German Place Names

German names are used in Germany and other German-speaking areas such as Austria and Switzerland. See also about German names.
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ACHTERBERG   (Settlement)   Low German
The name of various villages and estates in the Netherlands and Germany, derived from Low German achter "behind" and berg "mountain, hill".
AMERIKA   (Region & Country)   German, Dutch, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish, Russian, Croatian, Serbian
Form of AMERICA, used to refer to the continents and sometimes to the United States of America.
AMSTERDAM   (Settlement)   Dutch, English, German, Swedish, Danish, Norwegian, French, Polish
Means "dam on the AMSTEL" in Dutch. This is the name of the capital city of the Netherlands, first mentioned with this name in the 13th century.
ANGELN   (Region)   German
German form of ANGEL.
ASSISI   (Settlement)   Italian, English, German
From Latin Asisium, which is of unknown, possibly pre-Latin, origin. This is the name of a city in central Italy.
ÄTHIOPIEN   (Country)   German
German form of ETHIOPIA.
AUSTRALIEN   (Region & Country)   German
German form of AUSTRALIA.
BABYLON   (Settlement)   English, German, Dutch, Biblical, Ancient Roman, Biblical Latin, Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek
Greek form of Akkadian Babili, which is of uncertain meaning. It is often explained as meaning "gateway of God", from Akkadian babu "gate" and ilu "God", though it may in fact derive from a non-Semitic language. This was the name of a major city in ancient Mesopotamia, the capital of the Babylonian Empire. It was located in present-day Iraq.
BAYERN   (Political Subdivision)   German
German form of BAVARIA.
BERLIN   (Settlement)   German, English, French, Polish, Hungarian, Croatian, Serbian
City in Germany, the name of which is of uncertain meaning. It is possibly derived from an Old Slavic stem berl- meaning swamp.
BÖHMEN   (Region)   German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of BOHEMIA.
BOLIVIEN   (Country)   German
German form of BOLIVIA.
BOLL   (Settlement)   German
From Middle High German meaning "hill". This is the name of several towns in Germany.
BOLOGNA   (Settlement)   Italian, English, German
From Latin Bononia, possibly derived from a Celtic word meaning "settlement". This is the name of a city in northern italy.
BRASILIEN   (Country)   German
German form of BRAZIL.
BRETAGNE   (Region)   French, German
French form of Britannia (see BRITAIN). In French this typically refers to the region known as Brittany in France, while Great Britain is called Grande-Bretagne.
BRITANNIEN   (Region)   German
German form of BRITAIN.
BUDAPEST   (Settlement)   Hungarian, English, German, French, Italian, Spanish
Combination of BUDA and PEST, two cities that merged in 1873. This is the name of the capital city of Hungary.
BULGARIEN   (Country)   German
German form of BULGARIA.
CHINA   (Country)   English, German, Dutch, Spanish, Portuguese, Sanskrit
From Persian چین (Chin), probably derived via Sanskrit चीन (China) from Qin, the name of a dynasty that ruled in China in the 3rd century BC. In China the name Zhongguo is used to refer to the country.
DÄNEMARK   (Country)   German
German form of DENMARK.
DEUTSCHLAND   (Country)   German
Derived from the German deutsch meaning "German" (ultimately from Germanic þeudo "people") and Land. This is the German endonym for Germany.
DONAU   (River)   German
German form of DANUBE.
ENGLAND   (Country)   English, German
From Old English Englaland meaning "land of the Angles", the Angles being one of the Germanic tribes that settled in the area in the post-Roman period.
ESSEN   (Settlement)   German, English
From older Astnide, possibly a derivative of Old High German asc meaning "ash tree". This is the name of a city in Germany, founded in the 9th century.
FINNLAND   (Country)   Ancient Scandinavian, German
Old Norse and German form of FINLAND.
FRANKEN   (Region)   German, Dutch, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish
German form of FRANCONIA.
FRANKREICH   (Country)   German
Derived from German Frank, the name of a Germanic tribe, and Reich meaning "empire, realm". This is the German name for France.
INDIEN   (Country)   German, Swedish, Danish
German, Swedish and Danish form of INDIA.
INDONESIEN   (Country)   German
German form of INDONESIA.
IRAN   (Country)   Persian, Arabic, English, French, German, Italian, Croatian, Serbian
Derived from Middle Persian Eran, related to Old Iranian Arya meaning "Iranian, Aryan". This is the name of a country in western Asia, formerly called Persia in the West.
ITALIEN   (Country)   German
German form of ITALY.
JAPAN   (Country)   English, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Croatian, Serbian
From Portuguese Japão, which was derived from a Malay form of Riben, the Chinese reading of NIPPON.
JORDAN   (River & Country)   English, Danish, Norwegian, Croatian, Serbian, German, Swedish, Finnish, Polish, Biblical
River which flows between the countries of Jordan and Israel. The river's name in Hebrew is יַרְדֵן (Yarden), and it is derived from יָרַד (yarad) meaning "descend" or "flow down". The river has lent its name to the country to the east (in German, Swedish, Finnish and Polish this is only the name of the river, with the name of the country taking a different form).
JORDANIEN   (Country)   German, Swedish
German and Swedish form of JORDAN (the country).
KASACHSTAN   (Country)   German
German form of KAZAKHSTAN.
KENIA   (Country & Mountain)   German, Dutch, Finnish, Italian, Spanish, Polish
Form of KENYA.
KÖLN   (Settlement)   German
German form of COLOGNE.
KONGO   (Region, River & Country)   Central African, Kongo, German, Dutch, Swedish, Finnish, Polish, Russian, Croatian, Serbian
Form of CONGO.
KOREA   (Country)   English, German, Dutch, Finnish, Czech
From medieval Latin Corea, itself derived from GORYEO, the name of a kingdom which ruled most of the Korean Peninsula from the 10th to 14th centuries. This is the name of two countries, North and South Korea. Hanguk and Joseon are the Korean names for the countries.
KROATIEN   (Country)   German, Swedish, Danish
German, Swedish and Danish form of CROATIA.
LONDON   (Settlement)   English, German, Danish, Swedish, Norwegian, Russian, Croatian, Serbian, Slovene
From Latin Londinium, of unknown meaning. This is the capital city of the United Kingdom.
LOTHRINGEN   (Political Subdivision)   German
German form of LORRAINE.
MEXIKO   (Country & Settlement)   German
German form of MEXICO.
NAZARET   (Settlement)   Spanish, Italian, German, Greek, Armenian, Ancient Greek, Biblical Greek
Spainish, Italian, German, Armenian and Greek form of NAZARETH.
NEPAL   (Country)   Nepali, Indian, Hindi, English, German, Dutch, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Polish, Sanskrit
From Sanskrit नेपाल (Nepal), of unknown meaning. This is the name of a landlocked country in south Asia.
NIGER   (River & Country)   English, French, Italian, German, Dutch, Swedish, Croatian, Serbian, Late Roman
Meaning unknown, possibly of Berber origin, though influenced by Latin niger "black". This is the name of a river in western Africa (and a country which is named after it).
NIGERIA   (Country)   English, French, Italian, Spanish, German
From the name of the NIGER River, applied in the 19th century to the British colonial territory in western Africa. It continued to be used after the territory became an independent country in 1960.
NIL   (River)   French, German
French and German form of Nilus (see NILE).
NORWEGEN   (Country)   German
German cognate of NORWAY.
OCHTRUP   (Settlement)   German
The name of a town in Germany, of uncertain meaning.
PAKISTAN   (Country)   Urdu, Punjabi, English, Italian, French, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, Polish, Slovak, Russian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Serbian
From Persian پاک (pak) meaning "pure" and the suffix ستان (stan) meaning "land of". The name was coined in 1933 by the Pakistani nationalist Choudhry Rahmat Ali who justified it as an acronym of Punjab, Afghania, Kashmir and Sindh, plus the final three letters of Baluchistan.
PEKING   (Settlement)   German, Dutch, Czech, English (Archaic)
German, Dutch and Czech form of BEIJING, as well as an older English form.
PERSIEN   (Country)   German
German form of PERSIA.
POLEN   (Country)   German, Dutch
German and Dutch form of POLAND.
PORTUGAL   (Country)   Portuguese, English, French, Spanish, Galician, Catalan, German, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Croatian, Serbian
From Portugale, which was derived from PORTUS CALE, the old name of the city of Porto. The name of the city was later applied to the entire country.
RUS   (Region)   Russian, Ukrainian, English, German
Possibly of Old Norse origin meaning "rowers". This was the name of a medieval Slavic state of eastern Europe.
RUSSLAND   (Country)   German
Derived from the medieval state of RUS and land meaning "country, state". This is the German name for Russia.
SCHWEDEN   (Country)   German
German form of SWEDEN.
SLOWAKEI   (Country)   German
German form of SLOVAKIA.
SLOWENIEN   (Country)   German
German form of SLOVENIA.
SPANIEN   (Country)   German, Swedish, Danish
German, Swedish and Danish form of Hispania (see SPAIN).
STOCKHOLM   (Settlement)   Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, English, German, Dutch, French
From Swedish stock "log" and holme "islet". The islet probably referred to Helgeandsholmen in central Stockholm. This is the name of the capital city of Sweden. The first written mention of the name occurs in 1252.
TEHERAN   (Settlement)   German, Italian
German and Italian form of TEHRAN.
TSCHAD   (Body of Water & Country)   German
German form of CHAD.
TSCHECHIEN   (Country)   German
German form of ČECHY, used as a name for the Czech Republic.
TSCHECHOSLOWAKEI   (Country)   German
German form of CZECHOSLOVAKIA.
TÜRKEI   (Country)   German
German form of Turcia (see TURKEY).
UNGARN   (Country)   German
German form of HUNGARY.
URAL   (Region & River)   Russian, English, German, Turkish, Bashkir
Meaning unknown, possibly from Turkic aral meaning "island, boundary". This is the name of a mountain range and a river in western Russia.
VALENCIA   (Settlement & Region)   Spanish, Italian, English, German
The name of a city and surrounding region in eastern Spain, originally named in Latin Valentia (Edetanorum) meaning "strength (of the Edetani people)", and derived from Latin valentius "strength, vigour", from valens "strong, vigourous". Besides the city in Spain, this is also the name of a city in Venezuala.
VIETNAM   (Country)   English, French, German, Dutch, Italian, Spanish
From Việt Nam, meaning "southern Yue", derived from Sino-Vietnamese (việt), referring to the Yue people, and (nam) "south". This is the name of a country in southeastern Asia.
WARSCHAU   (Settlement)   German
German form of WARSAW.
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