Norwegian Place Names

Norwegian names are used in the country of Norway in northern Europe. See also about Scandinavian names.
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AMERIKA (Region & Country) German, Dutch, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish, Russian, Croatian, Serbian, Hungarian
Form of AMERICA, used to refer to the continents and sometimes to the United States of America.
AMSTERDAM (Settlement) Dutch, English, German, Swedish, Danish, Norwegian, French, Polish
Means "dam on the AMSTEL" in Dutch. This is the name of the capital city of the Netherlands, first mentioned with this name in the 13th century.
ANTWERPEN (Settlement) Dutch, German, Luxembourgish, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, Finnish, Hungarian, Slovene, Croatian, Bosnian
Dutch form of ANTWERP, as well as the form in several other languages.
ARGENTINA (Country) Spanish, English, Portuguese, Italian, Russian, Czech, Croatian, Serbian, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
From Latin argentinus meaning "silvery", a derivative of argentum meaning "silver". This is the name of a country in South America, arising from a Latinized form of Spanish Río de la Plata meaning "river of silver".
ARMENIA (Country) English, Spanish, Italian, Romanian, Greek, Norwegian, Ancient Roman, Ancient Greek, Ancient Persian
From Greek Αρμενια (Armenia), which was from Old Persian Armina, which is itself probably of Armenia origin. This is the name of a country in the Caucasus region, called Hayastan in Armenian.
AUSTRALIA (Region & Country) English, Italian, Spanish, Norwegian, Finnish, Polish
Derived from Latin australis meaning "southern". It was formally adopted as the name of the continent (and later country) by the British administrators of the region in 1824.
BELGIA (Country) Finnish, Romanian, Norwegian, Polish
Finnish, Romanian, Norwegian and Polish form of BELGIUM.
BRASIL (Country) Portuguese, Spanish, Norwegian
Portuguese, Spanish and Norwegian form of BRAZIL.
CANADA (Country) English, French, Italian, Dutch, Danish, Norwegian
Derived from the Iroquoian word kanata meaning "village". This word was used by Native Americans to direct French explorer Jacques Cartier to Stadacona. Cartier used the word to refer to the region.
DONAU (River) German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
Form of DANUBE in various languages.
ENGLAND (Country) English, German, Swedish, Danish, Norwegian
From Old English Englaland meaning "land of the Angles", the Angles being one of the Germanic tribes that settled in the area in the post-Roman period.
ESTLAND (Country) German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
German, Dutch and Scandinavian form of ESTONIA.
ETIOPIA (Country) Italian, Polish, Norwegian
Italian, Polish and Norwegian form of Αιθιοπια (Aithiopia) (see ETHIOPIA).
FINLAND (Country) English, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch
From Old Norse Finnr, which referred to the Finn and Sami peoples, combined with land. This is the name of a country in northern Europe, called Suomi in Finnish.
FRANKEN (Region) German, Dutch, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish
German form of FRANCONIA.
FRANKRIKE (Country) Swedish, Norwegian
Swedish and Norwegian cognate of FRANKREICH. This is the Swedish name for France.
HVITERUSSLAND (Country) Norwegian
Means "white Russia", a Norwegian calque of BELARUS.
INDIA (Country) English, Italian, Spanish, Dutch, Norwegian, Romanian, Ancient Roman, Ancient Greek
Derived from the name of the INDUS River. This is an exonym. In many languages of India, the name Bharat is used to refer to the country.
ITALIA (Country) Italian, Spanish, Greek, Romanian, Norwegian, Finnish, Ancient Roman
Italian and Latin form of ITALY, as well as the form in several other languages.
JAPAN (Country) English, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Croatian, Serbian
From Portuguese Japão, which was derived from a Malay form of Riben, the Chinese reading of NIPPON.
JERUSALEM (Settlement) English, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Luxembourgish, Southern African, Afrikaans, Catalan, Bosnian, Biblical
From Hebrew יְרוּשָׁלַיִם (Yerushalayim), from an earlier Canaanite form like Urushalim, probably meaning "established by (the god) SHALIM". This is the name of a city in Israel and Palestine. Originally a Canaanite city, it was conquered by the Israelites under King David at the beginning of the 10th century BC. It is now regarded as a holy city by Jews, Christians and Muslims.
JORDAN (River & Country) English, Danish, Norwegian, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Macedonian, German, Swedish, Finnish, Estonian, Polish, Slovene, Biblical
River that flows between the countries of Jordan and Israel. The river's name in Hebrew is יַרְדֵן (Yarden), and it is derived from יָרַד (yarad) meaning "descend" or "flow down". The river has lent its name to the country to the east (in German, Swedish, Finnish, Estonian, Polish and Slovene this is only the name of the river, with the name of the country taking a different form).
KENYA (Country & Mountain) English, Eastern African, Kikuyu, Swahili, French, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
The country is named for Mount Kenya, which in the Kikuyu language is called Kĩrĩnyaga meaning "the one having stripes".
KROATIA (Country) Norwegian, Finnish
Norwegian and Finnish form of CROATIA.
KURDISTAN (Region) Kurdish, Arabic, English, French, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Russian
From Kurdish کوردستان (Kurdistan), from the Persian ethnic name کرد (Kord) meaning "Kurd" combined with the Persian suffix ستان (stan) meaning "land of". This is the name of the region in the midst of Iran, Iraq and Turkey that is primarily inhabited by the Kurdish people.
KYPROS (Island & Country) Greek, Norwegian, Ancient Greek
Greek and Norwegian form of CYPRUS.
LITAUEN (Country) German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
German and Scandinavian form of LIETUVA.
LONDON (Settlement) English, German, Danish, Swedish, Norwegian, Russian, Croatian, Serbian, Slovene
From Latin Londinium, of unknown meaning. This is the capital city of the United Kingdom.
MAROKKO (Country) German, Dutch, Danish, Norwegian, Finnish
German, Danish and Norwegian form of MOROCCO.
MARRAKECH (Settlement) French, Italian, Spanish, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish, Finnish
Form of MARRAKESH in various languages.
NEDERLAND (Country) Dutch, Norwegian
Dutch and Norwegian cognate of NETHERLANDS.
NORGE (Country) Norwegian, Swedish, Danish
Norwegian, Swedish and Danish form of Norðvegr, the Old Norse form of NORWAY.
PAKISTAN (Country) Urdu, Punjabi, English, Italian, French, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Polish, Slovak, Russian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Serbian
From Persian پاک (pak) meaning "pure" and the suffix ستان (stan) meaning "land of". The name was coined in 1933 by the Pakistani nationalist Choudhry Rahmat Ali who justified it as an acronym of Punjab, Afghania, Kashmir and Sindh, plus the final three letters of Baluchistan.
POLEN (Country) German, Dutch, Swedish, Danish, Norwegian
German, Dutch, Swedish, Danish and Norwegian form of POLAND.
PORTUGAL (Country) Portuguese, English, French, Spanish, Galician, Catalan, German, Dutch, Luxembourgish, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Estonian, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian
From Portugale, which was derived from PORTUS CALE, the old name of the city of Porto. The name of the city was later applied to the entire country.
PRAHA (Settlement) Czech, Slovak, Norwegian, Finnish
Czech form of PRAGUE.
RUS (Region) Russian, Ukrainian, English, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
Possibly of Old Norse origin meaning "rowers". This was the name of a medieval Slavic state of eastern Europe.
RUSSLAND (Country) German, Norwegian
Derived from the medieval state of RUS and land meaning "country, state". This is the German and Norwegian name for Russia.
SLOVAKIA (Country) English, Norwegian, Finnish
From Slovák, the Slovak form of medieval Slavic slovene, referring to the tribe of the Slavs. This is the name of a country in central Europe.
SLOVENIA (Country) English, Italian, Romanian, Norwegian, Finnish
From Slovene, the language of the Slovenes, derived from the medieval Slavic tribal name slovene meaning "Slavs". This is the name of a country in central Europe.
SOMALIA (Country) English, Italian, Spanish, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Polish
From the ethnic name Somali, of uncertain meaning. The Somali people connect it to their mythical ancestor Samaale. Italian and British colonists applied the ethnic name to the Horn of Africa region in the 19th century. It became an independent country in 1960.
SPANIA (Country) Romanian, Norwegian
Romanian and Norwegian form of Hispania (see SPAIN).
STOCKHOLM (Settlement) Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, English, German, Dutch, French
From Swedish stock "log" and holme "islet". The islet probably referred to Helgeandsholmen in central Stockholm. This is the name of the capital city of Sweden. The first written mention of the name occurs in 1252.
SVERIGE (Country) Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
From Swedish svear "Swede" and rike "realm, kingdom". This is the Swedish, Norwegian and Danish name for Sweden.
TEHERAN (Settlement) German, Dutch, Italian, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Polish, Romanian, Croatian, Serbian
Form of TEHRAN in several languages.
THAILAND (Country) English, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
Combination of THAI and land. This is the name of a country in southeastern Asia, formerly called Siam.
TSJAD (Body of Water & Country) Norwegian
Norwegian form of CHAD.
TYSKLAND (Country) Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
Swedish, Norwegian and Danish form of DEUTSCHLAND.
ZEALAND (Country) English, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish
From Dutch Zeeland, from Middle Dutch Seelant, derived from see "sea" and lant "land". This is the name of a province in the western Netherlands (now typically called Zeeland in many languages). It is also borne by the country of New Zealand in the southern Pacific, which was named by the Dutch in the 17th century.
ZEELAND (Political Subdivision & Country) Dutch, English, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish
Dutch form of ZEALAND. Several other languages, including English, use this spelling to refer to the Dutch province (but not the country of New Zealand).