Italian Place Names

Italian names are used in Italy and other Italian-speaking regions such as southern Switzerland. See also about Italian names.
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ALBANIA   (Region & Country)   Late Roman, English, Spanish, Italian
Medieval Latin name for the region which was once occupied by the Illyrian tribe called Albanoi. This is the name of a country in the Balkans.
AMERICA   (Region & Country)   English, Italian, Romanian, Late Roman
From the name of the explorer AMERIGO Vespucci (1451-1512). This is the name of two continents (North and South America) and is also commonly used to refer to the United States of America.
AQUINO   (Settlement)   Italian
Derived from Latin aqua meaning "water". This is the name of a town in Italy.
ASIA   (Region)   English, Italian, Ancient Greek
Perhaps derived from Akkadian asu, meaning "east".
ASSISI   (Settlement)   Italian, English, German
From Latin Asisium, which is of unknown, possibly pre-Latin, origin. This is the name of a city in central Italy.
AUSTRALIA   (Region & Country)   English, Italian, Spanish
Derived from Latin australis meaning "southern". It was formally adopted as the name of the continent (and later country) by the British administrators of the region in 1824.
BABILONIA   (Settlement)   Italian, Spanish
Italian and Spanish form of BABYLON.
BAGGIO   (Settlement)   Italian
From Latin Badalocum meaning "watch place". This is the name of an Italian town, now a district of Milan.
BAVIERA   (Political Subdivision)   Spanish, Portuguese, Italian
Spanish, Portuguese and Italian form of BAVARIA.
BERGAMO   (Settlement)   Italian, English
From Latin Bergomum, possibly from a Celtic word meaning "mountain". This is the name of a city in northern Italy.
BOLIVIA   (Country)   Spanish, English, Italian
From the surname BOLÍVAR, in honour of the revolutionary Simón Bolívar. This is the name of a country in South America.
BOLOGNA   (Settlement)   Italian, English, German
From Latin Bononia, possibly derived from a Celtic word meaning "settlement". This is the name of a city in northern italy.
BRASILE   (Country)   Italian
Italian form of BRAZIL.
BRETAGNA   (Region)   Italian
Italian form of BRITAIN and BRITTANY. Great Britain is called Gran Bretagna in Italian.
BUDAPEST   (Settlement)   Hungarian, English, German, French, Italian, Spanish
Combination of BUDA and PEST, two cities that merged in 1873. This is the name of the capital city of Hungary.
BULGARIA   (Country)   Late Roman, English, Spanish, Italian
From the name of the Turkic tribe of the Bulgars, possibly from a Turkic root meaning "mixed". This is the name of a country in southeastern Europe.
BUSTO   (Settlement)   Spanish, Italian
From Late Latin bustum meaning "ox pasture". This is the name of several towns in Spain and Italy.
CAIAZZO   (Settlement)   Italian
From Latin Caiatia, a derivative of the given name CAIUS. This is the name of a city near Naples.
CAIVANO   (Settlement)   Italian
From Latin Calvianum, a derivative of the cognomen CALVUS. This is the name of a city near Naples.
CANADA   (Country)   English, French, Italian, Dutch, Danish, Norwegian
Derived from the Iroquoian word kanata meaning "village". This word was used by Native Americans to direct French explorer Jacques Cartier to Stadacona. Cartier used the word to refer to the region.
CATALOGNA   (Region)   Italian
Italian form of CATALONIA.
CECHIA   (Country)   Italian
Italian form of ČECHY, used as a name for the Czech Republic.
CIAD   (Body of Water & Country)   Italian
Italian form of CHAD.
CINA   (Country)   Italian
Italian form of CHINA.
COLONIA   (Settlement)   Ancient Roman, Italian, Spanish
Latin form of COLOGNE, as well as the Italian and Spanish form.
CONGO   (River & Country)   English, French, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Danish
From Kongo, of uncertain origin, the name of a kingdom in central Africa that existed from the 14th to 19th century. The Congo River (also called the Zaire River) was named after the kingdom. Belgian and French colonies were established in the 19th century, named after the river, which eventually led to two African countries, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (formerly Zaire) and the Republic of the Congo.
COREA   (Country)   Italian, Spanish, Late Roman
Italian and Spanish form of KOREA, as well as the Latin form.
CREMA   (Settlement)   Italian
Meaning uncertain, possibly from a Lombardic word meaning "hill". This is the name of a city in Cremona (to which the name is unrelated) in northern Italy.
CREMONA   (Settlement & Political Subdivision)   Italian
Probably from the name of the Celtic tribe the Cenomani, or possibly from a pre-Latin word meaning "stone". This is the name of a city and province in northern Italy.
CROAZIA   (Country)   Italian
Italian form of CROATIA.
DANIMARCA   (Country)   Italian
Italian form of DENMARK.
ETIOPIA   (Country)   Italian, Polish
Italian and Polish form of ETHIOPIA.
FINLANDIA   (Country)   Spanish, Italian
Spanish and Italian form of FINLAND.
FRANCIA   (Country)   Late Roman, Italian, Spanish
Latin form of FRANCE.
FRANCONIA   (Region)   Late Roman, English, Italian, Spanish
Latin name derived from Frank, the name of a Germanic tribe. This is the name of a region in southern Germany.
FRIULI   (Region)   Italian, English, Spanish
From the name of the Roman town of Forum Iulii (now called Cividale del Friuli) meaning "forum of Julius". This is the name of a region in northeast Italy.
GERMANIA   (Country)   Ancient Roman, Italian
Latin and Italian form of GERMANY.
GIAPPONE   (Country)   Italian
Italian form of JAPAN.
GIORDANIA   (Country)   Italian
Italian form of JORDAN (the country).
GIORDANO   (River)   Italian
Italian form of JORDAN (the river).
GRECIA   (Country)   Italian, Spanish
Italian and Spanish form of Graecia (see GREECE).
INDIA   (Country)   English, Italian, Spanish, Dutch, Norwegian, Romanian, Ancient Roman, Ancient Greek
Derived from the name of the INDUS River. In many languages of India, the name Bharat is used to refer to the country.
INDONESIA   (Country)   Indonesian, English, Italian, Spanish, Late Greek
From Greek Ινδος (Indos), referring to the INDUS, combined with νησος (nesos) meaning "island". This name has been used since the 18th century by colonial powers to refer to the Indonesian archipelago and since 1945 to refer to the independent nation.
INGHILTERRA   (Country)   Italian
Italian form of ANGLAE TERRA, used as the Italian name of England.
IRAN   (Country)   Persian, Arabic, English, French, German, Italian, Croatian, Serbian
Derived from Middle Persian Eran, related to Old Iranian Arya meaning "Iranian, Aryan". This is the name of a country in western Asia, formerly called Persia in the West.
ITALIA   (Country)   Italian, Spanish, Ancient Roman
Italian, Spanish and Latin form of ITALY.
KENIA   (Country & Mountain)   German, Dutch, Finnish, Italian, Spanish, Polish
Form of KENYA.
LONDRA   (Settlement)   Italian
Italian form of LONDON.
LORENA   (Political Subdivision)   Spanish, Portuguese, Italian
Spanish, Portuguese and Italian form of LORRAINE.
LORETO   (Settlement)   Italian, Spanish
From Latin Lauretum meaning "laurel grove". This is the name of a town in eastern Italy.
MESSICO   (Country & Settlement)   Italian
Italian form of MEXICO.
MILANO   (Settlement)   Italian
Italian form of MILAN.
NAPOLI   (Settlement)   Italian
Italian form of NAPLES.
NAZARET   (Settlement)   Spanish, Italian, German, Greek, Armenian, Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek
Spainish, Italian, German, Armenian and Greek form of NAZARETH.
NEPAL   (Country)   Nepali, Indian, Hindi, English, German, Dutch, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Polish, Sanskrit
From Sanskrit नेपाल (Nepal), of unknown meaning. This is the name of a landlocked country in south Asia.
NIGER   (River & Country)   English, French, Italian, German, Dutch, Swedish, Croatian, Serbian, Late Roman
Meaning unknown, possibly of Berber origin, though influenced by Latin niger "black". This is the name of a river in western Africa (and a country which is named after it).
NIGERIA   (Country)   English, French, Italian, Spanish, German
From the name of the NIGER River, applied in the 19th century to the British colonial territory in western Africa. It continued to be used after the territory became an independent country in 1960.
NORVEGIA   (Country)   Italian
Italian form of NORWAY.
PAKISTAN   (Country)   Urdu, Punjabi, English, Italian, French, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Polish, Slovak, Russian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Serbian
From Persian پاک (pak) meaning "pure" and the suffix ستان (stan) meaning "land of". The name was coined in 1933 by the Pakistani nationalist Choudhry Rahmat Ali who justified it as an acronym of Punjab, Afghania, Kashmir and Sindh, plus the final three letters of Baluchistan.
PECHINO   (Settlement)   Italian
Italian form of BEIJING.
PERSIA   (Country)   Ancient Roman, English, Spanish, Italian
Latin form of Greek Περσις (Persis), from Old Persian Parsa. This is the name used in the West for a region in western Asia, as well as several empires which were based there, including the Achaemenid Empire, Parthian Empire, and Sasanian Empire. This was also the Western name for the country of Iran until 1935, when the king requested that the native name Iran be used instead.
POLONIA   (Country)   Italian, Spanish
Italian and Spanish form of POLAND.
PORTOGALLO   (Country)   Italian
Italian form of PORTUGAL.
RAVENNA   (Settlement)   Italian
Means unknown, probably of Etruscan origin. This is the name of a city in Italy.
ROMA   (Settlement)   Italian, Spanish, Catalan, Ancient Roman
Latinate form of ROME.
RUSSIA   (Country)   English, Italian, Late Roman
Derived from the medieval state of RUS, now applied to a much larger area of Europe and Asia.
SLOVENIA   (Country)   English, Italian, Romanian, Norwegian, Finnish
From Slovene, the language of the Slovenes, derived from the medieval Slavic tribal name slovene meaning "Slavs". This is the name of a country in central Europe.
SPAGNA   (Country)   Italian
Italian form of Hispania (see SPAIN).
STOCCOLMA   (Settlement)   Italian
Italian form of STOCKHOLM.
SVEZIA   (Country)   Italian
Italian form of SWEDEN.
TEHERAN   (Settlement)   German, Italian
German and Italian form of TEHRAN.
TRENTO   (Settlement)   Italian
Derived from Latin Tridentum meaning "three teeth", a reference to three surrounding hills. This is the name of a city in Trentino, Italy.
TURCHIA   (Country)   Italian
Italian form of Turcia (see TURKEY).
UNGHERIA   (Country)   Italian
Italian form of HUNGARY.
VALENCIA   (Settlement & Region)   Spanish, Italian, English, German
The name of a city and surrounding region in eastern Spain, originally named in Latin Valentia (Edetanorum) meaning "strength (of the Edetani people)", and derived from Latin valentius "strength, vigour", from valens "strong, vigourous". Besides the city in Spain, this is also the name of a city in Venezuala.
VERONA   (Settlement)   Italian, Spanish, English, Ancient Roman
Meaning unknown, possibly of Latin, Gallic or Etruscan origin. This is the name of a city in northern Italy.
VIETNAM   (Country)   English, French, German, Dutch, Italian, Spanish
From Việt Nam, meaning "southern Yue", derived from Sino-Vietnamese (việt), referring to the Yue people, and (nam) "south". This is the name of a country in southeastern Asia.
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