Italian Submitted Place Names

Italian names are used in Italy and other Italian-speaking regions such as southern Switzerland. See also about Italian names.
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Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
ACEH (Region) Indonesian, Buginese, Malay, Minangkabau, Danish, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Icelandic, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
Meaning uncertain. A popular backronym states that it is derived from Indonesian Arab, Cina, Eropa, Hindia meaning "Arab, China, Europe, Indies" referring to the groups and regions that have historically influenced the people of Aceh... [more]
ALMATY (Settlement) Kazakh, Russian, English, Belarusian, French, German, Italian, Portuguese
Meaning uncertain, possibly from Kazakh алма (alma) meaning "apple". This is the name of the largest city in Kazakhstan.
ANDORRA (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Catalan, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Greek, Hungarian, Icelandic, Italian, Luxembourgish, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian
The name of the country of Andorra, whose name is possibly derived from a Basque word andurrial (“shrub-covered land”), but it may come from Arabic الدرا (“the forest”) or Spanish andar (“to walk”).
ANZIO (Political Subdivision) Italian
City on the shore of Italy. In Roman times it was known as Antium.
ARABIA (Political Subdivision & Region) Ancient Greek, Ancient Roman, Basque, English, Finnish, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Spanish
Of Semitic origin, but the precise meaning is uncertain, as the root word has many possible meanings in the Semitic languages.... [more]
ARUBA (Political Subdivision & Island) Afrikaans, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Italian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian
An island in the Caribbean Sea that is part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
AZZORRE (Political Subdivision & Region) Italian
Italian form of AZORES.
BAKU (Settlement) English, Russian, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Danish, Finnish, German, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Serbian, Swedish, Ukrainian
From Persian باکو (bâku) which is of uncertain meaning. One popular etymology suggests that it means "wind-pounded city" from Persian باد (bâd) meaning "wind" and کوبیدن (kubidan) meaning "to pound, to beat" (given in reference to the area's storms and high winds)... [more]
BALI (Political Subdivision & Island) Indonesian, Balinese, Acehnese, Javanese, Malay, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Chinese, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Italian, Marathi, Norwegian, Persian, Portuguese, Russian, Serbian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu
From Sanskrit बलि (bali) meaning "offering, tribute". This is the name of an island and province in Indonesia.
BANDAR SERI BEGAWAN (Settlement) Malay, English, Indonesian, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish
From Malay bandar meaning "town", seri meaning "radiance, splendour, glory", and begawan meaning "holy". The name comes from Malay Seri Begawan, a title used by Bruneian Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien III (1914-1986), ultimately derived from Sanskrit श्री भगवान् (śrī bhagvān) meaning "radiance of the gods"... [more]
BANDUNG (Settlement) Indonesian, Acehnese, Balinese, Banjar, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Armenian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Korean, Malay, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
From Indonesian bendung or bendungan meaning "dam, dike", used to refer to the area in relation to the nearby Citarum River. Local sources relate the name to the phrase Nga-Bandung-an Banda Indung, which is considered sacred in Sundanese culture... [more]
BANGKOK (Settlement) Thai, Afrikaans, Armenian, Bashkir, Bosnian, Chechen, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hebrew, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Ingush, Italian, Karakalpak, Kazakh, Korean, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Lao, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Ossetian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Tatar, Turkish, Uzbek
From Thai บางกอก (baang-gòk), believed to be derived from บาง (baang) meaning "community, village, settlement" and กอก (gòk) meaning "olive", possibly used in reference to the olive trees that grew around the area... [more]
BANGLADESH (Country) Bengali, Armenian, Basque, Breton, Bulgarian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Hebrew, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Swahili, Swedish
From Bengali বাংলাদেশ (Bangladeś) meaning "land of the Bengalis", a combination of the name of the Bengali people and Sanskrit देश (deśá) meaning "country, kingdom, land, state"... [more]
BELGRADO (Settlement) Afrikaans, Dutch, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese
Afrikaans, Dutch, Italian, Spanish and Portuguese form of BELGRADE.
BELLAGIO (Political Subdivision) Italian
Bellagio is an Italian comune in the Province of Como. It is also the name of a hotel in Las Vegas, Nevada
BEOZIA (Political Subdivision & Region) Italian
Italian form of Boeotia.
BHUTAN (Country) English, Bengali, Burmese, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, German, Gujarati, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Kannada, Malay, Marathi, Nepali, Norwegian, Polish, Punjabi, Romanian, Swedish, Tagalog, Telugu, Turkish, Urdu
Probably from བོད (bod), the Tibetan name for the region of Tibet, derived via Sanskrit भोट-अन्त (bhoṭa-anta) meaning "end of Tibet" (referring to the country's geographical location in southern extremity of the Tibetan plateau)... [more]
BONAIRE (Political Subdivision & Island) Afrikaans, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Latvian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
An island in the Caribbean Sea that is a special municipality of the Netherlands.
BRIONE (Political Subdivision) Italian
BRUGES (Settlement) French, English, Italian, Luxembourgish, Portuguese, Romanian
French form of Brugge, which some countries (mostly Romance ones) have adopted as their name for the Belgian city.
BRUNEI (Country) Malay, Albanian, Basque, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Luxembourgish, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
Probably derived from Borneo, the name of an island, which in turn is most likely from Sanskrit वरुण (váruṇa) meaning "ocean, water". A local legend suggests that the name may be derived from the phrase baru nah meaning "there!" or "that's it!", which was supposedly declared by Muhammad Shah, Brunei's first sultan... [more]
BRUXELLES (Settlement) French, Bosnian, Croatian, Danish, Italian, Romanian
French form of Brussels, which some countries have adopted as their name for the Belgian city.
BUKITTINGGI (Settlement) Indonesian, Minangkabau, Javanese, Malay, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Polish, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Means "tall hill" from Indonesian bukit "hill" and tinggi "high, tall". This is the name of a city in West Sumatra, Indonesia.
BURUNDI (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Breton, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Faroese, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian
The name of the Country in East Africa. Burundi, officially the Republic of Burundi, is a landlocked country in the African Great Lakes region of East Africa, bordered by Rwanda to the north, Tanzania to the east and south, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west.
CALMUCCHIA (Political Subdivision) Italian
Italian form of KALMYKIA.
CANANEA (Region) Italian
Italian form of Canaan.
CAONIA (Region) Italian, Spanish
Italian and Spanish form of Chaonia.
CARAIBI (Region) Italian
Italian form of CARIBBEAN.
CARMANIA (Political Subdivision & Region) Ancient Persian (Latinized), English, Italian, Spanish
Latinized form of ancient Persian Karmana via its hellenized form KARMANIA. This was the name of a region and province of several Persian empires.
CARPAZI (Mountain) Italian
Italian form of CARPATHIANS.
CARTAGINE (Settlement) Italian
Italian form of Carthage.
CASABLANCA (Settlement) Afrikaans, Bosnian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog
Means "white house" in Spanish, from casa meaning "house" and blanca meaning "white". The name originates from a Spanish translation of الدَّار الْبَيْضَاء (ad-Dār al-Bayḍāʾ), the Arabic name for the city, which in turn was derived from a calque of the Portuguese name Casa Branca... [more]
CAUCASO (Region & Mountain) Italian
Italian form of CAUCASUS.
CEBU (Political Subdivision, Settlement & Island) English, Tagalog, Ilocano, Pampangan, Danish, Dutch, French, German, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Swedish
From Old Cebuano sibu or sibo meaning "trade", itself a shortened form of sinibuayng hingpit meaning "place for trading". This is the name of an island, province, and city (Cebu City) in the Philippines.
CECENIA (Political Subdivision) Italian, Romanian
Italian and Romanian form of CHECHNYA.
CHIRGHISIA (Country) Italian
Italian form of KYRGYZSTAN via its Russian name KIRGIZIYA. This is an alternative name for the country; the standard name in Italy is KIRGHIZISTAN.
CIDONIA (Settlement) Italian, Spanish
Italian and Spanish form of Cydonia.
CIRCASSIA (Region) English, Italian
From Turkish Çerkes or Russian Черкес (Cherkes) referring to the Circassian (Adyghe) people. The exonyms are of uncertain meaning; they may be derived from Kerkety, the name of a Circassian tribe, or from Persian چهار کس (čahâr kas) meaning "four people" (probably denoting four tribes)... [more]
CISCAUCASIA (Region) English, Italian, Spanish
Means "on this side of the Caucasus", derived from Latin cis meaning "on this side of" combined with the latinized Greek noun Caucasia meaning "the Caucasus" (both the mountains and their namesake region)... [more]
CORASMIA (Political Subdivision & Region) Italian, Spanish
Italian and Spanish form of Khwarazm via its Greek and Latin name CHORASMIA.
CORINTO (Settlement) Italian, Spanish, Portuguese
Italian, Spanish and Portuguese form of Corinthus (see Corinth).
CORINZIA (Political Subdivision & Region) Italian
Italian form of Corinthia.
CORSICA (Political Subdivision & Island) Dutch, English, Italian, Romanian
Mediterranean island where Napoleon Bonaparte was born.
COSTANTINOPOLI (Settlement) Italian
Italian form of Constantinople.
COSTA RICA (Country) Spanish, Afrikaans, Basque, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Swedish
The name of the Country in Central America. Costa Rica is a rugged, rainforested Central American country with coastlines on the Caribbean and Pacific. Though its capital, San Jose, is home to cultural institutions like the Pre-Columbian Gold Museum, Costa Rica is known for its beaches, volcanoes, and biodiversity... [more]
COTABATO (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
From Maguindanao Kutawatu meaning "stone city", from kuta meaning "city, fort" and wato meaning "stone, rock". This is the name of both a province and a city in the southern Philippines.
CRIMEA (Political Subdivision & Region) English, Asturian, Catalan, Italian, Spanish
From Crimean Tatar Qırım which is of uncertain origin. It may be derived from a corruption of Latin Cimmerium or Greek Κιμμερικόν (Kimmerikon), the name of an ancient city, from Old Turkic qurum meaning "protection, defense" or qirum meaning "fosse, trench", or Ancient Greek κρημνοί (krēmnoí) meaning "cliffs"... [more]
CURAÇAO (Political Subdivision & Island) Afrikaans, Basque, Bosnian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Swedish, Turkish
An island in the Caribbean Sea that is part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
DAGHESTAN (Political Subdivision) French, Italian, Persian, Romanian
French, Italian, Persian, and Romanian form of DAGESTAN.
DANUBIO (River) Italian, Spanish
Italian and Spanish form of DANUBE.
DOMINICA (Country & Island) Afrikaans, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish
Derived from Latin dominica meaning "lordly" or "Sunday", named by explorer Christopher Columbus for his sighting of the island on a Sunday. This is the name of an island country in the Caribbean.
ENOTRIA (Region) Italian, History
Italian form of OENOTRIA. Enotria or Oenotria refers to an ancient region of southern Italy.
EUFRATE (River) Italian
Italian form of EUPHRATES.
FANO (Political Subdivision) Italian
Habitational name for someone who comes from Fano, Italy.
GABON (Country) Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Turkish
Derived from Portuguese gabão meaning "cloak, overcoat", used to refer to the shape of the estuary of the Komo River by Libreville. This is the name of a country in Central Africa along the Atlantic coast.
GALLIA (Region & Country) Ancient Roman, Estonian, Finnish, Greek, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian
Ancient Roman name for the historical region of Gaul, which some modern countries have adopted as their name for that region.... [more]
GERFALCO (Settlement) Italian
The first element of this name is derived from Gothic gairu (gêr in Old High German) "spear", or from garva (garo in Old High German, and gearu in Anglo-Saxon) "ready, prepared." The second element is derived from Old High German falko "falcon"... [more]
GIAMAICA (Country & Island) Italian
Italian form of JAMAICA.
GINEVRA (Settlement) Italian
Italian form of GENEVA.
GIUDEA (Region) Italian
Italian form of Iudaea (see Judea).
GRAN CANARIA (Island) Spanish, English, Esperanto, Dutch, Welsh, Breton, Asturian, Aragonese, German, Estonian, Faroese, Galician, Croatian, Italian, Hungarian, Norwegian, Serbo-Croatian, Finnish, Swedish, Turkish, Icelandic, Czech, Polish, Romanian, Scots, Slovene
From Spanish gran "grande, great" and Canaria referring to the CANARY ISLANDS. Gran Canaria is the third largest and second most populous island of the Canary Islands.
GRENADA (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, Georgian, German, Greek, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
Probably from Granada, the name of a city in Andalusia, Spain, which is derived from Arabic غَرْنَاطَة‎ (ḡarnāṭa) possibly meaning "hill of strangers". This is the name of an island country in the Caribbean.
GUAM (Political Subdivision & Island) Afrikaans, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
The name of the Territory. Guam is a U.S. island territory in Micronesia, in the Western Pacific. It's distinguished by tropical beaches, Chamorro villages and ancient latte-stone pillars. Guam’s WWII significance is on view at the War in the Pacific National Historical Park, whose sites include Asan Beach, a former battlefield... [more]
INGUSCEZIA (Political Subdivision) Italian
Italian form of INGUSHETIA.
IRCANIA (Region) Italian
Italian form of Hyrcania.
ISTANBUL (Settlement) Arabic, Avar, Bashkir, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Buryat, Croatian, Czech, Danish, English, Faroese, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Tatar, Tuvan, Urdu, Uzbek, Yakut
From Turkish İstanbul, which comes from a misinterpretation of the Medieval Greek phrase εἰς τὴν Πόλιν (eis tḗn pólin) meaning "to the City", a colloquial name for the city of Constantinople (reflecting its status as the only major city in the vicinity)... [more]
JOHOR (Political Subdivision) Malay, English, Indonesian, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish
From Arabic جَوْهَر (jawhar) meaning "jewel, precious stone", ultimately from Persian جوهر (jowhar). This is the name of a state in southern Malaysia.
JOHOR BAHRU (Settlement) Malay, English, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish, Turkish
Means "new gem" from Arabic جَوْهَر‎ (jawhar) meaning "jewel, precious stone, gem" and Malay bahru meaning "new". This is the name of a city in Malaysia.
KALIMANTAN (Island & Region) Indonesian, Acehnese, Balinese, Banjar, Buginese, Javanese, Malay, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Arabic, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hindi, Italian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian
Means "burning weather (island)" from Sanskrit काल (kālá) meaning "time, season" and क्वथन (kvathana) meaning "boiling, churning". This is the name of the Indonesian portion of the island of Borneo, though it is used to refer to the entire island in Indonesian.
KAZBEK (Mountain) Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bashkir, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tajik, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From Russian Казбек (Kazbek) which is from Arabic قَاضِي (qāḍī) meaning "judge, arbiter" combined with the Turkish military title beg meaning "chieftain, master"... [more]
KELANTAN (Political Subdivision) Malay, English, Bulgarian, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian
Meaning uncertain, possibly from Malay gelam hutam referring to the cajeput tree, kilatan meaning "lightning, flash", or kolam tanah meaning "dirt pool". Alternatively, it may be from கோலம் (kōlam) the Tamil name for rangoli, an art form from the Indian subcontinent... [more]
KUALA LUMPUR (Settlement) Malay, Indonesian, Acehnese, Banjar, Javanese, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Afrikaans, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Macedonian, Mongolian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Turkmen, Uzbek, Yakut
Means "muddy confluence" from Malay kuala meaning "confluence" and lumpur "mud". This is the name of the capital and largest city of Malaysia.
LAOS (Country) Afrikaans, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian
Coined by the French when they united the three Lao kingdoms into French Indochina, a former group of colonial territories in Southeast Asia. The name comes from Lao ລາວ (lāo), the ethnic name of Lao people, who were the dominant ethnic group in the region... [more]
LETTONIA (Country) Italian
This is the New Latin name for LATVIA, which the Italians have adopted as their standard name for the country.
LIVONIA (Region) History, Albanian, Aragonese, Asturian, Basque, English, Galician, Indonesian, Italian, Romanian, Spanish
Livonia was a historic region in the Baltic, located approximately in present-day southern ESTONIA and northern LATVIA... [more]
LUCCA (Political Subdivision) Italian
A name for a person who comes from Lucca, Tuscany, Italy
LUCERA (Settlement) Italian
Lucera is an Italian city in the province of Foggia in the region of Apulia, and the seat of the Diocese of Lucera-Troia.... [more]
LUZON (Island) Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Afrikaans, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish
Of uncertain meaning, probably from Tagalog lusong meaning "mortar (for pounding rice)". This is the name of the largest island in the Philippines.
MACEDONIA (Region) Ancient Greek (Latinized), English, Italian, Polish, Romanian, Spanish
Derived from Greek Μακεδονία (Makedonia), which is the name of an ancient kingdom and region that was named after the ancient Macedonian people. In turn, their name is derived from ancient Greek μακεδνός (makednós) meaning "tall, taper".
MACHELONIA (Country, Political Subdivision & Region) Ancient Greek, English, Italian
Derived from Μαχελονία (Machelonia), the ancient Greek name for a region and satrapy of the Sasanian Empire. It was named after the Colchian (i.e. Kartvelian) tribe that lived there, who were known to the ancient Greeks as the Μαχελῶνες (Machelones) or the Μαχελονοι (Machelonoi)... [more]
MADRID (Political Subdivision & Settlement) Spanish, Abkhaz, Afrikaans, Arabic, Armenian, Asturian, Avar, Azerbaijani, Bashkir, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Chechen, Chuvash, Circassian, Crimean Tatar, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Galician, German, Hebrew, Hungarian, Indonesian, Ingush, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Ossetian, Persian, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tajik, Tagalog, Tatar, Turkish, Turkmen, Uzbek, Yakut
From the older name Magerit which is of uncertain meaning and origin. It may be derived from Arabic اَلْمَجْرِيط‎ (al-majrīṭ) meaning "source of water", from Latin matrix meaning "mother, source, origin (of rivers)", or from Celtic mageto ritu meaning "great bridge"... [more]
MAGUINDANAO (Political Subdivision) Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, English, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Swedish, Turkish
From Spanish Maguindanao, a corruption of Magindanaw, the endonym of the Maguindanao people. The ethnic name means "people of the flood plains" or "people of the lake" from the word danao meaning "lake"... [more]
MALAYSIA (Country) Malay, English, Indonesian, German, Danish, Swedish, Norwegian, Italian, Romanian
From Malay, which refers to the Malay Peninsula and the Malay people, combined with the Greek suffix -σία (síā). The name Malay is from Melayu or Malayu, the name of a Sumatran kingdom, which is probably derived from Tamil மலை (malai) or Malayalam മല (mala) meaning "hill, mountain"... [more]
MALDIVE (Country) Italian, Maltese, Romanian
Italian, Maltese, and Romanian form of MALDIVES.
MALI (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Chinese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Latvian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Mongolian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajik, Tatar, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek
From the name of the Mali Empire, which was derived from Mandinka or Bambara mali meaning "hippopotamus" or "the place where the king lives". This is the name of a landlocked country in West Africa.
MALTA (Country & Island) Afrikaans, Albanian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, Georgian, German, Greek, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kurdish, Latvian, Lithuanian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Origin uncertain, possibly derived from Greek μέλι (meli) meaning "honey". This is the name of an island nation in southern Europe.
MANILA (Settlement) Cebuano, Ilocano, Maranao, Arabic, Armenian, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Chinese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, English, Finnish, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Serbian, Spanish, Thai, Ukrainian
From Tagalog Maynila which comes from the term may-nilà meaning "where indigo is found", ultimately from Sanskrit नील (nī́la) referring to the indigo plant. This is the name of the capital city of the Philippines.
MECCA (Settlement) English, Italian, Romanian
From Arabic مكة (makka) which is from بَكَّة (bakka), an ancient name for the region. The name is of uncertain origin and meaning; it may be from Arabic بَكَى (bakā) meaning "to cry, to mourn" or Ge'ez ምኵራብ (məkʷrab) meaning "temple, sanctuary"... [more]
MESSINA (Settlement) Italian
City in Sicily, which was named after the ancient Greek town of Messene.
MIGDONIA (Region) Italian, Spanish
Italian and Spanish form of Mygdonia.
MINDANAO (Island) Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, English, Spanish, French, Dutch, German, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Polish, Russian
From Spanish Maguindanao, a corruption of Magindanaw, the endonym of the Maguindanao people. The ethnic name means "people of the flood plains" or "people of the lake" from the word danao meaning "lake"... [more]
MOLUCCHE (Region) Italian
Italian form of Moluccas, which is a common alternative name for the Maluku Islands.
NOUAKCHOTT (Settlement) French, English, Dutch, German, Italian, Portuguese
From French Nouakchott through Arabic نواكشوط (Nuwākšūṭ), which is ultimately from Tamazight Nawākšūṭ meaning "place of the winds" or inua u-kshut meaning "made of wood, made of sticks"... [more]
NUR-SULTAN (Settlement) Kazakh, Russian, English, Azerbaijani, Belarusian, German, Italian, Kyrgyz, Turkish, Ukrainian
From the given name NURSULTAN. This is the capital city of Kazakhstan, renamed in honour of former president Nursultan Nazarbayev (1940-)... [more]
OMAN (Country) Afrikaans, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Indonesian, Italian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovene, Swedish, Ukrainian
From Arabic عمان‎ (ʿUmān), which is of disputed etymology. It may be from Arabic عُمَانَة (ʿumāna), a byname for the historical city of Sohar (presently located in Al Batinah North Governorate, Oman), which is probably derived from the root ع م ن‎ (ʿ-m-n) meaning "to settle, to remain, to dwell"... [more]
ORTA (River) Italian
OSSEZIA (Region) Italian
Italian form of OSSETIA.
PADANG (Settlement) Minangkabau, Acehnese, Balinese, Indonesian, Javanese, Malay, Sundanese, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Uzbek
Means "field, plain" in Indonesian. This is the name of a city in West Sumatra province, Indonesia.
PALESTRINA (Settlement) Italian
The name of a town east of Rome in central Italy, apparently derived from Praeneste, its ancient name.
PANAMA (Country) Afrikaans, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Irish, Italian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian
Meaning uncertain. It may be derived from the name of the Panama tree (a common species in the area), from an indigenous word meaning "many butterflies", from Kuna bannaba meaning "distant, far away", or from a Guaraní word meaning "place of many fish"... [more]
PANGASINAN (Political Subdivision) Pangasinan, Cebuano, Ilocano, Pampangan, Tagalog, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Swedish, Turkish
From the name of the Pangasinan people, which means "place of salt" or "land of salt", derived from Pangasinan pang- meaning "for", asin meaning "salt", and the place marker suffix -an... [more]
PEONIA (Region) Italian, Romanian, Spanish
Italian, Romanian and Spanish form of Paeonia.
PERREBIA (Region) Italian, Spanish
Italian and Spanish form of Perrhaebia.
PIRENEI (Mountain) Bulgarian, Italian, Russian
Bulgarian, Italian and Russian form of Pyrenees.
PORTO RICO (Political Subdivision) French, Italian, Portuguese
French, Italian and Portuguese form of PUERTO RICO.
PUNCAK JAYA (Mountain) Indonesian, Balinese, Javanese, Malay, Sundanese, Bosnian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Norwegian, Romanian, Slovak, Swedish, Turkish
Means "summit of victory" from Indonesian puncak meaning "top, summit, peak" and jaya meaning "victory". This is the name of the highest mountain in Indonesia located on the island of New Guinea, sometimes referred to as the Carstensz Pyramid.
PUNJAB (Political Subdivision & Region) English, Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, German, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Swedish, Tagalog
From Punjabi پنجاب (Paṉjāb) or ਪੰਜਾਬ (Pañjāb) which is from Persian پنجاب (panjâb) meaning "five rivers" or "five waters", derived from پنج (panj) meaning "five" and آب (âb) meaning "water, river"... [more]
RENO (River) Italian, Portuguese
Italian and Portuguese form of Rhine.
RHODESIA (Country) English, Danish, Finnish, Italian, Norwegian, Romanian, Swedish
Zimbabwe was known as Rhodesia (named after British diplomat Cecil Rhodes) prior to 1980.
RODESIA (Country) Greek, Spanish, Italian
Greek and Spanish form of RHODESIA as well as an Italian alternative name for the former country.
ROER (River) Dutch, French, Italian, Luxembourgish
Dutch, French, Italian and Luxembourgish form of Rur.
RONCISVALLE (Settlement) Italian
The Italian form of Roncesvalles (Navarra, Spain) where in 778 Charlemagne lost a famous battle against Arabs.
SAHARA (Country & Region) Afrikaans, Armenian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Faroese, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hindi, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kannada, Korean, Kurdish, Macedonian, Malay, Malayalam, Marathi, Nepali, Norwegian, Polish, Punjabi, Romanian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish, Tagalog, Telugu, Thai, Turkmen, Yiddish
Derived from Arabic صَحَارَى‎ (ṣaḥārā) meaning "deserts", the plural of صَحْرَاء (ṣaḥrāʾ) meaning "desert". This is the name of a desert in Northern Africa as well as a disputed territory and semi-independent state (Western Sahara).
SARAIEVO (Settlement) Italian, Portuguese
Italian and Portuguese form of SARAJEVO.
SARDEGNA (Region & Island) Italian
Italian form of SARDINIA.
SARMAZIA (Region) Italian
Italian form of Sarmatia.
SAVO (Political Subdivision) Finnish, Dutch, Estonian, German, Italian, Russian
Finnish form of Savonia, which some countries have adopted as their name for the Finnish historical province.
SCANIA (Region & Political Subdivision) English, Italian, Ancient Roman
English, Italian and Latin form of SKÅNE.
SIBERIA (Region) Albanian, Basque, English, Italian, Romanian, Spanish
Meaning uncertain. One theory suggests its derivation from Siberian Tatar Sib Ir meaning "sleeping land", while another suggests an origin from the ethonym Sirtya, Syopyr, an ethnic group which spoke a language that evolved into the Ugric languages... [more]
SICILIA (Political Subdivision & Island) Ancient Roman, Italian, Norwegian, Romanian, Spanish
Ancient Roman (i.e. Classical Latin) form of SICILY, which some modern countries have adopted as their name for the island.
SINAI (Region & Mountain) Biblical, Hebrew, Albanian, Danish, English, German, Italian, Luxembourgish, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Swedish
Biblical place name, both the mountain upon which Moses receives the Ten Commandments from God and the desert where it is located, found between Canaan and Egypt.... [more]
SINGAPORE (Country) English, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, Italian, Norwegian, Romanian, Swedish, Tagalog
From Malay Singapura, which is derived from Sanskrit सिंह (siṃhá) meaning "lion" and पुर (pura) "city". This is the name of an island city-state in Southeast Asia.
SRI LANKA (Country & Island) Afrikaans, Albanian, Basque, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
From Sinhalese ශ්‍රී ලංකාව (ś‍rī laṁkāva), itself from Sanskrit श्री (śrī) meaning "holy, sacred" and लङ्का (laṅkā) meaning "island"... [more]
SULAWESI (Island) Indonesian, Balinese, Banjar, Buginese, Javanese, Malay, Minangkabau, Sundanese, Afrikaans, Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, German, Italian, Norwegian, Romanian, Slovak, Swedish, Tagalog, Thai, Turkish
Probably means "iron island" in an uncertain South Sulawesi language, from sula (cognate with Indonesian pulau) meaning "island" and mesi (Indonesian besi) meaning "iron"... [more]
SURABAYA (Settlement) Javanese, Indonesian, Acehnese, Balinese, Minangkabau, Sundanese, English, Danish, French, German, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Malay, Norwegian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish
From Javanese ꦯꦸꦫꦧꦪ (shurabaya), derived from ꦯꦸꦫ (shura) meaning "white shark" and ꦧꦪ (baya) meaning "crocodile". The name comes from 12th-century Javanese monarch Jayabaya, who foresaw a fight between a white shark and crocodile (which might have been referring to a Mongol invasion of Java in the late 13th-century)... [more]
TAGIKISTAN (Country) Italian
Italian form of TAJIKISTAN.
TANZANIA (Country) Albanian, Basque, Danish, Dutch, English, Georgian, Greek, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish
A country in the east of Africa.
TATARSTAN (Political Subdivision) Tatar, Russian, Bashkir, Basque, Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Danish, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Icelandic, Italian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Serbian, Slovene, Swedish, Ukrainian
From the ethnic name татар (tatar) combined with the Persian suffix -ستان (-stan) meaning "land of". The ethnic name is of uncertain origin, though it is believed to be derived from tata, an endonym for the Mongols... [more]
TERENGGANU (Political Subdivision) Malay, English, Indonesian, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Possibly from Malay terang ganu meaning "bright rainbow" or taring anu meaning "fang of something", supposedly said by a hunter when he found the tooth of an unknown animal. This is the name of a state of Malaysia.
TESPROZIA (Political Subdivision & Region) Italian
Italian form of Thesprotia.
TIMBUCTÙ (Settlement) Italian
Italian form of TIMBUKTU.
TOGO (Country) Afrikaans, Albanian, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Korean, Latvian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Means "land where lagoons lie" from Ewe to meaning "water" and go meaning "shore". Togo, officially the Togolese Republic, is a country in West Africa bordered by Ghana to the west, Benin to the east and Burkina Faso to the north.
TRANSCARPAZIA (Region) Italian
Italian form of TRANSCARPATHIA.
TRANSCASPIA (Political Subdivision) English, Italian, Spanish
Means "beyond the Caspian Sea", derived from Latin trans meaning "across, beyond" combined with Latin Caspia meaning "Caspian Sea".... [more]
TRANSCAUCASIA (Region) English, Italian, Spanish
Means "beyond the Caucasus", derived from Latin trans meaning "across, beyond" combined with the latinized Greek noun Caucasia meaning "the Caucasus" (both the mountains and their namesake region)... [more]
TRANSDANUBIO (Region) Italian
Italian form of TRANSDANUBIA.
TRANSNISTRIA (Political Subdivision & Region) Basque, English, Estonian, Finnish, Italian, Norwegian, Romanian, Spanish
Means "beyond the river DNIESTER", derived from Latin trans meaning "across, beyond" combined with the Romanian noun Nistru meaning "the river Dniester".... [more]
TUNISIA (Country) Basque, English, Finnish, Galician, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Romanian
The name of a country in North Africa, named after its capital city TUNIS.
TURKMENISTAN (Country) Afrikaans, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, German, Italian, Macedonian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Serbian, Slovene, Swedish, Ukrainian
Means "land of the Turkmens"; a combination of Turkmen Türkmen, which is derived from Turkish Türk "Turk" and Sogdian -myn, -men "resembling, like" (in all meaning "resembling a Turk, like a Turk, co-Turk") and the Persian suffix ـستان (-stān) "land, place of", "country"... [more]
UCRAINA (Country) Italian, Romanian
Italian and Romanian form of UKRAINE.
UDINESE (Country) Italian
ULAN BATOR (Settlement) Armenian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Danish, English, Finnish, Hebrew, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Serbian, Slovene, Swedish, Tagalog
Form of ULAANBAATAR used in various languages as well as an English variant of the name.
UMBRIA (Region) Italian
VALHALLA (Other) Norse Mythology, English, Danish, Italian, Portuguese
Variant of Norse Valhǫll, composed of Old Norse valr "the slain" and hǫll "hall". This is the name of the afterlife and the home of heroic warriors who died in battle, as well as some of the Æsir gods... [more]
VARA (River) Italian
VIENTIANE (Settlement) French, Afrikaans, Bosnian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Malay, Norwegian, Portuguese (Brazilian), Romanian, Slovak, Swedish, Tagalog, Turkish
From French Vientiane, which is from Lao ວຽງຈັນ (wīang chan) (see WIANGCHAN). This is the name of the capital city of Laos.
VLADIKAVKAZ (Settlement) Russian, English, Bulgarian, Dutch, French, Italian, Macedonian, Portuguese, Serbian
Means "ruler of the Caucasus" from Russian владеть (vladet) meaning "to own, to possess, to control" and Кавказ (Kavkaz) meaning "Caucasus"... [more]
VOSGI (Mountain) Italian
Italian form of Vosges.
XINJIANG (Political Subdivision & Region) Chinese, Afrikaans, Catalan, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Kurdish, Malay, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Swedish, Tagalog
Means "new frontier" from Chinese 新 (xīn) meaning "new" and 疆 (jiāng) meaning "boundary, border, frontier". This is the name of an autonomous region in western China as well as a historical region in Central Asia.
YEMEN (Country) Bashkir, Bulgarian, Chinese, Chuvash, Circassian, Crimean Tatar, Danish, English, Italian, Kazakh, Korean, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Lezgin, Mongolian, Ossetian, Romanian, Russian, Somali, Spanish, Tagalog, Turkish, Uyghur
From Arabic اليمن (al-Yaman) which is probably from يَمِين (yamīn) meaning "right (hand), south". This is the name of a country in Western Asia.
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