American Submitted Place Names
Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
ABAKAN(Settlement & River)Russian, English
Derived from the name Abakhan
which is the name of a mythological Turkish khan (king). His name means "bear's blood" in the Khakas language, and was bestowed to the present-day Abakan River and the city of the same name... [more]
A city in Scotland, stemming from the prefix aber- meaning 'river mouth', and the suffix -deen, which could possibly be referring to the rivers don and dee.
ABKHAZIA(Country & Political Subdivision)English
Derived from Russian Абхазия (Abkhaziya)
, which is derived from Georgian აფხაზეთი (Apkhazeti)
; ultimately from Abkhaz Аҧсны (Aṗsny)
, meaning "country of mortals" (popularly "a land/country of the soul")... [more]
Derived from Adyghe адыгэ (adyge)
referring to an Adyghe person, collectively an ethnic group in the Caucasus. Adygea is a republic of Russia in the Caucasus
region. It was formerly a part of the historic region of Circassia
Means "land of the Afghans (Pashtuns)"; a combination of the ethonym افغان (Afġān)
, used to refer to the native Pashtuns (the largest ethnic group inhabiting the region today), and the Persian suffix ـستان (-stān)
meaning "land, place of", "country"... [more]
Derived from Berber ⴰⴳⴰⴷⵉⵔ (agadir)
meaning "wall, enclosure, fortified building, citadel". Agadir is a port city located in southwestern Morocco
along the shore of the Atlantic
Name of a state in the United States, from the name of the Native American tribe Alabama
meaning "thick cutters," from Choctaw albah
"medicinal plants" and amo
Derived from Russian Аляска (Alyaska)
, which in turn is derived from Aleut alaxsxaq
meaning "object to which the action of the sea is directed". Alaska is the largest of the 50 American states, located northwest of the United States mainland and bordering Canada
Name of the capital in New York
, renamed after British acquisition in 1664 in honor of the Dukes of Albany (House of Stuart), hence a name borne by their retainers.
Name of one of the 12 provinces in Canada
, named after Princess Louise Caroline Alberta (1848–1939), the fourth daughter of Victoria, Queen of Canada, and Albert, Prince Consort.
ALMATY(Settlement)Kazakh, Russian, English
Meaning disputed. One theory suggests that the name comes from Almatu
, a medieval tribe that inhabited the area near present-day Almaty. Another states that the name is derived from the Kazakh word алма (alma)
ALTAI(Political Subdivision & Mountain)English, Mongolian, Russian, Altai, Kazakh
Combination of Mongolian алт (alt)
meaning "gold" and тай (tay)
meaning "with" (wholly meaning "the mountain with gold"). The Altai Republic is a federal subject north of Mongolia in Russia... [more]
The name of the Country in Central Africa. Angola is a Southern African nation whose varied terrain encompasses tropical Atlantic beaches, a labyrinthine system of rivers and Sub-Saharan desert that extends across the border into Namibia... [more]
From the name of the former county/duchy/province centered around the city of Angers in the Loire Valley of western France, which is in the present-day département
of Maine-et-Loire. It was the cradle of the House of Plantagenet who ruled England from the twelfth century, of whom the current royal family are descendants... [more]
Derived from Ancient Greek ἄγκυρα (ánkura)
meaning "anchor". The city was formerly called Ancyra
. Ankara is a city in Turkey and the largest city after Istanbul.
This was an ancient name of the country of Boeotia in Greek legend, allegedly derived from that of the hero Aon
. Aonia was a region sacred to the Muses, whom the English poet Alexander Pope called the "Aonian maids".
ARGENTINA(Country)English, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Scottish Gaelic, Spanish, Swedish, Swahili, Turkmen, Uzbek
The name of the Country in South America. Argentina is a massive South American nation with terrain encompassing Andes mountains, glacial lakes and Pampas grassland, the traditional grazing ground of its famed beef cattle... [more]
ARIZONA(Political Subdivision)English (American)
Name of a state in the United States, originally as the name of a breakaway Confederate region of southern New Mexico, organized roughly along modern lines as a U.S. territory in 1863. From Spanish Arizonac
, probably from a local name among the O'odham (Piman) people meaning "having a little spring"... [more]
ARKANSAS(Political Subdivision)English (American)
Name of a state in the United States, from the French pronunciation of the Quapaw people who lived on the Arkansas River.
Three possible places called Arlington in Gloucestershire, Devon, and East Sussex.
Meaning disputed. "Armenia", the English version of the country's name, is derived from Ancient Greek Ἀρμενία (Armenía)
which is from Old Persian Armina
. The Armenian form, Hayastan, comes from Old Armenian Հայկ (hayk')
, possibly derived from հայ (hay)
which means "Armenian"... [more]
Arrington, a place in Cambridgeshire, named from an Old English byname, Earn(a), meaning ‘eagle’ + -inga- ‘people or followers of’ + tūn ‘settlement’.
ASHGABAT(Settlement)English, Yoruba, Scots, Occitan, Malay, Swahili, Irish, Indonesian, Welsh, Shona
Means "city of love", "city of devotion" from Persian عشقآباد (ešq-âbâd)
, a combination of Persian عشق ('ešq)
meaning "love" and آباد (âbâd)
"city". This is the name of the capital city of Turkmenistan
A village in rural Northeast England. It is derived from the Old Norse askr
, 'ash tree' (c.f Swedish ask
, 'ash tree') and hryggr
, 'ridge' (c.f Swedish rygg
, 'ridge, spine', German rücken
, 'spine', Scots rig
Derived from Persian آستانه (âstâne)
meaning "capital". Astana is the current capital city of Kazakhstan, and was formerly named Akmoly, Akmolinsk, Tselinograd, and Akmola.
English name of ATHÍNA
, the capital of Greece. The root of the word is a possible remnant of the Pre-Greek substrate of Attica. ... [more]
Name of a city in Georgia
, named by J. Edgar Thomson, Chief Engineer of the Georgia Railroad.
The Baron Auckland and the Earl of Auckland are titles of the English nobility. The first Baron Auckland, William Eden, had the city of Auckland in New Zealand named after him. Bishop Auckland is a town in the county of Durham in Britain which has lent its name to the title... [more]
The name of an indian town built by UNESCO located in southern India. It was built as an experimental town to see how is the world without politics, money or polution.
Medieval Latin word meaning "eastern borderland" Austriaca is the Latinised form of the Old High German name for the country, Ostarreich, which means 'eastern kingdom'; ostar meaning 'eastern' and reich meaning 'kingdom' in Old High German.
Derived from Persian آذربایجان (âzarbâyjân)
which is ultimately from Middle Persian Ādurbādagān
referring to Atropates
, the Persian nobleman who founded the kingdom of Atropene... [more]
Habitational name from Badley in Suffolk or Baddeley Green in Staffordshire, both named with the Old English personal name Bad(d)a + lēah ‘woodland clearing’.
The name of the Country in the Caribbean. The Bahamas is a coral-based archipelago in the Atlantic Ocean. Its 700-plus islands and cays range from uninhabited to packed with resorts. The northernmost, Grand Bahama, and Paradise Island, home to many large-scale hotels, are among the best known... [more]
The name of the Country in the Middle East. Bahrain, a nation comprising more than 30 islands in the Persian Gulf, has been at the center of major trade routes since antiquity. In its modern capital, Manama, the acclaimed Bahrain National Museum showcases artifacts from the ancient Dilmun civilization that flourished in the region for millennia... [more]
BAIKAL(Body of Water)Russian, English
Derived from Mongolian Байгал нуур (Baygal nuur)
meaning "nature lake"; from Mongolian байгалө (baigalö)
"nature" and нуур (nuur)
"lake". Lake Baikal is a rift lake in Siberia
and the largest freshwater lake in the world.
Derived from Persian باد-کوبه (Bād-kube)
meaning "wind-pounded city" (bād
meaning "wind" and kube
meaning "to pound". Baku is the capital of the Transcaucasian country of Azerbaijan.
BANGLADESH(Country)English, Breton, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Interlingua, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish
Means "land of the Bengalis", from Bengali বাংলা (Bangla)
meaning "Bengali" (referring to the Bengali people or Bengali language spoken by the Bengali people), which is ultimately from Vanga
, the name of an ancient kingdom on the Indian subcontinent (see Bengal
) combined with দেশ (desh)
"country, land, state", ultimately from Sanskrit देश (deśá)
The name of the Country in the Caribbean. Barbados is an eastern Caribbean island and an independent British Commonwealth nation. Bridgetown, the capital, is a cruise-ship port with colonial buildings and Nidhe Israel, a synagogue founded in 1654... [more]
BASHKORTOSTAN(Political Subdivision)Russian, English
Means "land of the Bashkirs"; a combination of Bashkir
—from Turkic baş
meaning "head, chief, main, principal" and kurt
meaning "wolf"—and the Persian suffix ـستان (-stan)
meaning "land, place of", "country"... [more]
The capital of Lebanon. It is derived from Hebrew be'erot
which means "the wells".
BELARUS(Country)Belarusian, Russian, English
Derived from Slavic bela
meaning "white" and Rus
, a medieval Slavic state; the name literally means "white Rus" or "white Russia".
Derived from Slavic beli, beo
meaning "white" and grad
meaning "city, town". The name comes from a white wall of a fortress that protected the city.
The name of the Country in Central America. Belize is a nation on the eastern coast of Central America, with Caribbean Sea shorelines to the east and dense jungle to the west. Offshore, the massive Belize Barrier Reef, dotted with hundreds of low-lying islands called cayes, hosts rich marine life... [more]
The name of the Country in West Africa. Benin, a French-speaking West African nation, is a birthplace of the vodun (or “voodoo”) religion and home to the former Dahomey Kingdom from circa 1600–1900... [more]
Derived from the Old English personal name Beonna
combined with -ing-
, a connective particle denoting association, and tūn
Derived from the surname of Juan de Bermúdez, a 16th-century Spanish navigator alleged to have discovered the archipelago situated in the North Atlantic Ocean. Bermúdez
is a surname meaning "son of Bermudo
Meaning uncertain, though one theory suggests an origin from Tibetan བོད (Bod)
, referring to the present-day region of Tibet
, which ultimately derives from Sanskrit भोट-अन्त (Bhoṭa-anta)
meaning "end of Tibet", relating to Bhutan's geographical position as the southern extremity of the Tibetan plateau... [more]
Derived from Hassaniya Arabic bir lehlou
meaning "sweet water well". Bir Lehlou is an oasis town in the Polisario-controlled region in northeastern Western Sahara
A city in central England. Its name derives from the Anglo-Saxon words meaning 'the farm of Beormund's people', from the personal name Beormund
, meaning 'people' and ham
, meaning 'farm'.
BISHKEK(Settlement)Kyrgyz, Russian, English
Meaning uncertain. It could be derived from besh
meaning "five" and kek
meaning "chiefs", the word pishagakh
meaning "place beneath the mountains" or from Kazakh besh
meaning "five" and bik
meaning "peaks"... [more]
A coastal town in Lancashire. Literally means 'black pool', so named from a nearby drainage stream which ran through a peat bog, discharging discoloured water into the nearby Irish Sea. (Compare Dublin
The name of the Island in Asia. Borneo, a giant, rugged island in Southeast Asia’s Malay Archipelago, is shared by the Malaysian states of Sabah and Sarawak, Indonesian Kalimantan and the tiny nation of Brunei... [more]
From a surname which was originally taken from an English place name meaning "Botwulf's stone". (It is likely that Botwulf was an ordinary landowner; later the place name became associated with the saint of the same name, Botulph
, who built a monastery there in the 7th century.) A city in Massachusetts bears this name... [more]
The name of the Country in Southern Africa. Botswana, a landlocked country in Southern Africa, has a landscape defined by the Kalahari Desert and the Okavango Delta, which becomes a lush animal habitat during the seasonal floods... [more]
Name of a city in Colorado
, from Middle English bulderston
, from a Scandinavian source akin to Swedish dialectal bullersten
"noisy stone", (Swedish buller
"rumbling noise" + sten
The name of an English city, meaning "bright town" in Old English.
This is the name of a district and borough in south-east London.... [more]
Broughton (Welsh: Brychdyn) is a district in Flintshire, Wales, close to the Wales–England border, located to the west of the City of Chester, England.
BRUNEI(Country & River)English, Malay
According to legend, the name "Brunei" is derived from the exclamation Baru nah!
meaning "that's it!" or "there", shouted by Sultan Muhammad Shah (also known as Awang Alak Betatar), the first sultan of Brunei... [more]
Meaning uncertain. Traditional etymologies state that the city's name is derived from Bucur
, the name of a prince, outlaw, fisherman, shepherd, or hunter (depending on the specific legend), whose name is derived from Romanian bucurie
meaning "joy, happiness", probably of Dacian origin... [more]
Burma officially changed its name to Myanmar in 1989 but many countries still aren't recognizing the change, such as the United States.
BURUNDI(Country)English, Afrikaans, Basque, Breton, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Interlingua, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
The name of the Country in East Africa. Burundi, officially the Republic of Burundi, is a landlocked country in the African Great Lakes region of East Africa, bordered by Rwanda to the north, Tanzania to the east and south, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west.
Derived from the name Buryat
with an unknown meaning, denoting the indigenous Mongolic people who originally inhabited the area. Buryatia is a federal subject of Russia located in Siberia
CALIFORNIA(Political Subdivision)Spanish, English
Name of a state in the United States, and two states in Mexico. California was once believed to be an island, and was named after the fictional island, California
, in Garci Ordóñez de Montalvo's novel 'Las Sergas de Esplandián'... [more]
From the name of a town in ancient Italy, of uncertain origin. It was mentioned only by the Roman historian Livy, and may correspond to the village Calvisi, at the foot of the Monte Matese.
From an Anglicization of the French Cambodge
, which comes from Khmer កម្ពុជា (Kampuchea)
, in turn derived from Sanskrit कम्बोजदेश (Kambujadeśa)
, composed of देश (deśá)
"province, country, kingdom" and कम्बोज (kāmboja)
which refers to the foundation myths of the first ancient Khmer kingdom and the Kamboja tribe of Iron Age India... [more]
The name of the Country in Central Africa. Cameroon, on the Gulf of Guinea, is a Central African country of varied terrain and wildlife. Its inland capital, Yaoundé, and its biggest city, the seaport Douala, are transit points to ecotourism sites as well as beach resorts like Kribi – near the Chutes de la Lobé waterfalls, which plunge directly into the sea – and Limbe, where the Limbe Wildlife Centre houses rescued primates.
The name of the Region. The Caribbean is a region that consists of the Caribbean Sea, its islands and the surrounding coasts. The region is southeast of the Gulf of Mexico and the North American mainland, east of Central America, and north of South America.
A village in Yorkshire, England. The second element is Old Norse -byr
, 'farm'. The first element is possibly the Old Gaelic personal name Cairpre
. This seems to indicate a farm of an Irish or Scottish Viking, who settled in England... [more]
Means "white house", from Portuguese casa
meaning "house" and branca
meaning "white". The present-day spelling follows the Spanish form (casa
"white"), however, because of the Portuguese Kingdom joining the Spanish Kingdom... [more]
CAUCASUS(Region & Mountain)English
English form of the Greek Καύκασος (Kaúkasos)
of unknown meaning, perhaps derived from Scythian *χrohu-käsi
meaning "ice-shining" or "white with snow", of Greek origin meaning "seagull's mountain", or from a compound word meaning "high mountain"... [more]
Previous name of the country Sri Lanka. The name Ceylon most likely traces its roots back to the Sanskrit Sinha
, meaning "lion". As lions are not native to Sri Lanka, another possible interpretation of the name is "lion-like man" or "hero".
Name of a city in North Carolina
, named in honor of Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, who had become the Queen of Great Britain just seven years before the town's incorporation.
CHECHNYA(Political Subdivision)Russian, English
Derived from Russian Чечня (Chechnya)
, which is possibly from Kabardian shashan
with an unknown meaning. The term "Chechen" was first seen in Arabic texts in the 8th century. Chechnya (known as the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria during the Chechen secession from Russia in the 1990s) is a Russian republic located in the Caucasus
The name of a mountain and the surrounding mountains on the Anglo-Scottish border. The name is thought to be Celtic and to derive from Brythonic *ceμ-, *cejn
'ridge, spine' (Welsh chefn
, 'back, ridge'), and -ed
, which might have meant 'having the quality of-'.
Name of a city in Illinois
, from town founded in 1833, named from a Canadian French form of Algonquian sheka:ko:heki
"place of the wild onion," or Ojibwa shika:konk
"at the skunk place".
CHUKOTKA(Political Subdivision)Russian, English
Derived from the Russian name Чукчи (Chukchi)
, referring to the native people who originally inhabited the area. The word Chukchi
is derived from Chukchi Chauchu
meaning "rich in reindeer", used by the Reindeer Chukchi people to distinguish themselves from the Maritime Chukchi (the Anqallyt
meaning "sea people")... [more]
Derived from the name Chuvash
, referring to the indigenous Turkic ethnic group originally inhabiting the area. The etymology of the name Chuvash
is disputed; there are three main theories of its origin... [more]
Derived from a a Latinization of the name Cherkess
(spelled as Çerkes
in modern Turkish), which is the Turkic name for the Adyghe people, the indigenous people that inhabited the area... [more]
The name of an ancient village in Ireland, where the tradition of the Claddagh ring developed.
COLORADO(Political Subdivision)English (American)
Name of a state in the United States, named after the Colorado river, from Spanish colo
+ "colored" rado
CONNECTICUT(Political Subdivision)English (American)
Name of a state in the United States, from the name of the Connecticut river, from Algonquian quinnitukqut
"at the long tidal river," from kwen
"long" + ehtekw
"tidal river" + enk
A river in Northumberland, England. Its name originates from words of a local Brythonic-Celtic language, equivalent to the Welsh coched
, meaning 'red, brown'.
Mediterranean island where Napoleon Bonaparte was born.
CRIMEA(Political Subdivision & Region)English
Derived from Crimean Tatar Qırım
(today known as Stary Krym), the old name for the city that served as the capital of the province during the Golden Horde. The meaning of "Qırım" is uncertain, though it is either of Greek or Turkic origin... [more]
From the Taíno language. The exact meaning of the name is unclear but it may be translated either as 'where fertile land is abundant' (cubao)
, or 'great place' (coabana)
. Authors who believe that Christopher Columbus was Portuguese state that Cuba was named by Columbus for the town of Cuba in the district of Beja in Portugal
A historical English county, covering the Northern half of modern-day Cumbria. It derives from the Brythonic combrogi
, meaning 'fellow-countrymen'.
The name of the Country in the Middle East. The Republic of Cyprus occupies the southern part of the island of Cyprus in the eastern Mediterranean. The island (and capital city Nicosia) is divided with Turkey to the north... [more]
DAGESTAN(Political Subdivision)English, Russian
Combination of Turkic dağ
meaning "mountain" and the Persian suffix ـستان (-stān)
meaning "land, place of". Dagestan is a federal subject in southern Russia
situated in the Caucasus
The name of the Kingdom. Dahomey Kingdom was an African kingdom that existed from about 1600 until 1894, when the last king, Behanzin, was defeated by the French, and the country was annexed into the French colonial empire.
Name of a city in Texas
, possibly named in honor of American Vice President George Mifflin Dallas. Dallas is a surname which was originally taken from a Scottish place name meaning "meadow dwelling".
Name of a state in the United States, named after the Delaware river, which was named after Lord De La Warr, from French de la guerre
or de la werre
literally "of the war".
Name of the capital and the most populous city in Iowa
, which derived from Fort Des Moines, which was named for the Des Moines River. The French des Moines
translates to either "from the monks" or "of the monks".
The name of the Country in East Africa. Djibouti, on the Horn of Africa, is a mostly French- and Arabic-speaking country of dry shrublands, volcanic formations and Gulf of Aden beaches. It's home to one of the saltiest bodies of water in the world, the low-lying Lake Assal, in the Danakil Desert... [more]
A town in England located on the River Don. The first element is from the Roman fort Danum
, likely from an earlier Celtic settlement relating to the River Don. The second element is the Old English ceaster
, 'fort' (c.f Modern English castle
Dover is a small, but important port town in Kent, Southern England. It is derived from the Brythonic Dubrās
, meaning 'water' (Modern Welsh ddwfr
, 'water, tears').... [more]
From Irish dubh
"black" "dark" referring to a dark tidal pool where the River Poddle entered the Liffey on the site of the Castle Gardens at the rear of Dublin Castle.
DURHAM(Settlement & Region)English, Anglo-Norman
A cathedral city in the North-East of England. The name is derived from the city's Latin name Dunelm
, which comprises of the Celtic element dun
, 'fortress' (c.f Welsh dinas
, 'city') and the Old Norse holme
, which meant an island (referring to the peninsular formed by the River Wear).
Derived from Persian دوشنبه
meaning "Monday". Dushanbe is the capital city of the Central Asian nation of Tajikistan. It was formerly called Dyushambe
during Russian rule.
The name of the Country in South America. Ecuador is a country straddling the equator on South America’s west coast. Its diverse landscape encompasses Amazon jungle, Andean highlands and the wildlife-rich Galápagos Islands... [more]
The name of a river in Cumbria, England. It derives from the Brythonic *ituna
, 'to gush forth'.
The name of the Country. Egypt, a country linking northeast Africa with the Middle East, dates to the time of the pharaohs. Millennia-old monuments sit along the fertile Nile River Valley, including Giza's colossal Pyramids and Great Sphinx as well as Luxor's hieroglyph-lined Karnak Temple and Valley of the Kings tombs... [more]
A county in South-Eastern England. The name means 'East Saxons'. The Saxons were a Germanic tribe which settled in Britain in the 5th century A.D.
ESTONIA(Country)Aragonese, Asturian, Basque, Breton, English, Galician, Ilocano, Indonesian, Italian, Luo, Polish, Romanian, Spanish, Swahili
Cognate of Eesti
Meaning uncertain. It could be derived from Greek εὐρύς (eurus)
meaning "wide" or "broad" and ὤψ, ὠπ-, ὀπτ-(ōps, ōp-, opt-)
meaning "eye", "face", or "countenance". It could also be from Akkadian erebu
meaning "to go down" or "set"... [more]
English form of Føroyar
. The name is probably derived from Old Norse fær
"sheep". The Faroe Islands are an autonomous country within the Danish kingdom.
A town in Northumberland, England. From Old English feðere
"stone", and healh
FLORIDA(Political Subdivision)English (American)
Name of a state in the United States, formerly a Spanish colony, from Spanish Pascua florida
, literally "flowering Easter", a Spanish name for Palm Sunday, because the peninsula was discovered on that day (March 20, 1513) by the expedition of Spanish explorer Ponce de León.
French Guiana is an overseas region of France on the northeast coast of South America, composed mainly of tropical rainforest. The ruins of 17th-century Fort Cépérou overlook the capital, Cayenne, with its colorful Creole houses and street markets... [more]
The name of the Country in Central Africa. Gabon, a country along the Atlantic coast of Central Africa, has significant areas of protected parkland. The forested coastal terrain of its famed Loango National Park shelters a diversity of wildlife, from gorillas and hippos to whales... [more]
The name of the Country in West Africa. The Gambia is a small West African country, bounded by Senegal, with a narrow Atlantic coastline. It's known for its diverse ecosystems around the central Gambia River... [more]
A town in Northeast England. It most likely means 'goat's headland', implying that wild goats were a part of the local fauna.
Name of a state in the United States, named after King George II of Great Britain.
Possibly from Persian gurğ, gurğān
meaning "wolf" or Gorgan
meaning "land of the wolves". Georgia is a country in Europe right below the Caucasus region of Russia. Not to be confused with the American state "Georgia".
The name of the Country in West Africa. Ghana, a nation on West Africa’s Gulf of Guinea, is known for diverse wildlife, old forts and secluded beaches, such as at Busua. Coastal towns Elmina and Cape Coast contain posubans (native shrines), colonial buildings and castles-turned-museums that serve as testimonials to the slave trade... [more]
This name is derived from towns scattered around Europe. There are French towns named Glaston, and it also is similar to the famous town Glastonbury Tor, the predicted location of the Holy Grail.
Named for the suburb in Lake Macquarie, north of Sydney, Australia. The name is Scottish
in origin and is taken from two words which both mean "valley".
GOTHAM(Settlement)Popular Culture, English
Gotham, or Gotham City, is a fictional city and the home of Batman
in the comic books published by DC Comics. Outside of the comics, Gotham is a nickname for New York
City first used in 1807 by writer Washington Irving in his work "Salmagundi"... [more]
GROZNY(Settlement)Chechen, Russian, English
Derived from Russian грозный (grozniy)
meaning "fearsome" or "formidable". It is informally referred as Соьлжа–Гӏала (Solzha Ghala)
, "the city on the Sunzha
River", by the local Chechen people... [more]
The name of the Territory. Guam is a U.S. island territory in Micronesia, in the Western Pacific. It's distinguished by tropical beaches, Chamorro villages and ancient latte-stone pillars. Guam’s WWII significance is on view at the War in the Pacific National Historical Park, whose sites include Asan Beach, a former battlefield... [more]
The name of the Country in Central America. Guatemala, a Central American country south of Mexico, is home to volcanoes, rainforests and ancient Mayan sites. The capital, Guatemala City, features the stately National Palace of Culture and the National Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology... [more]
The name of the Country in South America. Guyana, a country on South America’s North Atlantic coast, is defined by its dense rainforest. English-speaking, with cricket and calypso music, it's culturally connected to the Caribbean region... [more]
A district of London
. It possibly derives from Old English Haka’s ey
, meaning 'Haka's Island'.
The name of the Country in the Caribbean. Haiti is a Caribbean country that shares the island of Hispaniola with the Dominican Republic to its east. Though it’s still recovering from a 2010 earthquake, many of Haiti's landmarks dating to the early 19th century remain intact... [more]
Name of numerous places in England, foremost a large county in South England, from the name Hampton
+ Old English scir
Name of numerous places in England, from Anglo-Saxon ham
"homestead " or hamm
"water meadow" + tun
Name of a state in the United States, of uncertain origin. Theories from Proto-Polynesian hawaiki
which possibly means place of the gods" or from Proto-Polynesian sawaiki
"homeland", or possibly named for Hawaiʻiloa, legendary discoverer of the Hawaiian islands.
A small market town in Northern England. It's name derives from the Old English Helm
, a personal name and leah
, which means 'clearing, field'.
The name of a region in The Netherlands which started as a county in medieval times, later (during the Renaissance) became a province in the Dutch Republic and which is nowadays divided into the two provinces Noord-Holland ("North Holland") and Zuid-Holland ("South Holland")... [more]
Houston is the name of several cities in the United States. Houston, Texas is the fourth largest city in the US. It was named after general Sam Houston (1793-1863) (see HOUSTON
IDAHO(Political Subdivision)English (American)
Name of a state in the United States, of uncertain origin, possibly from Shoshone term ee-da-how
, meaning "gem of the mountains" or "the sun comes from the mountains".
ILLINOIS(Political Subdivision)English (American)
Name of a state in the United States, from the modern French spelling of the Algonquian people who called themselves Inoca
Derived from Angusht
, which is the name of an ancient village. The Ingush people call themselves the Гӏалгӏай (Ghalghai)
, a combination of the Ingush words ghala
meaning "fortress, town" and ghai
meaning "inhabitants, citizens"... [more]
IOWA(Political Subdivision)English (American)
Name of a state in the United States, possibly from Dakota ayuxba
The name of the Country in the Middle East. Iraq, officially known as the Republic of Iraq is a country in Western Asia, bordered by Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the southwest, and Syria to the west.
Means "city of Islam", a combination of اسلام (Islām)
referring to the monotheistic religion and the Persian آباد (ābād)
"city, building, habitation". This is the name of the capital city of Pakistan
Misinterpretation of a Greek phrase "εἰς τὴν Πόλιν" (eis tín pólin)
meaning "to the city". It was formerly called Constantinople
. Istanbul is the capital city of Turkey.
Derived from the Old Javanese word jayakarta
meaning "victorious deed", "complete act", or "complete victory". It ultimately comes from Sanskrit, and had several different names such as Sunda Kelapa
, and Djakarta
From the Arawaks originally called the island "Xymaica". It means "land of wood and water". Before the spaniards changed the name into Jamaica.
Jerusalem is the capital of Israel and has been a centerpoint for Judaism, Islam and Christianity for thousands of years. The name means city of peace or abode of peace.
JOHOR BAHRU(Settlement)Malay, Malaysian, English
Combination of Malay جوهر (johor)
meaning "precious stone, gem, gemstone", ultimately from Persian گوهر (gowhar)
"jewel, gem, essence" and بهارو (baharu)
meaning "new"... [more]
Kabardino-Balkaria is a republic of Russia located in the North Caucasus region.
Derived from the name Kalmyk
, denoting the native people who originally inhabited the area. The Mongolian name, Халимаг (Khalimag)
, means "the people moving away"; ultimately from Mongolian халих (khalikh)
meaning "overflow, leakage, seepage, overpour", referring to how the Kalmyk people were originally Mongolians who "leaked away" from their ancestral homeland... [more]
KANSAS(Political Subdivision)English (American)
Name of a state in the United States, named after Kanas river, from French variant of Kansa
, native name of the Siouan people who lived there.
Derived from qara
meaning "black" and qalpaq
meaning "hat". Karakalpakstan is an autonomous region in present-day Uzbekistan.
Combination of Finnish karja
meaning "livestock" and the suffix -la
denoting place names. The Republic of Karelia is a federal subject in northern Russia, bordering Finland
Named after the Kasthamandap Temple in Kathmandu, which is derived from Sanskrit काष्ठ (Kāṣṭha)
meaning "wood" and मण्डप (Maṇḍap)
meaning "covered shelter"; literally means "wood-covered shelter"... [more]
KAZAN(Settlement)Tatar, Russian, English
Meaning disputed, although some sources say that the name of the city is derived from the Volga Bulgar and Tatar word qazan
meaning "boiler" or "cauldron". Other sources say that it comes from the name of the Kazanka River or that it was named after the cauldron-shaped hill the city sits atop of... [more]
KENT(Region)English, Ancient Celtic
A county in South-East England. Derived from Ancient Celtic Cantus
, 'border, rim', cognate with Welsh cant
KENTUCKY(Political Subdivision)English (American)
Name of a state in the United States, originally the name of a river, which possibly derived from the Iroquoian word wyandot
, meaning meadow
Derived from the name Khakas
, referring to the native Khakas people (a Turkic ethnic group) who originally inhabited the area. The etymological origin of the name Khakas
is unknown. Khakassia is a federal subject of Russia, located near the border between Russia
A river and reservoir in Northern England. It's name could come from Celtic words cognate with Welsh clou
, 'fast' and dwr
KIEV(Settlement)Ukrainian, Russian, Bulgarian, German, English
The name Kiev comes from a medieval legend about the founding of the city told by a Chronicler of Rus-Ukraine. It was three brothers, Kie, Shchek and Khoriv, and their sister Lebid, who were the founders.
KOMI(Political Subdivision)English, Russian, Komi
Derived directly from the name Коми (Komi)
, referring to the native people of the region. The word Komi
is a self-designation of the ethnic group, derived from a Finno-Ugric word for "man, human"... [more]
KUALA LUMPUR(Settlement)Malaysian, Malay, English
Means "muddy confluence" in Malay; a combination of کوالا (kuala)
meaning "confluence (referring to a point where two rivers or streams meet)" and لومڤور (lumpur)
meaning "mud"... [more]
The name of the Country in the Middle East. Kuwait, an Arab country on the Persian (Arabian) Gulf, has cultural heritage dating back to antiquity. Kuwait City, the capital, is known for its modern architecture, ranging from skyscrapers to the striking Kuwait Towers, water towers whose design recalls the tiled domes of a classic mosque... [more]
From Japanese 京 (kyo) meaning "capital" and 都 (to) meaning "city." Kyoto, Japan is known for it's beautiful shrines.
Means "land of the Kyrgyz"; a combination of Kyrgyz
—which itself is a mostly thought to be a combination of Old Turkish kırk
"forty" and uz
"tribes"—and the Persian suffix ستان (-stān)
"land, place of", "country"... [more]
Derived from Arabic العيون (al-'ayūn)
meaning "the (water) springs". Laayoune is the largest city in the disputed region of Western Sahara
A tiny hamlet in Northumberland, near the border with Cumbria. Despite this location's small size, several theories have emerged relating to the etymology of this unique name, which was first recorded in c.1290 as Lythel Lampard.... [more]
The English usage is a place name originally derived from the town of Lancing in West Sussex (and which has also given names to other towns such as Lansing, Michigan and Lansing, New York). ''Lancing'' comes from the Old English personal name ''Wlanc'', meaning ''proud, imperious'', with the added suffix ''-ing'', indicating ''family of or follower of''.
From a word coined by the French when they united the three kingdoms of Laos into the French Indochina, a group of federal colonial territories in Southeast Asia. They pluralized the word ລາວ (Lāo)
, which refers to the dominant ethnic group the region... [more]
From the name of Mount Lebanon, which is ultimately from the Phoenician and Semitic root lbn
meaning "white", most likely referring to the snow on the mountains. This is the name of a republic in West Asia and the Middle East and a mountain range.
The name of the Country in Southern Africa. Lesotho, a high-altitude, landlocked kingdom encircled by South Africa, is crisscrossed by a network of rivers and mountain ranges including the 3,482m-high peak of Thabana Ntlenyana... [more]
The name of the Country in West Africa. Liberia is a country in West Africa, bordering Sierra Leone, Guinea and Côte d'Ivoire. On the Atlantic coast, the capital city of Monrovia is home to the Liberia National Museum, with its exhibits on national culture and history... [more]
Derived from Arabic ليبيا (Līb(i)yā)
, denoting Africa
or northwest Africa; ultimately from ancient Greek Λιβύη (Libúē)
. Libya is an African nation in the Maghreb
This is the name of several places located in England, United States and South Africa.... [more]
This is the name of a hamlet, located in Shropshire in England.... [more]
A port city in western England on the mouth of the River Mersey. Uncertain origin. Possibly derived from Cumbric words equivalent to the Welsh leidiau
, meaning 'mud' and pwll
, meaning 'pool', or else the Old English formation *Liferpōl
, 'thick, muddy pool'.
LJUBLJANA(Settlement)Slovene, Croatian, English
The origin of the city's name is unclear. In the Middle Ages, both the river and the town were also known by the German name Laibach. This name was in official use as an endonym until 1918, and it remains frequent as a German exonym, both in common speech and official use... [more]
The name of the Country in Europe. Luxembourg is a small European country, surrounded by Belgium, France and Germany. It’s mostly rural, with dense Ardennes forest and nature parks in the north, rocky gorges of the Mullerthal region in the east and the Moselle river valley in the southeast... [more]
The name of a river in Devon, England, perhaps derived from a Celtic source such as Lludd
, though the usual derivation is Old English hlȳde
"noisy stream" - which the Saxons may have assumed was the river's name.
This is a village in the Forest of Dean, Old English for "dwell by the river"
Derived from Greek Μακεδονία (Makedonía)
, which is the name of a kingdom (and region) named after the Ancient Macedonian people. In turn, their name is derived from ancient Greek μακεδνός (makednós)
meaning "tall, taper"... [more]
MADRID(Settlement)Spanish, Croatian, English, Catalan, Czech, Danish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Portuguese, Swedish, Tatar, Turkish
Newer form of Magerit
. The etymology is uncertain, but it could be derived from Arabic المجريط (al-Magrīt
) "source of water". This is the name of the capital of Spain.
MAINE(Political Subdivision)English (American)
Name of a state in the United States, possibly from French Maine
, a region in France (named for the river that runs through it, which has a name of Gaulish origin).
Combination of Makhach
, the nickname of Dagestani revolter Magomed-Ali Dakhadaev and Kumyk къала (qala)
meaning "fortress". In the Kumyk language, it is referred to as Анжикъала (Anzhiqala)
meaning "pearl fortress" (анжи (anzhi)
"pearl", къала (qala)
The name of the Country in East Africa. Malawi, a landlocked country in southeastern Africa, is defined by its topography of highlands split by the Great Rift Valley and enormous Lake Malawi. The lake’s southern end falls within Lake Malawi National Park – sheltering diverse wildlife from colorful fish to baboons – and its clear waters are popular for diving and boating... [more]
MALAYSIA(Country)Malay, Malaysian, English
Combination of Malay Malay
and the Ancient Greek suffix -ία (-ía)
. The word Malay
is derived from melayu
, which in turn is possibly derived from Tamil மலை (malai)
(from Sanskrit मलै (malai)
) meaning "mountain, hill" and Sanskrit उर् (ur)
"town, city, land"... [more]
MALTA(Country)English, Basque, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, Galician, German, Italian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Turkmen, West Frisian
Malta, officially known as the Republic of Malta, is a Southern European island country consisting of an archipelago in the Mediterranean Sea.... [more]
A large city in North-West England. Manchester is an Anglicization of the town's Latin name Mancunium
. This was likely derived from an earlier name in a language similar to Welsh. It may have derived from words equivalent to Welsh mamau
, meaning 'mother', in reference to a local river goddess... [more]
Name of a province in Canada
, from Cree manitou-wapow
or Ojibwa manidoobaa
, both meaning "straits of Manitou, the Great Spirit",
Originating from the name of a market town in Wiltshire. Legend has it that the Mound is the burial site of Merlin and that the name of the town, Marlborough comes from Merlin's Barrow.... [more]
MARMARA(Body of Water)English (Modern, Rare)
Place name; the Sea of Marmara is the inland sea that connects the Black Sea to the Aegean Sea in Turkey.
MARYLAND(Political Subdivision)English (American)
Name of a state in the United States, named after Queen Henrietta Maria, wife of King Charles I of England.
MASSACHUSETTS(Political Subdivision)English (American)
Name of a state in the United States, named for the Algonquian native people who lived around the bay, from Algonquian massachusett
"at the large hill," in reference to Great Blue Hill, southwest of Boston.
Derived from Latin Maurītānia
, itself from Maurus
meaning "Moor" (referring to the Moors, a group of Muslims who historically inhabited the Maghreb
in Northern Africa), ultimately from Greek μαυρός (maurós)
meaning "dark"... [more]
Means "the valley of apple trees" in Adyghe. Maykop is the capital city of the Russian Republic of Adygea located in the Caucasus.
Possibly from Phoenician maqaq
meaning "ruined" or Arabic mahrab
meaning "sanctuary". The official name of the city is مكة المكرمة (Makkah al-Mukarramah / Makkatu l-Mukarramah)
meaning "Mecca the Honored" or "The Holy City of Mecca"... [more]
Meaning uncertain. According to the diary of a Portuguese merchant, the name is derived from Tamil மைதானம் (Maidhāṉam)
meaning "ground" (or Hindi मैदान (Maidan)
), adopted from Malay... [more]
Name of a city in Florida
. The name was first mentioned by Hernando de Escalante Fontaneda, a captive of Indians in southern Florida for 17 years, when he referred to what is now Lake Okeechobee as the "Lake of Mayaimi, which is called Mayaimi because it is very large"... [more]
MICHIGAN(Political Subdivision)English (American)
Name of a state in the United States, originally applied to lake Michigan, perhaps from Old Ojibwa (Algonquian) meshi-gami
MINNESOTA(Political Subdivision)English (American)
Name of a state in the United States, originally the name of a river, from Dakota (Siouan) mnisota
, literally "cloudy water", "milky water", from mni
"river, stream" + sota
Name of a suburban city in Hennepin County, Minnesota
, means "great water" from Dakota mni
"river, stream" and tanka
MISSISSIPPI(Political Subdivision)English (American)
Name of a state in the United States, originally the name of a river, from Ojibwe misi-ziibi "Great river".
This is the name of a sovereign city-state and microstate bordering France on three sides and the Mediterranean Sea on one side.... [more]
The name of the country, located in east-central Asia, is derived from 'Mongol' (as in the Mongol Empire) which is said to originate from Mongolian mong/монг
Name of a city in Canada
, from French le mont Royal
"mont royal". Jacques Cartier named it after the nearby mountain, but it is uncertain how royal
. A common explanation is that real is the Middle French form of Royal, but Cartier himself recorded le mont Royal
when he named it.
Refers to the Mordvins
, the native ethnic group inhabiting the area. The name Mordvin
itself is a self designation adopted by the people, believed to be derived frm Scythian mard
meaning "man"... [more]
Transliteration of Russian Москва (Moskva)
meaning "the city by the Moskva River".
The name of the Country in East Africa. Mozambique is a southern African nation whose long Indian Ocean coastline is dotted with popular beaches like Tofo, as well as offshore marine parks. In the Quirimbas Archipelago, a 250km stretch of coral islands, mangrove-covered Ibo Island has colonial-era ruins surviving from a period of Portuguese rule... [more]
Combination of Russian нагорный (nagorniy)
"highland" and Karabakh
, derived from Turkish kara
"black" and Persian باغ (bāgh)
"garden". Nagorno-Karabakh is a disputed region in the Caucasus
and internationally recognized as a part of Azerbaijan
The name of the Country in Southern Africa. Namibia, a country in southwest Africa, is distinguished by the Namib Desert along its Atlantic Ocean coast. The country is home to diverse wildlife, including a significant cheetah population... [more]
Derived from Russian нефть (neft')
meaning "oil, petroleum" and the name of the Kama River
. Neftekamsk is a city in Russia and the Republic of Bashkortostan.
A river in the North Pennines. Its name is derived from Cumbric nent
, meaning 'stream'. It is a tributary of the Tyne
The name of the Country in Europe. The Netherlands, a country in northwestern Europe, is known for a flat landscape of canals, tulip fields, windmills and cycling routes. Amsterdam, the capital, is home to the Rijksmuseum, Van Gogh Museum and the house where Jewish diarist Anne Frank hid during WWII... [more]
NEVADA(Political Subdivision)English (American)
Name of a state in the United States, from Spanish Sierra Nevada
A city in North-East England. It simply denoted the site of a New Castle, as this is where a castle was erected by William the Conquer in 1080.... [more]
From 1907 to 1949, Newfoundland existed as the self-governing Dominion of Newfoundland. In 1949, Newfoundland joined Canada as a province.
The name of the Island. New Guinea is a large Island in the South West Pacific region. It is the world's second-largest island, after Greenland, covering a land area of 785,753 km², and the largest wholly or partly within the Southern Hemisphere.
NEW JERSEY(Political Subdivision)English
Name of a state in the United States, named after the largest of British channel islands Jersey.
NEW YORK(Political Subdivision)English
Name of a state in the United States, also the name of a city in that state, named after the then Duke of York
, later King James II of England.
The name of the Country in Central America. Nicaragua, set between the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, is a Central American nation known for its dramatic terrain of lakes, volcanoes and beaches... [more]
A neighborhood in the borough of Manhattan in New York City. Derived from "NOrth of Little ITAly"123
. Nolita is bounded on the north by Houston Street, on the east by the Bowery, on the south roughly by Broome Street, and on the west by Lafayette Street... [more]
NORTH DAKOTA(Political Subdivision)English (American)
Name of a state in the United States, also the name of indigenous people of the Great Plains, from the Dakota word dakhóta
From the much larger Anglo-Saxon Kingdom of Northumbria, meaning 'land north of the Humber'.
Derived from Berber Nawākšūṭ
meaning "place of the winds". Nouakchott is the capital and largest city of Mauritania
This is name of places in the United States and Canada (including the one in California).... [more]
A geographic region in the southern hemisphere consisting of several nations, including Australia
and New Zealand
. The name is ultimately derived from Greek ὠκεανός (ōkeanós
OHIO(Political Subdivision)English (American)
Name of a state in the United States, originally used of the river, from Seneca ohi:yo
OKLAHOMA(Political Subdivision)English (American)
Name of a state in the United States, from Choctaw okla
"people" "tribe" "nation" + homma
The name of the Country in the Middle East. Oman, a nation on the Arabian Peninsula, has terrain encompassing desert, riverbed oases and long coastlines on the Persian (Arabian) Gulf, Arabian Sea and Gulf of Oman... [more]
Derived from Berber hr
meaning "lion", believed to be bestowed to the city when lions were spotted in 900 BC. Oran is a port city in northwest Algeria
and the second largest city after Algiers
OREGON(Political Subdivision)English (American)
Name of a state in the United States, from the name of a large river in the west of North America, possibly from Algonquin wauregan
Name of a city in Florida
, named in honor of Orlando Reeves who died in 1835 during a supposed attack by Seminoles in the Second Seminole War.
PANAMA(Country)English, Croatian, Czech, Dutch, Finnish, German, Irish, Italian, Latin, Norwegian, Polish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
The name of the Country in Central America. Panama is a country on the isthmus linking Central and South America. The Panama Canal, a famous feat of human engineering, cuts through its center, linking the Atlantic and Pacific oceans to create an essential shipping route... [more]
The name of the Country in South America. Paraguay is a landlocked country between Argentina, Brazil and Bolivia, home to large swaths of swampland, subtropical forest and chaco, wildernesses comprising savanna and scrubland... [more]
Name of a city in California
, from Ojibwe pa-sa-de-na
, meaning "valley of the valley" "crown of the valley" "key of the valley" or "hill of the valley". Although the Ojibwe had no ties to Southern California, Dr... [more]
PAVLODAR(Settlement)Kazakh, Russian, English
Derived from the name of Pavel Alexandrovich, a former Grand Duke of Russia. The city was originally named Koryakovsky
before Pavel's birth. Pavlodar is a northeastern city in Kazakhstan.
This is the name of 3 places, two being in America and one being in Canada.... [more]
A suburb of London, England. Originally named Penceat, it appears to derive from Brythonic *penno
, 'head, edge' and *ceid
, 'forest, wood', so likely meant 'settlement on the forest's edge'.
PENNSYLVANIA(Political Subdivision)English (American)
Name of a state in the United States, literally "Penn's woods". Penn
comes from Pennaeth
, the welsh word for "head" "top" and Latin silvania
(from Latin silvia
) "wood, forrest".
A town in Northern England. Its name derives from the Cumbric pen
, 'hill, top, summit' (Welsh pen
) and rith
, 'ford, crossing', (Welsh ryd
A village in Northern England. The first element seems to be Cumbric pen
, which means 'summit, head'. The most obvious explanation for the second is Old English sceaga
, meaning 'woods'... [more]
PEN-Y-GHENT(Mountain)English, Ancient Celtic
A mountain in Yorkshire, Northern England. In the Cumbric Language, the element pen
, exactly as in Welsh, meant 'head, top, summit', and y
, also as in Welsh, meant the definite article 'the'... [more]
PERU(Country)English, Croatian, Czech, Dutch, Finnish, German, Latvian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Swedish, Turkmen, Uzbek
Peru, officially the Republic of Peru, is a country in western South America.... [more]
This is the name of 2 cities, one in Cambridgeshire (UK) and Ontario (Canada), and 3 towns, one in New Hampshire (US), Victoria & South Australia (Australia).... [more]
PHNOM PENH(Settlement)Khmer, English
Means "Penh's hill" in Khmer, a combination of ភ្នំ (pnum)
"hill, mountain" and ពេញ (bpeuñ)
meaning "full", but referring to Lady Penh, a wealthy woman in Cambodian legend who built a new temple for the Buddha after a flood (today believed to be the temple of Wat Phnom)... [more]
"Plovdiv" is the British English form of the city's original Greek name: Philippopolis
, which means "the city of Phillip". It is also the Bulgarian evolution of one of the city's names: Pulpudeva