Italian Place Names

Italian names are used in Italy and other Italian-speaking regions such as southern Switzerland. See also about Italian names.
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ALBANIA   (Region & Country)   Late Roman, English, Spanish, Italian
Medieval Latin name for the region which was once occupied by the Illyrian tribe called Albanoi. This is the name of a country in the Balkans.
AQUINO   (Settlement)   Italian
Derived from Latin aqua meaning "water". This is the name of a town in Italy.
ASIA   (Region)   English, Italian, Ancient Greek
Perhaps derived from Akkadian asu, meaning "east".
ASSISI   (Settlement)   Italian, English, German
From Latin Asisium, which is of unknown, possibly pre-Latin, origin. This is the name of a city in central Italy.
BABILONIA   (Settlement)   Italian, Spanish
Italian and Spanish form of BABYLON.
BAGGIO   (Settlement)   Italian
From Latin Badalocum meaning "watch place". This is the name of an Italian town, now a district of Milan.
BAVIERA   (Political Subdivision)   Spanish, Portuguese, Italian
Spanish, Portuguese and Italian form of BAVARIA.
BERGAMO   (Settlement)   Italian, English
From Latin Bergomum, possibly from a Celtic word meaning "mountain". This is the name of a city in northern Italy.
BOLIVIA   (Country)   Spanish, English, Italian
From the surname BOLÍVAR, in honour of the revolutionary Simón Bolívar. This is the name of a country in South America.
BOLOGNA   (Settlement)   Italian, English, German
From Latin Bononia, possibly derived from a Celtic word meaning "settlement". This is the name of a city in northern italy.
BRASILE   (Country)   Italian
Italian form of BRAZIL.
BRETAGNA   (Region)   Italian
Italian form of BRITAIN and BRITTANY. Great Britain is called Gran Bretagna in Italian.
BUDAPEST   (Settlement)   Hungarian, English, German, French, Italian, Spanish
Combination of BUDA and PEST, two cities that merged in 1873. This is the name of the capital city of Hungary.
BULGARIA   (Country)   Late Roman, English, Spanish, Italian
From the name of the Turkic tribe of the Bulgars, possibly from a Turkic root meaning "mixed". This is the name of a country in southeastern Europe.
BUSTO   (Settlement)   Spanish, Italian
From Late Latin bustum meaning "ox pasture". This is the name of several towns in Spain and Italy.
CAIAZZO   (Settlement)   Italian
From Latin Caiatia, a derivative of the given name CAIUS. This is the name of a city near Naples.
CAIVANO   (Settlement)   Italian
From Latin Calvianum, a derivative of the cognomen CALVUS. This is the name of a city near Naples.
CATALOGNA   (Region)   Italian
Italian form of CATALONIA.
CECHIA   (Country)   Italian
Italian form of ČECHY, used as a name for the Czech Republic.
CINA   (Country)   Italian
Italian form of CHINA.
COLONIA   (Settlement)   Ancient Roman, Italian, Spanish
Latin form of COLOGNE, as well as the Italian and Spanish form.
COREA   (Country)   Italian, Spanish, Late Roman
Italian and Spanish form of KOREA, as well as the Latin form.
CREMA   (Settlement)   Italian
Meaning uncertain, possibly from a Lombardic word meaning "hill". This is the name of a city in Cremona (to which the name is unrelated) in northern Italy.
CREMONA   (Settlement & Political Subdivision)   Italian
Probably from the name of the Celtic tribe the Cenomani, or possibly from a pre-Latin word meaning "stone". This is the name of a city and province in northern Italy.
FRANCIA   (Country)   Late Roman, Italian, Spanish
Latin form of FRANCE.
GERMANIA   (Country)   Ancient Roman, Italian
Latin and Italian form of GERMANY.
GIAPPONE   (Country)   Italian
Italian form of JAPAN.
GRECIA   (Country)   Italian, Spanish
Italian and Spanish form of Graecia (see GREECE).
INGHILTERRA   (Country)   Italian
Italian form of ANGLAE TERRA, used as the Italian name of England.
IRAN   (Country)   Persian, Arabic, English, French, German, Italian
Derived from Middle Persian Eran, related to Old Iranian Arya meaning "Iranian, Aryan". This is the name of a country in western Asia, formerly called Persia in the West.
ITALIA   (Country)   Italian, Spanish, Ancient Roman
Italian, Spanish and Latin form of ITALY.
ITALIEN   (Country)   Italian
German form of ITALY.
LONDRA   (Settlement)   Italian
Italian form of LONDON.
LORENA   (Political Subdivision)   Spanish, Portuguese, Italian
Spanish, Portuguese and Italian form of LORRAINE.
LORETO   (Settlement)   Italian, Spanish
From Latin Lauretum meaning "laurel grove". This is the name of a town in eastern Italy.
MILANO   (Settlement)   Italian
Italian form of MILAN.
NIGER   (River & Country)   English, French, Italian, German, Late Roman
Meaning unknown, possibly of Berber origin, though influenced by Latin niger "black". This is the name of a river in western Africa (and a country which is named after it).
NIGERIA   (Country)   English, French, Italian, Spanish, German
From the name of the NIGER River, applied in the 19th century to the British colonial territory in western Africa. It continued to be used after the territory became an independent country in 1960.
PERSIA   (Country)   Ancient Roman, English, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese
Latin form of Greek Περσις (Persis), from Old Persian Parsa. This is the name used in the West for a region in western Asia, as well as several empires which were based there, including the Achaemenid Empire, Parthian Empire, and Sasanian Empire. This was also the Western name for the country of Iran until 1935, when the king requested that the native name Iran be used instead.
PORTOGALLO   (Country)   Italian
Italian form of PORTUGAL.
RAVENNA   (Settlement)   Italian
Means unknown, probably of Etruscan origin. This is the name of a city in Italy.
ROMA   (Settlement)   Italian, Spanish, Catalan, Ancient Roman
Latinate form of ROME.
RUSSIA   (Country)   English, Italian, Late Roman
Derived from the medieval state of RUS, now applied to a much larger area of Europe and Asia.
TRENTO   (Settlement)   Italian
Derived from Latin Tridentum meaning "three teeth", a reference to three surrounding hills. This is the name of a city in Trentino, Italy.
TURCHIA   (Country)   Italian
Italian form of Turcia (see TURKEY).
UNGHERIA   (Country)   Italian
Italian form of HUNGARY.
VIETNAM   (Country)   English, French, German, Dutch, Italian, Spanish
From Việt Nam, meaning "southern Yue", derived from Sino-Vietnamese (việt), referring to the Yue people, and (nam) "south". This is the name of a country in southeastern Asia.
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