Dutch, French, Spanish
From Portuguese Bombaim, which may have been derived from the phrase bom baim meaning "good little bay" or from the Marathi name मुंबई (Mumbai). This is an older English name for Mumbai, officially used until 1995... [more]
Bonaire (Political Subdivision & Island) Afrikaans, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Latvian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
An island in the Caribbean Sea that is a special municipality of the Netherlands.
Bornéu (Island) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Borneo.
Brescia (Settlement) Italian, English, Catalan, French, Polish, Romanian, Sicilian, Spanish, Turkish
From Latin Brixia, itself probably from a Gaulish or Celtic root denoting a hill. This is the name of a city in northern Italy.
Breslavia (Settlement) Italian, Spanish, Tagalog
Italian, Spanish and Tagalog form of Wrocław.
Bruges (Settlement) French, English, Italian, Luxembourgish, Portuguese, Romanian
French form of Brugge, which some countries (mostly Romance ones) have adopted as their name for the Belgian city.
Brunei (Country) Malay, Albanian, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Luxembourgish, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Ukrainian
Most likely from Sanskrit वरुण (varuna) meaning "ocean, water" or referring to the Hindu god Varuna. A local legend suggests that the name may be derived from the phrase baru nah meaning "there!" or "that's it!", which was supposedly declared by Muhammad Shah, Brunei's first sultan... [more]
Bucarest (Settlement) Italian, Occitan, Spanish
Italian, Occitan and Spanish form of Bucharest.
Buenos Aires (Settlement) Spanish
Ultimately derived from Aragonese buen ayre “good air”. It is the capital city of Argentina. The explorer who founded the city originally called it Ciudad de la Santísima Trinidad y Puerto de Nuestra Señora la Virgen María de los Buenos Aires meaning "City of the Most Holy Trinity and Port of Saint Mary of the Good Airs" which was later shortened to just Buenos Aires.
Bulgária (Country) Hungarian, Portuguese, Sami
Hungarian, Portuguese, and Sami form of Bulgaria.
Bulgarya (Country) Quechua, Tagalog
Quechua and Tagalog form of Bulgaria
Burgau (Settlement) German, Portuguese
Name of towns in Germany, Austria, and Portugal.
Buriácia (Political Subdivision) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Buryatia.
Buriatia (Political Subdivision) Spanish
Spanish form of Buryatia.
Burquina Faso (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Burkina Faso
Burundi (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Breton, Bulgarian, Burmese, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Faroese, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian
The name of the Country in East Africa. Burundi, officially the Republic of Burundi, is a landlocked country in the African Great Lakes region of East Africa, bordered by Rwanda to the north, Tanzania to the east and south, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west.
Bután (Country) Spanish, Aragonese, Asturian, Galician
Spanish, Aragonese, Asturian and Galician form of Bhutan.
Butão (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Bhutan
Cabo Verde (Country) Portuguese (African), Spanish, Võro
Portuguese, Spanish and Võro form of Cape Verde.
Cabul (Settlement) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Kabul.
Cagliari (Settlement) Italian, English, Danish, French, Galician, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish
From Latin Calaris, itself from Phoenician Krly, of uncertain meaning. This is the name of the capital city of Sardinia, an island in the Mediterranean Sea and a region of Italy.
Calabria (Political Subdivision) Italian, English, Finnish, Galician, Spanish
From Ancient Greek Καλαβρία (Kalabría), itself derived from the name of a local Oscan tribe. This is the name of a region in southern Italy.
Caledônia (Region) Portuguese (Brazilian)
Brazilian Portuguese form of Caledonia.
Caleta (Settlement) Spanish
City name meaning ''little bay, inlet, or cove''. Most often La Caleta.
Califórnia (Political Subdivision) Portuguese
Portuguese form of California.
California (Political Subdivision) Spanish, English
From the name of a fictional utopian island featured in the 16th-century novel Las sergas de Esplandián by Spanish author Garci Rodríguez de Montalvo. The name comes from the island's queen, Calafia (or Califia), whose name is derived from Arabic خليفة (khalifah) meaning "caliph"... [more]
Camarões (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Cameroon
Camboja (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Cambodia
Camboya (Country) Spanish, Asturian
Spanish and Asturian form of Cambodia.
Camerún (Country) Galician, Spanish
Galician and Spanish from of Cameroon
Campania (Political Subdivision) Italian, English, Galician, Spanish, Ancient Roman
From Latin Campania, itself from campania felix, denoting the fertile countryside around Mount Vesuvius. This is the name of a region in southern Italy.
Campobasso (Settlement) Italian, English, French, German, Spanish
Literally "low field"; derived from Latin Campus Vassorum, denoting that the city was host to vassals. This is the name of the capital city of the southern Italian region of Molise.
Canaã (Region) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Canaan.
Canaán (Region) Spanish
Spanish form of Canaan.
Canarias (Island) Spanish
From Latin Canariae Insulae meaning "islands of the dogs". This is the name of a Spanish archipelago in the Atlantic Ocean, near the coast of northwestern Africa.
Cantabria (Political Subdivision) Spanish
Caônia (Region) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Chaonia.
Caonia (Region) Italian, Spanish
Italian and Spanish form of Chaonia.
Caracas (Settlement) English, Catalan, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Polish, Portuguese, Portuguese (Brazilian), Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish
From the earlier name Santiago de León de Caracas. The name Caracas is most likely derived from the name of a tribe that used to live in the area. This is the name of the capital city of Venezuela.
Carantânia (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Carantania.
Caribe (Region) Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of Caribbean.
Carmania (Political Subdivision & Region) Ancient Persian (Latinized), English, Italian, Spanish
Latinized form of ancient Persian Karmana via its hellenized form Karmania. This was the name of a region and province of several Persian empires.
Cárpatos (Mountain) Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of Carpathians.
Cartago (Settlement) Catalan, Spanish, Portuguese
Catalan, Spanish and Portuguese form of Carthage.
Casablanca (Settlement) English, French, Spanish
Means "white house" in Spanish. The name comes from a Spanish translation of the Arabic name الدار البيضاء (ad-Dar al-Bayda'), which in turn was derived from a calque of the Portuguese name Casa Branca... [more]
Catalunha (Political Subdivision & Region) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Catalonia.
Catania (Settlement) Italian, English, German, Sicilian, Spanish
From Ancient Greek Kατάvη (Katánē), itself either from Sicel katane ("grater"), due to its proximity to Mount Etna and the resulting rough earth, or from Proto-Italic katina ("basin"), owing to the wide valley around the town... [more]
Catanzaro (Settlement) Italian, English, French, Catalan, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, German
From Latin Catanciarium, itself derived from Catacium, ultimately from Ancient Greek Καταρτάριοι, meaning "silk spinners". This is the name of a city in southern Italy, the second city in Calabria, as well as its capital city.
Catar (Country) Portuguese, Spanish
Portuguese and Spanish form of Qatar.
Caucásia (Region) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Caucasia, which is an alternative name for the Caucasus geographical region.
Cáucaso (Region & Mountain) Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of Caucasus.
Cazã (Settlement) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Kazan.
Cazaquistão (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Kazakhstan.
Ceará (Political Subdivision) Portuguese (Brazilian)
Most likely from Tupi ceará, probably a combination of the words cemo ("to sing loudly", "to scream") and ara ("small macaw, parakeet, jandaia"), thus "the jandaia sings". Another interpretation is that the name means "river originating from the mountains"... [more]
Cerdeña (Region & Island) Spanish
Spanish form of Sardinia.
Chechênia (Political Subdivision) Portuguese (Brazilian)
Brazilian Portuguese form of Chechnya.
Chechenia (Political Subdivision) Spanish
Spanish form of Chechnya.
Chequia (Country) Spanish, Aragonese, Asturian, Galician, Occitan
Form of Czechia used in multiple languages.
Chiquinquira (Settlement) Spanish
the name of a town in venezuela
Cidônia (Settlement) Portuguese (Brazilian)
Brazilian Portuguese form of Cydonia.
Cidonia (Settlement) Italian, Spanish
Italian and Spanish form of Cydonia.
Cingapura (Country, Island & Settlement) Portuguese (Brazilian)
Brazilian Portuguese form of Singapore
Circasia (Region) Spanish
Spanish form of Circassia.
Circássia (Country & Region) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Circassia.
Ciscaucásia (Region) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Ciscaucasia.
Ciscaucasia (Region) English, Italian, Spanish
Means "on this side of the Caucasus", derived from Latin cis meaning "on this side of" combined with the latinized Greek noun Caucasia meaning "the Caucasus" (both the mountains and their namesake region)... [more]
Comores (Country) French, Portuguese, Spanish, Asturian, Catalan, Galician
Form of Comoros used in multiple languages.
Constantinopla (Settlement) Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of Constantinople.
Corásmia (Political Subdivision & Region) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Khwarazm via its Greek and Latin name Chorasmia.
Corasmia (Political Subdivision & Region) Italian, Spanish
Italian and Spanish form of Khwarazm via its Greek and Latin name Chorasmia.
Corea Del Sur (Country) Asturian, Spanish
Asturian and Spanish form of South Korea
Coreia (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Korea
Coreia Do Norte (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of North Korea
Coreia Do Sul (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of South Korea
Coríntia (Political Subdivision & Region) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Corinthia.
Corintia (Political Subdivision & Region) Romanian, Spanish
Romanian and Spanish form of Corinthia.
Corinto (Settlement) Italian, Spanish, Portuguese
Italian, Spanish and Portuguese form of Corinthus (see Corinth).
Costa De Marfil (Country) Spanish
Spanish form of Ivory Coast
Costa Do Marfim (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Ivory Coast
Costa Rica (Country) Spanish, Afrikaans, Basque, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Swedish
The name of the Country in Central America. Costa Rica is a rugged, rainforested Central American country with coastlines on the Caribbean and Pacific. Though its capital, San Jose, is home to cultural institutions like the Pre-Columbian Gold Museum, Costa Rica is known for its beaches, volcanoes, and biodiversity... [more]
Cracovia (Settlement) Galician, Italian, Ancient Roman, Sicilian, Spanish
Galician, Italian, Latin, Sicilian and Spanish form of Krakow.
Crimea (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) English, Italian, Spanish
From Crimean Tatar Qırım, which is of uncertain origin. It may have been derived from a corruption of Latin Cimmerium or Greek Κιμμερικόν (Kimmerikon), the name of an ancient city, from Old Turkic qurum meaning "protection, defense" or qirum meaning "fosse, trench", or Ancient Greek κρημνοί (kremnoi) meaning "cliffs"... [more]
Crimeia (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Crimea.
Curazao (Political Subdivision & Island) Spanish
Spanish form of Curaçao.
Curdistão (Region) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Kurdistan.
Cusco (Political Subdivision, Region & Settlement) Quechua
Cuzco (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Incan (Hispanicized), Quechua (Hispanicized), Spanish (Archaic)
Traditional spelling of Cusco, a city in Peru which was the capital of the Inca Empire. Cusco is the Hispanicized form of Quechua Qusqu meaning "rock, boundary stone; heap of earth and stones; nucleus; navel; bed, dry bed of a lake".
Daca (Settlement) Portuguese, Spanish
Portuguese and Spanish form of Dhaka.
Daguestán (Political Subdivision) Spanish
Spanish form of Dagestan.
Daguestão (Political Subdivision) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Dagestan.
Danúbio (River) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Danube.
Danubio (River) Italian, Spanish
Italian and Spanish form of Danube.
Dardânia (Region) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Dardania.
Deitschland (Country) Hunsrik
Hunsrik form of Deutschland
Dilhi (Settlement) Arabic, Quechua
Arabic and Quechua form of Delhi.
Dniéster (River) Spanish
Spanish form of Dniester.
Dniestre (River) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Dniester.
Dominica (Country & Island) Afrikaans, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish
Derived from Latin dominica meaning "lordly" or "Sunday", named by explorer Christopher Columbus for his sighting of the island on a Sunday. This is the name of an island country in the Caribbean.
Dortmund (Settlement) English, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Italian, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Swedish
First mentioned in the 9th century AD as Throtmanni, of uncertain origin and meaning, the form Dortmunde first appeared in the 13th century. This is the name of a city in western Germany.
Dusambé (Settlement) Spanish
Spanish form of Dushanbe.
Eesterreich (Country) Hunsrik
Hunsrik form of Austria
El Aaiún (Settlement) Spanish, English
Spanish form of Laayoune as well as an English variant.
El Paso (Settlement) English, Spanish
From Spanish el paso, meaning "the pass". This is the name of several settlements in the world, including the city in Texas.
El Salvador (Country) Spanish
El Salvador is a small Central American nation. It's known for its Pacific Ocean beaches, surf spots and mountainous landscape. Its Ruta de Las Flores is a winding route past coffee farms, rainforests with waterfalls and towns like Juayúa, with its weekend food festival, plus Ataco, home to vivid murals... [more]
Emilia (Region) Italian, English, Finnish, Polish, Spanish
From the Via Aemilia, itself from Marcus Aemilius Lepidus, the Roman consul who planned the road. This is the name of a traditional region of northern Italy, now contained in the modern political region of Emilia-romagna.
Emiratos Árabes Unidos (Country) Portuguese, Spanish
Portuguese and Spanish form of United Arab Emirates
Empoli (Settlement) Italian, English, French, German, Portuguese, Spanish
Of uncertain origin: possibly from the Germanic first name *Empo- with the suffix -ulus, or from Latin in portu ("in the port") as per the Tabula Peutingeriana. An eighth-century castle is documented with the names Empolum, Emporium and Empolis... [more]
Ereván (Settlement) Spanish
Spanish form of Yerevan.
Erevan (Settlement) Armenian, Belarusian, Bulgarian, French, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Mongolian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovene, Tajik, Ukrainian
Alternate transcription of Yerevan as well as the form used in various languages.
Eritreia (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Eritrea
Escandinavia (Region) Spanish
Spanish form of Scandinavia.
Espanha (Country) Portuguese, Occitan
Portuguese and Occitan form of Hispania (see Spain).
Esparta (Settlement) Spanish, Portuguese, Catalan, Asturian
Spanish, Portuguese, Catalan, and Asturian form of Sparta.
Espírito Santo (Political Subdivision) Portuguese (Brazilian), Portuguese, English
Portuguese for "Holy Spirit", the third person of the Christian Trinity. This is the name of a state of Brazil.
Estambul (Settlement) Spanish
Spanish form of Istanbul.
Estônia (Country) Malagasy, Portuguese (Brazilian)
Malagasy and Brazilian Portuguese form of Estonia.
Etruria (Country) English, Italian, Spanish, Ancient Roman, History
Meaning unknown. This was the name of an ancient country in the Italian Peninsula (located in what is now Tuscany) inhabited by the Etruscans.... [more]
Eufrates (River) Catalan, Spanish, Portuguese
Catalan, Spanish and Portuguese form of Euphrates.
Eurásia (Region) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Eurasia.
Eurasia (Region) English, Italian, Norwegian, Romanian, Spanish
Combination of Europe and Asia. This is the name of a landmass comprising all of Europe and Asia.
Florida (Political Subdivision) English, Spanish
Means "flowery, ornate" in Spanish, a short form of either la Florida meaning "the flowery one" or Pascua Florida meaning "flowery Easter" (a Spanish name for Palm Sunday, so named because the region was discovered by Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de León on that day in 1513)... [more]
Fuerteventura (Island) Spanish
From Spanish fuerte "strong" and ventura "fortune", though an alternative theory is that the name is derived form the Roman name for the Canary Islands, Fortunatae Insulae "fortunate islands"... [more]
Gabão (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Gabon
Gabón (Country) Galician, Spanish
Galician and Spanish form of Gabon
Galileia (Region) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Galilee.
Gâmbia (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Gambia
Garajonay (Mountain) Spanish
The name of a mountain peak which is the highest point on the Canarian island of La Gomera, located at the center of the island and regarded as a spiritual center of power by the ancient inhabitants... [more]
Gedrósia (Region) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Gedrosia.
Goiás (Political Subdivision) Portuguese (Brazilian)
Of uncertain origin. It may be derived from the name of the (possibly mythical) Guaiá indigenous community; the name itself is composed of the Tupi words gua and , meaning, among other things, "the same person" or "people of the same origin." This is the name of a state of Brazil.
Gran Canaria (Island) Spanish
From Spanish gran "grande, great" and Canaria referring to the Canary Islands. Gran Canaria is the third largest and second most populous island of the Canary Islands.
Griecheland (Country) Hunsrik
Hunsrik form of Greece
Groninga (Settlement) Spanish, Portuguese, Italian
Spanish, Portuguese and Italian form of Groningen.
Guam (Political Subdivision & Island) Afrikaans, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
The name of the Territory. Guam is a U.S. island territory in Micronesia, in the Western Pacific. It's distinguished by tropical beaches, Chamorro villages and ancient latte-stone pillars. Guam’s WWII significance is on view at the War in the Pacific National Historical Park, whose sites include Asan Beach, a former battlefield... [more]
Guinea-bisáu (Country) Asturian, Spanish
Asturian and Spanish form of Guinea Bissau
Guinea Ecuatorial (Country) Galician, Spanish
Galician and Spanish form of Equatorial Guinea
Guiné-bissau (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Guinea Bissau
Guiné Equatorial (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Equatorial Guinea
Habana (Settlement) Spanish, Japanese
Spanish and Japanese form of Havana. In Spanish it is usually written with the definite article: La Habana.
Hanói (Settlement) Portuguese, Spanish
Portuguese and Spanish form of Hanoi.
Hircânia (Region) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Hyrcania.
Hircania (Region) Spanish
Spanish form of Hyrcania.
Honduras (Country) Spanish
Means "depths" in Spanish.
Hurwatsuyu (Country) Quechua
Quechua form of Croatia.
Iêmen (Country) Portuguese (Brazilian)
Brazilian Portuguese form of Yemen.
Ilanda (Country) Quechua
Quechua form of Ireland
Imaily (Other) Spanish
Its an invented name not very used.
Indostán (Country & Region) Spanish
Spanish form of Hindustan.
Inguchétia (Political Subdivision) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Ingushetia.
Ingusetia (Political Subdivision) Spanish
Spanish form of Ingushetia.
Iraque (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Iraq
Islândia (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Iceland
Islandia (Country & Island) Georgian, Greek, Indonesian, Polish, Spanish
Form of Iceland used in several languages.
Islandya (Country) Quechua, Tagalog
Quechua and Tagalog form of Iceland
Islas Malvinas (Island) Spanish
An archipelago in the South Atlantic Ocean on the Patagonian Shelf and an overseas territory claimed by Argentina and administered by the United Kingdom (known in English as the Falkland Islands)... [more]
Isnaya (Settlement) Spanish
Ispaña (Country) Quechua
Quechua form of Spain
Istambul (Settlement) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Istanbul.
Italje (Country) Hunsrik
Hunsrik form of Italy
Jacarta (Settlement) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Jakarta.
Jamaica (Country & Island) Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Hungarian, Malay, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish
From Taíno Xaymaca meaning "land of wood and water" or "land of springs". This is the name of an island country in the Caribbean.
Java (Political Subdivision & Island) English, Dutch, French, German, Portuguese, Spanish
From Indonesian Jawa, which is of uncertain origin. It is most likely derived from Sanskrit यव-द्वीप (yava-dvipa) meaning "island of barley", though it may have come from Javanese ꦗꦸꦮꦮꦸꦠ꧀ (juwawut) meaning "foxtail millet (a type of plant)" or Malay jauh meaning "far, distant"... [more]
Jordânia (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Jordan (the country).
Jordão (River) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Jordan (the river).
Judeia (Region) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Iudaea (see Judea).
Jumilla (Settlement) Spanish
Jumilla is a town in southeastern Spain in the province of Murcia. The name comes from the Latin word for “reeds”.
Kalmukia (Political Subdivision) Finnish, Spanish
Finnish and Spanish form of Kalmykia.
Kampala (Settlement) English, Armenian, Danish, Dutch, French, Hebrew, Italian, Portuguese, Russian, Slovak, Spanish
From K'empala, a shortening of the original Baganda Akasozi ke'Empala ("Hill of the Impala"). This is the name of the capital city of Uganda.
Karagandá (Settlement) Spanish
Spanish form of Karaganda.
Katmandú (Settlement) Icelandic, Spanish
Icelandic and Spanish form of Kathmandu.
Kazán (Settlement) Spanish
Spanish form of Kazan.
Kirguisia (Country) Spanish
Spanish form of Kyrgyzstan via its Russian name Kirgiziya. This is an alternative name for the country; the standard name in Spain is Kirguistán.
Kurdistán (Region) Czech, Spanish
Czech and Spanish form of Kurdistan.
Kuwait (Country) Arabic, Danish, English, Finnish, German, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
Of uncertain meaning, possibly from the alleged Arabic root ك و ت (k-w-t) or from a word meaning "fortress built near water". This is the name of a country in Western Asia, usually written with the definite article: الكويت (al-Kuwait) in Arabic.
Labrador (Political Subdivision) Portuguese, Spanish
Province in Canada. Likely from Portuguese explorer João Fernandes Lavrador. Lavrador means "farmer" in Portuguese, as does the Spanish word 'labrador'.
Lacônia (Political Subdivision & Region) Portuguese (Brazilian)
Brazilian Portuguese form of Laconia.
La Haya (Settlement) Spanish
Spanish form of The Hague.
Lánao (Political Subdivision & Body of Water) Spanish
Spanish form of Lanao.
Lanzarote (Island) Spanish
Derived from the first name of the Genoese navigator Lancillotto Malocello (born in 1270). Lanzarote is an island in the Canary Islands, a Spanish archipelago in the Atlantic Ocean, near the coast of northwestern Africa.
Lassa (Settlement) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Lhasa.
Lérida (Settlement) Spanish
Letônia (Country) Portuguese (Brazilian)
Brazilian Portuguese form of Latvia via its New Latin name Lettonia.
Letonia (Country) Albanian, Greek, Romanian, Spanish
Albanian, Greek, Romanian and Spanish form of Latvia via its New Latin name Lettonia.
Líbano (Country) Galician, Spanish, Portuguese
Galician, Portuguese and Spanish form of Lebanon
Líbia (Country) Catalan, Hungarian, Portuguese
Catalan, Hungarian, and Portuguese form of Libya.
Lima (Settlement) Spanish (Latin American)
Lima is a corruption of the name Rimac.
Livônia (Region) Portuguese (Brazilian)
Brazilian Portuguese form of Livonia.
Livonia (Region) History, Albanian, Aragonese, Asturian, Basque, English, Galician, Indonesian, Italian, Romanian, Spanish
Livonia was a historic region in the Baltic, located approximately in present-day southern Estonia and northern Latvia... [more]
Livorno (Settlement) Italian, English, Bulgarian, Czech, Dutch, Esperanto, Finnish, German, Greek, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Ukrainian
From Old Italian Ligorno, itself from Latin Liburnus, derived from the tribe of the Liburnians (in Latin Liburni). This is the name of a port city in north-central Italy.
Los Ángeles (Other) American, Spanish
A city and county in Southern California in the United States of America. Its full name being El Pueblo de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Ángeles de Porciúncula (English: The town of Our Lady the Queen of the Angels of Porciúncula).
Luanda (Settlement & Other) English, Dutch, French, German, Italian, Polish, Portuguese, Portuguese (Brazilian), Russian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish
From lu-, a plural marker in several Bantu languages, and ndandu, "value" or "object of commerce", referring to the shells of sea snails, which were used as currency in the ancient kingdoms of Kongo and Ndongo.... [more]
Luján (Settlement) Spanish
The name of a city in the Buenos Aires province of Argentina, best known for its basilica.... [more]
Lusaka (Political Subdivision & Settlement) English, Chewa, Chinese, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Hebrew, Italian, Russian, Slovak, Spanish
From Lusaaka, the name of a local Lenje chief. This is the name of the capital city of Zambia, as well as the district and the province in which the city is located.
Lusitânia (Political Subdivision & Region) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Lusitania.
Luxemborrich (Country) Hunsrik
Hunsrik form of Luxembourg
Luxemburgo (Country) Galician, Portuguese, Spanish
Galician, Portuguese and Spanish form of Luxembourg
Luzón (Island) Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of Luzon.
Macáçar (Settlement) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Makassar.
Macasar (Settlement) Spanish
Spanish form of Makassar.
Madagáscar (Country) Portuguese
Portuguese form of Madagascar
Madagascar (Country & Island) English, Catalan, Nahuatl, French, Italian, Manx, Portuguese (Brazilian), Spanish, Corsican
From Middle French Madagascar, from Madageiscar, as a corrupted transliteration of Mogadishu by Marco Polo's misreading of Arabic.... [more]
Madrid (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Spanish, Afrikaans, Arabic, Armenian, Asturian, Azerbaijani, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Galician, German, Hebrew, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Turkmen, Uzbek
From the older name Magerit, which is of uncertain meaning and origin. It may be derived from Arabic اَلْمَجْرِيط‎ (al-majrīṭ) meaning "source of water", from Latin matrix meaning "mother, source, origin (of rivers)", or from Celtic mageto ritu meaning "great bridge"... [more]
Maguindánao (Political Subdivision) Spanish
Spanish form of Maguindanao.
Maiombe (Region, Settlement, Political Subdivision & Other) Portuguese, Portuguese (African), Portuguese (Brazilian)
Portuguese variant of Mayumbe.