Central American Submitted Place Names

Central American names include those from Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama.
type
usage
Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
Abiyán (Settlement) Spanish
Spanish form of Abidjan.
Abjasia (Country) Spanish
Spanish form of Abkhazia.
Abu Dabi (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Albanian, Amharic, Armenian, Bulgarian, Hebrew, Macedonian, Serbian, Slovene, Spanish, Turkish
Form of Abu Dhabi used in numerous languages.
Abuya (Settlement) Spanish
Spanish form of Abuja.
Addis Abeba (Settlement) Amharic, German, Italian, Spanish
Amharic, German, Finnish, Italian and Spanish form of Addis Ababa.
Adís Abeba (Settlement) Spanish, Galician
Spanish and Galician form of Addis Ababa.
Agaña (Settlement) Spanish
Spanish form of Hagåtña.
Aguascalientes (Political Subdivision) Spanish
Means "hot waters" in Spanish, so named for the many hot springs in the region. This is the name of a state of, as well as a city in, Mexico.
Ajijic (Settlement) Spanish
Means "place of water" or "place where water bubbles up" in Nahuatl.
Alameda (Region) Spanish
The word Alameda is Spanish for "tree lined street or path" or "grove of poplar trees."
Albaina (Settlement) Spanish
Albaina is a hamlet and minor local entity located in the municipality of Condado de Treviño, in Burgos province, Castile and León, Spain.
Alejandría (Settlement) Spanish
Spanish form of Alexandria.
Alepo (Political Subdivision) Chinese, Georgian, Portuguese, Spanish
Chinese, Georgian, Portuguese and Spanish form of Aleppo.
Almatí (Settlement) Spanish
Spanish form of Almaty.
Almería (Settlement) Spanish
From the name of the Spanish city. Means 'the mirror of the sea.'
Almodóvar (River, Body of Water & Settlement) Spanish
From Arabic المدور (al-mudawwar) meaning "round (place)" referring to a fort, hill or other topographic feature. It is the name of a river and reservoir in the province of Cádiz, Spain, as well as three towns in other provinces.
Almodóvar del Campo (Settlement) Spanish
Meaning "Almodóvar of the Field". It is the name of a town in the province of Ciudad Real, Spain.
Almodóvar del Pinar (Settlement) Spanish
Meaning "Almodóvar of the Pine Grove". It is the name of a village in the province of Cuenca, Spain.
Almodóvar del Río (Settlement) Spanish
Meaning "Almodóvar of the River". It is the name of a town in the province of Córdoba, Spain.
Alpes (Mountain) French, Spanish, Portuguese
French, Spanish and Portuguese form of Alps.
Alsacia (Region) Spanish
Spanish form of Alsace (a region of France).
Amalfi (Settlement) Italian, Spanish (Latin American)
The name of a coastal in the Italian province of Salerno and a town and municipality in the Antioquia Department of Colombia which is named in honour of the Italian town.... [more]
Amán (Settlement & Political Subdivision) Spanish
Spanish form of Amman.
Amazonas (Political Subdivision & River) Portuguese (Brazilian), Spanish (Latin American), Spanish
Reportedly named this way after the warriors, led by women, that attacked Francisco de Orellana's expedition, reminding him of the Amazons of Greek mythology. The word Amazon may come from Iranian *ha-maz-an- ("(one) fighting together") or *ha-mazan- ("warriors").... [more]
Amerrisque (Mountain) Mayan
Amerrique is the Indian name of the mountains between Juigalpa and Libertad in Chontales Department in Nicaragua; these mountains separate Lake Nicaragua from the Mosquito Coast... [more]
Ammán (Settlement & Political Subdivision) Czech, Hungarian, Slovak, Spanish
Czech, Hungarian, Slovak and Spanish form of Amman.
Ámsterdam (Settlement) Spanish
Spanish form of Amsterdam.
Andalucía (Political Subdivision) Spanish
Spanish form of Andalusia.
Andorra (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Catalan, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Greek, Hungarian, Icelandic, Italian, Luxembourgish, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian
The name of the country of Andorra, whose name is possibly derived from a Basque word andurrial (“shrub-covered land”), but it may come from Arabic الدرا (“the forest”) or Spanish andar (“to walk”).
Andorra La Vieja (Settlement) Spanish
Spanish form of Andorra La Vella.
Ankara (Settlement & River) Turkish, English, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bengali, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Burmese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkmen, Ukrainian
Derived from Ancient Greek ἄγκυρα (ankura) meaning "anchor, hook", referring to a river bend. This is the name of the capital city of Turkey as well as a river of the same name.
Antártida (Region) Portuguese, Spanish
Portuguese and Spanish form of Antarctica.
Apulia (Political Subdivision) English, Ancient Roman, Polish, Spanish
From Latin Apulia, itself of unknown origin, perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ep-, meaning "water". This is the name of a region in southern Italy.
Aquitania (Region) Spanish
Aquitania was a region of Gaul inhabited by the Aquitani, a people living in Gallo-Roman times in what is now Aquitaine, France.
Arabia Saudí (Country) Spanish
Variant of Arabia Saudita.
Aracosia (Region) Spanish
Spanish form of Arachosia.
Arcadia (Region & Settlement) English, Italian, Spanish
From Greek Ἀρκαδία (Arkadia) named for the mythological character Arcas. This is the name of a region in the Peloponnese in southern Greece, as well as the name of numerous cities in various countries.
Arequipa (Political Subdivision) Spanish (Latin American)
Legend says it comes from Ari-quepay "(let's) stay here" in Quechua.
Arica (Settlement) Spanish
It is the name of province, and town in Chile. It is also the name of a town in Colombia.
Aruba (Political Subdivision & Island) Afrikaans, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Italian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian
An island in the Caribbean Sea that is part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
Asjabad (Settlement) Spanish
Spanish form of Ashgabat.
Asmara (Settlement) English, Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Bosnian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hindi, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kyrgyz, Lithuanian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malagasy, Malay, Malayalam, Marathi, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Somali, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish, Tagalog, Tamil, Turkish
From Tigrinya ኣርባዕተ ኣስመራ (arbate asmera) meaning "the four (women) made them unite," referring to Tigrinya oral tradition in which four women convinced their clans to unite and defeat a common enemy... [more]
Astaná (Settlement) Spanish
Spanish form of Astana.
Asunción (Settlement) Spanish
Means "assumption" in Spanish, as in “assumption of Mary to heaven". This is the capital of Paraguay. Originally called Nuestra Señora Santa María de la Asunción (meaning "Our Lady Saint Mary of the Assumption") by its founder, it was later shortened to Asunción.
Azerbaiyán (Country) Spanish
Spanish form of Azerbaijan.
Azores (Political Subdivision & Region) English, Greek, Spanish
From Portuguese Açores meaning "goshawks", the plural of açor meaning "goshawk". This is the name of an archipelago located in the North Atlantic Ocean and one of the two autonomous regions of Portugal.
Bakú (Settlement) Icelandic, Spanish
Icelandic and Spanish form of Baku.
Bamako (Settlement) English, Armenian, Catalan, Danish, Esperanto, French, Fula, German, Hebrew, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish
Union of Bambara words bama ("crocodile") and ("stream"). This is the name of the capital city of Mali.
Bamako (Settlement) Fula, English, French, Afrikaans, Albanian, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bengali, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, Georgian, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kazakh, Korean, Kyrgyz, Latvian, Macedonian, Malagasy, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tajik, Tagalog, Thai, Turkish, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From Bambara Bamakɔ meaning "crocodile river", derived from bama meaning "crocodile" and meaning "stream, river". This is the name of the capital city of Mali.
Banjul (Settlement) English, Afrikaans, Arabic, Armenian, Bengali, Bosnian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Korean, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Turkmen, Urdu, Uzbek
Derived from Mandinka bang julo meaning "rope fibre". This is the name of the capital city of The Gambia.
Barbados (Island & Country) English, Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bengali, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hindi, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek
From Portuguese barbados meaning "bearded ones", ultimately from barba meaning "beard". It is unclear what exactly the name refers to; it may have come from the hanging vines of fig trees on the island, from the beards worn by the native Carib (Kalinago) people, or from the 'beard' formed by sea foam surrounding the island... [more]
Barcelona (Settlement) Catalan, Spanish, English
Barcelona is a city in Spain. It is the capital and largest city of Catalonia, as well as the second most populous municipality of Spain.
Bari (Settlement) Italian, English, Armenian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Greek, Hungarian, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Sicilian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
From Latin Barium, itself of uncertain origin, possibly from Messapic *baur or *bur, meaning "house", ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bhreu ("to grow, to be"). This is the name of the capital city of Apulia, in southern Italy.
Basilicata (Political Subdivision) Italian, English, Dutch, Spanish, Portuguese
The origin of the name is uncertain: it may come from the Greek term βασιλικός (basilikos), a title given to the Byzantine governors of the region; it may be derived from the church of Acerenza, whose bishop had jurisdiction over the territory; or it may be connected to Basil II Porphyrogenitus, Byzantine emperor from 976 to 1025.... [more]
Bastilla (Other) Spanish
Spanish form of Bastille.
Beirut (Settlement) English, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Danish, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hebrew, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Ukrainian
From the Arabic name بيروت (Bayrut), itself derived from Phoenician 𐤁𐤓𐤕 (bērūt) meaning "wells", a reference to the area's accessible water table. This is the name of the capital city of Lebanon as well as an alternate transcription of the Belarusian, Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Russian and Ukrainian form Бейрут (see Beyrut).
Belgrado (Settlement) Afrikaans, Dutch, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese
Afrikaans, Dutch, Italian, Spanish and Portuguese form of Belgrade.
Belmopán (Settlement) Spanish
Spanish form of Belmopan.
Beocia (Political Subdivision & Region) Spanish
Spanish form of Boeotia.
Bérgamo (Settlement) Portuguese, Spanish
Portuguese and Spanish form of Bergamo.
Berlín (Settlement) Catalan, Czech, Icelandic, Slovak, Spanish
Form of Berlin used in multiple languages.
Berna (Settlement & Political Subdivision) Catalan, Italian, Portuguese, Spanish
Catalan, Italian, Portuguese and Spanish form of Bern.
Bielorrusia (Country) Spanish, Asturian, Basque
Spanish, Asturian and Basque form of Belarus.
Biskek (Settlement) Greek, Hungarian, Spanish
Greek, Hungarian, and Spanish form of Bishkek.
Biskek (Settlement) Greek, Hungarian, Khmer, Spanish
Greek, Hungarian, Khmer and Spanish form of Bishkek.
Bogotá (Settlement) Spanish, English, Afrikaans, Albanian, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Malagasy, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Tagalog, Turkish
Meaning uncertain, likely derived from an unknown Chibcha word. The original Chibcha name has been attributed to Bacatá (also rendered as Muyquytá) meaning "fields' end" or "outside the farmlands", the name of a historical settlement... [more]
Bombay (Settlement) English (Archaic), Dutch, French, Spanish
From Portuguese Bombaim, which may have been derived from the phrase bom baim meaning "good little bay" or from the Marathi name मुंबई (Mumbai). This is an older English name for Mumbai, officially used until 1995... [more]
Bonaire (Political Subdivision & Island) Afrikaans, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Latvian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
An island in the Caribbean Sea that is a special municipality of the Netherlands.
Brescia (Settlement) Italian, English, Catalan, French, Polish, Romanian, Sicilian, Spanish, Turkish
From Latin Brixia, itself probably from a Gaulish or Celtic root denoting a hill. This is the name of a city in northern Italy.
Breslavia (Settlement) Italian, Spanish, Tagalog
Italian, Spanish and Tagalog form of Wrocław.
Bruselas (Settlement) Spanish, Tagalog
Spanish and Tagalog form of Brussels.
Bucarest (Settlement) Italian, Occitan, Spanish
Italian, Occitan and Spanish form of Bucharest.
Buenos Aires (Settlement) Spanish
Ultimately derived from Aragonese buen ayre “good air”. It is the capital city of Argentina. The explorer who founded the city originally called it Ciudad de la Santísima Trinidad y Puerto de Nuestra Señora la Virgen María de los Buenos Aires meaning "City of the Most Holy Trinity and Port of Saint Mary of the Good Airs" which was later shortened to just Buenos Aires.
Bujará (Settlement) Spanish
Spanish form of Bukhara.
Burgos (Settlement) Spanish
From Gothic baurgs, "burg". It is a city in northern Spain.
Buriatia (Political Subdivision) Spanish
Spanish form of Buryatia.
Burundi (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Breton, Bulgarian, Burmese, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Faroese, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian
The name of the Country in East Africa. Burundi, officially the Republic of Burundi, is a landlocked country in the African Great Lakes region of East Africa, bordered by Rwanda to the north, Tanzania to the east and south, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west.
Bután (Country) Spanish, Aragonese, Asturian, Galician
Spanish, Aragonese, Asturian and Galician form of Bhutan.
Cabo Verde (Country) Portuguese (African), Spanish, Võro
Portuguese, Spanish and Võro form of Cape Verde.
Cachemira (Region) Spanish
Spanish form of Kashmir.
Cádiz (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Spanish
From Arabic قادس (Qadis), ultimately derived (via Latin) from Phoenician 𐤂𐤃𐤓 (gdr) meaning "wall, compound". This is the name of a province and city in southwestern Spain, historically known as Gades in Latin and Γάδειρα (Gadeira) in Greek.
Cagayán (Political Subdivision & River) Spanish
Spanish form of Cagayan.
Cagliari (Settlement) Italian, English, Danish, French, Galician, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish
From Latin Calaris, itself from Phoenician Krly, of uncertain meaning. This is the name of the capital city of Sardinia, an island in the Mediterranean Sea and a region of Italy.
Cagua (Settlement) Indigenous American, Spanish (Latin American)
From the Cumanagoto word Cahigua, meaning “Snail”.
Calabria (Political Subdivision) Italian, English, Finnish, Galician, Spanish
From Ancient Greek Καλαβρία (Kalabría), itself derived from the name of a local Oscan tribe. This is the name of a region in southern Italy.
Calahorra (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Spanish
Calcuta (Settlement) Spanish, Catalan
Spanish and Catalan form of Calcutta (see Kolkata).
Caleta (Settlement) Spanish
City name meaning ''little bay, inlet, or cove''. Most often La Caleta.
Camberra (Settlement) Portuguese, Galician, Spanish
Portuguese and Galician form of Canberra, as well as a Spanish variant.
Camboya (Country) Spanish, Asturian
Spanish and Asturian form of Cambodia.
Camerún (Country) Galician, Spanish
Galician and Spanish from of Cameroon
Campania (Political Subdivision) Italian, English, Galician, Spanish, Ancient Roman
From Latin Campania, itself from campania felix, denoting the fertile countryside around Mount Vesuvius. This is the name of a region in southern Italy.
Campeche (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Spanish
Derived from Kaan Peech, the name of the 16th-century Maya chiefdom meaning "place of snakes and ticks", derived from Yucatec Maya kaan meaning "snake" and peech meaning "tick"... [more]
Campobasso (Settlement) Italian, English, French, German, Spanish
Literally "low field"; derived from Latin Campus Vassorum, denoting that the city was host to vassals. This is the name of the capital city of the southern Italian region of Molise.
Canarias (Island) Spanish
From Latin Canariae Insulae meaning "islands of the dogs". This is the name of a Spanish archipelago in the Atlantic Ocean, near the coast of northwestern Africa.
Canberra (Settlement) English, Afrikaans, Bosnian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Maltese, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
Meaning unknown, possibly from Ngunawal kamberra meaning "meeting place". This is the name of the capital city of Australia.
Cantabria (Political Subdivision) Spanish
Cantón (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Spanish
Spanish form of Canton, used for both Guangdong and Guangzhou.
Caonia (Region) Italian, Spanish
Italian and Spanish form of Chaonia.
Cápiz (Political Subdivision) Spanish
Spanish form of Capiz.
Caracas (Settlement) English, Catalan, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Polish, Portuguese, Portuguese (Brazilian), Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish
From the earlier name Santiago de León de Caracas. The name Caracas is most likely derived from the name of a tribe that used to live in the area. This is the name of the capital city of Venezuela.
Caribe (Region) Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of Caribbean.
Carmania (Political Subdivision & Region) Old Persian (Latinized), English, Italian, Spanish
Latinized form of ancient Persian Karmana via its hellenized form Karmania. This was the name of a region and province of several Persian empires.
Cárpatos (Mountain) Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of Carpathians.
Cartago (Settlement) Catalan, Spanish, Portuguese
Catalan, Spanish and Portuguese form of Carthage.
Casablanca (Settlement) English, French, Spanish
Means "white house" in Spanish. The name comes from a Spanish translation of the Arabic name الدار البيضاء (ad-Dar al-Bayda'), which in turn was derived from a calque of the Portuguese name Casa Branca... [more]
Catania (Settlement) Italian, English, German, Sicilian, Spanish
From Ancient Greek Kατάvη (Katánē), itself either from Sicel katane ("grater"), due to its proximity to Mount Etna and the resulting rough earth, or from Proto-Italic katina ("basin"), owing to the wide valley around the town... [more]
Catanzaro (Settlement) Italian, English, French, Catalan, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, German
From Latin Catanciarium, itself derived from Catacium, ultimately from Ancient Greek Καταρτάριοι, meaning "silk spinners". This is the name of a city in southern Italy, the second city in Calabria, as well as its capital city.
Catar (Country) Portuguese, Spanish
Portuguese and Spanish form of Qatar.
Cáucaso (Region & Mountain) Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of Caucasus.
Cerdeña (Region & Island) Spanish
Spanish form of Sardinia.
Ceuta (Settlement) English, Spanish, Portuguese
The settlement below Jebel Musa was later renamed for the seven hills around the site, collectively referred to as the "Seven Brothers". In particular, the Roman stronghold at the site took the name "Fort at the Seven Brothers"... [more]
Chechenia (Political Subdivision) Spanish
Spanish form of Chechnya.
Chequia (Country) Spanish, Aragonese, Asturian, Galician, Occitan
Form of Czechia used in multiple languages.
Chihuahua (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Spanish
Meaning unknown, possibly of Nahuatl origin meaning "the place where water of the rivers meet, confluence". This is the name of a state of, as well as a city in, Mexico.
Chiquinquira (Settlement) Spanish
the name of a town in venezuela
Cidonia (Settlement) Italian, Spanish
Italian and Spanish form of Cydonia.
Circasia (Region) Spanish
Spanish form of Circassia.
Ciscaucasia (Region) English, Italian, Spanish
Means "on this side of the Caucasus", derived from Latin cis meaning "on this side of" combined with the latinized Greek noun Caucasia meaning "the Caucasus" (both the mountains and their namesake region)... [more]
Coahuila (Political Subdivision) Spanish
Meaning uncertain. It is most likely of Nahuatl origin, with possible meanings including "flying serpent", "place of many trees" or "place where serpents creep". This is the name of a state of Mexico, formally known as Coahuila de Zaragoza.
Constantinopla (Settlement) Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of Constantinople.
Copenhague (Settlement) French, Portuguese (Brazilian), Spanish, Tagalog
French, Brazilian Portuguese, Spanish and Tagalog form of Copenhagen.
Corasmia (Political Subdivision & Region) Italian, Spanish
Italian and Spanish form of Khwarazm via its Greek and Latin name Chorasmia.
Corea Del Sur (Country) Asturian, Spanish
Asturian and Spanish form of South Korea
Corintia (Political Subdivision & Region) Romanian, Spanish
Romanian and Spanish form of Corinthia.
Corinto (Settlement) Italian, Spanish, Portuguese
Italian, Spanish and Portuguese form of Corinthus (see Corinth).
Costa De Marfil (Country) Spanish
Spanish form of Ivory Coast
Costa Rica (Country) Spanish, Afrikaans, Basque, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Swedish
The name of the Country in Central America. Costa Rica is a rugged, rainforested Central American country with coastlines on the Caribbean and Pacific. Though its capital, San Jose, is home to cultural institutions like the Pre-Columbian Gold Museum, Costa Rica is known for its beaches, volcanoes, and biodiversity... [more]
Cracovia (Settlement) Galician, Italian, Ancient Roman, Sicilian, Spanish
Galician, Italian, Latin, Sicilian and Spanish form of Krakow.
Crimea (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) English, Italian, Spanish
From Crimean Tatar Qırım, which is of uncertain origin. It may have been derived from a corruption of Latin Cimmerium or Greek Κιμμερικόν (Kimmerikon), the name of an ancient city, from Old Turkic qurum meaning "protection, defense" or qirum meaning "fosse, trench", or Ancient Greek κρημνοί (kremnoi) meaning "cliffs"... [more]
Curazao (Political Subdivision & Island) Spanish
Spanish form of Curaçao.
Cuzco (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Inca (Hispanicized), Quechua (Hispanicized), Spanish (Archaic)
Traditional spelling of Cusco, a city in Peru which was the capital of the Inca Empire. Cusco is the Hispanicized form of Quechua Qusqu meaning "rock, boundary stone; heap of earth and stones; nucleus; navel; bed, dry bed of a lake".
Daca (Settlement) Portuguese, Spanish
Portuguese and Spanish form of Dhaka.
Daguestán (Political Subdivision) Spanish
Spanish form of Dagestan.
Danubio (River) Italian, Spanish
Italian and Spanish form of Danube.
Dniéster (River) Spanish
Spanish form of Dniester.
Dominica (Country & Island) Afrikaans, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish
Derived from Latin dominica meaning "lordly" or "Sunday", named by explorer Christopher Columbus for his sighting of the island on a Sunday. This is the name of an island country in the Caribbean.
Dortmund (Settlement) English, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Italian, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Swedish
First mentioned in the 9th century AD as Throtmanni, of uncertain origin and meaning, the form Dortmunde first appeared in the 13th century. This is the name of a city in western Germany.
Dubái (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Spanish
Spanish form of Dubai.
Dublín (Settlement) Catalan, Spanish
Catalan and Spanish form of Dublin.
Dusambé (Settlement) Spanish
Spanish form of Dushanbe.
Ekaterimburgo (Settlement) Spanish
Spanish form of Yekaterinburg.
El Aaiún (Settlement) Spanish, English
Spanish form of Laayoune as well as an English variant.
El Cairo (Settlement) Spanish
Spanish form of Cairo.
El Paso (Settlement) English, Spanish
From Spanish el paso, meaning "the pass". This is the name of several settlements in the world, including the city in Texas.
El Salvador (Country) Spanish
El Salvador is a small Central American nation. It's known for its Pacific Ocean beaches, surf spots and mountainous landscape. Its Ruta de Las Flores is a winding route past coffee farms, rainforests with waterfalls and towns like Juayúa, with its weekend food festival, plus Ataco, home to vivid murals... [more]
El Salvador (Country) Spanish, English, Afrikaans, Amharic, Bosnian, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, German, Greek, Hebrew, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Swahili, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
Means "the saviour" in Spanish, referring to Jesus and shortened from the original name Provincia De Nuestro Señor Jesus Cristo, El Salvador Del Mundo literally meaning "Province of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Savior of the World"... [more]
Emilia (Region) Italian, English, Finnish, Polish, Spanish
From the Via Aemilia, itself from Marcus Aemilius Lepidus, the Roman consul who planned the road. This is the name of a traditional region of northern Italy, now contained in the modern political region of Emilia-romagna.
Emiratos Árabes Unidos (Country) Portuguese, Spanish
Portuguese and Spanish form of United Arab Emirates
Empoli (Settlement) Italian, English, French, German, Portuguese, Spanish
Of uncertain origin: possibly from the Germanic first name *Empo- with the suffix -ulus, or from Latin in portu ("in the port") as per the Tabula Peutingeriana. An eighth-century castle is documented with the names Empolum, Emporium and Empolis... [more]
Ereván (Settlement) Spanish
Spanish form of Yerevan.
Esauira (Settlement) Spanish
Spanish form of Essaouira.
Escandinavia (Region) Spanish
Spanish form of Scandinavia.
Esparta (Settlement) Spanish, Portuguese, Catalan, Asturian
Spanish, Portuguese, Catalan, and Asturian form of Sparta.
Estambul (Settlement) Spanish
Spanish form of Istanbul.
Etruria (Country) English, Italian, Spanish, Ancient Roman, History
Meaning unknown. This was the name of an ancient country in the Italian Peninsula (located in what is now Tuscany) inhabited by the Etruscans.... [more]
Eufrates (River) Catalan, Spanish, Portuguese
Catalan, Spanish and Portuguese form of Euphrates.
Florencia (Settlement) Spanish, Galician
Spanish and Galician form of Florentia (see Florence).
Florencia (Settlement) Spanish, Galician
Spanish and Galician form of Florentia (see Florence).
Fuerteventura (Island) Spanish
From Spanish fuerte "strong" and ventura "fortune", though an alternative theory is that the name is derived form the Roman name for the Canary Islands, Fortunatae Insulae "fortunate islands"... [more]
Garajonay (Mountain) Spanish
The name of a mountain peak which is the highest point on the Canarian island of La Gomera, located at the center of the island and regarded as a spiritual center of power by the ancient inhabitants... [more]
Gaza (Region & Settlement) English, Albanian, Armenian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Burmese, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkmen
From Hebrew עזה ('azza) most commonly believed to be derived from the word עז ('az) meaning "strong, fierce". This is the name of a region in western Asia on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea (referred to as the Gaza Strip), as well as a city in this region (called Gaza City).
Gibraltar (Political Subdivision & Settlement) English, Spanish, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hebrew, Indonesian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkmen, Uzbek
Derived from Arabic جبل طارق (jabal tariq) meaning "mountain of Tariq", so named for 7th-century Umayyad commander Tariq bin Ziyad, who led the Muslim conquest of Hispania... [more]
Ginebra (Settlement) Catalan, Spanish
Catalan and Spanish form of Geneva.
Gran Canaria (Island) Spanish
From Spanish gran "grande, great" and Canaria referring to the Canary Islands. Gran Canaria is the third largest and second most populous island of the Canary Islands.
Groninga (Settlement) Spanish, Portuguese, Italian
Spanish, Portuguese and Italian form of Groningen.
Guadalajara (Political Subdivision, Region & Settlement) Spanish
name comes from the Arabic (وادي الحجارة) wādī al-ḥajārah which means "Valley of the Stone", or "Fortress Valley". A city in Mexico bears this name from the birthplace of a conquistador of the same name as the city and the province of Spain the same name.
Guadalquivir (River) Spanish
From Arabic الوادي الكبير (al-wādi al-kabīr) meaning "the great river". It is the name of a river in Andalusia, Spain, and the namesake of the Nuevo Guadalquivir in Bolivia.
Guam (Political Subdivision & Island) Afrikaans, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
The name of the Territory. Guam is a U.S. island territory in Micronesia, in the Western Pacific. It's distinguished by tropical beaches, Chamorro villages and ancient latte-stone pillars. Guam’s WWII significance is on view at the War in the Pacific National Historical Park, whose sites include Asan Beach, a former battlefield... [more]
Guanajuato (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Spanish
Derived from Purépecha kuanhasï juáta or kuanasï uata meaning "hill of frogs". This is the name of a state of, as well as a city in, Mexico.
Guayaquil (Settlement) Spanish
From the older name Santiago de Guayaquil, the second part of uncertain origin. It may have been derived from the joined names of indigenous leader Guayas and his wife, Quil. This is the name of a city in Educador.
Guinea-bisáu (Country) Asturian, Spanish
Asturian and Spanish form of Guinea-Bissau.
Guinea Ecuatorial (Country) Galician, Spanish
Galician and Spanish form of Equatorial Guinea
Guiza (Settlement) Spanish
Spanish form of Giza.
Guyana (Country) English, Afrikaans, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
Meaning uncertain, possibly derived from an indigenous word (perhaps Tupi or Guarani) meaning "land of many waters". This is the name of a country in South America.
Habana (Settlement) Spanish, Japanese
Spanish and Japanese form of Havana. In Spanish it is usually written with the definite article: La Habana.
Haití (Country) Catalan, Spanish
Catalan and Spanish form of Haiti.
Hanói (Settlement) Portuguese, Spanish
Portuguese and Spanish form of Hanoi.
Hawái (Political Subdivision & Island) Spanish
Spanish form of Hawaii.
Himalaya (Mountain) Sanskrit, Nepali, English, Danish, Dutch, French, German, Hebrew, Indonesian, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
Means "abode of snow" in Sanskrit, from हिम (hima) meaning "snow, frost, cold, winter" and आलय (alaya) meaning "abode, dwelling". This is the name of a mountain range in Asia.
Hircania (Region) Spanish
Spanish form of Hyrcania.
Honduras (Country) Spanish
Means "depths" in Spanish.
Honduras (Country) Spanish, English, Afrikaans, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bengali, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hebrew, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu
Means "depths" in Spanish, either referring to the deep waters off the northern coast of the country or from Christopher Columbus' alleged quote "Gracias a Dios que hemos salido de esas honduras" meaning "Thank God we have departed from those depths"... [more]
Hong Kong (Settlement, Political Subdivision & Island) English, Albanian, Bosnian, Croatian, French, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Tagalog, Turkish
From Cantonese 香港 (Hoeng Gong) derived from 香 (hoeng) meaning "fragrant" and 港 (gong) meaning "port, harbour". This is the name of a city, island and special administrative region of China.
Ibiza (Island) Spanish, French, Italian, English, Czech, German, Polish, Portuguese
Spanish form of Catalan Eivissa, which is a derivative of Arabic يَابِسَة‎ (yābisa), itself from Latin Ebusus, from Phoenician 𐤀𐤉𐤁𐤔𐤌‎ (ʾybšm).
Iloílo (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Spanish
Spanish form of Iloilo.
Indostán (Country & Region) Spanish
Spanish form of Hindustan.
Ingusetia (Political Subdivision) Spanish
Spanish form of Ingushetia.
Isfahán (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Czech, Slovak, Spanish
Czech, Slovak and Spanish form of Isfahan.
Isla De Alborán (Island) Spanish
Spanish form of Alboran Island.
Islandia (Country & Island) Georgian, Greek, Indonesian, Polish, Spanish
Form of Iceland used in several languages.
Islandia (Country) Armenian, Georgian, Greek, Indonesian, Polish, Spanish
Form of Iceland used in multiple languages.
Islas Malvinas (Island) Spanish
An archipelago in the South Atlantic Ocean on the Patagonian Shelf and an overseas territory claimed by Argentina and administered by the United Kingdom (known in English as the Falkland Islands)... [more]
Isnaya (Settlement) Spanish
Jalisco (Political Subdivision) Spanish
From Nahuatl Xālixco meaning "over a sandy surface", derived from xalli meaning "sand", ixtli meaning "surface, plain" and the locative suffix -co. This is the name of a state of Mexico.
Jamaica (Country & Island) Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Hungarian, Malay, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish
From Taíno Xaymaca meaning "land of wood and water" or "land of springs". This is the name of an island country in the Caribbean.
Java (Political Subdivision & Island) English, Dutch, French, German, Portuguese, Spanish
From Indonesian Jawa, which is of uncertain origin. It is most likely derived from Sanskrit यव-द्वीप (yava-dvipa) meaning "island of barley", though it may have come from Javanese ꦗꦸꦮꦮꦸꦠ꧀ (juwawut) meaning "foxtail millet (a type of plant)" or Malay jauh meaning "far, distant"... [more]
Jumilla (Settlement) Spanish
Jumilla is a town in southeastern Spain in the province of Murcia. The name comes from the Latin word for “reeds”.
Kalmukia (Political Subdivision) Finnish, Spanish
Finnish and Spanish form of Kalmykia.
Kampala (Settlement) English, Armenian, Danish, Dutch, French, Hebrew, Italian, Portuguese, Russian, Slovak, Spanish
From K'empala, a shortening of the original Baganda Akasozi ke'Empala ("Hill of the Impala"). This is the name of the capital city of Uganda.
Karagandá (Settlement) Spanish
Spanish form of Karaganda.
Katmandú (Settlement) Icelandic, Spanish
Icelandic and Spanish form of Kathmandu.
Kazakstán (Country) Asturian, Spanish
Asturian form of Kazakhstan as well as a Spanish variant of Kazajistán.
Kazán (Settlement) Spanish
Spanish form of Kazan.
Kinsasa (Settlement) Greek, Icelandic, Spanish
Greek, Icelandic and Spanish form of Kinshasa.
Kirguisia (Country) Spanish
Spanish form of Kyrgyzstan via its Russian name Kirgiziya. This is an alternative name for the country; the standard name in Spain is Kirguistán.
Kurdistán (Region) Czech, Spanish
Czech and Spanish form of Kurdistan.
Kuwait (Country) Arabic, Danish, English, Finnish, German, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
Of uncertain meaning, possibly from the alleged Arabic root ك و ت (k-w-t) or from a word meaning "fortress built near water". This is the name of a country in Western Asia, usually written with the definite article: الكويت (al-Kuwait) in Arabic.
Labrador (Political Subdivision) Portuguese, Spanish
Province in Canada. Likely from Portuguese explorer João Fernandes Lavrador. Lavrador means "farmer" in Portuguese, as does the Spanish word 'labrador'.
La Haya (Settlement) Spanish
Spanish form of The Hague.
La Meca (Settlement) Catalan, Spanish
Catalan and Spanish form of Mecca.
Lánao (Political Subdivision & Body of Water) Spanish
Spanish form of Lanao.
Lanzarote (Island) Spanish
Derived from the first name of the Genoese navigator Lancillotto Malocello (born in 1270). Lanzarote is an island in the Canary Islands, a Spanish archipelago in the Atlantic Ocean, near the coast of northwestern Africa.
Las Vegas (Settlement) English, Spanish
Means "the meadows" in Spanish, from vega meaning "meadow". This is the name of a city in the American state of Nevada.
La Valeta (Settlement) Spanish
Spanish form of Valletta.
Lérida (Settlement) Spanish
Letonia (Country) Albanian, Greek, Romanian, Spanish
Albanian, Greek, Romanian and Spanish form of Latvia via its New Latin name Lettonia.
Líbano (Country) Galician, Spanish, Portuguese
Galician, Portuguese and Spanish form of Lebanon
Lima (Settlement) Spanish, Aymara, English, Afrikaans, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Burmese, Chinese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Khmer, Kyrgyz, Lao, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Thai, Turkish, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek
Most likely a corruption of Rímac, the name of a river, itself derived from Quechua rimaq meaning "speaker, talker" (ultimately from rimay meaning "to speak")... [more]
Lima (Settlement) Spanish (Latin American)
Lima is a corruption of the name Rimac.
Liubliana (Settlement) Arabic, Georgian, Lithuanian, Portuguese, Spanish
Georgian, Lithuanian, Portuguese and Spanish form of Ljubljana as well as an alternate transcription of Arabic ليوبليانا (see Lyublyana).
Livonia (Region) History, Albanian, Aragonese, Asturian, Basque, English, Galician, Indonesian, Italian, Romanian, Spanish
Livonia was a historic region in the Baltic, located approximately in present-day southern Estonia and northern Latvia... [more]
Livorno (Settlement) Italian, English, Bulgarian, Czech, Dutch, Esperanto, Finnish, German, Greek, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Ukrainian
From Old Italian Ligorno, itself from Latin Liburnus, derived from the tribe of the Liburnians (in Latin Liburni). This is the name of a port city in north-central Italy.
Los Ángeles (Other) American, Spanish
A city and county in Southern California in the United States of America. Its full name being El Pueblo de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Ángeles de Porciúncula (English: The town of Our Lady the Queen of the Angels of Porciúncula).
Luanda (Settlement & Other) English, Dutch, French, German, Italian, Polish, Portuguese, Portuguese (Brazilian), Russian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish
From lu-, a plural marker in several Bantu languages, and ndandu, "value" or "object of commerce", referring to the shells of sea snails, which were used as currency in the ancient kingdoms of Kongo and Ndongo.... [more]
Luisiana (Political Subdivision) Italian, Portuguese, Spanish, Thai
Italian, Portuguese, Spanish and Thai form of Louisiana.
Luján (Settlement) Spanish
The name of a city in the Buenos Aires province of Argentina, best known for its basilica.... [more]
Lusaka (Political Subdivision & Settlement) English, Chewa, Chinese, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Hebrew, Italian, Russian, Slovak, Spanish
From Lusaaka, the name of a local Lenje chief. This is the name of the capital city of Zambia, as well as the district and the province in which the city is located.
Luzón (Island) Spanish, Portuguese
Spanish and Portuguese form of Luzon.
Macao (Political Subdivision & Settlement) English, Czech, Danish, Finnish, French, Italian, Norwegian, Romanian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish
Variant of Macau, as well as the usual form used in multiple languages.
Macasar (Settlement) Spanish
Spanish form of Makassar.
Madagascar (Country & Island) English, Catalan, Nahuatl, French, Italian, Manx, Portuguese (Brazilian), Spanish, Corsican
From Middle French Madagascar, from Madageiscar, as a corrupted transliteration of Mogadishu by Marco Polo's misreading of Arabic.... [more]
Maguindánao (Political Subdivision) Spanish
Spanish form of Maguindanao.
Mairena (Settlement & Other) Spanish
From an Andalusian Arabic rendition of the Roman name Mariana.... [more]
Majachkalá (Settlement) Spanish
Spanish form of Makhachkala.
Málaga (Settlement) Spanish
The city name of Málaga came from the latin name "Malacca".
Malasia (Country) Spanish, Asturian
Spanish and Asturian form of Malaysia.
Maldivas (Country & Island) Portuguese, Spanish
Portuguese and Spanish form of the Maldives
Malé (Settlement) English, Afrikaans, Albanian, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Malay, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
From Dhivehi މާލެ (Male) most likely derived from މާ (ma) meaning "great, big, large" and ލޭ (le) meaning "blood", so named for the large amount of tuna blood that surrounded the sandbanks of a certain island... [more]
Malí (Country) Icelandic, Spanish
Icelandic and Spanish form of Mali.
Mallorca (Island) Spanish
Spanish form of Majorca.
Managua (Settlement) Catalan, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish
This is the capital city of Nicaragua, there are two possible origins for the name "Managua". It may have originated from the term Mana-ahuac, which in the indigenous Nahuatl language translates to "adjacent to the water" or site "surrounded by water"... [more]
Manchuria (Region) English, Indonesian, Malay, Spanish, Tagalog
Likely from a Dutch calque of Japanese 満州 (Manshū) derived from the name of the Manchu people, ᠮᠠᠨᠵᡠ (manju), of uncertain origin. The ethnic name is probably derived from the name of the bodhisattva Manjushri in Buddhist tradition... [more]
Manila (Settlement) Filipino, Cebuano, Hiligaynon, Ilocano, Maranao, English, Spanish
From Tagalog Maynila, which is derived from the term may-nila meaning "where indigo is found", ultimately from Sanskrit नील (nila) referring to the indigo plant as well as indigo dye... [more]
Maputo (Settlement & River) English, Danish, Esperanto, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese, Slovak, Spanish
The city may have been named after Maputsu I of the Tembe clan, a subgroup of the Tsonga people found in Mozambique and South Africa, or after the Maputo River.... [more]
Marsella (Settlement) Asturian, Catalan, Galician, Spanish, Tagalog
Asturian, Catalan, Galician, Spanish and Tagalog form of Marseille.
Mascate (Settlement) French, Italian, Portuguese, Spanish
French, Italian, Portuguese and Spanish form of Muscat.
Mauricio (Country & Island) Galician, Spanish
Galician and Spanish form of Mauritius.
Mauritania (Country) Albanian, English, Finnish, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian, Spanish, Filipino, Tagalog
From Latin Maurītānia, itself from Maurus meaning "Moor", a historical name for the Muslims that inhabited Northern Africa and the Iberian Peninsula during the Middle Ages. This is the name of a country in West Africa.
Meejiko (Country) Indigenous American, Mayan
Yucatec Maya form of Mexico, referring only to the country.
Méjico (Country) Spanish
Variant spelling of México used in Spain.
Melilla (Settlement) Spanish, English
The etymology of Melilla is uncertain. Since Melilla was an active beekeeping location in the past, the name has been related to honey; this is tentatively backed up by two ancient coins featuring a bee as well as the inscriptions RSADR and RSA... [more]
Mequinez (Settlement) Spanish
Spanish form of Meknes.
Mesa (Settlement) English, Spanish
From Spanish mesa, literally "table", referring to a flat-topped elevation. This is the name of a city in the US state of Arizona.
Mesenia (Political Subdivision & Region) Polish, Spanish
Polish and Spanish form of Messenia.
Micronesia (Country & Region) Dutch, English, Italian, Spanish, Tagalog
From Greek μικρός (mikrós) meaning "small, little" and νῆσος (nesos) meaning "island". This is the name of a subregion of Oceania as well as an island country... [more]
Migdonia (Region) Italian, Spanish
Italian and Spanish form of Mygdonia.
Módena (Settlement) Asturian, Galician, Icelandic, Portuguese, Spanish
Icelandic, Portuguese and Spanish form of Modena.
Mogadiscio (Settlement) Catalan, French, Italian, Spanish
Catalan, French, Italian and Spanish form of Mogadishu.
Mónaco (Country & Settlement) Galician, Portuguese (European), Spanish
Galician, European Portuguese and Spanish form of Monaco
Montenegro (Country) Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Indonesian, Italian, Kurdish, Luxembourgish, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish
Means "black mountain" in Venetian, originally a calque of the Montenegrin name Црна Гора (Crna Gora) referring to Mount Lovćen... [more]
Montevideo (Settlement) English, Spanish
All agree that "Monte" refers to the Cerro de Montevideo, the hill situated across the Bay of Montevideo, but there is disagreement about the etymological origin of the "video" part. This is name of Uruguay’s capital city.
Mosquito (Region & Settlement) Indigenous American, Central American, Spanish (Latin American)
The Hispanicised name of the Miskito coast.
Nagorno-karabaj (Political Subdivision) Spanish
Spanish form of Nagorno-Karabakh
Naipyidó (Settlement) Spanish
Spanish form of Naypyidaw.
Namibia (Country) Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Danish, English, Finnish, Georgian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Romanian, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, Urdu
From the name of the Namib Desert, derived from Khoekhoe namib meaning "desert" or "vast place". This is the name of a country in southern Africa.
Nápoles (Settlement) Portuguese, Spanish, Asturian, Galician
Portuguese, Spanish, Asturian, and Galician form of Naples.
Navarra (Region) Spanish
Nayarit (Political Subdivision) Spanish
From the ethnic name of the Cora people, Náayerite, itself derived from the name of chief Cora Naye. This is the name of a state of Mexico.
Nazrán (Settlement) Asturian, Spanish
Asturian and Spanish form of Nazran.
Niamey (Settlement) English, Armenian, Danish, Finnish, French, Italian, Slovak, Spanish
Of uncertain origin; there are several theories on the origin of the name. It may be derived from a combination of Zarma words nia ("tree") and me ("shore where water is drawn"), or from the phrase "Wa niammané" ("take this city"), reportedly said by a Kalle clan chief... [more]
Niza (Settlement) Spanish
Spanish for the city of Nice, France.
Nom Pen (Settlement) Spanish
Spanish form of Phnom Penh.
Nuakchot (Settlement) Spanish
Spanish form of Nouakchott.
Nueva Zelanda (Country) Spanish, Aragonese, Asturian
Spanish, Aragonese and Asturian calque of New Zealand.
Oceanía (Region) Spanish, Galician
Spanish and Galician form of Oceania.
Oremburgo (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Portuguese, Spanish
Portuguese and Spanish form of Orenburg.
Orinoco (River) English, Spanish, Italian
The name of a river in Venezuela and Colombia, one of the longest rivers in South America.
Osetia (Region) Polish, Spanish
Polish and Spanish form of Ossetia.
Oviedo (Settlement) Spanish, Asturian
One of the best-known theories suggests that the term Oviedo comes from the union of urbs and vetus, which in Latin means "old city." Other theories relate it to "ovem" (sheep), and possibly meaning "place full of sheep"
Páez (Other, Political Subdivision, Region & Settlement) Spanish (Latin American), Paezean
The name of places in Venezuala and Colombia.... [more]
Palaos (Country) French, Spanish
French and Spanish form of Palau.
Palermo (Settlement) Italian, English, Dutch, Esperanto, Georgian, German, Greek, Maltese, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Turkish
From Latin Panormus, itself from Ancient Greek Πάνορμος (Pánormos), composed of the words πᾰν (pan, "all") and ὅρμος (hórmos, "port"), influenced by Arabic بَلَرْم‎ (balarm)... [more]