French Submitted Place Names

French names are used in France and other French-speaking regions. See also about French names.
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Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
ABONDANCE (Political Subdivision) French
ACADIE (Region) French
French form of Acadia.
ACARNANIE (Region) French
French form of Acarnania.
ACEH (Region) Indonesian, Buginese, Malay, Minangkabau, Danish, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Icelandic, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
Meaning uncertain. A popular backronym states that it is derived from Indonesian Arab, Cina, Eropa, Hindia meaning "Arab, China, Europe, Indies" referring to the groups and regions that have historically influenced the people of Aceh... [more]
ACHGABAT (Settlement) French
French form of ASHGABAT.
AÇORES (Political Subdivision & Region) Portuguese, Catalan, French
Portuguese form of AZORES, which has been adopted into Catalan and French.
ADYGUÉE (Political Subdivision) French
French form of ADYGEA.
AFRIQUE (Region) French
French form of AFRICA.
ALMATY (Settlement) Kazakh, Russian, English, Belarusian, French, German, Italian, Portuguese
Meaning uncertain, possibly from Kazakh алма (alma) meaning "apple". This is the name of the largest city in Kazakhstan.
ALPES (Mountain) French, Spanish, Portuguese
French, Spanish and Portuguese form of Alps.
AMBRACIE (Settlement) French
French form of Ambracia.
ANATOLIE (Region) Czech, French
Czech and French form of ANATOLIA.
ANCRE (River) French
This is the name of a river in Picardy, France.
ANDELLE (River) French
The name of a river in Normandy, France.
ANDORRE (Country) French
French form of ANDORRA.
ANJOU (Other) English, French
From the name of the former county/duchy/province centered around the city of Angers in the Loire Valley of western France, which is in the present-day département of Maine-et-Loire. It was the cradle of the House of Plantagenet who ruled England from the twelfth century, of whom the current royal family are descendants... [more]
AQUITAINE (Region) French
French form of AQUITANIA. This is the name of a historical region of France located roughly between the Pyrenees, the Atlantic Ocean, and the Garonne... [more]
ARABIE (Political Subdivision & Region) French
French form of ARABIA.
ARABIE SAOUDITE (Country) French
French form of SAUDI ARABIA.
ARACHOSIE (Region) French
French form of Arachosia.
ARCADIE (Political Subdivision & Region) French
French form of ARCADIA.
ARIE (Region) French
French form of Aria.
ARPITANIE (Region) French
French form of Arpitania.
ARUBA (Political Subdivision & Island) Afrikaans, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Italian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian
An island in the Caribbean Sea that is part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
ASTANA (Settlement) Kazakh, Russian, English, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Dutch, French, German, Greek, Kyrgyz, Polish, Portuguese, Serbian, Ukrainian
Means "capital city" in Kazakh, ultimately from Persian آستانه (âstâne). This was the name of the capital city of Kazakhstan, which is now called Nur-Sultan.
AZERBAÏDJAN (Country) French
French form of AZERBAIJAN.
BACHKIRIE (Political Subdivision) French
French form of BASHKIRIA (see BASHKORTOSTAN).
BAHREÏN (Country) French
French form of BAHRAIN.
BALI (Political Subdivision & Island) Indonesian, Balinese, Acehnese, Javanese, Malay, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Chinese, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Italian, Marathi, Norwegian, Persian, Portuguese, Russian, Serbian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu
From Sanskrit बलि (bali) meaning "offering, tribute". This is the name of an island and province in Indonesia.
BANDAR SERI BEGAWAN (Settlement) Malay, English, Indonesian, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish
From Malay bandar meaning "town", seri meaning "radiance, splendour, glory", and begawan meaning "holy". The name comes from Malay Seri Begawan, a title used by Bruneian Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien III (1914-1986), ultimately derived from Sanskrit श्री भगवान् (śrī bhagvān) meaning "radiance of the gods"... [more]
BANDUNG (Settlement) Indonesian, Acehnese, Balinese, Banjar, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Armenian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Korean, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
From Indonesian bendung or bendungan meaning "dam, dike", used to refer to the area in relation to the nearby Citarum River. Local sources relate the name to the phrase Nga-Bandung-an Banda Indung, which is considered sacred in Sundanese culture... [more]
BANGKOK (Settlement) Thai, Afrikaans, Armenian, Bashkir, Bosnian, Chechen, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hebrew, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Ingush, Italian, Karakalpak, Kazakh, Korean, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Lao, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Ossetian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Tatar, Turkish, Uzbek
From Thai บางกอก (baang-gòk), believed to be derived from บาง (baang) meaning "community, village, settlement" and กอก (gòk) meaning "olive", possibly used in reference to the olive trees that grew around the area... [more]
BANGLADESH (Country) Bengali, Armenian, Basque, Breton, Bulgarian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Hebrew, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Swahili, Swedish
From Bengali বাংলাদেশ (Bangladeś) meaning "land of the Bengalis", a combination of the name of the Bengali people and Sanskrit देश (deśá) meaning "country, kingdom, land, state"... [more]
BASTILLE (Other) French
This is the name of a fortress, formally known as Bastille Saint-Antoine, which played an important role in France's internal conflicts.... [more]
BÉOTIE (Political Subdivision & Region) French
French form of Boeotia.
BISALTIE (Region) French
French form of Bisaltia.
BLEAZ (Settlement) Breton
BONAIRE (Political Subdivision & Island) Afrikaans, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Latvian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
An island in the Caribbean Sea that is a special municipality of the Netherlands.
BOUVILLE (Settlement) French
BRUGES (Settlement) French, English, Italian, Luxembourgish, Portuguese, Romanian
French form of Brugge, which some countries (mostly Romance ones) have adopted as their name for the Belgian city.
BRUNÉI (Country) French
Variant of BRUNEI.
BRUNEI (Country) Malay, Albanian, Basque, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Luxembourgish, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
Probably derived from Borneo, the name of an island, which in turn is most likely from Sanskrit वरुण (váruṇa) meaning "ocean, water". A local legend suggests that the name may be derived from the phrase baru nah meaning "there!" or "that's it!", which was supposedly declared by Muhammad Shah, Brunei's first sultan... [more]
BRUNEÏ (Country) French
Variant of BRUNEI.
BRUXELLES (Settlement) French, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Italian, Romanian
French form of Brussels, which some countries have adopted as their name for the Belgian city.
BUKITTINGGI (Settlement) Indonesian, Minangkabau, Javanese, Malay, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Polish, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Means "tall hill" from Indonesian bukit "hill" and tinggi "high, tall". This is the name of a city in West Sumatra, Indonesia.
BURUNDI (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Breton, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Faroese, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian
The name of the Country in East Africa. Burundi, officially the Republic of Burundi, is a landlocked country in the African Great Lakes region of East Africa, bordered by Rwanda to the north, Tanzania to the east and south, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west.
CALÉDONIE (Region) French
French form of Caledonia.
CALIFORNIE (Political Subdivision) French
French form of CALIFORNIA.
CARAÏBES (Region) French
French form of CARIBBEAN.
CARANTANIE (Country) French
French form of CARANTANIA.
CARNIE (Region) French
French form of Carnia.
CASABLANCA (Settlement) Afrikaans, Bosnian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
Means "white house" in Spanish, from casa meaning "house" and blanca meaning "white". The name originates from a Spanish translation of الدَّار الْبَيْضَاء (ad-Dār al-Bayḍāʾ), the Arabic name for the city, which in turn was derived from a calque of the Portuguese name Casa Branca... [more]
CAUCASE (Region) French
French form of CAUCASUS.
CEBU (Political Subdivision, Settlement & Island) English, Tagalog, Ilocano, Pampangan, Danish, Dutch, French, German, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Swedish
From Old Cebuano sibu or sibo meaning "trade", itself a shortened form of sinibuayng hingpit meaning "place for trading". This is the name of an island, province, and city (Cebu City) in the Philippines.
CHAMPAGNE (Region) French
French region famous for its luxury sparkling wine.... [more]
CHANTILLY (Settlement) French
From the name of a town in France near Paris, ultimately derived from the Gallo-Roman name Cantilius. The city gave its name to a type of delicate lace originally made there.
CHAONIE (Region) French
French form of Chaonia.
CHARDONNAY (Settlement) French
The name of a famous village for the white wine produced here. Means "a place of thistles" from the latin cardonnacum.
CHORASMIE (Region) French
French form of Khwarazm via its Greek and Latin name CHORASMIA.
CISCAUCASIE (Region) French
French form of CISCAUCASIA.
COLMAR (Settlement) French
Alsatian City of Colmar.
CORINTHE (Settlement) French
French form of Corinthus (see Corinth).
CORINTHIE (Political Subdivision & Region) French
French form of Corinthia.
COSTA RICA (Country) Spanish, Afrikaans, Basque, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Swedish
The name of the Country in Central America. Costa Rica is a rugged, rainforested Central American country with coastlines on the Caribbean and Pacific. Though its capital, San Jose, is home to cultural institutions like the Pre-Columbian Gold Museum, Costa Rica is known for its beaches, volcanoes, and biodiversity... [more]
COTABATO (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
From Maguindanao Kutawatu meaning "stone city", from kuta meaning "city, fort" and wato meaning "stone, rock". This is the name of both a province and a city in the southern Philippines.
CÔTE D'IVOIRE (Country) French
A country in Africa. Also called the Ivory Coast.
CRIMÉE (Political Subdivision & Region) French
French form of CRIMEA.
CURAÇAO (Political Subdivision & Island) Afrikaans, Basque, Bosnian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Swedish, Turkish
An island in the Caribbean Sea that is part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
DAGHESTAN (Political Subdivision) French, Italian, Persian, Romanian
French, Italian, Persian, and Romanian form of DAGESTAN.
DARDANIE (Region & Settlement) French
French form of Dardania.
DNIESTR (River) French, Polish
French and Polish form of DNIESTER.
ÉTRURIE (Region) French
French form of Etruria.
EUPHRATE (River) French
French form of EUPHRATES.
EUROPE (Region) English, French
Meaning uncertain. It could be derived from Greek εὐρύς (eurus) meaning "wide" or "broad" and ὤψ, ὠπ-, ὀπτ-(ōps, ōp-, opt-) meaning "eye", "face", or "countenance". It could also be from Akkadian erebu meaning "to go down" or "set"... [more]
GABON (Country) Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Turkish
Derived from Portuguese gabão meaning "cloak, overcoat", used to refer to the shape of the estuary of the Komo River by Libreville. This is the name of a country in Central Africa along the Atlantic coast.
GALILÉE (Region) French
French form of GALILEE.
GÉDROSIE (Region) French
French form of Gedrosia.
GENÈVE (Settlement) French
French form of GENEVA.
GRAN CANARIA (Island) Spanish, English, Esperanto, Dutch, Welsh, Breton, Asturian, Aragonese, German, Estonian, Faroese, Galician, Croatian, Italian, Hungarian, Norwegian, Serbo-Croatian, Finnish, Swedish, Turkish, Icelandic, Czech, Polish, Romanian, Scots, Slovene
From Spanish gran "grande, great" and Canaria referring to the CANARY ISLANDS. Gran Canaria is the third largest and second most populous island of the Canary Islands.
GROENLAND (Political Subdivision) Dutch, French, Afrikaans
Dutch, French and Afrikaans form of GREENLAND.
GROZNY (Settlement) Russian, English, Dutch, French
Means "formidable, menacing, fearsome" in Russian. This is the name of the capital city of Chechnya, a republic in southern Russia.
GUAM (Political Subdivision & Island) Afrikaans, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
The name of the Territory. Guam is a U.S. island territory in Micronesia, in the Western Pacific. It's distinguished by tropical beaches, Chamorro villages and ancient latte-stone pillars. Guam’s WWII significance is on view at the War in the Pacific National Historical Park, whose sites include Asan Beach, a former battlefield... [more]
HAÏTI (Country & Island) French, Dutch, Afrikaans
French, Dutch and Afrikaans form of HAITI.
HAWAÏ (Political Subdivision & Island) Dutch, French
Dutch and French form of HAWAII.
HYRCANIE (Region) French
French form of Hyrcania.
INDONÉSIE (Country) French, Czech
French and Czech form of INDONESIA.
INDONEZIA (Country) Abkhaz, Albanian, Armenian, Breton, Georgian, Romanian
Abkhaz, Albanian, Armenian, Breton, Georgian, and Romanian form of INDONESIA.
INGOUCHIE (Political Subdivision) French
French form of INGUSHETIA.
ISÈRE (Other) French
The name of a region as well as a river in France.
ISLANDE (Country & Island) French, Latvian
French and Latvian form of ICELAND.
ISRAËL (Country) Dutch, French
Dutch and French form of ISRAEL.
ISTANBUL (Settlement) Arabic, Avar, Bashkir, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Buryat, Croatian, Czech, Danish, English, Faroese, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Tatar, Tuvan, Urdu, Uzbek, Yakut
From Turkish İstanbul, which comes from a misinterpretation of the Medieval Greek phrase εἰς τὴν Πόλιν (eis tḗn pólin) meaning "to the City", a colloquial name for the city of Constantinople (reflecting its status as the only major city in the vicinity)... [more]
ITHAQUE (Island) French
French form of ITHACA.
JAKARTA (Settlement) Indonesian, Acehnese, Balinese, Javanese, Malay, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Arabic, Armenian, Bengali, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Marathi, Mongolian, Persian, Romanian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Turkmen, Urdu, Uzbek
From Sanskrit जयकर्त (jayakarta) meaning "that which causes victory", from जय (jayá) "victory, triumph" and कृत (kṛtá) "done, made, accomplished". This is the name of the capital city of Indonesia.
JAMAÏQUE (Country & Island) French
French form of JAMAICA.
JAVA (Island) Afrikaans, Armenian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Macedonian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Serbian, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik
From Indonesian Jawa which is of uncertain origin and meaning. It may be from Sanskrit यव-द्वीप (yava-dvīpa) meaning "island of barley", Javanese ꦗꦸꦮꦮꦸꦠ꧀ (juwawut) meaning "foxtail millet (a type of plant)", or Malay jauh meaning "far, distant"... [more]
JOHANNESBURG (Settlement) French (African)
Origin of Johannesburg's name is explained. In reaction to an inquiry, officials in Pretoria replied that Johannesburg was named after Johann Friedrich Bernhard Rissik and Christiaan Johannes Joubert - the only document dealing directly with the origin of the city's name.
JOHOR (Political Subdivision) Malay, English, Indonesian, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish
From Arabic جَوْهَر (jawhar) meaning "jewel, precious stone", ultimately from Persian جوهر (jowhar). This is the name of a state in southern Malaysia.
JOHOR BAHRU (Settlement) Malay, English, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish, Turkish
Means "new gem" from Arabic جَوْهَر‎ (jawhar) meaning "jewel, precious stone, gem" and Malay bahru meaning "new". This is the name of a city in Malaysia.
JUDÉE (Region) French
French form of Iudaea (see Judea).
KALIMANTAN (Island & Region) Indonesian, Acehnese, Balinese, Banjar, Buginese, Javanese, Malay, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Arabic, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Italian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian
Means "burning weather (island)" from Sanskrit काल (kālá) meaning "time, season" and क्वथन (kvathana) meaning "boiling, churning". This is the name of the Indonesian portion of the island of Borneo, though it is used to refer to the entire island in Indonesian.
KALMOUKIE (Political Subdivision) French
French form of KALMYKIA.
KAZBEK (Mountain) Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bashkir, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tajik, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From Russian Казбек (Kazbek) which is from Arabic قَاضِي (qāḍī) meaning "judge, arbiter" combined with the Turkish military title beg meaning "chieftain, master"... [more]
KELANTAN (Political Subdivision) Malay, English, Bulgarian, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian
Meaning uncertain, possibly from Malay gelam hutam referring to the cajeput tree, kilatan meaning "lightning, flash", or kolam tanah meaning "dirt pool". Alternatively, it may be from கோலம் (kōlam) the Tamil name for rangoli, an art form from the Indian subcontinent... [more]
KIRGHIZIE (Country) French
French form of KYRGYZSTAN via its Russian name KIRGIZIYA. This is an alternative name for the country; the standard name in France is KIRGHIZISTAN.
KOSOVO (Country) Afrikaans, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Indonesian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Ukrainian
From Albanian Kosova or Kosovë, which is derived from Serbian кос (kos) meaning "blackbird", an ellipsis of Косово Поље (Kosovo Polje) meaning "blackbird field"... [more]
KOWEÏT (Country) French
French form of KUWAIT.
KUALA LUMPUR (Settlement) Malay, Indonesian, Acehnese, Banjar, Javanese, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Afrikaans, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Macedonian, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Turkmen, Uzbek, Yakut
Means "muddy confluence" from Malay kuala meaning "confluence" and lumpur "mud". This is the name of the capital and largest city of Malaysia.
LAÂYOUNE (Settlement) French
French form of LAAYOUNE.
LACONIE (Political Subdivision & Region) French
French form of LACONIA.
LAOS (Country) Afrikaans, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian
Coined by the French when they united the three Lao kingdoms into French Indochina, a former group of colonial territories in Southeast Asia. The name comes from Lao ລາວ (lāo), the ethnic name of Lao people, who were the dominant ethnic group in the region... [more]
LETTONIE (Country) French
French form of LATVIA via its New Latin name LETTONIA.
LIBURNIE (Region) French
French form of Liburnia.
LILLE (Settlement) French
Name of a city in France.
LIVONIE (Region) French
French form of LIVONIA.
LUCERNE (Settlement) English, French
LUSITANIE (Political Subdivision & Region) French
French form of Lusitania.
MADRID (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Spanish, Abkhaz, Afrikaans, Arabic, Armenian, Asturian, Avar, Azerbaijani, Bashkir, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Chechen, Chuvash, Circassian, Crimean Tatar, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Galician, German, Hebrew, Hungarian, Indonesian, Ingush, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Ossetian, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tajik, Tagalog, Tatar, Turkish, Turkmen, Uzbek, Yakut
From the older name Magerit which is of uncertain meaning and origin. It may be derived from Arabic اَلْمَجْرِيط‎ (al-majrīṭ) meaning "source of water", from Latin matrix meaning "mother, source, origin (of rivers)", or from Celtic mageto ritu meaning "great bridge"... [more]
MAGUINDANAO (Political Subdivision) Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, English, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Swedish, Turkish
From Spanish Maguindanao, a corruption of Magindanaw, the endonym of the Maguindanao people. The ethnic name means "people of the flood plains" or "people of the lake" from the word danao meaning "lake"... [more]
MAKHATCHKALA (Settlement) French, Portuguese
French and Portuguese form of MAKHACHKALA.
MALAISIE (Country) French
French form of MALAYSIA.
MALDIVES (Country) Catalan, English, French, Greek, Malay
Meaning uncertain, possibly means "Malé islands" from Dhivehi މާލެ (māle) referring to Malé, the capital city of the Maldives, combined with Sanskrit द्वीप (dvīpá) meaning "island"... [more]
MALI (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Chinese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Latvian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Tatar, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From the name of the Mali Empire, which was derived from Mandinka or Bambara mali meaning "hippopotamus" or "the place where the king lives". This is the name of a landlocked country in West Africa.
MANILLE (Settlement) French
French form of MANILA.
MAURITANIE (Country) French
French form of MAURITANIA.
MEIJE (Mountain) French
From Occitan meija meaning "middle, centre, half," taken from its original name l'Agulha de la Meija meaning "the needle of the Meije."... [more]
MESSÉNIE (Political Subdivision & Region) Czech, French
Czech and French form of Messenia.
MINDANAO (Island) Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, English, Spanish, French, Dutch, German, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Polish, Russian
From Spanish Maguindanao, a corruption of Magindanaw, the endonym of the Maguindanao people. The ethnic name means "people of the flood plains" or "people of the lake" from the word danao meaning "lake"... [more]
MOLUQUES (Region) Catalan, French
Catalan and French form of Moluccas, which is a common alternative name for the Maluku Islands.
MONACO (Country) English, French
This is the name of a sovereign city-state and microstate bordering France on three sides and the Mediterranean Sea on one side.... [more]
NAVARRE (Country) French
From the name of the historic Royaume de Navarre, a kingdom in the West Pyrenees mountains which is divided today between Spain and France. It is either derived from the Basque nabar, meaning "brownish" or "multicolor" (which would be a contrast with the green mountain lands north of the original County of Navarre); or from the Basque naba, "valley" or "plain", and herri, "land" or "people".
NOUAKCHOTT (Settlement) French, English, Dutch, German, Italian, Portuguese
From French Nouakchott through Arabic نواكشوط (Nuwākšūṭ), which is ultimately from Tamazight Nawākšūṭ meaning "place of the winds" or inua u-kshut meaning "made of wood, made of sticks"... [more]
OMAN (Country) Afrikaans, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Indonesian, Italian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovene, Swedish, Ukrainian
From Arabic عمان‎ (ʿUmān), which is of disputed etymology. It may be from Arabic عُمَانَة (ʿumāna), a byname for the historical city of Sohar (presently located in Al Batinah North Governorate, Oman), which is probably derived from the root ع م ن‎ (ʿ-m-n) meaning "to settle, to remain, to dwell"... [more]
ORIVAL (Settlement) French
Derived from Latin aurea vallis meaning "golden vale/valley," the name belonging to three communes (one since defunct), located in the Seine-Maritime & Somme départements of northern France and Charente département of western France.
OSSÉTIE (Region) French
French form of OSSETIA.
OULAN-BATOR (Settlement) French
French form of ULAANBAATAR.
OURAL (Region, River & Mountain) French
French form of URAL.
OUZBÉKISTAN (Country) French
French form of UZBEKISTAN.
PADANG (Settlement) Minangkabau, Acehnese, Balinese, Indonesian, Javanese, Malay, Sundanese, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Uzbek
Means "field, plain" in Indonesian. This is the name of a city in West Sumatra province, Indonesia.
PANAMA (Country) Afrikaans, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Irish, Italian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian
Meaning uncertain. It may be derived from the name of the Panama tree (a common species in the area), from an indigenous word meaning "many butterflies", from Kuna bannaba meaning "distant, far away", or from a Guaraní word meaning "place of many fish"... [more]
PANGASINAN (Political Subdivision) Pangasinan, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Swedish, Turkish
From the name of the Pangasinan people, which means "place of salt" or "land of salt", derived from Pangasinan pang- meaning "for", asin meaning "salt", and the place marker suffix -an... [more]
PARTHIE (Region) French
French form of Parthia.
PÉLAGONIE (Region) French
French form of Pelagonia.
PÉONIE (Region) French
French form of Paeonia.
PORTO RICO (Political Subdivision) French, Italian, Portuguese
French, Italian and Portuguese form of PUERTO RICO.
PUNCAK JAYA (Mountain) Indonesian, Balinese, Javanese, Malay, Sundanese, Bosnian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Norwegian, Romanian, Slovak, Swedish, Turkish
Means "summit of victory" from Indonesian puncak meaning "top, summit, peak" and jaya meaning "victory". This is the name of the highest mountain in Indonesia located on the island of New Guinea, sometimes referred to as the Carstensz Pyramid.
PYRÉNÉES (Mountain) French
French form of Pyrenees.
RHIN (River) French
French form of Rhine.
RHODÉSIE (Country) French
French form of RHODESIA.
ROER (River) Dutch, French, Italian, Luxembourgish
Dutch, French, Italian and Luxembourgish form of Rur.
SAHARA (Country & Region) Afrikaans, Armenian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Faroese, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kannada, Korean, Kurdish, Macedonian, Malay, Malayalam, Marathi, Nepali, Norwegian, Polish, Punjabi, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish, Tagalog, Telugu, Thai, Turkmen, Yiddish
Derived from Arabic صَحَارَى‎ (ṣaḥārā) meaning "deserts", the plural of صَحْرَاء (ṣaḥrāʾ) meaning "desert". This is the name of a desert in Northern Africa as well as a disputed territory and semi-independent state (Western Sahara).
SAINT GERMAIN (Region) French
Named after the French Saint Germain.
SAMARIE (Region) French
French form of Samaria.
SÁPMI (Region) Sami, Swedish, English, German, Breton, Faroese, Manx, Scots, Vietnamese
Perhaps ultimately derived from Proto-Balto-Slavic *źemē meaning "earth". Suomi, the Finnish name for Finland, is believed to be derived from the same root... [more]
SARAJEVO (Settlement) Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Norwegian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish
Capital city of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The name is believed to be derived from the term saray ovası meaning "the plains around the palace". The first element is derived from the Turkish word saray meaning "palace"... [more]
SARDAIGNE (Region & Island) French
French form of SARDINIA.
SIBÉRIE (Region) French
French form of SIBERIA.
SICILE (Political Subdivision & Island) French
French form of SICILY.
SINAÏ (Region & Mountain) Dutch, French
Dutch and French form of SINAI.
SINGAPOUR (Country) French
French form of SINGAPORE.
SITHONIE (Region) French
French form of Sithonia.
SKOPJE (Settlement) Macedonian, English, French, German
Skopje is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Macedonia. ... [more]
SRI LANKA (Country & Island) Afrikaans, Albanian, Basque, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
From Sinhalese ශ්‍රී ලංකාව (ś‍rī laṁkāva), itself from Sanskrit श्री (śrī) meaning "holy, sacred" and लङ्का (laṅkā) meaning "island"... [more]
SUDÈTES (Mountain) French
French form of SUDETES.
SURABAYA (Settlement) Javanese, Indonesian, Acehnese, Balinese, Minangkabau, Sundanese, English, Danish, French, German, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Malay, Norwegian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish
From Javanese ꦯꦸꦫꦧꦪ (shurabaya), derived from ꦯꦸꦫ (shura) meaning "white shark" and ꦧꦪ (baya) meaning "crocodile". The name comes from 12th-century Javanese monarch Jayabaya, who foresaw a fight between a white shark and crocodile (which might have been referring to a Mongol invasion of Java in the late 13th-century)... [more]
TADJIKISTAN (Country) Afrikaans, French
Afrikaans and French form of TAJIKISTAN.
TAÏWAN (Country & Island) French
French form of TAIWAN.
TALLINN (Settlement) Estonian, English, Danish, Dutch, French, German, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Swedish
Capital of ESTONIA and previously known as Reval until 1918. The meaning of the name is uncertain, but it is believed to be derived from Estonian Taani-linn(a) meaning "Danish castle" or "Danish town".
TANZANIE (Country) Czech, French
Czech and French form of TANZANIA.
TATAOUINE (Settlement) French
Means "water springs" in Berber. The city is sometimes called Foum Tataouine, meaning "mouth of the springs". The name of the desert planet TATOOINE in the Star Wars universe is derived from Tataouine.
TATARSTAN (Political Subdivision) Tatar, Russian, Bashkir, Basque, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Danish, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Icelandic, Italian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Serbian, Slovene, Swedish, Ukrainian
From the ethnic name татар (tatar) combined with the Persian suffix -ستان (-stan) meaning "land of". The ethnic name is of uncertain origin, though it is believed to be derived from tata, an endonym for the Mongols... [more]
TBILISSI (Settlement) French
French form of TBILISI.
TCHÉTCHÉNIE (Political Subdivision) French
French form of CHECHNYA.
TERENGGANU (Political Subdivision) Malay, English, Indonesian, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Possibly from Malay terang ganu meaning "bright rainbow" or taring anu meaning "fang of something", supposedly said by a hunter when he found the tooth of an unknown animal. This is the name of a state of Malaysia.
THESPROTIE (Political Subdivision & Region) French
French form of Thesprotia.
TOGO (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Korean, Latvian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Means "land where lagoons lie" from Ewe to meaning "water" and go meaning "shore". Togo, officially the Togolese Republic, is a country in West Africa bordered by Ghana to the west, Benin to the east and Burkina Faso to the north.
TOSCANE (Region) Dutch, French
Dutch and French form of TUSCANY.
TRANSCARPATIE (Region) French
French form of TRANSCARPATHIA.
TRANSCASPIE (Political Subdivision) French
French form of TRANSCASPIA.
TRANSCAUCASIE (Region) French
French form of TRANSCAUCASIA.
TRANSDANUBIE (Region) French
French form of TRANSDANUBIA.
TRANSNISTRIE (Political Subdivision & Region) French
French form of TRANSNISTRIA.
TRANSOXIANE (Region) French
French form of TRANSOXIANA.
TRANSYLVANIE (Region) French
French form of TRANSYLVANIA.
TRIPOLITAINE (Region) French
French form of Tripolitania.
TUNIS (Country & Settlement) Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hebrew, Hindi, Indonesian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Russian, Serbian, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uyghur, Uzbek
Meaning uncertain, possibly from the Tamazight root ens meaning "to lie down, to pass the night" or from the name of the Phoenician goddess TANITH... [more]
TUNISIE (Country) French
French form of TUNISIA.
TURKIA (Country) Armenian, Basque, Breton
Armenian, Basque, and Breton form of TURKEY.
TURKMÉNIE (Country & Political Subdivision) French (Rare)
Gallicization of TURKMENIYA, the Russian name for the country of TURKMENISTAN. In the Francophone world, this name was primarily used during the Soviet era... [more]
TURKMÉNISTAN (Country) French
French form of TURKMENISTAN.
UKRAINE (Country) Danish, English, French, German, Malay
From Ukrainian Україна (Ukrayina) which is from Old East Slavic украина (ukraina) meaning "boundary, borderland, outskirts", derived from оу (u) meaning "at" and краи (krai) meaning "edge, end, rim"... [more]
VEVEY (Settlement) French
Vevey is a town in Switzerland in the canton of Vaud, on the north shore of Lake Geneva, near Lausanne.
VIENTIANE (Settlement) French, Afrikaans, Bosnian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Portuguese (Brazilian), Romanian, Slovak, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
From French Vientiane, which is from Lao ວຽງຈັນ (wīang chan) (see WIANGCHAN). This is the name of the capital city of Laos.
VILNIUS (Settlement) Lithuanian, Czech, Danish, English, Estonian, Faroese, French, German, Norwegian, Portuguese, Slovak, Swedish
Capital of LITHUANIA. Named after the Vilnia River whose name is derived from Lithuanian vilnis "wave".
VLADIKAVKAZ (Settlement) Russian, English, Bulgarian, Dutch, French, Italian, Macedonian, Portuguese, Serbian
Means "ruler of the Caucasus" from Russian владеть (vladet) meaning "to own, to possess, to control" and Кавказ (Kavkaz) meaning "Caucasus"... [more]
XINJIANG (Political Subdivision & Region) Chinese, Afrikaans, Catalan, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kurdish, Malay, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Swedish, Tagalog
Means "new frontier" from Chinese 新 (xīn) meaning "new" and 疆 (jiāng) meaning "boundary, border, frontier". This is the name of an autonomous region in western China as well as a historical region in Central Asia.
YPRES (Settlement) French
French form of IEPER, known for the battles that occurred in 1914 and 1915 during the First World War.
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